19,668 results match your criteria Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition [Journal]


Condition-Dependent Begging Elicits Increased Parental Investment in a Wild Bird Population.

Am Nat 2019 May 14;193(5):725-737. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

The coevolution of parental supply and offspring demand has long been thought to involve offspring need driving begging and parental care, leaving other hypotheses underexplored. In a population of wild birds, we experimentally tested whether begging serves as a negatively condition-dependent signal of need or a positively condition-dependent signal of quality. Across multiple years, we supplemented nestling house wrens with food shortly after hatching and simultaneously manipulated corticosterone levels to simulate the hunger-induced increase in glucocorticoids thought to mediate begging. Read More

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https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/10.1086/702848
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/702848DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

The effect of alternative feeding strategies for broiler breeder pullets: 1. Welfare and performance during rearing.

Poult Sci 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Animal Biosciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada.

Broiler breeders have impaired reproductive performance when fed to satiety but they can achieve an optimal hatching egg production under feed restriction. Feed restriction is a welfare concern due to signs of hunger, lack of satiety, and frustrated feeding motivation. The objective of this research was to examine the effect of a rationed alternative diet and non-daily feeding schedules on the performance and welfare of broiler breeder pullets reared under simulated commercial conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3382/ps/pez170DOI Listing

Time orientation mediates the link between hunger and hedonic choices across domains.

Food Res Int 2019 Jun 20;120:124-129. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Aarhus University, Department of Management/MAPP, Fuglesangs Allé 4, 8210 Aarhus V, Denmark. Electronic address:

This study investigated the link between hunger and individuals' inclination to make hedonic choices in several distinct consumption domains. Participants made a set of binary choices between hedonic and utilitarian items, both from the food domain (for example, between chocolate and carrots) and from domains unassociated with food (for instance, between an apartment with a nice view and an apartment close to work). Next, participants indicated their hunger level, after which they replied to items measuring time orientation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.02.032DOI Listing

Environmental impacts of dietary quality improvement in China.

J Environ Manage 2019 Apr 15;240:518-526. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Institute for Interdisciplinary Information Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.

Dietary-related risks rank top among all the health risks in many countries. The 2nd United Nations Sustainable Development Goal aims to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture. Yet whether improving nutritional quality also benefits the environment is still under-explored, particularly for developing countries. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03014797193041
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.03.106DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

A pilot study of acceptance-based behavioural weight loss for adolescents with obesity.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Apr 17:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychiatry,University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine,Philadelphia, PA,USA.

Background: Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is a psychological treatment that has been found to increase weight loss in adults when combined with lifestyle modification, compared with the latter treatment alone. However, an ACT-based treatment for weight loss has never been tested in adolescents.

Methods: The present pilot study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of a 16-week, group ACT-based lifestyle modification treatment for adolescents and their parents/guardians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000262DOI Listing

Siglec-9 regulates an effector memory CD8+ T-cell subset that congregates in the melanoma tumor microenvironment.

Cancer Immunol Res 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Institute of pharmacology, University of Bern

Emerging evidence suggests an immunosuppressive role of altered tumor glycosylation due to downregulation of innate immune responses via immunoregulatory Siglecs. In contrast, human T cells, a major anti-cancer effector cell, only rarely express Siglecs. However, here, we report that the majority of intratumoral, but not peripheral blood, cytotoxic CD8+ T cells expressed Siglec-9 in melanoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/2326-6066.CIR-18-0505DOI Listing

A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study to Assess Effects of a Daily Pistachio (Pistacia Vera) Afternoon Snack on Next-Meal Energy Intake, Satiety, and Anthropometry in French Women.

Nutrients 2019 Apr 2;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Food To Fit Ltd., London KT1 4AE, UK.

Including nuts in the diet improves appetite control and does not lead to weight gain. However, for pistachios, evidence from randomized intervention studies is limited and there are no data on the effect of pistachios on satiety. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of daily consumption of pistachios as an afternoon snack on satiety, self-reported energy, self-reported nutrient intake, body weight, and body composition. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/11/4/767
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040767DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Caregiver feeding practices and child weight outcomes: a systematic review.

Am J Clin Nutr 2019 Mar;109(Supplement_7):990S-1002S

US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Rockville, MD.

Background: As part of the USDA-Department of Health and Human Services Pregnancy and Birth to 24 Months Project, we conducted systematic reviews (SRs) on topics important for health and nutrition of young children.

Objectives: The purpose of the present SR was to examine the relation between caregiver feeding practices in children from birth to 24 mo and child weight gain, size, and body composition.

Methods: A search of articles published from January 1980 to January 2017 in 4 databases identified 8739 references. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqy276DOI Listing
March 2019
6.770 Impact Factor

Food-Cal: development of a controlled database of high and low calorie food matched with non-food pictures.

Eat Weight Disord 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Univ. Grenoble Alpes/Univ. Savoie Mont-Blanc, LPNC, CNRS UMR 5105, 38000, Grenoble, France.

Background: Industrialization has led to more varied and attractive high-calorie foods. Health problems such as obesity and diabetes are partially attributed to eating-related self-regulation difficulties that may be caused by increasingly frequent cues for highly palatable foods. Research studies aim at understanding the factors underlying responses to food cues. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40519-019-00687-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40519-019-00687-8DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

The Academic, Behavioral, and Health Influence of Summer Child Nutrition Programs: A Narrative Review and Proposed Research and Policy Agenda.

J Acad Nutr Diet 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Since 1975, the US Department of Agriculture has sponsored the Summer Food Service Program as a nationwide strategy for providing nutritious meals to children and youth (aged 18 years or younger) in low-income communities during the summer months. Many programs are sponsored by community organizations as well as school districts that may offer the program through the Summer Food Service Program or a seamless waiver, allowing them to extend school meals programs into the summer. These summer nutrition programs are designed to decrease food insecurity and improve health outcomes among at-risk populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2019.02.006DOI Listing

Epigenetic silencing of SOCS5 potentiates JAK-STAT signaling and progression of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Cancer Sci 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Pediatrics, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.

Activating mutations in cytokine receptors and transcriptional regulators govern aberrant signal transduction in T-cell lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). However, the roles played by suppressors of cytokine signaling remain incompletely understood. We examined the regulatory roles of SOCS5 in T-ALL cellular signaling networks and leukemia progression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cas.14021DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Cannabis and amphetamine use and socio-ecological (proximal and distal) factors among school-going adolescents in four countries in the Caribbean and four countries in South America.

Int J Adolesc Med Health 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Research Innovation and Development, University of Limpopo, Polokwane, South Africa.

The study aimed to assess the prevalence of cannabis and amphetamine use and socio-ecological (proximal and distal) factors among adolescents in eight countries of the Americas. We analysed cross-sectional survey data from 44,904 adolescents [mean age 14.6 years, standard deviation (SD) = 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0030DOI Listing

Associations between Weight Loss, Food Likes, Dietary Behaviors, and Chemosensory Function in Bariatric Surgery: A Case-Control Analysis in Women.

Nutrients 2019 Apr 9;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Allied Health Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA.

We tested the hypothesis that successful weight loss post-bariatric surgery would be associated with healthier chemosensory function, food likes, and dietary behaviors than either unsuccessful weight loss or pre-surgery morbid obesity. In a case-control design, pre-surgical women with morbid obesity ( = 49) were compared with those 1-year post-surgery (24 Roux-en-Y Bypass, 24 Sleeve Gastrectomy) and defined by excess or percent weight loss as successful/unsuccessful. For self-reported smell/taste perception, more post-surgery than pre-surgery reported improved/distorted perception, especially if weight loss successful. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040804DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Restricting carbohydrates at breakfast is sufficient to reduce 24-hour exposure to postprandial hyperglycemia and improve glycemic variability.

Am J Clin Nutr 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

School of Health and Exercise Sciences, University of British Columbia, Okanagan, Canada.

Background: The breakfast meal often results in the largest postprandial hyperglycemic excursion in people with type 2 diabetes.

Objective: Our purpose was to investigate whether restricting carbohydrates at breakfast would be a simple and feasible strategy to reduce daily exposure to postprandial hyperglycemia.

Design: Adults with physician-diagnosed type 2 diabetes [n = 23; mean ± SD age: 59 ± 11 y; glycated hemoglobin: 6. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/advance-article/doi/10.1093/aj
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqy261DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Design of Nanorobots for Exposing Cancer Cells.

Nanotechnology 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Ilse Katz Institute of Nano-Scale Science and Technology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Southern, ISRAEL.

We discuss in detail, the design of a nanorobot which can navigate, detect cancer cells in the blood and actuate the exposure of drugs. The nanorobot is designed with blood energy harvesting capability and the accumulation of electricity in a capacitor, that forms the main body of the nanorobot. Glucose hunger-based cancer detectors immobilized on a carbon nanotube (CNT) sensor, reduces its electrical resistance, when attached to a cancer cell. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6528/ab1770DOI Listing

Application of latent profile analysis to define subgroups of parenting styles and food parenting practices.

Appetite 2019 Apr 6;139:8-18. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota Medical School, 717 Delaware St. S.E. Suite 400, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA. Electronic address:

Food parenting practices and parenting styles are associated with child weight status, dietary intake, and eating behaviors. Although parents maintain a parenting style while also engaging in food parenting practices day-to-day, most studies have examined the separate impact of these two constructs on child outcomes. An examination of both practices and styles will facilitate the identification of how they mutually co-exist and influence child weight and weight-related outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2019.04.001DOI Listing

Dealing with Too Little: The Direct Experience of Scarcity does not Affect Snack Intake.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Wageningen University & Research, The Netherlands.

Background: The experience of scarcity provides an explanation for the relatively unhealthy diets of people with low income. Causal evidence for an effect of direct experiences of scarcity on eating behaviour is lacking.

Methods: Two studies (N = 81, N = 115) tested and refined a self-developed trade-off task, in which participants' resources were restricted (scarcity condition) or unrestricted (no-scarcity condition), for manipulating experiences of scarcity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12163DOI Listing

Bortezomib reinduction chemotherapy in high-risk ALL in first relapse: a report from the Children's Oncology Group.

Br J Haematol 2019 Apr 7. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

Department of Pediatrics and the Center for Childhood Cancer Research, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

While survival in paediatric acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is excellent, survival following relapse is poor. Previous studies suggest proteasome inhibition with chemotherapy improves relapse ALL response rates. This phase 2 Children's Oncology Group study tested the hypothesis that adding the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib to chemotherapy increases complete response rates (CR2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.15919DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Ultrafast in situ forming poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(amido amine) hydrogels with tunable drug release properties via controllable degradation rates.

Eur J Pharm Biopharm 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

IBMM, Université de Montpellier, CNRS, ENSCM, Faculté de Pharmacie, 15 avenue Charles Flahault, BP14491, 34093 Montpellier cedex 5, France.

Fast in situ forming, chemically crosslinked hydrogels were prepared by the amidation reaction between N-succinimidyl ester end groups of multi-armed poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and amino surface groups of poly(amido amine) (PAMAM) dendrimer generation 2.0. To control the properties of the PEG/PAMAM hydrogels, PEGs were used with different arm numbers (4 or 8) as well as different linkers (amide or ester) between the PEG arms and their terminal N-succinimidyl ester groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpb.2019.04.006DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The role of artificial nutrition in gynecological cancer therapy.

Ginekol Pol 2019 ;90(3):167-172

Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Gynecologic Oncology, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Cancer patients are at risk of developing malnutrition from underlying disease as well as from cancer treatment. Moreover, weight loss is considered as a predictive factor for disease progression and shorter survival time. As many as 10-20% of patients with cancer die from the results of malnutrition, instead of from the cancer itself. Read More

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https://journals.viamedica.pl/ginekologia_polska/article/vie
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/GP.2019.0027DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Five Years Later: The Impact of a Hunger Strike on Undocumented Migrant Workers in Brussels.

J Immigr Minor Health 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 103, 1090, Brussels, Belgium.

Five years after a hunger strike of undocumented migrant workers, participants were interviewed to find out about the long term consequences and what the post-factum evaluation of their participation was. A longitudinal observational study was set up, interviewing 46 of the 100 ex-hunger strikers and combining quantitative and qualitative research. This grassroots study shows that one out of six did not derive any benefit from their participation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10903-019-00886-6DOI Listing

Thirst regulates motivated behavior through modulation of brainwide neural population dynamics.

Science 2019 Apr 4;364(6437):253. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.

Physiological needs produce motivational drives, such as thirst and hunger, that regulate behaviors essential to survival. Hypothalamic neurons sense these needs and must coordinate relevant brainwide neuronal activity to produce the appropriate behavior. We studied dynamics from ~24,000 neurons in 34 brain regions during thirst-motivated choice behavior in 21 mice as they consumed water and became sated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aav3932DOI Listing

Is reducing appetite beneficial for body weight management in the context of overweight and obesity? A systematic review and meta-analysis from clinical trials assessing body weight management after exposure to satiety enhancing and/or hunger reducing products.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Section for Obesity Research, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

This review aims to investigate whether interventions that enhance satiety and/or reduce hunger lead to beneficial effects on body weight management in the context of overweight and obesity. A comprehensive review protocol was prepared before conducting a systematic search in PubMed identifying 517 papers with 12 meeting the inclusion criteria. A thorough risk of bias assessment was performed based on the Cochrane collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12854DOI Listing

Excessive Consumption of Sugar: an Insatiable Drive for Reward.

Curr Nutr Rep 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Eating behavior provides energy to ensure proper functioning of the organism. Reward aids in seeking foods that bring energy and pleasant taste, whose consumption is safe. As evidenced by the obesity "epidemic" which largely stems from overeating, reward becomes a detriment when palatable tastants are available in unlimited quantities. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13668-019-0270-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13668-019-0270-5DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Agricultural investments and hunger in Africa modeling potential contributions to SDG2 - Zero Hunger.

World Dev 2019 Apr;116:38-53

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington, D.C., USA.

We use IFPRI's IMPACT framework of linked biophysical and structural economic models to examine developments in global agricultural production systems, climate change, and food security. Building on related work on how increased investment in agricultural research, resource management, and infrastructure can address the challenges of meeting future food demand, we explore the costs and implications of these investments for reducing hunger in Africa by 2030. This analysis is coupled with a new investment estimation model, based on the perpetual inventory methodology (PIM), which allows for a better assessment of the costs of achieving projected agricultural improvements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2018.12.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358118PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Potato product form impacts in vitro starch digestibility and glucose transport but only modestly impacts 24 h blood glucose response in humans.

Food Funct 2019 Apr;10(4):1846-1855

Plants for Human Health Institute, North Carolina State University, Kannapolis, NC 28081, USA.

Potatoes are rich in phenolic compounds which have been reported to impact starch digestion and intestinal glucose transport in model systems through phenolic-starch interactions. While these effects are well documented for pigmented potatoes and in model systems, the relevance of phenolics to the glycemic properties of processed colorless potato-based foods under naturalistic conditions remains unclear. This study assessed impacts of processing on phenolic concentrations, resistant starch content and glycemic properties of Russet Burbank and Shepody potatoes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8fo02530dDOI Listing

Child Life Specialists' Experiences Addressing Social Determinants of Health: A Web-Based Survey.

Clin Pediatr (Phila) 2019 Apr 2:9922819839233. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

5 Department of Child Life Services, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

We used Google Forms to survey 110 child life specialists on their experiences addressing family psychosocial issues. Most respondents were female (99%) and white (95%), with mean age 34 ± 10 years. Ninety-five percent reported addressing family psychosocial issues during the previous 3 months, including parental separation/divorce (71%), poverty/financial needs (64%), parental mental illness (59%), substance abuse at home (54%), homelessness/housing problems (54%), bullying (49%), physical neglect (46%), physical abuse (46%), unemployment (46%), emotional neglect (45%), and hunger/food insecurity (42%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0009922819839233DOI Listing

Genome-wide association study of susceptibility loci for T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children.

J Natl Cancer Inst 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA.

Background: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common cancer in children and can arise in B or T lymphoid lineages. Although risk loci have been identified for B-ALL, the inherited basis of T-ALL is mostly unknown, with a particular paucity of genome-wide investigation of susceptibility variants in large patient cohorts.

Methods: We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in 1,191 children with T-ALL and 12,178 control subjects, with independent replication using 117 cases and 5,518 controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jnci/djz043DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Bariatric Embolization of Arteries for the Treatment of Obesity (BEAT Obesity) Trial: Results at 1 Year.

Radiology 2019 Apr 2:182354. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

From the Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science (C.R.W., J.V., B.P.H., O.A., F.N., K.P., K.H., T.D., H.Z., D.L.K.), Department of Medicine (E.J.S.), Department of Surgery (K.E.S.), and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences (T.H.M.), The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287; Department of Health, Behavior, and Society (L.J.C.) and Department of Biostatistics (R.E.T.), The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD; The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD (G.O.A., S.B.); Department of Radiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY (A.M.F., R.S.P.); and Department of Radiology, Piedmont Healthcare, Atlanta, GA (A.A.).

Background Bariatric embolization is a new endovascular procedure to treat patients with obesity. However, the safety and efficacy of bariatric embolization are unknown. Purpose To evaluate the safety and efficacy of bariatric embolization in severely obese adults at up to 12 months after the procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2019182354DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Eating Rewards the Gears of the Clock.

Authors:
Jorge Mendoza

Trends Endocrinol Metab 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Institute of Cellular and Integrative Neurosciences, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CNRS UPR-3212, 8 allée du Général Rouvillois, 67000 Strasbourg, France. Electronic address:

Eating behavior is regulated by metabolic and hedonic brain networks, which interact with each other to balance the physiological regulation of hunger and satiety. The daily balance of this regulation is controlled by the central circadian clock. Importantly, metabolic and reward properties of food impact the functioning of circadian clocks, altering the oscillatory activity of the molecular clockwork and circadian rhythms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tem.2019.03.001DOI Listing

Mental Health Issues in Madhya Pradesh: Insights from National Mental Health Survey of India 2016.

Healthcare (Basel) 2019 Mar 31;7(2). Epub 2019 Mar 31.

Department of Community and Family Medicine, 2nd Floor, College Building, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Saket Nagar, Bhopal 462020, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Background: About 14% of the global mental health burden is contributed by India. However, there exists a disparity in mental health patterns, utilization, and prioritization among various Indian states. The state of Madhya Pradesh is a low performer among Indian states, ranking lower than the national average on the Human Development Index, Hunger Index, and Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/healthcare7020053DOI Listing

Food Insecurity Is Associated with Mild Cognitive Impairment among Middle-Aged and Older Adults in South Africa: Findings from a Nationally Representative Survey.

Nutrients 2019 Mar 30;11(4). Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental, CIBERSAM, 28029 Madrid, Spain.

There are no studies on the association between food insecurity and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Thus, cross-sectional, community-based data on individuals aged ≥50 years from the World Health Organization's Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health (SAGE) conducted in South Africa (2007⁻2008) were analyzed to assess this association. The definition of MCI was based on the National Institute on Ageing-Alzheimer's Association criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040749DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
3.148 Impact Factor

Difficulties in Translating Appetite Sensations Effect of Turmeric-Based Beverage When Given Prior to Isoenergetic Medium- or High-Fat Meals in Healthy Subjects.

Nutrients 2019 Mar 29;11(4). Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Food for Health Science Centre, Lund University, P.O. Box 124, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden.

The established effect of turmeric and its curcuminoids on appetite sensations was previously shown to be mediated by gut hormones release. In in vitro and preclinical studies, curcumin was shown to induce GLP-1 secretion and improve postprandial glycemia. In humans, consumption of 220 mL turmeric-based beverage (TUR, containing 185 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)) prior to white wheat bread (WWB, 50 g available carbohydrate) reduced early postprandial glucose levels and induced peptide tyrosine⁻tyrosine (PYY) release, as well as lowered 'desire to eat' and 'prospective consumption' in a postprandial setting, compared to control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040736DOI Listing

State-dependent foraging among social fish in a risky environment.

Oecologia 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University, 8410501, Beer Sheva, Israel.

In the presence of a predator, foraging is a dangerous task. Social individuals can respond to risk by forming groups, benefiting from enhanced collective anti-predator behavior but suffering from increased conspicuousness to predators. Within groups, individuals exhibit variable foraging behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00442-019-04395-zDOI Listing

Perceptions of a large amount of food based on binge-eating disorder diagnosis.

Int J Eat Disord 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Objective: This study examined what adults with binge-eating disorder (BED) and obesity perceived as the threshold for a large amount of food and how their evaluations compared to ratings by participants with obesity but without BED.

Method: This was a cross-sectional study of 150 participants with obesity. BED was assessed using the Questionnaire on Eating and Weight Patterns and confirmed via interview. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23076DOI Listing

Comparison of surgical versus diet-induced weight loss on appetite regulation and metabolic health outcomes.

Physiol Rep 2019 Apr;7(7):e14048

Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado.

Bariatric surgery is associated with significant and sustained weight loss and improved metabolic outcomes. It is unclear if weight loss alone is the main mechanism of improved metabolic health. The purpose of this trial was to compare indices of appetite regulation, insulin sensitivity and energy intake (EI) between participants achieving 10 kg of weight loss via Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) or dietary restriction (DIET); intake of a very low calorie liquid diet (800 kcal/d; 40% protein, 40% fat, 20% carbohydrate that matched the post-RYGB dietary protocol). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14814/phy2.14048DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440915PMC

Genomic subtyping and therapeutic targeting of acute erythroleukemia.

Nat Genet 2019 04 29;51(4):694-704. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Pathology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, USA.

Acute erythroid leukemia (AEL) is a high-risk leukemia of poorly understood genetic basis, with controversy regarding diagnosis in the spectrum of myelodysplasia and myeloid leukemia. We compared genomic features of 159 childhood and adult AEL cases with non-AEL myeloid disorders and defined five age-related subgroups with distinct transcriptional profiles: adult, TP53 mutated; NPM1 mutated; KMT2A mutated/rearranged; adult, DDX41 mutated; and pediatric, NUP98 rearranged. Genomic features influenced outcome, with NPM1 mutations and HOXB9 overexpression being associated with a favorable prognosis and TP53, FLT3 or RB1 alterations associated with poor survival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41588-019-0375-1DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
29.352 Impact Factor

Effects of liraglutide on appetite, food preoccupation, and food liking: results of a randomized controlled trial.

Int J Obes (Lond) 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Psychiatry, Center for Weight and Eating Disorders, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Some weight loss medications, including liraglutide 3.0 mg, are thought to facilitate weight loss by improving appetite control. However, no studies have evaluated their long-term appetitive effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41366-019-0348-6DOI Listing
March 2019
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Development of a new questionnaire to assess the links between children's self-regulation of eating and related parental feeding practices.

Appetite 2019 Mar 26;138:174-183. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Centre des Sciences du Goût et de L'Alimentation, AgroSup Dijon, CNRS, INRA, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, F-21000, Dijon, France.

Young children have an innate ability to self-regulate food intake, driven primarily by hunger and satiety cues, but this ability tends to decrease during early childhood. The study aimed to first examine the development and initial validation of a self-report questionnaire suitable for French samples that assess two dimensions of children's self-regulation of eating (eating in the absence of hunger, poor eating compensation abilities) and potential related parental feeding practices. The second aim was to assess the links between children's self-regulation of eating and parental feeding practices as well as the links between children's self-regulation and children's body mass index. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2019.03.029DOI Listing
March 2019
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Socio-Economic Inequalities in Adolescent Summer Holiday Experiences, and Mental Wellbeing on Return to School: Analysis of the School Health Research Network/Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children Survey in Wales.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Mar 28;16(7). Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Centre for the Development and Evaluation of Complex Interventions for Public Health Improvement (DECIPHer), School of Social Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3BD, UK.

The socioeconomic inequalities found in child and adolescent mental wellbeing are increasingly acknowledged. Although interventions increasingly focus on school holidays as a critical period for intervention to reduce inequalities, no studies have modelled the role of summer holiday experiences in explaining socioeconomic inequalities in wellbeing. For this study, we analysed survey data of 103,971 adolescents from 193 secondary schools in Wales, United Kingdom, which included measures of family affluence, experiences during the summer holidays (hunger, loneliness, time with friends and physical activity) and mental wellbeing and internalising symptoms on return to school. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071107DOI Listing

Six Weeks of Morning Fasting Causes Little Adaptation of Metabolic or Appetite Responses to Feeding in Adults with Obesity.

Obesity (Silver Spring) 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UK.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of sustained morning fasting or breakfast consumption on metabolism, energy intake, and appetite in healthy adults with obesity.

Methods: An independent-measures randomized controlled trial with baseline and follow-up laboratory assessment days separated by a 6-week intervention of either morning fasting (0 kcal until 12:00 pm) or daily breakfast (> 700 kcal by 11:00 am) was performed. Measures included metabolic outcomes (glucose, insulin, nonesterified fatty acids), hormones regulating appetite (total/acylated ghrelin, peptide YY, leptin), and energy expenditure (diet-induced thermogenesis) parameters throughout a laboratory test day and ad libitum intake following a fixed breakfast. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.22452DOI Listing
March 2019
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3.734 Impact Factor

[Helping a Preterm Infant Through the Transitional Feeding Period Using a Cue-Based Feeding Approach of Developmental Care].

Hu Li Za Zhi 2019 Apr;66(2):101-106

PhD, RN, Professor and President, National Tainan Junior College of Nursing, and Professor, Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan, ROC.

The aim of this case report was to identify the optimal point to start oral feeding in order to help a preterm infant successfully pass through the transitional feeding period. Because all preterm infants must go through a transitional feeding period, going through this period successfully is very important. This case report described a nursing experience related to caring for a low-birth-weight preterm infant who showed hunger cues before feeding at around 31gestational weeks during the tube-feeding period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6224/JN.201904_66(2).13DOI Listing

The frontier between nutrition and pharma: The international regulatory framework of functional foods, food supplements and nutraceuticals.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2019 Mar 29:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

a Nutrition and Food Science Department, Pharmacy Faculty , Complutense University of Madrid (UCM) , Madrid , Spain.

The link between diet and human health status has been repeatedly proved by strong scientific evidence, and developed societies demand food products with an added value beyond the satisfaction of hunger and the provision of nutrients. Functional foods, food supplements and nutraceuticals are at the interface between nutrition and pharma and opens the doors for seeking new therapeutic alternatives for the prevention of nutrition-related diseases. The present review is aimed at clarifying the differences between functional foods, food supplements and nutraceuticals as well as describing its regulatory framework in Europe, United States and Japan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2019.1592107DOI Listing

Associations between inhibitory control, eating behaviours and adiposity in 6-year-old children.

Int J Obes (Lond) 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Clinical Nutrition Research Centre, Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), National University Health System, Singapore, Singapore.

Background: Lower inhibitory control has been associated with obesity. One prediction is that lower inhibitory control underlies eating behaviours that promote increased energy intakes. This study examined the relationships between children's inhibitory control measured using the Stop Signal Task (SST), body composition and eating behaviours, which included self-served portion size, number of servings, eating rate, and energy intake at lunch and in an eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41366-019-0343-yDOI Listing

Association between Adverse Childhood Experiences and Muscle Strength in Older Age.

Gerontology 2019 Mar 28:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Swiss NCCR "LIVES - Overcoming Vulnerability: Life Course Perspectives," University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Muscle weakness - a biomarker of health - may have its origins in early life and be related to factors such as adverse childhood experiences (ACE), which refer to a set of early-life traumatic and stressful psychosocial events out of the child's control. To date, evidence of an association between ACE and muscle strength in older age is lacking. -Objective: Here, we assessed the associations between ACE during the first 15 years of life and the risk of low muscle strength (LMS) later in life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494972DOI Listing

The Scavenger Receptor CD68 Regulates Platelet Mediated Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein (oxLDL) Deposition in Atherosclerotic Vessels at an Early Stage of Atherosclerosis in LDLR/ApoBec Mice.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2019 ;52(4):681-695

AdvanceCOR, Martinsried, Germany,

Background/aims: Oxidative modifications of low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) play a key role in initial steps of atheroprogression possibly via specific scavenger receptors on inflammatory and endothelial cells. Amongst others, CD68 might play a crucial role in this leading to fatty streak formation.

Methods: Different CD68-Fc fusion proteins were cloned, expressed and tested in vitro for their oxLDL binding properties as a decoy for endogenous oxLDL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.33594/000000048DOI Listing
April 2019
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Assessment of welfare indicators in dairy farms offering pasture at differing levels.

Animal 2019 Mar 28:1-12. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

2Faculty of Science and Technology, Free University of Bozen-Bolzano,39100 Bozen,Italy.

In terms of animal welfare, farming systems of dairy cows are perceived positively by consumers when compared to pigs or poultry. A main reason is that the majority of consumers associate dairy farming with pasture, which in turn they relate with benefits for animal health and welfare. However, holistic scientific assessments of the effects of pasturing on animal welfare are rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1751731119000570DOI Listing

Biological Response to Meal Ingestion: Gender Differences.

Nutrients 2019 Mar 26;11(3). Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Digestive System Research Unit, University Hospital Vall d'Hebron; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas (Ciberehd), Departament de Medicina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra (Cerdanyola del Vallès), Spain.

In a previous study, we demonstrated that women enjoyed and tolerated lower meal loads than men. Hence, we hypothesized that with the same meal load, their postprandial response is more pronounced than in men. We performed a randomized parallel trial in 12 women and 12 men comparing the postprandial responses to a palatable comfort meal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11030702DOI Listing

Effects of Hunger on Visual Perception in Binocular Rivalry.

Front Psychol 2019 12;10:418. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics (MOE and STCSM), Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.

The effect of hunger on visual perception is largely absent from contemporary vision science. Using a well-established visual phenomenon termed binocular rivalry, this study was carried out to investigate the effects of hunger on visual perception. A within-subject design was applied in which participants attended two sessions before and after their lunch or dinner, i. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00418
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00418DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423071PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

Neural basis of hunger-driven behaviour in Drosophila.

Open Biol 2019 Mar;9(3):180259

1 Institute of Molecular Biology, Academia Sinica , Taipei , Taiwan, Republic of China.

Hunger is a motivational state that drives eating and food-seeking behaviour. In a psychological sense, hunger sets the goal that guides an animal in the pursuit of food. The biological basis underlying this purposive, goal-directed nature of hunger has been under intense investigation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsob.180259DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451361PMC