2,243 results match your criteria Journal of Public Health Dentistry [Journal]


Toward precision public health.

Authors:
Sarah L Meyer

J Public Health Dent 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Master of Library and Information Science, University of Florida Health Sciences Libraries, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Objectives: The information in this article is based on a presentation given at the American Institute of Dental Public Health's 2018 Colloquium on Precision Public Health (PPH). A brief introduction to precision medicine provides context for PPH. Precision medicine tailors treatment and prevention strategies for individual patients based on variability of genetic, lifestyle, and environmental factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12315DOI Listing

Broken smiles: The impact of untreated dental caries and missing anterior teeth on employment.

J Public Health Dent 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Brandeis University, The Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Waltham, MA, USA.

Objectives: We aimed to quantify the impact of dental caries and missing anterior teeth on employment, estimate the impact of a routine dental visit on the health of anterior teeth, and the benefits of expanding dental coverage for nonelderly adults.

Methods: We used the 2013-2014 Continuous National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey to develop a dental problem index (DPI) using tooth counts and tooth surface conditions. We estimated the impact of DPI on employment with logistic regression, controlling for seven demographic and socioeconomic covariates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12317DOI Listing

Mouth self-examination as a screening tool for oral potentially malignant disorders among a high-risk Indigenous population.

J Public Health Dent 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Faculty of Dentistry, MAHSA University, Jenjarom, Selangor, Malaysia.

Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of mouth self-examination (MSE) as a self-screening tool for detection of oral mucosal lesions among an Indigenous population in Malaysia at high risk for oral premalignant and malignant disorders.

Methods: Two villages were selected as the sampling frame based on prevalence of tobacco and betel quid chewing habit. Respondents were asked to check their mouth for presence of lesion or abnormalities. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jphd.12313
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12313DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Modifying dietary risk behaviors to prevent obesity and dental caries in very young children: results of the Baby Steps to Health pediatric dental pilot.

J Public Health Dent 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.

Objectives: To describe the design, feasibility, and acceptability of a theory-informed obesity and dental caries prevention pilot study, Baby Steps to Health, conducted in an academic dental clinic among a primarily Asian immigrant population.

Methods: Baby Steps used self-determination theory and behavioral motivation strategies for a caregiver/child (6-36 months) nutrition and oral health behavior change intervention implemented in a pediatric dental clinic. Caregivers completed a dietary practice assessment to identify risk behaviors and potential courses of action. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jphd.12311
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12311DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Projecting the economic impact of silver diamine fluoride on caries treatment expenditures and outcomes in young U.S. children.

J Public Health Dent 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Community Dentistry and Behavioral Science, College of Dentistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Objective: To quantify the economic impact of using silver diamine fluoride (SDF) to arrest the progression of dental caries in Medicaid-enrolled children (aged 1-5 years) relative to the standard restorative treatment from the Medicaid programs' perspective.

Methods: We used Monte Carlo simulation to estimate averted restorative visits and associated expenditures for varying SDF effectiveness and intervention penetration levels. We compared the current standard of care for treating caries to applying SDF. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jphd.12312
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12312DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Oral health status of adults in North Carolina assisted living facilities.

J Public Health Dent 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Health Policy and Management, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Objectives: The specific aims of this study were to describe the baseline oral health status of persons residing in North Carolina assisted living facilities and determine how identified oral health problems vary according to resident and facility demographic variables.

Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive epidemiologic study used a statewide random sample of 40 assisted living facilities and a convenience sample of 854 assisted living residents. Dental hygienists and dentists conducted oral screenings on residents using the Association of State and Territorial Dental Director's Basic Screening Survey for Older Adults tool. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12310DOI Listing
February 2019

Diversity in the use of specialized dental services by older adults in the United States.

J Public Health Dent 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Dental Public Health, University of Maryland School of Dentistry, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Objectives: We estimated the use of any dental services and the use of specific types of dental services conditional on any dental use for adults 50 and over in the United States to analyze: a) disparities in the use of specialized dental services and b) whether older adults receiving routine dental care use fewer expensive specialized dental services.

Methods: We relied on data tabulations and estimated logistic regressions from the 2014 Medical Expenditure Panel Study to analyze the influence of various covariates such as age, race/ethnicity, education, dental insurance, income, and health status on the likelihood of a) using any dental care and b) using routine dental care (prophylaxis, examinations, bitewings, etc.) and specialized services for restorative, periodontal, oral surgery, or prosthetic dental care conditional on using any dental care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12309DOI Listing
February 2019

Analysis of the oral health care network development in Minas Gerais state, Brazil.

J Public Health Dent 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Social and Preventive Dentistry, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the development stage of the oral health care network of the Brazilian Unified Health System in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive and analytical study was conducted with 205 municipal oral health coordinators from the state. Data collection was carried out through a validated questionnaire to analyze the state of development of the oral health care network. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12308DOI Listing
February 2019

Dental health state utilities among dental patients.

J Public Health Dent 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Oral Sciences, Dental Epidemiology and Public Health, WHO Collaborating Centre for Dental Epidemiology and Public Health, Sir John Walsh Research Institute, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Objectives: To test the efficacy of a dental health state utility measure among a sample of dental patients using the standard gamble (SG) method and to examine its association with two quality of life constructs, namely the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 questionnaire and the global oral health item.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 202 adult dental patients. Demographic and clinical data were collected. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jphd.12306
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12306DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Implementation of public health genomics and applications to public health dentistry.

Authors:
Debra Duquette

J Public Health Dent 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.

National and state public health genomics efforts exist to effectively and responsibly translate genome-based knowledge to improve population health and reduce health disparities. Over the past two decades, public health genomics efforts have utilized the core public health functions of assessment, policy development, and assurance. Current evidence for a small number of genomic applications suggests that many lives could be saved if these were implemented in recommended populations. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jphd.12307
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12307DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Identifying and critically examining government legislation relevant to children's dental caries in Calgary, Alberta, Canada: a health inequities lens.

J Public Health Dent 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Objectives: Children's dental caries is an important and urgent public health concern that is largely preventable. Using a social equity framework, our objectives were to identify and critically examine government legislation relevant to the issue of children's dental health in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Methods: We conducted a systematic, gray literature search of federal, provincial (Alberta), and municipal (Calgary) statutes and bylaws related to children's dental caries, through the relevant law databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12305DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Self-perceived oral health, normative need, and dental services utilization among dentate adults in the United States: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2014.

J Public Health Dent 2019 Dec 11;79(1):79-90. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Objective: This study investigated the role of self-perceived oral health and normative need on dental services utilization by US adults aged ≥30 years from the 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES).

Methods: Data on 5,806 dentate adult NHANES participants were analyzed. Key independent variables were self-perceived oral health and normative need assessed by a dentist. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12300DOI Listing
December 2019
1 Read

Dental care utilization: patterns and predictors in persons living with HIV in British Columbia, Canada.

J Public Health Dent 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Dental Public Health Program at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Objectives: To identify the predisposing, enabling, and need factors of the Andersen and Newman (A&N) model and their associations with the pattern of dental service utilization in a sample of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in British Columbia.

Methods: Participants responded anonymously to a 40-item online questionnaire to explore the patterns of dental service utilization. Following the descriptive statistics, the associations between A&N model factors and main outcome variables (having a dental visit in the last year and reasons for the dental visit) were evaluated using simple and multiple logistic regression analyses. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jphd.12304
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12304DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Tobacco screening and cessation efforts by dental providers: A quality measure evaluation.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Preventive and Restorative Dental Sciences, School of Dentistry at University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to adapt, test, and evaluate the implementation of a primary care "Preventive care and Screening" meaningful use quality measure for tobacco use, in dental institutions. We determined the percentage of dental patients screened for tobacco use, and the percentage of tobacco users who received cessation counseling.

Methods: We implemented the dental quality measure (DQM), in three dental schools and a large dental accountable care organization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12298DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

The building blocks of precision oral health in early childhood: the ZOE 2.0 study.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Oral and Craniofacial Health Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Improving children's oral health is a long-standing area of priority and sustained efforts by many stakeholders. Despite these efforts, dental caries, particularly early childhood caries (ECC), persists as a clinical and dental public health problem with multilevel consequences. Despite recent successes in the non-restorative management of dental caries, remarkably little has been done in the domain of ECC prevention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12303DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

A survey of US early childhood caries programs: findings and recommendations.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Section of Population Oral Health, Columbia University College of Dental Medicine, New York, NY, USA.

Objectives: To identify and characterize US early childhood caries (ECC) programs.

Methods: A 39 question online survey was fielded to 245 ECC programs identified from the literature and peer programs. The 101 respondents (41 percent response rate) reported their program's geographic reach, type, areas of focus, target populations, approaches, affiliations, providers, goals, costs, and funding. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jphd.12302
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12302DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Children's untreated decay is positively associated with past caries experience and with current salivary loads of mutans Streptococci; negatively with self-reported maternal iron supplements during pregnancy: a multifactorial analysis.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Objectives: This study explored the association of children's salivary characteristics, past caries experience, birth weight, and reported maternal prenatal vitamin and mineral supplementation with the dental untreated decay of the child.

Methods: This cross-sectional study, a sub-study of Griffith University Environments for Healthy Living birth cohort study, was conducted on 174 mother-child dyads. Mother's prenatal usage of vitamin and mineral supplements; child's birthweight; salivary pH, buffering capacity, and levels of salivary MS and LB were explored as risk indicators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12301DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Determinants of emergency department utilization for non-traumatic dental conditions in Massachusetts.

J Public Health Dent 2019 Dec 10;79(1):71-78. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Health Sciences, Bouvé College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA.

Objectives: To study the determinants of emergency department (ED) utilization for non-traumatic dental conditions (NTDCs) by adults in Massachusetts.

Methods: We analyzed patient-level factors associated with ED utilization for NTDCs in Massachusetts during 2013, using the Massachusetts All Payer Claims Dataset. The primary independent variables of interest were use of preventive dental service in the year preceding the ED visit and dental insurance coverage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12297DOI Listing
December 2019
1 Read

From high definition precision healthcare to precision public oral health: opportunities and challenges.

Authors:
Harold C Slavkin

J Public Health Dent 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Center for Craniofacial Molecular Biology, Division of Biomedical Sciences, Ostrow School of Dentistry, University of Southern California, CA, Los Angeles, USA.

In anticipation of a major transformation in healthcare, this review provides highlights that anticipate the near future for oral public health (and beyond). Personalized or precision healthcare reflects the expectation that advances in genomics, imaging, and other domains will extend our risk assessment, diagnostic, and prognostic capabilities, and enables more effective prevention and therapeutic options for all Americans. Meanwhile, the current healthcare system does not meet cost, access, or quality criteria for all Americans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12296DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Periodontal treatment needs in the Medicaid patient population: a retrospective study in a US dental school.

J Public Health Dent 2019 Dec 5;79(1):53-59. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to use electronic health records (EHRs) from a US dental school clinic to retrospectively investigate associations between periodontal treatment needs and insurance type in a newly insured adult Medicaid population. We hypothesized that newly insured Medicaid patients, covered by the Iowa Dental Wellness Plan (DWP), would display greater need for treatment than patients with other sources of financing.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of EHRs of patients at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry and Dental Clinics (UI COD) from 2014 to 2016 was completed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12294DOI Listing
December 2019
1 Read

Association of food insecurity with early childhood caries.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Dental Public Health Residency, College of Graduate Studies, AT Still University of Health Sciences, Mesa, AZ, USA.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the association of food insecurity on the prevalence of dental caries in preschool children.

Methods: Eighty-two children, aged 12-71 months old, from the Marquette University School of Dentistry Community South Clinic and their caregivers participated in this cross-sectional study. Following informed consent, parents completed the validated six-item US Department of Agriculture food insecurity questionnaire and questions regarding demographic information and family structure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12299DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Contextual and individual determinants of non-utilization of dental services among Brazilian adults.

J Public Health Dent 2019 Dec 23;79(1):60-70. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Unit of Oral Health, Dentistry and Society, School of Clinical Dentistry, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.

Objectives: To examine the association of contextual and individual determinants with non-utilization of dental services among Brazilian adults.

Methods: Data were from adults aged 35-44 years (N = 7,265) from the 2010 Brazilian Oral Health Survey (SB Brasil Project). Non-utilization of dental services was assessed whether the individual has never had a dental visit over the whole life time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12295DOI Listing
December 2019
19 Reads

Predictive data mining for diagnosing periodontal disease: the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES V and VI) from 2010 to 2015.

J Public Health Dent 2019 Dec 23;79(1):44-52. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Periodontology, Research Institute for Periodontal Regeneration, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul, Korea.

Objectives: This study aimed to identify patients with the highest risk of periodontal disease (PD), and to provide recommendations for the effective use and application of data mining (DM) techniques when establishing evidence-based dental-care policies for vulnerable groups at a high risk of PD.

Methods: This study used the SEMMA (Sample, Explore, Modify, Model, and Assess) methodology to construct DM models based on data acquired from the fifth and sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2000-2015). We analyzed the sociodemographic and comorbidity variables that influence PD by applying the popular DM techniques of decision-tree, neural-network, and regression models, and also attempted to improve the predictive power and reliability by comparing the results obtained by these three models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12293DOI Listing
December 2019
20 Reads

Caries prevalence and associations with medications and medical comorbidities.

J Public Health Dent 2019 Dec 15;79(1):34-43. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

VA Center for Healthcare Organization and Implementation Research, Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial Veterans Hospital, Bedford, MA, USA.

Objectives: To use extensive electronic dental, medical, and pharmacy databases to estimate the prevalence of dental caries in a cohort of new patients during a 5-year period (FY2010-FY2015) and determine whether medication use and medical comorbidities are associated with caries prevalence.

Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of existing data from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). The number of teeth treated due to a caries-related diagnosis was determined and outcomes were presented as number of teeth/person and proportion of patients receiving caries-related treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12292DOI Listing
December 2019
2 Reads

Oral health and access to dental care among older homeless adults: results from the HOPE HOME study.

J Public Health Dent 2019 Dec 17;79(1):3-9. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Division of General Internal Medicine, Center for Vulnerable Populations, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Objectives: To describe the prevalence of and factors associated with oral health measures in a sample of older homeless adults in Oakland, CA.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of data from a population-based study of 350 homeless adults aged ≥50 in which trained researchers conducted structured interviews using validated questions regarding sociodemographics, health-related behaviors, healthcare utilization, and health status. We assessed self-reported tooth loss, oral pain, and unmet need for dental care. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jphd.12288
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12288DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6420347PMC
December 2019
2 Reads

Translating prenatal oral health clinical standards into dental education: results and policy implications.

J Public Health Dent 2019 Dec 4;79(1):25-33. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Dental Ecology, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Objectives: To evaluate characteristics of pregnant women served through the University of North Carolina's (UNC) prenatal oral health program (pOHP) dental clinic and community healthcare pathways to inform efforts in promoting prenatal oral health policies.

Methods: The pOHP provides medical and dental students and practitioners with interprofessional experiences caring for pregnant women. A retrospective chart audit captured 314 pregnant women who made appointments over 33 months. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jphd.12291
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12291DOI Listing
December 2019
3 Reads

Sexual orientation-related oral health disparities in the United States.

J Public Health Dent 2019 Dec 2;79(1):18-24. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Dentistry, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.

Objective: Recent reports have documented health disparities according to sexual orientation and used the minority stress model as a framework for understanding their origins. To date, however, sexual orientation-related disparities in the oral health domain have not been evaluated. Accordingly, this study sought to investigate potential health disparities in objectively-assessed and subjective reports of oral heath among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults relative to the heterosexual community-dwelling US population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12290DOI Listing
December 2019
10 Reads

Survival analysis of caries incidence in African-American school-aged children.

J Public Health Dent 2019 Dec 20;79(1):10-17. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Operative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA.

Objectives: To conduct an assessment of time-dependent covariates related to dental caries of the permanent dentition among a low socioeconomic status, understudied cohort of children, incorporating time-dependent covariates through the application of extended Cox proportional hazards modeling.

Methods: This study modeled the time to first cavitated dental caries in permanent teeth among school-aged children and assessed factors associated with this event. A cohort of 98 low socioeconomic status African-American children with mean age of 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12289DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6420363PMC
December 2019
1 Read

Factors affecting the Affordable Care Act Marketplace stand-alone pediatric dental plan premiums.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Sep 20;78(4):360-364. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Background: Children from lower income families have inadequate dental insurance coverage and poorer dental health in the United States. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) created Health Insurance Exchange Marketplaces to increase competition among health insurers and to provide low-income families with less costly health plans. The study examined Marketplace pediatric stand-alone dental plans (SADPs) and factors that affect their premiums. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12287DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309299PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Association between type of health insurance and children's oral health, NHANES 2011-2014.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Sep 31;78(4):337-345. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Objectives: To examine the association between type of health insurance (public, uninsured, private, or other) and oral health outcomes for children in the United States using nationally representative surveillance data.

Methods: Using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011/12-2013/14), logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds of any dental caries and any untreated caries by type of health insurance (public, uninsured, private, and other) for children aged 2-19 years, with adjustment for relevant individual and socioeconomic characteristics.

Results: Among 6,057 children, the odds of having any dental caries or untreated caries was not significantly different for publicly insured and uninsured children compared to privately insured children, when adjusting for family income and education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12278DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6279554PMC
September 2018
17 Reads

Associations of fluoride intake with children's cortical bone mineral and strength measures at age 11.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Sep 29;78(4):352-359. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Research Consultant, Morro Bay, CA, USA.

Objectives: There is strong affinity between fluoride and calcium, and mineralized tissues. Investigations of fluoride and bone health during childhood and adolescence show inconsistent results. This analysis assessed associations between period-specific and cumulative fluoride intakes from birth to age 11, and age 11 cortical bone measures obtained using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) of the radius and tibia (n = 424). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12286DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6279557PMC
September 2018
19 Reads

Caregivers' understanding of fluoride varnish: implications for future clinical strategies and research on preventive care decision making.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Sep 28;78(4):282-286. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Oral Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Objective: To describe caregivers' understanding of fluoride varnish.

Methods: We administered the Oral Health Literacy Inventory for Parents within a pediatric dental clinic (N = 113). Caregivers were asked to read and define each item. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12277DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6279504PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Impact of public dental care spending and insurance coverage on utilization disparities among Canadian jurisdictions.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Sep 23;78(4):346-351. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Objective: To investigate the role of public dental care spending and insurance coverage on dental services utilization disparities among different Canadian jurisdictions.

Methods: We utilized Canadian Institute for Health Information provincial/territorial per capita estimates for public dental care expenditure, public information on legislated dental care programs, and oral health data from the 2007-2008 Canadian Community Health Survey to make inferences regarding the relationship between dentist visits in the past 12 months and self-perceived oral health. We performed descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression analysis to determine the relationship between dentist visits and self-perceived oral health status at the provincial/territorial level and on stratified data based on three age groups - children (12-17 years), adults (18-64 years), and seniors (65 years and older). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12283DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Total observed caries experience: assessing the effectiveness of community-based caries prevention.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Sep 16;78(4):287-290. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Epidemiology and Health Promotion, College of Dentistry, New York University, New York, NY, USA.

Objectives: To compare common measures for dental caries in longitudinal caries research in support of a new measure, the Total Observed Caries Experience (TOCE).

Methods: TOCE was calculated as the total number of decayed or filled teeth ever observed. TOCE was compared to dmft, DMFT, and the prevalence of untreated decay using data from a 4-year, cluster randomized community-based caries prevention program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12284DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6279466PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Implementing an early childhood oral health program in a federally qualified health center in North Carolina.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Sep 13;78(4):329-336. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Department of Biostatistics, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Objectives: To examine the Baby Oral Health Program's (bOHP) influence on dental visits for children 0 to 3 years and overall dental visits in four federally qualified health center (FQHC) clinics.

Methods: Using an interrupted time series study design, administrative data were obtained for the year prior and following the intervention. The intervention included dental staff training on early childhood oral health, quality improvement, and monthly visits during the follow-up intervention period. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jphd.12276
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12276DOI Listing
September 2018
9 Reads

ADA Health Policy Institute's methodology overestimates spatial access to dental care for publicly insured children.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Sep 7;78(4):291-295. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Department of Community Dentistry and Behavioral Science, College of Dentistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Objective: This article discusses the sources of overestimation of spatial access as recently provided by the Health Policy Institute (HPI) of the American Dental Association.

Methods: Sources of overestimation of access included estimation of Medicaid participation and capacity and limitations of the access measurement approach.

Results: While the HPI analysis used a 30% Medicaid acceptance rate for Florida, 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12285DOI Listing
September 2018
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Dental safety net capacity: An innovative use of existing data to measure dentists' clinical engagement in state Medicaid programs.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Jun 13;78(3):266-274. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Office of the Dean, Indiana University School of Dentistry, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Background: The demand for dentists available for state Medicaid populations has long outpaced the supply of such providers. To help understand the workforce dynamics, this study sought to develop a novel approach to measuring dentists' relative contribution to the dental safety net and, using this new measurement, identify demographic and practice characteristics predictive of dentists' willingness to participate in Indiana's Medicaid program.

Methods: We examined Medicaid claims data for 1,023 Indiana dentists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12272DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

Longitudinal associations between dental caries increment and risk factors in late childhood and adolescence.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Sep 12;78(4):321-328. Epub 2018 May 12.

Department of Preventive & Community Dentistry, College of Dentistry, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA.

Objectives: To assess longitudinal associations between permanent tooth caries increment and both modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors, using best subsets model selection.

Methods: The Iowa Fluoride Study has followed a birth cohort with standardized caries exams without radiographs of the permanent dentition conducted at about ages 9, 13, and 17 years. Questionnaires were sent semi-annually to assess fluoride exposures and intakes, select food and beverage intakes, and tooth brushing frequency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12275DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6231991PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Exploring the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and oral health-related quality of life.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Sep 12;78(4):313-320. Epub 2018 May 12.

Department of Health Services Research & Administration, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

Objectives: Evidence indicates that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have destructive impacts on quality of life, health outcomes, and health-care expenditures. Studies further demonstrate a dose-response relationship between the number of ACEs and risk for experiencing chronic illness, such as oral diseases later in life. Research is scarce on the prioritization of contextualized public health interventions addressing this important threat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12274DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Oral health and school performance in a group of schoolchildren from the Federal District, Brazil.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Sep 12;78(4):306-312. Epub 2018 May 12.

Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Objectives: To evaluate whether an association exists between school performance, quality of life, dental caries, and dental pain in children between 6 and 8 years of age.

Methods: All 6- to 8-year-old children enrolled in the second year of the six public schools in Paranoá-FD were invited to participate in this cross-sectional study. In total, 374 consented. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jphd.12273
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12273DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Absence of a moderating effect of parent health literacy on Early Head Start enrollment and dental use.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Jun 16;78(3):257-265. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Department of Health Policy and Management, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Objectives: To examine the moderating effect of parents' health literacy (HL) on the effectiveness of North Carolina Early Head Start (EHS) in improving children's dental use.

Methods: Parents of 479 children enrolled in EHS and 699 Medicaid-matched parent-child dyads were interviewed at baseline when children were approximately 10 months old and 24 months later. We used in-person computer-assisted, structured interviews to collect information on sociodemographic characteristics, dental use, and administer the Short Assessment of Health Literacy - Spanish and English (SAHL-S&E). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12269DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6123271PMC
June 2018
7 Reads

Oral health knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) in rural Haiti: a 40-year follow-up study.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Jun 14;78(3):192-196. Epub 2018 Apr 14.

Private Practitioner, Greenville, SC, USA.

This paper reports the changed findings over a 40-year period on oral health knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of a very remote and rural population living the Jeremie region of Haiti. The far-sighted investigators of that original 1970 survey stated in their published 1972 paper that our "…findings are descriptive, but have to be accepted tentatively rather than definitively because time was short, transportation was difficult, and the small sample that had to be used could not random." They further insightfully stated their hopes that their "…results may be regarded as an anthropological cultural baseline from which to review further findings concerning Haitian dental beliefs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12270DOI Listing
June 2018
8 Reads

Feasibility of recruiting publicly insured children with special health care needs for a population-based clinical study.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Sep 12;78(4):277-281. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Oral Health Sciences, B509f Health Sciences Building, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Objective: Assess the feasibility of recruiting children with special health care needs (CSHCN) into a clinical study using Medicaid data.

Methods: We used the 3M Clinical Risk Grouping software to identify and classify Medicaid-enrolled CSHCN ages 7-17 years in Washington into one of three chronic condition severity groups: episodic, life-long, or malignancy/catastrophic. We compared contact, recruitment, enrollment, and data completion proportions across severity groups using the Pearson chi-square or Fisher's exact test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12271DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Integrative and collaborative care models between pediatric oral health and primary care providers: a scoping review of the literature.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Jun 30;78(3):246-256. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Objectives: Collaborative and/or integrative care between oral health and primary care providers can increase access to care to a more expansive population, helping to mitigate oral health related disease. The objective of this review was to present and evaluate different types of care models that exist between oral health and primary care providers in pediatric settings.

Methods: A literature search was conducted using five databases: MEDLINE/PubMed, ISI Web of Science, Dentistry and Oral Sciences Source, Cochrane Database, and EMBASE, to identify literature from January 1990 to January 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12267DOI Listing
June 2018
8 Reads

Community water fluoridation online: an analysis of the digital media ecosystem.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Sep 30;78(4):296-305. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Oral Health Policy and Epidemiology, Boston, MA, USA.

Objectives: Research demonstrates the safety and efficacy of community water fluoridation (CWF). Yet, the digitization of communication has triggered the spread of inaccurate information online. The purpose of this study was to analyze patterns of CWF information dissemination by a network of sources on the web. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12268DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads
1.644 Impact Factor

Association of oral health literacy with oral health behaviors, perception, knowledge, and dental treatment related outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Jun 2;78(3):231-245. Epub 2018 Mar 2.

Department of Paediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Objectives: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis regarding the association of oral health literacy (OHL) with oral health behaviors, perception, knowledge, and dental treatment related outcomes.

Methods: Eight electronic databases were searched up until June 2017. Studies regarding the aforementioned outcomes measuring OHL through a validated instrument and in which OHL was an explanatory variable were included. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jphd.12266
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12266DOI Listing
June 2018
6 Reads

Evidence of effectiveness of preventive dental care in reducing dental treatment use and related expenditures.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Jun 6;78(3):203-213. Epub 2018 Feb 6.

UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Objectives: Preventive dental health services are intended to reduce the likelihood of development of tooth decay and the need for more intensive treatment overtime. The evidence on the effectiveness of preventive dental care in reducing treatment services and expenditures is lagging for adults, particularly those with lower incomes and chronic conditions. We assessed the impact of preventive dental services on dental treatment service use and expenditures overall and by category of service. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12262DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

Socioeconomic and behavioral determinants of tooth brushing frequency: results from the representative French 2010 HBSC cross-sectional study.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Jun 29;78(3):221-230. Epub 2018 Jan 29.

Department of Anatomical Sciences and Radiology, Paul Sabatier University, Toulouse University Hospital, Toulouse, France.

Objectives: To describe tooth brushing frequency and its association with a wide range of socioeconomic and behavioral characteristics, using a nationally representative sample of school-aged children in France.

Methods: Our sample included 11,337 students aged from 10 to 16 years, who answered the HBSC questionnaire. Some variables were grouped into composite variables, thus generating scores for: eating habits, health and body, relationships with parents, socioeconomic status (SES) of family, and school life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12265DOI Listing
June 2018
6 Reads

Dental therapists linked to improved dental outcomes for Alaska Native communities in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Mar 29;78(2):175-182. Epub 2018 Jan 29.

Center for Studies in Demography and Ecology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Objectives: Dental Health Aide Therapists (DHATs) have been part of the dental workforce in Alaska's Yukon-Kuskokwim (YK) Delta since 2006. They are trained to provide preventive and restorative care such as filling and extractions. In this study, we evaluated community-level dental outcomes associated with DHATs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12263DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6019600PMC
March 2018
5 Reads

Type and timing of dietary acid intake and tooth wear among American adults.

J Public Health Dent 2018 Jun 11;78(3):214-220. Epub 2018 Jan 11.

Division of Population and Patient Health, King's College London Dental Institute at Guy's, King's College and St. Thomas' Hospitals, London, UK.

Objectives: To explore the interrelationship between type and timing of dietary acid intake and tooth wear among American adults.

Methods: This study used data from 3,586 adults, aged 18 years and older, who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-04. Information on four types of acidic food and beverages (fruits, fruit juices, alcoholic drinks, and soft drinks) and timing of consumption (meals versus snacks, defined according to percentage of total energy intake, self-reported eating occasion, and time of day) was extracted from two 24-hour dietary recalls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphd.12264DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads