1,711 results match your criteria Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine [Journal]


Anal tear in a girl due to the penetration of a dog's penis. Unusual case report.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 6;62:112-114. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay.

We present the case of a six year and two months old girl who showed a large anal tear, attributed to the penetration of pet dog's penis. After several interviews with the child, as well as her parents, the paediatric psychiatrist assessed the account of events as authentic, understanding by that her narration of events approaches to the subject's truth. According with the guidelines the patient was discharged home with strict follow up by her paediatrician. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Living with the dead: A case report and review of the literature.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 7;62:107-111. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

University of Brescia, Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties(,) Radiological Sciences and Public Health, Forensic Medicine Unit, Brescia, Italy.

The discovery of human corpses in urban domestic settings does not constitute an unusual case in criminal casework. These scenarios can be very challenging to investigate since the uninformative evidences encountered also demand a multidisciplinary effort among several specialties in the forensic sciences field. The occurrence of this incident is usually accompanied by social isolation, which is an emblematic aspect of urban modern society. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Lethal strongyloidiasis - Diagnostic and forensic issues.

Authors:
Roger W Byard

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 2;62:103-106. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

School of Medicine, Level 2 Medical School North Building, The University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Forensic Science South Australia (FSSA), Adelaide, 5005, SA, Australia. Electronic address:

Strongyloidiasis is an infectious disease affecting approximately 30-100 million people globally. The main human pathogen is Strongyloides stercoralis which may cause a brief period of acute symptoms and signs after the initial infection, and then lapse into a chronic asymptomatic carrier state for decades due to the nematode's unique ability to autoinfect hosts. Immunosuppression from steroid therapy, T-lymphocytic viral (HTLV-1) infections, or a variety of underlying medical conditions may then result in dissemination and the highly lethal and infectious hyperinfection syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.014DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Estimation of birth year by radiocarbon dating of tooth enamel: Approach to obtaining enamel powder.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Jan 29;62:97-102. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry, Yamagata University, 19-5 Kanakame, Kaminoyama, 999-3101, Japan.

Atmospheric radiocarbon (C) levels increased from 1955 to 1963 due to atmospheric nuclear weapon tests, and then decreased. As C accumulates in human tooth enamel while the enamel is being formed, C can be used to estimate the birth year of unidentified bodies. Measurement results of C content in tooth enamel using accelerator mass spectrometry vary depending on the enamel's sample site. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.013DOI Listing
January 2019

Toxicological findings: A retrospective overview of medico-legal investigations in Parma (Italy).

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Jan 18;62:92-96. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Institute of Legal Medicine, Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, Italy.

The aim of this study was to collect all available data from 2009 to 2016 focusing on the epidemiological, clinical and pharmacological issues only related to acute intoxication fatalities in the Unit of Legal Medicine of the Department of Medicine and Surgery at the University of Parma. All death certificates and autopsy reports were retrieved from the archives and evaluated to identify cases in which only acute intoxication from xenobiotics could be defined as the cause of death, however statistical and descriptive analyses were applied to all the data. A more comprehensive analysis on all causes of death showed that out of 1005 total cases the most common is haemorrhagic shock/traumatic shock (36. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.011DOI Listing
January 2019
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The effect of cold chamber temperature on the cadaver's electrolyte changes in vitreous humor and plasma.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Jan 23;62:87-91. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Biochemistry, JIPMER, Puducherry, India.

Determination of time since death is one of the important objectives of a medicolegal autopsy. The level of electrolytes present in the body fluids acts as a helpful indicator in this regard. Nowadays cold chambers are present in most of the autopsy centres where the body is stored for a variable period of time at a temperature which is different from the environmental temperature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.012DOI Listing
January 2019

Unusual case of a fatal upper esophageal trauma caused by a toothpick.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Jan 19;62:82-86. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences and of Ethics and Medical Law, Institute of Legal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Azinhaga de Santa Comba, Celas, 3000-548, Coimbra, Portugal. Electronic address:

The authors report the case of the unexpected death of a fifty-year-old female found by her partner in the bathroom floor. External examination revealed some contusions dispersed by different corporal areas and an unusually placed green discoloration of the anterior cervical region. After neck dissection and opening the esophagus, a three and a half centimeter wooden toothpick fragment was found at the upper region, covered by a purulent substance associated with puncture wounds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.008DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Sex estimation from skull base radiographs in a contemporary Colombian population.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Jan 20;62:77-81. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

University Antonio Nariño, Career 3 E, No. 47A-15, Block 5, Bogotá, Colombia.

The aim is to study the sexual dimorphism of the base of the skull in radiographs of a bone collection of contemporary Colombian adults, with the intention of formulating discriminant functions capable of classifying sex in this population. The sample consisted of 115 skull base radiographs, (44 females and 71 males), which originated from the Colombian Human Skeletals Collection. Radiographs with good contrast were selected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.006DOI Listing
January 2019
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Promoting the qualitative research approach in the discipline of forensic and legal medicine: Why more qualitative work should be promoted and how that can be achieved.

Authors:
Kieran M Kennedy

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Jan 17;62:72-76. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

SAOLTA University Healthcare Group, Health Service Executive West, Hazelwood House, Parkmore Road, Galway, Ireland; Room 104, Comerford Medical Education Centre, Clinical Science Institute, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland. Electronic address:

Much of the existing published research in Forensic and Legal Medicine is based upon the quantitative approach, which is derived from the positivist paradigm and generally employs pre-determined data collection tools to gather data for statistical analysis with a view to testing hypotheses. It must always be remembered that clinicians are concerned not only with diagnosing and treating medical problems in a vacuum, but rather they must empathise with patients and provide care in a holistic fashion. Too narrow a focus on the quantitative approach to research will significantly limit the evidence base upon which the Discipline of Forensic and Legal Medicine can develop. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.009DOI Listing
January 2019

Age estimation by measurement of open apices in tooth roots: Study using Saudi Arabian samples.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Jan 17;62:63-68. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontic Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, 61471, Saudi Arabia.

The aim of this study was to verify Cameriere's regression formula to predict chronologic age in Saudi Population and if proven to be inaccurate, develop a new algorithm specific for Saudi children. A total of 788 Orthopantamographs(495 boys and 293 girls) were analyzed. The tooth measurement parameters were: number of teeth with closed apex (N), open apex width (a), crown length (l), A/L ratio for each tooth (xto x) and summation of all open apex width (s). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.010DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Potential forensic application of receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and aquaporin 5 (AQP5) as novel biomarkers for diagnosis of drowning.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Jan 17;62:56-62. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Medical Science, College of Medical Sciences, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, Chungnam, 31538, Republic of Korea; Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, College of Medical Sciences, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, Chungnam, 31538, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Drowning is the most common cause of unnatural death worldwide. There is no single biomarker to diagnose drowning, so the diagnosis of drowning is one of the most difficult tasks in forensic medicine. Especially, distinguishing a victim of drowning from a body disposed of in water following death remains a problem. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.007DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Racial differences within subsets of Sudden Unexpected Infant Death (SUID) with an emphasis on asphyxia.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Jan 10;62:52-55. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Sanford School of Medicine, University of South Dakota, 812 Covel Ave, Sioux Falls, SD, 57104, USA.

Objective: Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths (SUID) is defined as a combination of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), Unknown Cause of Death (UCD) and Accidental Suffocation and Strangulation in Bed (ASSB). Overall rates from 2000 to 2015 have been trending down. Racial differences in occurrence are seen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.003DOI Listing
January 2019

Contemporary understanding of zoophilia - A multinational survey study.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Jan 4;62:44-51. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Laboratory of Forensic Sexology, Legal Medicine, and Digital Ethnography, Felnett Health Research Foundation, 175 Zoe St, Staten Island, NY, 10305, United States; Program in the Study of Sexual Minorities and Health Policy, Felnett Health Research Foundation: Division for Eastern Europe, Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address:

Introduction: People with paraphilias have sexual interests that are unusual, including inanimate objects, places, or individuals (children, corpses). This study explores zoophiles (=PSA, people who have sex with animals) recruited from the Internet.

Method: We administered a survey of own design via the Internet on popular discussion forums targeting the communities of PSA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.12.010DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Artificial intelligence for sex determination of skeletal remains: Application of a deep learning artificial neural network to human skulls.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Jan 4;62:40-43. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Biological Anthropology and Comparative Anatomy Research Unit, School of Medical Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, 5005, Australia.

A deep learning artificial neural network was adapted to the task of sex determination of skeletal remains. The neural network was trained on images of 900 skulls virtually reconstructed from hospital CT scans. When tested on previously unseen images of skulls, the artificial neural network showed 95% accuracy at sex determination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.004DOI Listing
January 2019

Evaluation of coding ill-defined and unknown causes of death in the Republic of Serbia.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Jan 4;62:34-39. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Institute of Forensic Medicine "Milovan Milovanović", School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia. Electronic address:

One of the most frequently used indicators for the quality of mortality statistics is the use of R-codes as the cause of death (COD) in death certificates. The aim of this study was to analyse the coding of ill-defined and unknown causes of death in the Republic of Serbia (RS). The data for this descriptive study, covering a ten-year period (2006-2015), were obtained from the National Mortality Register. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.12.009DOI Listing
January 2019

Stature estimation from different combinations of foot measurements using linear and multiple regression analysis in a North Indian male population.

J Forensic Leg Med 2018 Dec 23;62:25-33. Epub 2018 Dec 23.

Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, India.

Establishing the identity of the deceased is the most important task for forensic anthropologists in forensic case-work involving unidentified human remains. In such cases, forensic anthropologists examine the remains to derive the biological profile of the deceased i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.12.007DOI Listing
December 2018
0.989 Impact Factor

Management of victims occurred in mass disaster: The experience of center Italy earthquake 2016.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Jan 4;62:19-24. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Anatomic, Hystologic, Orthopedic and Forensic Science, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 336, 00161, Roma, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.002DOI Listing
January 2019

Cranial sutures and age estimation - A few reflections.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 9;61:144. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.11.005DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Pitfalls and progress in forensic research.

Authors:
Roger W Byard

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 10;61:142-143. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

School of Medicine, The University of Adelaide and Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, SA, 5000, Australia. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.09.006DOI Listing
February 2019

Thymic changes and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

Authors:
Roger W Byard

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 10;61:141. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Adelaide Medical School, The University of Adelaide, Frome Rd, Adelaide, Australia. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.09.004DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Metabolism and metabolomics of opiates: A long way of forensic implications to unravel.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 19;61:128-140. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

IINFACTS - Institute of Research and Advanced Training in Health Sciences and Technologies, Department of Sciences, University Institute of Health Sciences (IUCS), CESPU, CRL, Gandra, Portugal; UCIBIO, REQUIMTE, Laboratory of Toxicology, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal; Department of Public Health and Forensic Sciences, and Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address:

Opium poppy has important medical, socioeconomic, forensic and political implications. More than 80 benzylisoquinoline alkaloids have been described, many of them with relevant therapeutic properties such as morphine, codeine, papaverine and noscapine. Heroin, a semi-synthetic drug produced from morphine is a worldwide serious cause of morbidity and mortality. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1752928X183025
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.12.005DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

The mental health of foreign national prisoners.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Jan 2;62:14-18. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Offender Health Research Network, University of Manchester, UK.

Foreign national prisoners include people who are subject to criminal proceedings and have been deprived of their liberty in a state in which they are neither a national nor a resident. In the United Kingdom, they constitute approximately 10,000 individuals and represent around 12% of the total prison population. Significant health disparity exists within the general prison population compared to society at large and foreign national prisoners suffer even higher rates of both physical and mental health disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.001DOI Listing
January 2019
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Infant deaths in Pudong, Shanghai, China: A retrospective study of the police data and comparison with the centre for disease control data.

Authors:
Feng Li Xuesong Lu

J Forensic Leg Med 2018 Dec 28;62:7-13. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Criminal Science Institute, Pudong District of Shanghai Municipal Public Security Bureau, Shanghai 200125, China. Electronic address:

In China, every year many infants (<1 year) are abandoned, but abandonment related deaths are rarely reported. In this study, the police records of infant deaths in Pudong, Shanghai have been explored, then, the police data were compared with the corresponding Centre for Disease Control ("CDC") data. During the period 2004-2017, a total of 297 infant deaths were recorded by the police, including 87 sudden natural deaths (occurred outside hospitals) and 210 unnatural deaths. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1752928X183037
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.12.008DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read
0.989 Impact Factor

Postmortem IgE determination in coronary artery disease.

J Forensic Leg Med 2018 Dec 24;62:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

CURML, Centre Universitaire Romand de Médecine Légale, Lausanne University Hospital, Chemin de La Vulliette 4, 1000, Lausanne 25, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Allergic, IgE-mediated inflammation is thought to play a role in atherogenesis and atherosclerotic disease progression. In this study, total IgE and mast cell tryptase were measured in a series of forensic autopsy cases including non-allergic cardiac deaths (14 cases with minimal or no coronary atherosclerosis, 14 cases with significant coronary artery atherosclerosis without acute coronary thrombosis, and 14 cases with significant coronary artery atherosclerosis and acute coronary thrombosis or myocardial infarction) and non-allergic non-cardiac deaths (21 cases with death due to hanging and 21 cases with death due to intracranial gunshot wounds), in order to correlate laboratory results with morphological findings and compare them to conclusions reported in the clinical setting. In cardiac death cases, postmortem serum total IgE levels were increased in 7 out of 42 cases and mast cell tryptase levels were increased in 3 out of 42 cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.12.006DOI Listing
December 2018

Estimation of the postmortem interval based on the human decomposition process.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 13;61:122-127. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Professor of Forensic Medicine and Health-criminal Law, Maastricht University, the Netherlands; Public Health Service IJsselland, Zwolle, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Postmortem interval (PMI) estimations which are used as evidence in Dutch court are sometimes solely based on the experience of the forensic physician without a scientific background. The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of agreement between forensic physicians and their PMI estimations. Fifteen cases were selected from 1534 external postmortem investigations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.12.004DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Biomechanical analysis of a femur fracture in osteoarchaeology: Reconstruction of pathomechanics, treatment and gait.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 24;61:115-121. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

University of Brescia, Department of Medical and Surgical Specialities, Radiological Sciences and Public Health, Italy.

In paleopathology, biomechanics allows us to investigate traumas in ancient skeletal remains. The aim of our current research is to reconstruct pathomechanics, treatment and gait of an individual from a Late Medieval femur with evident bone callus. In particular, to reconstruct the dynamic of the trauma that caused the injury and the adopted therapeutic measures, taking into account medical knowledges of that time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.11.009DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Optimizing denaturing HPLC as a robust technique for identification of Short Tandem Repeats (STR) in forensic medicine.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 10;61:108-114. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department and Biotechnology Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran. Electronic address:

Introduction: Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) are defined as short lengths of 2-7 base pairs spreading through human genome which due to their highly diverse individually distribution are widely applied for identity detection and other forensic medicine purposes. Burdening considerable costs by the conventional methods such as capillary electrophoresis, we aimed to compare concomitant usage of multiplex PCR and denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) as cheap, fast, highly accurate, and more accessible methods, with capillary electrophoresis (CE) to evaluate their potential for early screening of STRs.

Materials And Methods: The present study randomly included 20 blood samples from the subjects referred to forensic medicine of Semnan, Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.12.003DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads
0.989 Impact Factor

The high prevalence of pre-existing mental health complaints in clients attending Saint Mary's Sexual Assault Referral Centre: Implications for initial management and engagement with the Independent Sexual Violence Advisor service at the centre.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 5;61:102-107. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Saint Mary's Sexual Assault Referral Centre, York Place, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9WL, UK. Electronic address:

Background: The Saint Mary's Sexual Assault Referral Centre has a unique service delivery model whereby it provides an integrated physical and psychological support services to clients, women men and children, living in Greater Manchester. The service is available to those who have reported rape or sexual assault, whether this is recent or historic. Clients living in surrounding areas of Cheshire are provided with forensic and medical services at Saint Mary's Centre, with follow-up care provided locally, as appropriate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.12.001DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Why we can't determine reliably the age of a subject on the basis of his maturation degree.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 5;61:97-101. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Past Director of the Complex Unit of Auxology, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Università degli Studi di Torino, Turin, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: Maturation is the irreversible biological process leading to adult form or function. The degree of maturation can be derived from the examination of maturity indicators, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.12.002DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Fatal atlantoaxial dislocation due to an odontoid synchondrosis fracture in a child with chromosome 9 abnormality: A case report.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 29;61:92-96. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Legal Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba city, Chiba Prefecture, 260-8670, Japan; Department of Forensic Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan.

A 5-year-old boy with a chromosome-9 abnormality and multiple external and visceral malformations was found in cardiopulmonary arrest during a regular visit to the hospital; he did not respond to cardiopulmonary resuscitation and died. An odontoid process fracture and calcification and fibrosis of the muscles around the superior cervical vertebra were observed during the autopsy. Postmortem computed tomography revealed an anterior dislocation of the atlas; odontoid synchondrosis fracture; and delayed, incomplete bony fusion of the odontoid process relative to his age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.11.011DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Sudden and unexpected death due to intracranial sellar extramedullary plasmacytoma.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 26;61:89-91. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Institute od Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Slovak Medical University and Cytopathos Ltd., Limbova 12, 833 03 Bratislava, Slovakia. Electronic address:

The incidence of sudden death caused by undiagnosed primary intracranial neoplasm in young adults is extremely low. The aim of the work is to present a case report of the sudden death of a 24-year-old woman. The autopsy has revealed enlargement of sella turcica with an intrasellar tumorous mass extending into the adjacent basal parts of the brain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.11.012DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Risk management and provider liabilities in infantile cerebral palsy based on malpractice litigation cases.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 25;61:82-88. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Public Health, China Hospital Development Institute of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China. Electronic address:

Aim: Infantile cerebral palsy (CP) severely affects the survival and quality of life of infants. CP is typically caused by multiple factors, leading to causal uncertainty of the role of medical errors in CP and resulting in frequent medical disputes. No relevant research exists on risk management and malpractice liabilities in CP, including in China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.11.010DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Successful analysis of a 100 years old semen stain generating a complete DNA STR profile.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 19;61:78-81. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Reparto Investigazioni Scientifiche Carabinieri di Cagliari, Piazza San Bartolomeo 29, 09126, Cagliari, Italy. Electronic address:

We performed forensic investigations on a handkerchief containing seminal fluid deposited 100 years earlier. The aim was to verify the possibility to achieve a complete genetic profile exceeding the limit of success reached until today with a partial semen stain profile stored up to 50 years. The current forensic methods were carried out: Alternative Light Source (ALS), Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test, autosomal and Y-chromosome Short Tandem Repeats (STRs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.11.008DOI Listing
February 2019

The Danger of a single story about forensic humanitarianism.

Authors:
Adam Rosenblatt

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 15;61:75-77. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Duke University East Duke 210-B 1304 Campus Drive Durham, NC, 27708, USA. Electronic address:

Since the mid-1980s, forensic scientists have played a crucial role in the international response to mass violence, contributing evidence to war crimes tribunals and identifying bodies to end the tortuous uncertainty of loved ones. Recently, experts at the International Committee for the Red Cross have described these activities using the term "humanitarian forensic action," applying it from the field's origins in Argentina to the multiple organizations and types of projects that exist today. This article cautions against any account of the history of humanitarian forensic action, or its contemporary landscape, that is so simple and unified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.11.007DOI Listing
February 2019

Not quite anyone's guess: Brexit, forensic science and legal medicine.

Authors:
Tim J Wilson

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 15;61:73-74. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Northumbria University Law School, City Campus 1, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 8ST, UK. Electronic address:

A few months before 29th March 2019 - the date when the UK is due to leave the EU ('Brexit') - the nature of the future UK-EU relationship is highly uncertain. Some of the consequences of the new relationship - whatever form it takes - for legal cooperation and everything (including forensic science and legal medicine) that underpins it can be anticipated. Further analysis, however, of the scope and significance of Brexit for the professional and academic scientific and clinical work covered by this journal is needed urgently. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.10.010DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Eradicating the legacy of Othello: Western Sydney University's attempt to raise awareness of intimate partner violence.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 8;61:69-72. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia.

In Australia scant attention is given to teaching medical students how to identify and manage intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual assault (SA). In Australia one woman dies weekly from IPV and the prevalence of IPV in Australian women is 29 percent. The Australian Prime Minister labelled it a 'national disgrace' and yet, of the five World Health Organisation (WHO) regions, the Western Pacific Region has the lowest rates in the world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.11.002DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Comparison of post-mortem ethanol level in blood and bone marrow.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 10;61:65-68. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Department of Forensic Medicine of Wroclaw Medical University, Poland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.11.003DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

Toxicological findings in 1000 cases of suspected drug facilitated sexual assault in the United States.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 10;61:56-64. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

The Center for Forensic Science Research and Education (CFSRE), 2300 Stratford Ave, Willow Grove, PA, 19090, USA; NMS Labs, 2300 Welsh Rd, Willow Grove, PA, 19090, USA.

The purpose of this study was to identify the extent and types of drugs found in alleged drug facilitated sexual assaults (DFSA) in 37 states and 1 territory of the United States. In total, 1000 cases were reviewed. Between the cases that gender was provided (613), most of the victims (91. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.11.006DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

The multi-factorial determinism of forensic expertise regarding sentence interruption on medical grounds and decision.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 10;61:45-55. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

"Victor Babes" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania. Electronic address:

The topic proposed by this research is the complex determinism or requesting forensic expertise for the purpose of postponing or interrupting a sentence in medical ground. Within the topic, it was necessary to perform a complex analysis on several aspects of inmate life, from the point of view of their rights and especially the right to medical assistance. We have included aspects related to the evolution of the legal framework and current regulations, to the status of medical assistance in the penitentiary environment (illustrating realities related to morbidity and mortality) and to the doctor-patient relationship during a forensic expertise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.10.005DOI Listing
February 2019

Can pulmonary foam arise after postmortem submersion in water? An animal experimental pilot study.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 10;61:40-44. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Amsterdam Public Health Service, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

It is difficult to differentiate drowning from postmortem submersion. Pulmonary foam can be found in bodies retrieved from water. It is unknown whether foam is a result of drowning or if it also forms after postmortem submersion. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1752928X183045
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.11.004DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Review of a forensic pseudoscience: Identification of criminals from bitemark patterns.

Authors:
C Michael Bowers

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 3;61:34-39. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

University of Southern California, Ostrow School of Dentistry, 2284 S. Victoria Ave., Suite 1-G, Ventura, CA, 93003, USA. Electronic address:

The forensic sciences are a combination of laboratory procedures and physical comparisons of objects associated with victims, perpetrators, and crime scenes. The former is largely university-based protocols adopted by crime labs. The latter is predominantly pattern-matching tools originally developed by police examiners or experts deemed by courts to be relevant to forensic matters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.11.001DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Ethical challenges of kidney sale: A review of three major assumptions based on the theories of Ṭabāṭabā'ī.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 1;61:27-33. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

This paper seeks to provide an ethical assessment of kidney sale based on the theories of a contemporary Shiite theologian, Muḥammad Ḥussain Ṭabāṭabā'ī. It aims to offer a mechanism to decide the justifiability or unjustifiability of kidney sale in ethical terms. Ṭabāṭabā'ī considers ''Divine Consent'' as the criterion for the morality of an action. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.10.009DOI Listing
February 2019
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Domestic-setting corpses, an urban problem?

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 25;61:22-26. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Epidemiology, Health Promotion and Care Innovation, Public Health Service of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 100, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

This study describes the domestic-setting corpses that remain unnoticed for two weeks or more. It compares the occurrence of this phenomenon in the city of Amsterdam with the surrounding municipalities of Amsterdam (SMA). Data of 437 cases were extracted from the forensic medical register of Amsterdam. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.10.006DOI Listing
February 2019

Homicidal poisoning in India: A short review.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 23;61:13-16. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Forensic Medicine, ESIC Medical College & Hospital, NH3, NIT3, Faridabad, 121001, India. Electronic address:

This review has analysed various studies and case reports on homicide by poison from different parts of India till date. This review shows that homicidal poisoning prevalence varies from 0.3% to 3. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1752928X183031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.10.003DOI Listing
February 2019
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The appearance of breast cancer metastases on dry bone: Implications for forensic anthropology.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 25;61:5-12. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

LABANOF, Laboratorio Di Antropologia E Odontologia Forense, Sezione Di Medicina Legale, Dipartimento Di Scienze Biomediche per La Salute, Università Degli Studi Di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Breast carcinoma is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in women. The study of bone pathologies presents considerable potential in anthropology, paleopathology, forensic science and medicine. In this paper, we present and discuss metastatic lesions found in the skeletons of known individuals from the CAL Milano Cemetery Skeletal Collection, clinically diagnosed with breast cancer during life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.10.007DOI Listing
February 2019
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Intimate partner femicide in Eskisehir, Turkey 25 years analysis.

J Forensic Leg Med 2018 Nov 6;60:56-60. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Eskisehir State Hospital, Turkey.

Introduction: and Objective: Femicide can be defined as violence caused by gender discrimination which results in the death of a woman. In this study, the characteristics of the femicide cases of the last 25 years that have been encountered in Eskisehir, Turkey will be evaluated. It is intended for this article to make a valuable contribution to the existing literature on femicide by adding new data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.10.002DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads