1,732 results match your criteria Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine [Journal]


The contribution of mental health services to a new strategic direction for sexual assault and abuse services.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Apr 11;64:45-48. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

University of Leeds, United Kingdom.

A new strategy for sexual assault and abuse services was published by NHS England earlier this year. It called for better coordination of services along the Sexual Assault Referral Centre (SARC) pathway following a sexual assault including mental health services for children, young people and adults. Previous research has highlighted the fact that up to two-thirds of those attending SARCs either have a history of mental health problems or are being currently treated for one. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.04.001DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Issues in the handling of cases of tuberculosis in the mortuary.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Apr 6;64:42-44. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Forensic Science South Australia (FSSA) and the School of Medicine, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, 5000, Australia. Electronic address:

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) that is most often transmitted by the inhalation of bacteria-containing aerosols. While there has been a decline in numbers of cases in certain countries, large population movements, the increasing emergence of drug-resistant strains and the association with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection make it a disease that is increasingly seen in forensic practice. Mortuary staff are at risk of infection from penetrating sharp injuries, droplet inhalation, ingestion, direct inoculation, through skin breaks or through mucous membranes of the eyes, nose and mouth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.04.002DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

The impact of personal perception on the identification of tattoo pattern in human identification.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Mar 22;64:34-41. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

School of Science, Engineering & Design, Teesside University, United Kingdom.

Tattoos and body modifications have a significant role to play in the identification of individuals in a variety of forensic contexts. Despite this, little work has explicitly examined this topic. The aim of this study was to examine whether personal perception has an influence on the identification of tattoo images. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.03.002DOI Listing
March 2019
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Epidemiologic profile of deaths due to drug and chemical poisoning in patients referred to Baharloo Hospital of Tehran, 2011 to 2014.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 19;64:31-33. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: In developing countries with high mortality rates, poisoning is one of the most common causes of admission to emergency rooms. To minimize future deaths related to poisoning, the epidemiological profile of deceased individuals is essential.

Methods: The medical records of all dead patients due to poisoning during 2011-2014 in Baharloo Hospital, Tehran, were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.02.009DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Superheroes - Image and performance enhancing drug (IPED) use within the UK, social media and gym culture.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Mar 22;64:28-30. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Visiting Research Fellow at Liverpool John Moores University, UK.

Anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) are the drug of choice in many cultures of the UK. Whilst there is an abundance of evidence relating to the physiological and psychological effects of steroid abuse on the individual, surprisingly there is a paucity of information relating to the perspectives of steroid users regarding the social impact of steroid use on self and society. The lack of data from steroid users has implications for forensic and legal medicine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.03.009DOI Listing
March 2019
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Shape analysis of shark jaws as a tool to identify species involved in incidents with humans.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Mar 16;64:23-27. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Departamento de Pesca e Aquicultura, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Rua Dom Manuel de Medeiros, s/n, Dois Irmãos - CEP, 52171-900, Recife/PE, Brazil.

Shark incidents in Recife, Pernambuco state (Brazil), are registered since 1992. The occurrence of those events is in a relatively small area of urban beaches of about 30 km long, making up one of the world's highest indices of shark incidents per unit of area, totaling 64 casualties, of these 24 were fatal. To mitigate shark incidents, the knowledge on shark species involved is crucial given that each species has specific usage of the habitat and dissimilar feeding strategy. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1752928X183033
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.03.008DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Continuing major inconsistencies in the classification of unexpected infant deaths.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Mar 16;64:20-22. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

School of Nursing Midwifery and Paramedicine, University of the Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia.

The classification of the cause of unexpected infant deaths by both pathologists and researchers may be quite inconsistent. For example, if an infant is found lying face down on soft bedding the death may still be certified as 'sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)', 'accidental suffocation', 'undetermined', 'unclassified sudden infant death (USID)', or 'sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI)'. As the San Diego definition of SIDS does not appear to be rigorously or consistently applied, clarifying 'mechanical asphyxia not determined with certainty' may help to more clearly separate SIDS from USID. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.03.007DOI Listing
March 2019
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Use of toluidine blue dye in detection of anogenital injuries in consensual sexual intercourse.

Authors:
N Hirachan

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 27;64:14-19. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Forensic Medicine Department, Gandaki Medical College, Pokhara, Nepal. Electronic address:

The usefulness of Toluidine blue dye in the detection of anogenital injuries in sixty females aged 16-40 years of age with a history of consensual sexual intercourse within 48 h of intercourse were included for the study from the Gynaecology outpatient department of the Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal over a period of 10 months. Injuries were identified and documented using TEARS classification (tears-ecchymosis-abrasion-redness-swelling) before and after the application of toluidine blue dye (TBD). Anogenital injuries were detected in 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.02.006DOI Listing
February 2019

Forensic odontology in the 21st century - Identifying the opinions of those behind the teaching.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Mar 5;64:7-13. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

University of Dundee, Centre of Forensic and Legal Medicine and Dentistry, Dundee, UK.

From the 19th century, society has been aided by Forensic Odontology and the teaching practice has rapidly expanded in the last 30 years. Information about academics and teaching topics can be found in literature but any research has never investigated the basic profile of lecturers by survey. The aim of this study was to explore the lecturers' opinions on teaching the subject in the 21st century and its current standing. Read More

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Postmortem evaluation of brain edema: An attempt with measurements of water content and brain-weight-to-inner-skull-circumference ratio.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Mar 5;64:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Forensic Sciences, Group of Paediatric Forensic Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway; Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. Electronic address:

Introduction: Postmortem evaluations of cerebral edema typically involve examinations of macroscopic features such as the presence of pressure signs and compression of the ventricles. Global massive edema is easily detectable in an autopsy, but less-extensive edema may be difficult to diagnose.

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare measurements of brain water contents, postmortem CT radiodensity and brain weight to skull size in edematous and nonedematous brains in order to develop an objective method for postmortem evaluations of brain edema. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.03.003DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Characteristics and relative numbers of lethal snake bite cases in medicolegal practice in central Myanmar - A five year study.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Apr 5;63:52-55. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

The University of Adelaide Medical School, Frome Road, Adelaide, SA, 5005, Australia; Forensic Science SA, 21 Divett Place, Adelaide, SA, 5000, Australia. Electronic address:

Clinical and pathological case files of lethal snakebites were reviewed from the XXXX, Magway, Myanmar, over a five-year period (January 2013 December 2017). A total of 2069 postmortem examinations were performed which included 84 cases of lethal snake bite (4.1%). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1752928X183050
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.03.005DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Fatal cardiac perforation and pulmonary embolism of leaked cement after percutaneous vertebroplasty.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Apr 5;63:48-51. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Legal Medicine, Azienda USL Toscana Nordovest, Lucca, Italy.

Percutaneous vertebroplasty consists of percutaneous injection of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) via a transpedicular approach for the treatment of collapsed osteoporotic or metastatic vertebrae. Even if percutaneous vertebroplasty is considered to be minimally invasive, threatening complications can occur. Cement leakage is the most common complication of percutaneous vertebroplasty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.03.004DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
0.989 Impact Factor

Forensic entomology application in China: Four case reports.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Apr 5;63:40-47. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Soochow University, Ganjiang East Road, Suzhou, China. Electronic address:

We present four cases that use entomological data to estimate postmortem interval (PMI). In the first case, the body was found in an outdoor environment at 26 °C and was at the fresh stage. However, the PMI estimated using maggots collected from the corpse was more than 68 h. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1752928X183017
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.03.001DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

Sudden death due to diabetic ketoacidosis following power failure of an insulin pump: Autopsy and pump data.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Apr 26;63:34-39. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, J.B. Winsløws Vej 17B, 5000, Odense C, Denmark. Electronic address:

Purpose: To report a case in which autopsy findings and data from an insulin pump illustrate the course up to the death of a 31-year-old man with a history of type 1 diabetes mellitus who was found dead in his apartment with his insulin pump disassembled and placed in another room.

Methods: Autopsy findings including histological, toxicological and biochemical examination are presented. Postmortem download of data from the insulin pump gave the history of the pump, which included blood glucose, insulin bolus, carbohydrate intake and the time course in the days to death, and the pump settings were recorded. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1752928X183067
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.02.013DOI Listing
April 2019
10 Reads

Sudden natural death behind the wheel: Review of driver deaths and fitness to drive assessment history in Victoria, Australia 2012-2013.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Apr 20;63:31-33. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Monash University, 65 Kavanagh Street, Melbourne, 3006, Australia.

This study reviews the circumstances and medical causes of death of motor vehicle drivers who died in circumstances of sudden illness whilst behind the wheel in Victoria, Australia 2012-13. The driver's fitness to drive assessment history was also examined to identify prevention opportunities. Deaths included in the study were those referred to a panel responsible for determining whether the driver fatality should be included in the official road toll, where prior doubt exists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.02.011DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Italian healthcare professionals' attitude and barriers to mandatory reporting of elder abuse: An exploratory study.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Apr 20;63:26-30. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Section of Legal Medicine, University of Bologna, Via Irnerio 49, 40126, Bologna, Italy.

Introduction: Elder abuse in recent times has reached a remarkable international importance. This complex phenomenon is still little understood and studied in Italy. The aim of this study was to explore Italian healthcare professionals' attitude and barriers toward elder abuse, with a glimpse on the current scenario and evidences to develop an action plan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.02.007DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads
0.989 Impact Factor

Post-mortem toxicology in violent fatalities in Cape Town, South Africa: A preliminary investigation.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Apr 21;63:18-25. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Division of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Anzio Road, Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa. Electronic address:

Background: In South Africa, violence-related injury and mortality contributes highly to the nation's burden of injury. Drug abuse, which is also reported to be rife across the county, has been associated with violence, resulting injury, and death. While post-mortem toxicological investigations are comprehensive and routine in violent fatalities internationally; this is not currently the case in South Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.02.005DOI Listing

A retrospective study of poisoning deaths from forensic autopsy cases in northeast China (Liaoning).

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Apr 21;63:7-10. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

School of Forensic Medicine, China Medical University, Shenyang 110122, China. Electronic address:

Acute poisoning is a public health threat that leads to morbidity and mortality worldwide. In this retrospective study, we evaluated autopsies from deaths caused by acute poisoning from 2008 to 2017 at the School of Forensic Medicine, China Medical University (SFMCMU) in the Liaoning Province, northeast China. A total of 140 poisoning deaths were investigated and the demographic characteristics, causes and manner of death, toxics category were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.02.008DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads
0.989 Impact Factor

Accuracy and reliability of virtual femur measurement from CT scan.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Apr 21;63:11-17. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Jalan Yaacob Latif, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address:

Background: In the application of scientific human skeletal variation in medico-legal matters, virtual anthropology is the current technique performed to examine skeleton and its body parts. Hence, this study was conducted to assess the accuracy and reliability of virtual femur measurement through intra and inter-observer error analysis, and comparison was made between the virtual and conventional methods.

Methods: A total of 15 femora were examined with four parameters i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.02.010DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Body mass index and fatal stroke in young adults: A national study.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Apr 14;63:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

National Drug & Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, NSW, 2052, Australia; School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, NSW, 2052, Australia.

Rates of stroke and obesity have increased in recent years. This study aimed to determine the body mass index (BMI) of fatal stroke cases amongst young adults, their clinical characteristics and the association with BMI with risk factors. All cases aged 15-44 years where death was attributed to stroke for whom BMI was available were retrieved from the National Coronial Information System (1/1/2009-31/12/2016). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.02.003DOI Listing
April 2019
9 Reads

Anal tear in a girl due to the penetration of a dog's penis. Unusual case report.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 6;62:112-114. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay.

We present the case of a six year and two months old girl who showed a large anal tear, attributed to the penetration of pet dog's penis. After several interviews with the child, as well as her parents, the paediatric psychiatrist assessed the account of events as authentic, understanding by that her narration of events approaches to the subject's truth. According with the guidelines the patient was discharged home with strict follow up by her paediatrician. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Living with the dead: A case report and review of the literature.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 7;62:107-111. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

University of Brescia, Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties(,) Radiological Sciences and Public Health, Forensic Medicine Unit, Brescia, Italy.

The discovery of human corpses in urban domestic settings does not constitute an unusual case in criminal casework. These scenarios can be very challenging to investigate since the uninformative evidences encountered also demand a multidisciplinary effort among several specialties in the forensic sciences field. The occurrence of this incident is usually accompanied by social isolation, which is an emblematic aspect of urban modern society. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Lethal strongyloidiasis - Diagnostic and forensic issues.

Authors:
Roger W Byard

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 2;62:103-106. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

School of Medicine, Level 2 Medical School North Building, The University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Forensic Science South Australia (FSSA), Adelaide, 5005, SA, Australia. Electronic address:

Strongyloidiasis is an infectious disease affecting approximately 30-100 million people globally. The main human pathogen is Strongyloides stercoralis which may cause a brief period of acute symptoms and signs after the initial infection, and then lapse into a chronic asymptomatic carrier state for decades due to the nematode's unique ability to autoinfect hosts. Immunosuppression from steroid therapy, T-lymphocytic viral (HTLV-1) infections, or a variety of underlying medical conditions may then result in dissemination and the highly lethal and infectious hyperinfection syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.014DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Estimation of birth year by radiocarbon dating of tooth enamel: Approach to obtaining enamel powder.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 29;62:97-102. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry, Yamagata University, 19-5 Kanakame, Kaminoyama, 999-3101, Japan.

Atmospheric radiocarbon (C) levels increased from 1955 to 1963 due to atmospheric nuclear weapon tests, and then decreased. As C accumulates in human tooth enamel while the enamel is being formed, C can be used to estimate the birth year of unidentified bodies. Measurement results of C content in tooth enamel using accelerator mass spectrometry vary depending on the enamel's sample site. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.013DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Toxicological findings: A retrospective overview of medico-legal investigations in Parma (Italy).

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 18;62:92-96. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Institute of Legal Medicine, Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, Italy.

The aim of this study was to collect all available data from 2009 to 2016 focusing on the epidemiological, clinical and pharmacological issues only related to acute intoxication fatalities in the Unit of Legal Medicine of the Department of Medicine and Surgery at the University of Parma. All death certificates and autopsy reports were retrieved from the archives and evaluated to identify cases in which only acute intoxication from xenobiotics could be defined as the cause of death, however statistical and descriptive analyses were applied to all the data. A more comprehensive analysis on all causes of death showed that out of 1005 total cases the most common is haemorrhagic shock/traumatic shock (36. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.011DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

The effect of cold chamber temperature on the cadaver's electrolyte changes in vitreous humor and plasma.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 23;62:87-91. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Biochemistry, JIPMER, Puducherry, India.

Determination of time since death is one of the important objectives of a medicolegal autopsy. The level of electrolytes present in the body fluids acts as a helpful indicator in this regard. Nowadays cold chambers are present in most of the autopsy centres where the body is stored for a variable period of time at a temperature which is different from the environmental temperature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.012DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Unusual case of a fatal upper esophageal trauma caused by a toothpick.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 19;62:82-86. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences and of Ethics and Medical Law, Institute of Legal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Azinhaga de Santa Comba, Celas, 3000-548, Coimbra, Portugal. Electronic address:

The authors report the case of the unexpected death of a fifty-year-old female found by her partner in the bathroom floor. External examination revealed some contusions dispersed by different corporal areas and an unusually placed green discoloration of the anterior cervical region. After neck dissection and opening the esophagus, a three and a half centimeter wooden toothpick fragment was found at the upper region, covered by a purulent substance associated with puncture wounds. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1752928X183027
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.008DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Sex estimation from skull base radiographs in a contemporary Colombian population.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 20;62:77-81. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

University Antonio Nariño, Career 3 E, No. 47A-15, Block 5, Bogotá, Colombia.

The aim is to study the sexual dimorphism of the base of the skull in radiographs of a bone collection of contemporary Colombian adults, with the intention of formulating discriminant functions capable of classifying sex in this population. The sample consisted of 115 skull base radiographs, (44 females and 71 males), which originated from the Colombian Human Skeletals Collection. Radiographs with good contrast were selected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.006DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Promoting the qualitative research approach in the discipline of forensic and legal medicine: Why more qualitative work should be promoted and how that can be achieved.

Authors:
Kieran M Kennedy

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 17;62:72-76. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

SAOLTA University Healthcare Group, Health Service Executive West, Hazelwood House, Parkmore Road, Galway, Ireland; Room 104, Comerford Medical Education Centre, Clinical Science Institute, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland. Electronic address:

Much of the existing published research in Forensic and Legal Medicine is based upon the quantitative approach, which is derived from the positivist paradigm and generally employs pre-determined data collection tools to gather data for statistical analysis with a view to testing hypotheses. It must always be remembered that clinicians are concerned not only with diagnosing and treating medical problems in a vacuum, but rather they must empathise with patients and provide care in a holistic fashion. Too narrow a focus on the quantitative approach to research will significantly limit the evidence base upon which the Discipline of Forensic and Legal Medicine can develop. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.009DOI Listing
February 2019

Age estimation by measurement of open apices in tooth roots: Study using Saudi Arabian samples.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 17;62:63-68. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontic Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, 61471, Saudi Arabia.

The aim of this study was to verify Cameriere's regression formula to predict chronologic age in Saudi Population and if proven to be inaccurate, develop a new algorithm specific for Saudi children. A total of 788 Orthopantamographs(495 boys and 293 girls) were analyzed. The tooth measurement parameters were: number of teeth with closed apex (N), open apex width (a), crown length (l), A/L ratio for each tooth (xto x) and summation of all open apex width (s). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.010DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Potential forensic application of receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and aquaporin 5 (AQP5) as novel biomarkers for diagnosis of drowning.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 17;62:56-62. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Medical Science, College of Medical Sciences, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, Chungnam, 31538, Republic of Korea; Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, College of Medical Sciences, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, Chungnam, 31538, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Drowning is the most common cause of unnatural death worldwide. There is no single biomarker to diagnose drowning, so the diagnosis of drowning is one of the most difficult tasks in forensic medicine. Especially, distinguishing a victim of drowning from a body disposed of in water following death remains a problem. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.007DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Racial differences within subsets of Sudden Unexpected Infant Death (SUID) with an emphasis on asphyxia.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 10;62:52-55. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Sanford School of Medicine, University of South Dakota, 812 Covel Ave, Sioux Falls, SD, 57104, USA.

Objective: Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths (SUID) is defined as a combination of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), Unknown Cause of Death (UCD) and Accidental Suffocation and Strangulation in Bed (ASSB). Overall rates from 2000 to 2015 have been trending down. Racial differences in occurrence are seen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.003DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Contemporary understanding of zoophilia - A multinational survey study.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 4;62:44-51. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Laboratory of Forensic Sexology, Legal Medicine, and Digital Ethnography, Felnett Health Research Foundation, 175 Zoe St, Staten Island, NY, 10305, United States; Program in the Study of Sexual Minorities and Health Policy, Felnett Health Research Foundation: Division for Eastern Europe, Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address:

Introduction: People with paraphilias have sexual interests that are unusual, including inanimate objects, places, or individuals (children, corpses). This study explores zoophiles (=PSA, people who have sex with animals) recruited from the Internet.

Method: We administered a survey of own design via the Internet on popular discussion forums targeting the communities of PSA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.12.010DOI Listing
February 2019
47 Reads

Artificial intelligence for sex determination of skeletal remains: Application of a deep learning artificial neural network to human skulls.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 4;62:40-43. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Biological Anthropology and Comparative Anatomy Research Unit, School of Medical Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, 5005, Australia.

A deep learning artificial neural network was adapted to the task of sex determination of skeletal remains. The neural network was trained on images of 900 skulls virtually reconstructed from hospital CT scans. When tested on previously unseen images of skulls, the artificial neural network showed 95% accuracy at sex determination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.004DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Evaluation of coding ill-defined and unknown causes of death in the Republic of Serbia.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 4;62:34-39. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Institute of Forensic Medicine "Milovan Milovanović", School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia. Electronic address:

One of the most frequently used indicators for the quality of mortality statistics is the use of R-codes as the cause of death (COD) in death certificates. The aim of this study was to analyse the coding of ill-defined and unknown causes of death in the Republic of Serbia (RS). The data for this descriptive study, covering a ten-year period (2006-2015), were obtained from the National Mortality Register. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.12.009DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Stature estimation from different combinations of foot measurements using linear and multiple regression analysis in a North Indian male population.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 23;62:25-33. Epub 2018 Dec 23.

Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, India.

Establishing the identity of the deceased is the most important task for forensic anthropologists in forensic case-work involving unidentified human remains. In such cases, forensic anthropologists examine the remains to derive the biological profile of the deceased i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.12.007DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
0.989 Impact Factor

Management of victims occurred in mass disaster: The experience of center Italy earthquake 2016.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 4;62:19-24. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Anatomic, Hystologic, Orthopedic and Forensic Science, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 336, 00161, Roma, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.002DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Cranial sutures and age estimation - A few reflections.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 9;61:144. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, India.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1752928X183060
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.11.005DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Pitfalls and progress in forensic research.

Authors:
Roger W Byard

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 10;61:142-143. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

School of Medicine, The University of Adelaide and Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, SA, 5000, Australia. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.09.006DOI Listing
February 2019
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Thymic changes and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

Authors:
Roger W Byard

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 10;61:141. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Adelaide Medical School, The University of Adelaide, Frome Rd, Adelaide, Australia. Electronic address:

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1752928X183028
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.09.004DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Metabolism and metabolomics of opiates: A long way of forensic implications to unravel.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 19;61:128-140. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

IINFACTS - Institute of Research and Advanced Training in Health Sciences and Technologies, Department of Sciences, University Institute of Health Sciences (IUCS), CESPU, CRL, Gandra, Portugal; UCIBIO, REQUIMTE, Laboratory of Toxicology, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal; Department of Public Health and Forensic Sciences, and Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address:

Opium poppy has important medical, socioeconomic, forensic and political implications. More than 80 benzylisoquinoline alkaloids have been described, many of them with relevant therapeutic properties such as morphine, codeine, papaverine and noscapine. Heroin, a semi-synthetic drug produced from morphine is a worldwide serious cause of morbidity and mortality. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1752928X183025
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.12.005DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

The mental health of foreign national prisoners.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 2;62:14-18. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Offender Health Research Network, University of Manchester, UK.

Foreign national prisoners include people who are subject to criminal proceedings and have been deprived of their liberty in a state in which they are neither a national nor a resident. In the United Kingdom, they constitute approximately 10,000 individuals and represent around 12% of the total prison population. Significant health disparity exists within the general prison population compared to society at large and foreign national prisoners suffer even higher rates of both physical and mental health disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.001DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Infant deaths in Pudong, Shanghai, China: A retrospective study of the police data and comparison with the centre for disease control data.

Authors:
Feng Li Xuesong Lu

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 28;62:7-13. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Criminal Science Institute, Pudong District of Shanghai Municipal Public Security Bureau, Shanghai 200125, China. Electronic address:

In China, every year many infants (<1 year) are abandoned, but abandonment related deaths are rarely reported. In this study, the police records of infant deaths in Pudong, Shanghai have been explored, then, the police data were compared with the corresponding Centre for Disease Control ("CDC") data. During the period 2004-2017, a total of 297 infant deaths were recorded by the police, including 87 sudden natural deaths (occurred outside hospitals) and 210 unnatural deaths. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1752928X183037
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.12.008DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads
0.989 Impact Factor

Postmortem IgE determination in coronary artery disease.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 24;62:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

CURML, Centre Universitaire Romand de Médecine Légale, Lausanne University Hospital, Chemin de La Vulliette 4, 1000, Lausanne 25, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Allergic, IgE-mediated inflammation is thought to play a role in atherogenesis and atherosclerotic disease progression. In this study, total IgE and mast cell tryptase were measured in a series of forensic autopsy cases including non-allergic cardiac deaths (14 cases with minimal or no coronary atherosclerosis, 14 cases with significant coronary artery atherosclerosis without acute coronary thrombosis, and 14 cases with significant coronary artery atherosclerosis and acute coronary thrombosis or myocardial infarction) and non-allergic non-cardiac deaths (21 cases with death due to hanging and 21 cases with death due to intracranial gunshot wounds), in order to correlate laboratory results with morphological findings and compare them to conclusions reported in the clinical setting. In cardiac death cases, postmortem serum total IgE levels were increased in 7 out of 42 cases and mast cell tryptase levels were increased in 3 out of 42 cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.12.006DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Estimation of the postmortem interval based on the human decomposition process.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 13;61:122-127. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Professor of Forensic Medicine and Health-criminal Law, Maastricht University, the Netherlands; Public Health Service IJsselland, Zwolle, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Postmortem interval (PMI) estimations which are used as evidence in Dutch court are sometimes solely based on the experience of the forensic physician without a scientific background. The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of agreement between forensic physicians and their PMI estimations. Fifteen cases were selected from 1534 external postmortem investigations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.12.004DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Biomechanical analysis of a femur fracture in osteoarchaeology: Reconstruction of pathomechanics, treatment and gait.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 24;61:115-121. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

University of Brescia, Department of Medical and Surgical Specialities, Radiological Sciences and Public Health, Italy.

In paleopathology, biomechanics allows us to investigate traumas in ancient skeletal remains. The aim of our current research is to reconstruct pathomechanics, treatment and gait of an individual from a Late Medieval femur with evident bone callus. In particular, to reconstruct the dynamic of the trauma that caused the injury and the adopted therapeutic measures, taking into account medical knowledges of that time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.11.009DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Optimizing denaturing HPLC as a robust technique for identification of Short Tandem Repeats (STR) in forensic medicine.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 10;61:108-114. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department and Biotechnology Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran. Electronic address:

Introduction: Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) are defined as short lengths of 2-7 base pairs spreading through human genome which due to their highly diverse individually distribution are widely applied for identity detection and other forensic medicine purposes. Burdening considerable costs by the conventional methods such as capillary electrophoresis, we aimed to compare concomitant usage of multiplex PCR and denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) as cheap, fast, highly accurate, and more accessible methods, with capillary electrophoresis (CE) to evaluate their potential for early screening of STRs.

Materials And Methods: The present study randomly included 20 blood samples from the subjects referred to forensic medicine of Semnan, Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.12.003DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads
0.989 Impact Factor

The high prevalence of pre-existing mental health complaints in clients attending Saint Mary's Sexual Assault Referral Centre: Implications for initial management and engagement with the Independent Sexual Violence Advisor service at the centre.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 5;61:102-107. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Saint Mary's Sexual Assault Referral Centre, York Place, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9WL, UK. Electronic address:

Background: The Saint Mary's Sexual Assault Referral Centre has a unique service delivery model whereby it provides an integrated physical and psychological support services to clients, women men and children, living in Greater Manchester. The service is available to those who have reported rape or sexual assault, whether this is recent or historic. Clients living in surrounding areas of Cheshire are provided with forensic and medical services at Saint Mary's Centre, with follow-up care provided locally, as appropriate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.12.001DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads