4,605 results match your criteria Journal of Medical Case Reports [Journal]


Twenty-and-a-half syndrome: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Feb 15;13(1):35. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Neurology, Sri Aurobindo Medical College & P.G. Institute, 4th Floor, Sanwer Road, Indore, MP, 453555, India.

Background: In the list of named numerical neuro-ophthalmological syndromes, such as one-and-a-half syndrome and others, we report for the first time twenty-and-a-half syndrome, which is characterized by one-and-a-half syndrome with bilateral seventh and right fifth nerve palsy (1.5 + 7 + 7 + 5 = 20.5) in a patient with ischemic stroke. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-019-1980-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Multiple cutaneous metastasis of synchronous urothelial carcinoma of the bladder and the renal pelvis: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Feb 14;13(1):34. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Surgical Oncology Department, Institute Salah Azaiez de Cancer, Tunis, Tunisia.

Introduction: Cutaneous metastatic disease arising from urinary tract carcinoma is rare and associated with a poor prognosis. We report a case of metastatic disease occurring in a patient treated for synchronous urothelial tumor of the bladder and left renal pelvis.

Case Presentation: A 61-year-old Caucasian man was treated for a synchronous urothelial tumor of the bladder and left renal pelvis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-019-1997-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Pantoea dispersa bacteremia in an immunocompetent patient: a case report and review of the literature.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Feb 13;13(1):33. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Clinical Infectious Diseases, Aichi Medical University Hospital, 〒480-1195 1-1 Yazakokarimata, Nagakute, Aichi, Japan.

Background: Pantoea is a Gram-negative, non-encapsulated, non-spore-forming, ubiquitous straight rod which can be isolated from geographical and ecological sources such as plant surfaces, buckwheat seeds, human feces, and the environment. The genus Pantoea is a rare pathogen in a clinical setting, and is divided into 20 different species such as Pantoea agglomerans, Pantoea ananatis, Pantoea deleyi, Pantoea dispersa, Pantoea septica, Pantoea stewartii or Pantoea rwandensis. Pantoea dispersa has been reported to cause other infections, including respiratory infections, neonatal sepsis, and bloodstream infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-019-1969-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Madurella mycetomatis infection of the buttock in an Eritrean refugee in Switzerland: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Feb 12;13(1):32. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Ambulatory Care and Community Medicine of the University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Background: Mycetoma is a neglected infectious disease caused by a fungus (eumycetoma) or bacteria (actinomycetoma); it is characterized by chronic local inflammation with sinus formation and purulent discharge. Its course can be quite devastating because of the difficulty in diagnosing the infection and in eliminating the causative agent. Although endemic in many countries in the tropics and subtropics, the migration of Africans to Europe may increase the presence of this neglected disease in European countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1962-yDOI Listing
February 2019

Histopathology of a retrocorneal membrane after Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Feb 6;13(1):31. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Tübingen, Elfriede-Aulhorn-Str. 7, 72076, Tübingen, Germany.

Background: We report the first histopathologically proven occurrence of a retrocorneal membrane after Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty.

Case Presentation: A white Caucasian 76-year-old woman received penetrating keratoplasty on her right eye 2 years after Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty surgery with combined cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation for Fuchs' endothelial corneal dystrophy due to an allograft rejection with ensuing graft failure. Her preoperative vision was counting fingers (20/2000) caused by immunological debris, corneal edema, and secondary membrane formation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1960-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364459PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Evaluation using a four-dimensional imaging tool before and after pulmonary valve replacement in a patient with tetralogy of Fallot: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Feb 5;13(1):30. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Pediatric Cardiovascular Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Background: Pulmonary regurgitation is a common complication after tetralogy of Fallot repair, resulting in right ventricular dysfunction, arrhythmia, and sudden death. However, the indications and optimal timing for pulmonary valve replacement are not fully known. We describe a case in which a four-dimensional imaging tool was useful in the decision to re-operate, thus resulting in decreased energy loss and improved right ventricular function after the re-operation for tetralogy of Fallot. Read More

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https://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1964-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362591PMC
February 2019
6 Reads

25-Hydroxyvitamin D variability within-person due to diurnal rhythm and illness: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Feb 4;13(1):29. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, and Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, 27 King's College Circle, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 1A1, Canada.

Background: Vitamin D nutrition research requires accurate measures of circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Our objectives were to test whether a diurnal fluctuation in blood-spot concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D can be demonstrated statistically in a single individual, and whether such fluctuation is affected by the pre-dose versus post-dose timing of the blood draw.

Case Presentation: The participant in this case study was a generally healthy Caucasian woman in her 40s who has taken 5000 IU vitamin D3 supplement at midday for over 1 year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1948-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360762PMC
February 2019

Spontaneous remission in diffuse large cell lymphoma: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Feb 1;13(1):28. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Baylor St Luke Medical Center, Section of Hematology/Oncology, 1 Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Background: Spontaneous remission in solid malignancies has been documented. However, spontaneous remission in aggressive diffuse large b cell lymphoma is exceedingly rare. Previous reports of lymphoma remission suggest that not yet fully characterized tumor-intrinsic and microenvironment mechanisms cooperate with spontaneous regression. Read More

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https://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1937-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357409PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder with increased aquaporin-4 microparticles prior to autoantibodies in cerebrospinal fluid: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 30;13(1):27. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, SE-112 81, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders are severe autoimmune inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system associated with the presence of immunoglobulin G antibodies against the water channel protein aquaporin-4. During exacerbation, specific aquaporin-4 immunoglobulin G may be produced intrathecally. We measured extracellular aquaporin-4 microparticles in the cerebrospinal fluid of a patient who later developed the typical symptoms and signs of a neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1929-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352324PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Trousseau syndrome in a patient with advanced oral squamous cell carcinoma: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 29;13(1):26. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tokai University School of Medicine, 143 Shimokasuya, Isehara, Kanagawa, 259-1193, Japan.

Background: Trousseau syndrome is known as a variant of cancer-associated thrombosis. Trousseau syndrome commonly occurs in patients with lung or prostate cancer. Hypercoagulability is thought to be initiated by mucins produced by the adenocarcinoma, which react with leukocyte and platelet selectins to form platelet-rich microthrombi. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1833-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350311PMC
January 2019
1 Read

A serious thrombotic event in a patient with immune thrombocytopenia requiring intravenous immunoglobulin: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 28;13(1):25. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Immune thrombocytopenia is an acquired autoimmune disease. Recently, there has been evidence of thrombotic risk in patients with immune thrombocytopenia, but the mechanism is still inconclusive. Intravenous immunoglobulin infusion therapy is considered an efficient treatment; however, it still is associated with adverse events of fever, chills, and hypotension, as well as serious complications such as thrombosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1955-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348674PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Undifferentiated epithelioid sarcoma presenting as a fever of unknown origin: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 27;13(1):24. Epub 2019 Jan 27.

QEII Health Sciences Centre, Room 409 Bethune Building, 1276 South Park Street, Halifax, NS, B3H 2Y9, Canada.

Background: Fever of unknown origin is often a diagnostic dilemma for clinicians due to its extremely broad differential. One of the rarer categories of disease causing fever of unknown origin is malignancies; of these, soft tissue sarcoma is one of the least common. Soft tissue sarcomas make up < 1% of all adult malignancies and often do not present with any systemic manifestations or neoplastic fevers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1951-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348079PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Using the new INTRABEAM mobile intraoperative radiotherapy system during surgery for pancreatic cancer: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 26;13(1):23. Epub 2019 Jan 26.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, No. 250, Changgang Road, Guangzhou, 510260, People's Republic of China.

Background: Pancreatic cancer is one of the most common fatal malignancies and has a poor prognosis. Surgical treatment is the most important treatment method, but there is a low rate of radical excision; moreover, the postoperative recurrence rate is high, with a local recurrence rate greater than 50%. The usefulness of intraoperative radiotherapy for pancreatic cancer has previously been examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1906-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6347751PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Simultaneous transient global amnesia and Takotsubo syndrome after death of a relative: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 25;13(1):22. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

2nd Medical Department with Cardiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Vienna, Austria.

Introduction: Simultaneous occurrence of transient global amnesia and Takotsubo syndrome has been only rarely reported. Here we report another patient with a transient global amnesia and concomitant Takotsubo syndrome.

Case Presentation: Our patient is a 64-year-old white man with a previous history of myocarditis from borreliosis who developed sudden-onset confusional state with perseverations and repetition of the same questions during a funeral for his brother-in-law. Read More

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https://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1928-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346500PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Fluocinolone acetonide intravitreal implant as a therapeutic option for severe Sjögren's syndrome-related keratopathy: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 24;13(1):21. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Langenbeckstrasse 1, 55131, Mainz, Germany.

Background: In this report, we present the results of a severe case of Sjögren's syndrome-related keratopathy after fluocinolone acetonide 190-μg intravitreal implant (Iluvien®; Alimera Sciences Inc.) therapy.

Case Presentation: A 52-year-old Caucasian woman with Sjögren's syndrome secondary to autoimmune hepatitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis was admitted to our emergency department owing to bilateral corneal ulcers and corneal perforation in the left eye following exposure keratopathy in an artificially induced coma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1916-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6345050PMC
January 2019
1 Read

A rare rib lesion due to parosteal osteosarcoma: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 23;13(1):19. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Istanbul Gelısım University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Masses which develop on the surface of the rib bones are rare. The differential diagnosis includes benign and malignant lesions.

Case Presentation: A 23-year-old European woman presented at an out-patient clinic with a 9-month history of a painless swelling on the right posterolateral side of her chest wall. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1958-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343249PMC
January 2019

Porphyria cutanea tarda: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 21;13(1):17. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Istanbul Training and Research Hospital, Internal Medicine Department, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: The porphyrias are a rare group of metabolic disorders that can either be inherited or acquired. Along the heme biosynthetic pathway, porphyrias can manifest with neurovisceral and/or cutaneous symptoms, depending on the defective enzyme. Porphyria cutanea tarda, the most common type of porphyria worldwide, is caused by a deficiency of uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase, a crucial enzyme in heme biosynthesis, which results in an accumulation of photosensitive byproducts, such as uroporphyrinogen, which leads to the fragility and blistering of sun-exposed skin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1956-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340172PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Status epilepticus induced by treatment with dopamine agonist therapy for giant prolactinoma: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 20;13(1):18. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, 5-1-1 Nabeshima, Saga, 849-8501, Japan.

Background: Dopamine agonists are the standard first-line medical therapy for prolactinoma. We report a rare case of giant prolactinoma with a first epileptic seizure due to rapid reduction of the tumor as a complication of dopamine agonist therapy.

Case Presentation: A 27-year-old Japanese man presented to our institution with a history of visual disturbance for 1 year and general fatigue for 3 months. Read More

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https://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1939-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339691PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Delayed hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelet count syndrome in succession of switches of preventive anticoagulant treatment in a 41-year-old patient with a history of recurrent assisted implantation failures: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 19;13(1):16. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Kliniken Nordoberpfalz AG, Klinikum Weiden, Söllnerstraße 16, 92637, Weiden, Germany.

Background: For the past decades the mean age of primiparae in Western societies is constantly increasing. At the same time, there is a growing demand for assisted reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Subsequently, a higher prevalence of pregnancy-associated diseases such as gestational hypertension and preeclampsia is observed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1943-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339357PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of the transverse colon with peritoneal metastasis: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 18;13(1):15. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Pathology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Background: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors are malignant tumors arising from a peripheral nerve or displaying nerve sheath differentiation. Gastrointestinal malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors are rare and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of the colon is even rarer. To date, only five cases have been reported as malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor arising in the colon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1896-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6337829PMC
January 2019

Ménétrier's disease presenting as recurrent unprovoked venous thrombosis: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 17;13(1):14. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, 45219, USA.

Background: Acquired thrombophilia is a potential sequela of malignancy, chronic inflammation, and conditions characterized by severe protein deficiency (for example, nephrotic syndrome, protein-losing enteropathy). As such, venous thrombosis is often a feature, and occasionally a presenting sign, of systemic disease. Ménétrier's disease is a rare hyperplastic gastropathy that may lead to gastrointestinal protein loss and hypoalbuminemia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1952-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335789PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Leukocytoclastic vasculitis with purpura and renal failure induced by the anti-epidermal growth factor receptor antibody panitumumab: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 16;13(1):13. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Gastroenterological Chemotherapy, The Cancer Institute Hospital, Jaese Foundation for Cancer Research, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Panitumumab is the first human combinatorial antibody for the treatment of metastatic colorectal carcinoma. Dermatologic toxicity of all grades occurs in more than 90% of patients. However, there are few reports of purpura induced by anti-epidermal growth factor receptor antibody. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1877-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334399PMC
January 2019
1 Read

The role of a sequencing-based clinical intestinal screening test in patients at high-risk for Clostridium difficile and other pathogens: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 15;13(1). Epub 2019 Jan 15.

uBiome, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Background: Hospitalization and antibiotic treatment can put patients at high risk for Clostridium difficile infection, where a disturbance of the gut microbiome allows for Clostridium difficile proliferation and associated symptoms, including mild, moderate, or severe diarrhea. Clostridium difficile infection is challenging to treat, often recurrent, and leads to almost 30,000 annual deaths in the USA alone. Here we present a case where SmartGut™, an at-home, self-administered sequencing-based clinical intestinal screening test, was used to identify the presence of Clostridium difficile in a patient with worsening diarrhea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1919-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332561PMC
January 2019
1 Read

The additional genetic diagnosis of homozygous sickle cell disease in a patient with Waardenburg-Shah syndrome: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 13;13(1):10. Epub 2019 Jan 13.

Sickle Cell Unit, Caribbean Institute for Health Research, The University of the West Indies, Kingston 7, Jamaica.

Background: It is important that multiple genetic diagnoses are not missed. This case report describes the clinical features and management of a patient with co-inheritance of Waardenburg syndrome type 4 or Waardenburg-Shah syndrome, an extremely rare disease, and homozygous sickle cell disease not uncommon in the Caribbean. This case is unusual as it may be the first documented case of the co-inheritance of both these diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1953-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330566PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Infarcted Warthin tumor with mucoepidermoid carcinoma-like metaplasia: a case report and review of the literature.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 14;13(1):12. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Kosai's Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology, 2-169-1, Hitotsubashi-town, Kochi-city, Kochi, 780-0981, Japan.

Background: Warthin tumor is a common, benign, painless salivary gland neoplasm. Rarely, Warthin tumors show large areas of squamous metaplasia; such Warthin tumors are called metaplastic or infarcted Warthin tumors because they are occasionally accompanied with tumor necrosis. The histological distinction between mucoepidermoid carcinomas and the metaplastic portions of Warthin tumors can be challenging; without a genetic study, mucoepidermoid carcinomas can be misdiagnosed as metaplastic Warthin tumors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1941-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330755PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Dynamic hip kinematics during recreational classical ballet and hula dance after total hip arthroplasty: two case reports.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 12;13(1):11. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan.

Background: The in vivo assessment of the three-dimensional kinematics of the hip during dance activities in patients after total hip arthroplasty has not been previously reported. We evaluated the replaced hip kinematics during recreational classical ballet and hula dance using radiographic-based image-matching techniques.

Case Presentation: A 58-year-old Japanese woman (patient 1; height, 157 cm; weight, 74. Read More

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https://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1942-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330411PMC
January 2019
11 Reads

Computer-assisted anteverting eccentric rotational acetabular osteotomy for recurrent posterior dislocation associated with acetabular retroversion: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 11;13(1). Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Bone and Joint Surgery, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Shitsukawa, Toon, Ehime, 791-0295, Japan.

Background: Acetabular retroversion is a rotatory abnormality of the entire hemipelvis that includes anterior over-coverage and posterior deficiency of the acetabulum, and is associated with pincer-type femoroacetabular impingement and posterior hip instability. Acetabular retroversion is thought to cause posterior dislocation of the hip in athletes due to both the pincer-type femoroacetabular impingement and posterior hip instability.

Case Presentation: A 26-year-old Japanese man had acetabular retroversion that induced recurrent posterior dislocation of his hip due to excessive hip flexion while wakeboarding. Read More

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https://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1949-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329043PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

A rare cause of back pain and radiculopathy - spinal tophi: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 8;13(1). Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Orthopaedics Department, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia.

Background: Gout is a monosodium urate deposition disease which is prevalent worldwide. The usual manifestations are crystal arthropathy and tophi deposition in the soft tissues. Spinal tophi may also occur and are rarely reported, resulting in various clinical manifestations such as back pain, spinal cord compression, radiculopathy, and even mimicking epidural abscess and spondylodiscitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1940-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325858PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Doyne honeycomb retinal dystrophy - functional improvement following subthreshold nanopulse laser treatment: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 10;13(1). Epub 2019 Jan 10.

UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, University College, London, UK.

Background: Based on phenotypic similarities between age-related macular degeneration and the autosomal disorder Doyne honeycomb retinal dystrophy, we report on a single nanolaser treatment of a patient with genotype Doyne honeycomb retinal dystrophy confirmation and evidence of disease progression over 12 months. The case study is the first report of short-term results of subthreshold nanolaser treatment in a patient with Doyne honeycomb retinal dystrophy.

Case Presentation: A 43-year-old Caucasian man with moderate loss of visual acuity in his left eye (20/40) and normal visual acuity in his right eye (20/20), with clinical Doyne honeycomb retinal dystrophy diagnosis and genetic confirmation of the common heterozygous mutation (EFEMP1) by genetic testing, underwent nanopulse subthreshold laser treatment in his left eye. Read More

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https://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1935-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327555PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Acute exacerbation of chronic osteomyelitis triggered by aggravation of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 7;13(1). Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of General Internal Medicine 1, Kawasaki Medical School, 2-6-1 Nakasange, Kita-ku, Okayama, 700-8505, Japan.

Background: Osteomyelitis is an infection in a bone. Acute osteomyelitis is observed mainly in the long leg bones of children and is usually treated with antibiotics. On the other hand, in adults, subacute or chronic osteomyelitis is more common. Read More

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https://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1954-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323657PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

An anomalous band originating from the fabella causing semimembranosus impingement presenting as knee pain: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 9;13(1). Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Trauma and Orthopaedic Department, Queen Alexandra Hospital, Portsmouth, UK.

Background: The presentation of patients with knee injuries which can have a significant impact on their ability to work and perform activities of daily living is constantly rising. The posterolateral corner of the knee has a complex anatomy of muscles, tendons, and ligaments, with huge variation in the population. The fabella is one such structure, found in the posterolateral corner of the knee, which can serve as a common origin point of various ligaments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1946-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325678PMC
January 2019

Mesothelial cyst derived from chest wall pleura growing after thoracic surgery: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 6;13(1). Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Yamanashi, 1110 Shimokato, Chuo City, Yamanashi, Japan.

Background: Intrathoracic mesothelial cysts almost always arise in the mediastinum, and extramediastinal mesothelial cysts are extremely rare. Here we describe a case of mesothelial cyst derived from the chest wall pleura growing after thoracic surgery.

Case Presentation: A 63-year-old Japanese woman was referred to our department. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1944-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6321693PMC
January 2019

Ambiguous presentation of an intra-abdominal testicular seminoma in a 40-year-old man: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 4;13(1). Epub 2019 Jan 4.

St Elizabeth Catholic General Hospital and Cardiac Centre, Shisong, Northwest Region, Cameroon.

Background: Cryptorchidism is the most common congenital malformation of the male genitourinary tract. The cryptorchid testis is most often located in the inguinal canal; however, intra-abdominal locations are not rare. The risk of malignancy in an undescended testis is 10% with the highest risk in an intra-abdominal testis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1917-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320594PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Pheochromocytoma presenting with severe hyperglycemia and metabolic acidosis following intra-articular glucocorticoid administration: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jan 5;13(1). Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Division of Diabetes, Metabolism, and Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Showa University School of Medicine, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa, Tokyo, 142-8555, Japan.

Background: There are several reports of pheochromocytoma crisis triggered by systemic glucocorticoid administration. However, pheochromocytoma crisis after intra-articular glucocorticoid administration has been rarely reported.

Case Presentation: A 45-year-old Japanese man presented to our hospital with a sudden, severe headache. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1945-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320610PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Collodion baby treated at a tertiary hospital in Tanzania: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Dec 31;12(1):385. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Paediatrics and Child health, School of Medicine, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), 9 United Nations Road, Upanga West, P.O. Box 65001, Dar-es-salaam, Tanzania.

Background: The term "collodion baby" is used to describe a newborn covered with a translucent, parchment-like skin sheet. It is an extremely rare condition with an estimated incidence of 1 in 300,000 live births. Clinically, the baby will present with a collodion membrane with fissures, ectropium, eclabium, and hypoplastic digits. Read More

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https://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1912-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311898PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Repeat stent implementation for recanalization of the proximal right coronary artery: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Dec 30;12(1):386. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

Department of Cardiology & National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Diseases, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, 100853, China.

Background: A stent in a false lumen is a common cause of stent occlusion after coronary percutaneous coronary artery intervention therapy, particularly in the culprit lesion of acute myocardial infarction. Here, we present an unusual case of successful recanalization of the proximal right coronary artery with implementation of another stent to crush the previous stent in the false lumen.

Case Presentation: A 40-year-old Chinese man underwent coronary stent implementation in the proximal right coronary artery due to acute inferior wall myocardial infarction at another hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1897-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311301PMC
December 2018

Examination of metal mobilization from a gunshot by scanning acoustic microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Dec 28;12(1):391. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Biruni University Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Projectile foreign bodies are known to cause chronic heavy metal toxicity due to the release of metal into the bloodstream. However, the local effect around the metallic object has not been investigated and the main goal of our study is to examine the influence of the object in close proximity of the object.

Case Presentation: A 36-year-old Caucasian woman with one metallic pellet close to her sciatic nerve due to a previous shotgun injury at the gluteal area presented with a diagnosis of recurrent lumbar disk herniation at L4-5 level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1905-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310982PMC
December 2018

Intravenously administered cloxacillin-induced neutropenia with eosinophilia in a patient with infective endocarditis: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Dec 29;12(1):384. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Teaching Hospital Kurunegala, Kurunegala, Sri Lanka.

Background: Bacteremia following Staphylococcus aureus is a serious clinical condition which is often associated with distant metastatic infections. One of the most dreaded complications of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia is infective endocarditis. Cloxacillin is a common antibiotic prescribed for suspected staphylococcal infections and confirmed methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1933-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310943PMC
December 2018
1 Read

A prospective study of tinea capitis in children: making the diagnosis easier with a dermoscope.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Dec 28;12(1):383. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Dermatology, University Hospital Hassan II, Fez, Morocco.

Introduction: Tinea capitis is a scalp infection caused by different fungi. Etiological diagnosis is based on suggestive clinical findings and confirmation depends on the fungus growth in culture. However, it is not always possible to perform this test due to lack of availability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1914-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309099PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Hypodipsic-hypernatremia syndrome in an adult with polycythemia: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Dec 27;12(1):381. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Tygerberg Hospital and Stellenbosch University, Ward A7, Tygerberg Hospital, Francie van Zijl Drive, Parow Valley, Cape Town, 7505, South Africa.

Background: Hypernatremia is a very common electrolyte disorder and is frequently encountered in out-patient as well as in-hospital settings. We describe an adult who was found to have unexplained relative polycythemia and episodic hypernatremia. A diagnosis of idiopathic hypodipsic-hypernatremia syndrome was made and the patient was managed with a water-drinking schedule. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1938-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307108PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

Successful contemporary reverse controlled antegrade and retrograde subintimal tracking without contrast medium: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Dec 27;12(1):390. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine II, Kyorin University School of Medicine, 6-20-2 Shinkawa, Mitaka City, Tokyo, 181-0004, Japan.

Background: Contrast-induced acute kidney injury is one of the common adverse events related to percutaneous coronary intervention and a predictor for worse outcome. In the setting of percutaneous coronary intervention for chronic total occlusion, large amounts of contrast medium, more than 200-400 mL, are generally injected. A higher dose of contrast medium causes contrast-induced acute kidney injury more frequently. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1918-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307242PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Gastric duplication cyst in an adult with autoimmune hemolytic anemia: a case report and review of the literature.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Dec 26;12(1):380. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Department of Surgical Oncology, Mohamed I University, 30050, Oujda, Morocco.

Background: Gastric duplication cysts are uncommon congenital anomalies found primarily in children and rarely seen in the adult population. Accurate diagnosis of cysts before resection is difficult even using the most advanced imaging techniques.

Case Presentation: In this report, we describe a 28-year-old Moroccan patient with a history of autoimmune hemolytic anemia who presented with an asymptomatic abdominal cystic mass detected during abdominal computed tomography performed before splenectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1895-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305996PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in a patient with choroidal melanoma simulating choroidal detachment: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Dec 25;12(1):389. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, N-15, W-7, Kita-ku, Sapporo, 060-8638, Japan.

Background: Ophthalmologists and retina specialists may consider choroidal detachment if patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment present with choroidal elevation. That misdiagnosis may lead to inappropriate treatments, development of tumor cell dissemination, and eventual promotion of patient death. We report a case of a patient with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment associated with choroidal melanoma simulating choroidal detachment according to fundus findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1921-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305567PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Secondary extramedullary plasmacytoma of sigmoid colon in a patient with multiple myeloma: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Dec 25;12(1):379. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

Computed Tomography Department, Konstantpouleio General Hospital Nea Ionia, Athens, Greece.

Background: Extramedullary plasmacytoma is an uncommon tumor that most often involves the nasopharynx or upper respiratory tract. Extramedullary plasmacytoma is a type of plasma cell neoplasm that can present as a primary tumor or secondary to another plasma cell neoplasm, such as multiple myeloma. Secondary extramedullary plasmacytoma is usually noted in the advanced stages of the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1888-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305571PMC
December 2018
1 Read

An epidermal cyst of the penis after distal hypospadias surgery: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Dec 24;12(1):378. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Department of Urology, Haseki Traning and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Epidermoid cyst is a benign tumor that can occur anywhere in the body but is rarely seen in the penis. Congenital and previous penile surgeries have been reported to be involved in the etiology of the disease, which is usually asymptomatic. Here we describe a case of a patient with a penile epidermoid cyst, which occurred in the circumcision line on the left side of his penis, and urethral dehiscence following hypospadias surgery. Read More

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https://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1930-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304758PMC
December 2018
12 Reads

Sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation of the spleen (SANT) in a patient with clear cell carcinoma of the uterus: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Dec 23;12(1):377. Epub 2018 Dec 23.

Department of Pathology, Hassan II University Hospital, Fès, Morocco.

Background: Sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation of the spleen is a very rare benign vascular lesion recently described. Usually, sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation of the spleen is an incidental finding; the association with malignant tumors is extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, we report the first case of sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation of the spleen associated with uterine clear cell carcinoma. Read More

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https://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1907-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304231PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Episcleritis in a patient with mucosal melanoma treated with interferon alfa-2b and radiotherapy: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Dec 23;12(1):388. Epub 2018 Dec 23.

Biotherapy Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, No. 1 Jianshe East Road, Zhengzhou, 450052, China.

Background: Mucosal melanoma of the head and neck is a rare malignant tumor associated with a poor prognosis. Surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and biotherapy are common strategies for treating mucosal melanoma of the head and neck. Episcleritis is an idiopathic, immune-mediated disease, and is classified into two types: simple episcleritis and nodular episcleritis. Read More

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https://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1913-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304235PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Cardiac arrest associated with pneumorrhachis and pneumocephalus after epidural analgesia: two case reports.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Dec 22;12(1):387. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Hanyang University Seoul Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Epidural analgesia has become a common procedure to provide excellent pain relief with few complications. Pneumorrhachis and pneumocephalus are rare complications of unintentional dural puncture and injection of air into the subarachnoid or subdural space. No cases of cardiac arrest associated with these complications have been reported in the literature previously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1908-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6303906PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Masson's tumor of the kidney: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Dec 22;12(1):376. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Department of Urology, Charles Nicolle University Hospital of Tunis, Boulevard du 9 Avril 1938, 1006, Tunis, Tunisia.

Background: Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (known also as Masson's tumor) is a benign vascular lesion that commonly occurs in the skin and is rarely found in solid organs, especially in the kidney. In what follows, we will look into the first case of an unexpectedly diagnosed Masson's tumor of the kidney presenting as a suspicious renal cyst.

Case Presentation: A 61-year-old Arab man presented with a left renal cyst, incidentally revealed by ultrasonography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1898-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6303989PMC
December 2018
9 Reads