2,481 results match your criteria Journal of Community Health [Journal]


Smoking and Smoking Cessation Among Persons with Tobacco- and Non-tobacco-Associated Cancers.

J Community Health 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health, 4770 Buford Highway, MS F76, Atlanta, GA, 30341, Georgia.

Purpose: To examine smoking and use of smoking cessation aids among tobacco-associated cancer (TAC) or non-tobacco-associated cancer (nTAC) survivors. Understanding when and if specific types of cessation resources are used can help with planning interventions to more effectively decrease smoking among all cancer survivors, but there is a lack of research on smoking cessation modalities used among cancer survivors.

Methods: Kentucky Cancer Registry data on incident lung, colorectal, pancreatic, breast, ovarian, and prostate cancer cases diagnosed 2007-2011, were linked with health administrative claims data (Medicaid, Medicare, private insurers) to examine the prevalence of smoking and use of smoking cessation aids 1 year prior and 1 year following the cancer diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00622-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Risk Factors for Recurrent Injuries from Physical Violence Among African Men in The Gambia.

J Community Health 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Graduate Institute of Injury Prevention and Control, College of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei, 11031, Taiwan.

While men are known to be at high risk of recurrent injuries from physical violence, the risk factors in African men have not been investigated. We conducted a matched case-control study to identify factors associated with recurrent injuries from physical violence in The Gambia. Eligible participants were injured male patients aged ≥ 15 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00625-wDOI Listing
February 2019

Taxi Drivers at Risk: Tailoring Nutrition and Exercise Materials.

J Community Health 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Immigrant Health and Cancer Disparities Service, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.

Cognitive interviewing was used to refine nutrition and exercise health education materials for use in the New York City taxi driver community. Cognitive interviews were conducted with taxi drivers at garages and community centers across New York City. Interviews were conducted in five rounds with approximately 10 interviews conducted in each round. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00618-9DOI Listing
January 2019

Barriers to Healthcare Seeking and Provision Among African American Adults in the Rural Mississippi Delta Region: Community and Provider Perspectives.

J Community Health 2019 Jan 19. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

College of Education and Human Sciences, The University of Southern Mississippi, 118 College Drive #5172, Hattiesburg, MS, 39406, USA.

Barriers to health care access and utilization are likely to be perceived differently for receivers and providers of health care. This paper compares and contrasts perspectives of lay community members, volunteer community health advisors (CHA), and health care providers related to structural and interpersonal barriers to health care seeking and provision among African American adults experiencing health disparities in the rural Mississippi Delta. Sixty-four Delta residents (24 males, 40 females) participated in nine focus groups organized by role and gender. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00620-1DOI Listing
January 2019
12 Reads

Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Trends, Barriers, and Promotion Methods Among American Indian/Alaska Native and Non-Hispanic White Adolescents in Michigan 2006-2015.

J Community Health 2019 Jan 19. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 984355 Medical Center, Omaha, NE, 68198, USA.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, the most common sexually transmitted disease in the US, is a preventable cause of cancer. HPV vaccination has the potential to prevent 90% of HPV-related cancer cases but is underutilized, especially among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) adolescents. The objectives of this study were to (1) describe trends and identify predictors of HPV vaccination initiation and completion in Michigan's AI and Non-Hispanic White children age 9 through 18 years and (2) to identify barriers to HPV vaccination and promotion methods at the tribal, state, and local levels in Michigan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00615-4DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Income, Race and its Association with Obesogenic Behaviors of U.S. Children and Adolescents, NHANES 2003-2006.

J Community Health 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Exercise Science Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Public Health Research Center, 921 Assembly St, 29201, Columbia, SC, USA.

Objectives: To describe the associations of income and race with obesogenic behaviors and % body fat among a large sample of U.S. children and adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00613-6DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Pre-exposure Prophylaxis for HIV Infection: Preventing Disease or Promoting Sexual Health?

J Community Health 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

School of Public Health, University at Albany, Rensselaer, NY, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00616-3DOI Listing
January 2019

No-Notice Mystery Patient Drills to Assess Emergency Preparedness for Infectious Diseases at Community Health Centers in New York City, 2015-2016.

J Community Health 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Bureau of Healthcare System Readiness, Office of Emergency Preparedness and Response, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Queens, NY, USA.

Mystery patient drills using simulated patients have been used in hospitals to assess emergency preparedness for infectious diseases, but these drills have seldom been reported in primary care settings. We conducted three rounds of mystery patient drills designed to simulate either influenza-like illness (ILI) or measles at 41 community health centers in New York City from April 2015 through December 2016. Among 50 drills conducted, 49 successfully screened the patient-actor (defined as provision of a mask or referral to the medical team given concern of infection requiring potential isolation), with 35 (70%) drills completing screening without any challenges. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00595-5DOI Listing
January 2019

Prevalence and Factors Associated with Frailty and Cognitive Frailty Among Community-Dwelling Elderly with Knee Osteoarthritis.

J Community Health 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Medical Services, Ministry of Public Health, Mueang Nonthaburi District, Thailand.

Physical frailty and cognitive impairment are risk factors for adverse outcomes in older people with osteoarthritis of the knee (knee OA). This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and associated factors of frailty and cognitive frailty among community-dwelling older patients with knee OA in four representative cities of Thailand. Data composed of three parts, Part 1: Demographic data, Part 2: The assessment of frailty by Fried phenotype and cognitive function by MiniCog and Part 3: The assessment of factors associated with frailty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00614-5DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The Association Between Perceived Stress and Hypertension Among Asian Americans: Does Social Support and Social Network Make a Difference?

J Community Health 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Maryland School of Public Health, 2242 Valley Drive, College Park, MD, 20742, USA.

Prior research suggests that stress plays role in the etiology and progression of hypertension. To lend a more accurate depiction of the underlying mechanisms between stress and hypertension, this study aims to assess the associations between perceived stress and hypertension across varying levels of social support and social network among Asian Americans. We conducted a cross-sectional study using data on 530 Chinese, Korean and Vietnamese Americans recruited from a liver cancer prevention program in the Washington D. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-018-00612-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00612-7DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Ancillary Benefit of Increased HPV Immunization Rates Following a CBPR Approach to Address Immunization Disparities in Younger Siblings.

J Community Health 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Center for the Advancement of Underserved Children, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 West Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI, 53226, USA.

Increasing HPV vaccination rates may decrease the disproportionately high HPV-associated disease incidence and mortality in African Americans (AA) and lower socioeconomic individuals. Data from a community-based participatory research (CBPR) study addressing immunization disparities among 19-35 month old children was analyzed to identify ancillary benefits in HPV immunization rates for adolescent siblings. Sub-study analysis inclusion criteria: AA (N = 118), 13-17 years old, younger sibling enrolled in parent study, and enrolled ≥ 9 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00610-9DOI Listing
January 2019

Potentially Avertable Premature Deaths Associated with Jail Incarceration in New York City.

J Community Health 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Office of Policy, Planning, and Strategic Data Use, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Long Island City, NY, 11101, USA.

This study assessed neighborhood-level association between jail incarceration and premature mortality and estimated the number of potentially avertable premature deaths associated with jail incarceration in NYC. The study outcome was premature mortality rate and the main predictor of interest was jail incarceration rate. Variables associated with premature mortality in bivariate analysis were considered for inclusion in the multivariable ordinary least squares model and in the multivariable linear mixed effects model accounting for spatial correlation. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-018-00611-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00611-8DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

Predictors of the Timing of Sexual Intercourse Initiation among Adolescents in South Korea.

J Community Health 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Nursing, Dong-A University, 32 Daesingongwon-ro, Seo-gu, Busan, 49201, South Korea.

While the age of sexual intercourse initiation has decreased in South Korea, its correlates have not been identified using a nationally representative sample. This study investigated the predictors of the timing of sexual intercourse initiation among high school students in South Korea. A total of 10,810 students in the twelfth grade were selected from the Youth Health Behavior Online Survey (2016), and their data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and survival analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00605-6DOI Listing
January 2019

Eating in the Absence of Hunger and Obesity Among Adolescents in Santiago, Chile.

J Community Health 2018 Dec 20. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Division of Child Development and Community Health, Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC 0927, La Jolla, CA, 92093-0927, USA.

In reports among mostly, US, white, preschool and young school-age children eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) has been positively related to adiposity, with some support for a sex-specific relationship. There is considerable interest in EAH and obesity in populations at risk for obesity-like populations of countries that have undergone rapid development. We assessed adolescents (n = 679) after an overnight fast with anthropometry and an EAH paradigm beginning with an ad lib pre-load meal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00608-3DOI Listing
December 2018

Local Disparities in Breastfeeding Initiation and Duration: A Cross-Sectional Population-Based Survey in Ten Chicago Community Areas.

J Community Health 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Chicago Medical School, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, 333 Green Bay Road, North Chicago, IL, 60064, USA.

Breastfeeding confers substantial health benefits to women and infants. While disparities in breastfeeding persist in the United States, the extent of these disparities at the local level is unclear. This study aimed to identify local level and racial/ethnic breastfeeding disparities within Chicago. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00597-3DOI Listing
December 2018

Nonfatal Firearm Violence Trends on the Westside of Chicago Between 2005 and 2016.

J Community Health 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Sinai Urban Health Institute, 1500 S. Fairfield Ave K448, Chicago, IL, 60608, USA.

This paper examines the epidemiology of nonfatal firearm violence (NFFV) on the Westside of Chicago over three finite time periods: 2005-2008, 2009-2012, and 2013-2016. The trend analysis will look at any significant changes over the time periods and describe the demographic characteristics of NFFV. A descriptive analysis of Mount Sinai Hospital (MSH) Emergency Department (ED) data was conducted. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-018-00603-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00603-8DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Latent Tuberculosis Infection Beliefs and Testing and Treatment Health Behaviors Amongst Non-US-Born South Asians in New Jersey: A Cross-Sectional Community Survey.

J Community Health 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, 1 Robert Wood Johnson Place, New Brunswick, NJ, 08901, USA.

Latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) remains a problem in the United States as reactivation leads to active TB disease particularly in persons with risk factors. The objective of this study is to assess the knowledge, attitudes and health behaviors related to testing and treatment of LTBI among non-US-born South Asians (SA) in New Jersey (NJ). A cross-sectional, community-based survey was the primary tool for gathering data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00607-4DOI Listing
December 2018

Food Insecurity, Food Deserts, and Waist-to-Height Ratio: Variation by Sex and Race/Ethnicity.

J Community Health 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Criminal Justice, University of Texas at San Antonio, 501 W. Cesar Chavez Blvd., San Antonio, TX, 78207, USA.

The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between two food-related hardships-food insecurity and living in a food desert-on waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). Data on participants from waves I and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) were analyzed. The association between food-related hardships and waist-to-height ratio were examined using logistic regression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00601-wDOI Listing
December 2018

Are We Serving the Most At-Risk Communities? Examining the Reach of a South Carolina Home Visiting Program.

J Community Health 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Children's Trust of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

In addition to individual-level characteristics, characteristics of the social and physical environments in which individuals reside may adversely impact health outcomes. Careful attention to the role of "place" can result in programs that successfully deliver services to those most at risk. This retrospective, cross-sectional study used geocoded residential addresses from 3090 households enrolled in a South Carolina (SC) home visiting program, 2013-2016, and corresponding years of data for maternal and child health outcomes obtained from vital records data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00606-5DOI Listing
December 2018

College Students' Perception of Current and Projected 30-Year Cardiovascular Disease Risk Using Cluster Analysis with Internal Validation.

Authors:
Dieu-My T Tran

J Community Health 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

School of Nursing, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, 4505 S. Maryland Pkwy, Box 453018, Las Vegas, NV, 89154-3018, USA.

Cardiovascular risk factors in young adults at a national level are less than ideal specifically for hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, and diabetes. Explore college students' perception of their 30-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk using cluster analysis technique with internal validation. This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00609-2DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

An Examination of Preterm Birth and Residential Social Context among Black Immigrant Women in California, 2007-2010.

J Community Health 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Program in Public Health, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA.

The foreign-born black population contributes a considerable amount of heterogeneity to the US black population. In 2005, black immigrants accounted for 20% of the US black population. Compared to native-born black women, black immigrant women are at lower risk for adverse birth outcomes, including preterm birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00602-9DOI Listing
December 2018

Bike Lane Obstructions in Manhattan, New York City: Implications for Bicyclist Safety.

J Community Health 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Health and Behavior Studies, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY, 10027, USA.

Over the past 5 years, the number of regular cyclists in New York City (NYC) increased by ~ 140,000 to over 800,000 regular riders. Aiming to promote safe cycling, NYC has developed over 1000 miles of planned commuting and recreational bike paths across its five boroughs. Bike lane obstructions pose a safety risk to cyclists but the extent of such obstructions is unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00596-4DOI Listing
December 2018

Human Papillomavirus Vaccination in Georgia: Evaluating the Georgia HPV Work Group.

J Community Health 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

CNR 7019, Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA.

HPV-related cancers can be prevented through HPV vaccination, however uptake and completion of the vaccination in the state of Georgia remains suboptimal. The research team conducted two online focus groups with members of the Georgia Cancer Control Consortium HPV Work Group in efforts to better understand the role that the working group could have on increasing vaccination uptake and completion in the state of Georgia. Analysis of the focus groups was completed using a Grounded Theory approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00598-2DOI Listing
December 2018

A Mixed-Methods Assessment of a Peer-Enforced Tobacco- and Smoke-Free Policy at a Large Urban University.

J Community Health 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

College of Public Health, University of South Florida, 13201 Bruce B. Downs Blvd, Tampa, FL, 33612, USA.

The study aims to evaluate the enforcement, opinions, and effectiveness of the University of South Florida's tobacco free policy one year following implementation. By assessing readiness to change and using geographic information system (GIS) mapping this study sought to introduce a unique and effective way of evaluating college tobacco free policies. A cross-sectional survey was administered to students, faculty, and staff to assess knowledge of policy and resources, tobacco use observations, stage change regarding policy enforcement, self-efficacy to enforce, and policy impact on perceived campus tobacco use (n = 5242). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0593-yDOI Listing
December 2018

Barriers to Disease Monitoring and Liver Cancer Surveillance Among Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B in the United States.

J Community Health 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Asian Liver Center, Department of Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, 780 Welch Road, CJ 130, Palo Alto, CA, 94304-5787, USA.

Chronic hepatitis B infection (CHB) is a condition that needs ongoing care such as monitoring for liver enzymes (ALT) and HBV DNA tests in treated and untreated patients, and annual imaging evaluation for liver cancer. Although follow-up care and treatment might seem straight forward, an estimated two-thirds of those who are aware of their infection are not seeing a health care provider, and more than half of those who are eligible for treatment do not receive it. This study aimed to compile and examine studies related to the barriers of disease monitoring, treatment, and liver cancer surveillance for CHB patients in the United States (US). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00604-7DOI Listing
December 2018

Free-Floating Bikeshare and Helmet Use in Seattle, WA.

J Community Health 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Harborview Injury Prevention & Research Center, University of Washington, 401 Broadway, 4th Floor, Seattle, WA, 98122, USA.

Wearing a helmet when bicycling prevents traumatic brain injury in the event of a crash. Most cyclists nationwide use helmets when riding. However, the growth of free-floating bike sharing systems, which offer short-term access to bicycles but not helmets, may erode helmet-wearing norms among cyclists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-00599-1DOI Listing
December 2018

Knowledge of the Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus and Preventive Practices Against Zika Virus Among U.S. Travelers.

J Community Health 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Recreation, Park, and Tourism Studies, Indiana University School of Public Health-Bloomington, Bloomington, IN, USA.

Individuals are often at increased risk of acquiring infectious disease while traveling. We sought to understand knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) regarding Zika virus among travelers from the United States. A total of 1043 study participants were recruited from a probability-based internet panel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0594-xDOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Foods and Drinks Available from Urban Food Pantries: Nutritional Quality by Item Type, Sourcing, and Distribution Method.

J Community Health 2018 Nov 17. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Department of Family and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Health System, 1300 Morris Park Ave, Block Building, Room 408, Bronx, NY, 10461-1900, USA.

The overall nutritional quality of foods/drinks available at urban food pantries is not well established. In a study of 50 pantries listed as operating in the Bronx, NY, data on food/drink type (fresh, shelf-stable, refrigerated/frozen) came from direct observation. Data on food/drink sourcing (food bank or other) and distribution (prefilled bag vs. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-018-0592-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0592-zDOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Children's Pain and Distress at a Public Influenza Vaccination Clinic: A Parent Survey and Public Observation Study.

J Community Health 2018 Nov 10. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) Research Institute, 401 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, K1H 8L1, Canada.

Immunizations are a necessary but distressing and painful procedure that most infants and children regularly undergo. Each year, a tertiary pediatric hospital in Canada holds an influenza vaccination clinic for all staff and their families. Evidence-based interventions to reduce pain and distress in babies and children are used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0590-1DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Awareness and Knowledge of Human Papilloma Virus and Cervical Cancer in Women with High Pap Uptake.

J Community Health 2018 Nov 10. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, 5920 Forest Park Rd Suite 652, Dallas, TX, 75325, USA.

This cross-sectional study explored knowledge, awareness, and health practices surrounding cervical cancer prevention and screening. Patients (n = 129) were recruited from three community clinics of underserved populations in Dallas, Texas. Women between ages 18-65 were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire to evaluate their knowledge, awareness, and attitudes related to pap tests, human papilloma virus (HPV), HPV vaccines, and cervical cancer. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-018-0591-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0591-0DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Correlation of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption and School Free and Reduced Lunch Eligibility as a Measure of Socioeconomic Status.

J Community Health 2018 Nov 1. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Pediatriacs, NorthShore University HealthSystem, Evanston, IL, USA.

To determine whether a correlation exists between sugar-sweetened beverage consumption (SSB) and school free and reduced lunch (FRL) eligibility as a measure of socioeconomic status (SES). In January 2016, a modified version of the Bev 15 survey was anonymously administered to 5th and 6th grade students in 14 Chicago suburban public elementary schools. Students were asked to recall and record their beverage intake over the last 24 h for five predefined beverage groups [SSB, real fruit juice (RFJ), diet or sugar free beverages, milk, and water]. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-018-0588-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0588-8DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Examining the Associations Between Immigration Status and Perceived Stress Among HIV-Infected and Uninfected Women.

J Community Health 2018 Dec;43(6):1172-1181

Department of Occupational Medicine, Epidemiology and Prevention (OMEP), Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Great Neck, NY, 11021, USA.

Stress is associated with poor mental and physical health outcomes. In the United States (U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0537-6DOI Listing
December 2018

HPV Vaccine-Related Research, Promotion and Coordination in the State of Georgia: A Systematic Review.

J Community Health 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine was first recommended for female adolescents in the United States in 2006, and for male adolescents in 2011. In 2016, national HPV vaccine coverage was 43.4%, and slightly higher in Georgia (45. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-018-0589-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0589-7DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Sugary Drink Consumption Among NYC Children, Youth, and Adults: Disparities Persist Over Time, 2007-2015.

J Community Health 2018 Oct 27. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Bureau of Chronic Disease Prevention and Tobacco Control, Long Island City, NY, USA.

Sugary drink consumption is associated with many adverse health outcomes, including weight gain, diabetes, and other chronic conditions. These beverages are widely marketed and ubiquitously available. This analysis explores sugary drink consumption across all age groups among New York City (NYC) residents using representative survey data. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-018-0587-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0587-9DOI Listing
October 2018
13 Reads

Building Community Partnerships: The Role of Schools of Public Health.

J Community Health 2018 Oct 27. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Department of Community Health and Social Sciences, School of Public Health, City University of New York (CUNY), New York, NY, 10027, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0586-xDOI Listing
October 2018

Understanding Geographic and Neighborhood Variations in Overdose Death Rates.

J Community Health 2018 Oct 20. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA.

The current opioid epidemic continues to challenge us in new and potentially troubling ways. For example, research today finds more overdose deaths occurring in rural, rather than urban, geographic areas. Yet, studies have often ignored heterogeneities within these spaces and the neighborhood variations therein. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0583-0DOI Listing
October 2018

The Influence of a Place-Based Foundation and a Public University in Growing a Rural Health Workforce.

J Community Health 2018 Oct 20. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, USA.

An unlikely partnership between a private, place-based foundation and the University of New Mexico's Office for Community Health resulted in an innovative approach for addressing a critical shortage of health professionals in an isolated, rural setting in the southeastern corner of New Mexico. Many place-based private foundations are focused locally and are naturally disinclined to engage distally located public universities for local projects. Large public universities do not often focus resources on small communities located far from their campuses. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-018-0585-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0585-yDOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Knowledge and Practice of Health Workers about Healthcare Waste Management in Public Health Facilities in Eastern Ethiopia.

J Community Health 2018 Oct 19. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, P.O.Box 235, Harar, Ethiopia.

Healthcare waste management (HWM) problems are growing with an ever-increasing number of hospitals, clinics, diagnostic laboratories, etc in Ethiopia. Health workers are one of the key personnel who are responsible for the proper management of healthcare wastes at any health facilities. However, this performance will depend the level of knowledge and practice regarding waste management. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-018-0584-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0584-zDOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads

Factors Influencing Colorectal Cancer Screening Among Thais in the U.S.

J Community Health 2018 Oct 19. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Department of Nursing, Chosun University, 309 Pilmun-daero, Dong-gu, Gwangju, 501-759, Republic of Korea.

This study examined factors related to colorectal cancer (CRC) screening uptake among Thais in the United States. A total of 121 Thais between 50 and 75 years of age, who were married and living in southern California participated in the survey (mean age = 61 years). Out of all the participants, only 21% of the participants had fecal occult blood tests, 21% had sigmoidoscopy, and 45% had colonoscopy that were within the recommended period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0578-xDOI Listing
October 2018

Chronic Disease Burden of the Homeless: A Descriptive Study of Student-Run Free Clinics in Tampa, Florida.

J Community Health 2018 Oct 15. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, USA.

Variation between homeless populations due to socioeconomic and environmental factors necessitates tailoring medical, health policy, and public health interventions to the unique needs of the homeless population served. Despite the relatively large size of the homeless population in Florida, there is a paucity of research that characterizes the homeless population who frequent homeless clinics within the state. This project describes the demographics, disease prevalence, and other risk factors among homeless individuals in Tampa, Florida. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-018-0580-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0580-3DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Birth Certificate Validity and the Impact on Primary Cesarean Section Quality Measure in New York State.

J Community Health 2018 Oct 15. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Office of Quality and Patient Safety, New York State Department of Health, Corning Tower, Empire State Plaza, Albany, NY, 12237, USA.

In New York (NY), birth certificate data are routinely used for assessing quality of care and health outcomes such as primary cesarean section (PCS) rates. However rare events are often underreported. This study compared birth certificates to medical records, and examined the impact of underreporting on risk adjustment variables for PCS. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-018-0577-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0577-yDOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Primary Prevention of Prescription Drug Misuse Among Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Suburban Communities.

J Community Health 2018 Oct 12. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Drexel University Dornsife School of Public Health, 3215 Market Street Room 412 (Nesbitt Hall), Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Comprehensive strategies for prescription drug misuse must reach culturally and linguistically diverse suburban populations to effectively combat the ongoing opioid epidemic. The purpose of this study was to conduct a community needs assessment and inform the development and implementation of culturally appropriate primary prevention strategies for community-based interventions, specifically related to medication disposal practices. Three data collection techniques were utilized: key informant interviews (n = 4), intercept surveys (n = 71), and focus group discussions (n = 8; 61 participants). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-018-0579-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0579-9DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

A Workplace-Based Intervention to Improve Awareness, Knowledge, and Utilization of Breast, Cervical, and Colorectal Cancer Screenings Among Latino Service and Manual Labor Employees in Utah.

J Community Health 2018 Oct 10. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Cancer Control and Population Sciences, Huntsman Cancer Institute, 2000 Circle of Hope, Salt Lake City, UT, 84112, USA.

In the United States, Latinos are more likely to be uninsured and diagnosed with later stage cancer than non-Hispanic whites. Promotoras (lay health educators) help improve cancer knowledge and facilitate access to cancer screenings. We tested a promotora led workplace-based intervention to improve knowledge of and adherence to breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening among Latino employees in service or manual labor jobs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0581-2DOI Listing
October 2018

Factors Shaping Women's Pre-abortion Communication with Members of Their Social Network.

J Community Health 2018 Oct 10. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue MC 2050, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA.

To understand women's pre-abortion conversations with members of their social network about their abortion decision. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with women presenting for first-trimester surgical abortion at a high volume, hospital-based abortion clinic. Women were asked their reasons for discussing or not discussing abortion and responses received after disclosing their abortion decision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0582-1DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Reaching Uninsured Overweight and Obese Children Through the FitKids Mobile Lifestyle Modification Program: Lessons Learned.

J Community Health 2018 Oct 1. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Baylor College of Medicine, 8080 North Stadium Drive, Suite 250, Houston, TX, 77054, USA.

The US prevalence of childhood obesity remains high with ~ 1 in five children diagnosed with obesity, and rates of obesity are likely higher in uninsured and Medicaid populations than in those with private insurance. To understand the impact of an obesity intervention, an established mobile clinic program conducted a study to determine whether a FitKids Mobile Lifestyle Modification Program could reach overweight and obese uninsured children. Eighty-six children (ages 8-18 years) participated in the FitKids study over two trial periods. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-018-0575-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0575-0DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Comparison of Cancer Fatalism Among Rural Smokers and Nonsmokers.

J Community Health 2018 Sep 28. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Biostatistics, College of Allied Health Sciences, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, 27834, USA.

This study examined the relationship of cancer fatalism, using the Powe Fatalism Inventory (PFI), and smoking status (active smoker and nonsmoker) among rural adults. Utilizing a convenience sample, a cross-sectional study was performed. Inclusion criteria included being at least 18 years of age and a resident of one of the selected counties in the rural region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0576-zDOI Listing
September 2018

A Framework for Addressing Diabetes-Related Disparities in US Latino Populations.

J Community Health 2018 Sep 27. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.

Despite national efforts to redress racial/ethnic disparities, Latino Americans continue to share a disproportionate burden of diabetes-related morbidity and mortality. A better understanding of underlying causes and influencing factors is needed to guide future efforts to eliminate racial/ethnic disparities in diabetes control. The objectives of this review are: (1) to summarize our understanding of determinants and modifiable predictors of glycemic control; (2) to provide an overview of existing strategies to reduce diabetes-related disparities; and (3) to identify gaps in the literature regarding whether these interventions effectively address disparities in US Latino populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0574-1DOI Listing
September 2018
9 Reads

Prevalence of Viral Hepatitis in Foreign-Born Populations in the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area, 2009-2015.

J Community Health 2018 Sep 26. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Milken Institute of School of Public Health, The George Washington University, 950 New Hampshire Ave NW, Washington, DC, 20052, USA.

While the majority of viral hepatitis is experienced in the developing world, migration of people from high prevalence countries contributes to health outcomes in the United States. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in foreign-born immigrants living in the Baltimore-Washington metropolitan area. This study used cross-sectional data from 5982 individuals screened at community events held from 2009 to 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0573-2DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

A Systematic Review of Interventions to Minimize Transportation Barriers Among People with Chronic Diseases.

J Community Health 2018 Sep 11. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Center for Cardiovascular and Chronic Care, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Transportation is an important social determinant of health. Transportation barriers disproportionately affect the most vulnerable groups of society who carry the highest burden of chronic diseases; therefore, it is critical to identify interventions that improve access to transportation. We synthesized evidence concerning the types and impact of interventions that address transportation to chronic care management. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-018-0572-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0572-3DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Community Health and Employee Work Performance in the American Manufacturing Environment.

J Community Health 2019 Feb;44(1):178-184

Center for Healthcare Studies, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.

Although better community health has long been assumed to be good for local businesses, evidence demonstrating the relationship between community health and employee performance is quite limited. Drawing on human resources data on 6103 employees from four large US manufacturing plants, we found that employees living in counties with poor community health outcomes had considerably higher rates of absenteeism and tardiness (ABT). For example, in one company, employees living in communities with high rates of children on free or reduced lunch had higher rates of ABT compared to other employees [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0570-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329723PMC
February 2019