2,344 results match your criteria Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention in Children & Youth [Journal]


Making Meaning of the Impact of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) on Public Health and Sexual Culture: Narratives of Three Generations of Gay and Bisexual Men.

Arch Sex Behav 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Social Science, University College, London, UK.

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with Truvada has emerged as an increasingly common approach to HIV prevention among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men. This study examined generational differences and similarities in narrative accounts of PrEP among a diverse sample of 89 gay and bisexual men in the U.S. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10508-019-1417-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-019-1417-6DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Assessing the cost of providing a prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV/AIDS service in Ethiopia: urban-rural health facilities setting.

BMC Health Serv Res 2019 Mar 6;19(1):148. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Abt Associates Inc, Bethesda, USA.

Background: While local context costing evidence is relevant for healthcare planning, budgeting and cost-effectiveness analysis, it continues to be scarce in Ethiopia. This study assesses the cost of providing a prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV/AIDS (PMTCT) service across heterogeneous prevalence (high, low) and socio-economic (urban, rural) contexts.

Methods: A total of 12 health facilities from six regions in Ethiopia were purposively selected from the latest 2012 antenatal sentinel HIV prevalence report. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-019-3978-4DOI Listing

Correlates of antiretroviral coverage for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa.

AIDS Care 2019 Mar 4:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

f Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, College of Medicine , University of Nigeria , Nsukka , Enugu , Nigeria.

Antiretroviral (ARV) drugs are effective in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT), however many sub-Saharan African countries are yet to achieve universal ARV coverage among pregnant women living with HIV. This study examined factors associated with ARV coverage for PMTCT in 41 sub-Saharan Africa countries. Country-level aggregated data were obtained from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, World Health Organization, and United Nations Children's Fund. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2019.1587364DOI Listing

Factors associated with depression among HIV/AIDS children in China.

Int J Ment Health Syst 2019 20;13:10. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

1Psychology Department of the Public Health Institute of Harbin Medical University, No. 157, Baojian Road, Nangang District, Harbin, 150081 Heilongjiang Province China.

Background: Depression in HIV/AIDS children not only worsens the progression and outcome of illness, but also impacts their quality of life, having a negative influence on society. The present study was conducted from a psychosocial perspective, considering children's social desirability, cognitive emotion regulation, and perceived social support to identify the factors influencing depression in HIV-infected children in China.

Methods: Participants were 155 children aged 8-18 years who were eligible to participate in this study assessing depression and associated risk factors using the Children's Depression Inventory, Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, and Children's Social Desirability scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13033-019-0263-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381654PMC
February 2019

HIV/AIDS prevention practices among military personnel in Northwest Ethiopia.

AIDS Care 2019 Feb 27:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

g School of Science and Health , Western Sydney University , Penrith , NSW , Australia.

The spread of HIV/AIDS is a major public health problem in military personnel in Africa. However, the epidemiological evidence regarding HIV/AIDS prevention practices among military personnel in Ethiopia remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate HIV/AIDS prevention practices among military personnel in Northwest Ethiopia. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09540121.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2019.1587362DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Disclosure experiences and challenges among adolescents living with HIV and their caregivers in China.

Int J Pediatr Adolesc Med 2018 Mar 23;5(1):5-12. Epub 2018 Feb 23.

Center for Global Health and Development, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, United States.

Background And Objectives: With increasing access to antiretroviral therapy, HIV-infected youth are living longer, but are vulnerable as they navigate the transition to adulthood while managing a highly stigmatized condition. Knowing one's HIV status is critical to assuming responsibility for one's health. The process of disclosure to adolescents living with HIV is not well understood globally, even less so in China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpam.2017.11.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363272PMC

HIV Retesting of HIV-Negative Pregnant Women in the Context of Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in Primary Health Centers in Rural Zambia: What Did We Learn?

J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care 2019 Jan-Dec;18:2325958218823530

1 Global Health, Population and Nutrition, FHI 360, Washington, DC, USA.

Background:: This observational study describes implementation of HIV retesting of HIV-negative women in prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services in Zambia.

Methods:: Uptake of retesting and PMTCT services were compared across age, parity, and weeks of gestation at the time of the first HIV test, antiretrovirals regime, and HIV early diagnosis results from infants born to HIV-positive mothers.

Results:: A total of 19 090 pregnant women were tested for HIV at their first antenatal visit, 16 838 tested HIV-negative and were offered retesting 3 months later: 11 339 (67. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325958218823530DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

The effect of male involvement and a prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) intervention on depressive symptoms in perinatal HIV-infected rural South African women.

Arch Womens Ment Health 2019 Feb 23. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.

This study investigated perinatal depressive symptoms among HIV-infected women enrolled in a cluster-randomized, controlled trial in South Africa. Women (n = 1370) attending 12 community health centers were consecutively enrolled in a two-phase (phase 1 = without a male partner, phase 2 = with a male partner) and two-condition (experimental or control) prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) intervention. Women were enrolled at 8-24 weeks pregnant and followed postpartum at 6 weeks and 6 and 12 months (retention rate = 69. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00737-019-00955-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Practices That Support and Sustain Health in Schools: An Analysis of SHPPS Data.

J Sch Health 2019 Apr 19;89(4):279-299. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE (Mailstop F-78), Atlanta, GA 30329.

Background: The Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child (WSCC) model provides an organizing framework for schools to develop and implement school health policies, practices, and programs. The purpose of this study was to examine the presence of practices that support school health for each component of the WSCC model in US schools.

Methods: Data from the School Health Policies and Practices Study 2014 were analyzed to determine the percentage of schools with practices in place that support school health for WSCC components. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/josh.12742DOI Listing

Is co-location of services with HIV care associated with improved HIV care outcomes? A systematic review.

AIDS Care 2019 Feb 18:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

a Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention , National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Atlanta , GA , USA.

This systematic review identifies models of service co-location, a structural intervention strategy to remove barriers to HIV care and services, and examines their associations with HIV care outcomes. A cumulative database (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2019.1576847DOI Listing
February 2019

The problem of lost to follow-up of mother-child pairs enrolled in the PMTCT program in Dschang District Hospital-Cameroon.

Ig Sanita Pubbl 2018 Jul-Aug;74(4):337-347

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, PO Box 67 Dschang, Cameroon.

High rates of lost to follow-up (LTFU) in the Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programs in Cameroon will only contribute in hindering the successful implementation of the program. The objective of this study was to determine the reasons of LTFU of mother-child pairs enrolled in the PMTCT program in Dschang District Hospital (DDH): Cameroon. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was carried out in HIV+ exposed children delivered in the DDH from1st Jan 2012 - 31st Dec 2014, who were greater than or equal to 18 months at the study period (1st August - 30th September 2016) and whose mothers were enrolled in the PMTCT program for at least 3 months. Read More

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February 2019
5 Reads

Depression, Social Support, and Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy Among People Living With HIV in Guangxi, China: A Longitudinal Study.

AIDS Educ Prev 2019 Feb;31(1):38-50

Institute of HIV/AIDS Control and Prevention, Guangxi CDC, Nanning, China.

Depression can result in poor adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among people living with HIV (PLHIV), and social support can help mitigate the negative relationship. However, little is known about how depression and social support synergistically influence ART adherence over time. The current study aims to explore longitudinal associations between them and examine which sources of social support can play a mediating role between depression and ART adherence over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/aeap.2019.31.1.38DOI Listing
February 2019

The Development and Evaluation of a National School-based HIV Prevention Intervention for Primary School Children in Kenya.

J HIV AIDS 2018 28;4(1). Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Commission for Education and Religious Education at the Kenya Conference of Catholic Bishops.

Primary schools in Kenya provide a promising venue for widespread delivery of HIV prevention interventions. This article describes the development and evaluation of Making Life's Responsible Choices (MLRC), a school-based HIV prevention intervention for primary school children developed through a collaborative global partnership involving multiple community stakeholders. Intervention development was informed by extensive reviews of youth-focused evidence-based HIV prevention interventions, and was rooted in both the Theory of Planned Behavior and Social Cognitive Theory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.16966/2380-5536.150DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363125PMC
February 2018
2 Reads

HIV- and AIDS-related knowledge and attitude of residents in border regions of Vietnam.

Harm Reduct J 2019 Feb 7;16(1):11. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Center of Excellence in Behavioral Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Background: Residents in border areas are vulnerable to HIV/AIDS due to high rates of risk behaviors such as unprotected sexual practices or illicit drug use. Improving knowledge and attitude toward HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment are vital to diminish the burden of the HIV epidemic in this setting. However, evidence about this issue in Vietnam has been limited. Read More

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https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12954-019-0282-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367780PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

The Longitudinal Effects of Non-injection Substance Use on Sustained HIV Viral Load Undetectability Among MSM and Heterosexual Men in Brazil and Thailand: The Role of ART Adherence and Depressive Symptoms (HPTN 063).

AIDS Behav 2019 Mar;23(3):649-660

Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, USA.

The effect of non-injection substance use on HIV viral load (VL) is understudied in international settings. Data are from HPTN063, a longitudinal observational study of HIV-infected individuals in Brazil, Thailand, and Zambia, with focus on men with VL data (Brazil = 146; Thailand = 159). Generalized linear mixed models (GLMM) assessed whether non-injection substance use (stimulants, cannabis, alcohol, polysubstance) was associated with VL undetectability. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10461-019-02415-w
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02415-wDOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Adolescent Trials Network for HIV-AIDS Scale It Up Program: Protocol for a Rational and Overview.

JMIR Res Protoc 2019 Feb 1;8(2):e11204. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine, Seton Hall University, South Orange, NJ, United States.

Background: The past 30 years have witnessed such significant progress in the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS that an AIDS-free generation and the end to the global AIDS epidemic are ambitious, but achievable, national and global goals. Despite growing optimism, globally, youth living with HIV are markedly less likely to receive antiretroviral therapy than adults (23% vs 38%). Furthermore, marked health disparities exist regarding HIV infection risk, with young men of color who have sex with men disproportionately affected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11204DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6376339PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) continues to play a vital role in the response to HIV/AIDS: Current status and future perspectives.

Biosci Trends 2019 Mar 25;13(1):107-109. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Scientific Research Center, Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, Fudan University.

Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) program offer a range of services for women of reproductive age living with or at risk of contracting the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in order to maintain their health and to protect their infants from acquiring HIV. The program has made significant progress in eliminating HIV. Thanks to the provision of PMTCT services, around 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5582/bst.2019.01009DOI Listing

A Focus on the HIV Care Continuum Through the Healthy Young Men's Cohort Study: Protocol for a Mixed-Methods Study.

JMIR Res Protoc 2019 Jan 24;8(1):e10738. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, United States.

Background: No group is at greater risk for acquiring HIV than young men who have sex with men (YMSM), particularly black or African American (AA) and Hispanic or Latino (L) YMSM living in inner cities, who account for the largest number of new HIV infections each year. Although pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), postexposure prophylaxis (PEP), and treatment as prevention hold enormous promise for changing the course of the epidemic, AA/L-YMSM are the least likely population to be receiving primary health care and HIV prevention/care and are the least likely to be using PrEP and PEP.

Objective: The overarching aim of the Healthy Young Men's (HYM) cohort study is to conduct longitudinal research with a cohort of AA/L-YMSM to prevent new HIV infections, reduce transmission, and reduce HIV/AIDS-related disparities by focusing on successful engagement in care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/10738DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365874PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Progress in the HIV epidemic: Identifying goals and measuring success.

PLoS Med 2019 Jan 18;16(1):e1002729. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.

Substantial progress has been made towards the goal of ending the HIV/AIDS epidemic due to advancements in both prevention and treatment of HIV. However, major challenges still remain. We describe basic principles of epidemic control in the context of HIV and identify a number of attainable goals in terms of control and elimination of HIV in specific populations and risk groups, given currently available HIV prevention and treatment methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002729DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6338352PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Conditional cash transfers to prevent mother-to-child transmission in low facility-delivery settings: evidence from a randomised controlled trial in Nigeria.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 16;19(1):32. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, 770 University Hall, Berkeley, CA, 94720-7360, USA.

Background: Nigeria suffers from the highest burden of mother-to-child transmission worldwide. To increase retention in care and prevention programmes, we piloted and evaluated a conditional cash transfer (CCT) programme for preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) in Akwa Ibom, Nigeria.

Methods: In a randomised controlled trial, pregnant women testing positive for HIV during antenatal care registration at three public hospitals were randomised to one of two study arms: (1) offered enrolment into the CCT programme or (2) continue in standard care for (PMTCT). Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2172-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335681PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Brief Report: Role of Sociobehavioral Factors in Subprotective TFV-DP Levels Among YMSM Enrolled in 2 PrEP Trials.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2019 Feb;80(2):160-165

Department of Psychiatry, Stroger Hospital of Cook County, Chicago, IL.

Background: Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) experience disparities in HIV acquisition more than any other group. Daily oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with tenofovir/emtricitabine has been shown to effectively prevent HIV transmission in YMSM; however, recent studies suggest that young Black men who have sex with men experience subprotective levels of tenofovir diphosphate more frequently than other groups.

Setting: Combined data from Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions (ATN) 110/113, 2 open-label PrEP studies that provided PrEP and evidence-based behavioral interventions to YMSM aged 15-22 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000001901DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

School connectedness as psychological resilience factor in children affected by HIV/AIDS.

AIDS Care 2019 Jan 9:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

c Unit for Research on Health and Society, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences , Stellenbosch University , Stellenbosch , South Africa.

Children affected by HIV/AIDS are at high risk for poor mental health outcomes. Social and psychological connectedness to school has been identified as an important resilience factor for youth affected by adversity (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09540121.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2018.1511045DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Individual and family level factors associated with physical and mental health-related quality of life among people living with HIV in rural China.

BMC Public Health 2019 Jan 3;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Anhui Provincial Center for Woman and Child Health, 38 Yonghong Road, Hefei, 230032, China.

Background: One of the major challenges faced by people living with HIV (PLH) is the compromised quality of life due to the negative impact of HIV on their health. HIV/AIDS control effort should go beyond laboratory and lay more emphasis on improving the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) for PLH. The objective of this study is to evaluate the physical and mental HRQoL of PLH in rural China, and explore the relationship between HRQoL and individual- and family-level factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6352-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318837PMC
January 2019
2 Reads
2.264 Impact Factor

Smartphone usage and preferences among postpartum HIV-positive women in South Africa.

AIDS Care 2018 Dec 31:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

c Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health , Vanderbilt University , Nashville , TN , USA.

In South Africa, HIV-positive women receiving antiretroviral therapy often are lost to care postpartum; strategies to support long-term engagement are needed. Mobile health (mHealth) interventions are emerging as a possible solution for supporting long-term engagement in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV care continuum. In order to explore acceptability and feasibility of mobile health (mHealth) interventions in this context, we conducted focus group discussions (FGDs) to assess trends in smartphone usage in postpartum women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2018.1563283DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

USAGE OF A RAPID DIAGNOSTIC TEST FOR MALARIA IN CHILDREN.

Afr J Infect Dis 2019 12;13(1):24-31. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Laboratory of Systems Biology, "Chantal Biya" International Reference Centre for Research on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Management (CBIRC), Yaounde, Cameroon.

Background: Malaria is still the primary cause of pediatric deaths. The efficient management of pediatric malaria requires its rapid and accurate diagnosis. To fulfill this requirement, rapid diagnostic tests have been developed, but their evaluation before commercialization is never exhaustive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v13i1.3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305079PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Acceptability of option B+ among HIV positive women receiving antenatal and postnatal care services in selected health centre's in Lusaka.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 Dec 29;18(1):510. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia.

Background: In 2013, Zambia accepted the immediate operationalization of Option B+, a policy used to try and eliminate mother to child transmission. This policy requires all HIV-positive pregnant and breastfeeding women to initiate antiretroviral treatment for life regardless of CD4 count. However, not all HIV positive women accept treatment for life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-018-2142-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311017PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Rates of HBV, HCV, HDV and HIV type 1 among pregnant women and HIV type 1 drug resistance-associated mutations in breastfeeding women on antiretroviral therapy.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 Dec 22;18(1):504. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon.

Background: HBV, HCV, HDV and HIV are blood borne and can be transmitted from mother-to-child. Reports of HBV infection rates show up to 11.9% in Cameroon while for HCV, the rate is less than 2%. Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-018-2120-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6303885PMC
December 2018
12 Reads

[Surveillance data on notifiable infectious diseases among students aged 6-22 years in China, 2011-2016].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2018 Dec;39(12):1589-1595

Division of Infectious Disease Control and Prevention, Key Laboratory of Surveillance and Early Warning on Infectious Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China.

To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of notifiable infectious diseases among Chinese students from 2011 to 2016 and to provide reference for the effective prevention and control programs on infectious disease among students. Both morbidity and mortality of notifiable infectious diseases among Chinese students aged 6-22 years from 2011 to 2016 were analyzed, with main characteristics of the disease described. During 2011 to 2016, morbidities of Categories A, B and C infectious diseases among the Chinese students aged 6-22 years showed a decreasing trend, from 248. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2018.12.010DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

[Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in Children and Adolescents, 30 years in Chile].

Authors:
Elba Wu Hupat

Rev Chil Pediatr 2018 Oct;89(5):660-668

Facultad de Medicina Occidente, U. Chile, Chile.

HIV has been the major infection of the late 20th century. This review has the objective of dissemina ting the experience of the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Committee of the Chilean Pediatric Society since the detection of the first HIV-infected child in Chile and promoting the screening and referral of new- borns/children exposed to HIV and those infected with HIV. Updated data from the national and fo reign literature, presentations in Congresses/Workshops held by the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Committee, and experiences of its members are analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062018005000702DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Towards UNAIDS Fast-Track goals: targeting priority geographic areas for HIV prevention and care in Zimbabwe.

AIDS 2019 Feb;33(2):305-314

Department of Public Health Medicine, School of Nursing and Public Health, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Introduction: Zimbabwe has made substantial progress towards the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) targets of 90-90-90 by 2020, with 73% of people living with HIV diagnosed, 87% of those diagnosed on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and 86% of those on ART virally suppressed. Despite this exceptional response, more effort is needed to completely achieve the UNAIDS targets. Here, we conducted a detailed spatial analysis of the geographical structure of the HIV epidemic in Zimbabwe to include geographical prioritization as a key component of their overall HIV intervention strategy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0000000000002052DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Sexual risk behaviour among HIV-infected women in the first twelve months after delivery in South Africa.

J Psychol Afr 2018 3;28(4):330-335. Epub 2018 Jun 3.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, USA.

This study aimed to assess sexual risk behaviour and its social correlates in HIV-infected women living in rural South Africa at six and twelve months post-partum. Participants were 699 HIV-positive women recruited prenatally by systematic sampling from twelve community health centres in Mpumalanga province, South Africa (mean age = 28.4 years, SD = 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14330237.2018.1435048DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6291218PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Assessment of the effectiveness of PMTCT program in eight service delivery points in North Central Nigeria.

HIV AIDS (Auckl) 2018 20;10:253-259. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Hepatology Unit, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Background: Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV is one of the commonest avenues through which infants are infected with HIV. To achieve an HIV-free generation, MTCT of HIV should be eliminated. Nigeria began prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services 13 years ago, but it still contributes to over one-third of global MTCT burden. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/HIV.S157685DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6251355PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Past and future trends of Cryptosporidium in vitro research.

Exp Parasitol 2019 Jan 3;196:28-37. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Laboratory of Molecular and Evolutionary Parasitology, RAPID Group, School of Biosciences, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, UK; School of Biosciences, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, UK. Electronic address:

Cryptosporidium is a genus of single celled parasites capable of infecting a wide range of animals including humans. Cryptosporidium species are members of the phylum apicomplexa, which includes well-known genera such as Plasmodium and Toxoplasma. Cryptosporidium parasites cause a severe gastro-intestinal disease known as cryptosporidiosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exppara.2018.12.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6333944PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Life expectancy and years of life lost in HIV patients under the care of BandarAbbas Behavioral Disorders Counseling Center.

Nepal J Epidemiol 2017 Dec 31;7(4):702-712. Epub 2017 Dec 31.

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department, Rafsanjan Medical School, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, IR Iran.

Background: HIV epidemic is mostly targeted adults and has numerous negative health, social, economic, cultural and political consequences. In this study Life Expectancy (LE) and Average Years of Life Lost (AYLL) in HIV/AIDS patients are estimated.

Materials And Methods: In this descriptive study all the patients at the age of 18 and more under the care of BandarAbbas Behavioral Disorders Counseling Center (BBDCC) during 2005-2015 are included. Read More

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https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/NJE/article/view/20627
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/nje.v7i4.20627DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6204067PMC
December 2017
14 Reads

[Chinese guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of HIV/AIDS (2018)].

Authors:

Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;57(12):867-884

(AIDS) is an important public health problem in China. In 2005, the first edition of the guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of AIDS was formulated by the AIDS Professional Group of Society of Infectious Diseases of Chinese Medical Association, which was updated twice in 2011 and 2015. The fourth edition of the guidelines in 2018 is revised on the basis of national clinical practice and the latest research studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0578-1426.2018.12.002DOI Listing
December 2018
18 Reads

Eliminating perinatal HIV in the United States: mission possible?

AIDS 2019 Mar;33(3):377-385

ICAP at Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health and Vagelos College of Physicians & Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA.

: In 2015, only 53 infants born in the United States acquired HIV - the lowest recorded number of perinatal HIV infections. Recognizing this significant achievement, we must acknowledge that the United States has not yet reached the goal of eliminating perinatal HIV transmission. This analysis describes different approaches to perinatal HIV preventive services among five states and the District of Columbia as case studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0000000000002080DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6355361PMC
March 2019
3 Reads
5.554 Impact Factor

HIV diagnosis disclosure to infected children and adolescents; challenges of family caregivers in the Central Region of Ghana.

BMC Pediatr 2018 Nov 22;18(1):365. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Kirkhoff School of Nursing, Grand Valley State University, Michigan, USA.

Background: Disclosure of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) to infected older children and adolescents is essential for both personal health maintenance and HIV prevention within the larger population. Non-disclosure of HIV status has been identified as one of the potential barriers to optimum adherence especially in children and adolescents. Like many other countries in the SSA region, Ghana has significant number of children and adolescents infected by HIV, who have increased survival times, due to increased access to ART. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-018-1330-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6251211PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

Quality of antenatal care services in Rwanda: assessing practices of health care providers.

BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Nov 19;18(1):865. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Section of Epidemiology and Social Medicine (EPSO), Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: Although most pregnant women in Rwanda visit antenatal care (ANC) clinics, little has been studied about the quality of services being provided. We investigated the ANC providers' (HCPs) current practices in relation to prevention, management and referral of maternal conditions as well as the information provided to pregnant women attending ANC services in Rwanda.

Methods: This facility-based, cross-sectional study included 312 ANC providers as participants and a review of 605 ANC medical records from 121 health centers. Read More

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https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3694-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6245627PMC
November 2018
13 Reads
1.659 Impact Factor

The effectiveness of PEPFAR's funding for women and children with HIV/AIDS.

Authors:
Yiyeon Kim

Int J Health Plann Manage 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Political Science & International Studies, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea.

Has President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief's (PEPFAR) funding been effective in reducing the rate of HIV new infections and AIDS-related deaths among women and children? While previous studies have found HIV/AIDS aid to be ineffective and PEPFAR funding to produce negative externalities, there is lack of empirical examination of the impact of PEPFAR on women and children despite the emphasis on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV during the Bush and Obama administrations. Using descriptive analysis and difference-in-differences (DID) regression, this study finds that PEPFAR's funding has reduced the HIV new infections and AIDS-related death rates of women and children for both focus countries and recipient countries, which are those that were added in a second phase. These findings show that PEPFAR's strategy for women and children has been effective and that it should be continued. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hpm.2706DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

The pull of soccer and the push of Xhosa boys in an HIV and drug abuse intervention in the Western Cape, South Africa.

SAHARA J 2018 Dec;15(1):187-199

b Center of Expertise on Women's Health, Gender and Empowerment , University of California Global Health Institute , San Francisco , CA , USA.

There is growing interest in engaging men and boys in health and development programmes targeting the intersection of HIV risk, substance abuse, and violence. Understanding the conceptualisations of masculinities or masculine identities that shape both behaviours and opportunities for intervention is central to advancing the global agenda to engage men in health and development interventions. This paper examines an intervention using soccer and job training to engage and deliver activities for HIV prevention, substance abuse, and gender-based violence in a South African township. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17290376.2018.1541024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237168PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Unmet need for contraception among HIV-positive women in Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Trop Doct 2019 Jan 12;49(1):26-31. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

3 Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria.

As mother-to-child transmission of HIV is difficult to predict and also hard to prevent in practice, pregnancy among women living with HIV/AIDS (WHA) needs to be taken with considerable aforethought. The prevention of unwanted pregnancy among WHA is therefore a public health issue. The aim of our study was to determine the unmet need for contraception among HIV-positive women and the associated factors. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0049475518809605
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0049475518809605DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads

Cash Transfers, Young Women's Economic Well-Being, and HIV Risk: Evidence from HPTN 068.

AIDS Behav 2018 Nov 10. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Despite the large interest in economic interventions to reduce HIV risk, little research has been done to show whether there are economic gains of these interventions for younger women and what intermediary role economic resources play in changing participants' sexual behavior. This paper contributes to this gap by examining the impacts of a conditional cash transfer (CCT) for young women in South Africa on young women's economic resources and the extent to which they play a role in young women's health and behavior. We used data from HIV Prevention Trials Network 068 study, which provided transfers to young women (in addition to their parents) conditional on the young woman attending at least 80% of school days in the previous month. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-018-2329-5DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Study of human rights violations faced by women who use drugs in Estonia.

Harm Reduct J 2018 11 6;15(1):54. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Estonian Association of People Who Use Psychotropic Substances (LUNEST), Pärnu Maantee 130-25, 11317, Tallinn, Estonia.

Background: Estonia continues to have the highest prevalence of HIV among people who inject drugs, and the highest overdose mortality, in the European Union. In August 2017, the Eurasian Harm Reduction Association (EHRA), the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network (CHALN), and the Estonian Association of People Who Use Psychotropic Substances (LUNEST) conducted a study in Estonia to assess the situation regarding the human rights of women who use drugs and/or living with HIV.

Methods: The research methodology, developed by EHRA and CHALN, comprised in-depth interviews with 38 drug-dependent women conducted between August 8 and 14, 2017, in Tallinn and Ida-Viru county. Read More

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https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12954-018-0259-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6220502PMC
November 2018
10 Reads

Towards achieving the fast-track targets and ending the epidemic of HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia: Successes and challenges.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Jan 1;78:57-64. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

School of Public Health, the University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: Ethiopia has adopted the global plan to end the epidemic of HIV/AIDS. The aim of this study was to assess the progress made towards achieving this plan.

Methods: A review and analysis of national population-based surveys, surveillance, and routine programme data was executed. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S12019712183457
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2018.10.022DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Awareness and Utilization: Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) Services among Primigravid Women attending Primary Health Care Facilities in Zaria, North-Western Nigeria.

West Afr J Med 2018 Sep-Dec;35(3):144-152

Department of Community Medicine, Kaduna State University, Nigeria.

Background: Nigeria with an estimated population of 193 million is Second to South Africa in the number of people living with Human Immune Deficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) worldwide, representing 9% of the global burden of the disease. The objective of this study is to determine the awareness, knowledge and utilization of PMTCT services before first pregnancy in the study population, which is a critical prong 1 PMTCT strategy to prevent and control the vertical transmission of this pandemic infection.

Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study conducted in February-April 2016 among 300 Primigravid women selected by the cluster sampling technique from six Primary Health Care (PHC) facilities that offered PMTCT services out of a list of 25 PHC facilities in Zaria LGA at the time of the survey. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Setting research priorities to achieve long-term health targets in Iran.

J Glob Health 2018 Dec;8(2):020702

Engineering Seismology Department, International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (IIEES), Tehran, Iran.

Background: In 2015, it was estimated that the burden of disease in Iran comprised of 19 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), 74% of which were due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The observed leading causes of death were cardiovascular diseases (41.9%), neoplasms (14. Read More

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http://jogh.org/documents/issue201802/jogh-08-020702.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7189/jogh.08.020702DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6188089PMC
December 2018
29 Reads

Hepatitis C Virus in Women of Childbearing Age, Pregnant Women, and Children.

Am J Prev Med 2018 Nov;55(5):633-641

Division of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Introduction: Perinatal transmission is an increasingly important mode of hepatitis C virus transmission. The authors characterized U.S. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07493797183194
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.05.029DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Generalizing the per-protocol treatment effect: The case of ACTG A5095.

Clin Trials 2019 Feb 17;16(1):52-62. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

1 Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Background: Intention-to-treat comparisons of randomized trials provide asymptotically consistent estimators of the effect of treatment assignment, without regard to compliance. However, decision makers often wish to know the effect of a per-protocol comparison. Moreover, decision makers may also wish to know the effect of treatment assignment or treatment protocol in a user-specified target population other than the sample in which the trial was fielded. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1740774518806311
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1740774518806311DOI Listing
February 2019
11 Reads

Determinants of disclosure and non-disclosure of HIV-positive status, by pregnant women in rural South Africa.

SAHARA J 2018 12;15(1):155-163

a HIV/Aids, STI and TB Research Programme , Human Sciences Research Council , Pretoria , South Africa.

Disclosure of HIV status remains one of the major challenges to the effectiveness of the prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV in rural areas in South Africa. This study aimed at assessing the determinants of HIV status disclosure among HIV infected pregnant women who have disclosed their HIV status to someone, as well as among those who have disclosed to their partners. Cross-sectional data was collected from 673 HIV sero-positive pregnant women receiving antenatal care services at 12 Community Health Centers in Mpumalanga province. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17290376.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17290376.2018.1529613DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6197005PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

An assessment of antiretroviral drug initiation to pregnant women of unknown HIV status during labour and delivery in Cameroon.

Afr J AIDS Res 2018 Sep 14;17(3):265-271. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

i Department of Family Health, Ministry of Public Health , Yaoundé , Cameroon.

Background: Evidence from previous research has shown that antiretroviral (ARV) drug initiation to seropositive pregnant women could significantly contribute to eliminating new paediatric infections even when started during labour and delivery. This study therefore seeks to assess missed opportunities for ARV initiation during this critical period of pregnancy to improve outcomes of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programmes in Cameroon.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on the 2014 PMTCT data for labour and delivery among pregnant women of unknown HIV status within health facilities in six regions of Cameroon (428 eligible facilities). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.2989/16085906.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2989/16085906.2018.1515780DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads