3,787 results match your criteria Journal of Tropical Pediatrics [Journal]


Children Born to Mothers with Rash During Zika Virus Epidemic in Brazil: First 18 Months of Life.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal Fluminense, RJ 24.033-900, Brazil.

Objective: To better understand the clinical spectrum and course of congenital Zika syndrome (CZS) during the first 18 months of life of children whose mothers had rash during pregnancy.

Methods: This longitudinal observational study evaluated the clinical progress from birth until 18 months of life of children of mothers who developed rash during or up to 3 months before gestation. Maternal rash occurred from November 2015 to May 2017. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/tropej/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz019DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Role of Vitamin-D Deficiency in Term Neonates with Late-Onset Sepsis: A Case-Control Study.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Department of Pediatrics, Gandhi Medical College, Hamidia Hospital, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462030, India.

Objective: To find the relationship between vitamin-D levels and late-onset sepsis (LOS) in term neonates.

Methods: This case-control study was conducted in neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary care teaching institution in central India. Full-term neonates with culture-proven LOS were taken as cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz021DOI Listing

Immune Activation and Microbial Translocation Markers in HIV-Exposed Uninfected Malawian Infants in the First Year of Life.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

National Center for Global Health, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome 00161, Italy.

Background: HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) infants show a high rate of morbidity. We aimed to investigate on biomarkers of immune activation/microbial translocation in HEU infants, evaluating the impact that infections/malnutrition can have on biomarker levels during the first year of life.

Methods: Clinical data of 72 Malawian infants were recorded monthly and correlated with levels of soluble CD14 (sCD14), lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) and intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP), analyzed longitudinally. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/tropej/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz022DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Retropharyngeal Tuberculous Abscess: A Rare Cause of Upper Airway Obstruction and Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children: A Case Report.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Pediatric Pulmonology, Hamburg University, Hamburg, Germany.

Retropharyngeal tuberculous abscess (RPTBA) is a rare manifestation of tuberculosis (TB) even in high TB burden areas. It rarely manifests as a cause of upper airway obstruction and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children with few case reports in the literature. We report a 22 months old toddler who presented with upper airway obstruction and OSA and was diagnosed with RPTBA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz018DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Myocarditis Prevalence in Paediatric Dengue Infection: A Prospective Study in Tertiary Hospital in Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Awareness of cardiac involvement in dengue infection has potentially valuable management implications. To determine the prevalence of myocarditis in dengue severity, we conducted prospective study of paediatric dengue illness at Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, a tertiary hospital in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, from period of July 2015 to May 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz020DOI Listing

The Challenges of Combining Clinical Work with Research in Bhutan: A Changing Status Quo.

Authors:
Sophie Jullien

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

ISGlobal, Hospital Clínic, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz015DOI Listing

Factors Associated with the Consumption of Food Markers of Unhealthy Diet Among School Children in Situations of High Health Vulnerability.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Nutrition Department, Universidade Ferderal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil 30130-100.

Cross-sectional study that aimed to investigate the factors associated with the consumption of food markers of unhealthy diet among school children with high health vulnerability in public schools of a Brazilian capital. Unhealthy food consumption was investigated through a simplified Food Frequency Questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression was performed, considering excessive consumption of unhealthy foods as an outcome. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/tropej/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz013DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Factors Influencing Neonatal Practice in a Rural Community in Kano (Northern), Nigeria.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Baccalaureate & Graduate Nursing, Eastern Kentucky University, Richmond, KY, USA.

Nigeria has the highest number of neonatal and under-five deaths in Africa. Socio-cultural determinants play an important role in disease burden in low-middle income countries. This study aimed to describe knowledge, attitudes and neonatal care practice among household caregivers in a rural community in Nigeria, specifically uvulectomy, female genital mutilation (FGM), failure to routinely immunize and unsafe cord care. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/tropej/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz012DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Deindustrialization, the Linwood Car Plant and Scotland's Political Divergence from England in the 1960s and 1970s.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

University of Glasgow.

Scotland's political divergence from England is a key theme in late twentieth century British history. Typically seen in terms of the post-1979 Thatcher effect, this in fact developed over a longer timeframe, rooted in industrial changes revealed by analysis of the Linwood car plant in Renfrewshire. Conservatism and Unionism was an eminent political force in Scotland in the 1940s and 1950s. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwz005DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Nutritional Treatment of a Young Infant with Cystic Fibrosis Presenting with Severe Kwashiorkor Dermatosis.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

São LeopldoMandic School of Medicine, Clinical Coordin of the Multi-professional Team of Nutritional Therapy at Clinics Hospital - University of Campinas São Paulo, Brazil.

Kwashiorkor in infancy is typically associated to an underlying disease. Edema, a striking feature of this type of malnutrition, can be difficult to assess in this age group. The typical dermatosis of Kwashiorkor is not fully explained the deficiency of one isolated vitamin or micronutrient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz008DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Premature Infant with Haemophilus parainfluenzae Sepsis: Case Report and Literature Review.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

College of medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia.

Haemophilus parainfluenzae is an unusual causative organism of invasive bacterial infection in adults and children. Mortality and morbidity secondary to Haemophilus parainfluenzae have been documented in the literature. We present a rare case of a premature infant with early onset sepsis caused by Haemophilus parainfluenzae, who was born to a primigravida with chorioamnionitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz010DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Screen Time.

Authors:
Bose Anuradha

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Apr;65(2):105-106

Professor of Paediatrics Christian Medical College, Vellore, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz014DOI Listing

Corrigendum.

Authors:

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz011DOI Listing

Neurodevelopmental Outcomes of Very Low Birth Weight Infants at 18-24 Months, Corrected Gestational Age in a Tertiary Health Centre: A Prospective Cohort Study.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Biostatistics, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Objective: To determine the prevalence and risk factors for poor neurodevelopmental outcome in a cohort of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.

Subjects And Methods: Four hundred and twenty-two infants of a total of 643 VLBW survivors from a teaching hospital in South India were followed up to assess their neurodevelopmental outcomes.

Results: Among the 422 children who completed the assessment, results of 359 children whose assessments were done between 18 and 24 months were analysed. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/tropej/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz006DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads
0.857 Impact Factor

Corrigendum.

Authors:

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz009DOI Listing
February 2019

Factors Impacting Practice of Home Kangaroo Mother Care with Low Birth Weight Infants Following Hospital Discharge.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Save the Children, Health and Nutrition National Support Office, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.

Objective: To identify enablers and barriers related to home Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) adoption after hospital discharge.

Study Design: An exploratory study, using a mixed methods evaluation, followed 60 mother-infant dyads from the hospital ward to 4 weeks post-hospital discharge.

Results: Fifty-three of the mothers (88. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz007DOI Listing
February 2019
0.857 Impact Factor

Sociodemographic Determinants of Preterm Birth and Small for Gestational Age in Rural West Bengal, India.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Hepatology, School of Digestive and Liver Diseases, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA) are major contributors to neonatal mortality in India. However, social determinates of preterm births and SGA are poorly characterized. We use population-based data from a health and demographic surveillance system (HDSS) in rural West Bengal, India, to examine risk factors for preterm birth and SGA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz002DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A Comparison of Point of Care C-Reactive Protein Test to Standard C-Reactive Protein Laboratory Measurement in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Setting.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Neonatal Medicine, Department of Paediatrics, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Biomarkers assist in diagnosing neonatal sepsis but often provide results 6 to 48 h later. Bedside C-reactive protein (CRP) test may help to expedite clinical management. We assessed the performance of point of care test (POCT) CRP against routine laboratory analysis and determined the time difference in obtaining results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy082DOI Listing
January 2019

Preference for Private Sector for Vaccination of Under-Five Children in India and Its Associated Factors: Findings from a Nationally Representative Sample.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India.

Background: Understanding the factors associated with private sector preference for vaccination will help in understanding the barriers in seeking public facility and also the steps to improve public-private partnership (PPP) model.

Methods: We analysed the recent National Family Health Survey-4 data (NFHS-4; 2015-16) gathered from Demographic Health Survey programme. Stratification and clustering in the sample design was accounted using svyset command. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/tropej/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy071DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Goitre Is No Longer Prevalent and Urinary Iodine Excretion Is above Normal among School Going Children in Jabalpur, India: Is This Major Health Problem Already Solved?

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Human Nutrition Unit, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, Delhi, India.

Iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) is a major public health problem in India. We conducted this study to assess goitre prevalence, urinary iodine excretion (UIE) among school children and to determine iodine concentration in salt samples at consumer level, in Jabalpur district. We adopted "30 cluster" sampling, recommended by joint WHO/UNICEF/ICCIDD Consultation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy076DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Lung Lavage with Dilute Surfactant vs. Bolus Surfactant for Meconium Aspiration Syndrome.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Division of Neonatology, Zekai Tahir Burak Maternity Teaching Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of lung lavage with surfactant vs. bolus surfactant treatment in meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS).

Patients And Methods: This randomized controlled trial included newborns ventilated with MAS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy081DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Association of Sunlight Exposure and Consumption of Vitamin D-Rich Foods During Pregnancy with Adverse Birth Outcomes in an African Population.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Jan 27. Epub 2019 Jan 27.

Public Health Research Group, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.

Background: Our objective was to assess whether dietary vitamin D (vitD) intake and sunlight exposure during pregnancy is associated with birth outcomes in a healthy Ghanaian population.

Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study that included 703 mother-infant pairs accessing postnatal services at the five main health facilities in Cape Coast, Ghana was conducted in 2016. Information on sunlight exposure practices and consumption of vitD-rich foods during pregnancy was collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz001DOI Listing
January 2019

'Health Promoting School' Model in Prevention of Vector-Borne Diseases in Odisha: A Pilot Intervention.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Regional Medical Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

We tested 'Health-Promoting School model' for vector-borne diseases (VBDs) through behavioural changes among students in India for better control of the diseases in the community. A total of 1098 students from eight co-ed schools (four controls and four interventions) of Odisha participated in the study. Intervention was 12 h of class room teaching and activities on mosquito dynamics, source identification, prevention and management of VBDs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy077DOI Listing
January 2019
0.857 Impact Factor

Serum C-Reactive Protein Levels in Healthy Neonates in Different Gestational and Postnatal Ages.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Pediatrics, PGIMER, Chandigarh 160012, India.

There is paucity of normative data on serum C-reactive protein (CRP) in neonates. In Part I of study, we compared CRP in healthy neonates (from 28°/7 weeks to 416/7 weeks of gestation) between various gestational and postnatal age groups in first week. We planned recruitment of 50 participants each in 'term', 'late preterm' and 'moderate-to-very preterm' groups, equally divided in '24-95 h' and '96-168 h' postnatal age sub-groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy079DOI Listing
January 2019

Cerebral Hydatid Cyst with Intraventricular Extension: A Case Report.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sirnak State Hospital, Sirnak, Turkey.

Intracranial hydatid cyst is a rare entity, comprising about 2-3% of all hydatid cysts. Similarly, intracranial hydatid cysts account for 1-2% of all intracranial lesions. Clinical symptoms are generally nonspecific and patients usually present with symptoms of increased intracranial pressure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy080DOI Listing
January 2019

The Pattern of Tpeak-Tend Interval and QTdis, and Pdis in Children with Brucellosis.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Pediatrics, Van Yuzuncu Yil Universitiy, Van 65090, Turkey.

Objective: To investigate the effect of inflammation on the conducting system of the heart in patients diagnosed with brucellosis.

Methods: A total of 42 patients diagnosed with brucellosis and 39 age and sex-matched healthy children were enrolled into the study. Pre- and post-treatment electrocardiographic parameters in brucellosis and control group were recorded from an electrocardiogram for each patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy078DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Impact of H1N1 Influenza Vaccination on Child Morbidity in Guinea-Bissau.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Dec 24. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Bandim Health Project, Indepth Network, Bissau, Guinea-Bissau.

Background: In addition to vaccines' specific effects, vaccines may have non-specific effects (NSEs) altering the susceptibility to unrelated infections. Non-live vaccines have been associated with negative NSEs. In 2010, a campaign with the non-live H1N1-influenza vaccine targeted children 6-59 months in Guinea-Bissau. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/tropej/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy075DOI Listing
December 2018
15 Reads

Use of a Developmental Milestone Chart (DMC) in Rural Bangladesh to Educate Health Workers and Stimulate Referral for Early Diagnosis and Intervention.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Discipline of Child and Adolescent Health, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

We aimed to determine the feasibility of using a simplified Developmental Milestone Chart (DMC) for assessment of neurodevelopmental status of children of age ≥1 month and ≤8 years. Participants were assessed by medical practitioners using DMC as part of regular health checkups in three sub-districts in Bangladesh between January and May 2017. Total 256 children were recruited (41. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy073DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Association of Physical Activity and Screen Time with Psychiatric Distress in Children and Adolescents: CASPIAN-IV Study.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Child Department of Pediatrics, Child Growth and Development Research Center, Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Non-communicable Disease, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: There are limited studies about the association of physical activity (PA) and screen time (ST) with psychiatric distress (PD) among children and adolescents including Iranian populations.

Objective: We aimed to examine the independent and combined associations of PA and ST with PD among children and adolescents.

Method: This school-based nationwide survey was carried out among 14 880 students (50. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy063DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Adverse Drug Reactions in Paediatric In-Patients in a South African Tertiary Hospital.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town 8000, South Africa.

Background: The prevalence of adverse drug reaction (ADR) rates in children in sub-Saharan Africa is unknown.

Objectives: To describe the prevalence of ADRs in paediatric in-patients at a tertiary hospital in South Africa.

Methods: This is a prospective study during a 3-month study period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy067DOI Listing
December 2018
0.857 Impact Factor

Routine versus Selective Fortification of Human Milk with Powdered Human Milk Fortifiers in Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) Preterm Infants: A Retrospective Pre-Post Cohort Study.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Paediatrics and Neonatology, Cloudnine Hospital, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to show the effects of routine vs. selective fortification of human milk (HM) on short-term growth and metabolic parameters.

Methods: Single-centre retrospective pre-post cohort study in India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy074DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Global Health Journal Club: The Use of Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) in the Diagnosis of Congenital Malaria.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Yale University, Rwanda Human Resources for Health (HRH) Program, Kigali, Rwanda.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy066DOI Listing
December 2018

Effects of Zinc Combined with Probiotics on Antibiotic-associated Diarrhea Secondary to Childhood Pneumonia.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Pediatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning city, 530021 China.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of zinc combined with probiotics (Bifico) on antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) secondary to pneumonia.

Methods: A total of 50 patients with AAD secondary to pneumonia were randomly divided into a probiotics group (Bifico) and a combined group (zinc combined with Bifico) and 25 pneumonia patients without AAD as the control group. Serum levels of zinc, diamine oxidase (DAO) activity, D-lactate and intestinal flora [Bifidobacterium, Escherichia coli and Bifidobacterium/E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy069DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Unmet Needs in Nutritional Care in African Paediatric Oncology Units.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Up to 50% of children diagnosed with cancer in low- and middle-income countries are malnourished, which likely affects survival.

Subjects And Methods: An online survey to paediatric oncology units (POUs) in Africa was done regarding nutritional assessment and care.

Results: Sixty-six surveys were received from POUs in 31 countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy068DOI Listing
November 2018

Review of recently published books relevant to the field of tropical pediatrics.

Authors:
Quique Bassat

J Trop Pediatr 2018 12;64(6):560-561

ISGlobal, Barcelona Ctr. Int. Health Res. (CRESIB), Hospital Clínic - Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmx095DOI Listing
December 2018

Off-label Use in Ambulatory Paediatric Clinics in a Central South African Hospital.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.

Aim: The aim of this article was to determine off-label (OL) use in paediatric ambulatory clinics in a South African central hospital.

Patients And Methods: OL medicine events were documented in three paediatric clinics (general, highly specialized and dedicated HIV paediatric clinics) at Tygerberg Hospital, South Africa, and analysed according to South African medicine registration information.

Results: There were 2167 medicine events for 658 children. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/tropej/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy065DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Acute Kidney Injury Secondary to Severe Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease Caused by Enterovirus-A71: Hypertension Is a Common.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Pediatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.

Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common infectious disease among children, caused primarily by human enterovirus-A71 (EV-A71) and coxsackievirus-A16 (CV-A16). To date, only two case reports mention that renal involvement can be secondary to or coexisting with CV-A16-associated HFMD. In the present report, we describe a 10-year-old girl who was infected with EV-A71 and subsequently developed a definite acute kidney injury (AKI), mainly based on the characteristic rash, virus isolation, eyelid edema, hypertension, decreased urine output, mild proteinuria and impaired renal function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy070DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads
0.857 Impact Factor

Population-level Mortality Associated with HIV Exposure in HIV-uninfected Infants in Botswana and South Africa: A Model-based Evaluation.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Oct 12. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Doctor, Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

We aimed to quantify the contribution of excess mortality in HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) infants to total mortality in HIV-uninfected infants in Botswana and South Africa in 2013. Population attributable fractions (PAFs) and excess infant deaths associated with HIV exposure in HIV-uninfected infants were estimated. Additionally, the Thembisa South African demographic model estimated the proportion of all infant mortality associated with excess mortality in HEU infants from 1990 to 2013. Read More

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http://fdslive.oup.com/www.oup.com/pdf/production_in_progres
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy064DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Corrigendum.

Authors:

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Dec;64(6):562

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy061DOI Listing
December 2018

The Golden 28 Days of Child Survival.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 12;64(6):455-459

Centro de Investigação em Saúde de Manhiça (CISM), Maputo, Mozambique.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy060DOI Listing
December 2018

Zika Virus Infection during Pregnancy and Sensorineural Hearing Loss among Children at 3 and 24 Months Post-Partum.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Sep 25. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Pediatric otolaryngology, Department of Pediatrics, Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia, Floridablanca, Colombia.

Objective: The objectives of this study were to describe the findings of the auditory screening in children of mothers with ZIKV during pregnancy or suspicious of congenital ZIKV, and to determine whether hearing loss was in the first 2 years in life, regardless of whether microcephaly was also present.

Methods: This is a cases report. The information was collected and recorded in a database between January 2016 and April 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy055DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Renal Mucormycosis: A Rare Cause of Urinary Tract Infection Leading to End-stage Renal Disease (ESRD).

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Sep 25. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Division of Pediatric Nephrology and Pediatrics Unit II, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Mucormycosis is a rare fungal infection often seen in immunocompromised hosts. Isolated renal mucormycosis may however present in immunocompetent children as renal failure and has a uniformly poor prognosis if not detected and treated early into the course of illness. We present a 3-year-old boy with unrelenting pyelonephritis in whom serial urine cultures done were negative. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/tropej/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy059DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Comparison of Early Nasal Intermittent Positive Pressure Ventilation and Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in Preterm Infants with Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Sep 17. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Specialist in Neonatology, Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Aims: To compare the effect of early nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (nIPPV) and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) in terms of the need for endotracheal ventilation in the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants born between 24 and 32 gestational weeks.

Methods: This is a randomized, controlled, prospective, single-centered study. Forty-two infants were randomized to nIPPV and 42 comparable infants to nCPAP (birth weight 1356 ± 295 and 1359 ± 246 g and gestational age 29. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy058DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Effect of Environmental Temperature on Serum Sodium Level in Hospitalized Non-critically Ill Children.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Sep 6. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, 270 Rama 6 Road, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Intravenous hypotonic fluid administered in children is associated with an increased risk of developing hyponatremia. This finding has been reported from temperate countries where climate is relatively cold. But whether this risk also occurs in tropical countries has not been elucidated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy056DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Impact of RSV Coinfection on Human Bocavirus in Children with Acute Respiratory Infections.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Sep 6. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Children's Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess epidemiological and clinical features of human bocavirus (HBoV) coinfection with other viruses.

Method: Children coinfected with HBoV between January 2012 and December 2014 were enrolled and retrospectively reviewed.

Result: A total of 984 patients were stratified into five groups: HBoV infection alone (n = 249), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection alone (n = 649), HBoV coinfection with RSV (n = 28), with human rhinovirus (HRV) (n = 39) and with other virus (n = 19). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy057DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Acute flaccid myelitis-Clustering of polio-like illness in the tertiary care centre in Southern India.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Aug 30. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Department of Paediatrics, Indira Gandhi Institute of Child Health, Bengaluru, India.

Introduction: Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) is characterized by limb weakness with spinal cord grey matter lesion on imaging or electrodiagnostic evidence of spinal cord motor neuron injury. This Poliomyelitis-like illness is rare in children, and its natural course is not yet well defined.

Purpose Of The Study: The purpose of the study was to report the clinical presentation, laboratory findings, management and outcome of children with AFM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy052DOI Listing
August 2018
7 Reads
0.860 Impact Factor

Blood Procalcitonin Levels and Duration of Antibiotics in Neonatal Sepsis.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Aug 22. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Senior Resident, Department of Neonatology, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, Delhi, India.

Objective: To determine the time to normalization of procalcitonin (PCT) levels and duration of antibiotics in neonatal sepsis.

Methods: A prospective observational study design was used. The participants included were neonates with sepsis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy053DOI Listing

Correlation between Infantile Colic and Maternal Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy, Breastfeeding Success and Breast Milk Amount.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Aug 21. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Midwifery Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Giresun University, Giresun, Turkey.

Aim: The study was conducted to determine the correlation between infantile colic and maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy, breastfeeding success and breast milk amount.

Materials And Methods: This descriptive study included 154 mothers, with infants of age between 3 weeks and 6 months who were diagnosed with infantile colic and who were admitted to the paediatric outpatient clinics of a hospital located in northern Turkey.

Result: A negative correlation was found between 'parent-infant interaction + problem infant' and 'immature gastrointestinal system' subscales of the Infantile Colic Scale (ICS) and the total mean scores of mothers on the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy054DOI Listing
August 2018
23 Reads

Maternal age, infant age, feeding options, single/multiple pregnancy, type of twin sets and mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Aug 13. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

'Chantal Biya' International Reference Centre for Research on HIV and AIDS Prevention and Management (CIRCB), Yaounde, Cameroon.

Background: Some risk factors for mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV have been identified. To further reduce MTCT, other risk factors were evaluated.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective study on early infant diagnosis was conducted. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/tropej/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy049DOI Listing
August 2018
21 Reads

Reengagement of HIV-infected children lost to follow-up after active mobile phone tracing in a rural area of Mozambique.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Aug 7. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Centro de Investigação em Saúde de Manhiça (CISM), Maputo, Mozambique.

Introduction: Retention in care and reengagement of lost to follow-up (LTFU) patients are priority challenges in pediatric HIV care. We aimed to assess whether a telephone-call active tracing program facilitated reengagement in care (RIC) in the Manhiça District Hospital, Mozambique.

Methods: Telephone tracing of LTFU children was performed from July 2016 to March 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy041DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads