6,244 results match your criteria Journal of Dental Education [Journal]


Online Case-Sharing to Enhance Dental Students' Clinical Education: A Pilot Study.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Erica R. Oliveira, DDS, MPH, is Associate Professor, Department of Comprehensive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio; William F. Rose, DDS, is Associate Professor, Department of Comprehensive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio; and William D. Hendricson, MA, MS, was formerly Assistant Dean for Education and Faculty Development, School of Dentistry, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.

Dental students' clinical learning is dictated by patients' needs. Thus, not all students have identical educational experiences. Even routine treatment can require different approaches depending on concurrent dental problems, patients' health status, or unexpected complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.051DOI Listing
February 2019

Blended Module-Based Teaching in Biostatistics and Research Methodology: A Retrospective Study with Postgraduate Dental Students.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Sheeja Saji Varghese is Professor of Periodontics and HOD, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India; Asha Ramesh is in Department of Periodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India; and Deepak Nallaswamy Veeraiyan is Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Information technology has stimulated efforts to reform teaching methods in dental education. Most of these efforts involve a shift from conventional mode to the more technology-savvy and student-centered approach. The aim of this study was to compare postgraduate dental students' academic performance using two teaching methodologies (video-based learning and blended module-based learning) in a biostatistics and research methodology course in a master's program at a dental college in India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.054DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Influence of Self-Assessment on Dental Students' Performance on Technical Assessments in Periodontics.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Janina Golob Deeb, DMD, MS, is Associate Professor, Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, Virginia Commonwealth University; Caroline K. Carrico, PhD, is Assistant Professor, Oral Health Promotion and Community Outreach, Oral Health Research Core, School of Dentistry, Virginia Commonwealth University; Daniel M. Laskin, DMD, MS, is Professor Emeritus, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Virginia Commonwealth University; and Thomas E. Koertge, DMD, PhD, is Professor, Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, Virginia Commonwealth University.

Self-assessments were introduced into a third-year clinical periodontics course to enable dental students to self-assess and receive faculty feedback prior to technical assessment. The aims of this study were to determine if there was an improvement in the pass rate and average grade on the technical assessments following implementation of self-assessments and to analyze the accuracy of the student self-assessments by comparing them with faculty assessments. Scores from 106 third-year dental students for four periodontal procedures were included in the analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.047DOI Listing
February 2019

The Effect of Magnification Loupes on Spontaneous Posture Change of Dental Students During Preclinical Restorative Training.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Maxime Carpentier is an undergraduate student, University of Nantes, Nantes, France; Davy Aubeux, DDS, MS, is Assistant Professor, Department of Endodontics and Restorative Dentistry, University of Nantes, Nantes, France; Valérie Armengol, DDS, PhD, is Associate Professor, Department of Endodontics and Restorative Dentistry, University of Nantes, Nantes, France; Fabienne Pérez, DDS, PhD, is Professor and Chair, Department of Endodontics and Restorative Dentistry, University of Nantes, Nantes, France; Tony Prud'homme, DDS, MS, is Associate Practionner, Department of Pedodontics, University of Nantes, Nantes, France; and Alexis Gaudin, DDS, PhD, is Associate Professor, Department of Endodontics and Restorative Dentistry, University of Nantes, Nantes, France.

Scientific evidence validating the beneficial effect of loupes in preventing musculoskeletal disorders is very scarce. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of dental loupes on dental students' posture during a preclinical restorative dentistry course. Using a randomized crossover design, this study was conducted at the School of Dentistry, University of Nantes, France, in 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.044DOI Listing
February 2019

Dental Students' Use of Student-Managed Google Docs and Other Technologies in Collaborative Learning.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Bradley S. Roberts is Assistant Clinical Professor, Dental Institute, Midwestern University College of Dental Medicine-Arizona; Eugenia P. Roberts is Assistant Clinical Professor, Dental Institute, Midwestern University College of Dental Medicine-Arizona; Steven Reynolds is Associate Dean of Clinical Dental Education, Midwestern University College of Dental Medicine-Illinois; and Amy F. Stein is a biostatistician, Office of Research and Sponsored Programs, Midwestern University-Arizona.

Textbooks, once the standard of education, now have competition when students prefer the Internet and digital technology. The aim of this research study was to survey dental students at one dental school about their use of student-managed Google Docs and other online technologies in collaborative e-learning. All dental students in all four classes at Midwestern University College of Dental Medicine-Arizona were invited to participate in online surveys in 2015 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.053DOI Listing
February 2019

Dental Dam and Isovac Usage: Factors Influencing Dental Students' Decisions on Isolation Techniques.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Terence A. Imbery is Associate Professor of General Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Virginia Commonwealth University; Kelsey E. Greene is a Resident, General Practice Residency, Veterans Affairs Hospital, Washington, DC; and Caroline K. Carrico is Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, Virginia Commonwealth University.

The Isovac system was introduced into the Virginia Commonwealth University dental curriculum with the intention that it would be used as a substitute when the dental dam could not be placed. The aim of this study was to determine the usage and factors that influenced dental students' decisions to use the dental dam or Isovac. All third- and fourth-year dental students (n=210) were asked in 2017 to complete a 26-item survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.048DOI Listing
February 2019

Is a Picture Worth a Thousand Words? Effectiveness of iPad Technology in Preclinical Dental Laboratory Courses.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Michele L. Kirkup, DDS, is Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Indiana University School of Dentistry; Brooke N. Adams, DDS, is Clinical Assistant Professor, Cariology, Operative Dentistry, and Public Health Department, Indiana University School of Dentistry; Paul E. Reifeis, DDS, JD, MSD, is Clinical Assistant Professor, Cariology, Operative Dentistry, and Public Health Department, Indiana University School of Dentistry; Jeni L. Heselbarth, DDS, was a dental student at Indiana University School of Dentistry at the time of this study; and Lisa H. Willis, DDS, MSD, is Clinical Assistant Professor, Cariology, Operative Dentistry, and Public Health Department, Indiana University School of Dentistry.

Dental educators should consider alternative modalities of instruction when experiencing difficulties conveying feedback to students. The aim of this study was to determine if integrating iPad technology as a visual learning tool would enhance the exchange of assessment information and improve academic performance in Indiana University School of Dentistry's preclinical curriculum. In 2016, the first-year Tooth Morphology (TM) and second-year Fixed Prosthodontics (Fixed) courses implemented a project using iPad images that allowed instructors to annotate acceptable and deficient areas of students' tooth wax-ups and preparations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.049DOI Listing
February 2019

Effectiveness of Augmented Reality Mobile Simulator in Teaching Local Anesthesia of Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Rasa Mladenovic is Teaching Assistant and Postgraduate Student, Faculty of Medicine, University of Pristina, Kosovska Mitrovica, Serbia; L.A.P. Pereira is Professor, Blantus Endodontic Center, Campinas, Brazil; Kristina Mladenovic is Postgraduate Student, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, Serbia; Nebojsa Videnovic is Associate Professor, Faculty of Medicine, University of Pristina, Kosovska Mitrovica, Serbia; Zoran Bukumiric is Assistant Professor, Institute of Medical Statistics and Informatics, University of Belgrade, School of Medicine, Belgrade, Serbia; and Jovan Mladenovic is Professor, Faculty of Medicine, University of Pristina, Kosovska Mitrovica, Serbia.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a mobile augmented reality simulator for local anesthesia training with dental students who are administering inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) for the first time. Participants in this prospective study conducted in 2016 were 41 fourth- and fifth-year students randomly divided into two groups: a control group with 19 students and an experimental group with 22 students. In addition to theoretical instruction and exercises, students in the experimental group used the mobile augmented reality simulator in a dental office 2h weekly for four weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.050DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A Systematic Review of Critical Thinking Instruments for Use in Dental Education.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Patrick L. Anders, DDS, MPH, is Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Oral Diagnostic Sciences, University at Buffalo School of Dental Medicine; Elizabeth M. Stellrecht, MLS, is Senior Assistant Librarian and Liaison, School of Dental Medicine, Health Science Library, University at Buffalo; Elaine L. Davis, PhD, is Professor, Department of Oral Diagnostic Sciences, University at Buffalo School of Dental Medicine; and W.D. McCall Jr., PhD, is Professor, Department of Oral Diagnostic Sciences, University at Buffalo School of Dental Medicine.

Critical thinking is widely recognized as an essential competency in dental education, but there is little agreement on how it should be assessed. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the availability of instruments that could be used to measure critical thinking in dental students and to evaluate psychometric evidence to support their use. In January 2017, an electronic search of both the medical and education literature was performed on nine databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.043DOI Listing
February 2019

Are There Differences in Technical Assessment Grades Between Adjunct and Full-Time Dental Faculty? A Pilot Study.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Janina Golob Deeb, DMD, MS, is Associate Professor, Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, Virginia Commonwealth University; Thomas E. Koertge, DMD, PhD, is Professor, Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, Virginia Commonwealth University; Daniel M. Laskin, DMD, MS, is Professor Emeritus, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Virginia Commonwealth University; and Caroline K. Carrico, PhD, is Assistant Professor, Oral Health Promotion and Community Outreach, Oral Health Research Core, School of Dentistry, Virginia Commonwealth University.

Some dental students preferentially schedule graded assessments with adjunct faculty members in expectation of obtaining a higher grade. The aim of this pilot study was to compare the grades given by full-time and adjunct faculty members in clinical periodontics to determine if a difference in grading existed. Grades for students given by seven full-time and 11 adjunct faculty members for various technical and competency assessments in D3 and D4 clinical periodontics courses in academic year 2015-16 were compared. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.046DOI Listing
February 2019

Assessing Effectiveness of an Audiovisual Educational Tool for Improving Dental Students' Probing Depth Consistency.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Srividya Prabhu, DMD, MSD, is in private practice in Mason, OH; Vanchit John, BDS, MDS, DDS, MSD, is Chair, Department of Periodontics and Allied Dental Programs, Indiana University School of Dentistry; Steven B. Blanchard, DDS, MS, is Director of Graduate Periodontics, Indiana University School of Dentistry; George J. Eckert, MAS, is Biostatistician Supervisor, Department of Biostatistics, Indiana University School of Medicine; and Yusuke Hamada, DDS, MSD, is Associate Program Director, Department of Periodontics and Allied Dental Programs, Indiana University School of Dentistry

Dental students often underestimate their probing depth (PD) measurements, which emphasizes the need for effective and novel methods for teaching proper probing technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of audiovisual learning aids, recorded from the point of view of examiners, for improvement in PD agreement in dental students. In 2017-18, 22 third-year dental students were randomized into test and control groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.052DOI Listing
February 2019

Snapshot of Dental Education.

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J Dent Educ 2019 Feb;83(2):257

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February 2019

2019 ADEA TechExpo: Abstracts of Presentations.

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J Dent Educ 2019 Feb;83(2):253-255

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February 2019
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Poster Abstracts: Subject Index.

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J Dent Educ 2019 Feb;83(2):247-252

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February 2019
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Poster Abstracts: Author Index.

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J Dent Educ 2019 Feb;83(2):242-246

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February 2019
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2019 ADEA Annual Session: Poster Abstracts.

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J Dent Educ 2019 Feb;83(2):188-241

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February 2019
2 Reads

Admission Criteria as Predictors of Student Success in a Dental Hygiene Program.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb;83(2):183-187

Ava K. Chow, PhD, is Associate Professor, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Alberta; and Nadine C. Milos, PhD, is Professor, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Alberta.

The aims of this study were to assess which prerequisites the dental hygiene faculty at the University of Alberta perceived as essential to success in the dental hygiene program and to determine if students' prerequisite grades and interview scores predicted their success in the program. Academic records of students admitted between 2004 and 2013 were examined in 2016 for prerequisite course grades, interview scores, and junior, senior, and cumulative grade point average (GPA). In addition, course instructors were surveyed about which prerequisites they deemed necessary for their particular subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.021DOI Listing
February 2019

Pediatric Dentists' Silver Diamine Fluoride Education, Knowledge, Attitudes, and Professional Behavior: A National Survey.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb;83(2):173-182

Mario B. Antonioni, BA, is a DDS student, Class of 2019, University of Michigan School of Dentistry; Margherita Fontana, DDS, PhD, is Clifford T. Nelson Endowed Professor of Dentistry, Department of Cariology, Restorative Sciences, and Endodontics, University of Michigan School of Dentistry; Larry B. Salzmann, DDS, is Clinical Associate Professor, Director of Predoctoral Program in Pediatric Dentistry, and Clinic Director for Pediatric Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, University of Michigan School of Dentistry; and Marita R. Inglehart, Dr phil habil, is Professor of Dentistry, Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, and Adjunct Professor, Department of Psychology, College of Literature, Science, and Arts, University of Michigan.

Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) is an inexpensive treatment for arresting cavitated carious lesions in a minimally invasive way. The aims of this study were to assess U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.020DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

The Role of Dental Providers in Preventing HPV-Related Diseases: A Systems Perspective.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb;83(2):161-172

Ellen M. Daley is Professor, Department of Community and Family Health, and Associate Dean of Research and Practice, College of Public Health, University of South Florida; Cheryl A. Vamos is Assistant Professor, Department of Community and Family Health, College of Public Health, University of South Florida; Erika Thompson is Assistant Professor, Department of Health Behavior and Health Systems, School of Public Health, University of North Texas Health Science Center; Coralia Vázquez-Otero is a doctoral research assistant, Department of Community and Family Health, College of Public Health, University of South Florida; Stacey B. Griner is a doctoral research assistant, Department of Community and Family Health, College of Public Health, University of South Florida; Laura Merrell is Assistant Professor, Department of Health Sciences, James Madison University; Nolan Kline is Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, Rollins College; Kimberly Walker is Assistant Professor, Zimmerman School of Advertising & Mass Communications, University of South Florida; Annelise Driscoll is Clinical Assistant Professor, Restorative Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of Florida; and John Petrila is Vice President of Adult Policy, Meadows Mental Health Policy Institute, Dallas, TX.

Successfully educating dental providers and patients about the link between human papillomavirus (HPV) and oropharyngeal cancer requires coordinated efforts to increase HPV-related prevention practices. The aim of this study was to identify, using a systems perspective, the multi-level determinants related to how dental providers can promote HPV prevention in dental practices. Data for this qualitative study were collected in 2015-16 from focus groups with dentists (four focus groups, n=33), focus groups with dental hygienists (four focus groups, n=48), and in-depth interviews with dental opinion leaders (n=13). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.019DOI Listing
February 2019

Should the U.S. Adopt a National Dental Clinical Licensure Examination? Two Viewpoints: Viewpoint 1: National Licensure Would Provide Multiple Advantages for Practitioners and the Profession and Viewpoint 2: Licensing Authority Should Remain Under State Dental Boards' Jurisdiction.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb;83(2):151-160

Joseph E. Gambacorta is Assistant Dean for Clinical Affairs, School of Dental Medicine, University at Buffalo; Natalie Jeong is Assistant Professor of Periodontology, School of Dental Medicine, Tufts University; Mary MacDougall is Dean, Faculty of Dentistry, University of British Columbia; Riki Gottlieb is Clinical Professor and Associate Dean for Admissions and Student Affairs, Faculty of Dentistry, University of British Columbia; Jeffery B. Price is Director of Oral Radiology, School of Dentistry, University of Maryland; and Robin Reinke is Associate Professor of Clinical Sciences, School of Dental Medicine, University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

This Point/Counterpoint article examines the need for and potential impact of implementing a national clinical examination for initial licensure in dentistry. Viewpoint 1 supports a national licensure exam that meets the clinical exam's credentialing requirement for licensure in every state. According to this viewpoint, a national exam will reduce costs, enhance portability of graduates, simplify the transition from dental school to practice or specialty training programs, and standardize requirements for licensure between states. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.018DOI Listing
February 2019

Predictive Validity of a Caries Risk Assessment Model at a Dental School.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb;83(2):144-150

Emily Brons-Piche, DDS, is a recent graduate of the School of Dentistry, University of Michigan; George J. Eckert, MAS, is a Biostatistician, Department of Biostatistics, School of Medicine, Indiana University; and Margherita Fontana, DDS, PhD, is Professor, Department of Cariology, Restorative Sciences, and Endodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan.

Caries risk assessment (CRA) is an essential component informing clinical decision making for personalized caries management. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive validity of the CRA model used at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry. Data from patients treated in the school's adult integrated clinics between 2011 and 2014 who had a CRA documented were accessed from the electronic health record. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.017DOI Listing
February 2019

A Retrospective Analysis of a Cross-Year Peer Tutoring Program for Oral Health Students.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb;83(2):137-143

Sara N. Johnson is Assistant Dean for Student and Resident Affairs, School of Dentistry, University of Minnesota; and Keith A. Mays is Associate Dean of Academic Affairs, School of Dentistry, University of Minnesota.

Health professions education is extremely challenging for students, requiring high performance in fast-paced learning environments. In addition, the challenge of instructing students at many performance levels and the lack of teaching assistants can create a knowledge gap between educators and students. Using cross-year peer tutors is one potential method to close this gap and improve student performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.016DOI Listing
February 2019

An Adapted Framework for Incorporating the Social Determinants of Health into Predoctoral Dental Curricula.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb;83(2):127-136

Tamanna Tiwari, MPH, MDS, BDS, is Assistant Professor, Department of Community Dentistry and Population Health, and Associate Director, Center for Oral Disease Prevention and Population Health Research, School of Dental Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus; and Anthony M. Palatta, DDS, EdD, is Chief Learning Officer, American Dental Education Association.

Social determinants of health (SDH) impact the overall health and well-being of the entire population. It is imperative to train future health care professionals to develop an understanding of the impact of these determinants, so they can provide contextual treatment more conscious of the culturally, racially, and socioeconomically diverse populations they will care for during their careers. This article, the second in a series of American Dental Education Association Commission on Change and Innovation in Dental Education 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.015DOI Listing
February 2019

Reviewer Thank You.

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J Dent Educ 2019 Feb;83(2):125-126

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February 2019

2018 Year-End Metrics.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb;83(2):123-124

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.014DOI Listing
February 2019

Transformational Change as a Function of Scale and Diversity: A Historical Perspective on Academic Leadership as Dynamic Process.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb;83(2 Suppl):S28-S32

Michael R. Winston, PhD, is former faculty member of Department of History, Director of the Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Vice President for Academic Affairs, Academic Counsel to the President, and Provost, Howard University and, from 1993 to 2008, was President of the Alfred Harcourt Foundation.

This article proposes that while it is widely understood that large-scale institutions require leadership, there is little consensus as to its definition or how to judge its degree of success or failure. A distinction is drawn between leadership and management. Historical background is provided to indicate change in the scale of academic and professional institutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.040DOI Listing
February 2019

Academic and Community Partnerships: Increasing Access Through Collaborative Care.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb;83(2 Suppl):S23-S27

Joseph F. West, ScD, is Managing Director, Capgenus, and Lecturer, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine; and Roderick K. King, MD, MPH, is Assistant Dean of Public Health Education, Director of MD/ MPH Program, and Associate Professor, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine.

Access to quality dental care for many adults and children remains a serious concern. Many communities throughout the U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.039DOI Listing
February 2019

Integrating Oral and Overall Health Care: Building a Foundation for Interprofessional Education and Collaborative Practice.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb;83(2 Suppl):S19-S22

Richard W. Valachovic, DMD, MPH, is President and CEO of the American Dental Education Association and Chair of the Board of Directors of the Interprofessional Education Collaborative.

Interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional practice (IPP) are game-changers. They will completely alter the way that health professionals are educated and the way that health care is delivered. The transition from our current silo-based approach to team-based education and practice is under way, and there is nothing that can be done to stop them from happening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.038DOI Listing
February 2019

21 Century Realities: The Urgency of Diversifying the Dental Professional Field.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb;83(2 Suppl):S16-S18

Tayo Clyburn, PhD, is Executive Director, Strategic Partnerships and Mission, Office of Diversity and Inclusion, The Ohio State University; and Sharon L. Davies, JD, is Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs, Spelman College.

This article asserts that U.S. demographic shifts make it imperative that academic dental institutions and, in turn, the dental profession must diversify to best meet the needs of the nation's quickly changing population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.037DOI Listing
February 2019

In Defense of Dental Therapy: An Evidence-Based Workforce Approach to Improving Access to Care.

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb;83(2 Suppl):S7-S15

Frank Catalanotto, DMD, is Professor, Department of Community Dentistry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of Florida.

This article addresses new systems and practice models in community-based dentistry. Its purpose is twofold: to identify strategies and policies that support health equity and access to care; and to identify promising efforts that serve as new models for change in the dental workforce. Dental therapy meets both of these purposes and is the major focus of this article. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.036DOI Listing
February 2019

ADEA Allied Dental Education Leadership (ADEL).

J Dent Educ 2019 Feb;83(2 Suppl):S5-S6

Richard W. Valachovic, DMD, MPH, is President and CEO, American Dental Education Association; and Jeanne C. Sinkford, DDS, PhD, is Senior Scholar in Residence, American Dental Education Association.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.035DOI Listing
February 2019

Using Situated Learning Theory to Build an Interactive Learning Environment to Foster Dental Students' Professionalism: An Ignite Project.

J Dent Educ 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Karin K. Quick, DDS, PhD, is Associate Professor and Director, Division of Dental Public Health, Department of Primary Dental Care, University of Minnesota School of Dentistry; Christine M. Blue, BSDH, MS, DHSc, is Associate Professor and Director, Division of Dental Hygiene, University of Minnesota School of Dentistry.

Recognition that professionalism is at the heart of dentistry's contract with society has led to an emphasis on educational strategies designed to improve cultivation of professional behaviors. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a project based on situated learning theory and using an Ignite format to support dental students' learning and promote professionalism. Learning activities were evaluated in terms of new thinking, changing perspectives, and professional relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.030DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

A Multi-Institutional Study of Dental Student Readiness to Address Adolescent Risk Behaviors.

J Dent Educ 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Leda Regina Fernandes Mugayar is Associate Professor of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry, University of Florida; Edna Perez is Assistant Clinical Professor of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry, University of Florida; Pamela R. Nagasawa is Assistant Professor, Biomedical Informatics and Medical Education, School of Medicine, University of Washington; David G. Brown is Professor, College of Dentistry, University of Nebraska Medical Center; Lissette A. Tolentino is at the CTSI Clinical Translational Science Institute, University of Florida; Huan S. Kuang is at the CTSI Clinical Translational Science Institute, University of Florida; Linda S. Behar-Horenstein, PhD, is Professor Emeritus, University of Florida

The aim of this replication study was to determine if prior findings at one U.S. dental school about dental students' comfort discussing and perceptions of the relevance of 15 risk behaviors to adolescent patient oral health care would be observed at other institutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.029DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Teaching and Learning in an Active Learning Classroom: A Mixed-Methods Empirical Cohort Study of Dental Hygiene Students.

J Dent Educ 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Xiaoshan Z. Gordy, PhD, is Adjunct Faculty, School of Health-Related Professions, University of Mississippi Medical Center; Lei Zhang, PhD, is Director of Office of Health Data and Research, Mississippi State Department of Health, and Professor, School of Nursing, University of Mississippi Medical Center; Amy L. Sullivan, PhD, RDH, is Professor, School of Dentistry, University of Mississippi Medical Center; Jessica H. Bailey, PhD, RHIA, is Dean and Professor, School of Health-Related Professions, University of Mississippi Medical Center; Elizabeth O. Carr, MDH, DHA, RDH, MAADH, is Associate Professor, School of Dentistry, University of Mississippi Medical Center.

The aim of this study was to discover how an active learning classroom (ALC) influenced the teaching and learning of dental radiology with dental hygiene students through a mixed-methods approach. A year-long observation of a dental hygiene professor who was teaching two consecutive courses in an ALC was conducted in 2015-16. Nineteen classes were recorded and transcribed, and observational notes on classroom activities were taken. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.026DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Increasing Dental Students' Understanding of Population Surveillance Through Data Mining.

J Dent Educ 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Nayanjot K. Rai, MPH, BDS, is Research Associate, Department of Community Dentistry and Population Health, School of Dental Medicine, University of Colorado;Clifton Carey, PhD, is Professor, Department of Craniofacial Biology and Director of Translational Research, School of Dental Medicine, University of Colorado; Diane Brunson, RDH, MPH, works at the School of Dental Medicine, University of Colorado; Tamanna Tiwari, MPH, MS, BDS, is Assistant Professor, Department of Community Dentistry and Population Health and Associate Director, Center for Oral Disease Prevention and Population Health Research, School of Dental Medicine, University of Colorado.

An understanding of population surveillance is important for predoctoral dental students, so they will comprehend the health needs of the population in order to provide needed care and promote overall health. The aim of this study was to teach data mining and surveillance methodologies to dental students and to assess the association between systemic health factors and tooth loss in patients visiting the University of Colorado School of Dental Medicine clinics. The students were calibrated to using the data mining methodologies from the Electronic Health Record (EHR) using a rubric and presentation by a faculty member. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.031DOI Listing
January 2019
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Measuring the Level of Reflective Ability of Predoctoral Dental Students: Early Outcomes in an e-Portfolio Reflection.

J Dent Educ 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Cynthia C. Gadbury-Amyot, MS, EdD, is Associate Dean and Professor of Instructional Technology and Faculty Development, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Dentistry; Lance W. Godley, DMD, is Assistant Clinical Professor, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Dentistry; John W. Nelson Jr., DDS, MPA, is Associate Clinical Professor and Vice-Chair, Restorative Clinical Sciences Department, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Dentistry.

Learning to evaluate one's own skills through reflection and self-assessment prepares dental graduates for successfully navigating an ever-changing work environment throughout their careers, but the search continues for the most effective teaching and assessment strategies to develop students' skills in these areas. Beginning with the Class of 2017, the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Dentistry adopted e-portfolios as a programmatic (four-year) global assessment measure in the predoctoral dental program, in large part to encourage the development of reflection. The aim of this study was twofold: to examine interrater reliability among raters when scoring reflective writing using a validated measure of reflection skill and to analyze students' level of reflective ability as fourth-year dental students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.025DOI Listing
January 2019

Assessing Dental Hygiene Students' and Community Caregivers' Knowledge of Strategies for Caries Prevention.

J Dent Educ 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Lisa E. Bress is Assistant Professor, University of Maryland School of Dentistry; Alice M. Horowitz is Research Associate Professor, University of Maryland School of Public Health; Diana M. Capobianco is Owner and Founder of Growing Smiles Dental Practice, Bel Air, MD; Deborah E. Fleming is Academic Manager, Colgate Oral Pharmaceuticals, Inc.; and Dushanka V. Kleinman is Associate Dean for Research, University of Maryland School of Public Health.

With dental caries being a common chronic disease in children and adults, oral health literacy is needed to improve oral health and prevent caries. If oral health providers themselves are confused about preventive strategies, they cannot effectively educate the public or other health care providers. The aim of this study was to assess University of Maryland dental hygiene students' understanding of and ability to communicate caries preventive strategies to low-income populations during a community service-learning program in 2013 and 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.022DOI Listing
January 2019

Comparison of Effectiveness of Two Teaching Methods on Acquisition of Skills in Preclinical Fixed Prosthodontics.

J Dent Educ 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Ramtin Sadid-Zadeh is Assistant Professor of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, University at Buffalo; Nicole M. Sannito is a Resident in Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, University of Illinois at Chicago; Joseph T. DeLuca is Clinical Instructor of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, University at Buffalo.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of dental faculty-student interactions, virtual assessment software, and associated rubrics on student performance by assessing tooth preparations generated during the students' final practical exam. The study, conducted in 2017 and 2018, compared teeth prepared for preclinical fixed prosthodontics competency exams by two subsequent classes of second-year dental students trained using different methods. Class A was trained for nine months prior to the exam using feedback via student-faculty interactions and conventional rubrics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.032DOI Listing
January 2019
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Teaching Complete Denture Procedures to Dental Students by Conventional or Simplified Methods: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

J Dent Educ 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Germana de Villa Camargos, DDS, MSH, PhD, is Adjunct Professor, Discipline of Removable Complete Denture, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Alfenas Dental School, UNIFAL-MG Federal University of Alfenas, Alfenas, MG, Brazil; Tamires Enrico Armenine, DDS, is a general dentist in private practice, Alfenas, MG, Brazil; André Gustavo Paleari, DDS, MSH, PhD, is Adjunct Professor, Discipline of Fixed Prosthodontics, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Alfenas Dental School, UNIFAL-MG Federal University of Alfenas, Alfenas, MG, Brazil; Gabriela Mayara Oliveira Nascimento, DDS, MSH, is a postgraduate student, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Alfenas Dental School, UNIFAL-MG Federal University of Alfenas, Alfenas, MG, Brazil; Maira Foresti Vieira Munhoz, DDS, MSH, PhD, is Associated Professor, Discipline of Removable Complete Denture, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Alfenas Dental School, UNIFAL-MG Federal University of Alfenas, Alfenas, MG, Brazil.

With populations aging around the world, the need for complete dentures is likely to increase in Brazil and other developing countries, as well among low-income populations globally, making the teaching of cost-efficient techniques to dental students essential. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of complete dentures fabricated by the simplified method in comparison to the conventional method regarding patients' oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and satisfaction, dentures' functional quality, and masticatory performance of patients who were rehabilitated by dental students. From February 2016 to April 2017, final-year dental students at the Federal University of Alfenas, Brazil, were instructed to fabricate new complete dentures for 36 edentulous patients, who were randomly divided into two groups according to denture manufacturing method: simplified method or conventional method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.023DOI Listing
January 2019

Emotional Intelligence as a Predictor of Dental Hygiene Clinical Teaching Effectiveness.

J Dent Educ 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Dianne L. Smallidge, EdD, is Associate Professor, Forsyth School of Dental Hygiene, MCPHS University;Nancy Puglisi, PhD, is Research Associate Professor of Counselor Education and School Psychology, Plymouth State University; Kathleen Patenaude, EdD, RN, CNE, is Director of Nursing Education, Plymouth State University; Linda D. Boyd, RDH, RD, EdD, is Dean and Professor, Forsyth School of Dental Hygiene, MCPHS University; Jared Vineyard, PhD, is Postdoctoral Fellow, St. Luke's Applied Research, Boise, ID.

The development of strong interpersonal relationships between clinical instructors and students has been found to contribute to clinical teaching effectiveness (CTE). In addition, strong interpersonal relationships are more likely to occur in individuals who possess a high level of emotional intelligence (EI). However, an examination of the impact of a clinical instructor's EI on CTE has not been extensively investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.033DOI Listing
January 2019
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Creating a Supportive Educational Research Culture at a Dental School by Identifying Obstacles and Solutions.

J Dent Educ 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Ann L. McCann, RDH, PhD, is Professor Emeritus and former Director of Planning and Assessment, Texas A&M University College of Dentistry; Emet D. Schneiderman, PhD, is Professor of Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University College of Dentistry.

The aim of this study was to identify the extent of educational research conducted at one U.S. dental school and to assess faculty needs for engaging in it more fully. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.027DOI Listing
January 2019
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Improving Diversity of Dental Students Through the Boston University Master's of Oral Health Sciences Postbaccalaureate Program.

J Dent Educ 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Theresa A. Davies, PhD, is Director of the MS in Oral Health Sciences Program and Assistant Dean for Graduate Affairs, Graduate Medical Sciences, and Assistant Professor of Medical Sciences & Education, Boston University School of Medicine; Elizabeth Kaye, PhD, MPH, is Professor, Department of Health Policy & Health Services Research, Boston University Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine; Michele Stahlberger, MS, is a recent graduate of the Master's in Biomedical Forensic Sciences Program, Boston University School of Medicine; Majed Abbas, MS, is a recent graduate of the Master's in Medical Sciences Program, Boston University School of Medicine; Catherine Sarkis, MBA, JD, is Assistant Dean for Admissions and Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Health Policy & Health Services Research, Boston University Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine; Linda Reed, MEd, is Director of Admissions, Boston University Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine; Larry Dunham, DMD, is Director of Diversity & Multicultural Affairs and Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of General Dentistry, Boston University Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine; Barbara M. Schreiber, PhD, is Director of Graduate Studies and Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Boston University School of Medicine; Cataldo Leone, DMD, DMSc, is Associate Dean for Academic Affairs and Professor, Departments of Periodontology and Molecular & Cell Biology, Boston University Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine; Ana Karina Mascarenhas, BDS, MPH, DrPH, is Associate Dean of Research, Nova Southeastern College of Dental Medicine.

Boston University Goldman School of Dental Medicine (GSDM), in collaboration with Boston University School of Medicine, introduced the Oral Health Sciences (OHS) pipeline program in 2005 to enhance the academic preparedness of students from underrepresented minority (URM) groups for dental school admission. The aim of this study was to evaluate the OHS program's success in preparing URM students for dental school, as measured by acceptance to dental school and performance in the first and second years. Data on 2005-15 program enrollees were collected from admissions records, the registrar, and the Office of Institutional Research on students' race/ethnicity, undergraduate and OHS grade point average (GPA), and Dental Admission Test (DAT) scores. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.024DOI Listing
January 2019

Dental and Dental Hygiene Students' Perceptions of Status Quo, Benefits of, and Curricular Suggestions for Shared Learning: On the Road to IPE?

J Dent Educ 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Martha J. McComas, RDH, MS, is Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, Division of Dental Hygiene, University of Michigan School of Dentistry; Julianne Doctor, BS, is Research Assistant, Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, University of Michigan School of Dentistry; Marita R. Inglehart, Dr phil habil, is Professor, Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry and Adjunct Professor, Department of Psychology, College of Literature, Science, and Arts, University of Michigan

In 29 U.S. academic institutions, dental and dental hygiene students are educated on the same campus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.028DOI Listing
January 2019

U.S. Oral and Maxillofacial Residents' Experience with Transgender People and Perceptions of Gender-Affirmation Education: A National Survey.

J Dent Educ 2019 Jan;83(1):103-111

David C. Ludwig, DDS, MD, is a Resident, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Washington School of Dentistry; Thomas B. Dodson, DMD, MPH, FACS, is Professor and Chair, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Washington School of Dentistry; and Shane D. Morrison, MD, MS, is a Resident, Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Washington School of Medicine.

With a growing number of individuals seeking gender-affirming surgery, there is a greater need for providers, including oral and maxillofacial surgeons, experienced in the surgical care of transgender people. The aim of this study was to evaluate oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) residents' exposure to the care of transgender people and their perceived importance of education in gender-affirming surgery. All 1,174 OMS residents in accredited U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.013DOI Listing
January 2019

The Patient Management and Professionalism Scale to Assess Dental Students' Behavior in Clinic.

Authors:
Vidya Ramaswamy

J Dent Educ 2019 Jan;83(1):94-102

Vidya Ramaswamy, PhD, is Associate Director of Curriculum and Program Evaluation, University of Michigan School of Dentistry

The Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) is a widely used instrument based on a personality framework measuring five dimensions: Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Emotional Stability, and Openness to Experiences. The aim of this study was to establish a scale to assess dental students' professionalism by adding to the TIPI's five dimensions a set of descriptors that define professional behavior in dental students. The resulting Patient Management and Professionalism Scale (PMPS) was then tested with a cohort of graduating students at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.012DOI Listing
January 2019

Effect of Collaborative Group Testing on Dental Students' Performance and Perceived Learning in an Introductory Comprehensive Care Course.

Authors:
Tobie Ann Jones

J Dent Educ 2019 Jan;83(1):88-93

Assistant Professor of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Oregon Health & Science University.

The use of collaboration while in dental school can help prepare dental students for the team-oriented nature of the workforce. One way to do this is via collaborative group testing (CGT), a method of assessment allowing students to learn from one another. The aim of this study was to examine the CGT method in a predoctoral dental education setting to determine if student examination performance improved with the addition of collaboration and if collaborative testing was beneficial to students' learning process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.011DOI Listing
January 2019
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Dental Educators' Perceptions of Educational Learning Domains.

J Dent Educ 2019 Jan;83(1):79-87

Eileen R. Hoskin is Director, Division of Operative Dentistry, Rutgers School of Dental Medicine; David C. Johnsen is Dean, University of Iowa College of Dentistry & Dental Clinics; Yun Saksena is Associate Dean for Education and Associate Professor, Adult Restorative Dentistry, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Dentistry; Zsuzsa Horvath is Assistant Professor and Director of Faculty Development, University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine; Tracy de Peralta is Clinical Associate Professor, University of Michigan School of Dentistry; Neal Fleisher is Clinical Professor of General Dentistry, Director of Predoctoral Periodontology, and Director of Faculty Development, Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine, Boston University; Teresa A. Marshall is Associate Professor, Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, University of Iowa College of Dentistry & Dental Clinics; and Cataldo Leone is Associate Dean for Academic Affairs and Professor of Periodontology, Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine, Boston University.

The aim of this study was to seek the views of a national sample of dental educators regarding the importance of learning domains in dental education, their defined outcomes of those domains, and their perceived effectiveness of their schools in guiding learning in those domains. The study defined the educational domains important for training future dentists as knowledge, technical skills, critical thinking, ethics, social responsibility, and interprofessional education/practice (IPE/IPP). A survey of members of the American Dental Education Association (ADEA) Special Interest Group on the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning was conducted in 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.010DOI Listing
January 2019
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Exploring Dental Student Performance in Moral Reasoning Using the Defining Issues Test 2.

J Dent Educ 2019 Jan;83(1):72-78

Linda S. Behar-Horenstein, PhD, is Distinguished Teaching Scholar and Professor, Colleges of Dentistry, Education, and Pharmacy, Director of CTSI Educational Development & Evaluation, and Co-Director of HRSA Faculty Development in Dentistry, College of Dentistry, University of Florida; Lissette A. Tolentino is a doctoral student in research and evaluation methodology at the University of Florida.

The aim of this study was to assess the initial levels of moral reasoning among four cohorts of dental students in the first semester of their first year of study. All 332 students at one U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.009DOI Listing
January 2019
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Impact of Discipline-Based vs. Interdisciplinary Orthodontic Courses on Dental Students' Performance.

J Dent Educ 2019 Jan;83(1):64-71

R. Burcu Nur Yilmaz is Assistant Professor of Orthodontics, Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey; Didem Nalbantgil is Professor in Orthodontics, Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey; and Fulya Ozdemir is Professor in Orthodontics, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.

The aim of this longitudinal study was to assess the effect on dental students' grades of participating in a third-year course taught in orthodontics alone versus an interdisciplinary course taught with orthodontics and pediatric dentistry combined. In the five-year dental curriculum at Yeditepe University in Istabul, Turkey, the third-year orthodontic course was taught as a single discipline until 2010, when the course was redesigned as an interdisciplinary course in orthodontics and pediatric dentistry. This retrospective study analyzed all 540 students' grades in orthodontic courses in the third, fourth, and fifth years from 2003-04 to 2014-15 to determine the impact of the third-year course design on students' performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.008DOI Listing
January 2019
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Student-to-Student Dental Local Anesthetic Preclinical Training: Impact on Students' Confidence and Anxiety in Clinical Practice.

J Dent Educ 2019 Jan;83(1):56-63

Grace Wong is Lecturer, Sydney Dental School, University of Sydney; Heather C. Apthorpe is Lecturer, Sydney Dental School, University of Sydney; Kate Ruiz is Research Associate and Clinical Educator, Sydney Dental School, University of Sydney; and Shanika Nanayakkara is Lecturer, Sydney Dental School, University of Sydney.

Effective dental local anesthetic administration forms the basis of pain-free dentistry; therefore, the application of theoretical knowledge and the ability to deliver injections safely and competently are vital aspects of student learning. Student- to-student administration of the first local anesthetic injection has been a traditional method for preclinical training. The aim of this study was to evaluate oral health students' perceived value of such practice and the impact on their level of anxiety and confidence in giving their first injections to patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21815/JDE.019.007DOI Listing
January 2019
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