27,342,194 results match your criteria Journal of Microbiological Methods [Journal]

  • Page 1 of 546844

Comparison of level of cognitive process between case-based items and non-case-based items of the interuniversity progress test of medicine in the Netherlands.

J Educ Eval Health Prof 2018 12;15:28. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Cardiology, Catharina Hospital, and Department of Educational Development and Research, and Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, The Netherlands.

Purpose: It is assumed that case-based questions require higher order cognitive processing, whereas questions that are not case-based require lower order cognitive processing. In this study, we investigated to what extent case-based questions and questions that are not case-based, relate to Bloom's taxonomy.

Methods: In this article, 4800 questions of the Progress Test were classified whether it was a case-based question and the level of Bloom's taxonomy. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Characterization of distinct mechanism of agonist-induced canine platelet activation.

J Vet Sci 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea.

Platelet activation plays a major role in hemostasis and thrombosis. Various agonists including ADP and thrombin interact with GPCRs which transduce signals from the cell surface to intracellular effectors through various G proteins. Recent studies have elucidated the role of these receptors and their corresponding G proteins in the regulation of events involved in platelet activation. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Genotyping of strains detected in cattle from a nationwide survey in Korea.

Authors:
Yo-Han Kim Doo Kim

J Vet Sci 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Laboratory of Veterinary Internal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 200-701, Korea.

A total of 123 strains detected in cattle from a nationwide survey in Korea were classified into the genomic groups I (0.8%), II (13.8%), III (11. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Evaluation of in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of strains isolated during anthrax outbreaks in Italy from 1984 to 2017.

J Vet Sci 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Puglia e della Basilicata, Anthrax Reference Institute of Italy, Foggia 71121, Italy.

Anthrax, caused by , is a non-contagious infectious disease that affects a wide range of animal species (primarily ruminants), as well as humans. Due to the often fatal outcome in human cases, the quick administration of definitely effective antimicrobials is crucial either as prophylaxis or for the therapy of clinical cases. In this study, a total of 110 strains, temporally, geographically and genetically different, isolated during anthrax outbreaks in Italy from 1984 to 2017, were screened for their susceptibility towards 16 clinically relevant antimicrobial agents using the broth microdilution method. Read More

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December 2018

Genome-wide association study of degenerative mitral valve disease in Maltese dogs.

J Vet Sci 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul, 05030, Korea.

Genome-wide association study (GWAS) is a powerful tool for identifying the genetic causes of various diseases. This study conducted to identify genomic variation in Maltese dog genomes associated with degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD) development and evaluate the association of each biological condition with DMVD in Maltese dogs. DNA was extracted from blood samples obtained from 48 Maltese dogs (32 with DMVD and 16 controls). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Effects of irradiation and leukoreduction on down regulation of CXCL-8 and storage lesion in stored canine whole blood.

J Vet Sci 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Institute of Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 52828, Korea.

White blood cells (WBCs) and storage period are the main factors of transfusion reactions. In the present study, cytokine/chemokine concentrations after leukoreduction (LR) and irradiation (IR) in stored canine whole blood were measured. Red blood cell (RBC) storage lesion caused by IR and LR were also compared. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Pregnancy of Unknown Location: The Value of Frozen Section Analysis and Its Relation to Beta-hCG Levels and Endometrial Thickness.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Galilee Medical Center, Nahariya, Israel.

Objective:  Frozen section examination is a rapid method for identifying products of conception in endometrial curetting, yet its accuracy is inconclusive. The purposes of this study is to determine the accuracy of frozen section analysis of endometrial curetting in pregnancies of unknown location, and to verify the relation of β-human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) level and endometrial thickness to the assessed accuracy.

Methods:  We reviewed data from January 2009 to December 2014 of diagnostic curettages from women with suspected ectopic pregnancies sent for frozen section examination at a medical center. Read More

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December 2018

Association between Dietary Glycemic Index and Excess Weight in Pregnant Women in the First Trimester of Pregnancy.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Group of Research in Nutrition and Chronic Diseases, Universidade Estadual do Ceará, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.

Objective:  To assess the association between dietary glycemic index (GI) and excess weight in pregnant women in the first trimester of pregnancy.

Methods:  A cross-sectional study in a sample of 217 pregnant women was conducted at the maternal-fetal outpatient clinic of the Hospital Geral de Fortaleza, Fortaleza, state of Ceará, Brazil, for routine ultrasound examinations in the period between 11 and 13 weeks + 6 days of gestation. Weight and height were measured and the gestational body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads

Apgar Scoring System in Brazil's Live Births Records: Differences between Home and Hospital Births.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Radiology and Oncology, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective:  To promote informed choice for women and to compare home and hospital births in relation to the Apgar score.

Methods:  Mother's profile and Apgar score of naturally born infants (without forceps assistance) in Brazil between 2011 and 2015, in both settings-hospital or home-were collected from live birth records provided by the Informatics Department of the Unified Health System (DATASUS, in the Portuguese acronym). For the analysis, were included only data from low-risk deliveries, including gestational time between 37 and 41 weeks, singleton pregnancy, at least four visits of prenatal care, infants weighing between 2,500 g, and 4,000 g, mother age between 20-40 years old, and absence of congenital anomalies. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Ruptured Renal Artery Aneurysm in a Pregnant Woman: Case Report and Literature Review.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Universidade Positivo, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

Renal artery aneurysms (RAAs) are rare and usually asymptomatic; ∼ 90% of them are unilateral. Once diagnosed during pregnancy, they may rupture, presenting a high maternal-fetal risk. The present study reports the case of a 32-year-old pregnant woman with a 30-week gestational age and a ruptured unilateral RAA. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Lithopedion in a Geriatric Patient.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Medical School, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogota, Colombia.

Lithopedion ( = rock and  = child) is a rare condition that only occurs in 1.5 to 1.8% of extrauterine pregnancies and in 0. Read More

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December 2018

Imaging Description of Extragenital Müllerian Adenosarcoma: A Case Report.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Section of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Morphology, Surgery and Experimental Medicine, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.

Müllerian adenosarcoma is a very rare gynecological disease, comprising 5% of uterine sarcomas. Extragenital localizations are even rarer. We report a very interesting case of a 27-year-old woman complaining of pelvic pain, with a subsequent diagnosis of extragenital Müllerian adenosarcoma. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Mitteilungen der DVG.

Authors:

Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2018 Oct 12;46(5):351-352. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

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October 2018

[Update of multimodal therapy in canine osteoarthritis].

Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2018 Oct 12;46(5):337-345. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Canine osteoarthritis is a very common disease and the main cause for chronic pain in dogs. Progressive degeneration of joint cartilage, periarticular soft tissues and subchondral bone consecutively lead to osteophytes, inflammation and pain. It is an irreversible process. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Intervertebral disc herniation in two coatis (Nasua nasua) and postoperative laminectomy membrane formation.

Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2018 Oct 12;46(5):330-336. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Magnetic resonance imaging revealed spinal cord compression due to intervertebral disc herniation of Hansen type I and II in the thoracolumbar vertebral column in two middle-aged coatis () with chronic progressive paraparesis. Surgical treatment included hemilaminectomy and partial corpectomy in one and dorsal laminectomy in the other coati. Both coatis recovered well after surgery. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Lipomeningocele associated with diplomyelia in a dog.

Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2018 Oct 12;46(5):323-329. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

A 2-year-old male neutered mixed breed dog with a body weight of 30 kg was presented for evaluation of a soft subcutaneous mass on the dorsal midline at the level of the caudal thoracic spine. A further clinical sign was intermittent pain on palpation of the area of the subcutaneous mass. The owner also described a prolonged phase of urination with repeated interruption and re-initiation of voiding. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Update on therapy and prevention of canine leishmaniasis.

Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2018 Oct 12;46(5):315-322. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Canine leishmaniasis is an emerging infection with increasing importance because the main vector also exists in Germany and autochthonous infections have been described. In this article we present the latest information available regarding therapy and prevention of this disease. Allopurinol-resistant strains were isolated from dogs which experienced recurrent disease while being treated with allopurinol, highlighting the need for alternative treatment options. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

[Cobalamin deficiency in dogs and cats].

Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2018 Oct 12;46(5):309-314. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Cobalamin is a member of the B-group of vitamins and a cofactor for metabolic processes like nucleic acid synthesis, amino acid synthesis, and the citric acid cycle. Mammals are unable to synthesize cobalamin and therefore rely on adequate food intake. Cobalamin absorption is a complex process in the stomach, duodenum, and ileum, requiring a functional exocrine pancreas. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Investigations on the prevalence of tortoise picorna-virus in captive tortoises in Germany.

Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2018 Oct 12;46(5):304-308. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Objective: Tortoise picornavirus (ToPV) has been speculated to play an important role in the frequently seen disease pattern of juvenile shell softening. This study aimed to determine ToPV prevalence among German tortoise collections.

Material And Methods: A total of 334 animals selected from 27 different collections were included. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Effect of an insect protein-based diet on clinical signs of dogs with cutaneous adverse food reactions.

Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2018 Oct 12;46(5):297-302. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Objective: Edible insects (like mealworms, locusts and crickets) contain energy, protein, fatty acids, minerals and trace elements and have been found to be high quality food sources. They could provide a new food source for patients with adverse food reactions, as well as being of ecological and ethical interest. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a new commercially available, insect protein-based diet on the clinical signs in those dogs via Canine Atopic Dermatitis Lesion Index (CADLI), Pruritus Visual Analogue Scale (PVAS) and coat quality score. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

[Diagnostic value of the BRAF variant V595E in urine samples, smears and biopsies from canine transitional cell carcinoma].

Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2018 Oct 12;46(5):289-295. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Objective: Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) is the most common malignant tumour of the canine urinary tract. Previously, the mutation of the BRAF gene V595E was identified in approximately 85 % of canine TCC cases by DNA sequencing of TCC tumour cells, both in frozen and paraffin-embedded tissue sections, as well as in urine. The objective of this study was to establish these methods in cytological smears and to investigate the prevalence of BRAF mutation V595E in canine TCC in our cohort of patients. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Higher Serum Uric Acid is a Risk Factor of Reduced Muscle Mass in Men with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Internal Medicine 1, Shimane University Faculty of Medicine, Izumo, Japan.

Objective: Sarcopenia has been recognized as a diabetic complication, and hyperuricemia is often accompanied by type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, it is unknown whether serum uric acid (UA) levels are associated with reduced muscle mass in T2DM.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study to investigate the association of serum UA with muscle mass in 401 subjects with T2DM (209 men and 192 postmenopausal women). Read More

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December 2018

Honesty.

Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 11 12;66(8):607. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Universitaetsmedizin Mainz, Mainz, Germany.

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November 2018

A Female Patient with Xq28 Microduplication Presenting with Myotubular Myopathy, Confirmed with a Custom-Designed X-array.

Neuropediatrics 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Medical Genetics, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

X-linked myotubular myopathy (XLMTM) is a rare inherited neuromuscular disorder associated with mutations in the gene on the Xq28 region. We report a severely affected girl with XLMTM, caused by maternally inherited 661 kb Xq28 microduplication identified by chromosomal microarray analysis and confirmed also on DNA from muscle biopsy with a custom-designed X-chromosome-specific microarray. X-inactivation analysis revealed a skewed inactivation pattern on the proband's muscle biopsy. Read More

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December 2018

[Quality of life as a target criterion in schizophrenia therapy].

Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Praxis Dr. Wietfeld, Fachärztin für Neurologie, Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie.

Consideration of quality of life has developed into an important concept of a patient-oriented medicine in the last 50 years. With it, it should be possible to capture the subjective experience of the patients and describe its different dimensions. Today, the quality of life as a patient-reported endpoint is also an integral part of the early benefit assessment under the German Drug Market Reorganization Act. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

[A short essay on the spirituality of placebo from an (evolutionary) psychiatric perspective].

Authors:
Udo Bonnet

Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Klinik für Psychiatrie, Psychotherapie und Psychosomatik im Evangelischen Krankenhaus Castrop-Rauxel, Castrop-Rauxel, Akademisches Lehrkrankenhaus der Universität Duisburg-Essen.

Different to spirituality, the placebo-effect is well operationalized. Against this background, an attempt is made to look at a possible phenomenological relationship between the therapeutic effectiveness of spirituality and placebo. Similar context influences as well as the possible common use of a phylogenetically well conserved protective route via the mesolimbic dopaminergic reward system are highlighted. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

[Natural history after discharge from a hospital psychosomatic treatment - Results of a one-year follow-up].

Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Zentrum für Psychiatrie Südwürttemberg, Abteilung Psychosomatische Medizin Ravensburg.

Background: The effectiveness of the inpatient psychosomatic treatment has been documented in various settings. The question of the sustainability of the improvement achieved as well as the prognostic factors is of interest for public health.

Objective: Primary outcome variables reflect the stability or change in the clinical status of patients one year after the discharge from the inpatient psychosomatic treatment. Read More

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December 2018

[Sirolimus for LAM - A New MILEStone Reached?]

Authors:
M Kreuter H Wirtz

Pneumologie 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Universitätsklinikum Leipzig, Abteilung Pneumologie.

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December 2018

[The Influence of Residence Status on Psychiatric Symptom Load of Asylum Seekers in Germany].

Psychiatr Prax 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Psychiatrische Universitätsklinik der Charité im St. Hedwig-Krankenhaus Berlin.

Background: The aim of this study was to assess asylum seekers' views on their legal situations, asylum procedures and living conditions, and the relationship of these factors towards psychological stress.

Methods: 650 asylum seekers in Berlin received a questionnaire.

Results: 76,3 % (N = 496) completed the questionnaires in full. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

[Interagency Cooperation in a Community Mental Health Centre - A Qualitative Study about the Stakeholders' Experiences].

Psychiatr Prax 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Fachbereich Sozialwesen, Hochschule Niederrhein, University of Applied Sciences, Mönchengladbach.

Objective: This study explores the conditions for the stakeholders' cooperation in an integrative care model for people with psychosocial problems.

Methods: Expert interviews on various community mental health care providers were led and content analyzed.

Results: Joint objectives and conceptually comparable financing models were found to be essential for cooperation across mental health and social integration services. Read More

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December 2018

[A Reversible Case of Korsakoff Syndrome in an Alcohol Dependent Patient].

Psychiatr Prax 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

LVR-Klinikum Düsseldorf, Kliniken der Heinrich-Heine-Universität, Medizinische Fakultät Düsseldorf.

Alcohol dependent patients represent a high-risk group for vitamin deficiency, which could lead to variable cognitive dysfunctions and, as an extreme example, to an amnestic-confabulatory syndrome. In this case report, we report about an alcohol dependent 58-year-old patient without focal neurological symptoms with an amnestic-confabulatory syndrome. After substitution of thiamine, vitamin B12 and folic acid, cognitive symptoms completely vanish within a 22-month period of observation. Read More

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December 2018

[Current trends in flexible ureteroscopy: an update].

Aktuelle Urol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Urology, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg.

Flexible ureteroscopy (fURS) has become a success story in urology. Since its implementation into the treatment of urolithiasis, fURS has demonstrated excellent clinical performance and safety. In recent years, the spread of disposable ureteroscopes has shaped the field of endoscopic stone treatment. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

A multimodal (FACILE) classification for optical diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease associated neoplasia.

Endoscopy 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Division of Gastroenterology, HSK Hospital, Wiesbaden, Germany.

Background:  Characterization of colonic lesions in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains challenging. We developed an endoscopic classification of visual characteristics to identify colitis-associated neoplasia using multimodal advanced endoscopic imaging (Frankfurt Advanced Chromoendoscopic IBD LEsions [FACILE] classification).

Methods:  The study was conducted in three phases: 1) development - an expert panel defined endoscopic signs and predictors of dysplasia in IBD and, using multivariable logistic regression created the FACILE classification; 2) validation - using 60 IBD lesions from an image library, two assessments of diagnostic accuracy for neoplasia were performed and interobserver agreement between experts using FACILE was determined; 3) reproducibility - the reproducibility of the FACILE classification was tested in gastroenterologists, trainees, and junior doctors after completion of a training module. Read More

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December 2018

Health Information Exchange in Emergency Medical Services.

Appl Clin Inform 2018 Oct 12;9(4):884-891. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

The Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States.

Background:  The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology has outlined the benefits of health information exchange in emergency medical services (EMSs) according to the model-, , , -developed in collaboration with the California Emergency Medical Services Authority.

Objective:  This scoping review aims to identify and characterize progress toward the adoption of prehospital health information exchange, as reported in the peer-reviewed literature.

Methods:  A structured review of literature in MEDLINE-indexed journals was conducted using the "Electronic Health Records" topic-specific query, the "Emergency Medical Services" Medical Subject Headings descriptor, and a prehospital identifier. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Communicating with Vulnerable Patient Populations: A Randomized Intervention to Teach Inpatients to Use the Electronic Patient Portal.

Appl Clin Inform 2018 Oct 12;9(4):875-883. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

University of California, Los Angeles, California, United States.

Background:  Patient portals are expanding as a means to engage patients and have evidence for benefit in the outpatient setting. However, few studies have evaluated their use in the inpatient setting, or with vulnerable patient populations.

Objective:  This article assesses an intervention to teach hospitalized vulnerable patients to access their discharge summaries using electronic patient portals. Read More

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October 2018

Burden of disease (BoD), disability-adjusted life years (DALY) and frailty prevalence.

QJM 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Clinical Sciences Institute, National University of Ireland, Galway (NUIG), Galway City, Ireland.

Background: Burden of disease (BoD) using disability-adjusted life years (DALY) is a useful summary measure of population health and estimates are provided for Ireland annually. We hypothesised that BoD may be used as a predictor of frailty prevalence.

Aim: To examine the correlation between frailty measured by the accumulation of deficits (frailty index, FI) and Fried Frailty Phenotype (FFP) classifications and BoD, in an Irish context. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Retinal Astrocytic Hamartoma- Ophthalmologic marker of Tuberous Sclerosis.

QJM 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

All India Institute Of Medical Sciences, Department of Neurology, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India.

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December 2018

Factor cooperation for chromosome discrimination in Drosophila.

Nucleic Acids Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Molecular Biology Division, Biomedical Center, Faculty of Medicine and Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich (CIPSM), Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich, 82151 Martinsried, Germany.

Transcription regulators select their genomic binding sites from a large pool of similar, non-functional sequences. Although general principles that allow such discrimination are known, the complexity of DNA elements often precludes a prediction of functional sites. The process of dosage compensation in Drosophila allows exploring the rules underlying binding site selectivity. Read More

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December 2018

Regulation of ATR activity via the RNA polymerase II associated factors CDC73 and PNUTS-PP1.

Nucleic Acids Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Radiation Biology, Institute for Cancer Research, Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Ataxia telangiectasia mutated and Rad3-related (ATR) kinase is a key factor activated by DNA damage and replication stress. An alternative pathway for ATR activation has been proposed to occur via stalled RNA polymerase II (RNAPII). However, how RNAPII might signal to activate ATR remains unknown. Read More

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December 2018

Xenotransplantation: Progress Along Paths Uncertain from Models to Application.

ILAR J 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Translational Medicine and The Comparative Medicine Institute, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina.

For more than a century, transplantation of tissues and organs from animals into man, xenotransplantation, has been viewed as a potential way to treat disease. Ironically, interest in xenotransplantation was fueled especially by successful application of allotransplantation, that is, transplantation of human tissue and organs, as a treatment for a variety of diseases, especially organ failure because scarcity of human tissues limited allotransplantation to a fraction of those who could benefit. In principle, use of animals such as pigs as a source of transplants would allow transplantation to exert a vastly greater impact than allotransplantation on medicine and public health. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Applied Institutional Approaches for the Evaluation and Management of Zoonoses in Contemporary Laboratory Animal Research Facilities.

ILAR J 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Population Health, University of Georgia College of Veterinary Medicine, Athens, Georgia.

Zoonoses, diseases transmitted between animals and humans, have been a concern in laboratory animal medicine for decades. Exposure to zoonotic organisms not only poses health risks to personnel and research animals but may also affect research integrity. Early laboratory animal programs were ineffective at excluding and preventing transmission of zoonotic diseases: the health status of the animals were often unknown, endemic diseases occurred frequently, housing conditions were less controlled, and veterinary care programs were decentralized. Read More

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December 2018

Assessment of Bowel Inflammation and Strictures by Magnetic Resonance Enterography in Long-term Crohn´s Disease.

J Crohns Colitis 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Radiology, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway.

Background: Crohns disease (CD) is a chronic inflammation in the gut that often progresses to fibrosis. Magnetic Resonance Enterography (MRE) is an important diagnostic tool in evaluating CD. We aimed to assess the prevalence of inflammation and stricturing disease in patients with long-term CD and investigate associations with clinical factors. Read More

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December 2018

Pancreatic Islet Transplantation in Humans: Recent Progress and Future Directions.

Endocr Rev 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology, and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA.

Pancreatic islet transplantation has become an established approach to β-cell replacement therapy for the treatment of insulin deficient diabetes. Recent progress in techniques for islet isolation, islet culture, and peri-transplant management of the islet transplant recipient have resulted in substantial improvements in metabolic and safety outcomes for patients. For patients requiring total or sub-total pancreatectomy for benign disease of the pancreas, isolation of islets from the diseased pancreas with intrahepatic transplantation of autologous islets can prevent or ameliorate post-surgical diabetes, and for patients previously experiencing painful recurrent acute or chronic pancreatitis, quality-of-life is substantially improved. Read More

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December 2018
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Predictive Value of Preoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings for Survival and Local Recurrence in Patients Undergoing En Bloc Resection of Sacral Chordomas.

Neurosurgery 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Neurological Surgery, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.

Background: Few studies have assessed the prognostic importance of preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan findings in patients undergoing en bloc resection of sacral chordomas.

Objective: To (1) report in-depth imaging characteristics of sacral chordomas, (2) describe the patterns of local and distant recurrence, and (3) determine imaging predictors of overall survival (OS) and local recurrence (LR).

Methods: This retrospective case series was obtained from a prospectively maintained spine database from 1995 to 2016. Read More

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December 2018

Altered sleep architecture, rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, and neural oscillation in a mouse model of human chromosome 16p11.2 microdeletion.

Sleep 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA.

Sleep abnormalities are common among children with neurodevelopmental disorders. The human chr16p11.2 microdeletion is associated with a range of neurological and neurobehavioral abnormalities. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Obese Patients Benefit, but do not Fare as Well as Nonobese Patients, Following Lumbar Spondylolisthesis Surgery: An Analysis of the Quality Outcomes Database.

Neurosurgery 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California.

Background: Given recent differing findings following 2 randomized clinical trials on degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DLS) surgery, there is a need to better define how subsets of patients fare following surgery.

Objective: To investigate the impact of obesity on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) following DLS surgery.

Methods: A total of 12 high-enrolling sites were queried, and we found 797 patients undergoing surgery for grade 1 DLS. Read More

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December 2018

Household transmission of seasonal influenza from HIV-infected and -uninfected individuals in South Africa, 2013-2014.

J Infect Dis 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Centre for Respiratory Diseases and Meningitis, National Institute for Communicable Diseases of the National Health Laboratory Service, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Differential transmission from HIV-infected compared to HIV-uninfected individuals may impact influenza burden. We estimated the household secondary infection risk (SIR) and serial interval (SI) for influenza transmission from HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected index cases and identified associated factors.

Methods: Index cases were the first symptomatic person in a household with influenza-like illness, testing influenza positive on real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR). Read More

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December 2018

MAGE genes in the kidney: identification of MAGED2 as upregulated during kidney injury and in stressed tubular cells.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Nephrology, IIS-Fundacion Jimenez Diaz-Universidad Autonoma de Madrid and Fundacion Renal Iñigo Alvarez de Toledo-IRSIN, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Mutations in Melanoma Antigen-encoding Gene D2 (MAGED2) promote tubular dysfunction, suggesting that MAGE proteins may play a role in kidney pathophysiology. We have characterized the expression and regulation of MAGE genes in normal kidneys and during kidney disease.

Methods: The expression of MAGE genes and their encoded proteins was explored by systems biology multi-omics (kidney transcriptomics and proteomics) in healthy adult murine kidneys and following induction of experimental acute kidney injury (AKI) by a folic acid overdose. Read More

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December 2018

Commentary: A Clinical Rule for Preoperative Prediction of BRAF Mutation Status in Craniopharyngioma.

Authors:
Daniel W Fults

Neurosurgery 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah.

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December 2018

The relationship between type 1 IFN and vasculopathy in anti-MDA5 antibody-positive dermatomyositis patients.

Rheumatology (Oxford) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Rheumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, Saga, Japan.

Objectives: Based on the antibody profiles of inflammatory myositis patients, we investigated the type 1 IFN (T1-IFN) signature in serum and DM skin to determine the relationship between T1-IFN and vasculopathy in anti-melanoma differentiation-associated 5 gene (MDA5) antibody-positive DM patients.

Methods: We examined 47 patients with new-onset inflammatory myositis. We divided them into three groups: the anti-MDA5 antibody-positive patients (MDA5 group, n = 16), the anti-aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase antibody-positive patients (aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase group, n = 12), and the double-negative patients (n = 19). Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads
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