1,460 results match your criteria Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs [Journal]


Distinguishing Characteristics of E-Cigarette Users Who Attempt and Fail to Quit: Dependence, Perceptions, and Affective Vulnerability.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2019 Jan;80(1):134-140

Department of Psychology, University of Houston, Houston, Texas.

Objective: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are a prevalent form of substance use among adults. Because of the novelty of e-cigarettes, users may not fully understand the consequences of long-term use and the potential difficulties involved with quitting e-cigarettes. Given the projected rise in the use of e-cigarettes, it is important to understand possible contributing factors that may influence e-cigarette quit difficulty. Read More

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January 2019

Early Paternal Support Behaviors Moderate Consonant Smoking Among Unmarried Parents.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2019 Jan;80(1):129-133

School of Social Work, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Objective: Unmarried mothers have high rates of smoking, including during late pregnancy and after pregnancy, thus increasing their children's risk for negative health outcomes associated with maternal tobacco use. Few studies have examined whether partners' smoking exacerbates or attenuates maternal smoking risk. The current study examines how fathers' behaviors during the third trimester of pregnancy and after pregnancy influence maternal smoking across the first 9 years of a child's life. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396514PMC
January 2019

Alcohol or Marijuana First? Correlates and Associations With Frequency of Use at Age 17 Among Black and White Girls.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2019 Jan;80(1):120-128

Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Objective: Black youth are more likely than White youth to deviate from the typical sequence of initiating alcohol use before marijuana use. Although potentially informative for prevention efforts, sources of variation in the sequence of alcohol relative to marijuana use initiation and associations of initiation patterns with frequency of use have rarely been examined.

Method: Data were drawn from 2,166 Pittsburgh Girls Study participants (56. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396512PMC
January 2019

High Risk of Alcohol-Impaired Driving in Adults With Comorbid Alcohol and Substance Use Disorders in the U.S. Population.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2019 Jan;80(1):114-119

Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.

Objective: Alcohol-impaired driving is a significant source of injury and morbidity in the United States. People with alcohol use disorder (AUD) are more likely to drive while impaired by alcohol than their nonclinical counterparts. Less is known about rates of impaired driving in people with AUD and a comorbid substance use disorder (SUD). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396510PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Screening in Primary Care for Alcohol Use Compared With Smoking, Diet, and Physical Activity: A Repeated Population Survey in Sweden.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2019 Jan;80(1):109-113

Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objective: Screening and brief intervention in primary care for hazardous alcohol use is potentially a means to improve public health but is seldom implemented. There are few comparisons with general practitioner screening for other lifestyle habits.

Method: Repeated cross-sectional surveys from 2004, 2008, and 2012 in Sweden were used (N = 28,935) to document general practitioner visitors' reports on being asked and advised about alcohol, tobacco, diet, and physical activity when visiting primary care. Read More

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January 2019

The Relationship Between Risk Factors and Alcohol and Marijuana Use Outcomes Among Concurrent Users: A Comprehensive Examination of Protective Behavioral Strategies.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2019 Jan;80(1):102-108

Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, and Addictions, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Objective: Among college samples, both alcohol and marijuana protective behavioral strategies (PBS) have been shown to mediate the effects of known risk factors (i.e., sex, age at substance use onset, college substance use beliefs, substance use motives, and impulsivity-like traits) on alcohol and marijuana outcomes. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396518PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Can Inhibitory Training Produce Reductions in Drinking? Evaluating the Influence of the Control Condition.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2019 Jan;80(1):96-101

National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: Training in an inhibitory control task has produced reductions in alcohol use among heavy drinkers. However, the longevity of effects remains unknown, and much research has used suboptimal control conditions. Here, we assess the effectiveness of "Beer-NoGo" inhibitory training to reduce consumption up to 4 weeks after training compared with a "Beer-Go" control task, an online version of the Brief Alcohol Intervention (BAI), and an Oddball control condition. Read More

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January 2019
10 Reads

Working Memory Performance Following Acute Alcohol: Replication and Extension of Dose by Age Interactions.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2019 Jan;80(1):86-95

Department of Psychiatry, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Objective: Despite the substantial number of older adult drinkers, few studies have examined acute alcohol effects in aging samples. We have explored these interactions across a variety of neurobehavioral domains and modalities and have consistently observed age-contingent vulnerabilities to alcohol-associated decrements in neurobehavioral functions. However, these studies have not been sufficiently powered to address sex differences, and, thus far, no attempt has been made to replicate results. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396508PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Contributions of an Internalizing Symptoms Polygenic Risk Score and Contextual Factors to Alcohol-Related Disorders in African American Young Adults.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2019 Jan;80(1):77-85

Department of Biostatistical Sciences, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

Objective: Alcohol-related disorders (i.e., abuse and dependence) are significant problems that may result in numerous negative consequences. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396519PMC
January 2019

Exposure to Alcohol Use in Movies and Problematic Use of Alcohol: A Longitudinal Study Among Latin American Adolescents.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2019 Jan;80(1):69-76

Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina.

Objective: This study assesses the association between exposure to alcohol in movies and alcohol use transitions among Latin American adolescents.

Method: A school-based longitudinal study involving 33 secondary schools in Argentina and 57 in Mexico was performed. The baseline sample included 1,504 never drinker adolescents in Argentina and 5,264 in Mexico (mean age = 12. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396517PMC
January 2019

Alcohol, Age, and Mortality: Estimating Selection Bias Due to Premature Death.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2019 Jan;80(1):63-68

Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.

Objective: Alcohol use causes approximately 10% of deaths among adults ages 20-65 in the United States. Although previous research has demonstrated differential age-related risk relationships, it is difficult to estimate the magnitude of selection bias attributable to premature mortality based on existing cohort studies, the average age of which is greater than 50 years. The objective of our study was to assess the distribution of mortality-related harms and benefits from alcohol among adults ages 20 and older in comparison with the distribution among those older than age 50. Read More

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January 2019

Vaporization of Marijuana Among Recreational Users: A Qualitative Study.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2019 Jan;80(1):56-62

Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Brown University School of Public Heath, Providence, Rhode Island.

Objective: Vaporization of marijuana products, or "vaping," has become a prevalent mode of administration and is typically perceived to hold unique benefits compared to combustible administration methods. Such positive beliefs regarding marijuana vaporization may contribute to its abuse liability. This qualitative study examined cognitions pertaining to vaping among recreational marijuana users. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396515PMC
January 2019

Modes of Marijuana Consumption Among Colorado High School Students Before and After the Initiation of Retail Marijuana Sales for Adults.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2019 Jan;80(1):46-55

Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.

Objective: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of different modes of marijuana consumption (e.g., smoking, ingesting) overall and by sociodemographic factors, marijuana-related perceptions, and other substance use among adolescents, as well as to characterize differences in the usual mode of consumption before and after the initiation of retail marijuana sales in 2014. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396509PMC
January 2019

Do Users of Diverted Medical Cannabis Differ From Other Cannabis Users?

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2019 Jan;80(1):42-45

School of Public Health, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Israel.

Objective: Policy discussions amidst recent changes in the legal status of cannabis for medical purposes have raised concerns regarding the diversion of medical cannabis to nonlicensed users. This study examined factors that predict frequency of use of diverted medical cannabis.

Method: Data were collected from an online convenience sample of 1,387 cannabis users in Israel. Read More

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January 2019

Exploring Cannabis-Specific Parenting as a Mechanism of the Intergenerational Transmission of Cannabis Use and Cannabis Use Disorder.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2019 Jan;80(1):32-41

Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona.

Objective: Parental cannabis use disorder (CUD) is a known risk factor in the development of adolescent cannabis use. One potential mechanism is parenting behaviors. This study considered cannabis-specific parenting strategies as a mechanism of the relation between parental CUD and adolescent cannabis use. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396513PMC
January 2019

Differential Role of Cannabis Use Motives in Predicting Impairment Across Three Measures.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2019 Jan;80(1):26-31

Department of Psychology, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama.

Objective: Previous research has demonstrated the utility of motivational models of cannabis use to predict the frequency of use and associated negative consequences. However, few existing studies have simultaneously investigated a range of motives across different measures of use-related problems, which limit the ability to assess the differential role various motives play. The purpose of the current study was to examine cannabis use motives as predictors of three measures of cannabis use risk. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Reasons High School Students Use Marijuana: Prevalence and Correlations With Use Across Four Decades.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2019 Jan;80(1):15-25

Human Development and Family Studies, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania.

Objective: Changes in the legality and prevalence of marijuana raise questions about whether adolescents' reasons for using marijuana and associations between reasons for use and recent marijuana use have changed historically.

Method: Using nationally representative data from Monitoring the Future for 1976-2016 (N = 39,964; 47.6% female), we examined changes in self-reported reasons for marijuana use and in the associations between reasons for use and past-30-day marijuana use among 12th graders who used marijuana in the past 12 months. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396516PMC
January 2019

Do Differences in Learning Performance Precede or Follow Initiation of Marijuana Use?

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2019 Jan;80(1):5-14

Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objective: Studies examining cross-sectional associations between age at marijuana initiation and memory deficits yield mixed results. Because longitudinal data are sparse, controversy continues regarding whether these deficits reflect premorbid risk factors or sequelae of early marijuana initiation; here, we examine this question in a community sample followed since birth.

Method: Masked examiners administered four subtests of the Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning (WRAML/WRAML2) from childhood until young adulthood to 119 urban, predominantly African American participants. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396511PMC
January 2019

Needs-Based Planning for Substance Use Treatment Systems: Progress, Prospects, and the Search for a New Perspective.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:154-160

Département de psychoeducation, UQTR/Centre universitaire de Québec, Québec, QC, Canada.

Abstract: The articles presented in this issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs (Supplement No. 18) describe the rapid improvements over the past decade in methods, theories, and data systems used for needs-based planning of addiction treatment services. In this concluding essay, the editors describe the progress, prospects, and implications of this new wave of research. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377025PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

System Performance Measurement: Implications for Service Planning.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:152-153

Department of Psychiatry, McGill University Douglas Hospital Research Center, 6875 LaSalle Blvd., Montreal (Québec), Canada, H4H 1R3.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377012PMC
January 2019

The Experience of the Treatment Demand Indicator in Europe: A Common Monitoring Tool Across 30 Countries.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:139-151

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Lisbon, Portugal.

Objective: The article describes an epidemiological indicator called Treatment Demand Indicator (TDI). The TDI aims to provide professionals and researchers with a common European methodology for collecting and reporting core data on drug users in contact with treatment services. The article discusses the implementation of the TDI in the European countries and describes the main results, limitations, and future perspectives. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377015PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

A Mixed-Methods Evaluation of the Implementation of a Performance Measurement System for South Africa's Substance Use Treatment Services.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:131-138

Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Objective: Minimal knowledge exists on the factors that affect implementation of performance measurement systems, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). To address this, we describe the implementation of a performance measurement system for South Africa's substance abuse treatment services known as the Service Quality Measures (SQM) initiative.

Method: We conducted a mixed-methods evaluation of system implementation. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377018PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Performance Measurement in Mental Health and Addictions Systems: A Scoping Review.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:114-130

Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate how performance is defined, conceptualized, and measured in mental health and addiction service systems around the world.

Method: We conducted a systematic scoping review of English-language scientific and gray literature published from 2005 to 2015. Eligible documents (n = 222) described performance measurement systems and outlined the theory or empirical evidence for indicators. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377020PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

The Need for Needs-Based Planning: A Commentary.

Authors:
Jeremy W Bray

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:112-113

Department of Economics, UNC Greensboro, Bryan School of Business and Economics, 462 Bryan Building, P.O. Box 26170, Greensboro NC 27402-6170.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377014PMC
January 2019

Addiction Treatment: Who Needs It?

Authors:
Colin Drummond

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:110-111

Professor of Addiction Psychiatry, National Addiction Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London 4 Windsor Walk, London SE5 8BB, United Kingdom.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377019PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Modeling the Potential Impact of Changing Access Rates to Specialist Treatment for Alcohol Dependence for Local Authorities in England: The Specialist Treatment for Alcohol Model (STreAM).

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:96-109

King's College London Clinical and Evidence Review Team, Addictions Department, National Addiction Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, England.

Objective: We modeled the impact of changing Specialist Treatment Access Rates to different treatment pathways on the future prevalence of alcohol dependence, treatment outcomes, service capacity, costs, and mortality.

Method: Local Authority numbers and the prevalence of people "potentially in need of assessment for and treatment in specialist services for alcohol dependence" (PINASTFAD) are estimated by mild, moderate, severe, and complex needs. Administrative data were used to estimate the Specialist Treatment Access Rate per PINASTFAD person and classify 22 different treatment pathways. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377021PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Estimating Service Needs for Alcohol and Other Drug Users According to a Tiered Framework: The Case of the São Paulo, Brazil, Metropolitan Area.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:87-95

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to estimate the need for population-level services for alcohol and other drug abuse in support of local planning.

Method: Data were drawn from a subsample of 2,942 interviewees from the São Paulo Megacity Study, which evaluated mental health in the general population (18 years and older) of residents in the São Paulo metropolitan area. This population was classified into five hierarchical categories of severity, making it possible to obtain estimates of need for services, combining evaluation criteria regarding drug and alcohol use and general and mental health comorbidities over the last 12 months. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377023PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Estimating the Needs of Substance Problem Use Services: An Exercise in Seven Finnish Municipalities Using Nationally Collected, Municipal-Level Survey and Register Data†.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:76-86

Alcohol, Drugs, and Addictions Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Tampere, Finland.

Objective: The needs of substance problem use services (SPUSs) should ideally be assessed locally to support the provision of appropriate, cost-effective services for the population. In this article we present a model for estimating the adult population's potential needs for and actual use of SPUSs. We used Finnish survey and register data as material for a qualitative assessment. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377011PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Estimation of Needs for Addiction Services: A Youth Model.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:64-75

Département de psychoéducation, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Québec City, Québec, Canada.

Objective: In the field of health care services, resource allocation is increasingly determined based on a population needs model. Although service needs models have been developed for adults with substance use problems, it would seem inappropriate to apply them indiscriminately to young people.

Method: The method used proposes six steps: (1) targeting the population, (2) estimating the proportion of the population affected by substance misuse and (3) the proportion of youths who should receive services, (4) identifying categories of services, (5) estimating the proportions of youths who should have access to each category of services, and (6) applying the model to real use of services by youths to recalibrate it. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377010PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Development of a Needs-Based Planning Model to Estimate Required Capacity of a Substance Use Treatment System.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:51-63

Pathways Research, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Objective: Substance use services and supports have traditionally been funded without the benefit of a comprehensive, quantitative planning model closely aligned with population needs. This article describes the methodology used to develop and refine key features of such a model, gives an overview of the resulting Canadian prototype, and offers examples and lessons learned in pilot work.

Method: The need for treatment was defined according to five categories of problem severity derived from national survey data and anticipated levels of help-seeking estimated from a narrative synthesis of international literature. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377026PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Measuring Unmet Demand for Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment: The Application of an Australian Population-Based Planning Model.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:42-50

Drug Policy Modelling Program, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: The estimation of demand for treatment is one of the important elements in planning for alcohol and other drug treatment services. This article reports on a demand-projection model used in Australia to estimate the extent of unmet treatment demand by drug type.

Method: The model incorporated the prevalence of substance use disorders (by drug type and age), with the application of a severity distribution, which distributed the substance abuse disorders into three disability categories: mild, moderate, and severe. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377016PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Two Polar Considerations in Treatment System Planning: Infrastructure Development and Real-Time Management.

Authors:
Arnie Aldridge

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:40-41

RTI International, 3040 E. Cornwallis Rd., Research Triangle Park, NC 27709.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377017PMC
January 2019

Why Research Should Pay Attention to Effects of Marketization of Addiction Treatment Systems.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:31-39

Department of Public Health Sciences & Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD), Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objective: Researchers generally assume that addiction treatment systems can be viewed as entities and planned with the citizens' best interests in mind. We argue that another steering principle, the market logic, has permeated many Western World treatment systems but is neglected in research. We demonstrate how it may affect system-level planning, service provision, and the service users. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377013PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Key Considerations in Planning for Substance Use Treatment: Estimating Treatment Need and Demand.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:22-30

Drug Policy Modelling Program, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Randwick, NSW, Australia.

Objective: Estimates of the extent of treatment need (defined by the presence of a diagnosis for which there is an effective treatment available) and treatment demand (defined as treatment seeking) are essential parts of effective treatment planning, service provision, and treatment funding. This article reviews the existing literature on approaches to estimating need and demand and the use of models to inform such estimation, and then considers the implications for health planners.

Method: A thematic review of the literature was undertaken, with a focus on covering the key concepts and research methods that have been used to date. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377022PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Seven Core Principles of Substance Use Treatment System Design to Aid in Identifying Strengths, Gaps, and Required Enhancements.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:9-21

Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia, and School of Public Health and Social Policy, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.

Objective: System planners and funders encounter many challenges in taking action toward evidence-informed enhancement of substance use treatment systems. Researchers are increasingly asked to contribute expertise to these processes through comprehensive system reviews. In this role, all parties can benefit from guiding frameworks to help organize key questions and data collection activities, and thereby set the stage for both high-level and on-the-ground strategic directions and recommendations. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377009PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Needs-Based Planning for Substance Use Treatment Systems: The New Generation of Principles, Methods, and Models.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:5-8

Department of Community Medicine & Health Care, UConn Health, Farmington, Connecticut.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377024PMC
January 2019
17 Reads

Alcohol Use and Risk of Related Problems Among Cannabis Users Is Lower Among Those With Medical Cannabis Recommendations, Though Not Due To Health.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2018 Nov;79(6):935-942

Alcohol Research Group, Public Health Institute, Emeryville, California.

Objective: A small body of work has started developing cannabis use "typologies" for use in treatment and prevention. Two potentially relevant dimensions for classifying cannabis use typologies are medical versus recreational cannabis use and the co-use of cannabis and alcohol. Here we compare alcohol use and related problems between cannabis users with and without medical cannabis recommendations. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6308166PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Elevated Behavioral Economic Demand for Alcohol in Co-Users of Alcohol and Cannabis.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2018 Nov;79(6):929-934

Peter Boris Centre for Addictions Research, McMaster University & St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: Co-use of cannabis and alcohol is associated with increased drinking and other negative consequences relative to use of alcohol alone. One potential explanation for these differences is overvaluation of alcohol (e.g. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6308178PMC
November 2018
10 Reads

Distress Tolerance and Craving for Cigarettes Among Heavy Drinking Smokers.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2018 Nov;79(6):918-928

Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California.

Objective: Heavy drinking smokers experience significant difficulties with smoking cessation. Craving is closely tied to relapses during cessation attempts, and alcohol consumption increases cigarette craving among heavy drinking smokers. To date, however, few moderators of the relationship between craving and relapse have been identified. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6308171PMC
November 2018

Barriers and Facilitators to Implementation of Pharmacotherapy for Opioid Use Disorders in VHA Residential Treatment Programs.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2018 Nov;79(6):909-917

Center for Innovation to Implementation, Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Palo Alto Health Care System, Menlo Park, California.

Objective: Despite evidence of effectiveness, pharmacotherapy-methadone, buprenorphine, or naltrexone-is prescribed to less than 35% of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patients diagnosed with opioid use disorder (OUD). Among veterans whose OUD treatment is provided in VHA residential programs, factors influencing pharmacotherapy implementation are unknown. We examined barriers to and facilitators of pharmacotherapy for OUD among patients diagnosed with OUD in VHA residential programs to inform the development of implementation strategies to improve medication receipt. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6308173PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Investigating the Social Ecological Contexts of Opioid Use Disorder and Poisoning Hospitalizations in Pennsylvania.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2018 Nov;79(6):899-908

Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Berkeley, California.

Objective: Opioid use disorder (OUD) and overdose rates have been sharply on the rise in the United States. Although systematic patterns of geographic variation in OUD and opioid overdose have been identified, the factors that explain why opioid-related hospitalizations increase in certain areas are not well understood.

Method: We examined Pennsylvania Health Care Cost Containment Council (PHC4) hospital inpatient discharge data at the ZIP code level to measure the geographic growth and spread of OUD as measured by 44 quarters of inpatient hospitalization data (from 2004 through 2014) for the entire state of Pennsylvania (n = 16,275 ZIP codes). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6308174PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Prescription-, Illicit-, and Self-Harm Opioid Overdose Cases Treated in Hospital.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2018 Nov;79(6):893-898

Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York.

Objective: Research suggests unintentional overdose on prescription drugs and intentional self-harm cases differ fundamentally from unintentional illicit drug overdoses, but there are few data on opioid overdose per se.

Method: We analyzed consecutive opioid overdose patients age 13 and over (N = 435) treated by a toxicology consult service to compare three poisoning groups: unintentional illicit drug (illicit, n = 128), unintentional prescription drug (prescription, n = 217), and intentional self-harm (self-harm, n = 90). The groups were compared on key characteristics of the poisoning events (severity, co-ingestion of non-opioid) and the hospital-based treatments required to manage the poisonings (use of antidote, provision of pharmacological support). Read More

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November 2018

Television and Magazine Alcohol Advertising: Exposure and Trends by Sex and Age.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2018 Nov;79(6):881-892

University of Hawaii at Mānoa, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to document exposure to alcohol advertising by sex, age, and the level and type of alcohol people consume.

Method: We use unique marketing survey data that link the media individuals consume and advertising appearing in those media. Our sample of 306,451 men and women represents the population age 18 and older living in the 48 contiguous United States between 1996 and 2009. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6308172PMC
November 2018

Risk of Alcohol-Related Injury: Does Societal Drinking Context Make a Difference?

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2018 Nov;79(6):876-880

Alcohol Research Group, Emeryville, California.

Objective: The aim of this study is to examine whether country-level frequency of drinking in a public context and in a private context is associated with rates of alcohol-related injury in emergency department studies from those same countries.

Method: Emergency department data on 5,104 injured patients in 10 countries from the International Collaborative Alcohol and Injury Study (ICAIS) and aggregate level drinking context data from the Gender, Alcohol and Culture: An International Study (GENACIS) are analyzed. The association of societal drinking context (public and private) with variation in the rate of self-reported drinking before injury is examined using multilevel modeling. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6308177PMC
November 2018

Collegiate Binge Drinking and Social Media Use Among Hispanics and Non-Hispanics.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2018 Nov;79(6):868-875

School of Journalism and Mass Communication, Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas.

Objective: College students' reliance on social media is both a risk factor for alcohol-related problems and a possible avenue for intervention. Greater understanding of students' social media habits in relation to drinking may lead to more effective prevention efforts. This study examined the use of alcohol and social media in Hispanic and non-Hispanic college students with and without a history of binge drinking. Read More

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November 2018
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2.760 Impact Factor

U.S. College Students' Social Network Characteristics and Perceived Social Exclusion: A Comparison Between Drinkers and Nondrinkers Based on Past-Month Alcohol Use.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2018 Nov;79(6):862-867

Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.

Objective: There is a general perception on college campuses that alcohol use is normative. However, nondrinking students account for 40% of the U.S. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6308176PMC
November 2018

Substance Use Disorders Among Veterans in a Nationally Representative Sample: Prevalence and Associated Functioning and Treatment Utilization.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2018 Nov;79(6):853-861

Center for the Study of Healthcare Innovation, Implementation & Policy, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, California.

Objective: Several epidemiological studies have reported that veterans and nonveterans have comparable substance use disorder (SUD) prevalence and SUD treatment rates for SUD and treatments of several types. No studies have compared functioning among veterans with SUD to veterans without SUD or to nonveterans.

Method: We investigated the prevalence of past-year and lifetime SUD (based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition), overall and by substance, and estimated the association with physical and mental health functioning and treatment utilization and need among veterans and nonveterans in a nationally representative sample. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6308169PMC
November 2018
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Benzodiazepine Use Disorder and Cognitive Impairment in Older Patients: A Six-Month-Follow-Up Study in an Outpatient Unit in Barcelona.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2018 Nov;79(6):844-852

Psychiatry Service, University of Salamanca Health Care Complex, Institute of Biomedicine, Salamanca, Spain.

Objective: Adverse health effects including cognitive impairment have been described in older adults with benzodiazepine misuse, although the literature about this issue is scarce. The present study aimed to assess cognitive decline in older adults with benzodiazepine use disorder and changes in cognitive state at the 6-month follow-up, as well as whether patients achieved abstinence.

Method: A 6-month follow-up longitudinal study was conducted in an outpatient drug center in Barcelona in a sample of older adults (≥65 years old) who had benzodiazepine use disorder. Read More

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November 2018
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Adolescent Brain Surface Area Pre- and Post-Cannabis and Alcohol Initiation.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2018 Nov;79(6):835-843

Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California.

Objective: Changes in gray matter volume and thickness are associated with adolescent alcohol and cannabis use, but the impact of these substances on surface area remains unclear. The present study expands on previous findings to examine the impact of alcohol and cannabis on surface area before and after use initiation.

Method: Scans for 69 demographically similar youth were obtained at baseline (ages 12-14 years; before substance use) and at 6-year follow-up (ages 17-21 years). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6308167PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Is Restricting Sales of Malt Liquor Beverages Effective in Reducing Crime in Urban Areas?

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2018 Nov;79(6):826-834

School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Objective: We evaluated the effects of outlet and small area level malt liquor policies on crime in 10 U.S. cities and hypothesized that more restrictive malt liquor policies would be associated with greater reductions in crime. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6308175PMC
November 2018