13 results match your criteria Journal of Environmental Psychology[Journal]

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Walking in Two French Neighborhoods: A Study of How Park Numbers and Locations Relate to Everyday Walking.

J Environ Psychol 2016 Dec 13;48:169-184. Epub 2016 Oct 13.

University of Utah Department of Family and Consumer Studies, 225 S 1400 E., Rm 228 Emery Bldg, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA.

Research indicates that people are drawn to green spaces with attractive amenities. This study extends that finding by comparing walking patterns in two neighborhoods with different numbers of parks; parks did not differ in rated attractiveness nor did neighborhoods differ substantially in rated walkability. Adults, aged 32-86 years ( = 90), drew their 3 most recent walking routes on maps of their neighborhood. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02724944163009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2016.10.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5448407PMC
December 2016
8 Reads

Environmental, behavioral, and psychological predictors of transit ridership: Evidence from a community intervention.

J Environ Psychol 2016 Jun 23;46:188-196. Epub 2016 Apr 23.

Department of Family and Consumer Studies; 225 S 1400 E RM 228, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.

Understanding who takes advantage of new transit (public transportation) interventions is important for personal and environmental health. We examine transit ridership for residents living near a new light rail construction as part of "complete street," pedestrian-friendly improvements. Adult residents (n=536) completed surveys and wore accelerometer and GPS units that tracked ridership before and after new transit service started. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2016.04.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5034941PMC
June 2016
17 Reads

Navigation performance in virtual environments varies with fractal dimension of landscape.

J Environ Psychol 2016 Sep;47:155-165

Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene OR 97403, USA.

Fractal geometry has been used to describe natural and built environments, but has yet to be studied in navigational research. In order to establish a relationship between the fractal dimension (D) of a natural environment and humans' ability to navigate such spaces, we conducted two experiments using virtual environments that simulate the fractal properties of nature. In Experiment 1, participants completed a goal-driven search task either with or without a map in landscapes that varied in D. Read More

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https://blogs.uoregon.edu/richardtaylor/files/2016/07/Naviga
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2016.05.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4918639PMC
September 2016
7 Reads

Evaluating Nighttime Observational Measures of Neighborhood Disorder: Validity of the Nighttime NIfETy Assessment.

J Environ Psychol 2016 Mar 8;45:97-102. Epub 2015 Dec 8.

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; Department of Mental Health; 624 N. Broadway; Baltimore, MD; 21205.

While there are a growing number of observational instruments to assess the built and social dimensions of the neighborhood environment, there are few reliable and validated instruments; there are no instruments that assess the neighborhood environment during nighttime hours, a potential peak period of health and safety risk. The purpose of this investigation is to establish the metric properties of Neighborhood Inventory for Environmental Typology (NIfETy) Instrument nighttime ratings. Reliability of the scale was measured by internal consistency reliability and test re-test correlation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2015.11.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5624718PMC
March 2016
5 Reads

Neighborhood Conditions and Helping Behavior in Late Life.

Authors:
Neal Krause

J Environ Psychol 2011 Mar;31(1):62-69

University of Michigan.

The purpose of this study is to develop and test a latent variable model that explores the ways in which social structural factors influence the amount of social support that older adults provide to their social network members. Neighborhood conditions play a key role in this conceptual scheme. The findings provide support for the following conceptual linkages: (1) low parental education is associated with low respondent education; (2) older people with less education encounter more economic difficulty; (3) greater financial problems are associated with living in a rundown neighborhood; (4) older individuals who live in dilapidated neighborhoods are more hostile; and (5) older adults who are hostile are less likely to provide social support to their social network members. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02724944100010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2010.11.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3079923PMC
March 2011
4 Reads

The Distracting Effects of a Ringing Cell Phone: An Investigation of the Laboratory and the Classroom Setting.

J Environ Psychol 2009 Dec;29(4):513-521

Louisiana State University.

The detrimental effects of a ringing phone on cognitive performance were investigated in four experiments. In Experiments 1 and 2, the effects of different types of sounds (a standard cell phone ring, irrelevant tones and an instrumental song commonly encountered by participants) on performance were examined. In Experiment 1, slower responses were observed in all auditory groups relative to a silence condition, but participants in the ring and song conditions recovered more slowly. Read More

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http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S027249440900023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2009.03.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3018855PMC
December 2009
32 Reads

The effect of navigational expertise on wayfinding in new environments.

J Environ Psychol 2010 Dec;30(4-2):565-573

Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom.

Becoming proficient at navigation in urban environments is something that we all aspire to. Here we asked whether being an expert at wayfinding in one environment has any effect on learning new spatial layouts. Licensed London taxi drivers are among the most proficient urban navigators, training for many years to find their way around a complex and irregularly-laid out city. Read More

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http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S027249441000030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2010.03.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2989443PMC
December 2010
5 Reads

Creating and validating GIS measures of urban design for health research.

J Environ Psychol 2009 Dec;29(4):457-466

Institute for Social & Economic Research & Policy, 420 West 118th Street, Mail Code 3355, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA.

Studies relating urban design to health have been impeded by the unfeasibility of conducting field observations across large areas and the lack of validated objective measures of urban design. This study describes measures for five dimensions of urban design - imageability, enclosure, human scale, transparency, and complexity - created using public geographic information systems (GIS) data from the US Census and city and state government. GIS measures were validated for a sample of 588 New York City block faces using a well-documented field observation protocol. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2009.03.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3433081PMC
December 2009
8 Reads

The dynamic nature of cognition during wayfinding.

J Environ Psychol 2008 Sep;28(3):232-249

Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK.

Much of our day-to-day wayfinding behaviour takes place in familiar large-scale urban environments, yet there is a dearth of studies examining how wayfinding unfolds on a second-by-second basis in this context. Here we used a retrospective verbal report protocol, eye tracking and a highly accurate virtual reality simulation of a real city (London, UK) to examine this issue. Subjects, who were taxi drivers, were able to produce extremely detailed accounts of what they had been thinking during wayfinding, which were validated by independent eye-tracking data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2008.02.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2660842PMC
September 2008
3 Reads

Housing environment and mental health outcomes: A levels of analysis perspective.

J Environ Psychol 2007 Mar;27(1):79-89

Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina, 1512 Pendleton Street, Columbia, SC 29205, USA.

This study examines the effects of perceived housing environment on selected well-being outcomes of a seriously mentally ill population in supported housing programs. Individuals live independently in their own apartments and use supportive mental health services as needed. The study conceptualizes one's housing environment as existing at the apartment, neighborhood and the surrounding community levels of analysis that, taken together, form a multi-dimensional construct of housing environment. Read More

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http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S027249440600089
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2006.12.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2632799PMC
March 2007
12 Reads

An anxiety, personality and altitude symptomatology study during a 31-day period of hypoxia in a hypobaric chamber (experiment 'Everest-Comex 1997').

J Environ Psychol 1999 Dec;19(4):407-14

Laboratoire de Neurosciences Integratives, Universite Henri Poincare Nancy 1, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France.

Extreme environmental situations are useful tools for the investigation of the general processes of adaptation. Among such situations, high altitude of more than 3000 m produces a set of pathological disorders that includes both cerebral (cAS) and respiratory (RAS) altitude symptoms. High altitude exposure further induces anxiety responses and behavioural disturbances. Read More

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December 1999
7 Reads

What can abnormal environments tell us about normal people? Polar stations as natural psychology laboratories.

Authors:
P Suedfeld

J Environ Psychol 1998 Mar;18(1):95-102

Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

The psychological effects of unusual environments reveal different aspects of behaviour from those seen in more customary situations. Such environments provide natural laboratories in which many questions of psychological interest, varying with the specific environment, may be studied. This paper uses isolated polar stations to illustrate this point. Read More

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March 1998
2 Reads
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