468 results match your criteria Journal of Environmental and Public Health [Journal]


Household Willingness-to-Pay for Improved Solid Waste Management Services in Four Major Metropolitan Cities in Ghana.

J Environ Public Health 2019 2;2019:5468381. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

School of Public Health, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

Introduction: Waste management is an important developmental issue globally, especially in developing countries like Ghana. A key challenge of waste management in developing countries is sustainable financing. This study assesses the willingness-to-pay, an integral attribute of sustainable financing mechanism for improved solid waste management (SWM) services in Ghana. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jeph/2019/5468381/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5468381DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334316PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Parental Perceptions of Child's Medical Care and Neighborhood and Child's Behavioral Risk Factors for Obesity in U.S. Children by Body Mass Index Classification.

J Environ Public Health 2019 3;2019:3737194. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Florida International University, Robert R. Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, 11200 SW, 8th ST, AHC-5 Room 324, Miami, FL 33199, USA.

Environmental factors, preventive medical care, and behaviors play a role in childhood obesity. This study used the National Survey of Children's Health, 2011-2012, for 42,828 children, ages 10-17 years. Greater percent of children in the overweight/obese category performed no moderate-to-vigorous physical activity: 11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3737194DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335658PMC
January 2019

Socioeconomic Deprivation Status and Air Pollution by PM and NO: An Assessment at Municipal Level of 11 Years in Italy.

J Environ Public Health 2019 3;2019:2058467. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

The aim of this observational study was to assess the relationship between environmental risk factors and some aspects of social economic status (SES) of the population in different Italian municipalities. Nitrogen dioxide (NO) and particulate matter (PM) annual means were extracted from ISPRA-BRACE (environmental information system of 483 Italian municipalities, 6% of the total amount of administrative units) from 2002 to 2012. As an indicator of sociodemographic and SES data, we collected the following: resident population, foreign nationality, low level of education, unemployment, nonhome ownership, single-parent family, and overcrowding. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jeph/2019/2058467/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2058467DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335678PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Assessment of Self-Medication Practices and Its Associated Factors among Undergraduates of a Private University in Nigeria.

J Environ Public Health 2018 20;2018:5439079. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.

Background: Self-medication is the use of drugs to treat self-diagnosed disorders or symptoms or the intermittent or continued use of prescribed drug for chronic or recurrent disease or symptoms, and it is mostly common in developing countries. This study therefore assessed the practice of self-medication among undergraduate students of a private university in Nigeria.

Methods: The study employed a descriptive cross-sectional design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5439079DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6317103PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Factors Contributing to Low Adherence to Community-Based Health Insurance in Rural Nyanza District, Southern Rwanda.

J Environ Public Health 2018 18;2018:2624591. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

University of Rwanda, School of Health Sciences, Kigali, Rwanda.

Background: Community-based health insurance (CBHI) schemes are an emerging mechanism for providing financial protection against health-related poverty. In Rwanda, CBHI is being implemented across the country, and it is based on four socioeconomic categories of the "Ubudehe system": the premiums of the first category are fully subsidized by government, the second and third category members pay 3000 frw, and the fourth category members pay 7000 frw as premium. However, low adherence of community to the scheme since 2011 has not been sufficiently studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2624591DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312613PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Childcare Correlates of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Adiposity in Preschool Children: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the SPLASHY Study.

J Environ Public Health 2018 11;2018:9157194. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Obstetric Service, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Background: The childcare (CC) environment can influence young children's physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior (SB), and adiposity. The aim of the study was to identify a broad range of CC correlates of PA, SB, and adiposity in a large sample of preschoolers.

Methods: 476 preschool children (mean age 3. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jeph/2018/9157194/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9157194DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311763PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Impact of Weekly Climatic Variables on Weekly Malaria Incidence throughout Thailand: A Country-Based Six-Year Retrospective Study.

J Environ Public Health 2018 4;2018:8397815. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

School of Allied Health Sciences, Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, Thailand.

. This study aimed to evaluate climatic data, including mean temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall, and their association with malaria incidence throughout Thailand from 2012 to 2017. The correlation of climatic parameters including temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall in each province and the weekly malaria incidence was analyzed using Spearman's rank correlation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8397815DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311806PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Status of Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) Services Utilization and Factors Affecting PMTCT Service Uptake by Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care Clinic in Selected Health Facilities of Afar Regional State, Ethiopia.

J Environ Public Health 2018 12;2018:5127090. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

MSc in Medical Microbiology, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia.

Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) is the predominant way for children to acquire human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection worldwide including Ethiopia. Thus, objective of this study was to determine the status of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services utilization and factors affecting PMTCT utilization in health facilities of Afar region, Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2014 to April 2015 taking 347 pregnant women and 22 health care providers. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jeph/2018/5127090/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5127090DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311780PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Reasons for Declining Consent in a Population-Based Cohort Study Conducted in a Rural South American Community.

J Environ Public Health 2018 26;2018:8267948. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Neurology, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Fl, USA.

There is limited information on participants' adherence and reasons for declining consent in observational cohort studies conducted in remote rural communities. We aimed at sharing lessons learned during the Atahualpa Project, a population-based cohort study conducted in a rural Ecuadorian village. Atahualpa residents aged ≥40 years identified during door-to-door surveys who signed a consent form were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8267948DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6287151PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Workload Determines Workplace Stress among Health Professionals Working in Felege-Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia.

J Environ Public Health 2018 26;2018:6286010. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Bahir Dar University, College of Medicine and Health Science, Bahir Bar, Ethiopia.

Background: Workplace stress occurs in all professionals but, in particular, health-care professionals are highly prone to workplace stress. Health-care professionals comprise an important group that can be impacted by workplace stress because of their unique work environment. The study was done to determine the level of workplace stress and its associated factors among health-care professionals in Felege-Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6286010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6287167PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Prevalence and Risk Factors of ACO (Asthma-COPD Overlap) in Aboriginal People.

J Environ Public Health 2018 21;2018:4657420. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Memorial University, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

Background And Objective: Aboriginal peoples are at a higher risk of many chronic respiratory diseases compared to the general Canadian population. Patients with asthma-COPD overlap (ACO), a disease newly described in 2015, are associated with frequent exacerbations, rapid decline in lung function, poor quality of life, high mortality, and disproportionate utilization of health-care resources than patients with asthma and COPD alone. The objective was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of ACO in Aboriginal peoples. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jeph/2018/4657420/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4657420DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280246PMC
November 2018
10 Reads

Exploring the Influence of Daily Climate Variables on Malaria Transmission and Abundance of over Nkomazi Local Municipality, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa.

J Environ Public Health 2018 9;2018:3143950. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

South African Weather Service, Private Bag X097, Pretoria 0001, South Africa.

The recent resurgence of malaria incidence across epidemic regions in South Africa has been linked to climatic and environmental factors. An in-depth investigation of the impact of climate variability and mosquito abundance on malaria parasite incidence may therefore offer useful insight towards the control of this life-threatening disease. In this study, we investigate the influence of climatic factors on malaria transmission over Nkomazi Municipality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3143950DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280252PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Factors Associated with Composting of Solid Waste at Household Level in Masaka Municipality, Central Uganda.

J Environ Public Health 2018 19;2018:1284234. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Disease Control and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.

The domestic solid waste stream composition of urban settings in many developing countries including Uganda is largely biodegradable in nature, and thus, composting provides the most suitable solid waste management option for these wastes. However, there is limited information about waste composting at the household level and associated determinants in Uganda. A cross-sectional study was employed to collect quantitative data from 368 residents of Masaka municipality, Central Uganda. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jeph/2018/1284234/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1284234DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276455PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Diagnostic Errors in Tuberculous Patients: A Multicenter Study from a Developing Country.

J Environ Public Health 2018 13;2018:1975931. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematical Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

Although there is still much to learn about the types of errors committed in health care and why they occur, enough is known today to recognize that a serious concern exists for patients. Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that is frequently subject to diagnostic errors. Missed or delayed diagnosis of TB can affect patients and community adversely. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1975931DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260540PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Building Resilience to Climate Change: Pilot Evaluation of the Impact of India's First Heat Action Plan on All-Cause Mortality.

J Environ Public Health 2018 1;2018:7973519. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar, Ahmedabad, India.

Background: Ahmedabad implemented South Asia's first heat action plan (HAP) after a 2010 heatwave. This study evaluates the HAP's impact on all-cause mortality in 2014-2015 relative to a 2007-2010 baseline.

Methods: We analyzed daily maximum temperature ()-mortality relationships before and after HAP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7973519DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6236972PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

A Mixed Methods Study on the Barriers and Facilitators of Physical Activity Associated with Residential Relocation.

J Environ Public Health 2018 1;2018:1094812. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada T2N 4Z6.

Despite evidence suggesting that neighbourhood characteristics are associated with physical activity, very few mixed methods studies investigate how relocating neighbourhood, and subsequent changes in the built environment, influences physical activity. This sequential mixed methods study estimates associations between changes in overall physical activity and transportation walking and cycling and changes in objectively assessed neighbourhood walkability (quantitative phase) and describes perceived barriers and facilitators to physical activity following residential relocation (qualitative phase). During the quantitative phase, self-reported changes in transportation walking, transportation cycling, and overall physical activity following residential relocation were measured using a 5-point scale: (1) a lot less now, (2) a little less now, (3) about the same, (4) a little more now, and (5) a lot more now. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jeph/2018/1094812/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1094812DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6236931PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Bacteriological Assessment of Bottled Drinking Water Available at Major Transit Places in Mangalore City of South India.

J Environ Public Health 2018 25;2018:7472097. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

MBBS Student, Kasturba Medical College, Light House Hill Road, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangalore, India.

Introduction: Safe drinking water is essential for human life. It is generally considered that bottled water is safe for usage by people. For long-distance travelers, it serves as the only source of reliable drinking water. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7472097DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6222228PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Prevalence of HCV Infection in Household Contacts of Chronic Liver Diseases Cases in Egypt.

J Environ Public Health 2018 24;2018:2153537. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Banha Faculty of Medicine, Banha, Egypt.

Background: Egypt has the highest prevalence of HCV infection worldwide. This project aimed at identifying the role of HCV transmission among household contacts to index cases in the persistent high incidence of HCV infection in Egypt.

Methods: This cross-sectional study recruited 70 Egyptian cases with chronic liver diseases and their household contacts (140 contacts) from Qalubeyia Governorate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2153537DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6220383PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Relationship between Flooding and Out Break of Infectious Diseasesin Kenya: A Review of the Literature.

J Environ Public Health 2018 17;2018:5452938. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Geography and GISc, University of Venda, Private Bag X5050 Thohoyandou 0950, South Africa.

Flooding can potentially increase the spread of infectious diseases. To enhance good understanding of the health consequences of flooding and facilitate planning for mitigation strategies, deeper consideration of the relationship between flooding and out-break of infectious diseases is required. This paper examines the relationship between occurrence of floods in Kenya and outbreak of infectious diseases and possible interventions. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jeph/2018/5452938/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5452938DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6207902PMC
January 2019
9 Reads

Asthma Risk Associated with Indoor Mold Contamination in Hispanic Communities in Eastern Coachella Valley, California.

J Environ Public Health 2018 15;2018:9350370. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

National Exposure Research Laboratory, United States Environmental Protection Agency, 26 West M. L. King Drive, Cincinnati, OH 45268, USA.

Indoor mold contamination has been associated in many studies with an increased risk of asthma and respiratory illness. This study investigated indoor mold contamination and the prevalence of asthma/respiratory illness in two low-income, Hispanic communities, Mecca and Coachella City, in the Eastern Coachella Valley (ECV) of California. The study consisted of a questionnaire to assess asthma/respiratory illness and the quantification of mold contamination in house dust samples using the Environmental Relative Moldiness Index (ERMI) scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9350370DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6205096PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

A Novel Computer-Assisted Method of Bite Mark Analysis for Gender Determination.

J Environ Public Health 2018 9;2018:7130876. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Dental Institute, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand 834009, India.

Background: Bite mark analysis is an imperative area of forensic odontology and considered the commonest form of dental evidence presented in the criminal court. The process of comparing bite marks with a suspect's dentition includes analysis and measurement of shape, size, and position of an individual's teeth. The present study was aimed to evaluate the bite marks of males and females using a novel indirect computer-assisted method and explicate its application in forensic odontology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7130876DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6198570PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice about Biomedical Waste Management and Associated Factors among the Healthcare Professionals at Debre Markos Town Healthcare Facilities, Northwest Ethiopia.

J Environ Public Health 2018 2;2018:7672981. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, School of Allied Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Healthcare activities restore health and save lives at the same time; however, they can generate hazardous biomedical wastes to a human being or the environment. Generation and disposal of biomedical wastes have become an emerging problem worldwide.

Objective: To assess knowledge, attitude, and practice about biomedical waste management and associated factors among healthcare professionals in Debre Markos town healthcare facilities, northwest Ethiopia. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jeph/2018/7672981/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7672981DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6189693PMC
January 2019
16 Reads

A Perspective Analysis of Dams and Water Quality: The Bui Power Project on the Black Volta, Ghana.

J Environ Public Health 2018 1;2018:6471525. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Basic and Applied Biology, School of Science, University of Energy and Natural Resources, Sunyani, Ghana.

Large dams play an important role in promoting economic and social development in many countries. However, the construction of such dams can have a detrimental effect on the environment. The aim of this study was to investigate perceptions of drinking water quality among inhabitants of selected communities within the Bui Dam environs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6471525DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6188593PMC
January 2019
1 Read

The Effectiveness of Community-Based Continuous Training on Promoting Positive Behaviors towards Birth Preparedness, Male Involvement, and Maternal Services Utilization among Expecting Couples in Rukwa, Tanzania: A Theory of Planned Behavior Quasi-Experimental Study.

J Environ Public Health 2018 27;2018:1293760. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

School of Medicine and Dentistry, The University of Dodoma, P.O. Box 259, Dodoma, Tanzania.

Background: Rukwa Region has the highest maternal mortality ratio, 860 deaths per 100,000 live births in Tanzania. The region has neonatal mortality rate of 38 deaths per 1,000 live births. Previous interventions to promote maternal and neonatal health targeted access to maternal services by removing financial barriers and increasing the number of health facilities. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jeph/2018/1293760/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1293760DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6180969PMC
January 2019
67 Reads

Assessing Cancer Risk Associated with Aquatic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Pollution Reveals Dietary Routes of Exposure and Vulnerable Populations.

J Environ Public Health 2018 19;2018:5610462. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Surgery, Division of Surgical Sciences, Duke Cancer Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposure is widespread, and many PAHs are considered carcinogenic. The PAH-contaminated AWI Superfund site in Virginia provides a model for studying a complex PAH mixture and its extrapolation to cancer risk and PAH exposure in the general population. We examined cancer risk at the Superfund site due to sediment-derived PAHs and then evaluated PAH sources in the general population and potentially vulnerable subpopulations upon PAH mixture exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5610462DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6169233PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Water Sources Quality in Urban Slum Settlement along the Contaminated River Basin in Indonesia: Application of Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment.

J Environ Public Health 2018 18;2018:3806537. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia.

Fecal contamination in water sources is still found globally, especially in urban slum areas of mid-low income countries. Fecal contamination as an indicator of low levels of hygiene and sanitation practices as well as poor management of drinking water supply might increase the risk of waterborne diseases in developing countries like Indonesia. This study aimed to assess quality of all water sources in one of the urban slum settlements along a contaminated river basin in Indonesia. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jeph/2018/3806537/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3806537DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6167564PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Assessment of Quality of Life among Children with End-Stage Renal Disease: A Cross-Sectional Study.

J Environ Public Health 2018 16;2018:8565498. Epub 2018 Sep 16.

Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Background: Measuring health-related quality of life is considered an important outcome indicator in evaluating health-care interventions and treatments and in understanding the burden of diseases.

Objectives: This study aimed at assessing quality of life among children with end-stage renal disease, either undergoing hemodialysis or had renal transplantation therapy and comparing it with healthy controls.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between December 2016 and May 2017 in Abo El-Reesh Pediatric Hospital using parent/child reports of generic module for QoL assessment: PedsQL Inventory version 4 for both cases and controls. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jeph/2018/8565498/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8565498DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6165587PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Dietary Intake and Obesity among Filipino Americans in New Jersey.

J Environ Public Health 2018 16;2018:6719861. Epub 2018 Sep 16.

William Paterson University, 300 Pompton Rd., Wayne, NJ 07470, USA.

The prevalence of obesity is a public concern and is linked to chronic diseases. Filipino Americans have a high prevalence rate of hypertension and diabetes. This study investigated the dietary intake of first-generation Filipino Americans (=210). Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jeph/2018/6719861/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6719861DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6165614PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Computer Vision Syndrome and Associated Factors among Computer Users in Debre Tabor Town, Northwest Ethiopia.

J Environ Public Health 2018 16;2018:4107590. Epub 2018 Sep 16.

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Globally, computer is one of the common office tools used in various institutions. Using computer for prolonged time led to the users at greater health risk of computer vision syndrome (CVS). Computer vision syndrome is the leading occupational health problem of the twenty-first century. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jeph/2018/4107590/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4107590DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6165611PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices on Infection Control Measures in Stomatology Students in Lima, Peru.

J Environ Public Health 2018 12;2018:8027130. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Professor of the Stomatology School, Universidad Privada San Juan Bautista, Lima, Peru.

Introduction: The level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices with respect to infection control measures in undergraduate stomatology students is not well understood; that is why these variables were evaluated in the students of the Universidad Privada San Juan Bautista between September and November of 2017.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out. A total of 347 students from the Ica, Lima Norte, and Chorrillos campuses were evaluated. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jeph/2018/8027130/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8027130DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6157180PMC
January 2019
13 Reads

Are Shiftwork and Indoor Work Related to D3 Vitamin Deficiency? A Systematic Review of Current Evidences.

J Environ Public Health 2018 10;2018:8468742. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Department of Occupational Medicine, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Rome, Italy.

Background: Reported cases of vitamin D3 deficiency have been increasing in incidence worldwide. Although there is a lack of consensus relating to optimal levels of vitamin D, generally serum 25-(OH)D concentrations lower than 50 nmol/L (20 ng/mL) are at least considered to be detrimental to bone health.

Aim: Aim of this systematic review is to investigate if occupations, and specifically shiftworking and indoor working, may be considered as possible contributors to the increased incidence of vitamin D3 deficiency in industrialized nations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8468742DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6151365PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Assessment of Diarrhea and Its Associated Factors in Under-Five Children among Open Defecation and Open Defecation-Free Rural Settings of Dangla District, Northwest Ethiopia.

J Environ Public Health 2018 12;2018:4271915. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Federal Ministry of Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Open defecation (OD) is a widespread problem in the developing world. This practice facilitates the transmission of diarrheal diseases. In Ethiopia, still the national open defecation rate in 2014 was 34. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jeph/2018/4271915/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4271915DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6157118PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

High Occurrence of Isolated from Fitness Equipment from Selected Gymnasiums.

J Environ Public Health 2018 28;2018:4592830. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Jalan Datuk Mohammad Musa, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia.

Introduction: is a leading cause of cutaneous bacterial infection involving community.

Methods: In this study, a total of 42 swab samples were collected from the surface of various fitness equipment such as back machines, exercise mats, dip stations, dumbbells, and treadmills. Identification of the bacterial isolates was conducted using biochemical tests and further analysed molecularly using the PCR method targeting gene (270 bp). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4592830DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6136567PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice on Hygiene and Morbidity Status among Tertiary Students: The Case of Kotebe Metropolitan University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

J Environ Public Health 2018 29;2018:2094621. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Urban Environmental Management, Kotebe Metropolitan University, P.O. Box 31248, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Considerable fractions of the world's diseases are communicable, of which over 60% are infectious. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of hygiene are very important to decrease these disease burdens especially in places like higher education institutions. This study is aimed at revealing the status and gaps on knowledge, attitude, and practice of hygiene among Kotebe Metropolitan University students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2094621DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6136465PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Service Availability at Rural Health Care Facilities in Southwestern Uganda.

J Environ Public Health 2018 27;2018:5403795. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

Department of Community Health, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 1410, Mbarara, Uganda.

There is a paucity of information on the state of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) at health care facilities in Uganda. A survey on WASH service availability was conducted at 50 health care facilities across 4 districts of rural southwestern Uganda between September and November 2015. The main water points at the majority (94%) of the health care facilities were improved sources, while improved toilets were available at 96% of the health care facilities visited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5403795DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6129784PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Factors Affecting Intention to Disclose HIV Status among Adult Population in Sarawak, Malaysia.

J Environ Public Health 2018 15;2018:2194791. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Malaysia.

Background: Disclosure of HIV-positive status is an essential prerequisite for the prevention and care of person living with HIV/AIDS as well as to tackle hidden epidemic in the society.

Objective: To determine the intention to disclose the HIV/AIDS status among adult population in Sarawak, Malaysia, and factors affecting thereof.

Methods: This cross-sectional community-based study was conducted among adult population aged 18 years and above in Sarawak, Malaysia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2194791DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116389PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Preliminary Study: Environmental Assessment of Perchloroethylene in Dry-Cleaning Facilities in the UAE.

J Environ Public Health 2018 14;2018:1732906. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

Department of Environmental Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, UAE.

Background: Perchloroethylene (PERC) is a widely spread cleaning solvent, used in nearly all dry-cleaning facilities. It has been declared as "probable human carcinogen" by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) due to its hazardous and toxic effects on human health. The study aimed at assessing the exposure of PERC among dry-cleaning workers at four different dry-cleaning facilities in the UAE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1732906DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6112216PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Food Safety Analysis of Milk and Beef in Southwestern Uganda.

J Environ Public Health 2018 13;2018:1627180. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Department of Public Health, School of Allied Health and Medicine, Kampala International University Western Campus, Box 71, Bushenyi, Uganda.

Background: Inorganic pollutants in milk and beef are of major public health concern; however, information in Africa is still limited due to low food safety monitoring practices. In this study, we established levels of lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), and iron (Fe) in milk and beef and obtained the estimated daily intake (EDI) and incremental lifetime cancer risk (ILCR) as measures of risk to the Ugandan population.

Materials And Methods: This was a cross-sectional study in which a total of 40 samples of milk and beef were collected from Bushenyi district in southwestern Uganda. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1627180DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6110009PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Estimating Typhoid Fever Risk Associated with Lack of Access to Safe Water: A Systematic Literature Review.

J Environ Public Health 2018 4;2018:9589208. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Development and Delivery Unit, International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Unsafe water is a well-known risk for typhoid fever, but a pooled estimate of the population-level risk of typhoid fever resulting from exposure to unsafe water has not been quantified. An accurate estimation of the risk from unsafe water will be useful in demarcating high-risk populations, modeling typhoid disease burden, and targeting prevention and control activities.

Methods: We conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of observational studies that measured the risk of typhoid fever associated with drinking unimproved water as per WHO-UNICEF's definition or drinking microbiologically unsafe water. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9589208DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6076975PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Perception of Scavengers and Occupational Health Hazards Associated with Scavenging from a Waste Dumpsite in Pretoria, South Africa.

J Environ Public Health 2018 9;2018:9458156. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Department of Biology, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, P.O. Box 139, Medunsa 0204, South Africa.

Objective: Scavenging is a source of income for most unskilled people in the developing countries. The present study investigated the perception of scavengers on scavenging and related health hazards from the Onderstepoort waste dumpsite in Pretoria, South Africa.

Methods: Primary data were obtained through observation and implementation of a questionnaire to a total number of 53 scavengers (27 females and 26 males). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9458156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6109548PMC
January 2019
1 Read

The Curious Case of Cholangiocarcinoma: Opportunities for Environmental Health Scientists to Learn about a Complex Disease.

J Environ Public Health 2018 9;2018:2606973. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Research and Academic Affairs, Chulabhorn Research Institute, Bangkok 10210, Thailand.

Deaths from complex, noncommunicable diseases such as cancer are predicted to continue to increase worldwide, with low- and middle-income countries bearing the brunt of the burden. This problem requires a concentrated global effort to avoid devastating losses of life as well as economic losses. Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a readily studied model of complex, noncommunicable disease, but it receives little attention outside of the scientific community in Southeast Asia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2606973DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6109541PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Intake Fraction of PM from Coal Mine Emissions in the North of Colombia.

J Environ Public Health 2018 29;2018:8532463. Epub 2018 Jul 29.

Grupo Procesos Fisicoquímicos Aplicados, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

Intake fraction was determined in this study to provide insight into population exposures to PM that is effectively inhaled due to emissions of an opencast coal mine. We applied the CALPUFF model to a coal mine in Northern Colombia, which has 6 active pits with an annual production of 33.7 million tons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8532463DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6087594PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Assessment of Healthcare Waste Management Paradigms and Its Suitable Treatment Alternative: A Case Study.

J Environ Public Health 2018 29;2018:6879751. Epub 2018 Jul 29.

Department of Civil Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh.

The management and treatment of healthcare waste (HCW) are of great concern owing to its potential hazard to human health and the environment, particularly in developing countries. Nowadays, various technological alternatives are gaining momentum as efficient and favorable waste management options across the world. However, selecting a suitable technology as well as an effective waste management approach for the treatment of HCW is still a challenging task for the municipal authorities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6879751DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6087569PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Adverse Childhood Experiences, Health-Related Quality of Life, and Chronic Disease Risks in Rural Areas of the United States.

J Environ Public Health 2018 11;2018:7151297. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Federal Office of Rural Health Policy, Health Resources and Services Administration, US Department of Health and Human Services, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, USA.

Exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) is associated with increased odds of high-risk behaviors and adverse health outcomes. This study examined whether ACE exposure among individuals living in rural areas of the United States is associated with adult activity limitations, self-reported general poor health status, chronic diseases, and poor mental health. Data from the 2011 and 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) (N=79,810) from nine states were used to calculate the prevalence of ACEs in rural and urban areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7151297DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6077617PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

The Effect of Tobacco Smoking on Musculoskeletal Health: A Systematic Review.

J Environ Public Health 2018 11;2018:4184190. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

College of Nursing, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

This systematic review explored associations between smoking and health outcomes involving the musculoskeletal system. AMSTAR criteria were followed. A comprehensive search of PubMed, Web of Science, and Science Direct returned 243 articles meeting inclusion criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4184190DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6077562PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Microbiological Quality and Contamination Level of Water Sources in Isiolo County in Kenya.

J Environ Public Health 2018 9;2018:2139867. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Department of Food Science, Nutrition and Technology, University of Nairobi, P.O Box 29053-00625, Kangemi, Nairobi, Kenya.

Water security and safety is of vital concern in arid and semiarid regions of Kenya. Potable water accessibility and supply is limited due to fluctuating climatic conditions and environmental pollution that lower the wholesomeness of most water sources. The aim of this study was to establish the suitability of these water sources for drinking and use in industrial food processing by the small and medium enterprises (SME's). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2139867DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6077557PMC
January 2019
15 Reads

The Threat of Ambient Air Pollution in Kathmandu, Nepal.

J Environ Public Health 2018 10;2018:1504591. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Janamaitri Foundation Institute of Health Sciences (JFIHS), GPO Box 8322, Hattiban, Lalitpur, Nepal.

Air pollution has been a major problem of 21st century for both developed and developing world. It has a negative impact on various environmental aspects which directly or indirectly affect the quality of human health. Nepal, especially Kathmandu, in the current situation, is observing rapid urbanization and various infrastructure development projects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1504591DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6077323PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Formaldehyde Vapor Concentration in Electronic Cigarettes and Health Complaints of Electronic Cigarettes Smokers in Indonesia.

J Environ Public Health 2018 11;2018:9013430. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia.

Electronic cigarettes regulation in Indonesia has not been set yet. In the last 4 years the electronic cigarettes have been widely distributed and used in Indonesia. Electronic cigarettes contain nicotine, propylene glycol, glycerol, liquid flavors, etc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9013430DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6076960PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

The Impacts on Health, Society, and Economy of SARS and H7N9 Outbreaks in China: A Case Comparison Study.

J Environ Public Health 2018 28;2018:2710185. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Vice Director, Chinese Centre for Health Education, 12 Anhua Xili 1 Qu, Anding men Wai, Chaoyangqu, Beijing 100011, China.

Background: Epidemics such as SARS and H7N9 have caused huge negative impacts on population health and the economy in China.

Aims: This article discusses the impacts of SARS in 2003 and H7N9 in 2013 in China, in order to provide a better understanding to government and practitioners of why improving management of response to infectious disease outbreaks is so critical for a country's economy, its society, and its place in the global community.

Methods: To provide the results of an analysis of impacts of SARS and H7N9 based on feedback from documents, informants, and focus groups on events during the SARS and H7N9 outbreaks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2710185DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6046118PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Levels of Organochlorine Pesticides in Brackish Water Fish from Niger River, Nigeria.

J Environ Public Health 2018 28;2018:2658306. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Department of Chemical Sciences, Bells University of Technology, Ota, Nigeria.

Investigation of the levels of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in fish samples was carried out to assess the contamination status of Niger River. Ten different brackish water species of fish (6 samples for each, making a total of 60) were purchased from landing sites at the Delta area of Niger River. These were , and . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2658306DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6046123PMC
January 2019
2 Reads