3,289 results match your criteria Journal of Refractive Surgery[Journal]


Effect of Crystalline Lens Aberrations on Adaptive Optics Simulation of Intraocular Lenses.

J Refract Surg 2019 Feb;35(2):126-131

Purpose: To evaluate the impact of the lens aberrations on the adaptive optics visual simulation of pseudophakic intraocular lens (IOL) profiles.

Methods: In 20 right phakic eyes, lens higher order aberrations (HOAs) were calculated as the whole eye minus the corneal aberrations. Visual simulation using low and high contrast corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) testing was carried out with the VAO instrument (Voptica, SL, Murcia, Spain), considering three optical conditions of the lens: removing HOA (no lens-HOA), removing spherical aberration (no lens-SA), and with lens HOA (natural condition). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181212-02DOI Listing
February 2019

Early Surface Ablation on Aborted LASIK Flaps.

J Refract Surg 2019 Feb;35(2):121-125

Purpose: To report the outcomes of a series of 16 patients who had secondary surface ablation within 4 weeks of an aborted femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) procedure.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of electronic medical record data from 2011 to 2015 was performed to identify eyes of patients who had an aborted FS-LASIK procedure followed by secondary surface ablation (photorefractive keratectomy or laser epithelial keratomileusis) within 4 weeks of the primary procedure. Patients were required to have at least three postoperative visits to be included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20190108-01DOI Listing
February 2019

Comprehensive Comparison of Axial Length Measurement With Three Swept-Source OCT-Based Biometers and Partial Coherence Interferometry.

J Refract Surg 2019 Feb;35(2):115-120

Purpose: To compare axial length measurements (and failure rate) of three swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT)-based biometers: IOLMaster 700 (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany), OA-2000 (Tomey, Nagoya, Japan), and Argos (Movu Inc., Komaki, Japan) to those provided by a partial coherence interferometry (PCI)-based optical biometer (IOLMaster v5.4 [Carl Zeiss Meditec]). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20190109-01DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Haze and Visual Acuity Loss After Sequential Photorefractive Keratectomy and Corneal Cross-linking for Keratoconus.

J Refract Surg 2019 Feb;35(2):109-114

Purpose: To investigate the results after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) followed immediately by standard 30-minute corneal cross-linking (CXL) for keratoconus.

Methods: This retrospective study included 26 eyes of 16 patients with keratoconus. Uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), manifest refraction spherical equivalent (SE) and cylinder, apical keratometry, corneal higher order aberrations (HOAs), and corneal haze were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20190114-01DOI Listing
February 2019

Higher Order Aberrations in Femtosecond Laser-Assisted Versus Manual Cataract Surgery: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

J Refract Surg 2019 Feb;35(2):102-108

Purpose: To evaluate differences in higher order aberrations (HOAs) between femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) and manual cataract surgery.

Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, consecutive patients undergoing FLACS or manual cataract surgery with implantation of an intraocular lens from January 2017 to February 2018 were recruited. Patients underwent aberrometry testing at least 2 months postoperatively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20190107-02DOI Listing
February 2019

Microdistortions in Bowman's Layer 3 Years After SMILE for Myopia.

J Refract Surg 2019 Feb;35(2):96-101

Purpose: To investigate the characteristics and changes in microdistortions in Bowman's layer 3 years after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE).

Methods: In this non-randomized, prospective study, 50 eyes of 28 patients who received SMILE with a mean spherical equivalent of -6.72 ± 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181212-01DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Longitudinal and Regional Non-uniform Remodeling of Corneal Epithelium After Topography-Guided FS-LASIK.

J Refract Surg 2019 Feb;35(2):88-95

Purpose: To observe the epithelial remodeling over a 9-mm diameter cornea induced by topography-guided femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) for myopia correction using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT).

Methods: Forty-three eyes of 22 patients who underwent topography-guided FS-LASIK for myopic correction were included. The "Pachymetrywide" scan pattern was used to generate the epithelial thickness map using SD-OCT preoperatively and 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20190104-01DOI Listing
February 2019

Primary Topography-Guided LASIK: Refractive, Visual, and Subjective Quality of Vision Outcomes for Astigmatism ⩾2.00 Diopters.

J Refract Surg 2019 Feb;35(2):78-86

Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of primary topography-guided laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in eyes with subjective refractive astigmatism of 2.00 diopters (D) or greater.

Methods: This was a prospective study in consecutive eyes with cylinder of 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181210-01DOI Listing
February 2019

2018 Reviewers.

Authors:

J Refract Surg 2019 Feb;35(2):75-77

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181219-01DOI Listing
February 2019

The Stars of Peer Review.

J Refract Surg 2019 Feb;35(2):74

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20190117-01DOI Listing
February 2019

An Ineffective Astigmatism Analysis.

Authors:
Noel Alpins

J Refract Surg 2019 Jan;35(1):67

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181227-01DOI Listing
January 2019

CIRCLE Software for the Management of Retained Lenticule Tissue Following Complicated SMILE Surgery.

J Refract Surg 2019 Jan;35(1):60-65

Purpose: To describe the therapeutic use of CIRCLE software (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany) for the management of retained lenticule tissue after complicated small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE).

Methods: Two patients were referred for consultation and treatment due to intraoperative complications during SMILE. In case 1, a black patch during laser delivery caused the lenticule to be torn irregularly from the undersurface during extraction and a sliver of it was retained in the pocket. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181120-01DOI Listing
January 2019

Evaluation of Different IOL Calculation Formulas of the ASCRS Calculator in Eyes After Corneal Refractive Laser Surgery for Myopia With Multifocal IOL Implantation.

J Refract Surg 2019 Jan;35(1):54-59

Purpose: To compare the accuracy of different intraocular lens (IOL) calculation formulas available on the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery (ASCRS) post-refractive surgery IOL power calculator for the prediction of multifocal IOL power after previous corneal refractive laser surgery for myopia.

Methods: An analysis and comparison were performed of the accuracy of three methods using surgically induced change in refraction (ie, Masket, Modified Masket, and Barrett True-K formulas) and three methods using no previous data (ie, Shammas, Haigis-L, and Barrett True-K No History formulas). The average of all formulas was also analyzed and compared. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181119-01DOI Listing
January 2019

Rotational Stability and Centration of a New Toric Lens Design Platform Using Objective Image Analysis Over 6 Months.

J Refract Surg 2019 Jan;35(1):48-53

Purpose: To determine the rotational stability of the Rayner 600S intraocular lens (IOL) (Rayner, Worthing, United Kingdom) using objective image analysis techniques.

Methods: A total of 66 patients (mean age: 69.92 ± 8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181204-01DOI Listing
January 2019

Influence of Preoperative Astigmatism Type and Magnitude on the Effectiveness of SMILE Correction.

J Refract Surg 2019 Jan;35(1):40-47

Purpose: To assess the effectiveness of small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) as a function of the astigmatism level and type.

Methods: A total of 102 right eyes were included in this study. Refractive astigmatism and corneal astigmatism measured with Scheimpflug technology were retrieved from the preoperative visit and the 3-month follow-up visit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181127-01DOI Listing
January 2019
3.468 Impact Factor

15-Month Visual Outcomes and Corneal Power Changes of SMILE in Treating High Myopia With Maximum Myopic Meridian Exceeding 10.00 D.

J Refract Surg 2019 Jan;35(1):31-39

Purpose: To evaluate the long-term visual and refractive outcomes, optical quality, and stability of the cornea and axial length after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) for the correction of high myopia with a maximum myopic meridian exceeding 10.00 diopters (D).

Methods: Via a prospective cohort study, 53 eyes (53 patients) with a maximum myopic meridian exceeding 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181126-01DOI Listing
January 2019
3.468 Impact Factor

Small Incision Lenticule Extraction for Hyperopia: 3-Month Refractive and Visual Outcomes.

J Refract Surg 2019 Jan;35(1):24-30

Purpose: To evaluate visual and refractive outcomes of small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) for hyperopia.

Methods: This prospective study of vertex-centered hyperopic SMILE used the VisuMax femtosecond laser (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany). Inclusion criteria were maximum attempted hyperopic meridian of between +1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181025-01DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Primary Topography-Guided LASIK: Treating Manifest Refractive Astigmatism Versus Topography-Measured Anterior Corneal Astigmatism.

J Refract Surg 2019 Jan;35(1):15-23

Purpose: To investigate whether topography-guided laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) with anterior corneal astigmatism measured on the WaveLight Contoura (Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, TX) leads to better refractive outcomes compared to treating on the clinically measured manifest refractive astigmatism axis in eyes with primary myopic astigmatism.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of 1,274 consecutive LASIK eyes treated on the topography-measured anterior corneal astigmatism axis compared to eyes treated on the conventional clinical manifest refractive astigmatism axis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181113-01DOI Listing
January 2019

Bilaterally Asymmetric Corneal Ectasia Following SMILE With Asymmetrically Reduced Stromal Molecular Markers.

J Refract Surg 2019 Jan;35(1):6-14

Purpose: To evaluate extracellular matrix regulators and inflammatory factors in a patient who developed ectasia after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) despite normal preoperative tomographic and biomechanical evaluation.

Methods: The SMILE lenticules from both eyes of the patient with ectasia and three control patients (5 eyes) matched for age, sex, and duration of follow-up were used for gene expression analysis of lysyl oxidase (LOX), matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9), collagen types I alpha 1 (COLIA1) and IV alpha 1 chain (COLIVA1), transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7), interleukin-6 (IL-6), cathepsin K, cluster of differentiation 68, integrin beta-1, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP1). Furthermore, the functional role of LOX was assessed in vitro by studying the collagen gel contraction efficiency of LOX overexpressing in primary human corneal fibroblast cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181128-01DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Long-term Evaluation of Corneal Biomechanical Properties After Corneal Cross-linking for Keratoconus: A 4-Year Longitudinal Study.

J Refract Surg 2018 Dec;34(12):849-856

Purpose: To compare the long-term changes in corneal biomechanics, topography, and tomography before and 4 years after corneal cross-linking (CXL) with the Dresden protocol and correlate these changes with visual acuity.

Methods: In this longitudinal study, 18 eyes of 18 patients with progressive keratoconus who were treated with CXL were included. All patients received a standard ophthalmological examination and were examined by Placido disc-based topography, Scheimpflug tomography, and biomechanical assessments with the Corvis ST (OCULUS Optikgeräte GmbH, Wetzlar, Germany) and Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA; Reichert Ophthalmic Instruments, Buffalo, NY) before and 4 years after CXL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181012-02DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Tomographic and Biomechanical Scheimpflug Imaging for Keratoconus Characterization: A Validation of Current Indices.

J Refract Surg 2018 Dec;34(12):840-847

Purpose: To analyze the potential benefit of the newly developed Tomography and Biomechanical Index (TBI) for early keratoconus screening.

Methods: In this retrospective study, the discriminatory power of the corneal tomography Belin/Ambrósio Enhanced Ectasia Display (BAD-D) index and the newly developed Corvis Biomechanical Index (CBI) and TBI to differentiate between normal eyes, manifest keratoconus eyes (KCE), very asymmetric keratoconus eyes with ectasia (VAE-E), and their fellow eyes with either regular topography (VAE-NT) or regular topography and tomography (VAE-NTT) were analyzed by applying the t test (for normal distribution), Wilcoxon matched-pairs test (if not normally distributed), and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). The DeLong test was used to compare the area under the ROC (AUROC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181012-01DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read
3.468 Impact Factor

Longitudinal Chromatic Aberration and Polychromatic Image Quality Metrics of Intraocular Lenses.

J Refract Surg 2018 Dec;34(12):832-838

Purpose: To measure longitudinal chromatic aberration (LCA) of various intraocular lenses (IOLs) and to assess LCA effects on polychromatic image quality with a focus on multifocal IOL designs.

Methods: The LCA values of four multifocal IOL models (three diffractive models: AT LARA 829MP and AT LISA 809M [both from Carl Zeiss Meditec AG, Jena, Germany] and Restor SN6AD1 [Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, TX] and one refractive model [Mini Well Ready; SIFI Medtech, Sant'Antonio, Italy]) were compared with that of their monofocal counterparts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181108-01DOI Listing
December 2018

Clinical Outcomes Using a Novel Image-Guided Planning System in Patients With Cataract and IOL Implantation.

J Refract Surg 2018 Dec;34(12):824-831

Purpose: To determine the proportion of eyes with preexisting astigmatism achieving 0.50 diopters (D) or less of residual refractive cylinder 3 months after either implantation of toric intraocular lenses (IOLs) or corneal incisions using the VERION system (Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, TX) measurement module and digital markers for microscope (M) and laser (L). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181115-01DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Safety and Efficacy of a New Phakic Posterior Chamber IOL for Correction of Myopia: 3 Years of Follow-up.

J Refract Surg 2018 Dec;34(12):817-823

Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of a new posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens (IPCL; Care Group, Baroda, India) to correct myopia.

Methods: This prospective, observational case series included 30 eyes undergoing implantation of the IPCL for high myopia (> -8.00 diopters [D]). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181105-01DOI Listing
December 2018

Suction Stability Management in SMILE: Development of a Decision Tree for Managing Eye Movements and Suction Loss.

J Refract Surg 2018 Dec;34(12):809-816

Purpose: To develop a comprehensive protocol for suction stability management during small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE).

Methods: This was a retrospective video review of all SMILE cases where suction loss occurred or eye movement was noted in the medical record. The different types of eye movement were collated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181023-01DOI Listing
December 2018

Outcomes for Hyperopic LASIK With the MEL 90 Excimer Laser.

J Refract Surg 2018 Dec;34(12):799-808

Purpose: To report the outcomes of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for hyperopia using the Triple-A ablation profile with the MEL 90 excimer laser (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany).

Methods: This retrospective analysis included 1,383 eyes treated by LASIK for hyperopia using the Triple-A ablation profile with the MEL 90 at London Vision Clinic, London, United Kingdom, between September 2013 and December 2016. Inclusion criteria were attempted hyperopic correction of +0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181019-01DOI Listing
December 2018

The Impact of Photorefractive Keratectomy and Mitomycin C on Corneal Nerves and Their Regeneration.

J Refract Surg 2018 12;34(12):790-798

Purpose: To determine how photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and mitomycin C (MMC) affect corneal nerves and their regeneration over time after surgery.

Methods: Twenty-eight New Zealand rabbits had corneal epithelial scraping with (n = 3) and without (n = 3) MMC 0.02% or -9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181112-01DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360090PMC
December 2018

Corneal Scarring and Hyperopic Shift After Corneal Cross-linking for Corneal Ectasia After SMILE.

J Refract Surg 2018 Nov;34(11):779-782

Purpose: To report a case of severe corneal scarring and hyperopic shift after corneal cross-linking (CXL) for the treatment of ectasia following small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE).

Methods: Case report and literature review.

Results: A 35-year-old man was referred with severe unilateral corneal haze that developed after CXL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20180921-01DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Flap Melting Over Corneal Inlay for Hyperopic Correction.

J Refract Surg 2018 Nov;34(11):775-778

Purpose: To report two cases of flap melting over corneal inlays for hyperopic correction several years after implantation.

Methods: The corneal inlay (+6.00 diopters [D]; PermaVision intracorneal lens; Anamed Inc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20180823-01DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Oxygen Diffusion May Limit the Biomechanical Effectiveness of Iontophoresis-Assisted Transepithelial Corneal Cross-linking.

J Refract Surg 2018 Nov;34(11):768-774

Purpose: To evaluate the impact of varying treatment time on the efficacy of iontophoresis-assisted transepithelial corneal cross-linking (I-CXL) in ex vivo porcine corneas.

Methods: One hundred twelve porcine corneas with intact epithelium were divided into 7 groups and analyzed. Groups 1, 2, and 3 received standard epitheliumoff CXL (S-CXL) with hypo-osmolaric 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20180830-01DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads
3.470 Impact Factor

Age-Related Changes in Corneal Spherical Aberration.

J Refract Surg 2018 Nov;34(11):760-767

Purpose: To analyze the age-related changes in corneal spherical aberration (CSA) and higher order aberrations (HOAs) and to develop a novel model to estimate the change in CSA with age.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of the right eyes of 3,769 patients. Anterior corneal spherical aberration (ASA), posterior corneal spherical aberration (PSA), total corneal spherical aberration (TSA), and the root mean square of corneal HOAs were measured using a Scheimpflug tomographer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181011-01DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Incidence and Outcomes of Sterile Multifocal Inflammatory Keratitis and Diffuse Lamellar Keratitis After SMILE.

J Refract Surg 2018 Nov;34(11):751-759

Purpose: To report the incidence outcomes of sterile multifocal inflammatory keratitis and diffuse lamellar keratitis (DLK) after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) in a large population.

Methods: This was a retrospective review of a population of 4,000 consecutive eyes treated by SMILE at the London Vision Clinic using the VisuMax femtosecond laser (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany). The inclusion criterion was to have presented with inflammatory keratitis after SMILE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181001-02DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Implantation of a Corneal Inlay in Pseudophakic Eyes: A Prospective Comparative Clinical Trial.

J Refract Surg 2018 Nov;34(11):746-750

Purpose: To compare the clinical outcomes of binocular cataract surgery with and without pinhole corneal inlay implantation.

Methods: In the inlay-cataract group, a small aperture corneal inlay was implanted in addition to cataract surgery in the non-dominant eye and routine cataract surgery was performed in the dominant eye. In the control group, conventional cataract surgery was performed in both eyes in separate consecutive surgeries 2 weeks apart. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20180927-01DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Factors Associated With Ocular Cyclotorsion Detected by High-Speed Dual-Detection Eye Tracker During Single-Step Transepithelial Photorefractive Keratectomy.

J Refract Surg 2018 Nov;34(11):736-744

Purpose: To determine demographic, surgical, and preoperative visual factors affecting the level of static and dynamic cyclotorsion (SC and DC) in eyes undergoing single-step transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (TransPRK).

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 386 patients with different types of refractive errors scheduled for single-step TransPRK were enrolled. A comprehensive profile of personal, optic, and visual characteristics of patients as surgical parameters were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181001-01DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads
3.470 Impact Factor

Corneal Surface Ablation Laser Refractive Surgery for the Correction of Myopia: A Network Meta-analysis.

J Refract Surg 2018 Nov;34(11):726-735

Purpose: To systematically compare the efficacy, predictability, safety, postoperative haze, pain scores, and epithelial healing time of four corneal surface ablation procedures.

Methods: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and the U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20180905-01DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Initial Clinical Results With a Novel Monofocal-Type Intraocular Lens for Extended Macular Vision in Patients With Macular Degeneration.

J Refract Surg 2018 Nov;34(11):718-725

Purpose: To determine the feasibility of a novel intraocular lens (IOL) designed to improve retinal image quality at up to 10° of retinal eccentricity and optionally provide retinal magnification in patients with macular disease.

Methods: In this prospective, interventional pilot study, 8 eyes of 7 patients with bilateral dry age-related macular degeneration and 1+ or less cataract underwent phacoemulsification and capsular bag implantation of a single, injectable, hydrophobic acrylic IOL. Safety and efficacy were assessed by monitoring logMAR corrected distance and near visual acuity, intraocular pressure, specular microscopy, 80-point visual field testing, and anterior segment and macular optical coherence tomography at baseline and 1 week, 1 month, and 2 months postoperatively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20180831-01DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Presbyopic Excimer Laser Ablation: A Review.

J Refract Surg 2018 Oct;34(10):698-710

Purpose: To provide an overview of the efficacy and safety of available presbyopic excimer laser ablation profiles.

Methods: Literature review.

Results: Monovision with excimer laser traditionally applies near correction to the non-dominant eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20180726-02DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

Outcomes of Simultaneous and Sequential Cross-linking With Excimer Laser Surface Ablation in Keratoconus.

J Refract Surg 2018 Oct;34(10):690-696

Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of simultaneous and sequential corneal crosslinking (CXL) and excimer laser surface ablation protocols in keratoconus.

Methods: A literature review was conducted using MEDLINE. The studies were divided into three groups: the sequential group included studies with CXL followed by excimer laser surface ablation later, the simultaneous group included simultaneous excimer laser surface ablation and CXL, and the no CXL group included excimer laser surface ablation only with no CXL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20180824-01DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads
3.470 Impact Factor

Sequential Customized Therapeutic Keratectomy for Reis-Bücklers' Corneal Dystrophy: Long-term Follow-up.

J Refract Surg 2018 Oct;34(10):682-688

Purpose: To report long-term outcomes of sequential customized therapeutic keratectomy for Reis-Bücklers' corneal dystrophy.

Methods: This was a retrospective review of 14 eyes of 8 patients with Reis-Bücklers' corneal dystrophy that underwent surgical peeling with a spatula of the epithelium and subepithelial membrane present in Reis-Bücklers' corneal dystrophy, with subsequent sequential customized therapeutic keratectomy featuring a multi-step approach with sequential, repeated customized excimer laser photoablations alternating with repeat intraoperative topographies to monitor and progressively reduce corneal irregularities.

Results: At the last follow-up of 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20180829-01DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Outcomes for Mixed Cylinder LASIK With the MEL 90 Excimer Laser.

J Refract Surg 2018 Oct;34(10):672-680

Purpose: To report the outcomes of LASIK for mixed cylinder using the Triple-A ablation profile with the MEL 90 excimer laser (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany).

Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of all eyes treated by LASIK for mixed cylinder using the Triple-A ablation profile with the MEL 90 laser between July 2013 and October 2016. Patients were observed for 1 year after surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20180814-01DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Differences in Posterior Corneal Features Between Normal Corneas and Subclinical Keratoconus.

J Refract Surg 2018 Oct;34(10):664-670

Purpose: To compare posterior corneal features and their discriminating power for differentiating normal corneas from subclinical keratoconus using the Placido dual-Scheimpflug analyzer.

Methods: Patients were retrospectively included in the study. The preoperative normal right eyes of 79 patients imaged with a Placido dual-Scheimpflug system and with a stable postoperative LASIK follow-up of a minimum of 36 months were included in the normal group and were compared to 39 contralateral topographically normal eyes with clinically evident keratoconus in the fellow eye. Read More

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https://www.healio.com/doiresolver?doi=10.3928/1081597X-2018
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20180823-02DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Implantable Collamer Lens for Management of Pseudophakic Ametropia in Eyes With a Spectrum of Previous Corneal Surgery.

J Refract Surg 2018 Oct;34(10):654-663

Purpose: To assess the visual outcomes, predictability, and safety of the Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) (STAAR Surgical, Inc., Monrovia, CA) for the management of residual pseudophakic refractive error.

Methods: Forty-nine pseudophakic eyes of 40 patients in which myopic, hyperopic, or toric ICLs were implanted were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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https://www.healio.com/doiresolver?doi=10.3928/1081597X-2018
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20180815-01DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Effect of NSAIDs on Pupil Diameter and Expression of Aqueous Humor Cytokines in FLACS Versus Conventional Phacoemulsification.

J Refract Surg 2018 Oct;34(10):646-652

Purpose: To compare the concentrations of interleukin (IL) (IL-1b, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70), interferon (IFN)-γ, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and TNF-β in the aqueous humor of patients undergoing femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) and corneal mechanical paracentesis treated with two different topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): bromfenac and indomethacin.

Methods: In this prospective, randomized controlled, single-center study, aqueous humor samples were obtained immediately after performing the femtosecond laser procedure or at the start of conventional phacoemulsification. Preoperatively, the FLACS groups were administered (once daily and four times daily, respectively) either topical bromfenac 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20180814-02DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads
3.470 Impact Factor

Bilateral Non-tuberculous Mycobacterial Keratitis After Small Incision Lenticule Extraction.

J Refract Surg 2018 Sep;34(9):633-636

Purpose: To report a case of bilateral non-tuberculous mycobacterial keratitis after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) that was successfully treated with oral and topical fortified antibiotics.

Methods: Case report and literature review.

Results: An otherwise healthy 21-year-old woman presented with culture-proven bilateral Mycobacterium abscessus keratitis 8 days after undergoing SMILE, showing multiple white stromal infiltrates in the interface in both eyes. Read More

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https://www.healio.com/doiresolver?doi=10.3928/1081597X-2018
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20180827-01DOI Listing
September 2018
12 Reads

Binocular and Monocular Implantation of Small-Aperture Intraocular Lenses in Cataract Surgery.

J Refract Surg 2018 Sep;34(9):629-631

Purpose: To compare the clinical outcomes with the extended depth of focus small-aperture intraocular lens (IOL) (IC-8; AcuFocus, Irvine, CA) for presbyopia compensation when implanted monocularly or binocularly.

Methods: Visual outcomes, defocus curve, patient satisfaction, and visual symptoms during a 6-month follow-up were evaluated in 11 patients (contralateral group) implanted monocularly with this IOL and with an aspheric monofocal IOL in the fellow eye (myopic target) and 6 patients (bilateral group) implanted bilaterally with the IC-8 IOL (dominant eye with plano target, fellow eye with myopic target).

Results: Bilateral implantation of the IC-8 IOL resulted in an extended range of focus, with better intermediate and near vision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20180716-02DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read