663 results match your criteria Journal of Obesity [Journal]


Cost-Effectiveness Evaluation of Bariatric Surgery for Morbidly Obese with Diabetes Patients in Thailand.

J Obes 2019 3;2019:5383478. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Bariatric surgery is a choice for treatment in morbidly obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM type 2) who have inadequate diabetes control with only medical treatment. However, bariatric surgery requires highly sophisticated equipment, and thus the cost of surgery seems to be very high following the procedure compared with the cost of conventional diabetes care. This raises the question of whether bariatric surgery is cost-effective for morbidly obese people with diabetes in Thailand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5383478DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377984PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Double-Blind, Randomized, Three-Armed, Placebo-Controlled, Clinical Investigation to Evaluate the Benefit and Tolerability of Two Dosages of IQP-AE-103 in Reducing Body Weight in Overweight and Moderately Obese Subjects.

J Obes 2019 3;2019:3412952. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

Zaluvida Corporate Sdn Bhd, E-16 Plaza Mont Kiara, 2 Jalan Kiara, 50480 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Objective: This study was performed to determine the efficacy and tolerability/safety of IQP-AE-103 on body weight reduction in overweight to moderately obese adults.

Methods: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial involved one hundred and eight subjects (BMI between 25 and 35 kg/m) that were randomly assigned to either the low-dose or the high-dose IQP-AE-103 group, or the placebo group. Following a 2-week run-in period, subjects received two capsules of investigational product after three daily main meals for 12 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3412952DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377993PMC
February 2019

HDL Subclass Distribution Shifts with Increasing Central Adiposity.

J Obes 2019 3;2019:2107178. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

Non-Communicable Diseases Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Parow Valley, Cape Town, South Africa.

Although cross-sectional studies have shown that obesity is associated with lower concentrations of large high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subclasses, it is unknown if changes in HDL subclasses are related to changes in body fat and its distribution over time. We therefore assessed changes in HDL subclass distribution over a 5.5-year free-living follow-up period in 24 black South African women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2107178DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6378000PMC
February 2019

Absolute Weight Loss, and Not Weight Loss Rate, Is Associated with Better Improvements in Metabolic Health.

J Obes 2019 29;2019:3609642. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, Toronto, Canada.

Objective: To determine if the rate of weight loss (WL) is associated with metabolic changes independent of the absolute WL.

Methods: WL and health changes were assessed in 11,281 patients attending a publicly funded clinical weight management program over a treatment period of 12.7 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3609642DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374859PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Exercise Dose Effects on Body Fat 12 Months after an Exercise Intervention: Follow-up from a Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Obes 2019 20;2019:3916416. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Background: Exercise interventions can result in weight loss, which is associated with reductions in disease risk. It is unknown how the volume of exercise prescribed in a one-time exercise intervention impacts long-term body fatness. We compared 24-month body fat changes among postmenopausal women previously prescribed 300 versus 150 minutes/week of exercise in a year-long exercise intervention trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3916416DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363238PMC
January 2019

Beverage Intake and Its Effect on Body Weight Status among WIC Preschool-Age Children.

J Obes 2019 16;2019:3032457. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Florida International University, Miami 33199, USA.

Given the prevalence and consequences of childhood obesity, efforts are being made to identify risk factors and design evidence-based interventions to reduce its impact. Food and beverage consumption habits are established early in life, making preschool-age children an important group to focus on. This cross-sectional study explored beverage intake and its association with body weight status among low-income preschool-age children enrolled in the Special Supplementation Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3032457DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360070PMC
January 2019

Correlates of and Body Composition Measures Associated with Metabolically Healthy Obesity Phenotype in Hispanic/Latino Women and Men: The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL).

J Obes 2019 15;2019:1251456. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Institute for Minority Health Research, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1819 West Polk Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.

Background: Individuals with "metabolically healthy obesity" (MHO) phenotype (i.e., obesity and absence of cardiometabolic abnormalities: favorable levels of blood pressure, lipids, and glucose) experience lower risk of cardiovascular disease compared with those with "metabolically at-risk obesity" (MAO) phenotype (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/1251456DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350597PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Parents' Perceptions of the Challenges to Helping Their Children Maintain or Achieve a Healthy Weight.

J Obes 2019 9;2019:9192340. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Health Policy and Management, Harvard Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Introduction: Parents play a critical role in their children's weight. This paper examines parents' perceptions about the challenges to helping their kids maintain or achieve a healthy weight.

Methods: We analyzed data in 2017 from a U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9192340DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343153PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Maternal Perceptions of Self-Weight and Child Weight May Influence Milk Choice of Participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC).

J Obes 2019 3;2019:3654728. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

PHFE-WIC, Irwindale, CA, USA.

Objective: To examine the association between maternal perceptions of self-weight and child weight status and milk consumption behavior of Hispanic WIC participants.

Methods: Mixed methods design with phone survey (=529) and one-on-one interviews (=35). Demographic characteristics, Chi-square, and thematic analyses were conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3654728DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335787PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Comparison between LigaSure™ and Harmonic® in Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: A Single-Center Experience on 422 Patients.

J Obes 2019 3;2019:3402137. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, "Federico II" University, Via Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy.

Background: New laparoscopic devices, such as electrothermal bipolar-activated devices (LigaSure™ (LS)) or ultrasonic systems (Harmonic® scalpel (HS)), have been applied recently to bariatric surgery allowing to reduce blood loss and surgical risks. The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare intraoperative performance of HS and LS, postoperative results, and clinical outcomes in a large cohort of patients undergoing LSG.

Methods: Data from 422 morbidly obese patients undergoing LSG in our Bariatric Unit at the Advanced Biomedical Sciences Department of the "Federico II" University of Naples (Italy) between January 2009 and December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3402137DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335858PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Effects of a Meal Replacement on Body Composition and Metabolic Parameters among Subjects with Overweight or Obesity.

J Obes 2018 26;2018:2837367. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Peking University, 38 Xue Yuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100191, China.

Meal replacement plans are effective tools for weight loss and improvement of various clinical characteristics but not sustainable due to the severe energy restriction. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of meal replacement, specifically 388 kcal in total energy, on body composition and metabolic parameters in individuals with overweight and obesity from a Chinese population. A parallel, randomized controlled trial was performed with 174 participants (ChiCTR-OOC-17012000). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2837367DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327254PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Corrigendum to "Basic Anthropometric Measures in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients and Individually Sex- and Age-Matched Controls from the General Population".

J Obes 2018 18;2018:3126805. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Center for Clinical Research, Region Vastmanland-Uppsala University, Hospital of Vastmanland, Västerås, Sweden.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2018/3839482.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3126805DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312588PMC
December 2018
1 Read

The Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Pro12Ala Affects Body Mass Index, Fat Mass, and Blood Pressure in Severely Obese Patients.

J Obes 2018 12;2018:2743081. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Health Science Post-Graduation Program, Faculty of Medicine, Universidade Federal de Goiás, 1a Avenida s/n, Setor Universitário, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil.

Background: The Pro12Ala (rs1801282) and -174G >C (rs1800795) have important function in body weight regulation and a potential role in obesity risk. We aimed to investigate the association between Pro12Ala and -174G >C variants and the genotypes interaction with body composition, metabolic markers, food consumption, and physical activity in severely obese patients.

Methods: 150 severely obese patients (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 35 kg/m) from Central Brazil were recruited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2743081DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311828PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

The Epidemiology and Economic Burden of Obesity and Related Cardiometabolic Disorders in the United Arab Emirates: A Systematic Review and Qualitative Synthesis.

J Obes 2018 3;2018:2185942. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

INSPECT-LB, Institut National de Santé Publique, d'Épidémiologie Clinique et de Toxicologie, Faculty of Public Health, The Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are considered as a global health problem and considered as a public health priority with the more considerable increasing trend of obesity and cardiometabolic disorders rates in the Middle Eastern countries. This systematic review aims at assessing the prevalence, incidence rates, and trends, as well as the cost of obesity and related cardiometabolic disorders in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Methods: A highly sensitive strategy was used to retrieve original observational studies, addressing the epidemiology and cost of obesity and related cardiometabolic disorders in the UAE, irrespective of nationality (nationals and expatriates). Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2018/2185942/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2185942DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311818PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

Counting Footsteps with a Pedometer to Improve HMW Adiponectin and Metabolic Syndrome among Young Female Adults in the United Arab Emirates.

J Obes 2018 6;2018:1597840. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Center for Southeast Asia Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Introduction: Physical activity (PA) may improve cardiometabolic fitness and increase high-molecular-weight adiponectin (HMW-Adip). The pedometer is an effective, user-friendly device to monitor PA with the aim of improving health. This study examined how counting footsteps, using a pedometer, might affect HMW-Adip and MetS components among young females. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1597840DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304855PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Evaluation of Worksite Wellness Nutrition and Physical Activity Programs and Their Subsequent Impact on Participants' Body Composition.

J Obes 2018 3;2018:1035871. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA.

Background: Adult obesity is globally recognized as a public health concern. As adults spend most of their weekdays at work, worksite wellness programs may include topics of nutrition education and physical activity to improve an employee's body composition. However, results are inconsistent with the impact they have on employees' body composition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1035871DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304910PMC
December 2018
1 Read

A Strong Graded Relationship between Level of Obesity and COPD: Findings from a National Population-Based Study of Lifelong Nonsmokers.

J Obes 2018 20;2018:6149263. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work and University Health Network, 246 Bloor St. W., Room 238, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1V4.

Factors associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among never-smokers have received little research attention. One potential risk factor for COPD is obesity, which is of particular importance in light of the global obesity epidemic. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between COPD and levels of obesity in a nationally representative sample of non-Hispanic white never-smokers. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2018/6149263/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6149263DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280223PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Weight Loss Induced by Bariatric Surgery Restricts Hepatic Expression.

J Obes 2018 8;2018:7108075. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Internal Medicine I, Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Endocrinology & Metabolism, Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck 6020, Austria.

Introduction: Obesity and related nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are an emerging health care issue that imposes substantial morbidity to individuals. Growth and differentiation factor 15 () limits food uptake, body weight, and energy balance by modulation of GDNF-family receptor -like (GFRAL) signalling in the hindbrain. However, the regulation of expression in obesity and NAFLD is incompletely understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7108075DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6250003PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Basic Anthropometric Measures in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients and Individually Sex- and Age-Matched Controls from the General Population.

J Obes 2018 2;2018:3839482. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Center for Clinical Research, Region Vastmanland-Uppsala University, Hospital of Vastmanland, Västerås, Sweden.

We compared weight, height, waist and hip circumferences (hip), body mass index (BMI), and waist-to-hip ratio in acute myocardial infarction (MI) patients and individually sex- and age-matched control subjects from the general population in the catchment area of the patients and predicted the risk of MI status by these basic anthropometric measures. The study cohort comprised 748 patients ≤80 years of age with acute MI from a major Swedish cardiac center and their individually sex- and age-matched controls. The analyses were stratified for sex and age (≤65/≥66 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3839482DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6247440PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Anthropometric Indicators of Adiposity Related to Body Weight and Body Shape as Cardiometabolic Risk Predictors in British Young Adults: Superiority of Waist-to-Height Ratio.

J Obes 2018 1;2018:8370304. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Frequently reported poor dietary habits of young adults increase their risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Excess adiposity is the most established predictor of MetS, and numerous anthropometric measures have been proposed as proxy indicators of adiposity. We aimed to assess prevalence of MetS in young adult population and to make comparison between weight- and shape-oriented measures of adiposity to identify the best index in association with measured body fat and as a risk predictor for MetS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8370304DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6236774PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Body Mass Index at Pediatric Leukemia Diagnosis and the Risks of Relapse and Mortality: Findings from a Single Institution and Meta-analysis.

J Obes 2018 1;2018:7048078. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Cancer and Blood Disorders Institute, Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital, St. Petersburg, FL, USA.

High body mass index (BMI) is associated with relapse of certain adult cancers, but limited knowledge exists on its association with pediatric leukemia relapse. We evaluated the association between overweight/obesity (BMI ≥ 85 percentile) at pediatric leukemia diagnosis and relapse or mortality. A meta-analysis combining our findings with those of previous studies was also performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7048078DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6236800PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

(Yacon) Flour Improves Visceral Adiposity and Metabolic Parameters in High-Fat-Diet-Fed Rats.

J Obes 2018 28;2018:5341384. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Instituto Superior de Investigaciones Biológicas (INSIBIO), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas-Universidad Nacional de Tucumán (CONICET-UNT), Chacabuco 461, T4000ILI San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina.

(yacon), a native plant of South America, was observed to improve lipid profile in rodents and humans. This study aimed to investigate the antiobesity properties of yacon roots in a high-fat-diet (HFD) model and the underlying mechanisms. A total of 30 Wistar male rats were divided into five groups (=6): the standard chow diet (SD) group was fed a SD; the HFD group was fed a HFD; and the HFD Y340 and HFD Y680 groups were fed a HFD plus yacon flour (340 and 680 mg FOS/kg b. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2018/5341384/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5341384DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6230400PMC
October 2018
8 Reads

School-Based Interventions and Programs to Address Weight Issues.

J Obes 2018 28;2018:3538964. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Department of Counseling, School, and Educational Psychology, Graduate School of Education, University at Buffalo-SUNY, Buffalo, NY, USA.

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2018/3538964/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3538964DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6230380PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Impact of Sleeve Gastrectomy on Psychiatric Medication Use and Symptoms.

J Obes 2018 15;2018:8532602. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Synergy Bariatrics, A Department of ECMC, University at Buffalo School of Medicine, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA.

Background: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has become the primary bariatric surgery procedure in the U.S. Over 50% of people presenting for surgery have psychiatric diagnoses. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2018/8532602/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8532602DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6205308PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

School Engagement in Relation to Body Mass Index and School Achievement in a High-School Age Sample.

J Obes 2018 1;2018:3729318. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Counseling, School, and Educational Psychology, University at Buffalo-State University of New York, 420 Baldy Hall, Buffalo, NY 14260-1000, USA.

Purpose: Research has documented an inverse relationship between body mass index (BMI) and school achievement but has failed to empirically explain it. We tested whether this association among adolescents can be explained in part by student engagement.

Methods: A self-report survey about health and school behaviors was completed by 196 high school students; BMI and achievement data were obtained from school records. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2018/3729318/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3729318DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191957PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

Laparoscopic Gastric Plication versus Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: An Up-to-Date Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Obes 2018 9;2018:3617458. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Surgery, University Hospital of Larissa, Mezourlo, 41110 Larissa, Greece.

Introduction: A meta-analysis was conducted in order to provide an up-to-date comparison of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic gastric plication (LGP) for morbid obesity.

Materials And Methods: The PRISMA guidelines and were used for the conduction of this study. A systematic literature search was performed in the electronic databases (MEDLINE, CENTRAL, and Web of Science and Scopus). Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2018/3617458/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3617458DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6198571PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

The Association between Antihypertensive Medication Use and Blood Pressure Is Influenced by Obesity.

J Obes 2018 1;2018:4573258. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

York University, School of Kinesiology and Health Science, Toronto, ON, Canada M3J 1P3.

Introduction: One in three US adults is living with obesity or hypertension, and more than 75% of hypertensive individuals are using antihypertensive medications. Therefore, it is important to examine blood pressure (BP) differences in populations that are using these medications with differing obesity status.

Aim: We examined whether BP attained when using various antihypertensive medications varies amongst different body mass index (BMI) categories and whether antihypertensive medication use is associated with differences in other metabolic risk factors, independent of BMI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4573258DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6188586PMC
October 2018
13 Reads

Gestational Weight Gain Intervention Impacts Determinants of Healthy Eating and Exercise in Overweight/Obese Pregnant Women.

J Obes 2018 1;2018:6469170. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Exercise Psychology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, State College, PA, USA.

High gestational weight gain (GWG) in overweight/obese pregnant women increases maternal-fetal complications. We conducted a 6-week GWG intervention based on an energy balance model that includes theories of planned behavior (TPB) and self-regulation constructs to promote exercise and healthy eating motivation and behaviors. The purposes of this proof-of-concept feasibility study were to examine: (1) the energy balance model constructs over the intervention, and (2) pre-post intervention, weekly, and dose-response changes in study constructs. Read More

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https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK32822/
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https://www.bmj.com/content/348/bmj.g1285
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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2018/6469170/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6469170DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6188727PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Effects of Immediate or Delayed Estradiol on Behavior in Old Menopausal Macaques on Obesogenic Diet.

J Obes 2018 27;2018:1810275. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Division of Neuroscience, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Beaverton, OR 97006, USA.

Macaques have served as effective models of human disease, including pathological processes associated with obesity and the metabolic syndrome. This study approached several questions: (1) does a western-style diet (WSD) contribute to sedentary behavior or is sedentary behavior a consequence of obesity and (2) does estradiol (E) hormone therapy offset WSD or ameliorate sedentary behavior? We further questioned whether the timing of E administration (immediately following hysterectomy, ImE; or after a 2-year delay, DE) would impact behavior. Focal observations were taken on the animals in social housing over a period of 2. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2018/1810275/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1810275DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6181005PMC
September 2018
15 Reads

Using Adipose Measures from Health Care Provider-Based Imaging Data for Discovery.

J Obes 2018 27;2018:3253096. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Biomedical and Translational Informatics Institute, Geisinger Research, Danville, PA, USA.

The location and type of adipose tissue is an important factor in metabolic syndrome. A database of picture archiving and communication system (PACS) derived abdominal computerized tomography (CT) images from a large health care provider, Geisinger, was used for large-scale research of the relationship of volume of subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) with obesity-related diseases and clinical laboratory measures. Using a "greedy snake" algorithm and 2,545 CT images from the Geisinger PACS, we measured levels of VAT, SAT, total adipose tissue (TAT), and adipose ratio volumes. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2018/3253096/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3253096DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6180992PMC
September 2018
12 Reads

Relationship between Peer Pressure and Risk of Eating Disorders among Adolescents in Jordan.

J Obes 2018 19;2018:7309878. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Faculty of Nursing, Jordan University of Science and Technology, PO BOX 3030, Irbid 22110, Jordan.

Background: The prevalence of disordered eating behaviors (DEBs) have increased worldwide. It is estimated that about 31.6% of Jordanian adolescents developed DEB. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2018/7309878/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7309878DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6169234PMC
September 2018
17 Reads

Obesity Is Associated with Early Onset of Gastrointestinal Cancers in California.

J Obes 2018 19;2018:7014073. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Surgery, University of California, Box 956904, 72-251 Center for Health Sciences, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.

Background: Although it is well known that obesity is a risk factor for gastrointestinal (GI) cancer, it is not well established if obesity can cause earlier GI cancer onset.

Methods: A cross-sectional study examining the linked 2004-2008 California Cancer Registry Patient Discharge Database was performed to evaluate the association between obesity and onset age among four gastrointestinal cancers, including esophageal, gastric, pancreatic, and colorectal cancers. Regression models were constructed to adjust for other carcinogenic factors. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2018/7014073/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7014073DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6169206PMC
September 2018
15 Reads

Resectional One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass/Mini Gastric Bypass as a Novel Option for Revision of Restrictive Procedures: Preliminary Results.

J Obes 2018 18;2018:4049136. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Imaging, Clinique du Levant, University Saint Joseph Medical School, Beirut 50226, Lebanon.

Background: Revisional surgery is becoming a common and challenging practice in bariatric centers. The aim of this study was to evaluate resectional one anastomosis gastric bypass/mini gastric bypass (R-OAGB/MGB) as a revisional procedure.

Methods: From January 2016 to February 2017, data on 21 consecutive patients undergoing R-OAGB/MGB for weight loss failure after primary restrictive procedures were prospectively collected and analysed. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2018/4049136/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4049136DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6167600PMC
September 2018
6 Reads

Adiposity Is a Key Correlate of Circulating Fibroblast Growth Factor-21 Levels in African Males with or without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

J Obes 2018 12;2018:7461903. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Fibroblast growth factor-21 is an endocrine regulator with therapeutic and diagnostic potential. The levels and pattern of circulating FGF-21 have been described mainly in European and Asian populations. Given its strong association with adiposity, and the reported ethnic variabilities in body composition, examining FGF-21 in an African population is crucial. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2018/7461903/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7461903DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6157203PMC
September 2018
6 Reads

Arm Circumference-to-Height Ratio as a Situational Alternative to BMI Percentile in Assessing Obesity and Cardiometabolic Risk in Adolescents.

J Obes 2018 6;2018:7456461. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Applied Health Science, School of Public Health Bloomington, Indiana University, 116 SPH-B, 1025 E. 7th Street, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA.

Objective: To determine whether arm circumference-to-height ratio (AHtR) predicts adolescents' cardiometabolic risk and how its predictive statistics compare to those of body mass index (BMI) percentile.

Methods: Pooled data for adolescents ( = 12,269, 12-18 years) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7456461DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146674PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Overweight and Obesity in Schoolchildren: Hierarchical Analysis of Associated Demographic, Behavioral, and Biological Factors.

J Obes 2018 5;2018:6128034. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Biology and Pharmacy Department, Postgraduate Program in Health Promotion, University of Santa Cruz do Sul (UNISC), 96.815-900 Santa Cruz do Sul, RS, Brazil.

Studies focused on the mechanisms involved in the development of obesity in children and adolescents have reported associations between this condition and birth weight, sedentary lifestyle, and hereditary conditions. However, few studies have simultaneously evaluated these factors. This cross-sectional study aims to identify demographic, behavioral, and biological factors associated with overweight/obesity in children and adolescents. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2018/6128034/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6128034DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6145315PMC
September 2018
14 Reads

Prevalence and Predictors of Overweight and Obesity among Somalis in Norway and Somaliland: A Comparative Study.

J Obes 2018 3;2018:4539171. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

Department of Community Medicine and Global Health, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Background And Aim: The knowledge about the health status of Somalis in Norway and Somaliland is limited. This paper reports the results of a comparative study on the prevalence and predictors of overweight/obesity among Somalis in Norway and Somaliland.

Method: We conducted two cross-sectional studies using the same tools and procedures, between 2015 and 2016. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2018/4539171/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4539171DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6140005PMC
September 2018
9 Reads

Prospective Associations of the Short Form Health Survey Vitality Scale and Changes in Body Mass Index and Obesity Status.

J Obes 2018 1;2018:3671953. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Section of Environmental Health, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Øster Farimagsgade 5A, 1353 Copenhagen K, Denmark.

Objectives: The objectives of the current study were to prospectively investigate the predictive value of the vitality scale of the Short Form Health Survey for changes in body mass index and development of obesity.

Methods: The study population comprised 2864 (81.5%) men and 648 (18. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3671953DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6092999PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

The First Step of Health Policy-Making for Lifestyle Modifications at Middle Age: Problem Identification in 40- to 60-Year-Old Population, Northern Iran.

J Obes 2018 16;2018:9895346. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the current situation of lifestyle behaviors and related outcomes, as the first step to make proper local health policies for improvement of health lifestyle behaviors.

Materials And Methods: This analytic research has been conducted as a cross-sectional study on the middle-aged (40-60 years old) population of Amirkola, Northern Iran. The Persian translation of the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II questionnaire and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire were used for data collection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9895346DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6079593PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Anthropometrics, Metabolic Syndrome, and Mortality Hazard.

J Obes 2018 12;2018:9241904. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Metro Detroit Diabetes and Endocrinology, Southfield, MI, USA.

Independent indices (height, body mass index, a body shape index, and hip index) derived from basic anthropometrics have been found to be powerful predictors of mortality hazard, especially when the attributable risks are summed over these indices to give an anthropometric risk index (ARI). The metabolic syndrome (MS) is defined based on the co-occurrence of anthropometric, clinical, and laboratory criteria and is also widely employed for evaluating disease risk. Here, we investigate correlations between ARI and MS in a general population sample, the United States Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9241904DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6079473PMC
July 2018
23 Reads

Impact of Experimentally Induced Cognitive Dietary Restraint on Eating Behavior Traits, Appetite Sensations, and Markers of Stress during Energy Restriction in Overweight/Obese Women.

J Obes 2018 25;2018:4259389. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods (INAF), Pavillon des Services, Laval University, 2440 Boulevard Hochelaga, Québec, QC, Canada G1V 0A6.

Weight loss has been associated with changes in eating behaviors and appetite sensations that favor a regain in body weight. Since traditional weight loss approaches emphasize the importance of increasing cognitive dietary restraint (CDR) to achieve negative energy imbalance, it is difficult to untangle the respective contributions of energy restriction and increases in CDR on factors that can eventually lead to body weight regain. The present study aimed at comparing the effects of energy restriction alone or in combination with experimentally induced CDR on eating behavior traits, appetite sensations, and markers of stress in overweight and obese women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4259389DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6079586PMC
June 2018
3 Reads

Corrigendum to "Sequence Analysis of the Gene in a Severe Obese Population from Southern Italy".

J Obes 2018 19;2018:3260210. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

CEINGE Biotecnologie Avanzate S.C. a R.L., Via Gaetano Salvatore 486, 80145 Naples, Italy.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2011/269043.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3260210DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6079434PMC
July 2018
4 Reads

Canadian Senate Report on Obesity: Focusing on Individual Behaviours versus Social Determinants of Health May Promote Weight Stigma.

J Obes 2018 2;2018:8645694. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 1N4.

Very little attention has been given to unintended consequences of government reporting on obesity. This paper argues that the 2016 Senate report, "Obesity in Canada: A Whole-Of-Society Approach," exemplifies the systemic public health issue of weight stigma. The purpose of this viewpoint is to critique the approach taken in the Report, by illustrating that it (1) takes a weight-centric approach to health, (2) does not acknowledge important limitations of the definition and measurement of obesity, (3) reifies obesity as a categorical phenomenon that must be prevented, and (4) uses aggressive framing and disrespectful terminology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8645694DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6051051PMC
July 2018
15 Reads

Trial Characteristics and Appropriateness of Statistical Methods Applied for Design and Analysis of Randomized School-Based Studies Addressing Weight-Related Issues: A Literature Review.

J Obes 2018 25;2018:8767315. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Indiana University-Bloomington, Bloomington, IN, USA.

Objective: To evaluate whether clustering effects, often quantified by the intracluster correlation coefficient (ICC), were appropriately accounted for in design and analysis of school-based trials.

Methods: We searched PubMed and extracted variables concerning study characteristics, power analysis, ICC use for power analysis, applied statistical models, and the report of the ICC estimated from the observed data.

Results: =263 papers were identified, and =121 papers were included for evaluation. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2018/8767315/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8767315DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6036807PMC
June 2018
16 Reads

Identification and Characterization of Families That Are Positively Deviant for Childhood Obesity in a Latino Population: A Case-Control Study.

J Obes 2018 19;2018:9285164. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Communication, The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX, USA.

Background: Childhood obesity is a complex public health challenge that requires innovative, sustainable solutions. Positive deviance, inspired by the science of complexity, is an approach that examines what allows certain individuals to succeed despite being predicted to fail. This study is aimed at identifying and defining positive deviants for early childhood obesity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9285164DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6029506PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Dyslipidemia and Fatty Liver Disease in Overweight and Obese Children.

J Obes 2018 12;2018:8626818. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Biochemistry Department, Shaikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, UAE.

Introduction: Obesity is a worldwide concern. It is associated with morbidity such as dyslipidemia and liver disease. Childhood obesity has dramatically increased, particularly in the Gulf region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8626818DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6020453PMC
June 2018
14 Reads

A Shorter Circular Stapler Height at the Gastrojejunostomy during a Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass Results in Less Strictures and Bleeding Complications.

J Obes 2018 29;2018:6959786. Epub 2018 May 29.

Department of Surgery, University of Calgary, 1023 North Tower, 1403-29 Street NW, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 2T9.

The laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is prone to a number of complications, most notably at the gastrojejunostomy (GJ) staple line. The circular stapler technique is a common method used to create the GJ anastomosis. Although recent studies have shown a decreased rate of anastomotic strictures with shorter stapler heights, the optimal circular stapler height to use remains controversial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6959786DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5996411PMC
May 2018
2 Reads

Examining the Obesogenic Attributes of the Family Child Care Home Environment: A Literature Review.

J Obes 2018 10;2018:3490651. Epub 2018 Jun 10.

Department of Acute and Chronic Care, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.

Childhood obesity is a major public health concern in the US. More than a third of young children 2-5 years old are placed in nonrelative child care for the majority of the day, making the child care setting an important venue to spearhead obesity prevention. Much of the obesity research in child care has focused on center-based facilities, with emerging research on Family Child Care Homes (FCCHs)-child care operated in a home setting outside the child's home. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3490651DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6015672PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Management of Pregnant Women after Bariatric Surgery.

J Obes 2018 3;2018:4587064. Epub 2018 Jun 3.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine III, Medical University Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

The prevalence of obesity is growing worldwide, and strategies to overcome this epidemic need to be developed urgently. Bariatric surgery is a very effective treatment option to reduce excess weight and often performed in women of reproductive age. Weight loss influences fertility positively and can resolve hormonal imbalance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4587064DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6008727PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Body Size Misperception and Overweight or Obesity among Saudi College-Aged Females.

J Obes 2018 21;2018:5246915. Epub 2018 May 21.

Lifestyle and Health Research, Health Science Research Center, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, P.O. Box 93216, Riyadh 11673, Saudi Arabia.

The aim of the study was to investigate the associations between perceived and desired body size and overweight and obesity among college-aged females. A multistage stratified cluster random sample was used to select 907 healthy females from a major Saudi public university. The Stunkard Figure Rating Scale (FRS) was used for body size assessment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5246915DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5987306PMC
May 2018
1 Read