2,519 results match your criteria Journal of Community Health [Journal]


Perception of Choking Injury Risk Among Healthcare Students.

J Community Health 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Unit of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Vascular Sciences and Public Health, University of Padova, Via Loredan, 18, 35131, Padova, Italy.

Choking injuries in children represent a severe public health burden. Although most choking injuries are due to food, parents have often been found to be unaware of the choking hazards presented by food. In this context, healthcare professionals may play an important role in choking prevention by educating families. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-019-00662-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00662-5DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Prevalence, Severity, and Risk of Future Falls in Community-Dwelling Older Adults Living in a Rural Community: The Atahualpa Project.

J Community Health 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

School of Medicine, Stony Brook University, New York, NY, USA.

Accidental falls are a leading cause of disability and death in older adults living in urban centers. However, little is known about the consequences of falls in rural communities. We aimed to assess characteristics and risk of falls in community-dwellers aged ≥ 60 years living in rural Ecuador. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00664-3DOI Listing

Use of community forums to increase knowledge of HPV and cervical cancer in African American communities.

J Community Health 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Division of Health Equities, Department of Population Sciences, City of Hope Medical Center, Duarte, CA, 91010, USA.

Cervical cancer adversely impacts African American communities. While disparities in incidence remain unclear, communities continue to use forums to increase cervical cancer education. The purpose of this paper is to examine the efficacy of using community forums to increase human papillomavirus vaccine (HPVV) and cervical cancer knowledge in African American communities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00665-2DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The Role of a Community-Based Intervention in Promoting Helmet Use in a Non-probability Sample of Rural Motorcyclists in Iran.

J Community Health 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Research Center of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Health Education and Promotion, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Although the use of helmets is known to prevent the majority of mortalities by head injuries, it is ignored by a large number of motorcyclists. The present study was conducted to promote helmet use in an attempt to reduce injuries among motorcyclists in a rural area by adopting a community-based participation approach. The one-group pretest-posttest pre-experimental design was conducted in northwest Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00663-4DOI Listing

Smoking Social Norms Among Young Adults in New York City.

J Community Health 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Bureau of Chronic Disease Prevention and Tobacco Control, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 2 Gotham Center, 42-09 28th Street, 11th Floor, Queens, New York, 11101, NY, USA.

More than half of young adult (YA) (ages 18-26) smokers are non-daily smokers. While standard cessation methods are generally successful with adults and daily smokers, there is evidence that they are not as successful among non-daily smokers or young adults. Additionally, YA smokers are also in a transition period to regular smoking, making research on understanding how interpersonal and environmental factors affect this group of smokers critical. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-019-00641-w
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00641-wDOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

A Process Evaluation of the Skin Cancer Prevention Act (Tanning Beds): A Survey of Ontario Public Health Units.

J Community Health 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Canada.

Evidence of the dangers of indoor tanning and its popularity, including among youth, led the Government of Ontario to pass the Skin Cancer Prevention Act (Tanning Beds) (SCPA) in 2014. This legislation includes prohibiting the sale of indoor tanning services to individuals under 18, requiring warning signs be posted, and other safety regulations. We collected information from Ontario Public Health Units to conduct a process evaluation of the SCPA to: understand legislation implementation; assess available evidence about compliance, inspection, and enforcement; and, note barriers and facilitators related to inspection and enforcement. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-019-00658-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00658-1DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Self-Justifications for Unsafe Sex Among Incarcerated Young Men Who Have Sex with Men and Are Living with HIV: Results from a New York City Jail-Based Pilot Intervention.

J Community Health 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

NYC Health + Hospitals Correctional Health Services, 200 Construction Way, Rikers Island, East Elmhurst, NY, 11370, USA.

Young men who have sex with men (YMSM), especially African American and Latinx YMSM, accounted for the highest proportion of new HIV diagnoses in 2016. Minorities and persons living with HIV are over-represented in correctional settings. To influence risk behaviors of incarcerated YMSM who are living with HIV, New York City Health + Hospitals adapted, implemented, and evaluated an evidence-based intervention (EBI)-Personalized Cognitive Counseling-as a pilot program for YMSM, aged 20-29 in New York City jails from May 2015 to July 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00654-5DOI Listing

Sex Differences in the Association Between School Experiences and Marijuana Use Among African American Adolescents.

J Community Health 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Center for Prevention Science, Health Promotion and Education, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 45221-0068, USA.

This study examined whether past month marijuana use among African American adolescents differed based on school experiences and individual feelings toward school. A secondary analysis of the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health was conducted to answer research questions. Results from the multivariable logistic regression analyses revealed that female students at highest risk for recent use included those who held negative feelings toward school (OR 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00652-7DOI Listing

Rural Adult Perspectives on Impact of Hearing Loss and Barriers to Care.

J Community Health 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

School of Public Health, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA.

Adult hearing loss has a significant impact on communication and quality of life. In spite of effective methods of diagnosis and treatment, many rural adults face significant barriers and delays in accessing care. The purpose of this study is to characterize the impact of hearing loss and the barriers for hearing healthcare in rural adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00656-3DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Factors Associated with State Variation in Mortality Among Persons Living with Diagnosed HIV Infection.

J Community Health 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, CDC, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Mailstop US8-2, Atlanta, GA, 30329, USA.

In the United States, the all-cause mortality rate among persons living with diagnosed HIV infection (PLWH) is almost twice as high as among the general population. We aimed to identify amendable factors that state public health programs can influence to reduce mortality among PLWH. Using generalized estimating equations (GEE), we estimated age-group-specific models (24-34, 35-54, ≥ 55 years) to assess the association between state-level mortality rates among PLWH during 2010-2014 (National HIV Surveillance System) and amendable factors (percentage of Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP) clients with viral suppression, percentage of residents with healthcare coverage, state-enacted anti-discrimination laws index) while controlling for sociodemographic nonamendable factors. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-019-00655-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00655-4DOI Listing
April 2019
10 Reads

Effects of Urban Violence on Primary Healthcare: The Challenges of Community Health Workers in Performing House Calls in Dangerous Areas.

J Community Health 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear - IEN, Comissão Nacional de Energia Nuclear, CNEN, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Community health workers in developing countries usually perform house calls in degraded and violent territories. Thus, in this paper we study the effects of urban violence in the performance of CHWs in poorly developed territories, in order to understand the challenges of delivering care to dangerous communities in developing countries. We conducted telephone surveys for 5 months in 2017, within a systematic sample of 2. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-019-00657-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00657-2DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Community-Based Cervical Cancer Education: Changes in Knowledge and Beliefs Among Vietnamese American Women.

J Community Health 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Center for Asian Health, Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Low cervical cancer screening rates among Vietnamese American women have been attributed, in part, to inadequate knowledge about cervical cancer and health beliefs that hinder screening. A community-based educational program was developed to improve knowledge and attitudes toward cervical cancer screening in this underserved population. It was hypothesized that the program would result in increases in knowledge, as well as enhanced health beliefs and self-efficacy toward obtaining cervical cancer screening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00645-6DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Coping, Discrimination, and Physical Health Conditions Among Predominantly Poor, Urban African Americans: Implications for Community-Level Health Services.

J Community Health 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Division of Public Health, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, 200 East 1st Street, Flint, MI, 48502, USA.

African Americans and ethnic minorities experience racial discrimination in a variety of settings. Racial discrimination is a potent stressor that has been linked to psychosocial stress and poor physical health. To cope with discriminatory experiences and daily life event stressors, African Americans frequently use the concept of John Henryism (a high effort coping strategy with prolonged exposure to stress). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00650-9DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Variables Associated with Emergency Department Utilization by Pediatric Patients with Asthma in a Federally Qualified Health Center.

J Community Health 2019 Mar 23. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 420 E Superior St, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.

To study variables associated with Emergency Department (ED) utilization among pediatric patients with asthma in a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC). We analyzed Electronic Health Record (EHR) data in a retrospective cohort study of patients with asthma between ages 2 and 18 who received primary care at a FQHC. The primary outcome studied was a visit to the ED at Ann and Robert Lurie's Children's Hospital (LCH) for an acute visit related to asthma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00653-6DOI Listing

Teaching Community Health Needs Assessment to First Year Medical Students: Integrating with Longitudinal Clinical Experience in Rural Communities.

J Community Health 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Family Medicine & Biobehavioral Health, University of Minnesota Medical School, Duluth Campus, 1035 University Drive, Duluth, MN, 55812, USA.

Community health education is especially important for physicians who will practice in rural communities. However, the majority of efforts to teach community and population health in medical school appear in later years and focus on non-rural contexts. This article presents data from a formative evaluation of a newly developed curricular component on population health and community health assessment for first year medical students in a rural longitudinal clinical preceptorship. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00651-8DOI Listing

Aspirin Use for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in an African American Population: Prevalence and Associations with Health Behavior Beliefs.

J Community Health 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 S. Second St. Ste. 300, Minneapolis, MN, 55454, USA.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States, disproportionately affecting African Americans. Aspirin is an effective, low cost option to reduce cardiovascular events. This study sought to describe the use of aspirin for CVD prevention in African Americans and evaluate associations with demographics, cardiovascular risk factors and health behaviors and beliefs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00646-5DOI Listing

Disparities in HPV Screening and Prevention in Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Regions of Michigan.

J Community Health 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

CMU College of Medicine, Mt Pleasant, USA.

Among rural and underserved areas, existing disparities are very well studied, but current perceptions of HPV vaccination among parents are unknown. This study was designed using a survey administered to parents of children eligible for the HPV vaccine at community events throughout Central and Northern Michigan. These data suggest that the most important factor leading to successful vaccination is a conversation with a PCP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00644-7DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

An Educational Intervention to Improve Provider Screening for Syphilis Among Men Who Have Sex with Men Utilizing an Urban Urgent Care Center.

J Community Health 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University Medical Center, 630 West 168th St, New York, NY, 10032, USA.

Rates of syphilis are increasing in the United States especially among men who have sex with men (MSM). The purpose of this project was to implement an educational intervention based on the 2015 CDC Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) Treatment Guidelines for urgent care providers with an emphasis on identifying MSM sexual behavior and appropriate screening for syphilis. An urgent care center was identified as a location where men seek care and where STD testing was occurring. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00647-4DOI Listing

The US Mortality Crisis: An Examination of Non-Hispanic White Mortality and Morbidity in Yavapai County, Arizona.

J Community Health 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ, USA.

Midlife non-Hispanic white mortality in the United States is rising, particularly in small metro and rural counties. This article responds to calls for county-level studies. We examine social determinants of morbidity and mortality among adult non-Hispanic whites in Yavapai County, Arizona, as part of an integrative study. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-019-00648-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00648-3DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Prevalence and Correlates of Cultural Smokeless Tobacco Products among South Asian Americans in New York City.

J Community Health 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Population Health, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.

Despite the high prevalence of smokeless tobacco (SLT) use in South Asia, little is known about the use of cultural smokeless tobacco among South Asians in the United States (US). This study examines the prevalence and correlates of SLT products among South Asians living in New York City (NYC). A total of 602 South Asians living in NYC completed a community health needs and resource assessment and answered questions about the use of SLT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00649-2DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

The Burden and Social Determinants of Asthma Among Children in the State of Georgia.

J Community Health 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Center for Affordable Medical Innovation, Emory University, Atlanta, USA.

Asthma is one of the most common chronic health conditions in children, and social determinants are thought to be important risk factors. We used Georgia data from the Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance Survey (BRFSS), and data from the Georgia hospital and emergency department survey for children with a diagnosis of asthma. All data were from the years 2011 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00642-9DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

HPV Vaccination and Korean American College Women: Cultural Factors, Knowledge, and Attitudes in Cervical Cancer Prevention.

J Community Health 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 368 Plantation Street, Worcester, MA, 01605, USA.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection that leads to nearly all cervical cancers in the United States (U.S.), which could be prevented with the HPV vaccine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00634-9DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Gender and Public Health Emergency Preparedness Among United States Adults.

J Community Health 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Brown School, Washington University in St. Louis, Campus Box 1196, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO, 63130, USA.

Public health emergency preparedness can improve a community's ability to cope health outcomes associated with environmental disasters and complex emergencies. Previous studies of gender and preparedness have yielded mixed results. The objective of this study was to examine the association between gender and public health emergency preparedness among U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00638-5DOI Listing

Family and Friend Influences on Fruit and Vegetable Intake in Elementary Aged Children.

J Community Health 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Clemson University, P.O. Box 340745, Clemson, SC, 29634-0745, USA.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the eating behaviors and social cognitive factors that affect fruit and vegetable consumption. Strategies to change, pros & cons, enjoyment, family support, and peer influence were measured in children ages 8-10 years both pre- and post- Zest Quest® program (pre: n = 82; post: n = 80). Children for a comparison group were selected from comparable elementary schools and pre- and post- measures were evaluated (pre: n = 92; post: n = 87). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00640-xDOI Listing

Exploring HPV Knowledge, Awareness, Beliefs, Attitudes, and Vaccine Acceptability of Latino Fathers Living in the United States: An Integrative Review.

J Community Health 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Exercise and Health Sciences, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Boston, 100 Morrissey Boulevard, Boston, MA, 02125, USA.

To conduct an integrative review to identify and synthesize studies exploring human papillomavirus (HPV) knowledge, awareness, beliefs, attitudes, and acceptability of the HPV vaccine among Latino fathers living in the United States. The review methodology was informed by those developed by Whittemore and Knafl, which allow for the inclusion of qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods studies. Using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews meta-analyses guidelines, five electronic databases (PubMed, Medline, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Science Direct) were searched for peer-reviewed, full-text studies published in English with samples that included Latino fathers and examined knowledge, awareness, beliefs, attitudes about the HPV and the HPV vaccines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00636-7DOI Listing

Correlates and Levels of Physical Activity and Body Mass Index Among Saudi Men Working in Office-Based Jobs.

J Community Health 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Obesity and overweight are global public health concerns with major consequences. Physical inactivity has been repeatedly linked with a high Body Mass Index (BMI) and the increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases. In Saudi Arabia, approximately 60% of the entire population is considered physically inactive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00639-4DOI Listing

Addressing Tobacco Use in Underserved Communities Through a Peer-Facilitated Smoking Cessation Program.

J Community Health 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

School of Social Work, University of Maryland, 525 West Redwood Street, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA.

Communities Engaged and Advocating for a Smoke-Free Environment (CEASE) is a long-standing research partnership between a university and the neighboring community that was established to reduce tobacco use among poor and underserved residents. The CEASE tobacco cessation program was implemented in four phases, with each new phase applying lessons learned from the previous phases to improve outcomes. This study describes CEASE's community-based approach and reports results from implementing the second phase of the intervention which, among other things, varied in the type of incentives, setting, and providers used. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-019-00635-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00635-8DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

The Impact of the Affordable Care Act Medicaid Expansion on Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosis and Treatment: A National Survey of Physicians.

J Community Health 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, 5841 S Maryland Ave. MC 2007, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA.

In 2014, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) provided funding for states to expand Medicaid coverage to include citizens who earned up to 138% of the federal poverty line. We sought to ascertain whether physicians practicing in Medicaid expansion states reported an increase in Medicaid or newly insured patients with type 2 diabetes in their panels, compared to physicians practicing in non-expansion states. We conducted a 55-question cross-sectional survey of 356 physicians providing outpatient care for adults with type 2 diabetes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00637-6DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Health Disparities Among Sexual Gender Minority Women in the United States: A Population-Based Study.

J Community Health 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

School of Medicine, The University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV, USA.

There is a paucity of population-based research to identify health disparities experienced by sexual gender minority (SGM) women. The purpose of this study was to use a population-based data set to understand disparities in access to healthcare, preventive care, and health risk behaviors of lesbian and bisexual women compared to their straight counterparts and to each other. This was a cross-sectional study using the 2016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00631-yDOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

A Community-Partnered, Evidence-Based Approach to Improving Cancer Care Delivery for Low-Income and Minority Patients with Cancer.

J Community Health 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle, WA, USA.

Community-engaged adaptations of evidence-based interventions are needed to improve cancer care delivery for low-income and minority populations with cancer. The objective of this study was to adapt an intervention to improve end-of-life cancer care delivery using a community-partnered approach. We used a two-step formative research process to adapt the evidence-based lay health workers educate engage and encourage patients to share (LEAPS) cancer care intervention. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-019-00632-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00632-xDOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Magnitude and Composition of Sedentary Behavior in Older Adults Living in a Retirement Community.

J Community Health 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Sport Sciences, Federal University of Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, MG, Brazil.

High amount of sedentary behavior (SB) has been associated with a multitude of adverse health events in older adults. There are limited data regarding SB in older adults living in retirement communities (RC). This study described the magnitude and composition of SB [non-screen sedentary time (NSST) and screen sedentary time (SST)] in older adults living in a RC and documented variation in this behavior as a function of demographic, health, health behavior and clinical variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00633-wDOI Listing
February 2019

Follow-up Study Methods for a Longitudinal Cohort of Alaska Native and American Indian People Living within Urban South Central Alaska: The EARTH Study.

J Community Health 2019 Feb 23. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 3900 Ambassador Dr., Ste. 201, Anchorage, AK, 99508, USA.

Longitudinal data are needed to investigate chronic disease causation and improve prevention efforts for Alaska Native and American Indian (ANAI) people. This paper describes the methods used to conduct follow-up data collection of a longitudinal cohort that enrolled ANAI adults between 2004 and 2006 in south central Alaska. The follow-up study re-examined ANAI participants in a large, urban centre in south central Alaska between 2015 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00630-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Applied Learning for Undergraduates: Integrating NCHEC Competencies and CEPH Public Health Domains in a Public Health Practice Course.

J Community Health 2019 Feb 23. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

School of Health and Applied Human Sciences, University of North Carolina Wilmington, 601 S. College Rd., Box 5956, Wilmington, NC, 28403, USA.

To meet Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH) accreditation standards for a standalone undergraduate public health program, faculty at the University of North Carolina Wilmington conducted a matrix exercise to assess curricular alignment with the CEPH Domains of Public Health (PHDs) and the National Commission for Health Education Credentialing (NCHEC) competencies. Addressing gaps in the undergraduate public health program identified by the matrix exercise drove development of a new course, Public Health Practice. The course was designed to use real world experience to provide students with the tools and skills needed for the practice of public health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00629-6DOI Listing
February 2019

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and Utilization of Preventive Health Care Services Among Asian Americans in Michigan during Pre- and Post-Affordable Care Act Implementation.

J Community Health 2019 Feb 23. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

College of Literature, Science and the Arts, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.

Since the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), significant increases in the percent of insured United States residents has steadily increased. Studies have shown that there is an increase in preventative services usage and a decrease in chronic disease burden with increased access to insurance. However, very little has been studied about how the implementation of ACA has impacted utilization of health services and health status among Asian Americans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00628-7DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Mapping Child Safety Seat Use in Cases of Fatal or Incapacitating Child Motor Vehicle Injury in Cook County, Illinois from 2011 to 2015.

J Community Health 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Stanley Manne Children's Research Institute, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, 225 E. Chicago Ave, Box 157, Chicago, IL, 60611-2991, USA.

Child safety seat use reduces the risk of fatal injury by 71% for infants and 54% for toddlers, yet more than one-third of child passengers killed in traffic crashes in the US are unrestrained. Nearly half (47%) of crash injuries occur within 5 miles of the injured person's home. Mapping the location of motor vehicle crashes resulting in serious or fatal injury to unrestrained child passengers may pinpoint high-risk neighborhoods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00626-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Environmental Risk Perceptions and Community Health: Arsenic, Air Pollution, and Threats to Traditional Values of the Hopi Tribe.

J Community Health 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Hopi Department of Health & Human Services, P.O. Box 123, Kykotsmovi, AZ, 86039, USA.

American Indian and Alaska Native populations experience chronic disparities in a wide range of health outcomes, many of which are associated with disproportionate exposures to environmental health hazards. In the American Southwest, many indigenous tribes experience challenges in securing access to sustainable and safe sources of drinking water, limiting air pollution emissions on and off tribal lands, and cleaning up hazardous contaminants left over from a legacy of natural resource extraction. To better understand how households perceive the risk of exposure to potential environmental health risks, we conducted six focus groups organized by age and geographic location on the Hopi reservation. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-019-00627-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00627-8DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Correction to: No-Notice Mystery Patient Drills to Assess Emergency Preparedness for Infectious Diseases at Community Health Centers in New York City, 2015-2016.

J Community Health 2019 Apr;44(2):395

Bureau of Healthcare System Readiness, Office of Emergency Preparedness and Response, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Queens, NY, USA.

The article No-Notice Mystery Patient Drills to Assess Emergency Preparedness for Infectious Diseases at Community Health Centers in New York City, 2015-2016, written by Mohsin Ali and Marsha D. Williams, was originally published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on 02 January 2019 without open access. With the author(s)' decision to opt for Open Choice the copyright of the article changed on 13 January 2019 to © The Author(s) 2019 and the article is forthwith distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00621-0DOI Listing

Smoking and Smoking Cessation Among Persons with Tobacco- and Non-tobacco-Associated Cancers.

J Community Health 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health, 4770 Buford Highway, MS F76, Atlanta, GA, 30341, Georgia.

Purpose: To examine smoking and use of smoking cessation aids among tobacco-associated cancer (TAC) or non-tobacco-associated cancer (nTAC) survivors. Understanding when and if specific types of cessation resources are used can help with planning interventions to more effectively decrease smoking among all cancer survivors, but there is a lack of research on smoking cessation modalities used among cancer survivors.

Methods: Kentucky Cancer Registry data on incident lung, colorectal, pancreatic, breast, ovarian, and prostate cancer cases diagnosed 2007-2011, were linked with health administrative claims data (Medicaid, Medicare, private insurers) to examine the prevalence of smoking and use of smoking cessation aids 1 year prior and 1 year following the cancer diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00622-zDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Risk Factors for Recurrent Injuries from Physical Violence Among African Men in The Gambia.

J Community Health 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Graduate Institute of Injury Prevention and Control, College of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei, 11031, Taiwan.

While men are known to be at high risk of recurrent injuries from physical violence, the risk factors in African men have not been investigated. We conducted a matched case-control study to identify factors associated with recurrent injuries from physical violence in The Gambia. Eligible participants were injured male patients aged ≥ 15 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00625-wDOI Listing
February 2019

Taxi Drivers at Risk: Tailoring Nutrition and Exercise Materials.

J Community Health 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Immigrant Health and Cancer Disparities Service, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.

Cognitive interviewing was used to refine nutrition and exercise health education materials for use in the New York City taxi driver community. Cognitive interviews were conducted with taxi drivers at garages and community centers across New York City. Interviews were conducted in five rounds with approximately 10 interviews conducted in each round. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00618-9DOI Listing
January 2019

Barriers to Healthcare Seeking and Provision Among African American Adults in the Rural Mississippi Delta Region: Community and Provider Perspectives.

J Community Health 2019 Jan 19. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

College of Education and Human Sciences, The University of Southern Mississippi, 118 College Drive #5172, Hattiesburg, MS, 39406, USA.

Barriers to health care access and utilization are likely to be perceived differently for receivers and providers of health care. This paper compares and contrasts perspectives of lay community members, volunteer community health advisors (CHA), and health care providers related to structural and interpersonal barriers to health care seeking and provision among African American adults experiencing health disparities in the rural Mississippi Delta. Sixty-four Delta residents (24 males, 40 females) participated in nine focus groups organized by role and gender. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00620-1DOI Listing
January 2019
25 Reads

Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Trends, Barriers, and Promotion Methods Among American Indian/Alaska Native and Non-Hispanic White Adolescents in Michigan 2006-2015.

J Community Health 2019 Jan 19. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 984355 Medical Center, Omaha, NE, 68198, USA.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, the most common sexually transmitted disease in the US, is a preventable cause of cancer. HPV vaccination has the potential to prevent 90% of HPV-related cancer cases but is underutilized, especially among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) adolescents. The objectives of this study were to (1) describe trends and identify predictors of HPV vaccination initiation and completion in Michigan's AI and Non-Hispanic White children age 9 through 18 years and (2) to identify barriers to HPV vaccination and promotion methods at the tribal, state, and local levels in Michigan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00615-4DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Income, Race and its Association with Obesogenic Behaviors of U.S. Children and Adolescents, NHANES 2003-2006.

J Community Health 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Exercise Science Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Public Health Research Center, 921 Assembly St, 29201, Columbia, SC, USA.

Objectives: To describe the associations of income and race with obesogenic behaviors and % body fat among a large sample of U.S. children and adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00613-6DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Pre-exposure Prophylaxis for HIV Infection: Preventing Disease or Promoting Sexual Health?

J Community Health 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

School of Public Health, University at Albany, Rensselaer, NY, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00616-3DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

No-Notice Mystery Patient Drills to Assess Emergency Preparedness for Infectious Diseases at Community Health Centers in New York City, 2015-2016.

J Community Health 2019 Apr;44(2):387-394

Bureau of Healthcare System Readiness, Office of Emergency Preparedness and Response, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Queens, NY, USA.

Mystery patient drills using simulated patients have been used in hospitals to assess emergency preparedness for infectious diseases, but these drills have seldom been reported in primary care settings. We conducted three rounds of mystery patient drills designed to simulate either influenza-like illness (ILI) or measles at 41 community health centers in New York City from April 2015 through December 2016. Among 50 drills conducted, 49 successfully screened the patient-actor (defined as provision of a mask or referral to the medical team given concern of infection requiring potential isolation), with 35 (70%) drills completing screening without any challenges. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00595-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411664PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Prevalence and Factors Associated with Frailty and Cognitive Frailty Among Community-Dwelling Elderly with Knee Osteoarthritis.

J Community Health 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Medical Services, Ministry of Public Health, Mueang Nonthaburi District, Thailand.

Physical frailty and cognitive impairment are risk factors for adverse outcomes in older people with osteoarthritis of the knee (knee OA). This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and associated factors of frailty and cognitive frailty among community-dwelling older patients with knee OA in four representative cities of Thailand. Data composed of three parts, Part 1: Demographic data, Part 2: The assessment of frailty by Fried phenotype and cognitive function by MiniCog and Part 3: The assessment of factors associated with frailty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00614-5DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

The Association Between Perceived Stress and Hypertension Among Asian Americans: Does Social Support and Social Network Make a Difference?

J Community Health 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Maryland School of Public Health, 2242 Valley Drive, College Park, MD, 20742, USA.

Prior research suggests that stress plays role in the etiology and progression of hypertension. To lend a more accurate depiction of the underlying mechanisms between stress and hypertension, this study aims to assess the associations between perceived stress and hypertension across varying levels of social support and social network among Asian Americans. We conducted a cross-sectional study using data on 530 Chinese, Korean and Vietnamese Americans recruited from a liver cancer prevention program in the Washington D. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-018-00612-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00612-7DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Ancillary Benefit of Increased HPV Immunization Rates Following a CBPR Approach to Address Immunization Disparities in Younger Siblings.

J Community Health 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Center for the Advancement of Underserved Children, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 West Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI, 53226, USA.

Increasing HPV vaccination rates may decrease the disproportionately high HPV-associated disease incidence and mortality in African Americans (AA) and lower socioeconomic individuals. Data from a community-based participatory research (CBPR) study addressing immunization disparities among 19-35 month old children was analyzed to identify ancillary benefits in HPV immunization rates for adolescent siblings. Sub-study analysis inclusion criteria: AA (N = 118), 13-17 years old, younger sibling enrolled in parent study, and enrolled ≥ 9 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00610-9DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Potentially Avertable Premature Deaths Associated with Jail Incarceration in New York City.

J Community Health 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Office of Policy, Planning, and Strategic Data Use, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Long Island City, NY, 11101, USA.

This study assessed neighborhood-level association between jail incarceration and premature mortality and estimated the number of potentially avertable premature deaths associated with jail incarceration in NYC. The study outcome was premature mortality rate and the main predictor of interest was jail incarceration rate. Variables associated with premature mortality in bivariate analysis were considered for inclusion in the multivariable ordinary least squares model and in the multivariable linear mixed effects model accounting for spatial correlation. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-018-00611-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00611-8DOI Listing
January 2019
15 Reads