139 results match your criteria Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus[Journal]


Concordant eye movement and motion parallax asymmetries in esotropia.

Vision Res 2008 Mar 6;48(6):799-808. Epub 2008 Feb 6.

Center for Visual Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, North Dakota State University, 1210 Albrecht Boulevard, Fargo, ND 58105, USA.

The role of eye movements in the perception of depth from motion was investigated in esotropia. Elevated motion parallax thresholds have been shown in strabismus [Thompson, A. M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2007.12.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2276660PMC
March 2008
1 Read

A modified Schirmer test: the fine-thread method for measuring lacrimation.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Nov-Dec;14(6):390-7

Fine cotton thread is used instead of the filter paper of the Schirmer test. One end stained with fluorescein is inserted into the lateral upper conjunctival sac for 5-30 seconds. The length of the soaked portion is measured in millimeters and the two eyes are compared with each other. Read More

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April 1978
1 Read

Retinal involvement in tuberous sclerosis.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Nov-Dec;14(6):379-81

In two infants hospitalized at the ages of three and one-half months and 11 months because of epileptic seizures, the diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis was reached upon the basis of retinal astrocytomas found in the fundus examination. It is recommended that indirect ophthalmoscopy be performed in all infants and young children referred with signs possibly related to this disease. Read More

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April 1978
1 Read

Hallermann-Streiff-Francois syndrome.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Nov-Dec;14(6):373-8

This is a typical case of Hallermann-Streiff-Francois Syndrome in which the glaucomatous complication may be caused by developmental malformations in the anterior segment of the eye. Bilateral trabeculectomy succeeded in controlling the tension after a follow-up of two years. Glaucomatous complication seems to be frequent and as important as the other described cardinal symptoms. Read More

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April 1978
2 Reads

Mesoectodermal dysgenesis: familial iris anomaly.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Nov-Dec;14(6):368-72

A family is described with hypoplasia of the anterior iris stroma, no angle anomalies, and no glaucoma. The pedigree is suggestive of an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. This is compared to the main peripheral malformations of the anterior chamber cleavage syndrome and other disease entities with similar iris changes. Read More

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April 1978
2 Reads

Epibulbar rhabdomyosarcoma without proptosis.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Nov-Dec;14(6):364-7

Orbital rhabdomyosarcoma presenting as a localized, epibulbar mass is unusual, but common enough for the clinician to be aware of it. Although there has been a recent trend toward simple biopsy followed by irradiation and chemotherapy, cases presenting in this manner may sometimes be managed by total excision with preservation of the globe, follwed by irradiation and chemotherapy. A case of such an epibulbar rhabdomyosarcoma is presented as an illustrative example. Read More

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April 1978
1 Read

Periorbital cellulitis.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Nov-Dec;14(6):354-63

Sixty-seven cases of orbital cellulitis from BGSM are reported and 247 cases from the literature reviewed. Staphylococcus aureus was the predominant pathogen except in the age group from three months to three years where a significant number of cases yielded Hemophilus influenzae and Diplococcus pneumoniae. The frequent association of paranasal sinus involvement and orbital cellulitis has been confirmed. Read More

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April 1978
1 Read

Atypical ocular toxocariasis.

Authors:
T J Liesegang

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Nov-Dec;14(6):349-53

The case presented emphasizes that Toxocara Canis can involve the anterior segment of the eye as an isolated disease process. Most cases of ocular Toxocara Canis are not associated with the other features of the visceral larva migrans syndrome but certainly represents a spectrum of the same parasitic disease. At present, an eosinophil count and isohemagglutinin titers against A and B blood groups appear the easiest hematologic studies to perform and are fairly reliable indicators of active Toxocara infestation. Read More

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April 1978
1 Read

Uveitis and ophthalmoplegia complicating chickenpox.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Nov-Dec;14(6):346-8

Two cases of unilateral uveitis which appeared in association with chickenpox are presented. In one of them internal ophthalmoplegia was seen. Possible pathogenic mechanisms are discussed. Read More

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April 1978
1 Read

Isolated unilateral gaze palsy.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Nov-Dec;14(6):343-5

A case of an isolated unilateral horizontal gaze paralysis is presented. The abnormality has remained static and in isolation for more than three years. A review of the benign causes of pontine gaze palsies is presented. Read More

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April 1978
1 Read

Surgical correction of dissociated vertical deviations.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Nov-Dec;14(6):337-42

The surgical treatment and results of 17 patients with DVD is presented. Supermaximum recessions of the superior rectus muscle were performed on the deviating eye. No lid changes or any limitation of elevation were noted following the surgery. Read More

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April 1978
1 Read

Amblyopia: a long-term follow-up.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Nov-Dec;14(6):333-6

This report concerns the late results of therapy in the treatment of strabismic amblyopia. Of the patients who achieved a visual acuity of 20/40 or better (56%), 40 percent maintained this on prolonged follow-up. Those whose visual acuity deteriorated, the majority lost two lines or less in their acuity. Read More

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April 1978
1 Read

Congenital ocular anomalies in Pondicherry.

Authors:
S Kapoor M Kapoor

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Nov-Dec;14(6):382-9

Congenital anomalies of the eye and ocular adnexa occurring in Pondicherry have been described. Anophthalmos, microphthalmos, limbal dermoids, nervus of Ota, anterior lenticonus, buphthalmos, and congenital cataract are very common. Onset of cataract in young individuals was caused by abnormal aminoaciduria. Read More

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April 1978
2 Reads

A large foam-rubber E as a help with the E-game for vision testing in children.

Authors:
J R Wolter

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Sep-Oct;14(5):320-1

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January 1978
1 Read

Recording ERGs and VERs from unsedated children.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Sep-Oct;14(5):316-9

A technique for recording the electroretinogram and visual evoked response from very young or mentally retarded children without general anesthesia is presented. Illustrative results from both normal and abnormal subjects are shown. The advantages to the patient of avoiding general anesthesia in reduced risk, time, and especially expense are discussed. Read More

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January 1978
1 Read

Juvenile retinal detachment.

Authors:
J Scharf S Zonis

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Sep-Oct;14(5):302-4

Among the total of 537 patients treated for retinal detachment 27 (5.02%) were under the age of 20. In 44. Read More

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January 1978
1 Read

Retrobulbar neuritis and central serous chorioretinopathy.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Sep-Oct;14(5):296-8

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January 1978
2 Reads

Cyclopian monster with anophthalmos.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Sep-Oct;14(5):290-5

A cyclopian monster with anophthalmos is a rare occurrence. Such a case is presented along with a case of a cyclops with synophthalmos. The many abnormalities result from an anomalous development of structures derived from the prosencephalon. Read More

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January 1978
1 Read

Pre- and post-operative treatment of constant and intermittent exotropia.

Authors:
A Tibbs

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Sep-Oct;14(5):284-5

Intermittent exotropia is classified according to the AC/A ratio. Convergence amplitude measured on a light includes accommodative convergence. Amplitude measured while maintaining clear, single, binocular vision on 20/30 print utilizes only true fusional convergence. Read More

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January 1978
1 Read

Abnormal eye movements in rubella syndrome.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Sep-Oct;14(5):281-3

A patient with a characteristic picture of rubella eye disease is presented. Its interest lies in the associated finding of asymmetric nystagmus and ocular flutter. The presence of flutter would indicate cerebellar or cerebellar pathway disease, a previously unassociated finding. Read More

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January 1978
2 Reads

Consecutive cyclic esotropia.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Sep-Oct;14(5):278-80

A 12-year-old girl who developed a cyclic esotropia following strabismus surgery for intermittent exotropia at the age of eight years is presented. Unusual findings and surgical results are described. We suggest the term of "consecutive cyclic esotropia" for this clinical entity. Read More

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January 1978
2 Reads

Neonatal opsoclonus.

Authors:
C S Hoyt

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Sep-Oct;14(5):274-7

Three cases of opsoclonus in normal neonates are reported. There was no evidence of neuroblastoma, encephalitis, or infantile polymyoclonia. It appears that opsoclonus may occur as a transient phenomenon in healthy infants. Read More

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January 1978
1 Read

Childhood myasthenia gravis.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Sep-Oct;14(5):269-73

A boy aged five and a girl aged one year suffering from myasthenia gravis are described. Both cases had respiratory complications and were treated erroneously until their ptosis was noticed and the diagnosis of myasthenia gravis confirmed. The etiology, types, symptomatology, and treatment of the diseases are described. Read More

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January 1978
1 Read

Electroretinography and diagnosis of the Laurence-Moon-Bardet-Biedl syndrome in childhood.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Sep-Oct;14(5):305-8

The cases of two children affected from LMBB syndrome are reported. The first child was six years old, suffering from obesity and mild mental retardation; the other was two years old, suffering from hexadactyly and obesity. In both children the suspected diagnosis of LMBB syndrome was verified by the electroetinographic evidence of a tapetoretinal degeneration although the fundi were atypical. Read More

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January 1978
1 Read

Photic epilepsy evoked by square-wave pulses. Report of a case studied by changing stimulus intensity and duration.

Authors:
Y Honda

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Sep-Oct;14(5):309-15

A spike and wave discharge of photic-evoked myoclonic epilepsy was investigated employing square-wave pulses of a stimulator having mechanical shutter, and the following conclusions were reached. The amplitude of the spike and wave complex of photogenic epilepsy depends on the intensity of photic stimulation when this is investigated in the range from 2.5 X 10(3) ergs/cm2 sec to its 4. Read More

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January 1978
1 Read

Corneal ulcers associated with Goldenhar syndrome.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Sep-Oct;14(5):286-9

Two patients with Goldenhar syndrome developed corneal ulcers. Previous acid burn of the cornea and prolonged topical corticosteroid administration occurred in Patient 1. Predisposing ocular anomalies in patients with Goldenhar syndrome include corneal hypesthesia; keratoconjunctivitis sicca, and exposure secondary to eyelid colobomas, lacrimal gland and duct anomalies, dermoids and lipodermoids, and neurologic deficits. Read More

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January 1978
1 Read

Optic atrophy in the bobble-head doll syndrome.

Authors:
T H Kirkham

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Sep-Oct;14(5):299-301

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January 1978
1 Read

Pediatric dosing considerations in ophthalmology--dosage adjustments based on aqueous humor volume ratio.

Authors:
T F Patton

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Jul-Aug;14(4):254-6

By simplifying a pharmacokinetic treatment, an equation can be derived which predicts that equal areas under aqueous humor concentration-time profiles can be obtained by administering a dose to infants which is some fraction of the normal adult dose. This fraction is obtained by dividing the aqueous humor volume of the child by that of the adult. This theory has been tested using rabbits as an experimental model. Read More

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October 1977
1 Read

Detection of learning disabilities using the visually evoked cortical potential.

Authors:
J P Lux

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Jul-Aug;14(4):248-53

It was proposed that the Visually Evoked Cortical Potential (VECP) could be used to detect learning disabilities. It was found that a comparison of the responses from the two parietal lobes to a checkerboard pattern could provide such a detector. The latency differences had a correlation of . Read More

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October 1977
1 Read

Ocular pathology in infantile type of neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinosis.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Jul-Aug;14(4):235-41

Ocular pathology of the infantile type of ceroid-lipofuscinosis is reported. The material comprised 10 eyes of five autopsies in which the diagnosis had been confirmed by neuropathological autopsy. The condition is clinically characterized by its age of onset from eight to 18 months, rapid psychomotor retardation, ataxia, and muscular hypotony. Read More

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October 1977
1 Read

Arteriovenous fistula of the eyelid: secondary to a chalazion.

Authors:
J R Wolter

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Jul-Aug;14(4):225-7

An arteriovenous fistula developed on the surface of a chronic chalazion of the upper eyelid of a 21-year-old patient during pregnancy. Surgical removal of the vascular mass with ligation of the feeder arteries resulted in a complete cure. Read More

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October 1977
2 Reads

Nonpulsatile exophthalmos in carotid-cavernous sinus fistula.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Jul-Aug;14(4):221-4

An unusual case of carotid artery-cavernous sinus fistula with pulseless exophthalmos is presented in a two and one-half year old child. Though exophthalmos and increased episcleral venous distention were present, the ophthalmic artery pressure was not significantly altered as determined by ocular pneumoplethysmography. Consequently there was no evidence of hypoxic sequelae which frequently occur with this arteriovenous shunt. Read More

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October 1977
1 Read

Congenital teratoma of the orbit.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Jul-Aug;14(4):217-20

A congenital teratoma of the orbit is described. Histologically, the tissues forming the tumor appeared derived from the three germinal layers and showed an advanced degree of differentiation. An exenteration was performed because of suspicion of malignant tumor in the orbit and because of the severe keratitis with impending perforation which ensued the lagophthalmos. Read More

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October 1977
1 Read

Opacities of the lens indicating carrier status in the oculo-cerebro-renal (Lowe) syndrome.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Jul-Aug;14(4):205-12

Three families with a total of five patients with Lowe's syndrome are described. We tried to trace female heterozygotes by ophthalmological abnormalities in order to realize prevention of this serious X-chromosomal recessive disease. Of the fourteen female relatives examined, eight showed pathological opacities of the lens, two of these being proven heterozygotes. Read More

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October 1977
1 Read

Visual acuity and binocularity in children with unilateral acquired aphakia.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Jul-Aug;14(4):200-4

Seventeen cases of unilateral aphakia secondary to acquired cataracts and dislocated lenses were presented. Final visual acuity was 20/70 or better in 12 of our 17 patients. Binocular single vision has been maintained in four cases. Read More

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October 1977
1 Read

Vitreous loss following infantile cataract surgery.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Jul-Aug;14(4):193-9

Vitreous loss occurred in 50 of 475 consecutive eyes undergoing infantile cataract aspirations over a 10-year period. Vitreous loss occurred in eyes predisposed to such loss and in other eyes following the use of faulty instrumentation, poor surgical judgment, or from errors in operative technique. Vitreous loss was managed by the techniques outlined by Castroviejo and Maumanee. Read More

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October 1977
1 Read

Psoriasis associated with anterior uveitis.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Jul-Aug;14(4):213-4

A patient with psoriasis and anterior uveitis is described. In her family the two entities of iridocyclitis and psoriasis occurred separately in two generations and appeared associated in the third generation. Tissue typing of the family revealed HL-A 27 antigen in two members and HL-A 17 in the other two members. Read More

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October 1977
1 Read

Buphthalmos in neurofibromatosis: is it an expression of regional giantism?

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Jul-Aug;14(4):228-34

A case of buphthalmos and regional giantism in neurofibromatosis with the characteristics of the Francois syndrome is reported. Difficulties of early diagnosis are emphasized. A discussion of the mechanisms which may produce buphthalmos in neurofibromatosis is presented. Read More

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October 1977
3 Reads

Electron microscopic study of the orbital lesion of Hand-Schüller-Christian disease.

Authors:
T Amemiya H Yoshida

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Jul-Aug;14(4):242-7

The orbital bone lesion of a patient with Hand-Schüller-Christian disease was examined by electron microscopy. Vacuoles in the cytoplasm of foam cells contained granules which were shown by histochemical examination to be cholesterin. Langerhans cell granules in the histiocytes of Hand-Schüller-Christian disease showed a close resemblance to those in Langerhans cell of the epidermis, eosinophilic granuloma and Letterer-Siwe disease. Read More

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October 1977
3 Reads

Uncommon ocular changes in Down's syndrome (mongolism).

Authors:
K J Awan

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 Jul-Aug;14(4):215-6

A one-year-old White female mongoloid child was seen with typical palpebral fissures, esotropia, myopic astigmatism, and nystagmus. Additional uncommon ocular findings included ganglionic neuroretinal hypoplasia (hypoplasia of the optic nerve) and bilateral congenital impatency of the nasolacrimal duct. An active search for these ocular changes is recommended in cases of Down's syndrome. Read More

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October 1977
1 Read

Massive congenital ocular toxoplasmosis.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 May-Jun;14(3):181

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December 1977
1 Read

Reaction to polyglactin 910 (Vicryl): a case report.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 May-Jun;14(3):178-9

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December 1977
1 Read

Proptosis as presenting symptom of orbital foreign body.

Authors:
J Scharf S Zonis

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 May-Jun;14(3):176-7

An unusual case of orbital foreign body is presented. The foreign body had penetrated through a small wound of the upper lid and was asymtomatic for two years. Proptosis due to hyperostosis of the orbital roof was a presenting symptom of the foreign body. Read More

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December 1977
1 Read

Osteomyelitis of orbital bones.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 May-Jun;14(3):171-5

Clinical, radiological, and microbiological features of seven cases of osteomyelitis involving the orbital parts of the frontal, the maxillary, and the zygomatic bones are described. The cases were managed with antibiotics, curettage, and sequestrectomy. Problems in the correction of deformities due to circatrization are discussed. Read More

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December 1977
1 Read

Congenital, bilateral, epithelial ingrowth into the anterior chamber.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 May-Jun;14(3):160-4

Interior limbal staphyloma due to epithelial ingrowth into the anterior chamber appeared at birth in both eyes of a brother and sister born successively in a family of eight children. The possible etiopathogeny of such an uncommon occurrence is discussed. Read More

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December 1977
1 Read

Pseudotumor as the presenting sign of Wegener's granulomatosis in a child.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 May-Jun;14(3):158-9

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December 1977
1 Read

Subcutaneous granuloma annulare("pseudorheumatoid nodule") of the eyebrow.

Authors:
A P Ferry

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 May-Jun;14(3):154-7

Subcutaneous granuloma annulare occurs either as a single or multiple lesion. When the ocular adnexa are involved, the lateral aspect of the eyelid and the lateral canthus are sites of predilection. These lesions occur chiefly in children and only rarely in adults. Read More

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December 1977
1 Read

Optic nerve hypoplasia in chondrodysplasia punctata.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 May-Jun;14(3):144-7

A case of optic nerve hypoplasia in the Conradi-Hunermann form of chondrodysplasia punctata is reported. This is the first published report of such a case. The authors suggest that optic nerve hypoplasia in chondrodysplasia punctata may be the significant lesion of the optic nerve rather than atrophy as has been previously reported. Read More

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December 1977
1 Read

Bilateral keratoconus in Crouzon's syndrome with unilateral acute hydrops.

Authors:
J R Wolter

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 May-Jun;14(3):141-3

Bilateral keratoconus was first observed at the age of 13 years in a boy born with Crouzon's syndrome. Corneal hydrops (acute keratoconus) occurred in one of the involved eyes at the age of 15 years. It does not seem that an occurrence of keratoconus in Crouzon's disease has been reported before. Read More

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December 1977
1 Read

Myelinated nerve fibers associated with afferent pupillary defect and amblyopia.

Authors:
J C Merritt

J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1977 May-Jun;14(3):139-40

A case is reported of myelinated fibers of the optic nerve associated with amblyopia and an afferent pupillary defect. The optic foramen on the involved side was larger; however, there were no other physical findings to which we could attribute the amblyopia and Marcus Gunn pupil. Read More

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December 1977
1 Read