4,559 results match your criteria Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine[Journal]


Does Help Seeking Behavior Change Over Time Following a Workplace Mental Health Intervention in the Coal Mining Industry?

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

School of Health Sciences (Ms Sayers); Centre for Resources Health and Safety (Dr Rich); School of Medicine and Public Health (Mr Rahman, Ms Kelly); School of Health Sciences, and Centre for Resources Health and Safety (Ms James), Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia.

Objectives: To investigate help seeking behavior and attitudes to mental health in mining employees.

Methods: A pre-post survey study of employees from two Australian coal mines. Data were collected prior to, at baseline, at 6 and 18 months following delivery of the MATES in mining (MIM) peer support mental health intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001605DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Estimating Occupational Heat Exposure from Personal Sampling of Public Works Employees in Birmingham, Alabama.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Population Health Sciences, Virginia Tech University, Blacksburg, VA (Wang, Richardson, Gohlke), Department of Geospatial Informatics, Troy University, Troy, Alabama (Wu), School of Public Health, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL (Cholewa, Lungu), Department of Earth & Planetary Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD (Zaitchik).

Objective: This study investigated whether using thermometers clipped on workers' shoes would result in different heat exposure estimation and work-rest schedules compared to using area-level meteorological data alone.

Methods: Alabama workers (n = 51) were individually monitored using thermometers on shoes. Wet Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGT) was estimated using thermometer temperatures (WBGT (personal)) or nearby weather station temperatures (WBGT (WS)). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001604DOI Listing

Laryngeal Lavage: A Potential Method of Evaluation of Amphibole Fiber Exposure.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Medical Geologist Montville (Dr Germine); Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Emeritus, Rutgers University, Newark (Dr Puffer), New Jersey.

Objective: Our objective is to propose a simple procedure for evaluating potential recent heavy exposure to tremolite.

Methods: One day after an accidental exposure to tremolite in rock dust, sputum was sampled; 3 months later a laryngeal lavage was taken. The sputum was examined with scanning electron microscopy (SEM); the lavage was examined with transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001607DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Workplace Interventions can Reduce Sickness Absence for Persons with Work-related Neck and Upper Extremity Disorders: A One-year Prospective Cohort Study.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of Gothenburg and Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate whether workplace interventions are effective in reducing sickness absence in persons with work-related neck and upper extremity disorders and whether disorder improvement after intervention reduces sickness absence.

Methods: This study was a prospective cohort study of workers with work-related neck pain or upper extremity disorders. Data were obtained from the Swedish "Work-related disorders" and "Work environment" surveys. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001608DOI Listing

Individual, Workplace, and Combined Effects Modeling of Employee Productivity Loss.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic (Mr Stepanek); RAND Europe (Mr Stepanek); University of Cambridge (Dr Jahanshahi), Cambridge, United Kingdom; and Vitality Group International Inc., Chicago, Illinois (Mr Millard).

Objective: Systematically and simultaneously investigate a wide range of influences on workplace productivity loss.

Methods: Data were collected from 31,950 employees in the UK. Influences of employees' socioeconomic characteristics, lifestyle, commuting, physical and mental health, well-being, and job and workplace environment were assessed using structural equation models, allowing systematic decomposition of the complex network of influences and creating new, deeper insights. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001573DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Long Working Hours and Poor Self-Rated Health in the Young Working Population in Korea.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Yonsei University Graduate School, Seoul, Korea (Park), Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Hongseong Medical Center, Hongseong, Korea (Park), Division of Cardiology, Korea University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea (Oh), Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Seoul Adventist Hospital, Sahmyook Medical Center, Busan, Korea (Seok), Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Wonju, Korea (Kim, Oh, Koh), Department of Preventive Medicine and Institute of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Wonju, Korea (Kim, Oh, Koh), Institute of Genomic Cohort, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Wonju, Korea (Choi), Center for Global Health and Social Medicine, Institute of Poverty Alleviation and International Development, Yonsei University, Wonju, Korea (Koh, Koh).

: This cross-sectional study investigated the association between long working hours and prevalence of poor self-rated health (SRH) in Korean young workers using data from the 6 Korea Youth Panel Survey 2007. A total of 3,317 young wage workers were included. Weekly working hours were divided into four groups (36-40 h, 41-52 h, 53-60 h, and >60 h per week). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001606DOI Listing

Agricultural Exposures and Breast Cancer among Latina in the San Joaquin Valley of California.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

University of California, San Francisco, Fresno Medical Education and Research Program (Mills, Shah); University of California, San Francisco, Division of Transplant Surgery (Dodge); and Department of Biology, California State University, Fresno (Bush, Thompson).

Objectives: To assess the role of agricultural work, pesticide exposure and age at first farm labor exposure in breast cancer risk among Hispanic women in Central California.

Methods: A breast cancer (BC) case control study was conducted. Latina BC cases were identified through the California Cancer Registry and controls were recruited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001598DOI Listing

Retrospective Exposure Assessment for Semiconductor and Storage Device Manufacturing Facilities.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr;61(4):e132-e138

Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health, Boston, Massachusetts (Dr Rodrigues, Dr Stewart, Dr Herrick, Ms Palacios, Dr Laden, Mr Clark), and University of Alabama at Birmingham, Department of Epidemiology, Birmingham, Alabama (Dr Delzell).

Objective: The aim of this study was to develop exposure estimates for a case-control study of central nervous system cancer in semiconductor and storage device manufacturing workers.

Methods: Over 700,000 records on sample measurements were obtained. Mean exposure intensity was estimated for 31 established/suspected carcinogens (agents of interest) in 10 primary exposure groups over three manufacturing eras. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001544DOI Listing

Agreement of Safety Climate: Does it Affect Employees' and Managers' Health and Work Performance?

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr;61(4):e125-e131

Department of Psychology, Umeå University (Dr Tafvelin); Procome research group, Medical Management Centre, Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Dr Tafvelin and Dr Hasson); Centre for Epidemiology and Community Medicine (CES), Stockholm County Council (Dr Hasson), Sweden.

Objective: To investigate whether agreement and disagreement between teams and their managers on safety climate relates to their health and work performance.

Methods: Questionnaire ratings of 47 managers and 211 employees on safety climate and self-rated health, stress, work ability, and work performance were analyzed using polynomial regression with response surface analyses.

Results: Teams' stress was lower when there was agreement between the team and the manager on safety climate, and their work performance was lower when the manager rated safety climate higher than the team did. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001542DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Laboratory Validation of Hexoskin Biometric Shirt at Rest, Submaximal Exercise, and Maximal Exercise While Riding a Stationary Bicycle.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr;61(4):e104-e111

Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York (Ms Smith, Dr Jack); Department of Geochemistry, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York (Dr Chillrud, Dr Yang); Department of Environmental Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts (Dr Kinney); and Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center (Dr Layton), New York, New York.

Objective: Evaluate Hexoskin performance on a stationary bike against "gold standard" laboratory equipment and develop adjustment models for future use in field settings.

Methods: Compared respiratory rate (RR), tidal volume (VT), minute ventilation (VE), and heart rate (HR) measured by the Hexoskin shirt to simultaneous spirometry and full 12-lead electrocardiogram during a laboratory based incremental exercise test on a stationary bicycle.

Results: Data from 17 participants demonstrated Hexoskin VT and VE had the best agreement in the submaximal exercise level (discrepancies less than or equal to 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001537DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450413PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Validity and Reliability of Firefighting Simulation Test Performance.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath UK (Stevenson, Siddall, Turner, Bilzon), Occupational Health Services, South Wales Fire & Rescue Service, Cardiff UK (Stevenson), Occupational Performance Research Group, University of Chichester, Chichester UK (Siddall), Lancashire Fire & Rescue Service, Preston, Lancashire UK (Turner).

Objective: To assess the validity and reliability of a firefighting simulation test (FFST).

Methods: Sixty-nine operational firefighters completed a best-effort FFST on one occasion and twenty-two participants completed a further FFST. All participants completed a maximal treadmill test to determine cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2max). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001583DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Characteristics of Claimants on Long-Term Disability Benefits a Year After Report of an Occupational Injury.

Authors:
Marianne Rudbeck

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Social Medicine, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark.

Objective: To describe characteristics of claimants a year after report of an occupational injury associated with long-term disability benefits for income.

Method: Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses on self-reported data and register data.

Primary Outcome: long-term disability benefits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001603DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Work Ability as Determinant of Termination of Employment: To Resign or Be Dismissed ?

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

WAF Informática, São Paulo, Brazil (Dr Martinez); and Department of Environmental Health from School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil (Dr Martinez and Dr Fischer).

Objective: To investigate whether work ability plays a role in termination of employment (resignation or dismissal) in the short-to-medium run.

Methods: Four-year cohort study with 1,060 Brazilian hospital workers. The outcome was final employment status (active, resignation or dismissal). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001599DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Insights from Twitter about Public Perceptions of Asthma, COPD, and Exposures.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Occupational Health Office and Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, All at University of Arizona, Tucson (Harber), Eller College of Management, All at University of Arizona, Tucson (Leroy).

Objective: Analyze tweets concerning asthma and COPD.

Methods: Approximately 40,000 tweets containing asthma or COPD were analyzed. Lexical analysis ranked terms and domains of interest, compared COPD to asthma tweets, evaluated co-occurrence of terms within tweets, and assessed differences by source (personal, institutional, or retweet). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001590DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Effectiveness of a Blended Web-Based Intervention to Raise Sleep Awareness at Workplace: The WarmUapp™ Pilot Study.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

University Bordeaux, Inserm, Bordeaux Population Health Research Center, team HEALTHY, UMR 1219, F-33000 Bordeaux, France (Montagni), Hyphen-stat, 195 Route d'Espagne, 31036 Toulouse, France (Dehman), Sanofi, Shaanxi N Rd Shanghai, China (Jing'an), Sanofi, Carrer de Josep Pla, 208019 Barcelona, Spain (Martinez), Sanofi, 12 Rookwood Way, Haverhill, Suffolk CB9 8PB, United Kingdom (Banner), Sanofi, 20 Avenue Raymond Aron, 92160 Antony, France (Rimbert), Sanofi, 371 Rue du Professeur Blayac, 34080 Montpellier, France (Hayez), Centre for Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, School for Policy Studies, University of Bristol, Social Science Complex, 8 Priory Road, Bristol BS8 1TZ, United Kingdom (Foster), Sanofi, 54 Rue La Boetie, 75008 Paris, France (Fontvieille).

Objectives: This study aimed to describe a workplace intervention to sensitize employees to sleep problems, and to evaluate the medium-term impact of this intervention on participants' sleep status.

Methods: Employees of different sites (China, France, Spain, United Kingdom) of a multinational company were offered a face-to-face session on sleep hygiene with a health professional using a tablet application providing feedback by email. Data on sleep status were collected through an interactive questionnaire at baseline (N = 834 participants) and at six-month follow-up (n = 291, 34. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001589DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

The Impact of Working Hours on Cardiovascular Diseases and Moderating Effects of Sex and Type of work: Results from a Longitudinal Analysis of the Korean Working Population.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea (Lee, Kang), Incheon Hospital, Korea Workers' Compensation & Welfare Service. Incheon, Republic of Korea (Kang), Health Care Center, SMG-SNU Boramae Medical Center, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea (Kim), Department of Global Economics, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Republic of Korea (Choi).

Objectives: To estimate the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) caused by working hours in the South Korean working population stratified by sex and type of work.

Methods: We analyzed longitudinal data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging in 2006. The risk of CVD associated with working hours was estimated using Cox regression analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001588DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Associations Between Musculoskeletal Conditions Risk, Sedentary Behaviour, Sleep and Markers of Mental Health: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study in Heavy Goods Vehicle Drivers: Musculoskeletal Conditions Risk in HGV Drivers.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom (Varela-Mato, Clemes, King, Munir), NIHR Leicester-Loughborough Diet, Lifestyle and Physical Activity Biomedical Research Centre, United Kingdom (Varela-Mato, Clemes, King, Munir).

Objective: To explore the risk of having musculoskeletal conditions (MSKs) associated with sitting and sleeping time during workdays, presenteeism, work engagement anxiety and depression in a sample of UK HGV drivers.

Methods: 88 male drivers participated in this cross-sectional study. Binary logistic regression analyses were performed to explore the associations between two-or-more MSKs and common health risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001587DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Association of Opioid, Anti-depressant, and Benzodiazepines with Workers' Compensation Cost: A Cohort Study.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Medical Director, Corporate Administration office, AF Group, Lansing, Michigan (Hunt); Senior Data Scientist, Predictive Modeling, AF Group, Lansing, Michigan (Artuso); Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (Kalia); Assistant Professor of Population Health, Dell Medical School, the University of Texas at Austin, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine (Leung); Professor of Population Health, Dell Medical School, the University of Texas at Austin, Professor Emeritus of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (Bernacki); and Associate Professor and Research Director, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (Tao).

Background: Antidepressants, benzodiazapines and opioid medications are used to manage the pain, anxiety or depression associated with workplace injuries.

Objective: To evaluate the impact of these medications on workers' compensation costs and time lost from work.

Methods: A cohort of 22,383 indemnity claims from 2008-2013 were evaluated for the association of prescribed medications on claim cost and delayed claim closure controlling for confounders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001585DOI Listing

Shortened Recovery Period Between Firefighting Work Bouts Increases Cardiac Response Disproportionately With Metabolic Rate.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Département des sciences de l'activité physique (Dr Gendron, Dr Trudeau, Dr Laurencelle, Dr Lajoie); Département d'anatomie (Dr Gendron); Faculté des sciences de l'activité physique, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke (Dr Goulet); Département des sciences infirmières (Dr Houle), Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières (UQTR), Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada.

Objective: To compare physiological responses between two firefighting simulations with different recovery periods, one having work bouts intercalated by a shortened recovery period.

Methods: Thirteen male firefighters participated in two different simulations, which comprised two identical 25-minute effort bouts (E1 and E2) intercalated by a recovery period of either 20 (T20) or 5 (T5) minutes.

Results: From E1 to E2, the increase of mean heart rate (HR) (26 ± 5 vs 14 ± 5 bpm, P < 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001579DOI Listing

Mortality for Mesothelioma and Lung Cancer in a Cohort of Asbestos Cement Workers in BARI (Italy): Time Related Aspects of Exposure.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Unit of Statistics and Epidemiology, Local Health Unit Barletta - Andria - Trani. Barletta, Italy (Cuccaro, Coviello), Regional Strategic Agency for Health and Social of Puglia. Bari, Italy (Nannavecchia, Bisceglia), (previously) Cancer Prevention and Research Institute (ISPO). Florence, Italy (Silvestri, Angelini), Department of Translational Medicine, Unit of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, University of Eastern Piedmont, and CPO-Piemonte. Novara, Italy (Magnani).

Objective: In this cohort mortality study we used an exposure index to evaluate individual cumulative exposure as proxy of asbestos dose and we evaluated change in cancer mortality pattern after long time since the end of exposure.

Methods: We calculated SMRs for several causes of death stratified by latency, cumulative exposure and time since last exposure (TSLE).

Results: Latency: we observed a peak and then a decrease in SMR for lung, pleural and peritoneal cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001580DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Development and Evaluation of a Training Programme on Occupational Health Research and Surveillance in Turkey.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Ghent University, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Gent, Belgium (Braeckman, De Ridder), TNO, Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research, Department of Work and Health, Leiden, the Netherlands (Venema, Zoelen, Hermans), Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir, Turkey (Ergör), Ministry of Health, General Directorate of Public Health, Ankara, Turkey (Özlu[Combining Diaeresis]), Amsterdam Free University Medical Centre (VUmc), Department of Public Health, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Foundation Learning and Developing Occupational Health, Hilversum, the Netherlands (der Laan, Dijk).

Objectives: To increase knowledge and skills regarding occupational health surveillance and research in professionals.

Methods: Following the ADDIE model (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation), several training modules have been designed and implemented in the course of 2016. Evaluation forms were distributed to 42 participants before the start and after each training module to measure changes in knowledge, skills and self-efficacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001581DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

A Comparison of Job Stress Models: Associations with Employee Well-Being, Absenteeism, Presenteeism, and Resulting Costs.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department for Business, Work & Organizational Psychology, Applied University Fresenius, Heidelberg, Germany (Schmidt), Mannheim Institute of Public Health, Social and Preventive Medicine, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany (Seeger, Herr), Department of Work and Organizational Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Vianen), Institute of Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine, Centre for Health and Society, Faculty of Medicine, University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany (Loerbroks), Department of Occupational Health, Boehringer Ingelheim, Ingelheim (Germany) (Schneider).

Objective: This study investigates the associations between Effort-Reward-Imbalance [ERI], Overcommitment [OC], Job-Demand-Control [JDC] and Organizational Injustice [OIJ]) with employee well-being, absenteeism and presenteeism, as well as the costs incurred.

Methods: Cross-sectional data from 1440 German pharmaceutical company employees assessing job-stress, employee well-being, absenteeism, and presenteeism were used. Linear regression and interval regression analyses assessed separate and independent associations and sample-specific costs were estimated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001582DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Associations of Device-Measured Sitting, Standing, and Stepping Time with Informal Face-to-Face Interactions at Work.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Australia (Sugiyama, Dunstan), Centre for Urban Transitions, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia (Sugiyama, Hadgraft, Owen), Baker Heart & Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia (Sugiyama, Healy, Hadgraft, Dunstan, Owen), School of Public Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia (Winkler, Healy, Dunstan, Owen), Centre for Population Health Research, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia (LaMontagne), School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (LaMontagne, Owen), School of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Australia (Healy), School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia (Dunstan), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia (Dunstan), Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia (Dunstan).

Objective: This cross-sectional study examined the interrelationships between workplace movement (sitting, standing, and stepping), availability of discussion space, and face-to-face (FTF) interactions between workers.

Methods: Desk-based workers (n=221) wore an activity monitor for seven days and self-reported their weekly frequency of FTF interactions and discussion space availability. Negative binomial regression models examined behavioral and spatial factors associated with the frequency of FTF interactions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001586DOI Listing

Association Between the Characteristics of Organizations and their Profile of Performance Against Quality Benchmarks for Workplace Health Promotion.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Public Health Education (Weaver, Bibeau, Dudley, Rulison), The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics (Bray).

Objective: This study explored subgroups of performance profiles measured by organizations' Well Workplace Checklist (WWC) benchmark scores and examine company characteristics associated with performance subgroups.

Methods: The sample included 3,728 U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001584DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Effect of a Simulated Mine Rescue on Physiological Variables and Heat Strain of Mine Rescue Workers.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar;61(3):251-261

Centre for Research in Occupational Safety and Health (Mr Konrad, Dr Gagnon, Dr Serresse, Mr Leduc, Dr Dorman); School of Human Kinetics, Laurentian University (Mr Konrad, Dr Gagnon, Dr Serresse, Dr Oddson, Dr Dorman), Sudbury, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: To describe physiological responses of mine rescuers during a simulated mine emergency.

Methods: Body-worn monitors (n = 74) and core temperature (Tc) capsules (n = 54) assessed heart rate (HR), respiration rate (RR), energy expenditure (EE), oxygen consumption ((Equation is included in full-text article.)), Tc and skin temperature (Tskin), by team position and task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001530DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416035PMC

Musculoskeletal Pain Is Impacted by Job Tasks in Temporary Construction Workers Hired Through Construction Staffing Agencies.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar;61(3):e100-e103

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida Occupational Health and Safety Program, Florida Department of Health, Tallahassee, Florida Occupational Health and Safety Program, Florida Department of Health, Tallahassee, Florida National Institute for Occupational, Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001533DOI Listing

News in Research on Occupational and Environment Medicine (ROEM): An Initiative for Research Translation in Occupation Health.

Authors:
Alexis Descatha

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar;61(3):e99

Univ Angers, CHU Angers, Univ Rennes Inserm, Irset (Institut de recherché en santé, environnement et travail), Angers, France Occupational Health Unit U1168 UMS011, Paris Hospital, Versailles University Poincaré site, Garches, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001522DOI Listing

Association Between Depression, Lung Function and Inflammatory Markers in Patients with Asthma and Occupational Asthma.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK (Dr Paine), Montreal Behavioural Medicine Centre, Research Centre, Centre intégrée universitaire de services de santé et de services sociaux du Nord-de-l'Île-de-Montréal, Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal, Montréal, Quebec, Canada (Dr Paine, Dr Joseph, Dr Bacon, Julien, Drs Cartier, Favreau, Lavoie), Department of Exercise Science, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (Dr Bacon), Department of Psychology, University of Québec at Montréal (UQAM), Montréal, Quebec, Canada (Julien, Dr Lavoie), Department of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Quebec, Canada (Dr Cartier), and Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montréal, Quebec, Canada (Dr Ditto).

Objective: Depression is associated with autonomic and immune dysregulation, yet this remains poorly explored in asthma. We assessed associations between depressive disorder, lung function, and inflammatory markers in patients under investigation for occupational asthma (OA).

Methods: One hundred twelve patients under investigation for OA (60% men) underwent a psychiatric interview to assess depressive disorder, and spirometry, a methacholine test, sputum induction, and specific inhalation challenge (SIC) to assess OA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001562DOI Listing

An Occupational Specific VO2max Protocol for Structural Firefighters.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Health, Nutrition and Exercise Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, USA (Dicks, Lyman, Hackney); Department of Education, Health & Behavior Studies, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, USA (Walch); and Department of Health, Human Performance, and Recreation, Pittsburg State University, Pittsburg, KS, USA (Barry).

Objective: To validate a VO2max protocol designed specifically for the occupational demands of firefighters by incorporating the use of personal protective equipment (PPE).

Methods: Career firefighters completed a stage-graded exercise test (GXT) with submaximal square-wave verification bout while wearing PPE (pants and boots) to determine VO2max. Using the self-reported Physical Activity-Rating (PA-R) scale and an estimated non-exercise regression equation VO2max for comparison to measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001570DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Integrating IT Safety into OEM Safety Management Systems.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

CEO CLARALUZ LLC, St. Augustine, FL., retired IBM Corporation, Armonk, NY.

Objective: To discuss the need for the inclusion of decision-support software safety in workplace safety management systems.

Methods: Review of software safety systems, the socio-technical model of IT safety and sources of decision-support software safety risk.

Results: Not applicable to a commentary viewpoint article. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001572DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Significant Decreasing Trend in Back Injuries in a Multi- Employer Environment - A Follow-up Study.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Assistant Professor of Population Health, Dell Medical School - The University of Texas at Austin, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine (Leung); AVP of Strategic Risk and Strategy Management, Louisiana Workers' Compensation Corporation, Instructor in Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine - Department of Medicine (Yuspeh); Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (Kalia); Associate Professor of Medicine, Department of Neurology, University of Maryland School of Medicine (Lavin); Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Population Health, Dell Medical School, The University of Texas at Austin (Tsourmas); Professor of Medicine, Dell Medical School - The University of Texas at Austin, Professor Emeritus of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (Bernacki); and Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (Tao).

Background: A significant decrease in back injury claims were observed in a single employer.

Objective: To validate whether back injury claims are decreasing in a multiemployer environment within a non-monopolistic state and quantify the risk of delayed return-to-work and adverse cost of injured workers with back injuries.

Methods: 36,463 claims from 1998-2015 were analyzed with descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic and Cox-Proportional Hazards models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001568DOI Listing
February 2019

A Machine Learning-Based Predictive Model of Return to Work After Sick Leave.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Gachon University College of Medicine, Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Republic of Korea (Dr Na); Korea Workers' Compensation & Welfare Service Ansan Hospital, Ansan, Republic of Korea (Dr Kim).

Objective: The study aims to build a predictive model for "return to work" (RTW) after sick leave by using a machine-learning algorithm.

Methods: Panel data of 2000 participants (1686 males and 314 females) from the Labor Welfare Research Institute of the Korea Workers' Compensation & Welfare Service were used. A gradient boosting machine (GBM) was used to build the predictive model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001567DOI Listing
February 2019
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Measures of Physical Activity and Body Mass Index in Hospital Workers: A Multisite Cross-Sectional Study.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Epidemiology, Human Genetics and Environmental Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center School of Public Health (Dr John and Dr Sharma); Health Disparities Research Department, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (Dr John); Department of Biostatistics and Data Science (Dr Swartz), The University of Texas Health Science Center School of Public Health, Houston; Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center School of Public Health, Austin (Dr Hoelscher); StataCorp, College Station (Dr Huber), Texas.

Objective: This study examined physical activity (PA) profiles of hospital employees and evaluated associations between PA domains (occupation, commute, leisure, and domestic) and intensity levels (light, moderate, and vigorous) with body mass index (BMI).

Methods: Nine hundred twenty employees across six Texas hospitals were enrolled in the multisite study, 2012 to 2013. ANCOVA tests assessed equality of means (minutes) across PA measures, and mixed effects analyses evaluated associations between PA measures and BMI, while controlling for covariates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001561DOI Listing
February 2019

Sleep, Obesity, and Injury Among US Male Career Firefighters.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr;61(4):e150-e154

Center for Fire, Rescue & EMS Health Research, National Development & Research Institutes, Leawood, Kansas (Dr Kaipust, Dr Jahnke, Dr Poston, Dr Jitnarin, Dr Haddock); Division of Epidemiology, Human Genetics, and Environmental Sciences, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Public Health, Texas (Dr Kaipust, Dr Day, Dr Delclos).

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the role of obesity on the association between sleep and on-duty injury among male career firefighters.

Methods: Data on 1419 male career firefighters for this cross-sectional study came from two firefighter cohorts from 2008 to 2013. On-duty injury within the past 6 to 12 months was the dependent variable and getting enough sleep was the independent variable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001559DOI Listing

Role of Biomechanical Factors in Resolution of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Among a Population of Workers.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr;61(4):340-346

Rocky Mountain Center for Occupational and Environmental Health University of Utah (Dr Cardona, Dr Thiese, Dr Wood, and Dr Hegmann); College of Health Sciences University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin (Dr Kapellusch); Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Utah (Dr Merryweather), Salt Lake City, Utah.

Objectives: Identify if Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) symptoms vary by measured biomechanical exposures.

Methods: A nested prospective cohort within a large, multicenter, 8-year cohort study. The CTS case definition was tingling/numbness in 2+ median nerve-served digits plus a nerve conduction study consistent with CTS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001558DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449203PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

The Association Between Incentive Designs and Health Assessment or Biometric Screening Completion.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr;61(4):e146-e149

American Specialty Health, Indiana (Mr Heltemes, Dr Pelletier, Ms Ippolito, Ms Do, Mr Boylan); University of California San Francisco (UCSF) School of Medicine, San Francisco, California (Dr Pelletier).

Objectives: To identify statistically significant predictors for completing a Personal Health Assessment (PHA) or biometric screening from attributes of incentive designs.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted that included 426,694 members from 56 employer groups who required a PHA or screening as part of their incentive during 2016.

Results: Incentive designs that combine high-value with immediate disbursement can relatively increase employee PHA participation by as much as 66% over plans with low-value and delayed disbursement (56. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001556DOI Listing

Incidence and Longitudinal Changes in Prevalence of Chronic Bronchitis in Farm and Non-Farm Rural Residents of Saskatchewan.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr;61(4):347-356

Department of Community Health and Epidemiology (Dr Pahwa); Canadian Centre for Health and Safety in Agriculture (Dr Pahwa, Mr Rana, Mr Amin, Mr Chu, Dr Karunanayake, Dr Dosman), University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.

Objective: To assess the predictors associated with incidence and longitudinal changes in the prevalence of chronic bronchitis (CB) among farm and non-farm residents of rural Saskatchewan, Canada.

Methods: The Saskatchewan Rural Health Study was a prospective study of the lung health of rural dwellers. We obtained information on 4624 households, 8261 individuals (2797 households, 4867 individuals) at baseline (follow-up). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001560DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Impact of a Structured Weight Management Program on Worker Productivity.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):148-152

Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology & Diabetes, Department of Internal Medicine, Michigan Medicine (Dr Iyengar, Ms Miller, Dr Ajluni, Dr Kraftson, Ms Nay, Ms Brown, Dr Rothberg); Department of Nutritional Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Michigan (Dr Rothberg), Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Objective: To determine the impact of an intensive behavioral weight management program on presenteeism and absenteeism in obese participants employed full-time.

Methods: Participants were recruited from the University of Michigan Weight Management program (WMP), a multidisciplinary lifestyle program targeting 15% body weight loss. Absenteeism and presenteeism were assessed using the World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire (HPQ) at baseline and 6 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001504DOI Listing
February 2019

Calendar of Meeting.

Authors:

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):e81

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.jom.0000553593.21810.e6DOI Listing
February 2019

New Highlights.

Authors:

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):e80-e81

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001540DOI Listing
February 2019

Occupational Health of New York City Car Wash Workers.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):e77-e79

Barry Commoner Center for Health and the Environment, Queens College, City University of New York, New York, New York Barry Commoner Center for Health and the Environment, Queens College, City University of New York, New York, New York Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union, New York, New York Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union, New York, New York Barry Commoner Center for Health and the Environment, Queens College, City University of New York, New York, New York.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001520DOI Listing
February 2019

The Occupational Health of Prison Inmates: An Ignored Population and an Opportunity.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):e74-e76

HealthPartners Occupational Medicine, St Paul, Minnesota.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001514DOI Listing
February 2019

A New Look for JOEM.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb;61(2):e65

Editor-in-Chief, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001543DOI Listing
February 2019

Effects of Household Air Pollution From Solid Fuel Use and Environmental Tobacco Smoke on Child Health Outcomes in Indonesia.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr;61(4):335-339

Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Jalan P.B. Sudirman, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia (Ms Suryadhi); Department of Human Ecology, Graduate School of Environmental and Life Science, Okayama University, Kita-ku, Okayama, Japan (Ms Suryadhi, Mr Abudureyimu, and Dr Yorifuji); Department of Public Health and Health Policy, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, Japan (Dr Kashima).

Objective: We assessed the combined effect of household air pollution from solid fuel use and from environmental tobacco smoke and child health outcomes in Indonesia.

Methods: Survey subjects self-reported solid fuel use, frequency of indoor smoking, and health outcomes in children. We then evaluated the effect of a combined exposure using multivariate logistic regression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001554DOI Listing

Diagnostic Tests for Low Back Disorders.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr;61(4):e155-e168

American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Elk Grove Village, Illinois.

Objective: The aim of this study was to summarize evidence-based diagnostic guidelines for low back disorders.

Methods: A comprehensive literature review was conducted. A total of 101 articles of high or moderate quality addressing low back disorders diagnostic evaluation met the inclusion criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001551DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads
1.797 Impact Factor

Among All Miners, Coal Miners Demonstrate a Disproportionately High Prevalence of Obstructive Spirometric Abnormality and Chronic Bronchitis.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr;61(4):328-334

University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque (Dr Sood, Mrs Shore, Dr Myers, Dr Assad, Dr Cook); and Miners' Colfax Medical Center, Raton (Dr Sood, Mr Pollard), New Mexico.

Objective: To compare the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) between miners extracting coal versus other minerals.

Methods: The study population was based on New Mexico miners, mostly Hispanic and American Indian, attending a rural community-based mobile screening clinic program between 1989 and 2014. We compared self-reported symptoms, lung diseases, and spirometric patterns between 1353 coal miners and 4140 non-coal miners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001547DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

Economic Evaluation of Combining Pharmaco- and Behavioral Therapies for Smoking Cessation in an Occupational Medicine Setting.

J Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr;61(4):318-327

Health Economics and Outcomes Research Department (Dr Rejas-Gutiérrez); Trial Form Support Develop, Madrid (Dr López-Ibáñez de Aldecoa); Occupational Health and Risks Prevention Service (Ms Casasola, Dr Arriaza), Pfizer, SLU, Alcobendas; Human Resources and Risks Prevention Area (Dr Varela); and Labour Health and Risks Prevention Service (Ms Quesada, Dr Olive), Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain.

Objective: To estimate the budget impact (BI) of funding pharmaco+behavioral therapies for smoking cessation from an employer perspective.

Methods: A hybrid economic model was applied to estimate the BI, which considered up to four cessation attempts over a 3-year horizon. The model estimated the costs of funding a cessation programme, and the mean savings due to avoided loss of productivity and absenteeism because of smoking cessation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001546DOI Listing