2,804 results match your criteria Journal of Pediatric Psychology [Journal]


Developing Machine Learning Models for Behavioral Coding.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Wayne State University.

Objective: The goal of this research is to develop a machine learning supervised classification model to automatically code clinical encounter transcripts using a behavioral code scheme.

Methods: We first evaluated the efficacy of eight state-of-the-art machine learning classification models to recognize patient-provider communication behaviors operationalized by the motivational interviewing framework. Data were collected during the course of a single weight loss intervention session with 37 African American adolescents and their caregivers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy113DOI Listing
January 2019

Friendship Quality Over Time in Youth With Spina Bifida Compared to Peers.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Psychology Department, Loyola University Chicago.

Objective: Examine friendship qualities (i.e., control, prosocial skills, positive affect, support, companionship, conflict, help, security, and closeness) and perceived self-efficacy in friendships of children with spina bifida (SB) and chosen peers over time through observed behaviors and self-report. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy111DOI Listing
January 2019

Investigating the Sleep-Pain Relationship in Youth with Sickle Cell Utilizing mHealth Technology.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Pediatrics, East Carolina University.

Objectives: The current study utilized mHealth technologies that were objective (e.g., sleep actigraphy and pulse oximetry) and time-sensitive (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy105DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Erratum.

Authors:

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy114DOI Listing
January 2019

Neurocognitive Difficulties Among Youth with POTS within an Intensive Pain Rehabilitation Program.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Jan 12. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

Mayo Clinic.

Objective: Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) commonly report cognitive difficulties, though there is limited information regarding the objective measurement of neurocognitive deficits in this population. This study described the rates of subjectively experienced and objectively measured neurocognitive difficulties and explored effects of medications on neurocognitive functioning among AYAs with POTS admitted to an intensive outpatient pain rehabilitation program.

Methods: Participants in a pain rehabilitation program diagnosed with POTS (N = 96; ages 12-22) were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy106DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Positive Illusory Bias Still Illusory? Investigating Discrepant Self-Perceptions in Girls with ADHD.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley.

Objective: To examine whether girls with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) demonstrate positive illusory self-perceptions during adolescence and young adulthood.

Methods: We tested, across a 5-year longitudinal span, whether self-perceptions versus external-source ratings were more strongly predictive of young adulthood impairment and depressive symptoms. Participants included an ethnically diverse sample of 140 girls with ADHD and 88 comparison girls, aged 11-18 years (M = 14. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy109DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Utility of the PROMIS Pediatric Pain Interference Scale in Juvenile Fibromyalgia.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Division of Behavioral Medicine & Clinical Psychology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.

Objective: The current study tested the utility of the PROMIS Pediatric Pain Interference (PPI) in relation to the widely-used Functional Disability Inventory (FDI) in a small-scale clinical trial.

Methods: Forty youth with juvenile fibromyalgia (JFM) were randomized to either CBT only or a combined CBT and neuromuscular exercise group (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy110DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Knowledge of Late Effects Risks and Healthcare Responsibility in Adolescents and Young Adults Treated for Childhood Cancer.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Aflac Cancer and Blood Disorders Center, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta.

Objective: This study aimed to examine the level and predictors of knowledge of late effects risks from childhood cancer treatment in adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors.

Methods: Seventy-three AYAs, aged 14-21, completed measures of knowledge of late effect risks, executive functioning, and responsibility for health self-management. Sixty-seven parents of these AYA survivors (91. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy102DOI Listing
January 2019

How Do Mothers and Fathers Interact With Their Children After An Injury? Exploring the Role of Parental Acute Stress, Optimism, and Self-Efficacy.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Murdoch Children's Research Institute.

Objective: In the aftermath of a child injury, children and parents can jointly experience acute stress symptoms. Optimism and self-efficacy might buffer against post-traumatic stress disorder. Knowing that children are innately receptive to parent modeling, we were interested in exploring how parent acute stress, optimism, and self-efficacy might transpire in parent-child interactions and whether any differences existed between mothers and fathers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy107DOI Listing
January 2019

Technology Use and Sleep in Adolescents With and Without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.

Objectives: This study used a multi-informant approach to examine differences in types and rates of technology used by adolescents with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), associations between technology use and sleep/daytime sleepiness, and whether technology use was differentially related to sleep/daytime sleepiness in adolescents with and without ADHD.

Methods: Eighth graders with (n = 162) and without (n = 140) ADHD were recruited. Adolescents completed questionnaires assessing time spent using technology, sleep-wake problems, school-night time in bed, and daytime sleepiness. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jpepsy/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy101DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Gender Bias in Pediatric Pain Assessment.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Yale University.

Objective: Accurate assessment of pain is central to diagnosis and treatment in healthcare, especially in pediatrics. However, few studies have examined potential biases in adult observer ratings of children's pain. Cohen, Cobb, & Martin (2014. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jpepsy/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy104DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Effects of Peers on Child Pedestrian Behaviors in a Virtual Traffic Context.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Jan 5. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Department of Psychology, University of Guelph.

Objectives: Research shows that school-aged children are at high risk of pedestrian injury when they cross streets with peers. How peers exert their influence is unknown. Using a fully immersive virtual reality pedestrian environment, this study examined the impact of peers on children's pedestrian behaviors. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jpepsy/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy103DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Commentary: Personal and Research Integrity: The Cornerstone of Dennis Drotar's Scientific Accomplishments.

Authors:
Tonya M Palermo

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Jan;44(1):19-20

Seattle Children's Research Institute, University of Washington School of Medicine.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy081DOI Listing
January 2019

Within-Subject Associations of Maternal Physical Activity Parenting Practices on Children's Objectively Measured Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California.

Objective: Longitudinal within-subject (WS) associations of mothers' momentary assessed physical activity (PA) parenting practices were examined with children's objectively measured PA during the same 2-hr time frame.

Method: Mother-child dyads (n = 189) completed five ecological momentary assessment (EMA) measurement bursts over 3 years. During each 7-day burst, mothers EMA-reported their past 2 hr PA parenting practices (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy100DOI Listing
January 2019

Mindfulness, Worries, and Parenting in Parents of Children With Type 1 Diabetes.

J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Dec 24. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Department of Experimental, Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University.

Objective: Parents of children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) often experience distress and worries, which may negatively impact their parenting behaviors. The current study investigates parental mindfulness (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy094DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

A Systematic Review of Behavioral Intervention Technologies for Youth With Chronic Health Conditions and Physical and Intellectual Disabilities: Implications for Adolescents and Young Adults With Spina Bifida.

J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Psychology Department, Loyola University Chicago.

Objective: Behavioral intervention technologies (BITs) stand as a promising delivery mechanism that overcomes multiple condition-specific and access barriers for self-management interventions for adolescents and young adults with spina bifida (AYA-SB). The purpose of the current review was to synthesize the behavioral and self-management intervention literature in conditions that have overlapping symptoms with youth with SB and to develop a model of likely user needs for AYA-SB that promotes self-management.

Method: The search strategy was conducted by a medical research librarian in the following databases: MEDLINE (Ovid), EMBASE (Elsevier), PsycINFO (EbscoHost), the Cochrane Library (Wiley), and Web of Science (Thomson Reuters) databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy097DOI Listing
December 2018

Moving Beyond Role-Play: Evaluating the Use of Virtual Reality to Teach Emotion Regulation for the Prevention of Adolescent Risk Behavior Within a Randomized Pilot Trial.

J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Bradley/Hasbro Children's Research Center/Rhode Island Hospital and the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University.

Objective: The purpose of the current pilot study was to evaluate the acceptability and preliminary impact of using immersive virtual reality environments (IVREs) paired with a brief emotion regulation and risk reduction intervention (ER + IVRE) relative to this same intervention content paired with role-plays (ER + RP).

Methods: Eighty-five adolescents attending middle school (grades 6th-8th; ages 12-15 years) in an urban northeast city were recruited and randomized to ER + IVRE (n = 44) or ER + RP (n = 41) and had complete data. Data examining acceptability, feasibility, sexual knowledge and attitudes, and ER were collected at baseline and 3 months after intervention completion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy092DOI Listing
December 2018

Disease Severity and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: The Mediating Role of Parent and Youth Illness Uncertainty.

J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Oklahoma State University.

Objective: The objective of this study is to examine parent and youth appraisals of illness uncertainty as potential serial mediators in the relation between disease severity and youth depressive symptoms in adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Methods: Participants were 85 adolescents 13-18 years of age (Mage = 15.75, SD =1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy091DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Commentary: A Tribute to Dr. Dennis Drotar: Architect of Behavioral Health Care for Children With Complex Medical Conditions.

Authors:
Thomas F Boat

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Jan;44(1):137-138

University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy093DOI Listing
January 2019

Corrigendum.

Authors:

J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy099DOI Listing
November 2018

Corrigendum.

Authors:

J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy098DOI Listing
November 2018

Introduction to the Special Issue on Adherence: A Tribute to Dennis Drotar.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Jan;44(1):1-4

Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy095DOI Listing
January 2019

Pain Acceptance in Adolescents: Development of a Short Form of the CPAQ-A.

J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Bath Centre for Pain Services, Royal United Hospitals Bath, Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases.

Objective: Acceptance of pain is a predictor of pain-related disability and treatment outcome in adolescents with pain. This variable has been previously measured using the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire for Adolescents (CPAQ-A, McCracken, Gauntlett-Gilbert, & Eccleston, European Journal of Pain, 14, 316-320, 2010). We set out to create a short, eight-item, form of this instrument that retained its factor structure and clinical utility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy090DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Bidirectional Effects of Sleep and Sedentary Behavior Among Toddlers: A Dynamic Multilevel Modeling Approach.

J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine.

Objective: To examine the bidirectional effects of objectively measured nighttime sleep and sedentary activity among toddlers.

Method: Actical accelerometer data were analyzed for 195 toddlers participating in an obesity prevention trial (mean age = 27 months). Toddlers wore the accelerometers for up to 7 consecutive days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy089DOI Listing
November 2018

Commentary: Methods and Designs for T1 Translation in Pediatric Psychology.

J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Center for Behavior and Health, Institute for Public Health and Medicine, Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy083DOI Listing
November 2018

The Relationship of Adolescent and Parent Preferences for Treatment Modality With Satisfaction, Attrition, Adherence, and Efficacy: The Coping With Head Injury Through Problem-Solving (CHIPS) Study.

J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.

Objective: To characterize treatment preferences for delivery of family problem-solving treatment (F-PST) to adolescents with behavioral challenges following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to examine associations with attrition, adherence, satisfaction, and efficacy.

Method: Adolescents who had been hospitalized for moderate to severe TBI were randomized to face-to-face F-PST (n = 34), therapist-guided online F-PST (n = 56), and self-guided online F-PST (n = 60). Adolescents and parents rated treatment convenience and anticipated benefit before group assignment. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jpepsy/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy087DOI Listing
November 2018
16 Reads

Psychosocial Outcomes of Children and Adolescents With Severe Congenital Heart Defect: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Nov 17. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University.

Objective: Over the past 20 years, there has been a growing interest in the psychosocial outcomes of children and adolescents born with a congenital heart defect (CHD). This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to appraise and synthesize current literature on the psychosocial outcomes of children and adolescents with severe CHD.

Methods: A search of studies examining psychosocial outcomes in children and adolescents with severe CHD was performed. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jpepsy/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy085DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Household Food Insecurity in Early Adolescence and Risk of Subsequent Behavior Problems: Does a Connection Persist Over Time?

J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Psychology, Loyola University of Maryland.

Objective: Household food insecurity is common among U.S. families, and adolescents are almost twice as likely as school-aged children to be food insecure. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jpepsy/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy088DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Content and Usability Evaluation of Medication Adherence Mobile Applications for Use in Pediatrics.

J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Center for Adherence and Self-Management.

Objective: The objective of this study was to systematically evaluate commercially available medication adherence apps for the inclusion of behavior change techniques (BCTs) and to conduct a usability analysis on a subset of apps with adolescents and young adults living with a chronic illness.

Methods: Medication adherence apps were identified via a search of iTunes app store in August 2016. Seventy-five apps meeting initial inclusion criteria were independently coded by two researchers for the presence/absence of 26 BCTs. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jpepsy/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy086DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Parental Adjustment following Pediatric Burn Injury: The Role of Guilt, Shame, and Self-Compassion.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Mar;44(2):229-237

Division of Psychology and Mental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre, M13.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between factors: guilt, shame, self-compassion, and parents' psychological adjustment to their child's burn injury.

Methods: Participants were 91 parents and primary caregivers (63 mothers, 25 fathers, 3 other) of 71 children recruited on the ward or at outpatient clinics during the first 8 weeks following their child's burn injury. In 20 cases, both parents participated, while for 51 children only one parent participated. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jpepsy/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy079DOI Listing
March 2019
20 Reads

Featured Article: Depressive Symptoms in Parents of Children With Chronic Health Conditions: A Meta-Analysis.

Authors:
Martin Pinquart

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Mar;44(2):139-149

Department of Psychology, Philipps University of Marburg.

Objective: Caring for children with chronic health conditions is associated with stressors that may impair mental health. The goal of our meta-analysis was to analyze depressive symptoms among parents who care for a child or adolescent with chronic physical disease and/or sensory disability and/or physical disability compared with parents of healthy children or test norms.

Methods: A systematic search through electronic databases identified 460 relevant studies that were included in a random-effects meta-analysis. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jpepsy/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy075DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

Topical Review: Design Considerations When Creating Pediatric Mobile Health Interventions: Applying the IDEAS Framework.

J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Oct 20. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Warren Alpert School of Medicine at Brown University and The Miriam Hospital.

Objective: To present a guiding framework from the perspective of psychologists and technologists to develop effective mobile health (mHealth) interventions for pediatric populations.

Methods: This topical review uses the IDEAS framework as an organizational method to summarize current strategies to conceptualize, design, evaluate, and disseminate mHealth interventions.

Results: Incorporating theories of behavior change and feedback from target populations are essential when developing mHealth interventions. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jpepsy/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy084DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Authors' Reply to Commentary: Cognitive Assessment of Infants With Motor Impairment: An Important Problem and Best Available Objective Evidence.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Mar;44(2):256-258

Cerebral Palsy Alliance, Discipline of Child and Adolescent Health, The University of Sydney.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy082DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Pediatric Loss-of-Control Eating and Anxiety in Relation to Components of Metabolic Syndrome.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Mar;44(2):220-228

Section on Growth and Obesity, Program in Endocrinology, Metabolism and Genetics, Division of Intramural Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), National Institutes of Health (NIH), DHHS.

Objective: Pediatric loss-of-control (LOC) eating is associated with, and predictive of, gains in adiposity and adverse metabolic outcomes. In addition, some preliminary data suggest that anxiety may exacerbate the relationship of LOC eating with weight and metabolic syndrome (MetS)-related measures. We therefore examined whether anxiety moderated the relationship between LOC eating and body mass index z (BMIz), adiposity, and MetS-related measures in youth. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jpepsy/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy077DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365092PMC
March 2019
11 Reads

Validity, Reliability, and Measurement Invariance of the Diabetes Stress Questionnaire-Short Form.

J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Oct 6. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

University of Tennessee Health Science Center.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to develop a short form of the Diabetes Stress Questionnaire (DSQ) with adequate psychometric properties (i.e., internal consistency, convergent, criterion, discriminant validity, construct validity, and measurement invariance). Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jpepsy/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy078DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Association Between Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Stress Hormones With Cognitive Performance in Mexican Adolescents.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Mar;44(2):208-219

Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México.

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine whether cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and stress hormones are associated with cognitive performance in Mexican adolescents.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study including 139 Mexican adolescents 10-14 years old. Participants were divided into three categories: 0, 1-2, and ≥3 CVD risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy074DOI Listing

A Multi-Site Study of Social Cognitive Factors Related to Adherence Among Youth Living With HIV in the New Era of Antiretroviral Medication.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Jan;44(1):98-109

Department of Family Medicine and Public Health Sciences, Wayne State University School of Medicine.

Objective: The goal of the current study was to determine how a set of social cognitive factors predict antiretroviral therapy (ART) medication adherence in youth living with HIV in an era of newer highly active ART medications using a conceptual model.

Methods: Behaviorally infected youth living with HIV ages 13-24 (N = 822) from 14 sites within the Adolescent Medicine Trials Unit (AMTU) were included in the study. Structural equation modeling was used to explore predictors of ART medication adherence. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jpepsy/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy076DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319449PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Patient Health Beliefs and Characteristics Predict Longitudinal Antihypertensive Medication Adherence in Adolescents With CKD.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Jan;44(1):40-51

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.

Objective: To investigate longitudinal associations of health beliefs, which included self-efficacy, outcome expectancies, and perceived barriers, and demographic risk factors (i.e., age, gender, race, and family income) with antihypertensive medication adherence in adolescents with chronic kidney disease (CKD) over 24 months. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jpepsy/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy073DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319443PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Adolescent Emotional Control Moderates Benefits of a Multicomponent Intervention to Improve Type 1 Diabetes Adherence: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Jan;44(1):126-136

Center for Technology and Behavioral Health, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth.

Objective: We previously tested via randomized controlled trial a novel intervention for adolescents with type 1 diabetes and above-target glycemic control that combined web-delivered incentives for self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) and brief web counseling with working memory training and parental contingency contracting training. Results showed improved SMBG and decreased glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) at 6- and 12-month follow-ups. However, it has not been elucidated if improvements in SMBG mediated the immediate benefits of this treatment on HbA1c nor if this intensive intervention uniquely benefited a subgroup of adolescents with higher problems in emotional control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319445PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Adjustment in Childhood Cancer Survivors, Healthy Peers, and Their Parents: The Mediating Role of the Parent-Child Relationship.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Mar;44(2):186-196

Department of Psychology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital.

Objectives: Aims were to (1) determine whether the associations between parent psychological functioning and adjustment outcomes of childhood cancer survivors (CCS) were mediated by the parent-child relationship and (2) examine possible differences in pathways for CCS and healthy peers.

Method: The study included CCS (n = 206), healthy peers (n = 132), and their primary caregivers. Youth (8-21 years) reported on the quality of the parent-child relationship and on their positive and negative adjustment outcomes. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jpepsy/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy069DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365093PMC
March 2019
7 Reads

Psychometric Properties of Assessments of Cognition in Infants With Cerebral Palsy or Motor Impairment: A Systematic Review.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Mar;44(2):238-252

Cerebral Palsy Alliance, Discipline of Child and Adolescent Health, The University of Sydney.

Objective: Approximately 50% of people with cerebral palsy have a cognitive impairment. However, many tools used to assess cognition in infants require almost normal fine motor ability, and thus may not accurately reflect cognitive abilities of infants with cerebral palsy or other motor impairments. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of cognitive assessment tools for infants aged 0-24 months with motor impairments and to make recommendations about the most appropriate cognitive assessment tools for the purpose of discrimination, prediction, and evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy068DOI Listing

Multisite Randomized Clinical Trial Evaluating an Online Self-Management Program for Adolescents With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis.

J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Sep 10. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Hospital for Sick Children.

Objective: To determine the efficacy in improving pain and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of an online self-management program for adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA).

Methods: Youth ages 12-18 years with JIA were recruited from 10 rheumatology clinics across the United States and randomized to complete an online self-management program (n = 144) or an online disease education program (n = 145). Participants in the self-management group worked through multimedia-based modules comprising psychoeducation, training in cognitive-behavioral coping skills and stress management, and other self-management topics over a 12-week period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy066DOI Listing
September 2018

Low Self-Esteem for Physical Appearance Mediates the Effect of Body Mass Index on Smoking Initiation Among Adolescents.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Mar;44(2):197-207

Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown University.

Objective: Adolescence is a period during which youth may begin experimenting with substances. Youth with overweight or obesity may be at increased risk for substance use, including cigarette smoking. Understanding the associations between smoking and excess weight and the pathways associated with increased likelihood for smoking initiation is of particular importance given the increased risk for negative health outcomes associated with each. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy070DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365094PMC

Commentary: An Important Problem but a "Probably Don't Do It" Solution.

Authors:
Glen P Aylward

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Mar;44(2):253-255

Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics/Psychology, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy072DOI Listing

Personal Projects and Psychological Well-Being: Emerging Adults With and Without Diabetes.

Authors:
Vicki S Helgeson

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Mar;44(2):176-185

Carnegie Mellon University.

Objective: The goal of this study was to examine the nature of the personal projects that emerging adults with and without diabetes were pursuing and the implications of those projects for psychological well-being.

Methods: We asked emerging adults with and without type 1 diabetes to identify five personal projects, rate four dimensions of those projects (importance, typicality, stress, and progress), and complete several well-being measures (depressive symptoms, life purpose, life satisfaction, perceived stress, and resilience) when they were age 19. Those with diabetes also indicated the extent to which diabetes interfered with each of the projects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy065DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365091PMC

Objectively Measured Adherence in Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes on Multiple Daily Injections and Insulin Pump Therapy.

J Pediatr Psychol 2019 Jan;44(1):21-31

University of Florida.

Objectives: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) poses unique challenges to adherence-related behavior because of complex treatment regimens that vary by use of specific technologies. This study used objective data to determine (1) prevalence rates of adherence behaviors in adolescents with T1D, and (2) relationships between adherence and glycemic control.

Methods: Data were downloaded for the past 30 consecutive days from glucose meters and multiple insulin pump models for 80 youth (11-17 years old; n = 40 on multiple daily injections (MDIs) and n = 40 on continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion [CSII]). Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jpepsy/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy064DOI Listing
January 2019
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Editorial: Making the Move to Single-Blinding in the Journal of Pediatric Psychology.

Authors:
Tonya M Palermo

J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Nov;43(10):1069-1071

Seattle Children's Research Institute, University of Washington School of Medicine.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy067DOI Listing
November 2018