497 results match your criteria Journal of Foot and Ankle Research [Journal]


Foot and ankle characteristics and dynamic knee valgus in individuals with patellofemoral osteoarthritis.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 11;11:65. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

1School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland 4072 Australia.

Study Design: Controlled laboratory study; cross-sectional design.

Background: Foot and ankle characteristics and dynamic knee valgus differ in people with and without patellofemoral (PF) pain. However, it is unknown if these characteristics are evident in people with PF osteoarthritis (OA), compared to pain-free older adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0310-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6290542PMC
December 2018

A survey of foot orthoses prescription habits amongst podiatrists in the UK, Australia and New Zealand.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 26;11:64. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

8York Trials Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK.

Background: Foot orthoses are frequently used but little is known about which types are used in contemporary practice. This study aimed to explore the types of foot orthoses currently used by podiatrists and the prescription variations in a range of conditions.

Methods: A web-based, cross-sectional survey was distributed through professional bodies in the United Kingdom (UK), Australia, and New Zealand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0304-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6258496PMC
November 2018
1 Read

How does a short period of exercise effect toe pressures and toe-brachial indices? A cross-sectional exploratory study.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 26;11:63. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

1School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Ourimbah, NSW 2258 Australia.

Background: Whilst post exercise ankle-brachial indices (ABI) are commonly used to help identify peripheral arterial disease (PAD), the role of post exercise toe pressures (TP) or toe-brachial indices (TBI) is unclear The aim of this study was to determine, in a population without clinical signs of PAD, the effect that 30 s of weight-bearing heel raises has on TP and TBI values. Additionally, the ability of resting TP and TBI values to predict change in post-exercise values using the heel raise method was investigated.

Methods: Participants over the age of 18 with a resting TBI of ≥0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0309-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6258309PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Validation of a weight bearing ankle equinus value in older adults with diabetes.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 21;11:62. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

1School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health, University of Newcastle, PO Box 127, Ourimbah, NSW 2258 Australia.

Background: Accurate measurement of ankle joint dorsiflexion is clinically important as a restriction has been linked to many foot and ankle pathologies, as well as increased ulcer risk and delayed ulcer healing in people with diabetes. Use of the reliable weight bearing (WB) Lunge test is limited as normal and restricted ranges for WB ankle joint dorsiflexion are not identified. Additionally the extent of WB dorsiflexion restriction that results in clinically adverse outcomes is unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0306-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249959PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Antibiotic prophylaxis in foot and ankle surgery: a systematic review of the literature.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 15;11:61. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Podiatric Surgery, Ilkeston Hospital, Heanor Road, Ilkeston, Heanor, DE7 8LN UK.

Background: With the advent of bacterial resistance, it is important now more than ever to evaluate use of antibiotic chemoprophylaxis in foot and ankle surgery. Within this area of the body there may be less dissection, surgery time with smaller incisions and importantly smaller sizes of implanted fixation as compared to other bone and joint procedures. Our objective was to systematically evaluate the quality of evidence behind existing guidelines. Read More

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https://jfootankleres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0303-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6238341PMC
November 2018
8 Reads

Reliability of a multi-segment foot model in a neutral cushioning shoe during treadmill walking.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 14;11:60. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

1SoleScience Inc., Fowler Kennedy Sports Medicine Clinic, 3M Building, Western University, London, ON N6A 3K7 Canada.

Background: Detailed kinematics of the foot has been frequently reported on in the literature, specifically using various multi-segment foot models. It is important to identify the reliability of a multi-segment foot model in a population of mixed genders and activity levels, while walking in commonly used footwear. The main objective of this study was to investigate the between-day reliability and within-session variability of the Oxford Foot Model (OFM) while walking in a neutral cushioning shoe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0301-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6236956PMC
November 2018

Physical and mechanical therapies for lower limb symptoms in children with Hypermobility Spectrum Disorder and Hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome: a systematic review.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 7;11:59. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

1School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Central Coast Campus, Ourimbah, NSW 2258 Australia.

Background: Hypermobility Spectrum Disorder and Hypermobile Ehlers Danlos Syndrome are two common heritable genetic disorders of connective tissue. Both conditions are characterised by excessive joint range of motion and the presence of musculoskeletal symptoms, and are associated with joint instability, motion incoordination, decreased joint position sense, and musculoskeletal pain. Hypermobility Spectrum Disorder is the new classification for what was previously known as Joint Hypermobility Syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0302-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6222981PMC
November 2018
6 Reads

Welcome to the new editorial team.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 19;11:58. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0298-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6194722PMC
October 2018

Distances from the deep plantar arch to the lesser metatarsals at risk during osteotomy: a fresh cadaveric study.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 16;11:57. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

1Department of Orthopedics, Institute of Biomedical Science, Tokushima University Graduate School, 3-18-15 Kuramoto, Tokushima, 770-8503 Japan.

Background: The deep plantar arch is formed by anastomosis of the lateral and deep plantar arteries. Osteotomy of the lesser metatarsals is often used to treat metatarsalgia and forefoot deformity. Although it is known that some blood vessels supplying the lesser metatarsals are prone to damage during osteotomy, there is little information on the distances between the deep plantar arch and the three lesser metatarsals. Read More

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https://jfootankleres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0300-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191921PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

Prefabricated foot orthoses compared to a placebo intervention for the treatment of chronic nonspecific low back pain: a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 16;11:56. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Discipline of Podiatry, University of Newcastle, 10 Chittaway Road, Ourimbah, NSW 2258 Australia.

Background: Prefabricated foot orthoses are used to treat chronic nonspecific low back pain, however their effectiveness and potential mechanism of action is unclear. The primary aims of the study are to investigate the effectiveness of prefabricated foot orthotic devices for reducing pain and improving function in people with chronic nonspecific low back pain over 52 weeks.

Methods: This study is a participant and assessor blinded, parallel-group, superiority randomised (1:1) controlled trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0299-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6192308PMC
October 2018

Effect of plano-valgus foot posture on midfoot kinematics during barefoot walking in an adolescent population.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 1;11:55. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

2Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Mangiagalli, 31, 20133 Milan, Italy.

Background: Plano-valgus is a common alteration of the paediatric foot, characterized by valgus hindfoot, foot pronation and drop of the medial longitudinal arch. Despite their importance in the diagnosis and classification of plano-valgus foot condition, little information is available on functional alterations of the major joints spanning the medial longitudinal arch - i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0297-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6167855PMC
October 2018

Charcot neuroarthropathy patient education among podiatrists in Scotland: a modified Delphi approach.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 24;11:54. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

2Podiatry Department, School of Health Sciences, Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK.

Background: This evaluation sought to determine current Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) diabetes patient education practices among Scottish National Health Service (NHS) and academic podiatrists and evaluate novel visual tools and develop expert consensus for future practice.

Methods: Questionnaires collected mixed qualitative and quantitative responses, analysed concurrently within a convergence coding matrix. Delphi methodology permitted member-checking and agreement of consensus over two rounds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0296-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6154915PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Sex-related differences in coordination and variability among foot joints during running.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 17;11:53. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Institute for Human Movement and Medical Sciences, 1398 Shimami-cho, Kita-Ku, Niigata City, Niigata 950-3198 Japan.

Background: Women, as compared with men, have a higher proportion of injuries in the ankle/foot region. However, the reason for this sex-related difference in foot injuries remains unclear. Recently, joint coordination and variability of coordination have been suggested to be a critical index for defining both the state of injury and the potential risk of injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0295-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6142367PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Special theme article: science and sociology of footwear.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 14;11:52. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Directorate of Prosthetics, Orthotics and Podiatry, Univeristy of Salford, Salford, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0293-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6137866PMC
September 2018

Effect of high and low-supportive footwear on female tri-planar knee moments during single limb landing.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 10;11:51. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

1Centre for Health Exercise & Sports Medicine, Department of Physiotherapy, The University of Melbourne, 161 Barry St, Melbourne, 3052 Australia.

Background: Higher landing-related external knee joint moments at later stages of female pubertal development likely contribute to a higher incidence of non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Athletic footwear may provide a potential strategy to alter higher knee moments.

Methods: Thirty-one late/post-pubertal girls (Tanner stage IV-V, menarche and growth spurt attained) performed a single limb drop lateral jump in three footwear conditions (barefoot, low support shoes and high support shoes), in which peak knee abduction moment (KAbM), flexion moment (KFM) and internal rotation moments (KIRM) were measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0294-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6131882PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Peroneal muscle activity during different types of walking.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 3;11:50. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Sport, Gortanova 22, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Background: As the most common form of movement, walking happens not only on flat but also on uneven surfaces, where constant loss and regaining of balance occur. The main balancing function of the ankle joint is performed by tibial muscles. When changing inclination in a frontal plane, an essential balancing function is performed by the peroneal muscles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0291-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6122778PMC
September 2018

Self-reported social and activity restrictions accompany local impairments in posterior tibial tendon dysfunction: a systematic review.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 30;11:49. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Department of Physiotherapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) is a painful, progressive tendinopathy that reportedly predominates in middle-age, overweight women. There is no evidence based guidelines that clinicians can use to guide treatment planning, which leaves clinicians to make decisions on the basis of presenting clinical impairments and self-reported pain and disability. The purpose of this systematic review was to quantify clinical impairments, pain and disability in individuals with PTTD compared with controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0292-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6117981PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

Foot pain and foot health in an educated population of adults: results from the Glasgow Caledonian University Alumni Foot Health Survey.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 17;11:48. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

School of Health & Life Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow, G4 0BA Scotland, UK.

Background: Foot pain is common amongst the general population and impacts negatively on physical function and quality of life. Associations between personal health characteristics, lifestyle/behaviour factors and foot pain have been studied; however, the role of wider determinants of health on foot pain have received relatively little attention. Objectives of this study are i) to describe foot pain and foot health characteristics in an educated population of adults; ii) to explore associations between moderate-to-severe foot pain and a variety of factors including gender, age, medical conditions/co-morbidity/multi-morbidity, key indicators of general health, foot pathologies, and social determinants of health; and iii) to evaluate associations between moderate-to-severe foot pain and foot function, foot health and health-related quality-of-life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0290-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6098653PMC

The inter- and intra-rater reliability of the Maestro and Barroco metatarsal length measurement techniques.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 16;11:47. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

University of Western Australia, School of Surgery, Podiatric Medicine, Crawley, Western Australia 6009 Australia.

Background: The relationship between metatarsal length and various forefoot pathologies is a topic of contention in Orthopaedics. The results of such investigations have been shown to depend on the method of metatarsal length measurement used. The aim of this study was to assess the inter- and intra-rater reliability of the Maestro and Barroco metatarsal length measurement techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0289-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6097434PMC

Entry points of nutrient arteries at risk during osteotomy of the lesser metatarsals: a fresh cadaveric study.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 8;11:46. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

1Department of Orthopedics, Institute of Biomedical Science, Tokushima University Graduate School, 3-18-15 Kuramoto, Tokushima, 770-8503 Japan.

Background: Osteotomies of the lesser (second to fourth) metatarsals are often used to correct forefoot deformities. However, certain areas of the lesser metatarsals where arteries may be prone to damage during surgery, and the resulting nonunion and delayed union could cause serious problems. This study sought to identify the nutrient arteries of the lesser metatarsals and to determine how osteotomy could injure these vessels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0288-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6083557PMC

A randomised cross over study to evaluate the performance of a novel ankle dorsiflexion measurement device for novice users.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 31;11:45. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Clinical Academic Facility, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ UK.

Background: The ankle joint is a common site of musculoskeletal pathology. Measurement of its functional range of motion is a primary indicator for rehabilitation outcomes in therapy settings. The present study was designed to assess reliability and validity of a new standardised method using a D-Flex device to assess ankle range of motion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0286-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6069889PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Journal of Foot and Ankle Research: the first ten years.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 1;11:44. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

2Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

Journal of Foot and Ankle Research (JFAR) was launched in July 2008 as the official research publication of the Society of Chiropodists and Podiatrists (UK) and the Australasian Podiatry Council, replacing both the British Journal of Podiatry and the Australasian Journal of Podiatric Medicine. This editorial celebrates the 10 year anniversary of the journal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0287-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6069877PMC

Incorrectly fitted footwear, foot pain and foot disorders: a systematic search and narrative review of the literature.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 28;11:43. Epub 2018 Jul 28.

1La Trobe Sport and Exercise Medicine Research Centre, School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Melbourne, VIC 3086 Australia.

Background: Correct footwear fitting is acknowledged as being vitally important, as incorrectly fitted footwear has been linked to foot pathology. The aim of this narrative review was to determine the prevalence of incorrectly fitted footwear and to examine the association between incorrectly fitted footwear, foot pain and foot disorders.

Methods: A database search of Ovid MEDLINE and CINAHL yielded 1,681 citations for title and abstract review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0284-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6064070PMC
November 2018
7 Reads

Being barefoot. Prevalence at home, in school and during sport: a cross-sectional survey of 714 New Zealand secondary school boys.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 18;11:42. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

2Human Potential Centre, School of Sport and Recreation, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background: It may be assumed that a combination of culture, climate and economic resource are the major reasons that non-industrialised countries have a higher prevalence of barefoot activity. New Zealand is an industrialised country with comparable resources to that of many European countries; however, it seems to remain socially acceptable to carry out barefoot activities. A chance observation of students competing barefoot on a tartan track, prompted us to determine the prevalence of barefoot activity in an all-boys secondary school in Auckland New Zealand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0285-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6052583PMC
November 2018

Effectiveness of a multicenter training programme to teach point-of-care vascular ultrasound for the detection of peripheral arterial disease in people with diabetes.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 16;11:41. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

1Imperial Vascular Unit, Imperial College NHS Healthcare Trust, St Mary's Hospital, QEQM building, Praed Street, London, W21NY UK.

Background: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a training programme to teach a focused bedside ultrasound scan (PAD-scan; Podiatry Ankle Duplex Scan) for the detection of arterial disease in people with diabetes.

Methods: Five podiatrists and one diabetologist across two hospitals were enrolled in a structured training programme consisting of a training course (1-day), supervised scanning (5-weeks), independent scanning (3-weeks) and a final evaluation of performance (1-day).Time, technical skills and accuracy (level of agreement with vascular scientist PAD-scan assessment) were assessed for every supervised scan and again for the final evaluation of performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0283-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6048877PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Implementing a podiatry prescribing mentoring program in a public health service: a cost-description study.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 13;11:40. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

1Peninsula Health, Community Health, Hastings Rd, Frankston, VIC 3199 Australia.

Background: In the management of diabetes and high-risk patients, timely treatment with scheduled medicines is critical to prevent severe infections and reduce the risk of lower extremity amputation. However, in Australia, few podiatrists have attained endorsement to prescribe. The aims of this study were to identify the costs associated with developing and implementing a podiatry prescribing mentoring program; and to compare the cost of this program against potential healthcare savings produced. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0282-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6043946PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Big issues for small feet: developmental, biomechanical and clinical narratives on children's footwear.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 6;11:39. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

2Centre for Health Research, University of Salford, Salford, UK.

The effects of footwear on the development of children's feet has been debated for many years and recent work from the developmental and biomechanical literature has challenged long-held views about footwear and the impact on foot development. This narrative review draws upon existing studies from developmental, biomechanical and clinical literature to explore the effects of footwear on the development of the foot. The emerging findings from this support the need for progress in [children's] footwear science and advance understanding of the interaction between the foot and shoe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0281-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6034280PMC
November 2018

The PodPAD project: a podiatry-led integrated pathway for people with peripheral arterial disease in the UK - a pilot study.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 4;11:26. Epub 2018 Jun 4.

3Sheffield Hallam University /Combined Community & Acute Care Group, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, UK.

Background: Peripheral arterial disease affects the lower limb and is associated with diabetes, high cholesterol, smoking and obesity. It increases the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. It can be symptomatic causing intermittent claudication, but often there are few clinical signs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0269-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5987540PMC
November 2018

Characteristics of footwear worn by people with systemic lupus erythematosus: a comparison with age- and sex-matched healthy controls: a pilot study.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 5;11:38. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

1Department of Podiatry, Health & Rehabilitation Research Institute, Auckland University of Technology, Private Bag 92006, Auckland, 1142 New Zealand.

Background: To determine characteristics of footwear worn by people with systematic lupus erythematosus (SLE).

Methods: Twenty-two people with SLE and twenty matched healthy controls participated in a cross-sectional study. Objective assessments of footwear included: fit, style, structure, motion control, cushioning, and wear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0280-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6034330PMC
November 2018

Multidisciplinary recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of foot problems in people with rheumatoid arthritis.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 4;11:37. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

2Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Foot problems in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are highly prevalent and have a substantial impact on quality of life. Healthcare professionals from various professions can be involved in the management of these foot problems. There is currently no consensus on optimal management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0276-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6030746PMC
November 2018

South African podiatry students' perceptions of feedback given as part of clinical training.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 3;11:36. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Department of Podiatry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Johannesburg, P O Box 524, Auckland Park, Johannesburg, Gauteng 2006 South Africa.

Background: As part of their clinical training podiatry students spend time in clinical settings treating patients under the supervision of qualified podiatrists. The role and purpose of feedback during such clinical training is to improve students' knowledge, skills and behaviour. Feedback is an integral part of the learning process that should enhance students' clinical learning experiences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0279-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6029166PMC
November 2018
8 Reads

Changes in foot pain, structure and function following bariatric surgery.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 28;11:35. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

1College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University, Bedford Park, South Australia 5042 Australia.

Background: Bariatric surgery candidates have a high prevalence of foot pain, depression and elevated plantar pressures. There is, however, limited research into how these factors interact pre- and post-surgery. The aims of this study were therefore to investigate the mechanical and non-mechanical factors associated with foot pain severity before, and the change after, surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0277-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6022514PMC
November 2018

Effect of knee unloading shoes on regional plantar forces in people with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis - an exploratory study.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 26;11:34. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

2Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC Australia.

Background: Knee 'unloading' footwear can reduce the external knee adduction moment in people with knee osteoarthritis, yet effects of these shoes on regional plantar forces are unknown. We evaluated the effects of unloading shoes on in-shoe regional plantar forces, and whether measures of foot posture and/or mobility moderate these effects in people with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis.

Methods: In this exploratory study 21 participants underwent testing while wearing knee unloading shoes (ASICS GEL-Melbourne OA) and conventional shoes in random order. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0278-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6019230PMC
October 2018
9 Reads

An anatomically-based masking protocol for the assessment of in-shoe plantar pressure measurement of the forefoot.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 15;11:31. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

3Discipline of Podiatry, School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC 3086 Australia.

Background: The area beneath the metatarsal heads is a common location of foot pain, which is often associated with high plantar pressures. Current plantar pressure assessment protocols focus mainly on the gross area of the forefoot with minimal attention paid to specific areas such as the metatarsal heads. The aim of this study was to develop and assess a new anatomically-based masking protocol that is clinically relevant to measure forefoot plantar pressure during shod conditions based on the anatomical positions of the metatarsal heads. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0271-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6003026PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Reliability and correlates of cross-sectional area of abductor hallucis and the medial belly of the flexor hallucis brevis measured by ultrasound.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 7;11:28. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

1Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW Australia.

Background: Weakness of the intrinsic foot muscles is thought to produce deformity, disability and pain. Assessing intrinsic foot muscles in isolation is a challenge; however ultrasound might provide a solution. The aims of this study were to assess the reproducibility of assessing the size of abductor halluces (AbH) and the medial belly of flexor hallucis brevis (FHBM) muscles, and identify their relationship with toe strength, foot morphology and balance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0259-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5992769PMC
October 2018
1.830 Impact Factor

Development of the infant foot as a load bearing structure: study protocol for a longitudinal evaluation (the Small Steps study).

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 20;11:33. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

1Centre for Health Sciences Research, University of Salford, Frederick Road, Salford, UK.

Background: An improved understanding of the structural and functional development of the paediatric foot is fundamental to a strong theoretical framework for health professionals and scientists. An infant's transition from sitting, through crawling and cruising, to walking is when the structures and function of the foot must adapt to bearing load. The adaptation of skin and other hard and soft tissue, and foot and gait biomechanics, during this time is poorly understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0273-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6011338PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Sarcopenia increases the risk for mortality in patients who undergo amputation for diabetic foot.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 19;11:32. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Olympic-ro 43 gil 88, Seoul, 05505 Republic of Korea.

Background: Although there have been reports that diabetes affects the prevalence of sarcopenia, no studies have examined the relationship between sarcopenia and mortality in patients undergoing leg amputation. The purpose of this study is to determine whether sarcopenia affects the mortality rate of patients undergoing diabetic foot amputation.

Methods: From among patients who underwent limb amputation for diabetes complications, this study included 167 patients who underwent abdominal CT within 1 year of amputation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0274-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6006937PMC
October 2018
14 Reads
1.830 Impact Factor

Sociology of the professions: what it means for podiatry.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 14;11:30. Epub 2018 Jun 14.

3Southern Cross University, Military Drive, Lismore, 2480 Australia.

Background: The health professions have progressed and evolved considerably over the last few decades in response to demographic, technological, societal and political changes. They continue to do so as the volume and complexity of population health needs steadily increase. Role boundary expansion is among the key changes to the health professions, including podiatry to meet demand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0275-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6000928PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Management of peripheral arterial disease in diabetes: a national survey of podiatry practice in the United Kingdom.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 8;11:29. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

1Department of Vascular Surgery, Imperial College NHS Healthcare Trust, London, UK.

Background: We aimed to investigate podiatry practice in diagnosing peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in diabetes, decision making once PAD is suspected and limitations of referral pathways.

Methods: A survey, comprising 26 questions was distributed to podiatrists across the UK via mailing lists of collaborating organizations including the College of Podiatry (UK). Response rates were estimated based on NHS workforce data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0270-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5994074PMC
October 2018
1 Read

UK podiatrists' experiences of podiatry services for people living with arthritis: a qualitative investigation.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 5;11:27. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

1Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southampton, Highfield Campus Building 45, University Road, Southampton, Hampshire SO17 1BJ UK.

Background: Provision of podiatry services, like other therapies in the UK, is an area that lacks guidance by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Many individuals living with arthritis in the UK are not eligible to access NHS podiatry services. The primary aim of this investigation was to understand the views of podiatry clinicians on their experiences of referral, access, provision and treatment for foot problems for patients who have arthritis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0262-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5989380PMC
October 2018

The identification and appraisal of assessment tools used to evaluate metatarsus adductus: a systematic review of their measurement properties.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 1;11:25. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

1University of South Australia, School of Health Science, Adelaide, SA 5000 Australia.

Background: Metatarsus adductus is the most common congenital foot deformity in newborns. It involves adduction of the metatarsals at the Lisfranc joint. A systematic literature review was conducted to investigate the following question: What tools are used to identify and quantify metatarsus adductus and how reliable, valid and responsive are they?

Methods: The following electronic databases were searched for studies describing tools for the identification and quantification of metatarsus adductus in adults and children published from inception to June 2016: Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science and AMED. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0268-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5984762PMC
October 2018

A protocol for a randomised controlled trial of prefabricated versus customised foot orthoses for people with rheumatoid arthritis: the FOCOS RA trial [Foot Orthoses - Customised v Off-the-Shelf in Rheumatoid Arthritis].

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 31;11:24. Epub 2018 May 31.

2Glasgow Caledonian University, Institute for Applied Health Research, School of Health & Life Sciences, Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow, Scotland G4 0BA UK.

Background: Foot pain is common in rheumatoid arthritis and appears to persist despite modern day medical management. Several clinical practice guidelines currently recommend the use of foot orthoses for the treatment of foot pain in people with rheumatoid arthritis. However, an evidence gap currently exists concerning the comparative clinical- and cost-effectiveness of prefabricated and customised foot orthoses in people with early rheumatoid arthritis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0272-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5984424PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Footwear choices for painful feet - an observational study exploring footwear and foot problems in women.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 31;11:23. Epub 2018 May 31.

School of Life Sciences and Education, Staffordshire University, Leek Road, Stoke on Trent, ST4 2DF UK.

Background: A high percentage of the population report footwear related foot pain, yet there is limited research on the effect footwear has on the development of this pain. The aim of this study was to establish whether footwear purchased by patients have an association with foot pain and what choices determined a purchase decision.

Methods: Shape and size measurements of the dominant foot and footwear (length and width) were taken from 67 female participants who routinely received podiatric treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0265-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5984451PMC
October 2018
11 Reads
1.830 Impact Factor

Reliability of a novel thermal imaging system for temperature assessment of healthy feet.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 30;11:22. Epub 2018 May 30.

1Diabetic Foot Clinic, King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Denmark Hill, London, SE5 9RS UK.

Background: Thermal imaging is a useful modality for identifying preulcerative lesions ("hot spots") in diabetic foot patients. Despite its recognised potential, at present, there is no readily available instrument for routine podiatric assessment of patients at risk. To address this need, a novel thermal imaging system was recently developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0266-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5975531PMC
October 2018

Paediatric flexible flat foot: how are we measuring it and are we getting it right? A systematic review.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 30;11:21. Epub 2018 May 30.

2School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia 5001 Australia.

Background: Flexible flat foot is a normal observation in typically developing children, however, some children with flat feet present with pain and impaired lower limb function. The challenge for health professionals is to identify when foot posture is outside of expected findings and may warrant intervention. Diagnoses of flexible flat foot is often based on radiographic or clinical measures, yet the validity and reliability of these measures for a paediatric population is not clearly understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0264-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5975578PMC
October 2018

Metatarsophalangeal joint extension changes ultrasound measurements for plantar fascia thickness.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 29;11:20. Epub 2018 May 29.

1School of Allied Health Professions, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350 USA.

Background: Ultrasound is an inexpensive method for quantifying plantar fascia thickness, especially in those with plantar fasciitis. Ultrasound has also been used to assess the effectiveness of various treatments for plantar fasciitis by comparing plantar fascia thickness before and after an intervention period. While a plantar fascia thickness over 4 mm via ultrasound has been proposed to be consistent with plantar fasciitis, some researchers believe the 4 mm plantar fascia thickness level to be a dubious guideline for diagnosing plantar fasciitis due to the lack of standardization of the measurement process for plantar fascia thickness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0267-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5975553PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Independent factors associated with wearing different types of outdoor footwear in a representative inpatient population: a cross-sectional study.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 29;11:19. Epub 2018 May 29.

2School of Clinical Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD Australia.

Background: Footwear can have both a positive and negative impact on lower limb health and mobility across the lifespan, influencing the risk of foot pain, ulceration, and falls in those at risk. Choice of footwear can be influenced by disease as well as sociocultural factors, yet few studies have investigated the types of footwear people wear and the profiles of those who wear them. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with outdoor footwear type worn most often in a representative inpatient population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0260-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5975543PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Survey of ultrasound practice amongst podiatrists in the UK.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 24;11:18. Epub 2018 May 24.

6Health Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

Background: Ultrasound in podiatry practice encompasses musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging, vascular hand-held Doppler ultrasound and therapeutic ultrasound. Sonography practice is not regulated by the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC), with no requirement to hold a formal qualification. The College of Podiatry does not currently define ultrasound training and competencies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0263-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5968714PMC
October 2018

Inverted Rearfoot posture in subjects with coexisting patellofemoral osteoarthritis in medial knee osteoarthritis: an exploratory study.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 8;11:17. Epub 2018 May 8.

7Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Background: While abnormal rearfoot posture and its relationship to patellofemoral (PF) pain has been thoroughly discussed in the literature, its relationship to patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA) has not been determined. This study aimed to examine whether rearfoot posture is associated with a higher prevalence of radiographic PFOA in a compartment-specific manner in patients with medial tibiofemoral osteoarthritis (TFOA).

Methods: Participants from orthopedic clinics ( = 68, age 56-90 years, 75. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0261-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5941454PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Wide-pulse, high-frequency, low-intensity neuromuscular electrical stimulation has potential for targeted strengthening of an intrinsic foot muscle: a feasibility study.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 3;11:16. Epub 2018 May 3.

1Sport & Exercise Science Research Centre, School of Applied Sciences, London South Bank University, 103 Borough Road, London, SE1 0AA UK.

Background: Strengthening the intrinsic foot muscles is a poorly understood and largely overlooked area. In this study, we explore the feasibility of strengthening . abductor hallucis (AH) with a specific paradigm of neuromuscular electrical stimulation; one which is low-intensity in nature and designed to interleave physiologically-relevant low frequency stimulation with high-frequencies to enhance effective current delivery to spinal motoneurones, and enable a proportion of force produced by the target muscle to be generated from a central origin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0258-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5934883PMC
October 2018
2 Reads