5,919 results match your criteria Journal of Korean Medical Science JKMS [Journal]


Appreciations to Reviewers for in 2018.

Authors:
Sung-Tae Hong

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 2;34(14):e112. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e112DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460110PMC

Medical Scientists = Explorers, Historiographers.

Authors:
Beom Sun Chung

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 22;34(15):e129. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Anatomy, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e129DOI Listing

Prediction of Patients Who Can Benefit from Oral Intestinal Sorbent AST-120.

Authors:
Ran Hui Cha

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 22;34(15):e127. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Internal Medicine, National Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e127DOI Listing

Evaluation of Propofol in Comparison with Other General Anesthetics for Surgery in Children Younger than 3 Years: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 22;34(15):e124. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Despite well-known advantages, propofol remains off-label in many countries for general anesthesia in children under 3 years of age due to insufficient evidence regarding its use in this population. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of propofol compared with other general anesthetics in children under 3 years of age undergoing surgery through a systematic review and meta-analysis of existing randomized clinical trials.

Methods: A comprehensive literature search was conducted of MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to find all randomized clinical trials comparing propofol with another general anesthetic that included children under 3 years of age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e124DOI Listing

Bronchial Thermoplasty in Patients with Severe Uncontrolled Asthma: First Korean Cases.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 22;34(15):e120. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Bronchial thermoplasty is a nonpharmacological treatment for severe asthma that delivers thermal energy to the bronchial walls and reduces hypertrophied smooth muscle mass. Previous studies have shown its efficacy and safety, resulting in approval from the Food and Drug Administration in 2010. In Korea, the first bronchial thermoplasty was carried out in 2014; 4 patients have undergone the procedure so far. Read More

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https://jkms.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e120
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e120DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Patient-Centeredness during In-Depth Consultation in the Outpatient Clinic of a Tertiary Hospital in Korea: Paradigm Shift from Disease to Patient.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 22;34(15):e119. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine and Lung Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Patient-centered care (PCC) and integrative care approach are widely advocated. However, their implementation usually requires an extended consultation time. Despite significant advances in medical diagnosis and treatment, no studies have examined consultation time and patient centeredness in Korea. Read More

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https://jkms.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e119
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e119DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Healthcare Utilization and Treatment Patterns in Diabetic Macular Edema in Korea: a Retrospective Chart Review.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 22;34(15):e118. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Ophthalmology, Daegu Catholic University Medical Center, Daegu, Korea.

Background: Limited data exist on real-world treatment patterns for diabetic macular edema (DME) in Korea. In this study, we investigated DME treatment patterns from 2009 to 2014 and the impact of baseline treatment on healthcare resource utilization and visual acuity (VA) outcomes.

Methods: A retrospective cohort chart review of DME patients treated at 11 hospital ophthalmology clinics between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2013 was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e118DOI Listing

Predictive Factors for Efficacy of AST-120 Treatment in Diabetic Nephropathy: a Prospective Single-Arm, Open-Label, Multi-Center Study.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 22;34(15):e117. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Removal of uremic toxins such as indoxyl sulfate by AST-120 is known to improve renal function and delay the initiation of dialysis in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease. However, it is unclear whether the addition of AST-120 to conventional treatments is effective in delaying the progression of renal dysfunction in patients with diabetic nephropathy.

Methods: A total of 100 patients with type 2 diabetes and renal dysfunction (serum creatinine levels ranging from 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e117DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Procalcitonin to Guide Antibiotic Therapy for Critically Ill Patients in Korea.

Authors:
Seong Yeon Park

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 15;34(14):e122. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e122DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460105PMC

Clinical Prediction Score for Community-Onset Bloodstream Infections Caused by Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-Producing and Species.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 15;34(14):e116. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.

Background: This study aimed to identify the predictors and build a prediction score for community-onset bloodstream infections (CO-BSIs) caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing and species.

Methods: All CO-BSIs caused by and species from 2012 to 2015 were grouped into derivation (BSIs from 2012 to 2014) and validation (BSIs in 2015) cohorts. A prediction score was built using the coefficients of the multivariate logistic regression model from the derivation cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460111PMC

Let Clinicians Classify Emergency Patients.

Authors:
Beom Sun Chung

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 15;34(14):e115. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Anatomy, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460108PMC

Changes in Relative Importance of the 5-Level Triage System, Korean Triage and Acuity Scale, for the Disposition of Emergency Patients Induced by Forced Reduction in Its Level Number: a Multi-Center Registry-based Retrospective Cohort Study.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 15;34(14):e114. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Samsung Changwon Hospital, School of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University, Changwon, Korea.

Background: The 5-level triage tool, the Korean Triage and Acuity Scale (KTAS), was developed based on the Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale and has been used for triage in all emergency medical institutions in Korea since 2016. This study evaluated the association between the decrease in level number and the change in its relative importance for disposition in the emergency department (ED).

Methods: Using the registry of the National Emergency Department Information System (NEDIS) ver. Read More

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https://jkms.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e114
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e114DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460112PMC
April 2019
4 Reads
1.253 Impact Factor

A Comparative Evaluation of the KDSQ-C, AD8, and SMCQ as a Cognitive Screening Test to Be Used in National Medical Check-ups in Korea.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 15;34(14):e111. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Neurology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Korea has a periodic general health check-up program that uses the Korean Dementia Screening Questionnaire-Cognition (KDSQ-C) as a cognitive dysfunction screening tool. The Alzheimer Disease 8 (AD8) and Subjective Memory Complaints Questionnaire (SMCQ) are also used in clinical practice. We compared the diagnostic ability of these screening questionnaires for cognitive impairment when completed by participants and their caregivers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e111DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460109PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Procalcitonin-Guided Treatment on Duration of Antibiotic Therapy and Cost in Septic Patients (PRODA): a Multi-Center Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 15;34(14):e110. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: The objective of this study was to establish the efficacy and safety of procalcitonin (PCT)-guided antibiotic discontinuation in critically ill patients with sepsis in a country with a high prevalence of antimicrobial resistance and a national health insurance system.

Methods: In a multi-center randomized controlled trial, patients were randomly assigned to a PCT group (stopping antibiotics based on a predefined cut-off range of PCT) or a control group. The primary end-point was antibiotic duration. Read More

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https://jkms.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e110
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e110DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460106PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

The Pathological Findings of Chloromethylisothiazolinone and Methylisothiazolinone-associated Lung Injury.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 15;34(14):e102. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Childhood Asthma Atopy Center, Environmental Health Center, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

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https://jkms.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e102
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e102DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460107PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Deceptive Journal Differs from Low Quality Journal.

Authors:
Beom Sun Chung

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 8;34(13):e113. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Anatomy, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e113DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449598PMC

Can sIgE Levels to Food Allergens Predict Food-induced Anaphylaxis in Infants?

Authors:
Young Yoo

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 8;34(13):e109. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Pediatrics, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e109DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449599PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Assessment of Dysarthria Using One-Word Speech Recognition with Hidden Markov Models.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 8;34(13):e108. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Incheon Workers' Compensation Hospital, Incheon, Korea.

Background: The gold standard in dysarthria assessment involves subjective analysis by a speech-language pathologist (SLP). We aimed to investigate the feasibility of dysarthria assessment using automatic speech recognition.

Methods: We developed an automatic speech recognition based software to assess dysarthria severity using hidden Markov models (HMMs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e108DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449601PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Chordomas: Histopathological Study in View of Anatomical Location.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 8;34(13):e107. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Pathology, Samsung Medical Center, School of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Chordomas are aggressive bone tumors that have a predilection for the axial skeleton including the skull base and spinal/sacral bones. However, the histopathological and clinical differences between skull base chordoma (SBC) and sacral/spinal chordoma (SC) are unclear as previous studies have been focused on patient prognosis and treatment outcome. This study aimed to evaluate the clinicopathologic features and prognosis of chordoma according to its location. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e107DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449597PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Infantile Anaphylaxis in Korea: a Multicenter Retrospective Case Study.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 8;34(13):e106. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Pediatrics, Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Anaphylaxis is increasing in young children. The aim of the present study was to analyze the clinical characteristics of anaphylaxis in Korean infants, with a focus on food triggers.

Methods: The study analyzed the medical records of infants aged 0 to 2 years old who had been diagnosed with anaphylaxis in 23 secondary or tertiary hospitals in Korea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e106DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449600PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Comparison of the Plasma Metabolome Profiles Between the Internal Thoracic Artery and Ascending Aorta in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Using Gas Chromatography Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 8;34(13):e104. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: The left internal thoracic artery (LITA) has been used as the first conduit of choice in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) because of excellent long-term patency and outcomes. However, no studies have examined substances other than nitric oxide that could be beneficial for the bypass conduit, native coronary artery or ischemic myocardium. This study was conducted to evaluate differences in metabolic profiles between the LITA and ascending aorta using gas chromatography-time of flight-mass spectrometry (GC-TOF-MS). Read More

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https://jkms.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e104
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e104DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449602PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

Revisiting the Term Predatory Open Access Publishing.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 8;34(13):e99. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Institute of Physiotherapy & Rehabilitation Sciences, Peoples University of Medical & Health Sciences for Women, Nawabshah, Shaheed Benazirabad, Sindh, Pakistan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e99DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449603PMC

A 6-year Prospective, Observational, Multi-Center Post-Marketing Surveillance of the Safety of Tetanus Toxoid, Reduced Diphtheria Toxoid, and Acellular Pertussis (Tdap) Vaccine in Korea.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 22;34(12):e105. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Family Medicine, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Incidence of whooping cough is increasing in Korea. Since 2011, occurrence among adolescents and adults has risen putting vulnerable neonates at risk. National immunization guidelines now include Tdap (tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis) vaccination during pregnancy and as a cocooning strategy (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e105DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439203PMC
April 2019
5 Reads

Comparison of Transplant Outcomes for Low-level and Standard-level Tacrolimus at Different Time Points after Kidney Transplantation.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 22;34(12):e103. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Background: Optimal tacrolimus (TAC) trough levels for different periods after kidney transplantation (KT) has not been definitely established. This study aimed to investigate transplant outcomes of low-level (LL) and standard-level (SL) TAC according to post-transplant period.

Methods: A total of 278 consecutive kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) receiving TAC-based immunosuppression were divided into LL and SL-TAC groups (4-7 and 7-12 ng/mL for 0-2 months, 3-6 and 6-10 ng/mL for 3-6 months, 2-5 and 5-8 ng/mL for 7-12 months, respectively) according to TAC trough level at each period. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3346/jkms.2019.3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e103DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439199PMC
April 2019
4 Reads

Appropriate Surveillance Interval after Colonoscopic Polypectomy in Patients Younger than 50 Years.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 20;34(12):e101. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Current postpolypectomy surveillance guidelines are based on studies in patients aged ≥50 years. Equal application of the guidelines in patients aged < 50 years may be unreasonable. We aimed to determine an appropriate surveillance interval after adenoma removal in patients aged < 50 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e101DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439201PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Nkx-2.5 Regulates MDR1 Expression via Its Upstream Promoter in Breast Cancer Cells.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 19;34(12):e100. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Dongguk University, Gyeongju, Korea.

Background: Increased expression of MDR1 gene is one of the major mechanisms responsible for multidrug resistance in cancer cells. Two alternative promoters, upstream and downstream, are responsible for transcription of MDR1 gene in the human. However, the molecular mechanism regarding the transactivation of MDR1 upstream promoter (USP) has not been determined. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3346/jkms.2019.3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e100DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439202PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Fraction Size: a New Paradigm for Radiotherapy Payment.

Authors:
Won Sup Yoon

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Apr 13;34(12):e94. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Ansan, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e94DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439200PMC
April 2019
1.253 Impact Factor

Projection of the Years of Life Lost, Years Lived with Disability, and ​Disability-Adjusted Life Years in Korea for 2030.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 3;34(Suppl 1):e92. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Projection of future trends in disease burden can facilitate setting of priorities for health policies and resource allocation. We report here projections of disease-specific mortality and the burdens of various diseases in Korea from 2016 to 2030.

Methods: Separate age- and sex-specific projection models for 21 major cause clusters from 2016 to 2030 were developed by applying coherent functional data models based on historical trends from 2002 to 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e92DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434152PMC

Regional Differences in Years of Life Lost in Korea from 1997 to 2015.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 27;34(Suppl 1):e91. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Reducing the gaps in health inequality at a regional level and improving health equity have been emphasized in Korea, it is essential to accurately measure the burden of disease by region. This study aimed to estimate years of life lost (YLLs) in 17 Si and Do of Korea from 1997 to 2015 and determine the trends of regional differences in health status and disease structure.

Methods: YLL was calculated by subtracting the age at death from the life expectancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e91DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434157PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Effects of Aging and Smoking Duration on Cigarette Smoke-Induced COPD Severity.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 27;34(Suppl 1):e90. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Public Health, Graduate School, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Aging can serve as an underlying mechanism of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Also, smoking, which is the most common cause of COPD, is responsible for the systemic manifestations of the disease, independently from the lung function alterations. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of aging on the occurrence of cigarette smoking induced COPD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e90DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434146PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

The Korean National Burden of Disease Study: from Evidence to Policy.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 9;34(Suppl 1):e89. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Following the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD), disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) have been widely used as a summary measure of population health. The DALY metric is a comprehensive measurement of population health, enabling comparison among groups. However, the available data and reliance on estimates to supplement the data gap require contextualization at the national level, and the outcomes of which are more appropriate for national policymakers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e89DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434148PMC
March 2019
1 Read

The Trends in Health Life Expectancy in Korea according to Age, Gender, Education Level, and Subregion: Using Quality-Adjusted Life Expectancy Method.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 2;34(Suppl 1):e88. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, Korea.

Background: Quality-adjusted life expectancy (QALE) means life expectancy (LE) reflecting health-related quality of life and is one of the indicators of healthy LE. We determined the trends in QALE in Korea by age, gender, educational level, and subregion from 2005 to 2013.

Methods: We applied the Sullivan method to estimate QALE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e88DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434147PMC

Comparative Research for the Healthcare Budget and Burden of Disease in Perspective Resource Allocation.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 7;34(Suppl 1):e81. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Burden of disease can be used to prioritize the healthcare budget allocation. We analyzed the research and development (R&D) budget of the Ministry of Health and Welfare (MOHW) in 2018 and compared the results with those of the 2015 Korean National Burden of Disease (KNBD) study.

Methods: The 2018 MOHW R&D Project integrated implementation plan was used to analyze the R&D budget of the MOHW. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e81DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434158PMC

Measuring the Economic Burden of Disease and Injury in Korea, 2015.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 7;34(Suppl 1):e80. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Disease burden can be represented by health-related parameters such as disability-adjusted life years and economic burden. Economic burden is an important index, as it estimates the maximum possible cost reduction if a disease is prevented. This study aimed to determine the economic burden of 238 diseases and 22 injuries in Korea in 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e80DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434156PMC

Trends and Patterns of Burden of Disease and Injuries in Korea Using Disability-Adjusted Life Years.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 5;34(Suppl 1):e75. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: It is extremely important to objectively take a view of population health to provide useful information to decision makers, health-sector leaders, researchers, and informed citizens. This study aims to examine the burden of disease in Korea as of 2015, and to study how the burden of disease changes with the passage of time.

Methods: We used results from the Korean National Burden of Disease and Injuries Study 2015 for all-cause mortality, cause-specific mortality, and non-fatal disease burden to derive disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) by gender and age groups from 2007 to 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e75DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434149PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Estimating Lifetime Duration of Diabetes by Age and Gender in the Korean Population Using a Markov Model.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 28;34(Suppl 1):e74. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Duration of type 2 diabetes is clinically important. Duration of morbidity is an independent and critical predictor of developing its complications. This study aims to explore an applicability of a Markov model to estimate the duration of diabetes in the Korean population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e74DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434151PMC

Incidence-Based versus Prevalence-Based Approaches on Measuring Disability-Adjusted Life Years for Injury.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 27;34(Suppl 1):e69. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Injury represents an important aspect of disease that affects everyone at some point in their lives. To better understand and prevent these injuries, various analytical methods have been developed to assess both the magnitude and features of injury burden. In this study, we attempted to estimate the injury burden of Korea in 2014 by comparing the prevalence-based approach used by the Global Burden of Diseases (GBD) team and the World Health Organization against an alternative incidence-based approach, and to assess the different implications of these measurements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e69DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434153PMC

Measuring Health Loss in Australia: the Australian Burden of Disease Study.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 14;34(Suppl 1):e61. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Health Group, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Canberra, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e61DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434150PMC

Disability Weights Measurement for 289 Causes of Disease Considering Disease Severity in Korea.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 14;34(Suppl 1):e60. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: For the Korean Burden of Disease (KBD) 2015 study, we have amended disability weights for causes of disease adapting the methodology of the KBD disability weight 2012 study.

Methods: We conducted a self-administered web-based survey in Korea using ranking five causes of disease. A total of 605 physicians and medical college students who were attending in third or fourth grade of a regular course performed the survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e60DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434154PMC

Cancer Survivors and Returning to Work Perspectives from Occupational Health Physicians in Korea.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 15;34(11):e98. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea.

Background: This study was conducted from an occupational health perspective to document cancer survivors' ability to return to work, the role of clinical care, and the current status of effective return-to-work.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the experiences and opinions of occupational health physicians (OHPs) regarding cancer survivors' return-to-work. A self-reported survey was conducted from December 30, 2015, to January 30, 2016, targeting 337 OHPs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e98DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6427053PMC

Prevalence of Possible Depression and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder among Community Dwelling Adult Refugees and Refugee Applicants in South Korea.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 15;34(11):e97. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Because there has been a recent increase in refugee applications in Korea, the mental health of these refugees merits greater study.

Methods: We surveyed 129 refugees (including those in process of refugee application) and 121 migrant workers living in urban communities, using: the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 for depressive symptoms, the Impact Event Scale-Revised for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and the health questionnaires used in 2016 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). The majority of refugee subjects were from sub-Saharan Africa and Middle East. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e97DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6427049PMC

A Bibliometric Analysis on Tuberculosis Research of Korea from 1979 to 2017.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 11;34(11):e95. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: The prevalence, incidence, and mortality rates of tuberculosis (TB) have declined steadily in Korea since 1965. This study aimed to identify the characteristics and provide quantitative analysis of published medical literatures on TB written by researchers based in Korea.

Methods: We conducted a systematic literature search via the Web of Science database for articles in Science Citation Index (Expanded) journals, on TB, and published by researchers based in Korea, from inception to 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e95DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6427052PMC

Recent Increase of Human Granulocytic Anaplasmosis and Co-Infection with Scrub Typhus or Korean Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome in Korea.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 12;34(11):e87. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Korea.

We report 17 patients with human granulocytic anaplasmosis between January 2015 and September 2018 at two tertiary university hospitals in Korea. Monthly incidence peaked in May and June. Among these patients, we identified three who were co-infected with scrub typhus, and one patient with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e87DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6427050PMC
March 2019
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Deliberate Practice as an Effective Remediation Strategy for Underperforming Medical Students Focused on Clinical Skills: a Prospective Longitudinal Study.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 7;34(11):e84. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: It is critical to develop remedial education for underperforming medical students, but little is known about how to create an effective remediation program. Deliberate practice (DP) is a structured and reflective activity that is designed to optimize performance. Here we applied the concept of DP to create remedial education to improve the clinical practices of medical students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e84DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6427051PMC

Protection against Severe Varicella Disease.

Authors:
Eun Hwa Choi

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 12;34(10):e93. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e93DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417995PMC

Real-Color Volume Models Made from Real-Color Sectioned Images of Visible Korean.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 7;34(10):e86. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Anatomy, Dongguk University School of Medicine, Gyeongju, Korea.

Background: Volume models made from magnetic resonance images on computed tomographs can produce horizontal, coronal, sagittal, and oblique planes that are used widely in clinics, although detailed structures cannot be identified. Existing real color volume models are mostly commercial and their production methods have not been released. The aim of this study was to distribute free of charge, real-color volume models produced from sectioned images with the production method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e86DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417999PMC

The Protective Effect of Exclusive Breastfeeding on Overweight/Obesity in Children with High Birth Weight.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 8;34(10):e85. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Pediatrics, Ewha Womans University Medical Center, Ewha Womans University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: A positive association between birth weight (BW) and body mass index (BMI) has been shown among children in many populations. The aim of this study was to investigate BMI trajectory according to BW status and the protective effect of breastfeeding on the prevalence of overweight/obesity in children 6 years of age.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2016 utilizing data from the National Health Information Database of Korea. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3346/jkms.2019.3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e85DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417996PMC
March 2019
16 Reads

Effects of One-dose Varicella Vaccination on Disease Severity in Children during Outbreaks in Seoul, Korea.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 7;34(10):e83. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Institute of Infectious Disease, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: In Korea, the incidence of varicella has increased despite the introduction of a universal one-dose vaccination for children aged 12-15 months in 2005. A previous study demonstrated that the vaccine effectiveness was insufficient to prevent against varicella. We assessed the effect of the varicella vaccination on disease severity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e83DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417997PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Pathological Characteristics of Prostate Cancer in Men Aged < 50 Years Treated with Radical Prostatectomy: a Multi-Centre Study in Korea.

J Korean Med Sci 2019 Mar 6;34(10):e78. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Urology, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Recently, younger prostate cancer (PCa) patients have been reported to harbour more favourable disease characteristics after radical prostatectomy (RP) than older men. We analysed young men (<50 years) with PCa among the Korean population, paying attention to pathological characteristics on RP specimen and biochemical recurrence (BCR).

Methods: The multi-centre, Severance Urological Oncology Group registry was utilized to identify 622 patients with clinically localized or locally advanced PCa, who were treated with RP between 2001 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e78DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417998PMC
March 2019
1 Read