3,772 results match your criteria Journal of Tropical Pediatrics [Journal]


Factors Impacting Practice of Home Kangaroo Mother Care with Low Birth Weight Infants Following Hospital Discharge.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Save the Children, Health and Nutrition National Support Office, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.

Objective: To identify enablers and barriers related to home Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) adoption after hospital discharge.

Study Design: An exploratory study, using a mixed methods evaluation, followed 60 mother-infant dyads from the hospital ward to 4 weeks post-hospital discharge.

Results: Fifty-three of the mothers (88. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz007DOI Listing
February 2019
0.857 Impact Factor

Sociodemographic Determinants of Preterm Birth and Small for Gestational Age in Rural West Bengal, India.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Hepatology, School of Digestive and Liver Diseases, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA) are major contributors to neonatal mortality in India. However, social determinates of preterm births and SGA are poorly characterized. We use population-based data from a health and demographic surveillance system (HDSS) in rural West Bengal, India, to examine risk factors for preterm birth and SGA. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz002DOI Listing
February 2019

A Comparison of Point of Care C-Reactive Protein Test to Standard C-Reactive Protein Laboratory Measurement in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Setting.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Neonatal Medicine, Department of Paediatrics, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Biomarkers assist in diagnosing neonatal sepsis but often provide results 6 to 48 h later. Bedside C-reactive protein (CRP) test may help to expedite clinical management. We assessed the performance of point of care test (POCT) CRP against routine laboratory analysis and determined the time difference in obtaining results. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy082DOI Listing
January 2019

Preference for Private Sector for Vaccination of Under-Five Children in India and Its Associated Factors: Findings from a Nationally Representative Sample.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India.

Background: Understanding the factors associated with private sector preference for vaccination will help in understanding the barriers in seeking public facility and also the steps to improve public-private partnership (PPP) model.

Methods: We analysed the recent National Family Health Survey-4 data (NFHS-4; 2015-16) gathered from Demographic Health Survey programme. Stratification and clustering in the sample design was accounted using svyset command. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/tropej/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy071DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Goitre Is No Longer Prevalent and Urinary Iodine Excretion Is above Normal among School Going Children in Jabalpur, India: Is This Major Health Problem Already Solved?

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Human Nutrition Unit, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, Delhi, India.

Iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) is a major public health problem in India. We conducted this study to assess goitre prevalence, urinary iodine excretion (UIE) among school children and to determine iodine concentration in salt samples at consumer level, in Jabalpur district. We adopted "30 cluster" sampling, recommended by joint WHO/UNICEF/ICCIDD Consultation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy076DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Lung Lavage with Dilute Surfactant vs. Bolus Surfactant for Meconium Aspiration Syndrome.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Division of Neonatology, Zekai Tahir Burak Maternity Teaching Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of lung lavage with surfactant vs. bolus surfactant treatment in meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS).

Patients And Methods: This randomized controlled trial included newborns ventilated with MAS. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy081DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Association of Sunlight Exposure and Consumption of Vitamin D-Rich Foods During Pregnancy with Adverse Birth Outcomes in an African Population.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Jan 27. Epub 2019 Jan 27.

Public Health Research Group, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.

Background: Our objective was to assess whether dietary vitamin D (vitD) intake and sunlight exposure during pregnancy is associated with birth outcomes in a healthy Ghanaian population.

Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study that included 703 mother-infant pairs accessing postnatal services at the five main health facilities in Cape Coast, Ghana was conducted in 2016. Information on sunlight exposure practices and consumption of vitD-rich foods during pregnancy was collected. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz001DOI Listing
January 2019

'Health Promoting School' Model in Prevention of Vector-Borne Diseases in Odisha: A Pilot Intervention.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Regional Medical Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

We tested 'Health-Promoting School model' for vector-borne diseases (VBDs) through behavioural changes among students in India for better control of the diseases in the community. A total of 1098 students from eight co-ed schools (four controls and four interventions) of Odisha participated in the study. Intervention was 12 h of class room teaching and activities on mosquito dynamics, source identification, prevention and management of VBDs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy077DOI Listing
January 2019
0.857 Impact Factor

Serum C-Reactive Protein Levels in Healthy Neonates in Different Gestational and Postnatal Ages.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Pediatrics, PGIMER, Chandigarh 160012, India.

There is paucity of normative data on serum C-reactive protein (CRP) in neonates. In Part I of study, we compared CRP in healthy neonates (from 28°/7 weeks to 416/7 weeks of gestation) between various gestational and postnatal age groups in first week. We planned recruitment of 50 participants each in 'term', 'late preterm' and 'moderate-to-very preterm' groups, equally divided in '24-95 h' and '96-168 h' postnatal age sub-groups. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy079DOI Listing
January 2019

Cerebral Hydatid Cyst with Intraventricular Extension: A Case Report.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sirnak State Hospital, Sirnak, Turkey.

Intracranial hydatid cyst is a rare entity, comprising about 2-3% of all hydatid cysts. Similarly, intracranial hydatid cysts account for 1-2% of all intracranial lesions. Clinical symptoms are generally nonspecific and patients usually present with symptoms of increased intracranial pressure. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy080DOI Listing
January 2019

The Pattern of Tpeak-Tend Interval and QTdis, and Pdis in Children with Brucellosis.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Pediatrics, Van Yuzuncu Yil Universitiy, Van 65090, Turkey.

Objective: To investigate the effect of inflammation on the conducting system of the heart in patients diagnosed with brucellosis.

Methods: A total of 42 patients diagnosed with brucellosis and 39 age and sex-matched healthy children were enrolled into the study. Pre- and post-treatment electrocardiographic parameters in brucellosis and control group were recorded from an electrocardiogram for each patient. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy078DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Impact of H1N1 Influenza Vaccination on Child Morbidity in Guinea-Bissau.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Dec 24. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Bandim Health Project, Indepth Network, Bissau, Guinea-Bissau.

Background: In addition to vaccines' specific effects, vaccines may have non-specific effects (NSEs) altering the susceptibility to unrelated infections. Non-live vaccines have been associated with negative NSEs. In 2010, a campaign with the non-live H1N1-influenza vaccine targeted children 6-59 months in Guinea-Bissau. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/tropej/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy075DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Use of a Developmental Milestone Chart (DMC) in Rural Bangladesh to Educate Health Workers and Stimulate Referral for Early Diagnosis and Intervention.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Discipline of Child and Adolescent Health, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

We aimed to determine the feasibility of using a simplified Developmental Milestone Chart (DMC) for assessment of neurodevelopmental status of children of age ≥1 month and ≤8 years. Participants were assessed by medical practitioners using DMC as part of regular health checkups in three sub-districts in Bangladesh between January and May 2017. Total 256 children were recruited (41. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy073DOI Listing
December 2018

Association of Physical Activity and Screen Time with Psychiatric Distress in Children and Adolescents: CASPIAN-IV Study.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Child Department of Pediatrics, Child Growth and Development Research Center, Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Non-communicable Disease, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: There are limited studies about the association of physical activity (PA) and screen time (ST) with psychiatric distress (PD) among children and adolescents including Iranian populations.

Objective: We aimed to examine the independent and combined associations of PA and ST with PD among children and adolescents.

Method: This school-based nationwide survey was carried out among 14 880 students (50. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy063DOI Listing
December 2018

Adverse Drug Reactions in Paediatric In-Patients in a South African Tertiary Hospital.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town 8000, South Africa.

Background: The prevalence of adverse drug reaction (ADR) rates in children in sub-Saharan Africa is unknown.

Objectives: To describe the prevalence of ADRs in paediatric in-patients at a tertiary hospital in South Africa.

Methods: This is a prospective study during a 3-month study period. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy067DOI Listing
December 2018
0.857 Impact Factor

Routine versus Selective Fortification of Human Milk with Powdered Human Milk Fortifiers in Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) Preterm Infants: A Retrospective Pre-Post Cohort Study.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Paediatrics and Neonatology, Cloudnine Hospital, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to show the effects of routine vs. selective fortification of human milk (HM) on short-term growth and metabolic parameters.

Methods: Single-centre retrospective pre-post cohort study in India. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy074DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Global Health Journal Club: The Use of Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) in the Diagnosis of Congenital Malaria.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Yale University, Rwanda Human Resources for Health (HRH) Program, Kigali, Rwanda.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy066DOI Listing
December 2018

Effects of Zinc Combined with Probiotics on Antibiotic-associated Diarrhea Secondary to Childhood Pneumonia.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Pediatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning city, 530021 China.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of zinc combined with probiotics (Bifico) on antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) secondary to pneumonia.

Methods: A total of 50 patients with AAD secondary to pneumonia were randomly divided into a probiotics group (Bifico) and a combined group (zinc combined with Bifico) and 25 pneumonia patients without AAD as the control group. Serum levels of zinc, diamine oxidase (DAO) activity, D-lactate and intestinal flora [Bifidobacterium, Escherichia coli and Bifidobacterium/E. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy069DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Unmet Needs in Nutritional Care in African Paediatric Oncology Units.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Up to 50% of children diagnosed with cancer in low- and middle-income countries are malnourished, which likely affects survival.

Subjects And Methods: An online survey to paediatric oncology units (POUs) in Africa was done regarding nutritional assessment and care.

Results: Sixty-six surveys were received from POUs in 31 countries. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy068DOI Listing
November 2018

Review of recently published books relevant to the field of tropical pediatrics.

Authors:
Quique Bassat

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Dec;64(6):560-561

ISGlobal, Barcelona Ctr. Int. Health Res. (CRESIB), Hospital Clínic - Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmx095DOI Listing
December 2018

Off-label Use in Ambulatory Paediatric Clinics in a Central South African Hospital.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.

Aim: The aim of this article was to determine off-label (OL) use in paediatric ambulatory clinics in a South African central hospital.

Patients And Methods: OL medicine events were documented in three paediatric clinics (general, highly specialized and dedicated HIV paediatric clinics) at Tygerberg Hospital, South Africa, and analysed according to South African medicine registration information.

Results: There were 2167 medicine events for 658 children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/tropej/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy065DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Acute Kidney Injury Secondary to Severe Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease Caused by Enterovirus-A71: Hypertension Is a Common.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Pediatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.

Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common infectious disease among children, caused primarily by human enterovirus-A71 (EV-A71) and coxsackievirus-A16 (CV-A16). To date, only two case reports mention that renal involvement can be secondary to or coexisting with CV-A16-associated HFMD. In the present report, we describe a 10-year-old girl who was infected with EV-A71 and subsequently developed a definite acute kidney injury (AKI), mainly based on the characteristic rash, virus isolation, eyelid edema, hypertension, decreased urine output, mild proteinuria and impaired renal function. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy070DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read
0.857 Impact Factor

Population-level Mortality Associated with HIV Exposure in HIV-uninfected Infants in Botswana and South Africa: A Model-based Evaluation.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Oct 12. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Doctor, Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

We aimed to quantify the contribution of excess mortality in HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) infants to total mortality in HIV-uninfected infants in Botswana and South Africa in 2013. Population attributable fractions (PAFs) and excess infant deaths associated with HIV exposure in HIV-uninfected infants were estimated. Additionally, the Thembisa South African demographic model estimated the proportion of all infant mortality associated with excess mortality in HEU infants from 1990 to 2013. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://fdslive.oup.com/www.oup.com/pdf/production_in_progres
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy064DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Corrigendum.

Authors:

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Dec;64(6):562

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy061DOI Listing
December 2018

The Golden 28 Days of Child Survival.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 12;64(6):455-459

Centro de Investigação em Saúde de Manhiça (CISM), Maputo, Mozambique.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy060DOI Listing
December 2018

Zika Virus Infection during Pregnancy and Sensorineural Hearing Loss among Children at 3 and 24 Months Post-Partum.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Sep 25. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Pediatric otolaryngology, Department of Pediatrics, Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia, Floridablanca, Colombia.

Objective: The objectives of this study were to describe the findings of the auditory screening in children of mothers with ZIKV during pregnancy or suspicious of congenital ZIKV, and to determine whether hearing loss was in the first 2 years in life, regardless of whether microcephaly was also present.

Methods: This is a cases report. The information was collected and recorded in a database between January 2016 and April 2018. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy055DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Renal Mucormycosis: A Rare Cause of Urinary Tract Infection Leading to End-stage Renal Disease (ESRD).

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Sep 25. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Division of Pediatric Nephrology and Pediatrics Unit II, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Mucormycosis is a rare fungal infection often seen in immunocompromised hosts. Isolated renal mucormycosis may however present in immunocompetent children as renal failure and has a uniformly poor prognosis if not detected and treated early into the course of illness. We present a 3-year-old boy with unrelenting pyelonephritis in whom serial urine cultures done were negative. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/tropej/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy059DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Comparison of Early Nasal Intermittent Positive Pressure Ventilation and Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in Preterm Infants with Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Sep 17. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Specialist in Neonatology, Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Aims: To compare the effect of early nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (nIPPV) and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) in terms of the need for endotracheal ventilation in the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants born between 24 and 32 gestational weeks.

Methods: This is a randomized, controlled, prospective, single-centered study. Forty-two infants were randomized to nIPPV and 42 comparable infants to nCPAP (birth weight 1356 ± 295 and 1359 ± 246 g and gestational age 29. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy058DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Effect of Environmental Temperature on Serum Sodium Level in Hospitalized Non-critically Ill Children.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Sep 6. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, 270 Rama 6 Road, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Intravenous hypotonic fluid administered in children is associated with an increased risk of developing hyponatremia. This finding has been reported from temperate countries where climate is relatively cold. But whether this risk also occurs in tropical countries has not been elucidated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy056DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Impact of RSV Coinfection on Human Bocavirus in Children with Acute Respiratory Infections.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Sep 6. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Children's Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess epidemiological and clinical features of human bocavirus (HBoV) coinfection with other viruses.

Method: Children coinfected with HBoV between January 2012 and December 2014 were enrolled and retrospectively reviewed.

Result: A total of 984 patients were stratified into five groups: HBoV infection alone (n = 249), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection alone (n = 649), HBoV coinfection with RSV (n = 28), with human rhinovirus (HRV) (n = 39) and with other virus (n = 19). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy057DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Acute flaccid myelitis-Clustering of polio-like illness in the tertiary care centre in Southern India.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Aug 30. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Department of Paediatrics, Indira Gandhi Institute of Child Health, Bengaluru, India.

Introduction: Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) is characterized by limb weakness with spinal cord grey matter lesion on imaging or electrodiagnostic evidence of spinal cord motor neuron injury. This Poliomyelitis-like illness is rare in children, and its natural course is not yet well defined.

Purpose Of The Study: The purpose of the study was to report the clinical presentation, laboratory findings, management and outcome of children with AFM. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy052DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads
0.860 Impact Factor

Blood Procalcitonin Levels and Duration of Antibiotics in Neonatal Sepsis.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Aug 22. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Senior Resident, Department of Neonatology, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, Delhi, India.

Objective: To determine the time to normalization of procalcitonin (PCT) levels and duration of antibiotics in neonatal sepsis.

Methods: A prospective observational study design was used. The participants included were neonates with sepsis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy053DOI Listing

Correlation between Infantile Colic and Maternal Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy, Breastfeeding Success and Breast Milk Amount.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Aug 21. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Midwifery Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Giresun University, Giresun, Turkey.

Aim: The study was conducted to determine the correlation between infantile colic and maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy, breastfeeding success and breast milk amount.

Materials And Methods: This descriptive study included 154 mothers, with infants of age between 3 weeks and 6 months who were diagnosed with infantile colic and who were admitted to the paediatric outpatient clinics of a hospital located in northern Turkey.

Result: A negative correlation was found between 'parent-infant interaction + problem infant' and 'immature gastrointestinal system' subscales of the Infantile Colic Scale (ICS) and the total mean scores of mothers on the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy054DOI Listing
August 2018
13 Reads

Maternal age, infant age, feeding options, single/multiple pregnancy, type of twin sets and mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Aug 13. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

'Chantal Biya' International Reference Centre for Research on HIV and AIDS Prevention and Management (CIRCB), Yaounde, Cameroon.

Background: Some risk factors for mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV have been identified. To further reduce MTCT, other risk factors were evaluated.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective study on early infant diagnosis was conducted. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/tropej/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy049DOI Listing
August 2018
19 Reads

Reengagement of HIV-infected children lost to follow-up after active mobile phone tracing in a rural area of Mozambique.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Aug 7. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Centro de Investigação em Saúde de Manhiça (CISM), Maputo, Mozambique.

Introduction: Retention in care and reengagement of lost to follow-up (LTFU) patients are priority challenges in pediatric HIV care. We aimed to assess whether a telephone-call active tracing program facilitated reengagement in care (RIC) in the Manhiça District Hospital, Mozambique.

Methods: Telephone tracing of LTFU children was performed from July 2016 to March 2017. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy041DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Collagenous gastritis: An unusual cause of generalized oedema in a child.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Aug 3. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Collagenous gastritis is an uncommon gastrointestinal disease in children. Its cause remains uncertain. It may present as severe hypoproteinaemia manifesting as generalized oedema. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/tropej/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy048DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads

Predictors of uptake of newly introduced vaccines in Malawi - monovalent human rotavirus and pneumococcal conjugate vaccines: Evidence from the 2015-16 Malawi demographic and health survey.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Aug 3. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Training and Research Unit of Excellence (TRUE), Public Health Department, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Private Bag 360, Chichiri, Blantyre, Malawi.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the uptake and predictors of monovalent human rotavirus and pneumococcal conjugate vaccines among children of age 12-35 months in Malawi.

Methods: This study used cross-sectional data obtained from the 2015-16 Malawi Demographic and Health Survey. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the factors related to uptake of pneumococcal and rotavirus vaccination. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy050DOI Listing

Acute hemodynamic effects of methylxanthine therapy in preterm neonates: Effect of variations in subgroups.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Jul 30. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Neonatology Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Madhav Nagar, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Background: Methylxanthines have cardiac stimulant effects. The current study aimed to compare acute hemodynamic changes between caffeine and aminophylline in ≤34 weeks' preterm neonates.

Methods: The study was performed using information on echocardiography measurements from preterm neonates recruited for apnea of prematurity (75 of 240) and preventing extubation failure (113 of 156) studies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy044DOI Listing
July 2018
9 Reads
0.860 Impact Factor

Rhabdomyolysis in children: Three exotic presentations from Suriname.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Jul 30. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Scientific Research Center Suriname, Academic Hospital Paramaribo, Paramaribo, Suriname.

We describe three clinical cases of Surinamese children with rhabdomyolysis with diverse clinical presentation and course. The first patient had rhabdomyolysis because of toxins caused by multiple beestings and developed acute kidney injury. The other two patients had rhabdomyolysis following acute infection with chikungunya and influenza A/H1N1 virus. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy043DOI Listing

Enablers of adherence to clinic appointments for children attending an antiretroviral clinic in Northern Nigeria: Perspectives of caregivers and care providers.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Jul 31. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Department of Paediatrics, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital (ABUTH), Shika, Zaria, Nigeria.

Background: Nigeria has the highest burden of paediatric HIV infection, and the success of control efforts in the country is crucial to the global control of the HIV epidemic. However, defaults from schedules of care pose a threat to paediatric HIV control in Nigeria. This study was conducted in a pioneer facility for the implementation of the National HIV Prevention and Treatment Programmes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy047DOI Listing

Tuberculous Adrenal Abscess Presenting as Adrenal Insufficiency in a 4-Year-Old Boy.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Jul 27. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Bai Jerbai Wadia Hospital for Children, Mumbai, India.

We describe the case of a 4.8-year-old boy who presented with adrenal crisis. The advent of symptoms of adrenal insufficiency in the patient was at around 2 years of age. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy046DOI Listing
July 2018
5 Reads
0.860 Impact Factor

The Scientific Integrity of Journal Publications in the Age of 'Fake News'.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 10;64(5):360-363

ISGlobal, Hospital Clínic, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy039DOI Listing
October 2018

Is the association of weight disorders with perceived health status and life satisfaction independent of physical activity in children and adolescents? The CASPIAN-IV Study.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Jul 24. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Child Department of Pediatrics, Child Growth and Development Research Center, Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Non-communicable Disease, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Physical activity (PA) and weight status have been suggested as predictors of life satisfaction (LS) and perceived health status (PHS). Therefore the present study aims to investigate and compare the impacts of body mass index (BMI) and PA on LS and PHS in a population of Iranian children and adolescents.

Material And Methods: This study was conducted in 2011-12 as a nationwide population-based study among 14 880 students of age 6-18 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy042DOI Listing

Pediatric empyema thoracis: What has changed over a decade?

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Jul 24. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Department of Pediatrics, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Objectives: The purposes of this paper are to study clinicobacteriological profile, treatment modalities and outcome of pediatric empyema thoracis and to identify changes over a decade.

Design: This is a retrospective study.

Setting: Department of Pediatrics of a tertiary care hospital in North India. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy040DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads
0.860 Impact Factor

Underlying Diseases and Causative Microorganisms of Recurrent Pneumonia in Children: A 13-Year Study in a University Hospital.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Jul 12. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Ankara University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey.

Pneumonia is a significant cause of death for children, particularly those in developing countries. The records of children who were hospitalized because of pneumonia between January 2003 and December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed, and patients who met the recurrent pneumonia criteria were included in this study. During this 13-year period, 1395 patients were hospitalized with pneumonia; of these, 129 (9. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/tropej/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy037DOI Listing
July 2018
6 Reads

Performances of the IDEIA HpStAR Stool Antigen Test in Detection of Helicobacter pylori Infection Before and After Eradication Treatment in Algerian Children.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Jul 10. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Service de Pédiatrie, Hôpital N. Hamoud CHU Hussein Dey, Algiers, Algeria.

We aimed to evaluate in an Algerian pediatric population the diagnostic performances of the IDEIA HpStAR noninvasive stool antigen test (Oxoid, Cambridge, UK) to detect Helicobacter pylori infection before and after eradication therapy. A prospective study including 158 symptomatic Algerian children was conducted. Patients were initially diagnosed with invasive (culture, histology, and rapid urease test) and noninvasive tests (urea breath test and IDEIA HpStAR test). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy035DOI Listing
July 2018
4 Reads

High Frequency of Cardiovascular Complications in Tunisian Kawasaki Disease Patients: Need for a Further Awareness.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Jul 5. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Pediatric Department, La Rabta Hospital, Faculty of Medecine of Tunis, University of Tunis El Manar, 1007 Jabberi, Jebal Lakhdhar, Tunis, Tunisia.

Background: The outcome of Kawasaki disease (KD) depends on cardiovascular complications (CVCs).

Objectives: This study aimed to explore diagnostic features and CVCs in Tunisian patients with KD.

Methods: In total, 33 Tunisian patients (age, 2. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy036DOI Listing
July 2018
6 Reads

Prevalence and Pattern of Psychosocial Disorders among Caregivers of HIV-infected Children in Enugu, South-Eastern Nigeria.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Apr 17. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

Department of Paediatrics, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria.

Background: Nigeria has the highest burden of paediatric HIV in the world. HIV infection may result in significant life stressors, on both the infected children and their caregivers.

Methods: This included a hospital-based cross-sectional and comparative study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy019DOI Listing
April 2018
2 Reads

Course of Illness after Viral Infection in Indian Children with Cystic Fibrosis.

J Trop Pediatr 2018 Jun 9. Epub 2018 Jun 9.

Pediatric Pulmonology Division, Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi 110029, India.

Objective: To study the clinical impact of respiratory viral infection in children with cystic fibrosis (CF).

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Tertiary care referral centre for CF in India. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy033DOI Listing
June 2018
14 Reads