172 results match your criteria Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics [Journal]


The Attitudes Toward Tube-Feeding in Advanced Dementia (ATT-FAD) Questionnaire: A Valid and Reliable Tool.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Dec 4:1-21. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

a Department of Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management , The University of Alabama , Tuscaloosa , AL , USA.

Registered Dietitians (RDs) should participate in interdisciplinary feeding discussions for patients with advanced dementia, but research on how RDs make such feeding recommendations is scarce. This study developed and validated a theory-based questionnaire to assess the knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes of RDs regarding feeding tube use among older adults with advanced dementia. The instrument was drafted based on the Social Ecological Model, and face and content validity were established through an expert panel review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1518797DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Potential Dietary Supplement and Medication Interactions in a Subset of the Older Adult Population Attending Congregate Sites.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Nov 6:1-13. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

a Department of Kinesiology, Health, and Nutrition , University of Texas at San Antonio , San Antonio , TX , USA.

This study assessed possible dietary supplement-medication interactions of 62 older adults recruited from 8 senior congregate sites in Bexar County, Texas. Dietary supplement and medication use were collected by paper questionnaire and potential supplement-medication interactions were assessed using online databases. The majority of participants reported dietary supplements (77%), non-prescription medication (50%), and prescription medication (73%) use. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21551197.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1519481DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Factors Influencing Dietary Intake Frequencies and Nutritional Risk among Community-Residing Older Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Oct 30:1-14. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

f Department of Kinesiology , University of Rhode Island , Kingston , RI , USA.

Older adult (OA) dietary practices may be placing them at nutritional risk. This cross-sectional study examined the dietary intake frequencies (DIF) and nutritional risk (NR) using the Dietary Screening Tool (DST) of OA attending community-based nutrition education and physical activity programs. Most were white females aged 60-80 years. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21551197.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1524809DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Nutritional Status and Osteoporotic Fracture Rehabilitation Outcomes in Older Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Oct 30:1-10. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

a Dorot Medical Rehabilitation Geriatric Center , Netanya , Israel.

To determine the impact of nutritional status and risk factors for undernutrition based on the changes in functional outcomes and rehabilitation success, defined as the ability of older adults to return as close as possible to their original functional state. Retrospective cohort study among 107 rehabilitation patients, aged ≥65 y. Data included demographics, Functional Independence Measure (FIM), Short Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire (SNAQ), reported weight, Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), and Cumulative Illness Rating-Scale for Geriatrics (CIRS-G). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21551197.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1496513DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Food and Nutrition Care in Long-Term Care Facilities: Examining the Perspectives of Frontline Workers.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Oct 30:1-13. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

a Department of Nutrition and Food Studies , Montclair State University , Montclair , New Jersey , USA.

Malnutrition in older adults residing in long-term care facilities continues to be a problem in the United States. Existing research has identified a list of possible contributing factors, including staffing problems. Few studies on food and nutrition care have attempted to gain the perspectives of nursing or dietary aides (henceforth, aides), the frontline staff who work most closely with the residents of long-term care facilities. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21551197.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1516593DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Cross-Sectional Inverse Association of Regular Soy Intake with Insulin Resistance in Japanese Elderly.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Oct 15:1-10. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

c Department of Health Management, School of Health Studies, Tokai University , Kanagawa , Japan.

Levels of isoflavones, biomarkers of soy intake, in 24-hour urine (24U) were inversely related to coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality in the World Health Organization's Cardiovascular Disease and Alimentary Comparison Study. Considering 24 U isoflavone levels were highest and CHD mortality was lowest in the Japanese, who maintained the world's longest life expectancy, the association of regular soy intake with cardiometabolic risk was investigated in Japanese adults (20-49 years old) and elderly (50-79 years old). In multivariate analysis adjusted for age, sex, and drug treatments, mean 24 U isoflavone excretion was significantly inversely associated with insulin resistance in the elderly and significantly associated with blood folate and potassium in the elderly, but also positively associated with 24 U salt in the elderly. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21551197.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1496512DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Nutritional Risk among Congregate Meal Site Participants: Benefits of a SNAP-Ed Program.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Oct 4:1-14. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

e State Human Sciences Extension and Outreach Specialist, Nutrition and Wellness, Department of FSHN , Iowa State University , Ames , IA , USA.

This study examined the impact of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed) program Fresh Conversations (FC) on the nutritional risk (NR) of older adults (OAs). A convenience sample of OAs (207 Treatment, 148 Control) completed questionnaires comprised of validated measures to assess NR, barriers to healthy eating self-efficacy (SE), food safety behaviors (FSB), and food security (FS) at three-time points over 9 months. Participants were mostly white (92. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21551197.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1516592DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Misreporting of Energy Intake in Older People: Comparison of Two Dietary Assessment Methods.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Oct 3:1-11. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

a Gérontopôle , Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Toulouse , Toulouse , France.

Accurate assessment of dietary intake is essential in clinical practice and research. While energy intake (EI) misreporting has been extensively studied in the general population, relatively little is known about misreporting among older people. This cross-sectional study used clinical data routinely collected in 127 participants, aged 70-96 years, from the Toulouse Frailty Clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1505578DOI Listing
October 2018

Could Eggs Help Increase Dietary Protein Intake in Older Adults? - Exploring Reasons for the Consumption and Non-Consumption of Eggs in People over 55 years old.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Sep 14:1-18. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

a Department of Psychology, Research Centre for Behaviour Change, Faculty of Science and Technology , Bournemouth University , Poole , United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Compared to other protein-rich foods, eggs are of soft texture, easy to cook, and low cost, and may be useful in increasing protein intakes in older adults. Focus groups and interviews were used to explore all reasons for consuming and not consuming eggs in older adults. Forty-two individuals (20 males, 22 females, aged 56-96 years) took part in one of eight focus groups or two individual interviews. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21551197.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1505577DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Nutrition Risk Measured Online in Community-Living Older Australians.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Sep 12:1-14. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

c Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond Institute of Health and Sport , Bond University , Robina , QLD , Australia.

Many community-living older adults experience the condition of malnutrition and the causes are complex and multi-factorial. This study examined nutrition risk in a sample of community-living older Australians (n = 77, age ≥65 years) using an online, self-administered survey consisting of two validated questionnaires (SCREEN II and SF-12). We found a significant relationship between health status and nutrition risk; those with higher self-rated health status had lower nutrition risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1490680DOI Listing
September 2018
11 Reads

Anatomy of the Mediterranean Diet and Mortality Among Older Women with Frailty.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Aug 17:1-13. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

f Public Health Sciences , Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center , Seattle , Washington , USA.

We examined individual components of the Mediterranean Diet (Med) and evaluated their relative contribution to mortality rates in older women with frailty. A sample (N = 10,431) included Women's Health Initiative Observational Study participants aged 65-84 y with complete frailty diagnostic criteria and dietary data. Frailty was assessed with modified Fried's criteria, and dietary data were collected through food frequency questionnaire. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21551197.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1496217DOI Listing
August 2018
28 Reads

Comparison of Patient Food Intake, Satisfaction and Meal Quality Between Two Meal Service Styles in a Geriatric Inpatient Unit.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jul 2:1-11. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Butterfield Street , Herston , Australia.

This pilot study evaluated the introduction of a bistro evening meal service in a geriatric inpatient unit by comparing patient intake, satisfaction and meal quality of this new service to the usual central preplated service. Ten meals were observed under each condition (n = 30; mean age 79 years, 47% male). Data were collected on intake of each meal component (none, ¼, ½, ¾, all; converted to energy and protein using known food composition data), patient satisfaction with meals (meal flavor/taste, appearance, quality, staff demeanor; seven-point scale) and meal quality (sensory properties, temperature; five-point scale). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1483281DOI Listing
July 2018
19 Reads

Review of Nutrition Screening and Assessment Practices for Long-Term Care Residents.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jun 28:1-14. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

c Nutrition & Dietetics Practicum Program and Clinical Nutrition Services , Regina Qu'Appelle Health Region , Regina , SK , Canada.

The older adult population in Canada is growing, creating a greater demand for long-term care (LTC) facilities. Seniors living in LTC are more vulnerable to malnutrition, making it important to implement nutrition screening tools on a routine basis. The purpose of this study was to explore the practices of Registered Dietitians (RDs) related to nutritional screening, nutritional assessment, and follow-ups conducted within LTC facilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1482811DOI Listing

Markers of Renal Function in Older Adults Completing a Higher Protein Obesity Intervention and One Year Later: Findings from the MEASUR-UP Trial.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Apr-Jun;37(2):117-129. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

a Center for the Study of Aging , Duke University School of Medicine , Durham , NC , USA.

Increases in rates of obesity in the older population are hastening the development of chronic illnesses, including chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, obesity reduction in older adults is besought with concerns about the long-term benefit/risk, especially regarding loss of muscle mass and its impact on function. Higher protein intakes have been advocated to help offset the tendency for loss of muscle during weight reduction but this raises concerns about possible negative effects on older kidneys. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1478696DOI Listing
June 2018
5 Reads

Development and Evaluation of Let's Do Lunch: A Congregate Meal Program at an Urban Senior Center.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Apr-Jun;37(2):49-58. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

a School of Public Health and Health Systems , University of Waterloo , Waterloo , ON , Canada.

A mixed-methods needs assessment was conducted in an urban senior center serving lower-income seniors in Toronto, Ontario, to determine whether they should offer a congregate meal program. Methods included three focus groups with participants (n = 31), a focus group with staff (n = 8), a center-wide survey (n = 36), and a community scan of programs in the area. Interviews with five coordinators at other seniors' centers who offered meal programs were also used to gauge interest and assist with program development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1478760DOI Listing
June 2018
1 Read

Serious Consequences of Malnutrition and Delirium in Frail Older Patients.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Apr-Jun;37(2):105-116. Epub 2018 May 24.

c Department of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics , University Hospital of Copenhagen , Herlev , Denmark.

Malnutrition is highly prevalent in geriatric patients and is associated with an increased risk of death. In addition, delirium is a common condition of the older hospitalized patients. As brain has a high nutritional requirement, malnutrition may play an important role in cognitive dysfunction including the development of delirium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1470055DOI Listing
May 2018
2 Reads

Intake and Factors Associated with Consumption of Pureed Food in Long Term Care: An Analysis of Making the Most of Mealtimes (M3) Project.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Apr-Jun;37(2):59-81. Epub 2018 May 22.

f Faculty of Nursing , University of Alberta , Edmonton , AB , Canada.

Residents living in long term care (LTC) who consume a pureed diet tend to have inadequate intake; understanding factors associated with poor intake in this group of residents is not well established. This study examined the adequacy of nutrient intake among LTC residents consuming a pureed diet and the factors associated with this intake (n = 67). Data was collected as part of a cross-sectional study conducted in 32 LTC homes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1470056DOI Listing
May 2018
4 Reads

Intention of Older Women to Consume 100% Watermelon Juice for Vascular Health: An Application of Theory of Planned Behavior.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Apr-Jun;37(2):130-143. Epub 2018 May 21.

a Department of Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management , The University of Alabama , Tuscaloosa , AL , USA.

To strengthen randomized controlled trials (RCT) evaluating the efficacy of 100% watermelon juice on vascular function of older women, theory-driven behavioral analysis as well as comparative sensory analysis of the intervention and placebo were conducted. The Theory of Planned Behavior was adopted to assess psychosocial determinants of intention to consume watermelon juice. Sensory attributes were assessed utilizing hedonic scales. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1460650DOI Listing
May 2018
1 Read

Construct Validity of the Mealtime Scan: A Secondary Data Analysis of the Making Most of Mealtimes (M3) Study.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Apr-Jun;37(2):82-104. Epub 2018 May 21.

g University of Moncton , Moncton , Canada.

Long-term care (LTC) physical and psychosocial mealtime environments have been inconsistently assessed due to the lack of a standardized measure. The purpose of this study was to examine the construct validity of a new standardized observational measure, the Mealtime Scan (MTS), using the Making Most of Mealtimes data collected on 639 residents in 82 dining rooms in 32 LTC homes. The MTS includes physical, social, and person-centered care summary scales scored from 1 to 8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1461166DOI Listing
May 2018
3 Reads

Measuring Nutrition-Related Unmet Needs in Recently Hospital-Discharged Homebound Older Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jan-Mar;37(1):30-48. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

a Department of Nutrition and Food Science , University of Maryland, College Park , College Park , Maryland , USA.

Functional limitations in homebound older adults may cause difficulties with obtaining and preparing adequate healthy food. Services exist to help with these difficulties, however, not all individuals who could benefit receive them. This secondary analysis of observational data, obtained via questionnaires from homebound, recently hospital discharged older adults (n = 566), aimed to identify the prevalence and correlates of unmet need for such services, and to examine the disagreement between self-reported need for a service and functional limitation that could be addressed by that service. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1431587DOI Listing
March 2018
8 Reads

Low 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentrations and Risk of Incident Cognitive Impairment in Black and White Older Adults: The Health ABC Study.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jan-Mar;37(1):1-13. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

h MAS for the Health ABC Study, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Sticht Center on Aging , Winston-Salem , North Carolina , USA.

Using data from the Health, Aging, and Body Composition study, we examined whether low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations were associated with prevalent or incident cognitive impairment. Serum 25(OH)D concentrations were measured in 2,786 older adults and categorized as <20 ng/mL, 20 to <30 ng/mL, or ≥30 ng/mL. Cognitive impairment was defined as a score >1. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21551197.2017.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1419899DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5931701PMC
March 2018
16 Reads

Flexible Eating Behavior Predicts Greater Weight Loss Following a Diet and Exercise Intervention in Older Women.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jan-Mar;37(1):14-29. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

a Department of Foods and Nutrition , University of Georgia , Athens , Georgia , USA.

Eating behaviors (cognitive restraint, flexible and rigid restraint, disinhibition, hunger) have been associated with obesity and weight loss success in middle-aged individuals, but little is known about these relationships in older adults. This study examined relationships between eating behaviors and weight loss in overweight/obese older women (n = 61; 69 ± 3.6 years; body mass index = 31. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1435433DOI Listing
March 2018
2 Reads

Whey Protein Supplementation Improves Rehabilitation Outcomes in Hospitalized Geriatric Patients: A Double Blinded, Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Oct-Dec;36(4):149-165

a Medical Sciences Division , Northern Ontario School of Medicine , Thunder Bay , Ontario , Canada.

Whey protein supplementation (WPS) has been shown to improve functional outcomes in populations that are able to participate in high-intensity resistance training. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of WPS on rehabilitation outcomes in a frail, hospitalized elderly population. Men and women (n = 47) were randomly assigned to either a control group or WPS group for the length of their hospital stay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1391732DOI Listing
July 2018
22 Reads

Letter to the Editor: RE: Costa et al. (''Nutritional Risk is Associated with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Community-Dwelling Older Persons: The PAINEL Study'').

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Oct-Dec;36(4):199-203

a Boul. de l'Université , Université de Sherbrooke , Sherbrooke , QC , Canada.

We read Costa and colleagues' report in 2016 in the Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics with great interest. In this article, the authors reported a statistically significant association between chronic musculoskeletal pain and nutritional risk after controlling for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), depression (GDS, geriatric depression scale), and diabetes in a Brazilian community-dwelling older adult's population (the PAINEL study, see Table 2 in Costa et al. . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1401502DOI Listing
July 2018
7 Reads

Nutrition Support Team Intervention Improves Activities of Daily Living in Older Patients Undergoing In-Patient Rehabilitation in Japan: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Oct-Dec;36(4):166-177

e Department of Neurosurgery , Morioka Tsunagi Onsen Hospital , Morioka , Iwate , Japan.

The effect of nutrition support on activities of daily living (ADL) in individuals aged ≥75 years requiring rehabilitation is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effect of nutrition support on ADL improvement in older patients undergoing in-patient rehabilitation in Japan. This retrospective cohort study was performed in 175 patients aged ≥75 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1401971DOI Listing
July 2018
4 Reads

Response by Costa et al. to Letter Regarding Article: "Nutritional Risk is Associated with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Community-dwelling Older Persons: The PAINEL Study".

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Oct-Dec;36(4):204-206

a Faculty of Medicine , Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais , Belo Horizonte , Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1410984DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Perceived Barriers to Increased Whole Grain Consumption by Older Adults in Long-Term Care.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Oct-Dec;36(4):178-188

a School of Food & Agriculture , University of Maine , Orono , Maine , USA.

Many older adults fail to consume adequate amounts of dietary fiber from food sources, including whole grains. Little information is available about consumption of dietary fiber and whole grains by residents of long-term care facilities. Surveys were mailed to 3,000 randomly selected US members of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics who worked in practice groups related to elder care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1385564DOI Listing
July 2018
10 Reads

Whole Grain Nutrition Education Program Improves Whole Grain Knowledge and Behaviors Among Community-Residing Older Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Oct-Dec;36(4):189-198

d Cooperative Extension , University of New Hampshire , Durham , New Hampshire , USA.

U.S. older adults are not meeting the recommendation for whole grain (WG) intake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1384424DOI Listing
July 2018
9 Reads

Nutritional and Functional Status in Newly Hospitalized Older Patients Who are Not Underweight.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Apr-Sep;36(2-3):111-120. Epub 2017 Nov 2.

a Department of Internal Medicine and Gerontology , Jagiellonian University Medical College , Kraków , Poland.

Although malnutrition is commonly associated with being underweight, it occurs whenever nutrient intakes are inadequate, regardless of current body weight. The aim of the study was to determine nutritional status as a predictor of functional status among older patients without underweight according to body mass index (BMI) at hospital admission. This cross-sectional study enrolled 90 patients aged ≥65 years (mean age 78. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1377138DOI Listing
July 2018
7 Reads

Community Priorities for Healthy Eating in Older Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Apr-Sep;36(2-3):75-91. Epub 2017 Oct 19.

d Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition , Iowa State University , Ames , IA , USA.

Community planners such as policymakers and health care and nutrition service providers can create an "age-friendly" environment to support healthy eating in older residents by addressing the highest priorities that enable older adults to improve their dietary intake through different food-related community settings. To identify and prioritize these factors that facilitate behavioral change (enablers) and behavioral settings important for older adult nutrition based on the social ecological model, nutrition and aging professionals (n = 30) from two rural (West Virginia, Iowa) and two urban (Massachusetts, New York) city/county regions (communities) participated in an online or live focus group discussion and completed an analytic hierarchy process survey online. Overall, the most important perceived enablers were accessibility and cost, followed by transportation and social support, but their relative importance varied by community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1365039DOI Listing
July 2018
9 Reads

Dietary and Supplemental Vitamin C and D on Symptom Severity and Physical Function in Knee Osteoarthritis.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Apr-Sep;36(2-3):121-133. Epub 2017 May 30.

a University of Utah Department of Orthopaedics , Salt Lake City , Utah , USA.

Vitamins C and D have been associated with decreasing pain and increasing function but these associations are not definitive. This cross-sectional study explores what relationships supplemental and dietary intake of vitamins C and D have on pain severity and physical function in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Using data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative, we performed regression analyses to examine relationships between vitamins C and D, pain, and function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1317315DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6088727PMC
July 2018
18 Reads

Relative Validity and Reproducibility of an Interviewer Administered 14-Item FFQ to Estimate Flavonoid Intake Among Older Adults with Mild-Moderate Dementia.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Apr-Sep;36(2-3):134-147. Epub 2017 May 23.

b Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health , University of Wollongong , Wollongong , Australia.

There is a large burden on researchers and participants when attempting to accurately measure dietary flavonoid intake using dietary assessment. Minimizing participant and researcher burden when collecting dietary data may improve the validity of the results, especially in older adults with cognitive impairment. A short 14-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to measure flavonoid intake, and flavonoid subclasses (anthocyanins, flavan-3-ols, flavones, flavonols, and flavanones) was developed and assessed for validity and reproducibility against a 24-hour recall. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1321080DOI Listing
July 2018
7 Reads

Use of Dietary Supplements Improved Diet Quality But Not Cardiovascular and Nutritional Biomarkers in Socioeconomically Diverse African American and White Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Apr-Sep;36(2-3):92-110. Epub 2017 Mar 24.

b Laboratory of Epidemiology and Population Sciences , National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health , Baltimore , Maryland , USA.

Knowledge of the contribution of supplements to overall nutritional health is limited. The research objectives were to describe motivations for use of dietary supplements by African Americans and Whites examined in the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span (HANDLS) study and to determine if supplements provided beneficial effects to micronutrient diet quality and nutritional and cardiovascular biomarkers. The majority of the HANDLS study population were smokers, overweight or obese, and self-reported their health as poor to good. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1299659DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5629122PMC
July 2018
20 Reads

Food Label Knowledge, Usage and Attitudes of Older Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Jan-Mar;36(1):31-47. Epub 2017 Feb 7.

a Department of Behavioral Health & Nutrition , University of Delaware , Newark , Delaware , USA.

Few recent studies have investigated food label practices in older adults. This cross-sectional study surveyed adults, 60 years and older in Delaware (n = 100, 82% female, 74% between 60 and 79 years, 49% Caucasian, 45% African Americans) to examine associations between food label knowledge, attitudes, and usage patterns. A 28-item questionnaire assessed knowledge, attitudes, usage, and demographic information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1280868DOI Listing
November 2017
3 Reads

Methods Employed to Assess Weight Loss in Older Adults by Means of Electronic Medical Records: A Systematic Review.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Jan-Mar;36(1):18-30. Epub 2017 Feb 7.

a Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center , Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care Center , Seattle , Washington , USA.

Electronic medical records (EMRs) can be used to identify and categorize weight loss in older adults, but research has not scrutinized methods for doing so. Through a modified PRISMA protocol, we systematically reviewed published methods for quantifying weight change from EMRs. Articles (all available through July 2016) were identified through PubMed and SCOPUS searches, screened, and evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1282390DOI Listing
November 2017
9 Reads

Does Depressive Affect Mediate the Relationship between Self-Care Capacity and Nutritional Status Among Rural Older Adults? : A Structural Equation Modeling Approach.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Jan-Mar;36(1):63-74. Epub 2017 Feb 7.

a Department of Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management , The University of Alabama , Tuscaloosa , Alabama , USA.

This study examined the relationships of self-care capacity and depressive affect on nutritional status and whether depressive affect mediated the relationship of self-care capacity on nutritional status. A convenience sample of 171 rural community-dwelling older adults, 65 years and above, participated. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was conducted to test a mediation model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1281785DOI Listing
November 2017
21 Reads

Social Ecological Perspectives of Tube-Feeding Older Adults with Advanced Dementia: A Systematic Literature Review.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Jan-Mar;36(1):1-17. Epub 2017 Jan 31.

b College of Human Environmental Sciences , The University of Alabama , Tuscaloosa , Alabama , USA.

Dementia is a progressive, debilitating disease that often results in weight loss, malnutrition, and dehydration. Feeding tubes are often prescribed; however, this practice can lead to complications. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the use of feeding tubes in elderly demented patients from a social ecological perspective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2016.1277174DOI Listing
November 2017
10 Reads

Testing a Model of Sodium Reduction in Hypertensive Older Thai Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Jan-Mar;36(1):48-62. Epub 2017 Jan 20.

b College of Nursing , University of Tennessee , Knoxville , Tennessee , USA.

Hypertensive older adults will benefit if there is a clear understanding of the factors related to sodium reduction. That would raise awareness of the causes, consequently reducing many health risks, lowering health care costs, and diminishing economic and social burden from high blood pressure. This study explored predictors of urinary sodium excretion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2016.1274278DOI Listing
November 2017
3 Reads

Physical Activity, Diet Quality, and Mortality among Community-Dwelling Prefrail and Frail Older Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2016 Oct-Dec;35(4):253-266

b Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine , Drexel University College of Medicine , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania , USA.

It is unknown if physical activity and diet quality are associated with the risk of poor outcomes, such as mortality, among prefrail and frail older adults. This was a population-based cohort study among 1487 prefrail and frail older-adults from the Third National Health and Nutrition Survey. Compared to participants who were sedentary (0 bouts of physical activity per week), those who were physically inactive (1-4 bouts of physical activity per week) were 24% less likely to die [HR: 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2016.1247022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5149705PMC
October 2017
13 Reads

Effect of Calcitriol Supplementation on Blood Pressure in Older Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2016 Oct-Dec;35(4):243-252

a Facultad de Medicina , Universidad de Colima , Colima , Mexico.

Recent studies suggest that vitamin D plays an important role in the control of blood pressure. Unfortunately, because older adults are more likely to have low 25-hydroxyvitamin-D [25(OH)D] levels, this study investigated whether calcitriol supplementation reduces blood pressure in older adults with hypertension. The design was a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial with 36 randomly assigned subjects (71. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2016.1206499DOI Listing
October 2017
3 Reads

A Video-Based Intervention on and Evaluation of Nursing Aides' Therapeutic Communication and Residents' Agitation During Mealtime in a Dementia Care Unit.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2016 Oct-Dec;35(4):267-281

c Center for Health Policy , University of California , Los Angeles , California , USA.

The researchers conducted a communication training intervention for certified nursing assistants (CNAs). The intervention aimed at improving CNAs' therapeutic techniques for relating to agitated residents during care. This study focused on an in-depth evaluation of mealtime interactions using videos. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2016.1238430DOI Listing
October 2017
60 Reads

Modulating Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Elders: The MOXIE Study.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2016 Oct-Dec;35(4):219-242

a Human Nutrition, University of Alabama , Tuscaloosa , Alabama , USA.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among women in the United States. Endothelial dysfunction and arterial stiffness increase with advancing age and are early predictors of future CVD outcomes. We designed the Modulating Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Elders (MOXIE) study to examine the effects of 100% watermelon juice as a "food-first" intervention to reduce CVD risk among African American (AA) and European American (EA) women aged 55-69 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2016.1250693DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5184825PMC
October 2017
3 Reads

Effect of Ginger Supplementation on Proinflammatory Cytokines in Older Patients with Osteoarthritis: Outcomes of a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2016 Jul-Sep;35(3):209-18

d Department of Pharmacology and Applied Medicine , Institute of Medical Plants, ACECR , Karaj , Iran.

There is limited evidence that ginger powder consumption can relieve pain and inflammation due to specific anti-inflammatory phytochemical constitutents. This study investigates the effect of ginger supplementation on proinflammatory factors in participants (n = 120) of a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled 3-month clinical trial investigating knee osteoarthritis. Patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups: the ginger group (GG) or the placebo group (PG). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2016.1206762DOI Listing
September 2017
69 Reads

Evaluation of Handgrip Strength and Nutritional Risk of Congregate Nutrition Program Participants in Florida.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2016 Jul-Sep;35(3):193-208

a Food Science and Human Nutrition Department , University of Florida , Gainesville , Florida , USA.

The aim of this study was to determine if handgrip strength (HGS) is a predictor of nutritional risk in community-dwelling older adults. A cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the relationship between HGS and nutritional risk using SCREEN 1. The setting was Congregate Nutrition program meal sites (n = 10) in North Central Florida and included community-dwelling older adults participating in the Congregate Nutrition program. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21551197.2016.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2016.1209146DOI Listing
September 2017
7 Reads

Food Insecurity and Health Care Utilization Among Older Adults in the United States.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2016 Jul-Sep;35(3):177-92

b Department of Foods and Nutrition , University of Georgia , Athens , Georgia , USA.

This study examined the relationships between food insecurity and utilization of four health services among older Americans: office visits, inpatient hospital nights, emergency department visits, and home health care. Nationally representative data from the 2011 and 2012 National Health Interview Survey were used (N = 13,589). Nearly 83. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2016.1200334DOI Listing
September 2017
3 Reads

Metabolic Health Status and the Obesity Paradox in Older Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2016 Jul-Sep;35(3):161-76

a Department of Nutritional Sciences , Pennsylvania State University , University Park , Pennsylvania , USA.

The explanation for reduced mortality among older persons with overweight or class I obesity compared to those of desirable weight remains unclear. Our objective was to investigate the joint effects of body mass index (BMI) and metabolic health status on all-cause mortality in a cohort of advanced age. Adults aged 74 ± 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2016.1199004DOI Listing
September 2017
5 Reads

Package Information Used by Older Adults to Identify Whole Grain Foods.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2016 Apr-Jun;35(2):146-60

e Department of Nutrition , University of Massachusetts , Amherst , Massachusetts , USA.

A structured interview protocol was used to investigate the ability of older adults (n = 89, age ≥ 65 years) to accurately determine whether three common food items were whole grain, and to assess the package information used in their decision process. Cereal and crackers, which were both whole grain products, were correctly identified by 63% and 66% of participants, respectively. Bread (a refined product), was correctly identified by only 19% of participants, while 46% of participants misidentified the bread as being whole grain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2016.1168759DOI Listing
October 2017
6 Reads

Pork and Chicken Meals Similarly Impact on Cognitive Function and Strength in Community-Living Older Adults: A Pilot Study.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2016 Apr-Jun;35(2):124-45

a School of Medicine , University of Wollongong , Wollongong , New South Wales , Australia.

A pilot quasi-experimental study investigated whether provision of pork, a rich source of thiamin, as the main protein source in meals four times/week for 12 weeks resulted in improved muscle mass, body strength, and cognitive function in community-living older adults compared to similar meals containing chicken. Retirement villages were randomized to receive pre-prepared frozen meals containing either pork or chicken. Dietary intake was assessed by three-day food records and cognitive domains assessed using validated tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2016.1162259DOI Listing
October 2017
27 Reads

Promoting the Congregate Meal Program to the Next Generation of Rural-Residing Older Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2016 Apr-Jun;35(2):113-23

e Department. of Kinesiology, The Exercise Clinic , Iowa State University , Ames , Iowa , USA.

Despite a growing older adult population, Iowa Congregate Meal Program (CMP) participation has declined. Motivators and barriers to congregate mealsite participation and wellness programming preferences of baby boomers and older adults were examined to provide insight to how to revise and better promote the CMP for the next generation of older adults. Four focus group sessions were conducted with 27 primarily White, rural-residing adults, ages 48-88 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2016.1163313DOI Listing
October 2017
17 Reads

Environmental Strategies to Promote Food Intake in Older Adults: A Narrative Review.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2016 Apr-Jun;35(2):95-112

b Department of Psychology , Sam Houston University , Huntsville , Texas , USA.

Aging is often accompanied by lower intakes of food energy and consequent negative effects on health. To some extent this is due to declines in physiological ability, including the sensory responsiveness to regulate food intake. Fortunately, environmental factors may still influence food intake in older adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2016.1173614DOI Listing
October 2017
5 Reads