293 results match your criteria Journal of Neuropsychology [Journal]


Does synaesthesia protect against age-related memory loss?

J Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

School of Psychology, Sackler Centre for Consciousness Science, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.

Synaesthesia is known to be linked to enhanced episodic memory abilities, across a variety of stimuli and tests, but the evidence has tended to come from younger adults. This enhanced cognitive ability in early adult life, together with the known brain-related differences linked to synaesthesia (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12182DOI Listing

Motion-induced position mis-localization predicts the severity of Alzheimer's disease.

J Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Neurology, Liaocheng People's Hospital, China.

Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) often exhibit motion processing deficits. It is unclear whether the localization of moving objects - a perceptual process tightly linked to motion - is impaired or intact in AD. In this study, we used the phenomenon of illusory shift of position induced by motion as a behavioural paradigm to probe how the spatial representation differs between AD patients and healthy elderly controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12181DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Factors contributing to parent-child interaction quality following mild traumatic brain injury in early childhood.

J Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Ste-Justine Research Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

There is emerging evidence that parent-child interactions are affected by early childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI). These findings are of functional importance when considering the high prevalence of TBI in early childhood alongside evidence that young children exposed to positive relationships with their parents early in life exhibit better social functioning concurrently and longitudinally. Given that the overall quality of parent-child interactions is the result of both parent and child emotional and behavioural dispositions, it remains unclear which parental or child-related factors contribute to the quality of interactions post-TBI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12179DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Plasticity versus chronicity: Stable performance on category fluency 40 years post-onset.

J Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Psychology, Durham University, UK.

What is the long-term trajectory of semantic memory deficits in patients who have suffered structural brain damage? Memory is, per definition, a changing faculty. The traditional view is that after an initial recovery period, the mature human brain has little capacity to repair or reorganize. More recently, it has been suggested that the central nervous system may be more plastic with the ability to change in neural structure, connectivity, and function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12180DOI Listing
February 2019

Fear-specific enhancement of tactile perception is disrupted after amygdala lesion.

J Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Center for Studies and Research in Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Bologna, Italy.

Tactile perception on one's own face is enhanced when viewing a fearful face being touched - as opposed to just approached - by fingers, compared to viewing other expressions, a phenomenon known as the emotional modulation of Visual Remapping of Touch (eVRT). This effect seems to be related to a preferential activation of the somatosensory system in response to threat. To test the contribution of the amygdala to this mechanism, a group of patients with unilateral lesions to the amygdala, a control group of patients with lesions in the extra-temporal regions, and a group of healthy participants completed an eVRT paradigm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12178DOI Listing
February 2019

Quantifying egocentric spatial neglect with cancellation tasks: A theoretical validation.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Brain and Cognition, KU Leuven, Belgium.

Spatial neglect is characterized by a spatial bias in response to stimuli. The disorder is often assessed with a cancellation task, where several measures can be used to quantify the spatial bias of cancellation responses (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12177DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

We see the orange not the lemon: typicality effects in ultra-rapid categorization in adults with and without autism spectrum disorder.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

NOVA Medical School, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal.

Semantic meaning can be extracted from pictures presented very briefly, in the order of tens of milliseconds. This ultra-rapid categorization processing appears to respect a coarse-to-fine path where lower level representations of concepts, or more detailed information, need additional time. We question whether variations in the levels of typicality of the target-item would implicate additional processing for correct classification, both in neurotypical (NT) individuals and with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12176DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

The role of hippocampus in the retrieval of autobiographical memories in patients with amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment due to Alzheimer's disease.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Clinical and Behavioural Neurology, Santa Lucia Foundation, IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

The role of the hippocampus and neocortical areas in the retrieval of past memories in pre-dementia Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients was investigated. The aim was to assess whether the hippocampus has a temporary role in memory trace formation, according to the Cortical Reallocation Theory (CRT), or whether it continuously updates and enriches memories, according to the Multiple Trace Theory. According to the former theory, hippocampal damage should affect more recent memories, whereas the association cortex is expected to affect memories of the entire lifespan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12174DOI Listing
November 2018
20 Reads

Simulated driving: The added value of dynamic testing in the assessment of visuo-spatial neglect after stroke.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Oct 16. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Center of Excellence for Rehabilitation Medicine, Brain Center Rudolf Magnus, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht University and De Hoogstraat Rehabilitation, The Netherlands.

Background: Visuo-spatial neglect (VSN) is generally assessed with neuropsychological paper-and-pencil tasks, which are often not sensitive enough to detect mild and/or well-compensated VSN. It is of utmost importance to develop dynamic tasks, resembling the dynamics of daily living.

Objective: A simulated driving task was used to assess (1) differences in performance (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12172DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Assessment of cognitive-driven activity of daily living impairment in non-demented Parkinson's patients.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Oct 15. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Neurodegenerative Diseases, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tübingen, Germany.

The core criterion for Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD) is the impairment in activities of daily living (ADL) function primarily caused by cognitive, not motor symptoms. There is evidence to assume that mild ADL impairments in mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI) characterize those patients at high risk for dementia. Data of 216 Parkinson's disease (PD) patients assessed with comprehensive motor and neuropsychological assessments were analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12173DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Retrospective time estimation following damage to the prefrontal cortex.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Sep 7. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Department of Psychology, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan.

Time estimation in patients with prefrontal cortex (PFC) damage is often inaccurate. The relationship between PFC and estimation of short time intervals has been examined. However, it remains unclear whether PFC damage affects estimation of longer time intervals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12171DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Left inferior frontal cortex can compensate the inhibitory functions of right inferior frontal cortex and pre-supplementary motor area.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Aug 29. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Neuroimaging Unit, "A. Meyer" Children's Hospital, Florence, Italy.

Right-IFG and pre-SMA are associated with inhibitory responses. We used functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging to explore whether the contralateral homotopic regions can functionally replace them. An adolescent, with an extensive traumatic lesion of the right cerebral hemisphere having occurred 5 years earlier, performed a motor response inhibition task (Go/Nogo), which was properly accomplished and associated to activations in the left-IFC, precuneus and occipital cortex. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jnp.12170
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12170DOI Listing
August 2018
17 Reads

Executive function but not episodic memory decline associated with visual hallucinations in Parkinson's disease.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Jul 23. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

University of Exeter Medical School, UK.

Introduction: Visual hallucinations (VH) have a significant impact on quality of life for people with Parkinson's disease (PD). A major reason for this is the well-established link with cognitive impairment, but there is still a need for more longitudinal studies examining the specific cognitive domains which may be affected. The aim of this study was to profile decline in cognition associated with VH in a cohort of 69 individuals with PD over 1 year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12169DOI Listing
July 2018
15 Reads

Implicit sequence learning in young people with Tourette syndrome with and without co-occurring attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Jul 4. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Division of Psychiatry and Applied Psychology, Institute of Mental Health, University of Nottingham, UK.

Impaired habit-learning has been proposed to underlie the tic symptoms of Tourette syndrome (TS). However, accounts differ in terms of how habit-learning is altered in TS, with some authors proposing habit formation is impaired due to a deficient 'chunking' mechanism, and others proposing habit-learning is overactive and tics reflect hyperlearned behaviours. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) frequently co-occurs with TS and is known to affect cognitive function in young people with co-occurring TS and ADHD (TS + ADHD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12167DOI Listing
July 2018
7 Reads

The attribute priming effect in patients with Alzheimer's disease.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Jul 4. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Laboratory of Clinical and Behavioural Neurology, IRCCS Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome, Italy.

Experiments with semantic priming (SP) paradigms have documented early hypopriming in patients with AD when concepts are used as primes and attribute concept features as targets, suggesting that concept attributes are vulnerable to damage very early in the disease course. The aims of this study were to confirm early priming reduction in the attribute condition in patients with AD and to determine which of several semantic indexes (such as the level of distinctiveness, correlation or feature dominance of concept features) best predicts the priming effect size in AD. We administered an SP attribute condition paradigm to 20 mildly demented patients with AD and to 10 NCs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12168DOI Listing
July 2018
3 Reads

Impaired sequential and partially compensated probabilistic skill learning in Parkinson's disease.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Jun 8. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Department of Cognitive Science, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Hungary.

The striatal dopaminergic dysfunction in Parkinson's disease (PD) has been associated with deficits in skill learning in numerous studies, but some of the findings remain controversial. Our aim was to explore the generality of the learning deficit using two widely reported skill learning tasks in the same group of Parkinson's patients. Thirty-four patients with PD (mean age: 62. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12163DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

Damasio's error - Prosopagnosia with intact within-category object recognition.

Authors:
Bruno Rossion

J Neuropsychol 2018 Sep 29;12(3):357-388. Epub 2018 May 29.

CNRS, CRAN, Université de Lorraine, Nancy, France.

The sudden inability to recognize individual faces following brain damage was first reported in a scientific journal 150 years ago and termed 'prosopagnosia' 70 years ago. While the term originally identified a face-selective neurological condition, it is now obscured by a sequence of imprecisions. First, prosopagnosia is routinely used to define symptoms of individual face recognition (IFR) difficulties in the context of visual object agnosia or other neurological conditions, or even in the normal population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12162DOI Listing
September 2018
13 Reads

External details revisited - A new taxonomy for coding 'non-episodic' content during autobiographical memory retrieval.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Apr 24. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Brain and Mind Centre, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia.

Autobiographical memory (ABM) is typically held to comprise episodic and semantic elements, with the vast majority of studies to date focusing on profiles of episodic details in health and disease. In this context, 'non-episodic' elements are often considered to reflect semantic processing or are discounted from analyses entirely. Mounting evidence suggests that rather than reflecting one unitary entity, semantic autobiographical information may contain discrete subcomponents, which vary in their relative degree of semantic or episodic content. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12160DOI Listing
April 2018
11 Reads

Intellectual and cognitive profiles in patients affected by schizophrenia.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Apr 23. Epub 2018 Apr 23.

Department of Clinical Neurosciences, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy.

Intellectual abilities display high heterogeneity in patients with schizophrenia that might depend on the interaction among neurodevelopmental processes, environmental factors and neurocognitive decline. This study aimed to disentangle the interplay between intellectual level, cognitive status and each cognitive domain, with a focus on speed-related abilities, also including pre-morbid factors. In details, by means of cluster analysis, we identified both in global sample of 452 patients affected by schizophrenia and in a subsample with high pre-morbid functioning, different profiles based on current intellectual level and global cognitive status, analysing the distribution of deficits in each cognitive domains between groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12161DOI Listing
April 2018
8 Reads

Impairment in judgement of the moral emotion guilt following orbitofrontal cortex damage.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Apr 19. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

Center for Clinical Research, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Although neuroimaging studies have provided evidence for an association between moral emotions and the orbitofrontal cortex, studies on patients with focal lesions using experimental probes of moral emotions are scarce. Here, we addressed this topic by presenting a moral emotion judgement task to patients with focal brain damage. Four judgement tasks in a simple pairwise choice paradigm were given to 72 patients with cerebrovascular disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12158DOI Listing
April 2018
5 Reads
3.820 Impact Factor

Short-term memory impairment in vestibular patients can arise independently of psychiatric impairment, fatigue, and sleeplessness.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Apr 19. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

Balance Centre, Medway NHS Foundation Trust, UK.

Vestibular dysfunction is associated with visual short-term memory impairment; however, it remains unclear if this impairment arises as a direct result of the vestibular dysfunction or is a consequence of comorbid changes in mood, affect, fatigue, and/or sleep. To this end, we assessed the concurrence and interdependence of these comorbidities in 101 individuals recruited from a tertiary balance clinic with a neuro-otological diagnosis. Over fifty per cent of the sample showed reduced visuospatial short-term memory, 60% and 37% exceeded cut-off on the Beck Anxiety and Depression Inventories, respectively, 70% exceeded cut-off on the Fatigue Severity Scale, 44% reported daytime sleepiness on the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and 78% scored above cut-off on the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12157DOI Listing
April 2018
8 Reads

Divergent effects of healthy ageing on semantic knowledge and control: Evidence from novel comparisons with semantically impaired patients.

Authors:
Paul Hoffman

J Neuropsychol 2018 Apr 17. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology (CCACE), Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, UK.

Effective use of semantic knowledge requires a set of conceptual representations and control processes which ensure that currently relevant aspects of this knowledge are retrieved and selected. It is well-established that levels of semantic knowledge increase across the lifespan. However, the effects of ageing on semantic control processes have not been assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12159DOI Listing
April 2018
4 Reads

Relationships between executive function, working memory, and decision-making on the Iowa Gambling Task: Evidence from ventromedial patients, dorsolateral patients, and normal subjects.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Apr 17. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

Laboratory of Psychology of Pays de la Loire (EA 4638), University of Angers, France.

The results of previous studies are inconsistent in regard to the relationship between the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), working-memory (WM), and executive tasks, and whether these cognitive processes could be considered as mechanisms underlying a decision-making deficit. Moreover, the relationship between the IGT and executive measures is examined based on a limited number of executive tasks, within different populations showing diffuse damage. In addition, there are fewer studies carried out within control participants, with those studies also being inconclusive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12156DOI Listing
April 2018
8 Reads
3.820 Impact Factor

Immoral behaviour following brain damage: A review.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Apr 16. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Despite the apparent sociability of human kind, immoral behaviour is ever present in society. The term 'immoral behaviour' represents a complex array of conduct, ranging from insensitivity to topics of conversation through to violent assault and murder. To better understand the neuroscience of immoral behaviour, this review investigates two clinical populations that commonly present with changes in moral behaviour - behavioural-variant frontotemporal dementia and acquired brain injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12155DOI Listing
April 2018
4 Reads

Deficits in prospective memory following damage to the medial subdivision of the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Mar 31. Epub 2018 Mar 31.

Department of General Psychology, University of Padova, Italy.

Identifying the neurocognitive mechanisms that lead individuals remembering to execute an intention at the right moment (prospective memory, PM) and how such mechanisms are influenced by the features of that intention is a fundamental theoretical challenge. In particular, the functional contribution of subcortical regions to PM is still unknown. This study was aimed at investigating the role of the medial subdivision of the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus (mMDT) in PM, with particular focus on the processes that are mediated by the projections from/to this structure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12154DOI Listing
March 2018
6 Reads

The man who lost his body: Suboptimal multisensory integration yields body awareness problems after a right temporoparietal brain tumour.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Mar 12. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Department of Experimental Psychology, Helmholtz Institute, Utrecht University, The Netherlands.

Reports on patients who lack ownership over their entire body are extremely rare. Here, we present patient SA who suffered from complete body disownership after a tumour resection in the right temporoparietal cortex. Neuropsychological assessment disclosed selective bilateral ownership problems, despite intact primary visual and somatosensory senses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12153DOI Listing
March 2018
9 Reads

Affordances after spinal cord injury.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Feb 16. Epub 2018 Feb 16.

Cognitive Neuropsychology Centre, ASST Grande Ospedale Metropolitano Niguarda, Milan, Italy.

Spinal cord injury can cause cognitive impairments even when no cerebral lesion is appreciable. As patients are forced to explore the environment in a non-canonical position (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12151DOI Listing
February 2018
5 Reads

Strategic value-directed learning and memory in Alzheimer's disease and behavioural-variant frontotemporal dementia.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Feb 12. Epub 2018 Feb 12.

ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and Its Disorders, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

In healthy adults, the ability to prioritize learning of highly valued information is supported by executive functions and enhances subsequent memory retrieval for this information. In Alzheimer's disease (AD) and behavioural-variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), marked deficits are evident in learning and memory, presenting in the context of executive dysfunction. It is unclear whether these patients show a typical memory bias for higher valued stimuli. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12152DOI Listing
February 2018
4 Reads

Neuropsychological differentiation of progressive aphasic disorders.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Feb 8. Epub 2018 Feb 8.

Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre, Cerebral Function Unit, Greater Manchester Neuroscience Centre, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, UK.

The differentiation of subtypes of primary progressive aphasia (PPA) remains challenging. We aimed to identify optimum neuropsychological measures for characterizing PPA, to examine the relationship between behavioural change and subtypes of PPA and to determine whether characteristic profiles of language, working memory, and behavioural changes occur in PPA. Forty-seven patients with PPA and multi-domain Alzheimer's disease (AD) together with 19 age-matched controls underwent a large battery of working memory and language tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12149DOI Listing
February 2018
7 Reads

Preserved re-experience of discrete emotions: Amnesia and executive function.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Feb 7. Epub 2018 Feb 7.

School of Psychology, Bangor, Gwynedd, UK.

Amnesic patients can re-experience emotions elicited by forgotten events, suggesting that brain systems for episodic and emotional memory are independent. However, the range of such emotional memories remains under-investigated (most studies employing just positive-negative emotion dyads), and executive function may also play a role in the re-experience of emotions. This is the first investigation of the intensity of the emotional re-experience of a range of discrete emotions (anger, fear, sadness, and happiness) for a group of amnesic patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12147DOI Listing
February 2018
11 Reads

Words fail: Lesion-symptom mapping of errors of omission in post-stroke aphasia.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Feb 6. Epub 2018 Feb 6.

Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, USA.

Impaired object naming is a core deficit in post-stroke aphasia, which can manifest as errors of commission - producing an incorrect word or a non-word - or as errors of omission - failing to attempt to name the object. Detailed behavioural, computational, and neurological investigations of errors of commission have played a key role in the development of neurocognitive models of word production. In contrast, the neurocognitive basis of omission errors is radically underspecified despite being a prevalent phenomenon in aphasia and other populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12148DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367056PMC
February 2018
6 Reads
3.820 Impact Factor

The cognitive profile of Sotos syndrome.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Jan 15. Epub 2018 Jan 15.

Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, UK.

Sotos syndrome is a congenital overgrowth disorder, associated with intellectual disability. Previous research suggests that Sotos syndrome may be associated with relative strength in verbal ability and relative weakness in non-verbal reasoning ability but this has not been explicitly assessed. To date, the cognitive profile of Sotos syndrome is unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12146DOI Listing
January 2018
6 Reads

Hemispatial neglect and serial order in verbal working memory.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Jan 9. Epub 2018 Jan 9.

Center for Research in Cognition and Neurosciences, ULB Neuroscience Institute, Free University of Brussels, Belgium.

Working memory refers to our ability to actively maintain and process a limited amount of information during a brief period of time. Often, not only the information itself but also its serial order is crucial for good task performance. It was recently proposed that serial order is grounded in spatial cognition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12145DOI Listing
January 2018
11 Reads

The contribution of executive control to semantic cognition: Convergent evidence from semantic aphasia and executive dysfunction.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Jun 3;12(2):312-340. Epub 2018 Jan 3.

Department of Psychology and York Neuroimaging Centre, University of York, UK.

Semantic cognition, as described by the controlled semantic cognition (CSC) framework (Rogers et al., , Neuropsychologia, 76, 220), involves two key components: activation of coherent, generalizable concepts within a heteromodal 'hub' in combination with modality-specific features (spokes), and a constraining mechanism that manipulates and gates this knowledge to generate time- and task-appropriate behaviour. Executive-semantic goal representations, largely supported by executive regions such as frontal and parietal cortex, are thought to allow the generation of non-dominant aspects of knowledge when these are appropriate for the task or context. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12142DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6001665PMC
June 2018
13 Reads

Autonomic and subjective responsivity to emotional images in people with dissociative seizures.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Jun 28;12(2):341-355. Epub 2017 Dec 28.

Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology, & Neuroscience, King's College London, UK.

People with dissociative seizures (DS) report a range of difficulties in emotional functioning and exhibit altered responding to emotional facial expressions in experimental tasks. We extended this research by investigating subjective and autonomic reactivity (ratings of emotional valence, arousal and skin conductance responses [SCRs]) to general emotional images in 39 people with DS relative to 42 healthy control participants, whilst controlling for anxiety, depression, cognitive functioning and, where relevant, medication use. It was predicted that greater subjective negativity and arousal and increased SCRs in response to the affective pictures would be observed in the DS group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12144DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6001553PMC
June 2018
8 Reads

Mechanical knowledge does matter to tool use even when assessed with a non-production task: Evidence from left brain-damaged patients.

J Neuropsychol 2017 Dec 20. Epub 2017 Dec 20.

Institut Universitaire de France, Paris, France.

In the literature on apraxia of tool use, it is now accepted that using familiar tools requires semantic and mechanical knowledge. However, mechanical knowledge is nearly always assessed with production tasks, so one may assume that mechanical knowledge and familiar tool use are associated only because of their common motor mechanisms. This notion may be challenged by demonstrating that familiar tool use depends on an alternative tool selection task assessing mechanical knowledge, where alternative uses of tools are assumed according to their physical properties but where actual use of tools is not needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12140DOI Listing
December 2017
9 Reads

Selective, age-related autobiographical memory deficits in children with severe traumatic brain injury.

J Neuropsychol 2017 Dec 18. Epub 2017 Dec 18.

School of Psychology, The University of Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Objectives: Autobiographical memory (AM) is a complex function that involves re-experiencing of past personal events (episodic memory) scaffolded by personal facts (semantic memory). While AM is supported by a brain network and cognitive skills that are vulnerable to disruption by child traumatic brain injury (TBI), AM has not been examined in this patient population.

Design: Cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12141DOI Listing
December 2017
15 Reads

Removal of epileptically compromised tissue in the frontal cortex restores oculomotor selection in the antisaccade task.

J Neuropsychol 2017 Dec 14. Epub 2017 Dec 14.

Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Brain Center Rudolf Magnus, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands.

The frontal cortex is heavily involved in oculomotor selection. Here, we investigated the neural correlates of eye movement selection during an antisaccade task in a young epileptic patient in whom the seizure focus included the frontal cortex and affected its function. Before resection surgery, the patient had difficulty in performing correct antisaccades towards the visual field contralateral to the seizure focus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12143DOI Listing
December 2017
7 Reads

Procedural learning across the lifespan: A systematic review with implications for atypical development.

J Neuropsychol 2017 Oct 8. Epub 2017 Oct 8.

Donders Institute for Brain Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

This systematic review aimed to investigate procedural learning across the lifespan in typical and atypical development. Procedural learning is essential for the development of everyday skills, including language and communication skills. Although procedural learning efficiency has been extensively studied, there is no consensus yet on potential procedural learning changes during development and ageing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12139DOI Listing
October 2017
13 Reads

Everyday task knowledge and everyday function in dementia.

J Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 26;13(1):96-120. Epub 2017 Sep 26.

Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University/University of California, California, USA.

Tests of everyday action semantics were developed and piloted in a group of healthy adults (n = 53) and then administered to individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD; n = 17) or Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD; n = 20). Relations between everyday action knowledge and everyday function were explored. Three action semantic tests were developed: Probe Test - 45 forced-choice questions regarding task sequences, objects, and steps; Picture Sequencing Test - sequential ordering of 4-5 cards depicting task steps; Script Test - open-ended verbal description of the steps required to complete everyday tasks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12135DOI Listing
March 2019
27 Reads
3.818 Impact Factor

Action observation produces motor resonance in Parkinson's disease.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Jun 11;12(2):298-311. Epub 2017 Sep 11.

Division of Neuroscience and Experimental Psychology, School of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, UK.

Observation of movement activates the observer's own motor system, influencing the performance of actions and facilitating social interaction. This motor resonance is demonstrated behaviourally through visuomotor priming, whereby response latencies are influenced by the compatibility between an intended action and an observed (task-irrelevant) action. The impact of movement disorders such as Parkinson's disease (PD) on motor resonance is unclear, as previous studies of visuomotor priming have not separated imitative compatibility (specific to human movement) from general stimulus-response compatibility effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12133DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6001452PMC
June 2018
17 Reads

Altered bodily self-consciousness in multiple sclerosis.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Sep 10;12(3):463-470. Epub 2017 Sep 10.

Department of Psychology & NeuroMi-Milan Center for Neuroscience, University of Milan-Bicocca, Italy.

In this study, we assessed the impact of multiple sclerosis (MS) on bodily self-consciousness (BSC) using the Rubber Hand Illusion. Patients with MS showed a dissociation between body ownership and self-location: they did report an explicit ownership of the rubber hand, but they did not point towards it, showing a defective ability of localizing body parts in space. This evidence indicates that MS may affect selective components of BSC, whose impairment may contribute to, and even worsen, the functional disability of MS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12134DOI Listing
September 2018
31 Reads
3.820 Impact Factor

Imitation inhibition in children with Tourette syndrome.

J Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 12;13(1):82-95. Epub 2017 Aug 12.

Department of Paediatric and Adult Movement Disorders and Neuropsychiatry, Institute of Neurogenetics, University of Lübeck, Germany.

Objective: Echopraxia, that is, the open and automatic imitation of other peoples' actions, is common in patients with Gilles de la Tourette syndrome, autism spectrum disorder, and also those with frontal lobe lesions. While systematic reaction time tasks have confirmed increased automatic imitation in the latter two groups, adult patients with Tourette syndrome appear to compensate for automatic imitation tendencies by an overall slowing in response times. However, whether children with Tourette syndrome are already able to inhibit automatic imitation tendencies has not been investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12132DOI Listing
March 2019
23 Reads

The effect of dopaminergic medication on conflict adaptation in Parkinson's disease.

J Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 16;13(1):121-135. Epub 2017 Jul 16.

Department of Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurological disorder associated primarily with motor symptoms such as tremor, slowness of movement, and difficulties with gait and balance. Most patients take dopaminergic medication to improve their motor functions. Previous studies reported indications that such medication can impair higher cognitive functions (cf. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12131DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

Consequences of brain tumour resection on emotion recognition.

J Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 12;13(1):1-21. Epub 2017 Jul 12.

Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.

Emotion processing impairments are common in patients undergoing brain surgery for fronto-temporal tumour resection, with potential consequences on social interactions. However, evidence is controversial concerning side and site of lesions causing such deficits. This study investigates visual and auditory emotion recognition in brain tumour patients with the aim of clarifying which lesion sites are related to impairments in emotion processing from different modalities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12130DOI Listing
March 2019
13 Reads

Assessing inhibitory control in early-stage Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease using the Hayling Sentence Completion Test.

J Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 20;13(1):67-81. Epub 2017 Jun 20.

School of Psychology, University of Exeter, UK.

The ability to inhibit irrelevant information is essential for coping with the demands of everyday life. Inhibitory deficits are present in all stages of dementia and commonly observed in people with Parkinson's disease (PwPD). Inhibition is frequently tested with the Stroop test, but this may lack ecological validity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12129DOI Listing
March 2019
15 Reads

Hemispheric language organization after congenital left brain lesions: A comparison between functional transcranial Doppler and functional MRI.

J Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 31;13(1):46-66. Epub 2017 May 31.

Department of Developmental Neuroscience, IRCCS Stella Maris Foundation, Pisa, Italy.

This study investigated whether functional transcranial Doppler ultrasound (fTCD) is a suitable tool for studying hemispheric lateralization of language in patients with pre-perinatal left hemisphere (LH) lesions and right hemiparesis. Eighteen left-hemisphere-damaged children and young adults and 18 healthy controls were assessed by fTCD and fMRI to evaluate hemispheric activation during two language tasks: a fTCD animation description task and a fMRI covert rhyme generation task. Lateralization indices (LIs), measured by the two methods, differed significantly between the two groups, for a clear LH dominance in healthy participants and a prevalent activation of right hemisphere in more than 80% of brain-damaged patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12128DOI Listing
March 2019
36 Reads

Effects of cognitive impairment on prosodic parameters of speech production planning in multiple sclerosis.

J Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 24;13(1):22-45. Epub 2017 May 24.

Laboratoire Parole et Langage, UMR 7309, Aix-Marseille University, Aix-en-Provence, France.

Cognitive impairment (CI) affects 40-65% of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). CI can have a negative impact on a patient's everyday activities, such as engaging in conversations. Speech production planning ability is crucial for successful verbal interactions and thus for preserving social and occupational skills. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12127DOI Listing
March 2019
48 Reads

Response inhibition and interference control: Effects of schizophrenia, genetic risk, and schizotypy.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Sep 8;12(3):484-510. Epub 2017 May 8.

Research and Development, Sovereign Health Group, San Clemente, California, USA.

The ability to inhibit inappropriate responses and suppress irrelevant information is a core feature of executive control. In this study, we provide a detailed analysis of prepotent response inhibition and interference in patients with schizophrenia. To further test the role of genetic factors and subclinical schizophrenia-like traits, we additionally studied clinically unaffected, first-degree relatives of schizophrenia patients and assessed dimensions of schizotypy in both relatives and healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12126DOI Listing
September 2018
25 Reads

Normalization of timed neuropsychological tests with the PATA rate and nine-hole pegboard tests.

J Neuropsychol 2018 Sep 6;12(3):471-483. Epub 2017 May 6.

Department of Neurosciences, Odontostomatological and Reproductive Sciences, University Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Introduction: Despite neurological patients show frequent physical impairment, timed neuropsychological tests do not take this into account during scoring procedures.

Objective: We propose a normalization method based on the PATA Rate Task (PRT) and on the nine-hole pegboard test (9HPT) as a measure of dysarthria and upper limb dysfunction.

Methods: We tested 65 healthy controls on timed neuropsychological tests (Attentional Matrices [AM], Trail Making Test, Symbol Digit Modalities Test, Verbal Fluencies) to determine the time spent on phonation or on hand movement during test execution. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jnp.12125
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12125DOI Listing
September 2018
36 Reads