763 results match your criteria Journal of aging and physical activity[Journal]


Purpose, Frequency and Mode of Transport by Which Older Adults Leave Their Home - A Cross-Sectional Analysis.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Feb 12:1-25. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

1 Department of Clinical Gerontology, Robert-Bosch-Hospital, Stuttgart, Germany.

Background:: Time spent out-of-home can increase physical activity (PA) levels. However the association between purpose for leaving home and modes of transport (MoT) on time out-of-home and PA are not straightforward.

Methods:: In a large sample of community-dwelling older adults (≥65 years) daily walking duration was measured prospectively over one-week using body-fixed sensors and time out-of-home questionnaires. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0242DOI Listing
February 2019

Personal and Social Environmental Correlates of Square Dancing Habits in Chinese Middle-Aged and Older Adults Living in Communities.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Feb 12:1-21. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

1 Department of Medical statistics & Epidemiology, School of Public Health (J Liao), and Sun Yat-sen Global Health Institute, Institute of State Governance (J Liao, S Chen,) Sun Yat-sen University P.R. China; Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Center for Clinical Sciences (SM Chen) National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; Taiwanese Society of Geriatric Psychiatry (YJ Yung) Taiwan, P.R. China.

This study aimed to examine personal and social environmental correlates of physical activity habit of middle-aged and older adults, using Chinese square dancing as a natural exploratory example. Participants were 385 adults aged≥45 years (93% female), who habitually danced on squares or parks of three old districts of Guangzhou. Multinomial logistic regression was used to identify personal, social, psychological and behavioral correlates of multi-year dance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0310DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Explaining Individual Differences in Fine Motor Performance and Learning in Older Adults: The Contribution of Muscle Strength and Cardiovascular Fitness.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Feb 12:1-48. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

1 Institute of Human Movement Science and Health, Chemnitz University of Technology, 09126 Chemnitz, Germany.

It remains controversial whether aging influences motor learning, and whether physiological factors such as local strength or fitness are associated with fine motor performance and learning in older adults (OA). OA (n = 51) and young adults (YA; n = 31) performed a short-term motor learning session using a precision grip force modulation (FM) task. Rate of improvement of OA compared to YA was steeper with respect to performance variability and temporal precision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0289DOI Listing
February 2019

The Feasibility of Remotely Delivered Exercise Session in Adults with Alzheimer Disease and their Caregivers.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Feb 12:1-25. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

a Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Kansas Medical Center, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, KS.

Adults with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and their caregivers represent a segment of the population with low levels of moderate physical activity (MPA) and limited options for increasing MPA. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a group video conference approach for increasing MPA in adults with AD and their caregivers. Adults with AD and their caregivers attended 30-minute group exercise sessions 3x/wk for 12wks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0298DOI Listing
February 2019

The Effects of Statins on Physical Activity or Physical Fitness Among Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Feb 12:1-37. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

1 Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, The Alfred Centre, Melbourne VIC 3004, Australia.

This review examines the effects of statins on physical activity and/or fitness, as statins can have adverse muscle effects. A search of MEDLINE, Embase and EBMR databases to July 2018 for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing statin with placebo or control, measuring physical activity and/or fitness in adults. Sixteen RCTs (total participants N=2,944) were included, 6 RCTs contributed data for meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0305DOI Listing
February 2019

Higher Cardiorespiratory Fitness is Associated with Better Verbal Generativity in Community Dwelling Older Adults.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Feb 12:1-26. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

2 School of Psychology and Exercise Science, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Western Australia, Australia.

Objectives.: To examine the associations between physical activity duration and intensity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and executive function in older adults.

Methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0382DOI Listing
February 2019

Inclusive Decision-Making for Falls Prevention: A Discussion Tool for Use With People With Dementia and Their Caregivers.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Feb 12:1-25. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

4 National Ageing Research Institute, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Victoria, Australia.

Provision of choice and participation in falls prevention strategies is challenging for people with dementia. This paper outlines development of a discussion tool, to aid engagement of people with dementia and their caregivers in falls prevention strategies. The tool is based on a literature review of falls prevention and dementia care (1990 - 2016) and decision aid principles, and was trialled over 6-months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0167DOI Listing
February 2019

Barriers and Levels of Physical Activity in Symptomatic Peripheral Artery Disease Patients: Comparison Between Women and Men.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Feb 12:1-19. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

1 Universidade Nove de Julho, São Paulo, Brazil.

This cross-sectional study compared physical activity levels and barriers between 212 men and women with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD). Physical activity was objectively measured by an accelerometer. Barriers to physical activity were obtained using a validated questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0206DOI Listing
February 2019

Current Concepts in Healthy Aging and Physical Activity: A Viewpoint.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Feb 12:1-22. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

1 Department of Exercise Science, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Physical activity plays an important role for achieving healthy aging by promoting independence and increasing the quality of life. However, current guidelines for physical activity in older adults may be difficult to achieve in an older population. Indeed, there is evidence to suggest that increasing exercise intensity in older adults may be associated with greater reductions in the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0208DOI Listing
February 2019

Effects of Tai Chi on Cerebral Haemodynamics and Health-related Outcomes in Older Community Adults at Risk of Ischaemic Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Feb 12:1-27. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

5 Collaborative Innovation Center for Rehabilitation Technology, Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou, China.

This study investigated the effects of Tai Chi compared to no exercise control on the cerebral haemodynamic parameters and other health-related factors in community older adults at risk of ischemic stroke. 170 eligible participants were randomly allocated to Tai Chi or control group. The cerebral haemodynamic parameters and physical fitness risk factors of cardiovascular disease were measured at baseline, 12 weeks and 24 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0232DOI Listing
February 2019

Optimization of the Effects of Physical Activity on Plantar Sensation and Postural Control With Barefoot Exercises in Institutionalized Older Adults: A Pilot Study.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Feb 4:1-14. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Increasing somatosensory information from the foot by exercising barefoot can potentially optimize the effectiveness of physical exercise interventions on falls prevention in the older adults. This pilot study was then undertaken to explore the effects of increased somatosensory information from the foot by exercising barefoot on balance, gait, and plantar cutaneous sensitivity in institutionalized older adults involved in multimodal exercise intervention. Participants were assigned to three groups: a control group which did not perform any physical exercise and two groups in which they were involved in a multimodal exercise program performed barefoot or shod. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0016DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The Effects of a Divided-Attention Timed Stepping Accuracy Task on Balance, Strength, Endurance and Functional Performance in Healthy Older Adults: A Pilot Study.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Jan 24:1-30. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

1 Physical Therapy Program, Department of Health, Human Function and Rehabilitation Sciences, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington, DC.

The study aim was to investigate whether a 6-week Divided-Attention Stepping Accuracy Task (DATSAT) intervention improved the primary outcome measure, Maximal Step Length (MSL), other balance measures [Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up and Go (TUG)], leg strength, endurance (6-Minute Walk Test) and functional tasks in 15 community dwelling healthy older adults (CHOA) (x̄ age 71.5, female 46.7%) compared to 15 CHOA in a Bike and Strength (B&S) program (x̄ age 73. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0010DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Is Exercise Prescription in Cardiac Rehabilitation Influenced by physical capacity or Cardiac Intervention?

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Jan 24:1-26. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

4 Department of Health and Medical Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

This study investigated the influence of cardiac intervention and physical capacity of individuals attending an Australian outpatient cardiac rehabilitation program on the initial exercise prescription. Eighty-five patients commencing outpatient cardiac rehabilitation at a major metropolitan hospital had their physical capacity assessed by an incremental shuttle walk test, and the initial aerobic exercise intensity and resistance training load prescribed were recorded. Physical capacity was lower in surgical patients than non-surgical patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0346DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

The Role of Genetic Profile in Functional Performance Adaptations to Exercise Training or Physical Activity: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Jan 24:1-66. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

1 Physical Activity, Lifestyle, Ageing and Wellbeing Faculty Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Australia.

Background:: Variations in genotype may contribute to heterogeneity in functional adaptations to exercise.

Methods:: A systematic search of 8 databases was conducted, and 9696 citations were screened.

Results:: Eight citations from 7 studies measuring 10 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and 9 different functional performance test outcomes were included in the review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0155DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read
1.411 Impact Factor

Benefits of a Pole Walking Program Offered by Community Organizations on Physical Fitness, Psychological Well-Being and Cognitive Function Among Older Adults.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Jan 24:1-30. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

5 Department of Kinesiology, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Canada, Université de Montréal-affiliated CHU Sainte-Justine Research Center, Montréal, Canada.

We examined the effects of a 12-week pole walking program on function and well-being in 123 older adults aged 60 years and older recruited by community organizations. Results showed a significant improvement in participants' upper and lower limb strength in the experimental groups compared to those in the control groups (p < .05) and a significant deterioration in walking speed and in grip strength in women in the control groups compared to those in the experimental groups (p < . Read More

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https://journals.humankinetics.com/doi/10.1123/japa.2018-005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0055DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Behavior Change Techniques Used in Theory of Planned Behavior Physical Activity Interventions Amongst Older Adults: A Systematic Review.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Jan 24:1-27. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

2 Department of Kinesiology and Health, Miami University, Oxford, OH.

Physical activity interventions among older adults vary widely in the techniques used to elicit behavior change. The purpose of this systematic review was to determine what behavior change techniques (BCTs) are used in interventions to increase physical activity among older adults using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), and make suggestions for BCTs that appear to be more effective. A database search identified peer-reviewed articles documenting TPB-based interventions to increase physical activity among older adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0103DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Which Behaviour Change Techniques are Effective in Promoting Physical Activity Among Older People With Dementia? A Call For Research Into Three Underexplored Avenues.

Authors:
Samuel R Nyman

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Jan 24:1-23. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

1 Department of Psychology and Ageing & Dementia Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Technology, Bournemouth University, Talbot Campus, Poole, Dorset, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0301DOI Listing
January 2019
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The Peer Experience for Older People Encouraging Other Older People to Engage in Resistance Training: A Qualitative Study.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Jan 24:1-25. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

1 School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.

Resistance training (RT) can maintain and improve physical and mental health in older adults, but this population has low levels of RT participation. Linking older people participating in RT (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0039DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Sedentary Time, Physical Activity, Fitness, and Physical Function in Older Adults: What Best Predicts Sleep Quality?

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Jan 24:1-25. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

1 Exercise and Health Laboratory, CIPER, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal.

The aim of this study was to identify the best predictor of sleep quality among physical behavior or capacity related variables namely, physical activity, sedentary time, fitness, and physical function (activities of daily living (ADL)) of independent elders using a representative sample of Portuguese aged 65+ (n = 437). Sleep quality and ADL were evaluated by a questionnaire, sedentary time and physical activity through accelerometry, and physical fitness by means of the Senior Fitness Test. The logistic regression analysis revealed that ADL measured by the Composite Physical Function (CPF) was the only explanatory variable discriminating between poor and good sleep quality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0035DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Associations Between Latent Classes of Perceived Neighborhood Destination Accessibility and Walking Behaviors in Older Adults of a Low-density and a High-density City.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Jan 24:1-37. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

4 Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research, Australian Catholic University and School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong.

This study examined associations between perceived destination accessibility within different distances from home and self-reported overall amounts of walking for different purposes among older adults (aged 65+ years) in Brisbane, Australia (n=793) and Hong Kong, China (n=484). Perceived neighborhood destination accessibility types were derived from latent class analysis using comparable measures of perceived distance to 12 destinations from epidemiological studies in the two cities. Associations of perceived destination accessibility with measures of within-neighborhood walking were also estimated in Hong Kong participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0297DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Adequate Use of Definitions in Diagnostic Studies: Regarding a Study About the Four Square Step Test With Foam for Discriminating Fall History.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Jan 24:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

1 Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas, Alameda San Marcos cuadra 2, Chorrillos, Lima, Perú.

We would like to express our opinion regarding a paper by Phakkanut Mathurapongsakul and Akkradate Siriphorn recently published in your journal about a test for Discriminating between Older Adults with and without fall History. The goal of our letter is to highlight the importance of using adequate definitions of sensibility and specificity in test accuracy studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0400DOI Listing
January 2019
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Effects of Protein Intake Beyond Habitual Intakes Associated With Resistance Training on Metabolic Syndrome-Related Parameters, Isokinetic Strength and Body Composition in Older Women.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Jan 24:1-25. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

2 Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Physical Education and Sport Center, Londrina State University, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil.

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of protein intake beyond habitual intakes associated with resistance training (RT) on metabolic syndrome (MetS)-related parameters, isokinetic strength and body composition in health older women. Thirty older women (68.8 ± 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0370DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

How Acceptable is Reducing Sedentary Behaviour to Older Adults? Perceptions and Experiences Across Diverse Socio-Economic Areas.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Jan 24:1-38. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

1 Manchester Centre for Health Psychology, School of Health Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

Sedentary behaviour is associated with negative health outcomes and older adults represent the most sedentary age group. There is currently little qualitative evidence to inform the development of sedentary behaviour interventions targeting older adults. This study explored factors affecting older adults' sedentary behaviours and the acceptability of potential strategies to reduce sedentary time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0274DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

The Y Balance Test Lower Quarter is a Valid and Reliable Assessment in Older Adults.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Jan 24:1-23. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

3 University of Arkansas Medical School, Fayetteville, AR.

Testing balance and fall risk with older adults of varying abilities is of increasing importance. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of the Y Balance Test Lower Quarter (YBT-LQ) in older adults. A secondary aim was to provide estimates of reliability with this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0330DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Physical Activity and Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin in Older Adults.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Jan 24:1-13. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

1 Institute of Epidemiology and Medical Biometry, Ulm University, Ulm, Germany.

Besides its known function as a transport protein for testosterone and other steroid hormones, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), is a biomarker associated with many adverse health effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of physical activity with SHBG serum levels in older adults. Physical activity and SHBG values for 1,259 older adults (43. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0171DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Normative Peak 30-min Cadence (Steps/Min) Values for Older Adults: NHANES 2005-2006.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Jan 24:1-22. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

1 Department of Kinesiology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA.

Walking cadence (steps/min) is associated with intensity of ambulatory behavior. This analysis provides normative values for peak 30-min cadence, an indicator of "natural best effort" during free-living behavior. A sample of 1,196 older adults (60-85+ years) with accelerometer data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006 was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0316DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Children, Young Adults, and Older Adults Choose Different Fast Learning Strategies.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Jan 17:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

The aim of the study was to establish whether there were differences in speed-accuracy movement learning strategies between children, young adults, and older adults. A total of 30 boys, 30 young adult men, and 30 older men were seated in a special chair at a table with a Dynamic Parameter Analyzer 1. Participants had to perform a speed-accuracy task with the right-dominant hand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0102DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Men on the Move: A Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial of a Scalable, Choice-Based Physical Activity and Active Transportation Intervention for Older Men.

J Aging Phys Act 2018 Dec 3:1-45. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

2 University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

We conducted Men on the Move, a 12-week randomized controlled feasibility trial of a scalable, choice-based physical activity (PA) and active transportation intervention. Participants were community-dwelling men aged 60+ years (n=29 intervention (INT), n=29 waitlist control (CON)). Trained activity coaches delivered: 1) one-on-one participant consultations to develop personal action plans for PA and active transportation; 2) monthly group-based motivational meetings; 3) weekly telephone support; 4) complimentary recreation and transit passes; and 5) pedometers and diaries for self-monitoring. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0137DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

The Effect of Structured Exercise on Sleep During the Corresponding Night Among Older Women in an Exercise Program.

J Aging Phys Act 2018 Dec 3:1-23. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

c Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.

This study investigated the acute effect of exercise on sleep outcomes among healthy older women by comparing days with structured exercise versus days without structured exercise during four months of exercise training. Participants (n = 51) in this study had wrist-worn actigraphic sleep data available following at least three days with structured exercise and three days without structured exercise at mid- and end-intervention. The exercise intervention was treadmill walking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0194DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads
1.411 Impact Factor

Improvements in Phase Angle are Related With Muscle Quality Index After Resistance Training in Older Women.

J Aging Phys Act 2018 Dec 3:1-19. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1 Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory. Physical Education and Sport Center, Londrina State University. Londrina, Brazil.

The aim of this study was to analyze the association between muscle quality index (MQI) and phase angle (PhA) after a program of progressive resistance training (RT) in older women. Sixty-six older women with previous RT experience (68.8 ± 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0259DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Effects of Competitive Triathlon Training on Telomere Length.

J Aging Phys Act 2018 Dec 3:1-16. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

a Mitochondrial Biology and Radiation Research Centre, Department of Life Sciences, Institute of Technology Sligo, Ash Lane, Sligo, Co. Sligo, Ireland.

Telomeres act as a mitotic clock and telomere related senescence has been linked to age related physiological decline. There is increasing evidence lifestyle factors can influence telomere length. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of competitive triathlon training on telomere length. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0248DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Are Walking Treatment Beliefs and Illness Perceptions Associated With Walking Intention and 6-Minute Walk Distance in People With Intermittent Claudication? A Cross-Sectional Study.

J Aging Phys Act 2018 Dec 3:1-27. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1 King's College London, School of Population Health & Environmental Sciences, London, UK.

Intermittent claudication (IC) is debilitating leg pain affecting older people with peripheral arterial disease, which is improved by regular walking. This study evaluated associations between psychosocial variables and 6-Minute Walk Distance (6MWD) to identify factors that motivate walking. 142 Individuals with IC (116 males, mean 66. Read More

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https://journals.humankinetics.com/doi/10.1123/japa.2018-024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0245DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Mobile Health Interventions for Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Sleep in Adults Aged 50+: A Systematic Literature Review.

J Aging Phys Act 2018 Dec 3:1-53. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1 Masaryk University, Joštova, Czech Republic.

We provide a systematic review of interventions utilizing mobile technology to alter physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior (SB), and sleep among adults aged 50+. A systematic search identified 52 relevant articles (RCT, quasi-experimental, pre/post single group design). Of 50 assessing PA, 17 out of 29 RCTs and 13 out of 21 assessed for pre/post change only supported the effectiveness of mobile interventions to improve PA, and 9 (5 out of 10 RCTs and all 4 pre/post) studies out of 14 reduced SB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2017-0410DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

If He is in Shape, So is the Marriage: Perceptions of Physical Fitness and Exercise and Older Couples' Marital Functioning.

J Aging Phys Act 2018 12 3:1-24. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

2 Department of Kinesiology; University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN.

The current study explored concordance in spouses' perceptions about exercise and how these perceptions predicted observed and self-reported marital functioning using a sample of 64 older married couples. Although couples were similarly motivated to exercise, their views on their physical fitness and potential barriers to exercise were uncorrelated. Dyadic analyses suggested that spouses' exercise perceptions, particularly husbands', were associated with how spouses treated each other during a marital problem-solving task and their concurrent and future marital satisfaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0203DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

What Factors Contribute to Falls-Related Distal Radius Fracture?

J Aging Phys Act 2018 Oct 9:1-27. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

2 University of Western Ontario, Hand and Upper Limb Center, St. Joseph Health Care.268 Grosvenor Street, London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 4L6.

Methods:: A sample of 1453 patients (430 men; 1023 women; age range: 18 to 89 years) supplemented by new interview data from 29 patients (19 women) were examined. Chi-square and descriptive analysis of quantitative data, descriptive thematic analysis of qualitative data were compared to determine data convergence and divergence.

Results:: A higher number of DRF were observed in the 45 to 64-year-old group (44%), employed people (48%), in winter months (41%) and in low energy fractures (75%). Read More

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https://journals.humankinetics.com/doi/10.1123/japa.2017-042
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2017-0428DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

The Effects of HighVersus Low-Intensity Power Training on Muscle Power Outcomes in Healthy, Older Adults: A Systematic Review.

J Aging Phys Act 2018 Oct 9:1-59. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

3 Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Power training (PT) improves muscle power in older adults, however, intensity recommendations are less clear. A narrative approach was used to compare high- versus low-intensity PT on muscle power (and function) in healthy, older adults. Searches were performed using Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, Ageline, and Scopus. Read More

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https://journals.humankinetics.com/doi/10.1123/japa.2018-005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0054DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Effects of Water Immersion on Squat and Split-Squat Kinematics in Older Aged Adults.

J Aging Phys Act 2018 Oct 9:1-22. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

1 School of Health and Sports Sciences, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC, QLD 4558, Australia.

This study examined the effect of water immersion on trunk and lower limb kinematics during squat exercises in older aged participants. Twenty-four active older aged adults (71.4 ± 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0166DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

TV Viewing is Associated With All-Cause Mortality in Older Adults With Hypertension: Findings From a 6-Year Longitudinal Study.

J Aging Phys Act 2018 Oct 9:1-20. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

5 Department of Physical Education, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Bauru, Brazil.

The purpose of this study was to examine the longitudinal association between TV viewing and all-cause mortality in older adults with hypertension. Sedentary behavior, physical activity, hypertension and other chronic diseases were assessed by face-to-face interviews and confirmed by medical history. Mortality was reported by relatives and confirmed in medical records of the National Health System. Read More

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https://journals.humankinetics.com/doi/10.1123/japa.2018-009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0094DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

The Acute Effects of Mat Pilates on Hemodynamic and Salivary Nitrate Responses After Exercise in Postmenopausal Women.

J Aging Phys Act 2018 Oct 9:1-22. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

1 Physical Education and Physical Therapy Department, Federal University of Uberlândia, Uberlândia, MG, Brazil.

The aim of study was to compare the hemodynamic and salivary responses after Mat Pilates, aerobic, resistance exercise and control. 16 normotensive postmenopausal women performed: PILATES:ten floor exercises; AEROBIC:35 minutes on the treadmill (60 to 70%of heart rate reserve); RESISTANCE: 60% of 1RM; CONTROL:no physical exercise. Blood pressure (BP) and heart rate variability (HRV) were evaluated at rest and 60 minutes after the intervention. Read More

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https://journals.humankinetics.com/doi/10.1123/japa.2018-010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0106DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Use of Physical Activity Questionnaires in People With Dementia: A Scoping Review.

J Aging Phys Act 2018 Oct 9:1-24. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

c Department of Sport & Exercise Sciences, University of Chichester, UK.

Physical activity questionnaires are an important means to assess habitual physical activity. It remains unclear what questionnaires are used and whether they are appropriate for people with dementia who have impaired information recall but are also often largely sedentary. This scoping review aimed to identify and quantify the use of physical activity questionnaires within a dementia population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0031DOI Listing
October 2018
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The Experience and Meaning of Physical Activity in Assisted Living Facility Residents.

J Aging Phys Act 2018 Oct 9:1-22. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

2 University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Assisted living (AL) residents engage in very low levels of physical activity (PA) placing them at increased risk for mobility disability and frailty. But many residents in AL may not perceive the need to increase their PA. This study explored the experience, meaning and perceptions of PA in 20 older adults in assisted living. Read More

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https://journals.humankinetics.com/doi/10.1123/japa.2018-002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0026DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Physical Activity Attitudes, Preferences, and Experiences of Regionally-Based Australia Adults 65+ Years.

J Aging Phys Act 2018 Oct 9:1-21. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

1 School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Australia.

An understanding of physical activity attitudes, preferences, and experiences in older adults is important for informing interventions. Focus groups were conducted with 46 regionally-based Australian adults aged 65 years and older who were not currently meeting activity recommendations. Content analysis revealed that participants mainly engaged in incidental activities such as gardening and household chores rather than planned exercise; however, leisure time walking was also mentioned frequently. Read More

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https://journals.humankinetics.com/doi/10.1123/japa.2017-042
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2017-0426DOI Listing
October 2018
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Epicatechin Supplementation and Resistance Training-Induced Improvement of Muscle Strength and Circulatory Levels of Plasma Follistatin and Myostatin in Sarcopenic Older Adults.

J Aging Phys Act 2018 Oct 9:1-27. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

1 Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Exercise Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

To investigate the effects of resistance training and Epicatechin supplementation on muscle strength, follistatin and myostatin in sarcopenic older adults, 62 sarcopenic males (68.63±2.86 years) underwent a supervised 8-week randomized controlled trial. Read More

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https://journals.humankinetics.com/doi/10.1123/japa.2017-038
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2017-0389DOI Listing
October 2018
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High-Intensity Interval Training Using TRX Lower-Body Exercises Improve the Risk of Falls in Healthy Older People.

J Aging Phys Act 2018 Aug 30:1-26. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

a Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Jaén. Jaén, Spain.

The objective of this study was to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate intensity interval training (MIIT) programs, both with a suspension training system, on several fall risk factors in healthy older adults. A total of 82 participants (68.49 ± 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0190DOI Listing
August 2018
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Associations Between Gait-Related Falls and Gait Adaptations When Stepping Onto a Curb: A Prospective Falls Study.

J Aging Phys Act 2018 Nov 14:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Objectives: To examine gait regulation during the approach to stepping onto a curb for older adults who did or did not report gait-related falls over a 12-month follow-up.

Methods: A total of 98 participants aged 60 years and older were analyzed. Primary outcomes were step length adaptations (lengthening or shortening) during a curb approach and the occurrence of a gait-related fall during a 12-month follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0124DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Park Use and Park-Based Physical Activity in Low-Income Neighborhoods.

J Aging Phys Act 2018 Nov 21:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Routine physical activity is important for everyone, and most urban areas have an infrastructure of neighborhood parks that are intended to serve as a setting for recreation and leisure. However, parks are not used proportionally by all age groups, genders, and socioeconomic groups. This paper explores factors associated with park use by different age and gender groups in low-income neighborhoods in Los Angeles, CA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0032DOI Listing
November 2018
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Acceptability of a Dyadic Tai Chi Intervention for Older People Living With Dementia and Their Informal Carers.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Feb 9:1-18. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Exercise is effective in preventing falls among older adults. However, few studies have included people living with dementia and their carers and explored their experiences. The aim of this study is to explore what affects the acceptability of exercise interventions to better meet the needs of people with dementia and their carers as a dyad. Read More

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https://journals.humankinetics.com/doi/10.1123/japa.2017-026
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2017-0267DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292494PMC
February 2019
13 Reads

Self-controlled Knowledge of Performance Does Not Improve the Learning of Golf Putting by Older Persons.

J Aging Phys Act 2018 Aug 30:1-28. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

1 School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

The aim of this study was to verify if older adults would benefit from a self-controlled schedule of knowledge of performance (KP) in the motor skill learning. The study's participants included 22 women and 18 men, with an average age of 68 years (SD = 2.95 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0053DOI Listing
August 2018
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Exploring Factors Associated With Physical Activity in Older Adults: An Ecological Approach.

J Aging Phys Act 2018 Nov 21:1-11. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

According to ecological models of behavior, the physical environment can influence physical activity engagement by a series of mediating and moderating processes. This study tested such a model to identify factors relevant to older adults' engagement in moderate-vigorous physical activity. Sociodemographic, psychological, physical, and environmental factors were assessed in 432 Western Australians aged 60 and older. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0148DOI Listing
November 2018
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Effects of Melatonin Ingestion Before Nocturnal Sleep on Postural Balance and Subjective Sleep Quality in Older Adults.

J Aging Phys Act 2019 Feb 11:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

The present study aimed to investigate the effect of acute nocturnal melatonin (MEL) ingestion on sleep quality, cognitive performance, and postural balance in older adults. A total of 12 older men (58 ± 5.74 years) volunteered to participate in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0107DOI Listing
February 2019
11 Reads