4,521 results match your criteria Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine[Journal]


Impact of a Structured Weight Management Program on Worker Productivity.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):148-152

Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology & Diabetes, Department of Internal Medicine, Michigan Medicine (Dr Iyengar, Ms Miller, Dr Ajluni, Dr Kraftson, Ms Nay, Ms Brown, Dr Rothberg); Department of Nutritional Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Michigan (Dr Rothberg), Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Objective: To determine the impact of an intensive behavioral weight management program on presenteeism and absenteeism in obese participants employed full-time.

Methods: Participants were recruited from the University of Michigan Weight Management program (WMP), a multidisciplinary lifestyle program targeting 15% body weight loss. Absenteeism and presenteeism were assessed using the World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire (HPQ) at baseline and 6 months. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001504DOI Listing
February 2019

Calendar of Meeting.

Authors:

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):e81

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.jom.0000553593.21810.e6DOI Listing
February 2019

New Highlights.

Authors:

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):e80-e81

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001540DOI Listing
February 2019

Occupational Health of New York City Car Wash Workers.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):e77-e79

Barry Commoner Center for Health and the Environment, Queens College, City University of New York, New York, New York Barry Commoner Center for Health and the Environment, Queens College, City University of New York, New York, New York Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union, New York, New York Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union, New York, New York Barry Commoner Center for Health and the Environment, Queens College, City University of New York, New York, New York.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001520DOI Listing
February 2019

The Occupational Health of Prison Inmates: An Ignored Population and an Opportunity.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):e74-e76

HealthPartners Occupational Medicine, St Paul, Minnesota.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001514DOI Listing
February 2019

A New Look for JOEM.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):e65

Editor-in-Chief, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001543DOI Listing
February 2019

Effects of Household Air Pollution From Solid-Fuel Use and Environmental Tobacco Smoke on Child Health Outcomes In Indonesia.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Jalan P.B. Sudirman, Denpasar 80232, Bali, Indonesia (Suryadhi), Department of Human Ecology, Graduate School of Environmental and Life Science, Okayama University, 3-1-1 Tsushima-naka, Kita-ku, Okayama 700-8558, Japan (Suryadhi, Abudureyimu, Yorifuji), Department of Public Health and Health Policy, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-0037, Japan (Kashima).

Objective: We assessed the combined effect of household air pollution from solid-fuel use and from environmental tobacco smoke and child health outcomes in Indonesia.

Methods: Survey subjects self-reported solid-fuel use, frequency of indoor smoking, and health outcomes in children. We then evaluated the effect of a combined exposure using multivariate logistic regression. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001554DOI Listing
February 2019

Diagnostic Tests for Low Back Disorders.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

ACOEM, 25 Northwest Point Blvd, Suite 700, Elk Grove Village, IL 60007.

Objective: Summarize evidence-based diagnostic guidelines for low back disorders.

Methods: A comprehensive literature review was conducted. A total of 101 articles of high or moderate quality addressing low back disorders diagnostic evaluation met the inclusion criteria. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001551DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Among All Miners, Coal Miners Demonstrate A Disproportionately High Prevalence of Obstructive Spirometric Abnormality and Chronic Bronchitis.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, NM, USA (AS, XS, OM, NA, LSC); and Miners' Col Raton, NM, USA (AS, CP).

Objective: To compare the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) between miners extracting coal versus other minerals.

Methods: The study population was based on New Mexico miners, mostly Hispanic and American Indian, attending a rural community-based mobile screening clinic program between 1989 and 2014. We compared self-reported symptoms, lung diseases, and spirometric patterns between 1,353 coal miners and 4,140 non-coal miners. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001547DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Economic Evaluation of Combining Pharmaco- and Behavioural Therapies for Smoking Cessation in an Occupational Medicine Setting.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Health Economics and Outcomes Research Department, Pfizer, SLU, Alcobendas, Spain (Gutiérrez), Trial Form Support Develop, Madrid, Spain (de Aldecoa), Occupational Health and Risks Prevention Service, Pfizer, SLU, Alcobendas, Spain (Casasola, Arriaza), Human Resources and Risks Prevention Area, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain (Varela); and Labour Health and Risks Prevention Service, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain (Quesada, Olive).

Objective: To estimate the budget impact (BI) of funding pharmaco+behavioural therapies for smoking cessation from an employer perspective.

Methods: A hybrid economic model was applied to estimate the BI, which considered up to four cessation attempts over a 3-year horizon. The model estimated the costs of funding a cessation programme, and the mean savings due to avoided loss of productivity and absenteeism because of smoking cessation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001546DOI Listing
January 2019

Concerns About Claiming, Post-Claim Support, and Return to Work Planning: The Workplace's Impact on Return to Work.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Insurance Work and Health Group, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Australia (Gray, Sheehan, Lane, Jetha, Collie), Institute for Work and Health, Canada (Jetha); Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Canada (Jetha).

Objective: To determine how injured Australian workers perceived employer emotional (e.g., empathy) and instrumental (e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001549DOI Listing
January 2019

Nanotechnology and Health.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Jan 19. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

ACOEM, 25 Northwest Point Blvd, Suite 700, Elk Grove Village, IL 60007, United States.

: Potential adverse health effects associated with exposure to engineered or synthesized nanomaterials have not been reported in humans; however, there is accumulating evidence from animal studies that exposure to some nanomaterials is harmful. While there is uncertainty as to the likelihood, frequency, and intensity of exposures experienced by those working around engineered nanoparticles, the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine has developed this guidance document for occupational medicine physicians and their colleagues to offer prudent preventive recommendations on the topics of exposure monitoring, exposure controls, and medical surveillance. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001548DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Shift Work and Biomarkers of Subclinical Cardiovascular Disease: The BCOPS Study.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA (Meghan M. Holst, Michael D. Wirth, James B. Burch); Cancer Prevention and Control Program, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC USA (Michael D. Wirth, James B. Burch); College of Nursing, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA (Michael D. Wirth); Biostatistics and Epidemiology Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morgantown, WV, USA (Anna Mnatsakanova, Luenda E. Charles, Cathy Tinney-Zara, Desta Fekedulegn, Michael E. Andrew, Tara A. Hartley); WJB Dorn VA Medical Center, Columbia, SC, USA (James B. Burch); Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, School of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA (John M. Violanti).

Objective: To assess the association of shift work with biomarkers of subclinical cardiovascular disease and examine the moderating role of body mass index (BMI) in a police cohort METHODS:: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted among officers who were categorized as working the day, evening, or night shift. Comparisons with inflammatory biomarkers were performed among shifts using analysis of variance/covariance and further stratified by BMI to assess potential effect modification.

Results: Associations were observed between day and night shift workers for leukocytes, tumor necrosis factor alpha and homocysteine. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00043764-900000000-9849
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001541DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis on Short-term Particulate Matter Exposure and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Hospitalizations in China.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

School of Public Health, & Key Laboratory of Public Health Safety of Ministry of Education of China, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China (Wang, Hao, Xia), Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, China (Au), University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Tirgu Mures, Romania (Au); and Environmental and Occupational Medicine and Epidemiology Program, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston MA 02115, USA (Christiani).

Objective: We conducted a meta-analysis of short-term PM exposure and COPD hospitalizations in China, included data from two-pollutant model.

Methods: From PubMed and Web of Science, we selected case-crossover or time-series studies conducted in mainland China, Hong Kong, Macao or Taiwan to investigate the association between PM exposure and COPD hospitalizations. The meta-analysis was performed using data from both single-pollutant and two-pollutant model for PM2. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001539DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Integrated Physical Medicine at Employer-Sponsored Health Clinics Improves Quality of Care at Reduced Cost.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Crossover Health, San Clemente, CA (Daniel J. Lord, John R. Wright, Rebecca Fung, Eric S. Lederhaus, Katie Taylor, Sharon A. Watts, Heather K. Hagg, Dena Bravata); Stanford University, Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Stanford, CA (Dena Bravata); Untold Content, Cincinnati, OH (Katie Taylor, Sharon A. Watts).

Objective: To evaluate clinical and economic outcomes associated with integrating physical medicine in employer-sponsored clinics.

Methods: Retrospective cohort analysis comparing clinical and economic outcomes of physical medicine services delivered in employer-sponsored clinics with the community.

Results: Integrating physical medicine in employer-sponsored clinics decreased wait times to access these services to 7 days (2-4x faster than in the community). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001536DOI Listing
January 2019

Wildland Firefighting: Adverse Influence on Indices of Metabolic and Cardiovascular Health.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK (Robert H. Coker, Carl J. Murphy, Michelle Johannsen, Grant Galvin); Montana Center for Work Physiology and Exercise Metabolism, University of Montana, Missoula, MT (Brent C. Ruby).

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate pre- and post-season measures of body composition, skeletal muscle, and blood parameters/liver lipid in wildland firefighters (WLFF) over the fire season.

Methods: Alaskan WLFF (N = 27) crews were evaluated pre and post wildfire season, which included 63 ± 10 operational days. Body composition, thigh muscle area and liver lipid were quantified using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry and MRI, respectively. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001535DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Absenteeism and Presenteeism Associated with Common Health Conditions in Brazilian Workers.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Section of Psychiatric Epidemiology - LIM 23, Department and Institute of Psychiatry, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil (Baptista, Yuan-Pang, Andrade), University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA (Burton), Public Health School, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil (Nahas); and Department of Social Medicine, Federal University of Espirito Santo, Brazil (Viana).

Background: This study describes the effects of common health conditions associated with absenteeism and presenteeism in a population-based sample of workers in Brazil.

Methods: Data were analysed from the cross-sectional São Paulo Megacity Mental Health Survey on 1,737 employed residents aged >18 years old conducted from 2005 to 2007.

Results: Physical diseases and mental disorders are highly prevalent among Brazilian workers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001538DOI Listing
January 2019

A 6-Week Worksite Positivity Program Leads to Greater Life Satisfaction, Decreased Inflammation, and A Greater number of Employees with A1C levels in Range.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Guarantor of Submission, Organizational Behavioral Specialist, Employee Health & Benefits, Sarasota County Government, Sarasota, Florida, USA (Lord, Deem, Bray-Richardson), Manager Occupational Health & Wellness, Employee Health & Benefits, Sarasota County Government, Sarasota, Florida, USA (Deem), Aetna Onsite Health Promotion Specialist, Onsite Wellness, Aetna, Tampa, Florida, USA (Pitchford), Administrative Specialist III, Employee Health & Benefits, Sarasota County Government, Sarasota, Florida, USA (Bray-Richardson), Disease Intervention Services Program Manager, Florida Department of Health in Sarasota County, Sarasota, Florida, USA (Drennon).

Objective: To determine whether a 6-week Positivity Program could impact employee cardiovascular inflammation, blood sugars, cortisol, DHEA and/or life satisfaction.

Methods: Pre- and post-study blood draw and life satisfaction questionnaire tracked changes in 10 cardiovascular and inflammatory biomarkers for sixty-three employees who participated in a 6-week Positivity Program comprised of three interventions: gratitude, HeartMath's Heart Lock-In, and yoga stretches with guided imagery.

Results: Improvements were recorded in life satisfaction as well as in 7 of 10 cardiovascular and inflammatory biomarkers, including HsCRP (-27%), HbA1c (-1%), glucose (-2%), MPO (-5%), Lp-PLA2 (-9%), ApoB (-6%), and DHEA (1%). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001527DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Greater Odds for Angina in Uranium Miners Than Nonuranium Miners in New Mexico.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Jan;61(1):1-7

Department of Internal Medicine, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, New Mexico (Drs al Rashida, Wang, Myers, Boyce, Kocher, Assad, Cook, Sood); Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas (Dr al Rashida); and Black Lung Program, Miners' Colfax Medical Center, Raton, New Mexico (Moreno, Karr, Dr Sood).

Objective: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that uranium miners in New Mexico (NM) have a greater prevalence of cardiovascular disease than miners who extracted the nonuranium ore.

Methods: NM-based current and former uranium miners were compared with nonuranium miners by using cross-sectional standardized questionnaire data from the Mining Dust in the United States (MiDUS) study from 1989 to 2016.

Results: Of the 7215 eligible miners, most were men (96. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00043764-900000000-9854
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001482DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Increased Benefit Generosity and the Impact on Workers' Compensation Claiming Behaviour: An Interrupted Time Series Study in Victoria, Australia.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Insurance, Work and Health Group, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Objective: To measure the effect of legislation in Victoria, Australia that increased workers' compensation benefits, including a raised wage replacement cap for higher earners, on claiming behaviours.

Methods: Controlled interrupted time series of monthly claiming volumes and median disability duration, focusing on overall effects, impact among higher earners, and by condition type.

Results: Overall claiming increased 12%, driven by back/neck (18%) and other musculoskeletal conditions (14%). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001531DOI Listing
December 2018

Selective Associations of Recent Low Concentrations of Perfluoroalkyl Substances With Liver Function Biomarkers: NHANES 2011-2014 Data on US Adults Aged ≥ 20 Years.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Independent Researcher, Dacula, Ga, USA (RBJ); West Virginia University School of Public Health, Morgantown, WV (AD).

Objective: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and liver function biomarkers were reexamined for relatively lower serum concentrations of PFAS observed in recent years.

Methods: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-14 data were analyzed for obese and nonobese participants for serum perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) as well as four liver function biomarkers in risk-adjusted analysis.

Results: Among obese participants only, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was positively associated with PFOA (β = 0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001532DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads
1.797 Impact Factor

How to Know if You're Really There: An Evaluation of Measures for Presenteeism in Nursing.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):e25-e32

College of Nursing, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (Dr Rainbow); School of Nursing, University of Wisconsin - Madison, Madison, Wisconsin (Dr Rainbow, Dr Steege); Hasan School of Business, Colorado State University - Pueblo, Pueblo, Colorado (Dr Gilbreath).

Objectives: To report presenteeism prevalence across presenteeism measures from the work-stress and sickness domains. To evaluate the psychometric fit of those measures in a nursing population.

Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive survey of 447 US RNs using five reliable and validated measures of presenteeism: Stanford Presenteeism Scale (SPS), Job-Stress-Related Presenteesim Scale (JSRPS), Healthcare Productivity Scale (HPS), Nurses Work Functioning Questionnaire (NWFQ), and Health and Work Questionnaire (HWQ). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001506DOI Listing
February 2019

Can Resilience be Measured and Used to Predict Mental Health Symptomology Among First Responders Exposed to Repeated Trauma?

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

School of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia (Joyce, Harvey), The Black Dog Institute, University of New South Wales, Australia (Tan, Shand, Harvey), School of Psychology, Faculty of Science, University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia (Bryant).

Objectives: To examine whether baseline measures of resilience among active first responders predicts future mental health symptomology following trauma exposure.

Methods: Multivariate linear regression examined the associations between baseline resilience and future mental health symptomatology following repeated trauma exposure. Symptomatology at six-month follow-up was the dependent variable. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001526DOI Listing
December 2018

Risk Factors and Mechanisms Underlying Cross-shift Decline in Kidney Function in Guatemalan Sugarcane Workers.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Center for Health, Work & Environment, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO (Cecilia J Sorensen, Jaime Butler-Dawson, Miranda Dally, Lyndsay Krisher, Liliana Tenney, Lee S. Newman); Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO (Cecilia J Sorensen, Jay Lemery); Colorado Consortium on Climate Change and Human Health, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO (Cecilia J Sorensen, Jaime Butler-Dawson, Miranda Dally, Lyndsay Krisher, Richard J. Johnson, Jay Lemery, Liliana Tenney, Lee S. Newman); Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO (Jaime Butler-Dawson, Miranda Dally, Lyndsay Krisher, Liliana Tenney, Lee S. Newman); Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO (Benjamin R. Griffin, Richard J. Johnson); Pantaleon, Guatemala (Claudia Asensio); Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO (Lee S. Newman).

Objective: Identify early biomarkers and mechanisms of acute kidney injury in workers at risk of developing chronic kidney disease of unknown origin (CKDu).

Methods: We assessed cross-shift changes in kidney function and biomarkers of injury in 105 healthy sugarcane workers. We obtained pre-harvest clinical data as well as daily environmental, clinical, and productivity data for each worker. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001529DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Who is Engaged at Work? A large-Scale Study in 30 European Countries.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Workability and Working Careers, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41 B, BOX 40, 00032 Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland (Hakanen, Ropponen), Research Unit Occupational & Organizational Psychology and Professional Learning, KU Leuven, Dekenstraat 2 - box 3725, 3000 Leuven, Belgium (Schaufeli, Witte), Department of Social, Health & Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, Padualaan14, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands (Schaufeli), Optentia Research Focus Area, North-West University, Vaal Triangle Campus, PO Box 1174, Vanderbijlpark, 1900 South Africa (Witte).

Objective: The aim was to investigate differences in the levels of work engagement across demographic and work- and organization-related factors, and their relative importance for work engagement.

Methods: The study was based on a sample of 17 498 male and 17 897 female employees from the sixth European Working Conditions Survey collected in 2015. Linear regression models and dominance analysis were used. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00043764-900000000-9851
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001528DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Mortality Update of a Cohort of Canadian Petroleum Workers.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

ExxonMobil Biomedical Sciences, Inc. (Schnatter), ExxonMobil Biomedical Sciences, Inc., 1545 U.S. Highway 22 East, Annandale, NJ 08801 (Wojcik), Palisades Research, Inc.(Jorgensen).

Objective: This study updates the mortality experience of over 25,000 workers in a large Canadian petroleum company through December 31, 2006.

Methods: Standardized Mortality Ratios were generated for all cause and specific cause mortality.

Results: All cause and all cancer mortality were favorable compared to the general Canadian population. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001523DOI Listing
December 2018

Use of Well-Being in Identification of Members With Future Health Risk Factors and Future Diagnosed Chronic Disease.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):168-176

Research and Advanced Data Science, Sharecare, Inc, (Dr Hamar, Ms Jones, Dr Rickles); Concert Genetics, Inc. (Dr Coberley); Tivity Health (Dr Rula), Franklin, Tennessee.

Objective: To evaluate if well-being is associated with the development of future health risks or incidence of new chronic disease.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was employed using longitudinal well-being assessment survey data from participants of a Fortune 500 US company wellness program, claims based International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision diagnoses, and Cox proportional hazards models to assess associations between well-being and well-being change with future health risk and chronic disease incidence.

Results: Individuals who maintained high well-being and those who increased their level of well-being displayed a significantly decreased hazard of accruing new health risk and new chronic disease incidence; those whose well-being worsened over time showed significant increases in health risk and hazard of new chronic disease incidence. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001524DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
1.797 Impact Factor

Job Strain and Long-Term Sickness Absence from Work - a Ten-Year Prospective Study in German Working Population.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Global Health Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, Belgium (Mutambudzi); Department of Preventive Medicine & Community Health, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas (Mutambudzi); Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden (Theorell); Institute of Occupational, Social, and Environmental Medicine, Centre for Health and Society, Faculty of Medicine, University of Düsseldorf, Germany (Li).

Objective: To examine the prospective associations between baseline job strain and ten-year cumulative incidence of long term sickness absence (LTSA) in the German workforce.

Methods: This study used longitudinal data from the 2001-2010 waves of The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) (n = 9794). Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to examine the prospective association between job strain and incidence of LTSA. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001525DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Measuring Work Related Physical and Mental Health Function: Updating the Work Disability Functional Assessment Battery (WD-FAB) using Item Response Theory.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Tufts University, Department of Occupational Therapy, Medford, MA (Marfeo); University of Pittsburgh, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Physical Therapy (McDonough); Boston University School of Public Health, Department of Health Law Policy and Management, Boston, MA (Ni, Peterik, Kazis); National Institutes of Health Rehabilitation Medicine Department, Bethesda, MD (Porcino, Rasch, Chan); VHA Office of Reporting, Analytics, Performance, Improvement and Deployment (RAPID) (Meterko).

Objective: To further improve measurement of work-related physical and mental health by updating the Work Disability Assessment Battery (WD-FAB).

Methods: Cross-sectional study with 1024 disability claimants and 1000 working age (21-66 years) adults in the United States. Developed new items to replenish the WD-FAB and analyzed using factor analysis and item response theory (IRT). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001521DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

How Does a Changing Climate Impact the Health of Workers? Part 5: Vectorborne Disease.

Authors:

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):e66-e68

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001519DOI Listing
February 2019

Associations Between Job-Strain, Physical Activity, Health Status, and Sleep Quality Among Swedish Municipality Workers.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):e56-e60

Faculty of Health Medicine and Life Sciences (Ms Leitaru); Department of Health Promotion, School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism (Dr Kremers), Maastricht University, Netherlands; Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet (Dr Hagberg, Dr Björklund, Dr Kwak), Sweden.

Objective: To examine the associations between work-stress and physical activity (PA) with sleep quality while controlling for covariates, including social support.

Methods: A cross-sectional study among employees of a municipality (n = 2765). Data from respondents (n = 1973) with good/poor sleep quality were included. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001516DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Patterns of Heat Strain Among a Sample of U.S. Underground Miners.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 315 E. Montgomery Ave. Spokane, WA 99207.

Objective: This study characterizes physiological measures of heat exposure among U.S. underground miners. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001518DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Differences in Robbery Prevention Strategies Across Retail Business Types.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):e61-e64

University of Iowa Injury Prevention Research Center (Dr Davis, Dr Casteel, Dr Peek-Asa); College of Public Health, Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Iowa (Dr Casteel, Dr Peek-Asa), Iowa City, Iowa; University of North Carolina Injury Prevention Research Center, Chapel Hill, North Carolina (Ms Nocera); Summers Associates, LLC Pasadena, California (Mr Summers).

Objective: To compare implementation of robbery prevention strategies between gas station/convenience stores with liquor stores/grocery stores/pharmacies, restaurants/bars, and other retail businesses.

Methods: One hundred forty-nine retail businesses were evaluated by police personnel across four police departments for adherence to robbery prevention strategies. Assessment of these strategies occurred between November 2012 and October 2014. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001517DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Association Between Somatotype Profile and Health-Related Physical Fitness in Special Police Unit.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):e51-e55

Polytechnic Institute of Viana do Castelo, School of Sport and Leisure, Complexo Desportivo e de Lazer de Melgaço Monte de Prado (Mr Araújo, Dr Rocha-Rodrigues, Dr Rodrigues); Detached Force of Special Police Unit (Mr Araújo); Faculty of Sports Sciences and Physical Activity, University of Vigo, Vigo, Spain (Mr Araújo, Dr Cancela); Laboratory of Metabolism and Exercise, Research Centre in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure (CIAFEL), Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Porto (Dr Rocha-Rodrigues); Research Center in Sports Science, Health Sciences and Human Development (CIDESD) (Dr Rodrigues), Portugal.

Objectives: To characterize somatotype profile and analyze the association between somatotype components, physical, and physiological variables in special police unit (SPU) officers.

Methods: One hundred eight male SPU officers, aged 42.5 ± 4. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001515DOI Listing
February 2019

Occupational Injury Among Janitors: Injury Incidence, Severity, and Associated Risk Factors.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):153-161

Midwest Center for Occupational Health and Safety Education and Research Center, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Objective: Determine injury incidence and severity and potential associated risk factors for injury, among janitors.

Methods: Questionnaires were disseminated to 1200 full-time janitors in the Service Employees International Union (SEIU) Local 26 union; 390 responded and provided information on their injury experiences and exposures, based on personal characteristics and work-related activities. Multivariable analyses, including bias adjustment, were implemented using directed acyclic graphs to determine potential risk. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00043764-900000000-9852
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001505DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Can Blood Flow be Used to Monitor Changes in Peripheral Vascular Function That Occur in Response to Segmental Vibration Exposure?

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):162-167

Engineering Controls and Technology Branch (Dr Krajnak, Ms Waugh); Biostatistics and Epidemiology Branch (Mr Sarkisian), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, West Virginia.

Objectives: Laser Doppler blood flow measurements have been used for diagnosis or detection of peripheral vascular dysfunction. This study used a rat tail model of vibration-induced vascular injury to determine how laser Doppler measurements were affected by acute and repeated exposures to vibration, and to identify changes in the Doppler signal that were associated with the exposure.

Methods: Blood flow was measured immediately after a single exposure to vibration, or before vibration exposure on days 1, 5, 10, 15, and 20 of a 20 days exposure. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001509DOI Listing
February 2019

The Role of Elbow Tender Point Examination in the Diagnosis of Lateral Epicondylitis.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):126-131

Rocky Mountain Center for Occupational and Environmental Health (RMCOEH) (Dr Yoon, Dr Thiese, Dr Ott, Dr Wood, Mr Ronna, Dr Hegmann); Center for Ergonomics, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin (Dr Kapellusch, Dr Foster); Department of Mechanical Engineering (Dr Merryweather), University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah; Allina Health Clinics, Minneapolis, Minnesota (Dr Drury).

Objective: To quantify sensitivity and specificity of the tender points and demonstrate how variability in case definition impacts prevalence of lateral epicondylitis (LE).

Methods: Baseline data analyzed from 1216 workers from the WISTAH study, a multicenter prospective cohort study of upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders. All workers completed computerized questionnaires, structured interviews, and two independent physical examinations in accordance with an established protocol. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001496DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Hexavalent Chromium Exposure and Nasal Tissue Effects at a Commercial Aircraft Refinishing Facility.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):e69-e73

Department of Environmental Health, Harvard T.H. Chan, School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational, Safety and Health, Centers for Disease, Control and Prevention, Cincinnati, Ohio Division of Global HIV & TB, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety, and Health, Centers for Disease, Control and Prevention, Cincinnati, Ohio Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational, Safety and Health, Centers for Disease, Control and Prevention, Cincinnati, Ohio Occupational Disease Control, and Prevention Department, Jiangsu Provincial Center for, Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing, China, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies National Institute for Occupational, Safety and Health, Centers for Disease, Control and Prevention, Cincinnati, Ohio.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00043764-900000000-9852
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001510DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Arsenic Exposure and Incident Hypertension of Adult Residents Living in Rural Areas Along the Yangtze River, Anhui, China.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health (Dr Zhong, Ms Zhang, Dr Zhang, Mr Jiang, Dr Liang, Dr Huang); Ma'anshan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Ma'anshan (Dr Qin, Mr Chen); and Experimental Center Platform for Physical and Chemical (Dr Huang), Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, P.R. China.

Objective: As a widespread toxic metal, arsenic had potential effect for hypertensive. We evaluated the association between urinary arsenic and the incidence of hypertension in adult residents along the Yangtze River of China.

Methods: We conducted the study of 1358 adults 18 to 74 years of age from Chizhou, Maanshan, and Tongling of Anhui province, who participated in the baseline study in 2014 to 2015. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001511DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Quickscan Assesses Risk of Long-Term Sickness Absence: A Cross-Sectional Validation Study.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):e43-e50

Centre for Environment and Health (Ms Goorts, Dr Vandenbroeck, Dr Du Bois, Dr Godderis); Idewe, External Service for Prevention and Protection at Work (Dr Vandenbroeck, Dr Vander Elst, Dr Godderis); Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences (Dr Vander Elst), University of Leuven, Leuven; Département des Sciences de la Santé publique, Ecole de santé publique, Université de Liège (Dr Rusu); and SPMT-ARISTA, External Service for Prevention and Protection at Work (Dr Rusu), Liège, Belgium.

Objective: Increasing long-term sickness absence in many countries asks for specific measures regarding return-to work.

Methods: The risk of long-term sickness absence was assessed using a questionnaire containing work-related, function-related, stressful life-events-related, and person-related factors. Additionally, workers' occupational health physician estimated the worker's chances for work resumption. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001512DOI Listing
February 2019

The Effect of Acute Glutamine Supplementation on Markers of Inflammation and Fatigue During Consecutive Days of Simulated Wildland Firefighting.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):e33-e42

Department of Health, Exercise, and Sport Science, College of Education, Exercise Physiology Lab, Johnson Center B143 MSC04 2610, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Objective: To examine the effect of oral glutamine supplementation on inflammation and fatigue during and after simulated wildland firefighting (WLFF) tasks in hot conditions over 2 consecutive days.

Methods: Eleven men and women ingested a glutamine supplement or a placebo before and after simulated wildland firefighting in an environmental chamber (38 °C, 35% relative humidity). Subjective fatigue, markers of inflammation, and cellular stress were measured pre, post and 4 hours post-exercise on both days. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001507DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Birth Defects Among 788 Children Born to Gulf War Veterans Based on Physical Examination.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Division of Genetics and Genomic Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63120 (Marwan S. Shinawi), Cooperative Studies Program Coordinating Center, Edward Hines Jr. VA Hospital, 5000 South Fifth Avenue, Hines, IL 60141 (Renee Alpern, Diane S. Dannenfeldt, Domenic Reda), Boston University, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, 648 Beacon Street, Boston, MA 02215 (Rosemary Toomey), and Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid, Campus Box 8121, St. Louis, MO 63110 (Melvin Blanchard).

Objective: The aim of the study was to examine the prevalence of birth defects among children born to Gulf War veterans.

Methods: 788 singleton children born after the war to 522 veterans (262 Gulf War-deployed, DV; 260 non-deployed, NDV) underwent physical examinations focusing on major and minor birth defects and other findings.

Results: We found no differences between children of DV and NDV in the prevalence of major birth defects or other findings. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001508DOI Listing
November 2018

Medical Surveillance Programs for Workers Exposed to Hazardous Medications: A Survey of Current Practices in Health Care Institutions.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):120-125

Division of Preventive, Occupational and Aerospace Medicine (Drs Breeher, Molella, Vaughn, Swift, and Newcomb); Department of Nursing (Ms Brueggen), Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota; Department of Health Sciences Research, Robert D. and Patricia E. Kern Center for Science of Health Care Delivery, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida (Dr Spaulding); and Division of Occupational Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Dr Green-McKenzie).

Objective: To assess current medical surveillance monitoring practices for health care workers who prepare, handle, or administer hazardous medications.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was distributed to members of the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

Results: Forty-six of the 91 survey respondents indicated that their institution had a hazardous medication surveillance program. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001494DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
1.797 Impact Factor

Telomere Length in Workers Was Effected by Omethoate Exposure, GSTM1 Deletion, Interaction Between Smoking and GSTP1 Polymorphisms.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Jan;61(1):e19-e23

Department of Occupational Health and Occupational Diseases (Drs W. Wang, H. Zhang, Duan, Feng, T. Wang, P. Wang, Ding, Yao); Clinical Department, Zhengzhou Institute of Occupational Health (Drs S. Liu, Li, J. Liu, Tang, Niu, Y. Zhang, Li); Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics (Dr Yang), College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the association between telomere length and metabolizing enzyme gene polymorphisms and environmental factors in omethoate-exposed workers.

Methods: The gene-environment interactions were analyzed with generalized linear model method.

Results: The relative telomere lengths in the individuals with GSTM1-deletion were longer than that in non-deletion genotype in the control group (P = 0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001503DOI Listing
January 2019
1.797 Impact Factor

Air Quality and Chronic Stress: A Representative Study of Air Pollution (PM2.5, PM10) in Germany.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):144-147

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany.

Objective: With rising attention on climate change and the aftermath of burning fossil fuels, there is much concern regarding the effects of air pollution on physical and psychological health. However, the relationship between chronic stress and air pollution is relatively unexplored in humans.

Methods: By combining German representative data with national pollution data and using step-wise regression analyses, this study investigates how air pollution (particulate matter 2. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001502DOI Listing
February 2019

Temperament and Early Intentions to Retire: A Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 Study.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):136-143

Center for Life Course Health Research, University of Oulu (Drs Koski, Miettunen, Jääskeläinen, Ek, Mr Salo, Dr Ala-Mursula); Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu (Drs Koski, Miettunen, Jääskeläinen); Unit of Psychology, Faculty of Education (Dr Hintsanen), University of Oulu, Oulu; Department of Psychology, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä (Dr Ek), Finland.

Objective: To examine associations between temperament traits and early retirement intentions.

Methods: In the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966, we analyzed early retirement intentions at the age 46 according to Cloninger temperament traits at the age 46 (n = 4409) and at the age 31 (n = 3226). Ordinal logistic regression analyses were used. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00043764-900000000-9853
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001501DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Evaluation of the Quebec Healthy Enterprise Standard Effect on Adverse Physical and Psychosocial Work Factors and Work-Related Musculoskeletal Problems.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec City, QC G1V 0A6, Canada (Karine Aubé, Caroline S. Duchaine, Clermont E. Dionne, Chantal Brisson); Population Health and Optimal Health Practices Unit, CHU de Quebec Research Center, Quebec City, QC G1S 4L8, Canada (Karine Aubé, Caroline S. Duchaine, Clermont E. Dionne, Chantal Brisson); Institut national de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ), Quebec City, QC G1V 5B3, Canada (Michel Vézina, Marie-Michèle Mantha-Bélisle); School of Management Sciences, University of Quebec in Montréal, Montreal, QC H2X 3X2, Canada (Hélène Sultan-Taïeb); Management School, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC J1K 2R1, Canada (France St-Hilaire); Faculty of Administration Sciences, Laval University, Quebec City, QC G1V 0A6, Canada (Caroline Biron).

Objective: Evaluate the effect of the Quebec Healthy Enterprise Standard (QHES) on adverse physical and psychosocial work factors and work-related musculoskeletal problems (WMSP).

Methods: Workers of ten organizations completed questionnaires before (n = 2849) and 2-3 years following (n = 2560) QHES implementation. Outcomes were assessed using validated instruments. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00043764-900000000-9853
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001498DOI Listing
November 2018
18 Reads

Trait Mindfulness Helps Explain the Relationships Between Job Stress, Physiological Reactivity, and Self-Perceived Health.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Jan;61(1):e12-e18

School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess, for the first time, the associations among work stress as measured by the job-demands resources (JD-R) model, trait mindfulness, and indices of the physiological stress response.

Method: Dairy farmers (N = 79) completed job stress (using the JD-R model), trait mindfulness, burnout, and self-reported health questionnaires and provided physiological indices of the stress response.

Results: Our findings suggest that those reporting higher mindfulness have better physical and mental health, and that being more mindful may buffer the effects of a large cortisol awakening response on poor physical health. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001493DOI Listing
January 2019

Health and Safety of Limited English Speaking Asian Homecare Aides in Chicago: A Pilot Study.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Jan;61(1):81-88

Division of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health (Dr Zhang, Dr Buchanan, Dr Zanoni); and College of Medicine (Dr Rospenda), University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.

Objectives: To identify health and safety hazards and needs among limited English speaking Asian home care aides, and characterize their acculturation status and how it affects their health and safety.

Methods: Surveyed 60 home care aides and interviewed six home care service providers to assess health and safety hazards and needs of the study population.

Results: The majority of the study participants were older and did not speak English or did not speak English well. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001495DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Vascular Aging is Accelerated in Flight Attendants with Occupational Secondhand Smoke Exposure.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Barbra Streisand Women's Heart Center, Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA (Wei, Shufelt, Dhawan, Torbati, Bairey Merz), Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute (FAMRI) Bland Lane Center of Excellence on Second Hand Smoke, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA (Oestreicher Stock, Jacob, Benowitz, Jacob, Redberg), Division of Cardiology, Center of Excellence in Vascular Research at the San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, CA (Mills, Ganz), Biostatistics and Bioinformatics Core, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles CA (Cook-Wiens), UCSF Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education Tobacco Centers of Regulatory Science (TCORS), San Francisco, CA (Ganz), and Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA (Oestreicher Stock, Redberg).

Objective: To determine whether early vascular aging may be present in flight attendants with remote in-cabin secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure.

Methods: Twenty-six flight attendants with a history of in-cabin SHS exposure prior to the airline smoking bans were recruited. Pulse wave analysis, peripheral arterial tonometry, and brachial artery reactivity testing evaluated their arterial compliance and endothelial function. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001497DOI Listing
November 2018