151,524 results match your criteria Journal of Couple & Relationship Therapy [Journal]


Psychotropic medication use trends in a large pediatric and young adult solid organ transplant population.

Pediatr Transplant 2019 Feb 20:e13380. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Boston Children's Hospital Department of Psychiatry, Boston, Massachusetts.

Introduction: This study describes psychotropic medication use in a pediatric and young adult solid organ transplant population.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of the lifetime incidence of psychotropic medication use and associated characteristics in patients seen over a 6-year period at a large pediatric transplant center utilizing univariate and multivariate statistical analyses.

Results: The lifetime incidence of psychotropic medication use was 36. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/petr.13380DOI Listing
February 2019

Gold(II) Porphyrins in Photoinduced Electron Transfer Reactions.

Chemistry 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Duesbergweg 10-14, 55128, Mainz, GERMANY.

In the context of solar to chemical energy conversion inspired by natural photosynthesis, we present the synthesis, electrochemical properties and photoinduced electron transfer processes of three novel zinc(II)-gold(III) bis(porphyrin) dyads [ZnII(P)-AuIII(P)]+. Time-resolved spectroscopic studies indicate ultrafast dynamics (kET1 > 10^10 s-1) after visible light excitation finally yielding a charge-shifted state [ZnII(P•+)-AuII(P)]+ featuring a gold(II) centre. The lifetime of this excited state is quite long thanks to a comparably slow charge recombination (kBET2 = 3x10^8 s-1). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chem.201900050DOI Listing
February 2019

Personal, Environmental, and Family Factors of Participation among Young Children.

Child Care Health Dev 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

CanChild, Department of Pediatrics, Institute for Applied Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to assess the influences of environment, population characteristics, and service utilization on participation frequency and involvement in the home setting among children 0 to 5 years.

Method: Data was collected from parents of 236 children (mean age 3 years and 5 months, SD = 1.30, girls = 152, and boys = 84) using a children's treatment centre in Ontario through an online survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cch.12651DOI Listing
February 2019

Delay in Treatment After Cancer Diagnosis in Adolescents and Young Adults: Does Facility Transfer Matter?

J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

5 Mary Bridge Children's Health Center, Tacoma, Washington.

Background: Timeliness is one of the fundamental yet understudied quality metrics of cancer care. Little is known about cancer treatment delay among adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients. This study assessed cancer treatment delay, with a specific focus on facility transfer and diagnosis/treatment interval. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jayao.2018.0128DOI Listing
February 2019

Litorihabitans aurantiacus gen. nov., sp. nov., an actinobacterium of the family Beutenbergiaceae isolated from beach sand.

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Biological Resource Center, National Institute of Technology and Evaluation (NBRC), Chiba 292-0818, Japan.

A novel actinobacterium, designated HIsM16-52, was isolated from beach sand collected from Ishigaki Island in Japan and its taxonomic position was investigated by a polyphasic approach. Strain HIsM16-52 contained both lysine and ornithine as the diagnostic diamino acids of the peptidoglycan. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was MK-8(H4) and the major fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0 and C14 : 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.003294DOI Listing
February 2019

Recent Advances in Carbon-Based Metal-Free Electrocatalysts.

Adv Mater 2019 Feb 20:e1806403. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Macromolecular Science and Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.

Precious noble metals (such as Pt, Ir) and nonprecious transition metals (e.g., Fe, Co), including their compounds (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201806403DOI Listing
February 2019

A systematic in silico prediction of gibberellic acid stimulated GASA family members: A novel small peptide contributes to floral architecture and transcriptomic changes induced by external stimuli in rice.

J Plant Physiol 2019 Feb 13;234-235:117-132. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology in Arid Areas, College of Life Sciences, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China. Electronic address:

The GASA (GA-stimulated Arabidopsis) gene family is highly specific to plants, signifying a crucial role in plant growth and development. Herein, we retrieved 119 GASA genes in 10 different plant species in two major lineages (monocots and eudicots). Further, in the phylogenetic tree we classified these genes into four well-conserved subgroups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2019.02.005DOI Listing
February 2019

Effective stabilization and distribution of emulsified nanoscale zero-valent iron by xanthan for enhanced nitrobenzene removal.

Chemosphere 2019 Feb 15;223:375-382. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Key Laboratory of Groundwater Resources and Environment, Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun, 130021, China. Electronic address:

The reactivity and delivery of remediants and treatment of organic contaminants in heterogeneous aquifer are particularly challenging issues for injection-based remedial treatments. Our objective was to enhance the reactivity and delivery of nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) and improve the sweeping efficiency of nZVI into low permeable zones (LPZs) to reduce nitrobenzene (NB). This was accomplished by conducting batch and transport experiments that quantified NB degradation by different modified nZVI and the ability of emulsified nZVI (EZVI) or xanthan carried EZVI (XG-EZVI) to penetrate and cover a lens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.02.099DOI Listing
February 2019

A numerical-experimental study on thermal evaluation of orthodontic tooth movement during initial phase of treatment.

J Therm Biol 2019 Feb 8;80:45-55. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Orthodontics and Dental Research Centre, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

The most desired target of orthodontic treatment is tooth movement as a result of application of efficient force system. In this study, effect of tooth loading is studied on temperature profile around the tooth at early stages of treatment. The basis of temperature variation is increase of cell number and activities in periodontium as a result of compression and tension of this layer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtherbio.2019.01.005DOI Listing
February 2019

Lavandula angustifolia biological characteristics: An in vitro study.

J Cell Physiol 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Physiology Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I. R. Iran.

Objective: Lavender is an aromatic shrub belonging to the Lamiaceae family. The flowers and leaves in different forms of extracts are used as herbal medicine. The accumulation of amyloid beta (Aβ) plaques, reduction of acetylcholine due to hyperactivity of acetylcholinesterase, and glutamate neurotoxicity are known to be involved in decreased level of cognitive function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.28311DOI Listing
February 2019

A Case Study of Health-Related Support Processes in 2 Happy, Gay Couples.

Am J Lifestyle Med 2018 Nov-Dec;12(6):462-471. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

Department of Human Development and Family Studies (JRN, RJ), Utah State University, Logan, Utah.

The purpose of this case study was to explore 2, early-relationship, same-sex couples on the strategies used to support their partner's engagement in health promoting behaviors. A semistructured interview protocol was used to conduct 120-minute interviews with each couple and analyzed using grounded theory methods. Five organizing categories emerged during the analysis, resulting in a conceptual process model of health-related support in same-sex relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1559827618788854DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367874PMC

Factors Associated with Depression among School-going Adolescent Girls in a District of Northern India: A Cross-sectional Study.

Indian J Psychol Med 2019 Jan-Feb;41(1):46-53

MBA Department, Institute of Engineering and Technology, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Context: Depression among adolescents, especially among girls, is a rising public health problem worldwide. It has been associated with a profound negative impact on their physical, social, and mental well-being.

Aim Of The Study: To ascertain the factors associated with depression among school-going adolescent girls in district Barabanki of Uttar Pradesh. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/IJPSYM.IJPSYM_211_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6337940PMC
February 2019

Disabling the Gβγ-SNARE interaction disrupts GPCR-mediated presynaptic inhibition, leading to physiological and behavioral phenotypes.

Sci Signal 2019 Feb 19;12(569). Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) that couple to G proteins modulate neurotransmission presynaptically by inhibiting exocytosis. Release of Gβγ subunits from activated G proteins decreases the activity of voltage-gated Ca channels (VGCCs), decreasing excitability. A less understood Gβγ-mediated mechanism downstream of Ca entry is the binding of Gβγ to SNARE complexes, which facilitate the fusion of vesicles with the cell plasma membrane in exocytosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/scisignal.aat8595DOI Listing
February 2019

The association between payment model and specialist physicians' selection of patients with diabetes: a descriptive study.

CMAJ Open 2019 Jan-Mar;7(1):E109-E116. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Departments of Community Health Sciences (Quinn, McBrien, Hemmelgarn, Manns), Medicine (Edwards, Hemmelgarn, Tonelli, Au, Ma, Weaver, Manns) and Family Medicine (McBrien), University of Calgary, Calgary, Alta.; Department of Medicine (Senior), University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta.

Background: As the number of people with chronic diseases increases, understanding the impact of payment model on the types of patients seen by specialists has implications for improving the quality and value of care. We sought to determine if there is an association between specialist physician payment model and the types of patients seen.

Methods: In this descriptive study, we used administrative data to compare demographic characteristics, illness severity and visit indication of patients with diabetes seen by fee-for-service and salary-based internal medicine and diabetes specialists in Calgary and Edmonton between April 2011 and September 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.9778/cmajo.20180171DOI Listing
February 2019

Outcomes related to respiratory syncytial virus with an abbreviated palivizumab regimen in children with congenital heart disease: a descriptive analysis.

CMAJ Open 2019 Jan-Mar;7(1):E88-E93. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Children's & Women's Health Centre of British Columbia (Claydon, Popescu, Christopherson, Human, Solimano, Lavoie); Divisions of Neonatology (Popescu, Shaiba, Solimano, Lavoie) and Cardiology (Human), Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia; British Columbia Children's Hospital Research Institute (Popescu, Human, Lavoie), Vancouver, BC; Victoria General Hospital (Taylor), Victoria, BC; University of Toronto (Shaiba), Toronto, Ont.

Background: It has been hypothesized that 4 doses of palivizumab, a neutralizing monoclonal antibody against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), administered during a fixed-date RSV season may reduce hospital admissions comparably to the standard 5-dose schedule. We report outcomes in children with congenital heart disease approved to receive this 4-dose palivizumab schedule in British Columbia.

Methods: We performed a population-based descriptive cohort analysis of all 406 approved palivizumab courses over 4 seasons (2012/13 to 2015/16) in 325 children with hemodynamically significant congenital heart disease enrolled in the British Columbia RSV Immunoprophylaxis Program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.9778/cmajo.20180167DOI Listing
February 2019

Burnout among obstetricians and paediatricians: a cross-sectional study from China.

BMJ Open 2019 Jan 25;9(1):e024205. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Medical Administration, Southwest Hospital, Army Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Objectives: Hospitals devoted to maternal and child health represent unique healthcare institutions in China. Healthcare professionals in these hospitals attend to health services for women and children, and also provide technical services and support for district maternal and children's healthcare as well as family planning. However, few studies have examined occupational burnout among doctors employed in these hospitals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024205DOI Listing
January 2019

Children with Hemiparesis Arm and Movement Project (CHAMP): protocol for a multisite comparative efficacy trial of paediatric constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) testing effects of dosage and type of constraint for children with hemiparetic cerebral palsy.

BMJ Open 2019 Jan 15;9(1):e023285. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA.

Introduction: The Children with Hemiparesis Arm and Movement Project (CHAMP) addresses two pressing issues concerning paediatric constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT): effects of two dosages and two types of constraint on functional outcomes. Systematic reviews conclude that CIMT is one of the most efficacious treatments, but wide variations in treatment protocols, outcome measures and patient characteristics have prevented conclusions about potential effects of dosage levels and constraint methods.

Methods And Analysis: CHAMP is a multisite comparative efficacy randomised controlled trial of 135 children (2-8 years) with hemiparetic cerebral palsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023285DOI Listing
January 2019

The Molecular Mechanism of Nitrate Chemotaxis via Direct Ligand Binding to the PilJ Domain of McpN.

MBio 2019 Feb 19;10(1). Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Estación Experimental del Zaidín, Department of Environmental Protection, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Granada, Spain

Chemotaxis and energy taxis permit directed bacterial movements in gradients of environmental cues. Nitrate is a final electron acceptor for anaerobic respiration and can also serve as a nitrogen source for aerobic growth. Previous studies indicated that bacterial nitrate taxis is mediated by energy taxis mechanisms, which are based on the cytosolic detection of consequences of nitrate metabolism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/mBio.02334-18DOI Listing
February 2019

Chronic disease and socioeconomic factors among uninsured patients: A retrospective study.

Chronic Illn 2019 Feb 19:1742395319828430. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

4 Department of Family Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.

Objectives: Uninsured patients represent an understudied population. The current study aimed to estimate the burden of 10 common chronic conditions and to investigate the associated factors among patients who use free clinics for their health care needs.

Methods: Patient charts from four free clinics were reviewed from January to December of 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1742395319828430DOI Listing
February 2019

First Report of Beet black scorch virus in the United States.

Plant Dis 2006 Jun;90(6):828

USDA-ARS, Red River Valley Agricultural Research Center, Fargo, ND 58105.

In October of 2005, sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) plants exhibiting symptoms of rhizomania caused by Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) (3) were observed in a production field near Greeley, CO. The roots of seven plants exhibiting moderate to severe symptoms characteristic of this disease were tested using double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with anti-BNYVV antiserum from rabbits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PD-90-0828BDOI Listing

First Report of Late Blight Caused by Phytophthora infestans on Cape Gooseberry (Physalis peruviana) in Colombia.

Plant Dis 2007 Apr;91(4):464

Laboratorio de Fitopatología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada, Bogotá, Colombia.

Late blight caused by Phytophthora infestans is the most limiting disease for several species of the Solanaceae family in Colombia. A potential host for P. infestans is Cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana), a species belonging to the Solanaceae family. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-91-4-0464BDOI Listing

Erwinia persicina Causing Chlorosis and Necrotic Spots in Leaves and Tendrils of Pisum sativum in Southeastern Spain.

Plant Dis 2007 Apr;91(4):460

Departamento de Biología Funcional (Área de Microbiología) and Instituto Universitario de Biotecnología de Asturias (IUBA), Universidad de Oviedo, Julián Clavería 6, 33006 Oviedo, Asturias, Spain.

In 2003, symptoms of generalized chlorosis as well as necrosis in leaves and tendrils were observed in Pisum sativum L. cv Tirabeque grown in green fields in southeastern Spain (Granada Province), and by 2004, the disease affected approximately 12 ha. Bacteria isolated from symptomatic samples were gram negative, rod shaped, motile, oxidase negative, facultatively anaerobic, and fermentative, which coincided with the general characteristics of the family Enterobacteriaceae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-91-4-0460ADOI Listing

First Report of Downy Mildew Caused by Peronospora parasitica on Iberis sempervirens in Italy.

Plant Dis 2006 Sep;90(9):1261

Centre of Competence AGROINNOVA, University of Torino, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco, Italy.

Iberis sempervirens (evergreen candytuft) is a garden species belonging to the Brassicaceae family. During June 2004, a damaging foliar disease was observed in several commercial farms near Albenga (northern Italy) on I. sempervirens plants grown outdoors in containers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PD-90-1261CDOI Listing
September 2006

First Report of Phytophthora citrophthora on Penstemon barbatus in Italy.

Plant Dis 2006 Sep;90(9):1260

Centre of Competence AGROINNOVA, University of Torino, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco, Italy.

Penstemon barbatus (Cav.) Roth (synonym Chelone barbata), used in parks and gardens and sometimes grown in pots, is a plant belonging to the Scrophulariaceae family. During the summers of 2004 and 2005, symptoms of a root rot were observed in some private gardens located in Biella Province (northern Italy). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PD-90-1260ADOI Listing
September 2006

First Report of Pantoea sp. Induced Soft Rot Disease of Pleurotus eryngii in Korea.

Plant Dis 2007 Jan;91(1):109

Research Institute of Life Science, Gyeongsang National University, Jin Ju 660-701, Korea.

The king oyster mushroom, Pleurotus eryngii, has become a popular crop because of its unique flavor and texture and is cultivated in many areas in Korea. In 2003, symptoms of water-soaked lesions and soft rot in the stipes and pileus of cultivated P. eryngii was observed in Jinju, Korea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PD-91-0109ADOI Listing
January 2007

First Report of Phomopsis longicolla on Cocklebur (Xanthium strumarium) in Croatia.

Plant Dis 2007 Dec;91(12):1687

Agricultural Institute in Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia.

Cocklebur (Xanthium strumarium L.; family Asteraceae) is a widespread weed species in eastern Croatia found especially in arable crops including soybean. Symptoms of disease appear after the plants reach physiological maturity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-91-12-1687BDOI Listing
December 2007

First Report of Leaf Spot Caused by a Phoma sp. on Clematis × jackmanii in Italy.

Plant Dis 2007 Oct;91(10):1363

Centre of Competence AGROINNOVA, University of Torino, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco, Italy.

The genus Clematis, belonging to the Ranunculaceae family, is widely used in gardens and is very much appreciated for its climbing attitude as well as rich flower production. In the fall of 2006, in a private garden located near Biella (northern Italy), a severe foliar disease was observed on 2-year-old plants of Clematis × jackmanii. Small necrotic spots were observed on the upper and lower sides of infected leaves. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-91-10-1363CDOI Listing
October 2007

Spatio-Temporal Distribution, Spillover Effects and Influences of China's Two Levels of Public Healthcare Resources.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 17;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Department of Urban and Rural Planning, School of Architecture and Urban-Rural Planning, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 610041, China.

In China, upper-level healthcare (ULHC) and lower-level healthcare (LLHC) provide different public medical and health services. Only when these two levels of healthcare resources are distributed equally and synergistically can the public's demands for healthcare be met fairly. Despite a number of previous studies having analysed the spatial distribution of healthcare and its determinants, few have evaluated the differences in spatial equity between ULHC and LLHC and investigated their institutional, geographical and socioeconomic influences and spillover effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040582DOI Listing
February 2019

Picornavirus infection induces temporal release of multiple extracellular vesicle subsets that differ in molecular composition and infectious potential.

PLoS Pathog 2019 Feb 19;15(2):e1007594. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Several naked virus species, including members of the Picornaviridae family, have recently been described to escape their host cells and spread infection via enclosure in extracellular vesicles (EV). EV are 50-300 nm sized lipid membrane-enclosed particles produced by all cells that are broadly recognized for playing regulatory roles in numerous (patho)physiological processes, including viral infection. Both pro- and antiviral functions have been ascribed to EV released by virus-infected cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1007594DOI Listing
February 2019

Predictors of Health Care Service Quality among Women Insured Under Ghana's National Health Insurance Scheme.

Ann Glob Health 2018 Nov 5;84(4):640-649. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Population Family and Reproductive Health, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, GH.

Background: Insured women in Ghana are more likely to use maternity care services than their uninsured counterparts. To improve service quality among insured women in Ghana, better understanding of the factors that predict quality standards of primary health care services is essential.

Objective: To examine predictors of health care service quality among insured women under the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) in Ghana. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.9204/aogh.2371DOI Listing
November 2018

Applications of magnetic materials separation in biological nanomedicine.

Electrophoresis 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, Shanghai University, Shanghai, P. R. China.

As a result of their advantages for superparamagnetic properties, good biocompatibility and high binding capacity, functionalized magnetic materials became widely popular over the past couple of decades, being applied on large scale in various processes of sample preparation for biomedicine. In this work we perform an in-depth review on the current progress in the field of magnetic bead separation, discussing in detail the physical basis of this process, various synthesis methods and surface modification strategies. We place a special focus of attention as well on the latest applications of magnetic polymer microspheres in cell separation, protein purification, immobilized enzyme, nucleic acid separation and extraction of bioactive compounds with low molecular weight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/elps.201800401DOI Listing
February 2019

Carers of people from LGBTQ communities interactions with mental health service providers: Conflict and safety.

Int J Ment Health Nurs 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Carers Victoria, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

This exploratory study examines the experiences of informal/family carers of people from LGBTQ communities living with mental illness, or experiencing a mental health crisis, in relation to conflict and safety in their interactions with mental health service providers. Carers were surveyed to gain an understanding of their experiences of services. The data were analysed according to the six main originating domains in the Safewards model where conflict may arise as well as the nature of the activity in the domain with the addition of new categories of 'carer characteristics' and 'carer modifiers'. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/inm.12581DOI Listing
February 2019

Epidemiologic, clinical, and laboratory characteristics of childhood brucellosis : A study in an Iranian children's referral hospital.

Wien Med Wochenschr 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Pediatric Infectious Disease Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Brucellosis is endemic in Iran. Children constitute 20-25% of cases. We determined clinical, laboratory, and epidemiologic characteristics of pediatric brucellosis patients hospitalized at the Children's Medical Center from May 2011 to December 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10354-019-0685-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Family-based therapy for anorexia nervosa: results from a 7-year longitudinal Singapore study.

Eat Weight Disord 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Khoo Teck Puat - National University Children's Medical Institute, National University Health System, NUHS Tower Block Level 12, 1E Kent Ridge Road, Singapore, 119228, Singapore.

Purpose: To determine the effectiveness of Family-Based Therapy (FBT) as a treatment for Anorexia Nervosa (AN) in adolescents in a Singaporean cohort. FBT has proven effective in studies in the West, but no such study has been done in Asia.

Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of a hospital-based cohort, which included all paediatric patients (≤ 18-years) with AN treated at a tertiary hospital in Singapore between 2011 and 2017 (n = 119). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40519-019-00654-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Novel mutation in the ZP1 gene and clinical implications.

J Assist Reprod Genet 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

IVF Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, 107 Yan Jiang West Road, Guangzhou, 510120, Guangdong, China.

Purpose: Empty follicle syndrome (EFS) is a complex reproductive disorder characterized by the repeated failure to aspirate oocytes from mature ovarian follicles during in vitro fertilization (IVF). In addition to some cases caused by iatrogenic problems and known genetic factors, there are still many unexplained aspects of EFS. Here, we aimed to assess the clinical and genetic characteristics of two EFS patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10815-019-01404-1DOI Listing
February 2019

Does Religious Activity Distinguish the Mortality Experiences of Older Taiwanese? An Analysis Using Eighteen Years of Follow-Up Data.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Institute for Ageing, Newcastle University, Newcastle, UK.

This paper extends investigation of religiosity and longevity to Taiwan using a 1989 survey: N = 3849, aged 60+, with 18 years of follow-up. Religious activity is measured as worship and performance of rituals. A Gompertz regression, adjusted and non-adjusted for covariates and mediating factors, shows the hazard of dying is lower for the religiously active versus the non-active. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00778-xDOI Listing
February 2019

A molecular noble metal-free system for efficient visible light-driven reduction of CO to CO.

Dalton Trans 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Hong Kong, China.

A new pentadentate quinoline-pyridine ligand and its iron (1), cobalt (2) and nickel (3) complexes have been synthesized and characterized. The iron complex exhibits excellent photocatalytic activity towards CO2-to-CO conversion with a TON(CO) of 544 and a selectivity of 99.3% using the commercially available organic dye purpurin as the photosensitiser and BIH as the electron donor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c9dt00425dDOI Listing
February 2019

Roseithermus sacchariphilus gen. nov., sp. nov. and proposal of Salisaetaceae fam. nov., representing new family in the order Rhodothermales.

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

1​Marine Biotechnology Research Center, Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology, Busan, Republic of Korea.

A novel bacterium with cells that were pinkish-cream-coloured, aerobic, rod-shaped, 0.62-1.00 µm wide and 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.003293DOI Listing
February 2019

Risk factors for child sexual abuse victimization: A meta-analytic review.

Psychol Bull 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Research Institute of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam.

Experiencing child sexual abuse (CSA) is a major public health problem with serious consequences for CSA victims. For effective assessment and (preventive) intervention, knowledge on risk factors and their effects is crucial. Here, the aim was to synthesize research on associations between (putative) risk factors and CSA victimization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000188DOI Listing
February 2019

Distal skin vasodilation in sleep preparedness, and its impact on thermal status in preterm neonates.

Sleep Med 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

PériTox, UMR_I 01, Jules Verne University of Picardy, CURS, Présidence UPJV, Amiens, France.

Objective: Prior to sleep onset in human adults, distal body temperatures change progressively from wakefulness levels (low skin temperatures and a high core temperature) to sleep levels (high skin temperatures and a low core temperature) due to distal skin vasodilation and greater body cooling. It is not known whether this sleep preparedness exists in preterm neonates, even though sleep has a key role in neonatal health and neurodevelopment. The present study's objectives were to determine whether sleep preparedness (as observed in adults) can be evidenced in preterm neonates, and to assess repercussions on thermal stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2018.12.026DOI Listing
February 2019

Renal Imaging: Core Curriculum 2019.

Am J Kidney Dis 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address:

Renal imaging has become a fundamental part of clinical care for patients with kidney disease. Imaging strategies for the kidney have been evolving during the past hundred years and have been even more rapidly changing during the past couple of decades due to the development of modern computed tomographic techniques, magnetic resonance imaging, and more sophisticated ultrasonographic techniques, such as contrast-enhanced ultrasonography. Applying the correct radiologic study for the clinical situation maximizes the diagnostic accuracy of the imaging, and a judicious choice between techniques helps limit radiation dose and potential adverse events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.ajkd.2018.12.029DOI Listing
February 2019

Carotid Intima-Media Thickness and Carotid Plaque: A Pilot Study of Risk Factors in an Indigenous Nigerian Population.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Discipline of Medical Radiation Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Risk factors for carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and carotid plaque (CP) differ by ethnicity; however, this is not well understood in some ethnic populations. This work examines the risk factors for cIMT and CP in an indigenous Nigerian population.

Methods: We assessed cIMT and CP in 122 participants and then performed biochemical analysis: fasting blood glucose (FBG), hemoglobin A1c, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), triglyceride (TG), and total cholesterol (TC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2019.01.035DOI Listing
February 2019

La proteins couple use of sequence-specific and non-specific binding modes to engage RNA substrates.

RNA Biol 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

a Department of Biology , York University , Toronto , Ontario , Canada.

La shuttles between the nucleus and cytoplasm where it binds nascent RNA polymerase III (pol III) transcripts and mRNAs, respectively. La protects the 3' end of pol III transcribed RNA precursors, such as pre-tRNAs, through the use of a well-characterized UUU-3'OH binding mode. La proteins are also RNA chaperones, and La-dependent RNA chaperone activity is hypothesized to promote pre-tRNA maturation and translation at cellular and viral internal ribosome entry sites via binding sites distinct from those used for UUU-3'OH recognition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15476286.2019.1582955DOI Listing
February 2019

Referral patterns through the lens of health facility readiness to manage obstetric complications: national facility-based results from Ghana.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 18;16(1):19. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Maternal Child Health, MEASURE Evaluation/ Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Introduction: Countries with high maternal and newborn mortality can benefit from national facility level data that describe intra-facility emergency referral patterns for major obstetric complications. This paper assesses the relationship between referral and facilities' readiness to treat complications at each level of the health system in Ghana. We also investigate other facility characteristics associated with referral. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0684-yDOI Listing
February 2019

Health care waste management among health workers and associated factors in primary health care facilities in Kampala City, Uganda: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 18;19(1):203. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Disease Control and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Makerere University, P.o Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Healthcare wastes (HCWs) are one of the most hazardous wastes globally; second to only radiation waste. HCW management needs to be prioritized because of the devastating effects on human health and environment if not well managed. Health workers play a crucial role in management of HCWs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6528-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Perception of severe osteoporosis amongst medical doctors in South Korea: Awareness, impact, and treatment.

Osteoporos Sarcopenia 2016 Mar 2;2(1):45-63. Epub 2016 Mar 2.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, South Korea.

Objectives: Little is currently known about the issues surrounding management and treatment of severe osteoporosis in South Korea. Our objective was to assess doctors' views on the perception, diagnosis, and treatment of severe osteoporosis.

Methods: Face-to-face interviews were conducted (16 February-13 March 2015) with 100 doctors (specialists in orthopedic surgery, endocrinology, neurosurgery, family medicine, or rheumatology) who treated ≥5 severe osteoporosis (T-score ≤ -2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.afos.2016.02.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372755PMC

County-level socioeconomic and crime risk factors for substantiated child abuse and neglect.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Feb 15;90:127-138. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University, United States.

Rates of substantiated child abuse and neglect vary significantly across counties. Despite strong cross-sectional support for links between social-contextual characteristics and abuse and neglect, few longitudinal studies have tested relations between these risk factors and substantiated rates of abuse/neglect. The goal of this study was to identify county-level socioeconomic and crime factors associated with substantiated abuse/neglect rates over 13 years (2004-2016). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Bacterial community analysis for investigating bacterial transfer from tonsils to the pig carcass.

Int J Food Microbiol 2019 Feb 4;295:8-18. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Technical University of Denmark, National Food Institute, Kemitorvet, Building 202, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark. Electronic address:

Tonsils in the oral cavity are an important source of contamination during pig slaughter, but have not received as much attention as faecal contamination. In the present study, ten pigs were sampled from tonsils, faeces and three different areas on each carcass. The samples were analysed by both culturing of Escherichia coli and Yersinia enterocolitica and by 16S rRNA gene sequencing to characterize the bacterial communities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019