183 results match your criteria Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics [Journal]


Technology for Behavioral Change in Rural Older Adults with Obesity.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Apr 11:1-19. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

b Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth , Hanover , NH , USA.

Background: Mobile health (mHealth) technologies comprise a multidisciplinary treatment strategy providing potential solutions for overcoming challenges of successfully delivering health promotion interventions in rural areas. We evaluated the potential of using technology in a high-risk population.

Methods: We conducted a convergent, parallel mixed-methods study using semi-structured interviews, focus groups, and self-reported questionnaires, using purposive sampling of 29 older adults, 4 community leaders and 7 clinicians in a rural setting. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2019.1600097DOI Listing

Relationship Between B-Vitamin Biomarkers and Dietary Intake with Apolipoprotein E є4 in Alzheimer's Disease.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Mar 29:1-23. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

a Faculty Health , University of Canberra , Canberra, ACT , Australia.

The potential for B-vitamins to reduce plasma homocysteine (Hcy) and reduce the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been described previously. However, the role of Apolipoprotein E є4 (APOE4) in this relationship has not been adequately addressed. This case-control study explored APOE4 genotype in an Australian sample of 63 healthy individuals (female = 38; age = 76. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2019.1590287DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Long-Term Effects of Randomization to a Weight Loss Intervention in Older Adults: A Pilot Study.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Jan-Mar;38(1):83-99. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

a Sticht Center on Aging, Wake Forest School of Medicine , Winston-Salem , NC , USA.

Randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) show intentional weight loss improves body composition and physical function in older adults; however, the long-term benefits (and risks) are unknown. We conducted a pilot study to assess the feasibility of recalling prior RCT participants to examine the long-term effects of intentional weight loss on body composition and physical function. A weighted, random sample of 60 older adults who were randomized to caloric restriction plus exercise (CR + EX) or exercise (EX) only in 5 prior RCTs (mean age at randomization, 67. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2019.1572570DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447460PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Obesity, Dietary inflammation, and Frailty among Older Adults: Evidence from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Jan-Mar;38(1):18-32. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

a Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health , University of South Carolina , Columbia , SC , USA.

Knowledge related to the relationship between obesity and frailty is limited. This study aimed to investigate associations between obesity, dietary inflammation, and frailty among older adults. Study data came from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2014) examinations of adults age ≥60 years (n = 7182). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1552226DOI Listing

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Association Between Adverse Childhood Experience, Perceived Discrimination and Body Mass Index in a National Sample of U.S. Older Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Jan-Mar;38(1):6-17. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

a School of Public Health , University at Albany, State University of New York , New York , NY , USA.

The current study evaluated whether there were racial/ethnic differences in the association between childhood adverse experience (ACEs), perceived racial discrimination (PRD), and body mass index (BMI) in a sample of middle age and older adults. We used data from the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (N = 11,404; ≥55 years) that included ACE and past year experiences with PRD. Generalized linear models were stratified by race/ethnicity (non-Hispanic White (NHW; n = 7337), non-Hispanic Black (NHB; n = 1960), and Hispanic (n = 1249)). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2019.1572569DOI Listing
February 2019

Influence of Weight Reduction and Enhanced Protein Intake on Biomarkers of Inflammation in Older Adults with Obesity.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Jan-Mar;38(1):33-49. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

a Center for the Study of Aging , Duke University Medical Center , Durham , NC , USA.

Both aging and obesity are associated with increased levels of pro-inflammatory metabolites, while weight reduction is associated with improvements in inflammatory status. However, few studies have explored the response of key inflammatory markers to the combined settings of weight reduction in an aging population. There are also few studies that have investigated the potential impact of diet composition on inflammatory marker responses. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1564200DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447442PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Optimal Protein Intake during Weight Loss Interventions in Older Adults with Obesity.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Jan-Mar;38(1):50-68. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

a The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth , Hanover , NH , USA.

Obesity rates in people 60 years and older are increasing. While obesity is linked with detrimental health risks, weight loss in this population has previously been considered controversial due to potential worsening of age-related sarcopenia. Protein intake during energy restriction has been linked to lean body mass preservation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1544533DOI Listing
February 2019

Obesity in the Older Adult: Special Issue.

Authors:
John A Batsis

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Jan-Mar;38(1):1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

a Geisel School of Medicine and The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice , Lebanon , NH , USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1564197DOI Listing
February 2019

Weight Loss-Induced Reduction of Bone Mineral Density in Older Adults with Obesity.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Jan-Mar;38(1):100-114. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Center for Translational Research in Inflammatory Diseases (CTRID) , Michael E DeBakey VA Medical Center , Houston , TX , USA.

Obesity in older adults is a growing public health problem, yet the appropriate treatment remains controversial partly due to evidence that weight loss reduces bone mass and may increase fracture risk. The purpose of this review is to summarize the research to date on the effects of diet-induced weight loss on bone health in obese (body mass index 30 kg/m and above) older (aged 65 years or older) adults. Observational studies have shown that weight loss in this population decreases total hip bone mineral density and increases the risk of frailty fractures (composite of proximal femur, pelvis, and proximal humerus fractures). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1564721DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Mental Illness, Not Obesity Status, is Associated with Food Insecurity Among the Elderly in the Health and Retirement Study.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Feb 22:1-24. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

g Providence VA Medical Center , Center of Innovation in Long-Term Services and Supports , Providence , RI , USA.

Objectives: Food insecurity, limited or uncertain access to adequate nutrition, is an increasingly recognized determinant of health outcomes and is often associated with having obesity. It is unclear, however, if this association persists in elderly populations.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 2868 participants' aged 65+ years from the Health and Retirement Study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2019.1565901DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Neuropsychological Functioning in Older Adults with Obesity: Implications for Bariatric Surgery.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Jan-Mar;38(1):69-82. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

b Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center , Lebanon , NH , USA.

Bariatric surgery is the most effective approach to treating morbid obesity, resulting in decreased morbidity, mortality, and improved quality of life. Research on outcomes has generally been restricted to young and middle-aged adults, despite a growing epidemic of obesity in older adults. The use of bariatric surgery has been limited in older individuals, in part due to concerns that preexisting cognitive dysfunction increases the risk of poor post-surgical outcomes, including cognitive decline. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1564722DOI Listing
February 2019

The Attitudes Toward Tube-Feeding in Advanced Dementia (ATT-FAD) Questionnaire: A Valid and Reliable Tool.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jul-Dec;37(3-4):183-203. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

a Department of Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management , The University of Alabama , Tuscaloosa , AL , USA.

Registered Dietitians (RDs) should participate in interdisciplinary feeding discussions for patients with advanced dementia, but research on how RDs make such feeding recommendations is scarce. This study developed and validated a theory-based questionnaire to assess the knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes of RDs regarding feeding tube use among older adults with advanced dementia. The instrument was drafted based on the Social Ecological Model, and face and content validity were established through an expert panel review. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1518797DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Potential Dietary Supplement and Medication Interactions in a Subset of the Older Adult Population Attending Congregate Sites.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jul-Dec;37(3-4):218-230. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

a Department of Kinesiology, Health, and Nutrition , University of Texas at San Antonio , San Antonio , TX , USA.

This study assessed possible dietary supplement-medication interactions of 62 older adults recruited from 8 senior congregate sites in Bexar County, Texas. Dietary supplement and medication use were collected by paper questionnaire and potential supplement-medication interactions were assessed using online databases. The majority of participants reported dietary supplements (77%), non-prescription medication (50%), and prescription medication (73%) use. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21551197.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1519481DOI Listing
November 2018
17 Reads

Factors Influencing Dietary Intake Frequencies and Nutritional Risk among Community-Residing Older Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jul-Dec;37(3-4):255-268. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

f Department of Kinesiology , University of Rhode Island , Kingston , RI , USA.

Older adult (OA) dietary practices may be placing them at nutritional risk. This cross-sectional study examined the dietary intake frequencies (DIF) and nutritional risk (NR) using the Dietary Screening Tool (DST) of OA attending community-based nutrition education and physical activity programs. Most were white females aged 60-80 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21551197.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1524809DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

Nutritional Status and Osteoporotic Fracture Rehabilitation Outcomes in Older Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jul-Dec;37(3-4):231-240. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

a Dorot Medical Rehabilitation Geriatric Center , Netanya , Israel.

To determine the impact of nutritional status and risk factors for undernutrition based on the changes in functional outcomes and rehabilitation success, defined as the ability of older adults to return as close as possible to their original functional state. Retrospective cohort study among 107 rehabilitation patients, aged ≥65 y. Data included demographics, Functional Independence Measure (FIM), Short Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire (SNAQ), reported weight, Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), and Cumulative Illness Rating-Scale for Geriatrics (CIRS-G). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21551197.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1496513DOI Listing
October 2018
18 Reads

Food and Nutrition Care in Long-Term Care Facilities: Examining the Perspectives of Frontline Workers.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jul-Dec;37(3-4):145-157. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

a Department of Nutrition and Food Studies , Montclair State University , Montclair , New Jersey , USA.

Malnutrition in older adults residing in long-term care facilities continues to be a problem in the United States. Existing research has identified a list of possible contributing factors, including staffing problems. Few studies on food and nutrition care have attempted to gain the perspectives of nursing or dietary aides (henceforth, aides), the frontline staff who work most closely with the residents of long-term care facilities. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21551197.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1516593DOI Listing
October 2018
13 Reads

Cross-Sectional Inverse Association of Regular Soy Intake with Insulin Resistance in Japanese Elderly.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jul-Dec;37(3-4):282-291. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

c Department of Health Management, School of Health Studies, Tokai University , Kanagawa , Japan.

Levels of isoflavones, biomarkers of soy intake, in 24-hour urine (24U) were inversely related to coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality in the World Health Organization's Cardiovascular Disease and Alimentary Comparison Study. Considering 24 U isoflavone levels were highest and CHD mortality was lowest in the Japanese, who maintained the world's longest life expectancy, the association of regular soy intake with cardiometabolic risk was investigated in Japanese adults (20-49 years old) and elderly (50-79 years old). In multivariate analysis adjusted for age, sex, and drug treatments, mean 24 U isoflavone excretion was significantly inversely associated with insulin resistance in the elderly and significantly associated with blood folate and potassium in the elderly, but also positively associated with 24 U salt in the elderly. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21551197.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1496512DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

Nutritional Risk among Congregate Meal Site Participants: Benefits of a SNAP-Ed Program.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jul-Dec;37(3-4):204-217. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

e State Human Sciences Extension and Outreach Specialist, Nutrition and Wellness, Department of FSHN , Iowa State University , Ames , IA , USA.

This study examined the impact of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed) program Fresh Conversations (FC) on the nutritional risk (NR) of older adults (OAs). A convenience sample of OAs (207 Treatment, 148 Control) completed questionnaires comprised of validated measures to assess NR, barriers to healthy eating self-efficacy (SE), food safety behaviors (FSB), and food security (FS) at three-time points over 9 months. Participants were mostly white (92. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21551197.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1516592DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Misreporting of Energy Intake in Older People: Comparison of Two Dietary Assessment Methods.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jul-Dec;37(3-4):310-320. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

a Gérontopôle , Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Toulouse , Toulouse , France.

Accurate assessment of dietary intake is essential in clinical practice and research. While energy intake (EI) misreporting has been extensively studied in the general population, relatively little is known about misreporting among older people. This cross-sectional study used clinical data routinely collected in 127 participants, aged 70-96 years, from the Toulouse Frailty Clinic. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1505578DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Could Eggs Help Increase Dietary Protein Intake in Older Adults? - Exploring Reasons for the Consumption and Non-Consumption of Eggs in People over 55 years old.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jul-Dec;37(3-4):292-309. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

a Department of Psychology, Research Centre for Behaviour Change, Faculty of Science and Technology , Bournemouth University , Poole , United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Compared to other protein-rich foods, eggs are of soft texture, easy to cook, and low cost, and may be useful in increasing protein intakes in older adults. Focus groups and interviews were used to explore all reasons for consuming and not consuming eggs in older adults. Forty-two individuals (20 males, 22 females, aged 56-96 years) took part in one of eight focus groups or two individual interviews. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21551197.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1505577DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Nutrition Risk Measured Online in Community-Living Older Australians.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jul-Dec;37(3-4):241-254. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

c Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond Institute of Health and Sport , Bond University , Robina , QLD , Australia.

Many community-living older adults experience the condition of malnutrition and the causes are complex and multi-factorial. This study examined nutrition risk in a sample of community-living older Australians (n = 77, age ≥65 years) using an online, self-administered survey consisting of two validated questionnaires (SCREEN II and SF-12). We found a significant relationship between health status and nutrition risk; those with higher self-rated health status had lower nutrition risk. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1490680DOI Listing
September 2018
13 Reads

Anatomy of the Mediterranean Diet and Mortality Among Older Women with Frailty.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jul-Dec;37(3-4):269-281. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

f Public Health Sciences , Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center , Seattle , Washington , USA.

We examined individual components of the Mediterranean Diet (Med) and evaluated their relative contribution to mortality rates in older women with frailty. A sample (N = 10,431) included Women's Health Initiative Observational Study participants aged 65-84 y with complete frailty diagnostic criteria and dietary data. Frailty was assessed with modified Fried's criteria, and dietary data were collected through food frequency questionnaire. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21551197.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1496217DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6378120PMC
August 2018
36 Reads

Comparison of Patient Food Intake, Satisfaction and Meal Quality Between Two Meal Service Styles in a Geriatric Inpatient Unit.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jul-Dec;37(3-4):158-168. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Butterfield Street , Herston , Australia.

This pilot study evaluated the introduction of a bistro evening meal service in a geriatric inpatient unit by comparing patient intake, satisfaction and meal quality of this new service to the usual central preplated service. Ten meals were observed under each condition (n = 30; mean age 79 years, 47% male). Data were collected on intake of each meal component (none, ¼, ½, ¾, all; converted to energy and protein using known food composition data), patient satisfaction with meals (meal flavor/taste, appearance, quality, staff demeanor; seven-point scale) and meal quality (sensory properties, temperature; five-point scale). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1483281DOI Listing
July 2018
26 Reads

Review of Nutrition Screening and Assessment Practices for Long-Term Care Residents.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jul-Dec;37(3-4):169-182. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

c Nutrition & Dietetics Practicum Program and Clinical Nutrition Services , Regina Qu'Appelle Health Region , Regina , SK , Canada.

The older adult population in Canada is growing, creating a greater demand for long-term care (LTC) facilities. Seniors living in LTC are more vulnerable to malnutrition, making it important to implement nutrition screening tools on a routine basis. The purpose of this study was to explore the practices of Registered Dietitians (RDs) related to nutritional screening, nutritional assessment, and follow-ups conducted within LTC facilities. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1482811DOI Listing
June 2018
1 Read

Markers of Renal Function in Older Adults Completing a Higher Protein Obesity Intervention and One Year Later: Findings from the MEASUR-UP Trial.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Apr-Jun;37(2):117-129. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

a Center for the Study of Aging , Duke University School of Medicine , Durham , NC , USA.

Increases in rates of obesity in the older population are hastening the development of chronic illnesses, including chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, obesity reduction in older adults is besought with concerns about the long-term benefit/risk, especially regarding loss of muscle mass and its impact on function. Higher protein intakes have been advocated to help offset the tendency for loss of muscle during weight reduction but this raises concerns about possible negative effects on older kidneys. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1478696DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444359PMC
June 2018
6 Reads

Development and Evaluation of Let's Do Lunch: A Congregate Meal Program at an Urban Senior Center.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Apr-Jun;37(2):49-58. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

a School of Public Health and Health Systems , University of Waterloo , Waterloo , ON , Canada.

A mixed-methods needs assessment was conducted in an urban senior center serving lower-income seniors in Toronto, Ontario, to determine whether they should offer a congregate meal program. Methods included three focus groups with participants (n = 31), a focus group with staff (n = 8), a center-wide survey (n = 36), and a community scan of programs in the area. Interviews with five coordinators at other seniors' centers who offered meal programs were also used to gauge interest and assist with program development. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1478760DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

Serious Consequences of Malnutrition and Delirium in Frail Older Patients.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Apr-Jun;37(2):105-116. Epub 2018 May 24.

c Department of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics , University Hospital of Copenhagen , Herlev , Denmark.

Malnutrition is highly prevalent in geriatric patients and is associated with an increased risk of death. In addition, delirium is a common condition of the older hospitalized patients. As brain has a high nutritional requirement, malnutrition may play an important role in cognitive dysfunction including the development of delirium. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1470055DOI Listing
May 2018
4 Reads

Intake and Factors Associated with Consumption of Pureed Food in Long Term Care: An Analysis of Making the Most of Mealtimes (M3) Project.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Apr-Jun;37(2):59-81. Epub 2018 May 22.

f Faculty of Nursing , University of Alberta , Edmonton , AB , Canada.

Residents living in long term care (LTC) who consume a pureed diet tend to have inadequate intake; understanding factors associated with poor intake in this group of residents is not well established. This study examined the adequacy of nutrient intake among LTC residents consuming a pureed diet and the factors associated with this intake (n = 67). Data was collected as part of a cross-sectional study conducted in 32 LTC homes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1470056DOI Listing
May 2018
6 Reads

Intention of Older Women to Consume 100% Watermelon Juice for Vascular Health: An Application of Theory of Planned Behavior.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Apr-Jun;37(2):130-143. Epub 2018 May 21.

a Department of Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management , The University of Alabama , Tuscaloosa , AL , USA.

To strengthen randomized controlled trials (RCT) evaluating the efficacy of 100% watermelon juice on vascular function of older women, theory-driven behavioral analysis as well as comparative sensory analysis of the intervention and placebo were conducted. The Theory of Planned Behavior was adopted to assess psychosocial determinants of intention to consume watermelon juice. Sensory attributes were assessed utilizing hedonic scales. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1460650DOI Listing
May 2018
4 Reads

Construct Validity of the Mealtime Scan: A Secondary Data Analysis of the Making Most of Mealtimes (M3) Study.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Apr-Jun;37(2):82-104. Epub 2018 May 21.

g University of Moncton , Moncton , Canada.

Long-term care (LTC) physical and psychosocial mealtime environments have been inconsistently assessed due to the lack of a standardized measure. The purpose of this study was to examine the construct validity of a new standardized observational measure, the Mealtime Scan (MTS), using the Making Most of Mealtimes data collected on 639 residents in 82 dining rooms in 32 LTC homes. The MTS includes physical, social, and person-centered care summary scales scored from 1 to 8. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1461166DOI Listing
May 2018
5 Reads

Measuring Nutrition-Related Unmet Needs in Recently Hospital-Discharged Homebound Older Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jan-Mar;37(1):30-48. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

a Department of Nutrition and Food Science , University of Maryland, College Park , College Park , Maryland , USA.

Functional limitations in homebound older adults may cause difficulties with obtaining and preparing adequate healthy food. Services exist to help with these difficulties, however, not all individuals who could benefit receive them. This secondary analysis of observational data, obtained via questionnaires from homebound, recently hospital discharged older adults (n = 566), aimed to identify the prevalence and correlates of unmet need for such services, and to examine the disagreement between self-reported need for a service and functional limitation that could be addressed by that service. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1431587DOI Listing
March 2018
14 Reads

Low 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentrations and Risk of Incident Cognitive Impairment in Black and White Older Adults: The Health ABC Study.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jan-Mar;37(1):1-13. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

h MAS for the Health ABC Study, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Sticht Center on Aging , Winston-Salem , North Carolina , USA.

Using data from the Health, Aging, and Body Composition study, we examined whether low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations were associated with prevalent or incident cognitive impairment. Serum 25(OH)D concentrations were measured in 2,786 older adults and categorized as <20 ng/mL, 20 to <30 ng/mL, or ≥30 ng/mL. Cognitive impairment was defined as a score >1. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21551197.2017.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1419899DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5931701PMC
March 2018
27 Reads

Flexible Eating Behavior Predicts Greater Weight Loss Following a Diet and Exercise Intervention in Older Women.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Jan-Mar;37(1):14-29. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

a Department of Foods and Nutrition , University of Georgia , Athens , Georgia , USA.

Eating behaviors (cognitive restraint, flexible and rigid restraint, disinhibition, hunger) have been associated with obesity and weight loss success in middle-aged individuals, but little is known about these relationships in older adults. This study examined relationships between eating behaviors and weight loss in overweight/obese older women (n = 61; 69 ± 3.6 years; body mass index = 31. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2018.1435433DOI Listing
March 2018
3 Reads

Whey Protein Supplementation Improves Rehabilitation Outcomes in Hospitalized Geriatric Patients: A Double Blinded, Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Oct-Dec;36(4):149-165

a Medical Sciences Division , Northern Ontario School of Medicine , Thunder Bay , Ontario , Canada.

Whey protein supplementation (WPS) has been shown to improve functional outcomes in populations that are able to participate in high-intensity resistance training. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of WPS on rehabilitation outcomes in a frail, hospitalized elderly population. Men and women (n = 47) were randomly assigned to either a control group or WPS group for the length of their hospital stay. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1391732DOI Listing
July 2018
26 Reads

Letter to the Editor: RE: Costa et al. (''Nutritional Risk is Associated with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Community-Dwelling Older Persons: The PAINEL Study'').

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Oct-Dec;36(4):199-203

a Boul. de l'Université , Université de Sherbrooke , Sherbrooke , QC , Canada.

We read Costa and colleagues' report in 2016 in the Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics with great interest. In this article, the authors reported a statistically significant association between chronic musculoskeletal pain and nutritional risk after controlling for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), depression (GDS, geriatric depression scale), and diabetes in a Brazilian community-dwelling older adult's population (the PAINEL study, see Table 2 in Costa et al. . Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1401502DOI Listing
July 2018
9 Reads

Nutrition Support Team Intervention Improves Activities of Daily Living in Older Patients Undergoing In-Patient Rehabilitation in Japan: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Oct-Dec;36(4):166-177

e Department of Neurosurgery , Morioka Tsunagi Onsen Hospital , Morioka , Iwate , Japan.

The effect of nutrition support on activities of daily living (ADL) in individuals aged ≥75 years requiring rehabilitation is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effect of nutrition support on ADL improvement in older patients undergoing in-patient rehabilitation in Japan. This retrospective cohort study was performed in 175 patients aged ≥75 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1401971DOI Listing
July 2018
5 Reads

Response by Costa et al. to Letter Regarding Article: "Nutritional Risk is Associated with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Community-dwelling Older Persons: The PAINEL Study".

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Oct-Dec;36(4):204-206

a Faculty of Medicine , Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais , Belo Horizonte , Brazil.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1410984DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Perceived Barriers to Increased Whole Grain Consumption by Older Adults in Long-Term Care.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Oct-Dec;36(4):178-188

a School of Food & Agriculture , University of Maine , Orono , Maine , USA.

Many older adults fail to consume adequate amounts of dietary fiber from food sources, including whole grains. Little information is available about consumption of dietary fiber and whole grains by residents of long-term care facilities. Surveys were mailed to 3,000 randomly selected US members of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics who worked in practice groups related to elder care. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1385564DOI Listing
July 2018
11 Reads

Whole Grain Nutrition Education Program Improves Whole Grain Knowledge and Behaviors Among Community-Residing Older Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Oct-Dec;36(4):189-198

d Cooperative Extension , University of New Hampshire , Durham , New Hampshire , USA.

U.S. older adults are not meeting the recommendation for whole grain (WG) intake. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1384424DOI Listing
July 2018
14 Reads

Nutritional and Functional Status in Newly Hospitalized Older Patients Who are Not Underweight.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Apr-Sep;36(2-3):111-120. Epub 2017 Nov 2.

a Department of Internal Medicine and Gerontology , Jagiellonian University Medical College , Kraków , Poland.

Although malnutrition is commonly associated with being underweight, it occurs whenever nutrient intakes are inadequate, regardless of current body weight. The aim of the study was to determine nutritional status as a predictor of functional status among older patients without underweight according to body mass index (BMI) at hospital admission. This cross-sectional study enrolled 90 patients aged ≥65 years (mean age 78. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1377138DOI Listing
July 2018
8 Reads

Community Priorities for Healthy Eating in Older Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Apr-Sep;36(2-3):75-91. Epub 2017 Oct 19.

d Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition , Iowa State University , Ames , IA , USA.

Community planners such as policymakers and health care and nutrition service providers can create an "age-friendly" environment to support healthy eating in older residents by addressing the highest priorities that enable older adults to improve their dietary intake through different food-related community settings. To identify and prioritize these factors that facilitate behavioral change (enablers) and behavioral settings important for older adult nutrition based on the social ecological model, nutrition and aging professionals (n = 30) from two rural (West Virginia, Iowa) and two urban (Massachusetts, New York) city/county regions (communities) participated in an online or live focus group discussion and completed an analytic hierarchy process survey online. Overall, the most important perceived enablers were accessibility and cost, followed by transportation and social support, but their relative importance varied by community. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1365039DOI Listing
July 2018
12 Reads

Dietary and Supplemental Vitamin C and D on Symptom Severity and Physical Function in Knee Osteoarthritis.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Apr-Sep;36(2-3):121-133. Epub 2017 May 30.

a University of Utah Department of Orthopaedics , Salt Lake City , Utah , USA.

Vitamins C and D have been associated with decreasing pain and increasing function but these associations are not definitive. This cross-sectional study explores what relationships supplemental and dietary intake of vitamins C and D have on pain severity and physical function in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Using data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative, we performed regression analyses to examine relationships between vitamins C and D, pain, and function. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1317315DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6088727PMC
July 2018
19 Reads

Relative Validity and Reproducibility of an Interviewer Administered 14-Item FFQ to Estimate Flavonoid Intake Among Older Adults with Mild-Moderate Dementia.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Apr-Sep;36(2-3):134-147. Epub 2017 May 23.

b Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health , University of Wollongong , Wollongong , Australia.

There is a large burden on researchers and participants when attempting to accurately measure dietary flavonoid intake using dietary assessment. Minimizing participant and researcher burden when collecting dietary data may improve the validity of the results, especially in older adults with cognitive impairment. A short 14-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to measure flavonoid intake, and flavonoid subclasses (anthocyanins, flavan-3-ols, flavones, flavonols, and flavanones) was developed and assessed for validity and reproducibility against a 24-hour recall. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1321080DOI Listing
July 2018
8 Reads

Use of Dietary Supplements Improved Diet Quality But Not Cardiovascular and Nutritional Biomarkers in Socioeconomically Diverse African American and White Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Apr-Sep;36(2-3):92-110. Epub 2017 Mar 24.

b Laboratory of Epidemiology and Population Sciences , National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health , Baltimore , Maryland , USA.

Knowledge of the contribution of supplements to overall nutritional health is limited. The research objectives were to describe motivations for use of dietary supplements by African Americans and Whites examined in the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span (HANDLS) study and to determine if supplements provided beneficial effects to micronutrient diet quality and nutritional and cardiovascular biomarkers. The majority of the HANDLS study population were smokers, overweight or obese, and self-reported their health as poor to good. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1299659DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5629122PMC
July 2018
23 Reads

Food Label Knowledge, Usage and Attitudes of Older Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Jan-Mar;36(1):31-47. Epub 2017 Feb 7.

a Department of Behavioral Health & Nutrition , University of Delaware , Newark , Delaware , USA.

Few recent studies have investigated food label practices in older adults. This cross-sectional study surveyed adults, 60 years and older in Delaware (n = 100, 82% female, 74% between 60 and 79 years, 49% Caucasian, 45% African Americans) to examine associations between food label knowledge, attitudes, and usage patterns. A 28-item questionnaire assessed knowledge, attitudes, usage, and demographic information. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1280868DOI Listing
November 2017
4 Reads

Methods Employed to Assess Weight Loss in Older Adults by Means of Electronic Medical Records: A Systematic Review.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Jan-Mar;36(1):18-30. Epub 2017 Feb 7.

a Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center , Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care Center , Seattle , Washington , USA.

Electronic medical records (EMRs) can be used to identify and categorize weight loss in older adults, but research has not scrutinized methods for doing so. Through a modified PRISMA protocol, we systematically reviewed published methods for quantifying weight change from EMRs. Articles (all available through July 2016) were identified through PubMed and SCOPUS searches, screened, and evaluated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1282390DOI Listing
November 2017
10 Reads

Does Depressive Affect Mediate the Relationship between Self-Care Capacity and Nutritional Status Among Rural Older Adults? : A Structural Equation Modeling Approach.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Jan-Mar;36(1):63-74. Epub 2017 Feb 7.

a Department of Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management , The University of Alabama , Tuscaloosa , Alabama , USA.

This study examined the relationships of self-care capacity and depressive affect on nutritional status and whether depressive affect mediated the relationship of self-care capacity on nutritional status. A convenience sample of 171 rural community-dwelling older adults, 65 years and above, participated. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was conducted to test a mediation model. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2017.1281785DOI Listing
November 2017
28 Reads

Social Ecological Perspectives of Tube-Feeding Older Adults with Advanced Dementia: A Systematic Literature Review.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Jan-Mar;36(1):1-17. Epub 2017 Jan 31.

b College of Human Environmental Sciences , The University of Alabama , Tuscaloosa , Alabama , USA.

Dementia is a progressive, debilitating disease that often results in weight loss, malnutrition, and dehydration. Feeding tubes are often prescribed; however, this practice can lead to complications. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the use of feeding tubes in elderly demented patients from a social ecological perspective. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2016.1277174DOI Listing
November 2017
11 Reads

Testing a Model of Sodium Reduction in Hypertensive Older Thai Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Jan-Mar;36(1):48-62. Epub 2017 Jan 20.

b College of Nursing , University of Tennessee , Knoxville , Tennessee , USA.

Hypertensive older adults will benefit if there is a clear understanding of the factors related to sodium reduction. That would raise awareness of the causes, consequently reducing many health risks, lowering health care costs, and diminishing economic and social burden from high blood pressure. This study explored predictors of urinary sodium excretion. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2016.1274278DOI Listing
November 2017
4 Reads

Physical Activity, Diet Quality, and Mortality among Community-Dwelling Prefrail and Frail Older Adults.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2016 Oct-Dec;35(4):253-266

b Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine , Drexel University College of Medicine , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania , USA.

It is unknown if physical activity and diet quality are associated with the risk of poor outcomes, such as mortality, among prefrail and frail older adults. This was a population-based cohort study among 1487 prefrail and frail older-adults from the Third National Health and Nutrition Survey. Compared to participants who were sedentary (0 bouts of physical activity per week), those who were physically inactive (1-4 bouts of physical activity per week) were 24% less likely to die [HR: 0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2016.1247022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5149705PMC
October 2017
14 Reads