1,287 results match your criteria Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics[Journal]


Caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee consumption and risk of all-cause mortality: a dose-response meta-analysis of cohort studies.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, China.

Background: Previous meta-analysis showed an inverse association between coffee consumption and all-cause mortality. However, the relationship between caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee consumption and all-cause mortality is inconsistent. We aimed to identify and review the published evidence updating the association between coffee consumption and all-cause mortality and, furthermore, to investigate the association of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee consumption and all-cause mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12633DOI Listing
February 2019

Effect of a novel supplementary porridge on the nutritional status of infants and young children diagnosed with moderate acute malnutrition in Uganda: a cluster randomised control trial.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

College of Agriculture, Engineering and Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.

Background: Moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and anaemia are prevalent among infants and young children (IYC) in Uganda. A lack of consensus regarding the most effective strategy for managing MAM among IYC resulted in the present study comparing the effect of malted sorghum-based porridge (MSBP) (an active malt, extruded maize and soy sorghum supplementary porridge developed for the purpose of the present study) as an intervention versus an extruded maize and soy micronutrient fortified blend (CSB+) as a control and current standard care. Outcome measures were anthropometric status and haemoglobin levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12635DOI Listing
February 2019

Vitamin D-supplemented yogurt drink reduces Candida infections in a paediatric intensive care unit: a randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Nursing Department, Wuxi Children's Hospital, Wuxi, China.

Background: The prevalence of Candida infections in paediatric intensive care units (PICUs) has dramatically increased as a result of resistance to conventional anti-fungal treatments. Because vitamin D has been shown to exhibit fungicidal activity against Candida infection in an in vitro antimicrobial screening, we aimed to investigate the effect of vitamin D on Candida infections in the PICU.

Methods: Four hundred sixteen eligible children aged between 12 months to 5 years old admitted to the PICU, who were on broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy, participated in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12634DOI Listing
February 2019

Do stroke patients screened as lower-nutritional-risk still receive dietitian assessment if indicated? A retrospective evaluation of two dietetic models of care for adult stroke patients.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Nutrition and Dietetics Department, Logan Hospital, Meadowbrook, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Dietetic models of care at Logan Hospital changed from all patients with a confirmed stroke receiving dietitian assessment (Old pathway) to only those patients screened as high-nutritional-risk (Modified pathway). However, it was unknown whether all low-nutritional-risk patients who were indicated for dietitian assessment for nutrition support actually received assessment. This pre-post retrospective study evaluated whether the Old pathway and the Modified pathway were equally effective in identifying low-nutritional-risk stroke patients who were indicated for dietitian assessment and compared the time spent providing Dietetic care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12619DOI Listing
January 2019

Changes in dietary intake, plasma carotenoids and erythrocyte membrane fatty acids in breast cancer survivors after a lifestyle intervention: results from a single-arm trial.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Unit of Nutrition and Cancer, Cancer Epidemiology Research Program, Catalan Institute of Oncology-IDIBELL, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: The influence of nutrition on breast cancer prognosis is still inconclusive and therefore dietary interventions incorporating dietary biomarkers are needed to confirm compliance with dietary goals and clarify biological mechanisms. The present study assessed whether a lifestyle intervention in breast cancer survivors could affect dietary biomarkers of fruit and vegetables and fatty acids.

Methods: In this phase II single-arm trial, 37 overweight/obese early stage breast cancer patients completed a 12-week diet and exercise intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12621DOI Listing
January 2019
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Preparing our future workforce: a qualitative exploration of dietetics practice educators' experiences.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.

Background: Dietetics practice educators are instrumental in the development of future dietitians. The present study aimed to explore dietetics practice educators' experiences of, and challenges faced in, dietetics workforce preparation.

Methods: This study was guided by interpretive description methodology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12620DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

The tension between efficiency and effectiveness: a study of dietetic practice in primary care.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Allied Health Sciences, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Primary healthcare dietitians have a vital role to play in the prevention and management of chronic disease. Working in primary care requires efficient and effective management of practice to ensure client and practitioner needs are met. The present study aimed to explore the way in which primary care dietitians in Australia view the constructs of efficiency and effectiveness within the context of their practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12617DOI Listing
January 2019

Differences in dietary composition between infants introduced to complementary foods using Baby-led weaning and traditional spoon feeding.

Authors:
H Rowan M Lee A Brown

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 25;32(1):11-20. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

Department of Public Health, Policy and Social Sciences, College of Human and Health Sciences, Swansea University, Swansea, UK.

Background: Baby-led weaning (BLW) is a method of introducing solid foods to infants, which centres around the infant self-feeding family foods. BLW has grown in popularity over the last 10 years; however, although research is starting to build around the safety and impact of the method, research examining intake is sparse. This is important because concerns have been raised by healthcare providers regarding the nutrient and energy sufficiency of BLW. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12616DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Filling the intervention gap: service evaluation of an intensive nonsurgical weight management programme for severe and complex obesity.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

Background: Weight management including formula total diet replacement (TDR) is emerging as an effective intervention for severe and complex obesity, particularly with respect to type 2 diabetes (T2DM). However, no prospective audit and service evaluation of such programmes have been reported.

Methods: Following initial feasibility piloting, the Counterweight-Plus programme was commissioned across a variety of healthcare providers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12611DOI Listing
November 2018

Patient and carer experience of blended diet via gastrostomy: a qualitative study.

Authors:
G Phillips

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Leicestershire Partnership NHS Trust, Leicester, Leicestershire, UK.

Background: Home enteral feeding is becoming increasingly prevalent within the UK. The use of commercial prescription formula is considered best practice; however, increasingly, patients are choosing to use blended diet via gastrostomy. There is anecdotal evidence suggesting both physical and social benefits, although there are concerns regarding the safety and efficacy of this method of feeding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12614DOI Listing
December 2018

Food insecurity and food preparation equipment in US households: exploratory results from a cross-sectional questionnaire.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA.

Background: Food insecurity (FI) impacted 15.7% (5.9 million) of US households with children in 2017. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jhn.12615
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12615DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Practical measurement of body composition using bioelectrical impedance, air displacement plethysmography and ultrasound in stable outpatients with short bowel syndrome receiving home parenteral nutrition: comparison of agreement between the methods.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

Background: People diagnosed with intestinal failure (IF) as a result of short bowel syndrome are dependent on home parenteral nutrition (HPN). Measuring nutritional status is essential for monitoring treatment. The present study aimed to determine the agreement and feasibility of three methods bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), ultrasound and air displacement plethysmography (ADP) for measuring body composition in people receiving HPN. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12613DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was positively associated with micronutrient adequacy and negatively associated with dietary energy density among adolescents.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 13;32(1):41-52. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Nutrition Division, Public Health Services, Ministry of Health, Jerusalem, Israel.

Background: The possible associations between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and micronutrient and energy intakes are unknown among Israeli adolescents.

Methods: A cross-sectional, nationally representative, school-based study was conducted in Israeli adolescents. Schoolchildren (n = 5005), aged 11-18 years, who completed a food frequency questionnaire and had complete data to compose a 14-item modified KIDMED score were included. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jhn.12602
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12602DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

International survey on growth indices and impacting factors in children with food allergies.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, Colorado, USA.

Background: Elimination diets required for the management of food allergies increase the risk for poor growth in children. Currently, no worldwide data exist on this topic and limited published data exist on the impact of atopic comorbidity, type of allergy and foods eliminated on growth. We therefore set out to perform a worldwide survey on growth and impacting factors in food allergic children. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jhn.12610
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12610DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Efficacy of a Mediterranean diet supplemented with fatty fish in ameliorating inflammation in paediatric asthma: a randomised controlled trial.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Rehabilitation, Nutrition & Sport, School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Background: Childhood asthma is the most common respiratory disorder worldwide, being associated with increased morbidity and a decreased quality of life. Omega-3 fatty acids have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties; however, their efficacy in asthma is controversial. The present study aimed to examine the efficacy of a Mediterranean diet supplemented with a high omega-3 'fatty' fish intake in Greek asthmatic children. Read More

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https://www.researchgate.net/publication/6144955_GPower_3_A_
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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jhn.12609
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12609DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Alternative healthy eating index and risk of hip fracture: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 25;32(1):98-107. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Students' Scientific Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.

Background: A high adherence to healthy dietary patterns, such as an alternative healthy eating index (AHEI), has been suggested to have protective effects on bone mineral density and to decrease the incidence of fractures, although the evidence for this is not clear. We conducted a dose-response meta-analysis of available observational studies aiming to assess the association between adherence to a healthy dietary pattern, as assessed by the AHEI score, and risk of hip fracture in the general population.

Methods: Studies published up to March 2018 were identified on the basis of a literature search in PubMed, Scopus and ISI Web of Science databases using Mesh and non-Mesh relevant keywords. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jhn.12608
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12608DOI Listing
February 2019
15 Reads

Improving the nutritional intake of hospital patients: how far have we come? A re-audit.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Oct 17. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

School of Health Professions, University of Plymouth, PAHC, Plymouth, UK.

Background: Malnutrition affects up to 33.6% of hospitalised patients, with consequences that are detrimental for both patients and healthcare providers. In 2015, an audit demonstrated inadequate nutritional provision and consumption by hospitalised patients, comprising a major risk factor for malnutrition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12607DOI Listing
October 2018

Dietetics students' experiences of dietetics workforce preparation and preparedness: a systematic review and qualitative synthesis.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Oct 16. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.

Background: Dietetics students are a widely researched group. As emerging dietitians, they can provide valuable insights to inform how dietetics education programmes may be enhanced to meet contemporary healthcare needs. This review aimed to systematically synthesise dietetics students' experiences of dietetics workforce preparation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12600DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Weight improvement with the use of protein and energy enriched nutritional formula in infants with a prolonged PICU stay.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 14;32(1):3-10. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

Department of Paediatrics and Paediatric Surgery, Intensive Care Unit, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Reaching an optimal nutritional intake is challenging in critically ill infants. One possible way to minimise nutritional deficits is the use of protein and energy-enriched (PE)-formulas. We aimed to describe weight achievement and gastrointestinal symptoms in infants admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) while receiving PE-formula for a prolonged period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12603DOI Listing
February 2019

Ethnic differences in body image perception in patients with type 2 diabetes.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Oct 14. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

Departments of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Itlay.

Background: The present study compared the prevalence of obesity, fat distribution, body image perception and lifestyle among diabetic African and Albanian immigrants living in Italy, as well as diabetic Italians, aiming to identify health risks and their possible causes.

Methods: The study sample consisted of 200 diabetic subjects living in Italy. A questionnaire regarding socio-demographic and lifestyle information was administered to participants, and anthropometric measurements and body image perception were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12606DOI Listing
October 2018

Street food research worldwide: a scoping review.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Oct 11. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

EPIUnit - Unidade de Investigação em Epidemiologia, Instituto de Saúde Pública, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Background: Street foods vary with respect to their nutritional value and safety characteristics and contribute to a sizable proportion of food intake in many populations worldwide. Therefore, the present study aimed to describe the coverage in the scientific literature of different health-related and socio-economic aspects of street food consumption and trading.

Methods: Three electronic databases (searched from inception to 16 October 2017), a hand-search of relevant journals and backward citation tracking were used to identify eligible scientific articles with a main objective of investigating or reporting specific results on health-related or socio-economic aspects of street food. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12604DOI Listing
October 2018

A systematic review and meta-analysis of nutrition interventions for chronic noncancer pain.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Oct 7. Epub 2018 Oct 7.

Faculty of Health and Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.

Background: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the impact of nutrition interventions on participant reported pain severity and intensity in populations with chronic pain.

Methods: Eight databases were systematically searched for studies that included adult populations with a chronic pain condition, a nutrition intervention and a measure of pain. Where possible, data were pooled using meta-analysis. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jhn.12601
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12601DOI Listing
October 2018
29 Reads

Experiences of coeliac disease in a changing gluten-free landscape.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 2;32(1):72-79. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Department of Sociology, Faculty of Arts, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Background: Coeliac disease is an autoimmune disorder triggered by the ingestion of gluten. In recent years, there has been considerable increase in the availability of gluten-free products in North America. The present study investigated how the recent proliferation of the gluten-free industry has affected individuals living with coeliac disease, with a primary focus on their social lives and relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12597DOI Listing
February 2019

Oral nutrition support interventions for patients who are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition: a survey of clinical practice amongst UK dietitians.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 27;32(1):108-118. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, School of Life Course Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences & Medicine, King's College London, London, UK.

Background: Guidance on choosing oral nutritional support strategies varies and the evidence for different approaches is discordant. The present study aimed to examine opinion and practice in the use of oral nutritional support amongst UK dietitians and to assess the factors that influence these clinical decisions.

Methods: The study comprised a cross-sectional, anonymous, national survey of UK dietitians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12599DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

'There is such a thing as too healthy!' The impact of minimum nutritional guidelines on school food practices in secondary schools.

Authors:
S Addis S Murphy

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 25;32(1):31-40. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

DECIPHer, School of Social Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.

Background: Pressure to improve school meals has resulted in stringent nutritional guidelines across the UK. In Wales, the 'Appetite for Life' guidelines of 2008 resulted in significant changes to the provision of food in Welsh schools. Although evaluation of these changes has focussed on nutritional quality, there is little evidence of how pupils perceive these changes and their impact on school food practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12598DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The impact of a primary health care intervention on infant feeding practices: a cluster randomised controlled trial in Brazil.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 4;32(1):21-30. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Nutrition Research Group (NUPEN), Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Background: Proper feeding practices in early life can enhance the full human potential development of children. We aimed to evaluate the impact of a primary health care intervention on infant feeding practices among children from low-income families.

Methods: A cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12595DOI Listing
February 2019

Are the therapeutic strategies in anorexia of ageing effective on nutritional status? A systematic review with meta-analysis.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 29;32(1):128-138. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Medical Pathophysiology, Food Science and Endocrinology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Background: Anorexia of ageing (AA) may be considered as a risk factor for frailty and has an important impact on quality of life, morbidity and mortality.

Methods: A systematic review and a meta-analysis were performed to summarise the results from several trials on the effectiveness of treatments in AA, as associated with depression, sensory impairment of taste and smell, decreased appetite or early satiety, and disability. Eligible studies were required to report baseline and follow-up values, the mean change (∆-change) from baseline, and/or the mean difference among intervention groups versus control group, concerning food intake (kcal/daily) and/or nutritional outcomes, such as body weight, body mass index, albumin and Mini Nutritional Assessment. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jhn.12594
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12594DOI Listing
February 2019
14 Reads

A qualitative exploration of patients' experiences with and perceptions of recommencing feeding after colorectal surgery.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 27;32(1):63-71. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

School of Allied Health Sciences, Griffith University and Gold Coast Health, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.

Background: Many patients who undergo lower gastrointestinal surgery neither recommence feeding within timeframes outlined by evidence-based guidelines, nor meet their nutrition requirements in hospital. Given that the success of timely and adequate post-operative feeding is largely reliant on patient adherence, the present study explored patients' perceptions of recommencing feeding after colorectal surgery to determine areas of improvement to meet their needs and expectations.

Methods: This qualitative study involved one-on-one, semi-structured interviews with patients receiving care after colorectal surgery in an Australian tertiary teaching hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12596DOI Listing
February 2019

Effect of FTO rs9930506 on obesity and interaction of the gene variants with dietary protein and vitamin E on C-reactive protein levels in multi-ethnic Malaysian adults.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Dec 23;31(6):758-772. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

School of Healthy Aging, Medical Aesthetics & Regenerative Medicine, UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan, Malaysia.

Background: Individual variations of obesity-related traits can be a consequence of dietary influence on gene variants.

Methods: This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate (i) the effect of FTO rs9930506 on obesity and related parameters and (ii) the influence of diet on the above association in Malaysian adults. In total, 79 obese and 99 nonobese Malaysian adults were recruited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12593DOI Listing
December 2018

Adherence to the Healthy Nordic Food Index and the incidence of acute myocardial infarction and mortality among patients with stable angina pectoris.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 8;32(1):86-97. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Department of Heart Disease, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.

Background: The Healthy Nordic Food Index (HNFI) has been associated with beneficial effects on markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Whether such effects are present among patients with established coronary heart disease is unknown. In the present study, we investigated the association between adherence to the HNFI and the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (fatal or nonfatal) and death among patients with stable angina pectoris. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12592DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Effect of oropharyngeal colostrum therapy in the prevention of necrotising enterocolitis among very low birthweight neonates: A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Oct 2;31(5):612-624. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

Jan Sewa Tantia University, Sri Ganganagar, India.

Background: Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most common life-threatening emergencies of the gastrointestinal tract in preterm neonates. The present study aimed to determine the efficacy of oropharyngeal colostrum with respect to reducing NEC in preterm neonates.

Methods: A literature search was conducted for various randomised control trials by searching the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, EMBASE and ongoing clinical trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12585DOI Listing
October 2018

A systematic review of the use of ketogenic diets in adult patients with cancer.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Dec 30;31(6):793-802. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

School of Health Science, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

Background: A growing body of evidence indicates the importance of nutrition in cancer treatment. Ketogenic diets are one strategy that has been proposed to enhance traditional anticancer therapy. This review summarises the evidence concerning the effect of oral ketogenic diets on anthropometry, metabolism, quality of life (QoL) and tumour effects, at the same time as documenting adverse events and adherence in patients with cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12587DOI Listing
December 2018

Association between anthropometric markers and asthma control, quality of life and pulmonary function in adults with asthma.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 30;32(1):80-85. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Faculdade de Medicina, Programa e Pós-Graduação em Ciências Pneumológicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Background: The role of abdominal fat and body fat (BF) in the evaluation of nutritional status in asthma has been considered recently. The present study aimed to evaluate the association between different anthropometric markers and asthma control, pulmonary function and quality of life. A secondary objective was to determine the agreement between the anthropometric markers with respect to assessing obesity in adults with asthma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12584DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Nutritional status in patients aged over 65 years and its influence on the quantity and type of complications occurring 3, 6 and 12 months after hospitalisation: a clinical prospective study.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 29;32(1):119-127. Epub 2018 Jul 29.

Department of Clinical Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Background: Malnutrition in hospitalised patients is associated with frequent complications and increased mortality. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of abnormal nutritional status in patients aged over 65 years with a diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases and also to determine its relationship with the duration of hospitalisation and the incidence of complications over 3, 6 and 12 months of observation. A comparison was also made of diagnostic performance between the various classifications used to diagnose abnormal nutritional status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12590DOI Listing
February 2019

Nutritional status, the development and persistence of malnutrition and dietary intake in oesophago-gastric cancer: a longitudinal cohort study.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Dec 22;31(6):785-792. Epub 2018 Jul 22.

Diabetes and Nutritional Sciences Division, King's College London, London, UK.

Background: Patients with oesophago-gastric (OG) cancer may be at risk of malnutrition, troublesome gastrointestinal symptoms (GI) and reduced dietary intake in view of the tumour location and multimodality curative treatment approach. Longitudinal research is lacking. The present study aimed to assess (i) nutritional status and how it evolved over the first year; (ii) the association between nutritional status scores and GI symptom scores; and (iii) the nutrient and food group intake pattern. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12588DOI Listing
December 2018

Different associations between body composition and alcohol when assessed by exposure frequency or by quantitative estimates of consumption.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Dec 15;31(6):747-757. Epub 2018 Jul 15.

Institute of Cardiovascular Research, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, UK.

Background: Alcohol intake is widely assumed to contribute to excess body fatness, especially among young men; however, the evidence is inconsistent. We have addressed this research question by investigating associations between reported alcohol consumption and body composition from large representative national surveys in a high alcohol-consuming country with a high obesity prevalence.

Methods: The present study comprised a secondary analysis of combined cross-sectional nationally representative Scottish Health Surveys (1995-2010). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12583DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Texture-modified foods and thickened fluids used in dysphagia: Israeli standardised terminology and definitions.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Dec 10;31(6):742-746. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Nutrition Division, Ministry of Health, Jerusalem, Israel.

Background: Texture-modified foods and thickened fluids are used as a strategy that aims to compensate for dysphagia and improve the safety and efficiency of swallowing. Currently, in Israel, there are no standardised terminologies and definitions for texture-modified diets. The inconsistent terminology adversely affects patient safety and the efficiency of communication between staff members both within and between health institutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12581DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Room service in a public hospital improves nutritional intake and increases patient satisfaction while decreasing food waste and cost.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Dec 10;31(6):734-741. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Bond Institute of Sport & Health, Bond University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.

Background: Room service (RS) is a hospital foodservice model that is traditionally unique to the private sector. It allows patients to order meals compliant to their nutritional requirements from a single integrated menu at a time that suits them. Meals are prepared and delivered within 45 min of order. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12580DOI Listing
December 2018
16 Reads

A systematic literature review of the effect of anthocyanins on gut microbiota populations.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 8;32(1):53-62. Epub 2018 Jul 8.

Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Background: Evidence has shown that anthocyanins, a subclass of polyphenol, are metabolised in the gut, modulate bacterial species and exert bioactive effects through this interaction.

Methods: A systematic literature review was undertaken to determine the level of current evidence for the association between anthocyanin intake and changes in gut microbiota populations. The studies included were also assessed for the different techniques used in microbiota determination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12582DOI Listing
February 2019
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Engaging the patient: improving dietary intake and meal experience through bedside terminal meal ordering for oncology patients.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Dec 2;31(6):803-809. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Background: The present study aimed to determine changes in patient dietary intake, plate waste and meal experience associated with the implementation of a patient-directed bedside electronic meal ordering system (BMOS) compared to traditional paper menus (PMs).

Methods: The study evaluated the effect of a BMOS compared to PM at an oncology hospital between 2015 and 2016. Patient dietary intake, plate waste and patient meal experience were the key outcomes measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12573DOI Listing
December 2018
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Early post-operative diet upgrade in older patients may improve energy and protein intake but patients still eat poorly: an observational pilot study.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Dec 27;31(6):818-824. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, Australia.

Background: Malnutrition is prevalent across acute care facilities, particularly in older patients, and contributes to poor surgical outcomes. Clinical practice guidelines recommend the early reintroduction of a full oral diet post-operatively. The present study aimed to compare estimated energy (EEI) and protein (EPI) intake of patients who received early diet upgrade with those who did not. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jhn.12572
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12572DOI Listing
December 2018
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'For me it's about not feeling like I'm on a diet': a thematic analysis of women's experiences of an intermittent energy restricted diet to reduce breast cancer risk.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Dec 21;31(6):773-780. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Nightingale and Prevent Breast Cancer Centre, Manchester University NHS Foundation trust, Wythenshawe, Manchester, UK.

Background: Weight-loss programmes requiring intermittent energy restriction offer an alternative to continuous energy restriction programmes that typically have low adherence. We reported greater weight loss, better adherence and spontaneous reduced energy intake on healthy eating days with intermittent as opposed to continuous energy restriction. The present study aims to explore why intermittent energy restriction diets exert these positive effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12571DOI Listing
December 2018
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Do the contemporary dietary patterns of children align with national food and nutrient recommendations?

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Oct 21;31(5):670-682. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Faculty of Health and Medicine, School of Health Sciences, Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.

Background: Childhood nutrition is important in optimising growth, development and future health. The present study compared dietary intakes of Australian children aged 4-8 years with (i) Australian Guide to Healthy Eating (AGHE) food group recommendations and (ii) age-specific Nutrient Reference Values (NRVs), in addition to (iii) describing food group intakes of children meeting key NRVs.

Methods: Data were obtained from a representative sample of children (n = 789) from the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey between May 2011 and June 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12570DOI Listing
October 2018
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Theory-informed nutrition education curriculum Tools For Feeling Good promotes healthy eating patterns among fifth grade pupils: cross-sectional study.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Oct 10;31(5):647-657. Epub 2018 Jun 10.

Department of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.

Background: The eating patterns of school-aged children rarely meet recommendations: meal frequency is irregular and the consumption of vegetables is lower and sugar-sweetened products higher than recommended. Although school is an excellent arena for nutrition education to support pupils eating patterns, teachers usually lack efficient tools. The present study aimed to develop a curriculum for nutrition education to be used by teachers and to examine its efficacy in the school environment with respect to the eating patterns of pupils. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12568DOI Listing
October 2018

Workplace learning and career progression: qualitative perspectives of UK dietitians.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Oct 10;31(5):704-711. Epub 2018 Jun 10.

Leeds Institute of Medical Education, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.

Background: Post-graduate education and continuous professional development (CPD) within dietetics lack clearly defined pathways. The current literature primarily focuses on new graduate perceptions of workplace learning (WPL). The present study raises issues of how CPD is sustained throughout a National Health Service (NHS) career, how informal learning might be made more visible and whether the workplace withholds learning opportunities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12567DOI Listing
October 2018
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Nutritional status and interventions in hospice: physician assessment of cancer patients.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Dec 7;31(6):781-784. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

School of Medicine, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: Cancer cachexia is a multifactorial syndrome characterised by a progressive loss of skeletal muscle mass. It adversely influences quality of life, treatment response and survival. Early identification and multimodal interventions can potentially treat cancer cachexia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12562DOI Listing
December 2018
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Advancing practice in dietitians' communication and nutrition counselling skills: a workplace education program.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Dec 7;31(6):725-733. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

Department of Dietetics, Liverpool Hospital, Liverpool, NSW, Australia.

Background: Communication is the primary method in which dietitians conduct their practice. However, continuing education and competency standards are often focused on clinical knowledge and skills, with few programs being available to improve the communication and nutrition counselling skills of dietitians. Dietitians have reported reduced confidence in the knowledge and use of these skills, particularly when dealing with people who are struggling to find motivation to change their eating behaviours. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12569DOI Listing
December 2018
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A holistic approach to healthy ageing: how can people live longer, healthier lives?

J Hum Nutr Diet 2018 Aug 3;31(4):439-450. Epub 2018 Jun 3.

Nutrition Innovation Centre for Food and Health, School of Biomedical Sciences, Ulster University, Coleraine, UK.

Background: Although lifespan is increasing, there is no evidence to suggest that older people are experiencing better health in their later years than previous generations. Nutrition, at all stages of life, plays an important role in determining health and wellbeing.

Methods: A roundtable meeting of UK experts on nutrition and ageing considered key aspects of the diet-ageing relationship and developed a consensus position on the main priorities for research and public health actions that are required to help people live healthier lives as they age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12566DOI Listing
August 2018
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