33 results match your criteria Journal of Cognitive Psychology [Journal]

  • Page 1 of 1

Cross-linguistic phonotactic competition and cognitive control in bilinguals.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2017 4;29(7):783-794. Epub 2017 May 4.

Bilingualism and Psycholinguistics Research Group, Roxelyn and Richard Pepper Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, 2240 Campus Drive Evanston, IL 60208-3540,.

The current study examines the relation between cognitive control and linguistic competition resolution at the sublexical level in bilinguals. Twenty-one Spanish-English bilinguals and 23 English monolinguals completed a non-linguistic Stroop task (indexing inhibitory control) and a linguistic priming/lexical decision task (indexing Spanish phonotactic constraint competition during English comprehension). More efficient Stroop performance (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2017.1321553DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5649739PMC
May 2017
6 Reads

Sequential learning in individuals with agrammatic aphasia: evidence from artificial grammar learning.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2017 17;29(5):521-534. Epub 2017 Feb 17.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA.

We examined sequential learning in individuals with agrammatic aphasia ( = 12) and healthy age-matched participants ( = 12) using an artificial grammar. Artificial grammar acquisition, 24-hour retention, and the potential benefits of additional training were examined by administering an artificial grammar judgment test (1) immediately following auditory exposure-based training, (2) one day after training, and (3) after a second training session on the second day. An untrained control group ( = 12 healthy age-matched participants) completed the tests on the same time schedule. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2017.1293065DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5499680PMC
February 2017
26 Reads

Congruency effects in dot comparison tasks: convex hull is more important than dot area.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2016 Nov 31;28(8):923-931. Epub 2016 Aug 31.

Mathematics Education Centre, Loughborough University , Loughborough , UK.

The dot comparison task, in which participants select the more numerous of two dot arrays, has become the predominant method of assessing Approximate Number System (ANS) acuity. Creation of the dot arrays requires the manipulation of visual characteristics, such as dot size and convex hull. For the task to provide a valid measure of ANS acuity, participants must ignore these characteristics and respond on the basis of number. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2016.1221828DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5213839PMC
November 2016
5 Reads

Children view own-age faces qualitatively differently to other-age faces.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2016 Jul 29;28(5):601-610. Epub 2016 Mar 29.

Department of Psychology, Anglia Ruskin University , Cambridge , UK.

Like most own-group biases in face recognition, the own-age bias (OAB) is thought to be based either on perceptual expertise or socio-cognitive motivational mechanisms [Wolff, N., Kemter, K., Schweinberger, S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2016.1164710DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4950422PMC
July 2016
9 Reads

Voluntary language switching in English-Spanish bilingual children.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2015 Dec 21;27(8):992-1013. Epub 2015 Aug 21.

University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Although bilingual children frequently switch between languages, the psycholinguistic mechanisms underlying the emerging ability to control language choice are unknown. We examined the mechanisms of voluntary language switching in English-Spanish bilingual children during a picture-naming task under two conditions: 1) single-language naming in English and in Spanish; 2) either-language naming, when the children could use whichever language they wanted. The mechanism of inhibitory control was examined by analyzing local and global . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2015.1074242DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4753071PMC
December 2015
6 Reads

Action starring narratives and events: Structure and inference in visual narrative comprehension.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2015;27(7):812-828. Epub 2015 Jul 14.

Department of Linguistics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.

Studies of discourse have long placed focus on the inference generated by information that is not overtly expressed, and theories of visual narrative comprehension similarly focused on the inference generated between juxtaposed panels. Within the visual language of comics, star-shaped "flashes" commonly signify impacts, but can be enlarged to the size of a whole panel that can omit all other representational information. These "action star" panels depict a narrative culmination (a "Peak"), but have content which readers must infer, thereby posing a challenge to theories of inference generation in visual narratives that focus only on the semantic changes between juxtaposed images. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2015.1051535DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4689435PMC
July 2015
5 Reads

Factors and processes in children's transitive deductions.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2015 Nov 17;27(8):967-978. Epub 2015 Aug 17.

Division of Psychology, Brunel University London , Uxbridge UB8 3PH , UK.

Transitive tasks are important for understanding how children develop socio-cognitively. However, developmental research has been restricted largely to questions surrounding maturation. We asked 6-, 7- and 8-year-olds ( = 117) to solve a composite of five different transitive tasks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2015.1063641DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4642181PMC
November 2015
8 Reads

Working memory, reading ability and the effects of distance and typicality on anaphor resolution in children.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2015 Jul;27(5):622-639

Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford , South Parks Road, Oxford , OX1 3UD , UK.

We investigated the time course of anaphor resolution in children and whether this is modulated by individual differences in working memory and reading skill. The eye movements of 30 children (10-11 years) were monitored as they read short paragraphs in which (1) the semantic typicality of an antecedent and (2) its distance in relation to an anaphor were orthogonally manipulated. Children showed effects of distance and typicality on the anaphor itself and also on the word to the right of the anaphor, suggesting that anaphoric processing begins immediately but continues after the eyes have left the anaphor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2015.1005095DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4487586PMC
July 2015
8 Reads

An incremental boundary study on parafoveal preprocessing in children reading aloud: Parafoveal masks overestimate the preview benefit.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2015 Jul;27(5):549-561

Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Salzburg , Salzburg , Austria.

Parafoveal preprocessing is an important factor for efficient reading and, in eye-movement studies, is typically investigated by means of parafoveal masking: Valid previews are compared to instances in which masks prevent preprocessing. A long-held assumption was that parafoveal preprocessing, as assessed by this technique, only reflects facilitation (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2015.1008494DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4487581PMC
July 2015
31 Reads

An Analysis of Reading Skill Development using E-Z Reader.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2015;27(5):357-373. Epub 2015 Apr 9.

GIPSA-lab, University of Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France.

Previously reported simulations using the E-Z Reader model of eye-movement control suggest that the patterns of eye movements observed with children versus adult readers reflect differences in lexical processing proficiency (Reichle et al., 2013). However, these simulations fail to specify precisely what aspect(s) of lexical processing (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2015.1024255DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4852752PMC
April 2015
45 Reads

How retellings shape younger and older adults' memories.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2014 Apr;26(3):263-279

Davis School of Gerontology, University of Southern California, 3715 McClintock Avenue, Los Angeles, CA, 90089-0191.

The way a story is retold influences the way it is later remembered; after retelling an event in a biased manner people subsequently remember the event in line with their distorted retelling. This study tested the hypothesis that this should be especially true for older adults. To test this, older and younger adults retold a story to be entertaining, to be accurate, or did not complete an initial retelling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2014.892494DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4243986PMC
April 2014
12 Reads

On the time-course of adjacent and non-adjacent transposed-letter priming.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2014 Aug;26(5):491-505

CNRS and Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France.

We compared effects of adjacent (e.g., atricle-ARTICLE) and non-adjacent (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2014.922092DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4214856PMC
August 2014
6 Reads

No evidence for reduced Simon cost in elderly bilinguals and bidialectals.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2014 Aug 26;26(6):640-648. Epub 2014 Jun 26.

Division of Psychology, Abertay University , Bell Street, Dundee DD1 1HG , UK.

We explored whether a bilingual advantage in executive control is associated with differences in cultural and ethnic background associated with the bilinguals' immigrant status, and whether dialect use in monolinguals can also incur such an advantage. Performance on the Simon task in older non-immigrant (Gaelic-English) and immigrant (Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Malay, Punjabi, Urdu-English) bilinguals was compared with three groups of older monolingual English speakers, who were either monodialectal users of the same English variety as the bilinguals or were bidialectal users of a local variety of Scots. Results showed no group differences in overall reaction times as well as in the Simon effect thus providing no evidence that an executive control advantage is related to differences in cultural and ethnic background as was found for immigrant compared to non-immigrant bilinguals, nor that executive control may be improved by use of dialect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2014.929580DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4164011PMC
August 2014
50 Reads

Language control in bilinguals: The adaptive control hypothesis.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2013 Aug;25(5):515-530

Faculty of Psychology, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University and San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy ; Division of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Speech comprehension and production are governed by control processes. We explore their nature and dynamics in bilingual speakers with a focus on speech production. Prior research indicates that individuals increase cognitive control in order to achieve a desired goal. Read More

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http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/20445911.2013.796
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2013.796377DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4095950PMC
August 2013
17 Reads

The elusive link between language control and executive control: A case of limited transfer.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2013 Aug;25(5):622-645

Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego.

We investigated the relationship between language control and executive control by testing three groups of bilinguals (104 participants) and 54 monolinguals in a training and transfer paradigm. Participants practiced either a language or a non-linguistic color/shape switching task and were tested one week later on both tasks. The color-shape task produced significant immediate improvement with training, which was maintained a week later, but exhibited no cross-task transfer effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2013.821993DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3968805PMC
August 2013
8 Reads

Examining Eye Movements in Visual Search through Clusters of Objects in a Circular Array.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2014 ;26(1):1-14

University of Southampton.

Participants were asked to search for a complete in an array consisting of eight clusters of four Landolt s (i.e., s with a gap) arranged in a ring. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2013.865630DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3919660PMC
January 2014
4 Reads

Parallel language activation and cognitive control during spoken word recognition in bilinguals.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2013 ;25(5)

San Diego State University.

Accounts of bilingual cognitive advantages suggest an associative link between cross-linguistic competition and inhibitory control. We investigate this link by examining English-Spanish bilinguals' parallel language activation during auditory word recognition and nonlinguistic Stroop performance. Thirty-one English-Spanish bilinguals and 30 English monolinguals participated in an eye-tracking study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2013.812093DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3827904PMC
January 2013
5 Reads

Understanding the Consequences of Bilingualism for Language Processing and Cognition.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2013 ;25(5)

The Pennsylvania State University.

Contemporary research on bilingualism has been framed by two major discoveries. In the realm of language processing, studies of comprehension and production show that bilinguals activate information about both languages when using one language alone. Parallel activation of the two languages has been demonstrated for highly proficient bilinguals as well as second language learners and appears to be present even when distinct properties of the languages themselves might be sufficient to bias attention towards the language in use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2013.799170DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3820916PMC
January 2013
10 Reads

Predicting performance on the Raven's Matrices: The roles of associative learning and retrieval efficiency.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2013 Jan;25(6)

Washington University in St. Louis.

Previous studies have shown that performance on Williams and Pearlberg's (2006) complex associative learning task is a good predictor of fluid intelligence. This task is similar in structure to that used in studying the fan effect (Anderson, 1974), as both tasks involve forming multiple associations and require retrieval in the face of interference. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relations among complex associative learning, working memory, and fluid intelligence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2013.791299DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3811950PMC
January 2013
11 Reads

Eye Movements while Reading Biased Homographs: Effects of Prior Encounter and Biasing Context on Reducing the Subordinate Bias Effect.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2013 Jan;25(6):665-681

University of California, San Diego.

Readers experience processing difficulties when reading biased homographs preceded by subordinate-biasing contexts. Attempts to overcome this processing deficit have often failed to reduce the subordinate bias effect (SBE). In the present studies, we examined the processing of biased homographs preceded by single-sentence, subordinate-biasing contexts, and varied whether this preceding context contained a prior instance of the homograph or a control word/phrase. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2013.806513DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3780419PMC
January 2013
7 Reads

Bilingualism is not a categorical variable: Interaction between language proficiency and usage.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2013 Jan;25(5):605-621

Harvard Graduate School of Education.

Bilingual experience is dynamic and poses a challenge for researchers to develop instruments that capture its relevant dimensions. The present study examined responses from a questionnaire administered to 110 heterogeneous bilingual young adults. These questions concern participants' language use, acquisition history and self-reported proficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2013.795574DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3780436PMC
January 2013
11 Reads

Two Modality Effects in Verbal Short-Term Memory: Evidence from Sentence Recall.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2013 May;25(3):231-247

University of Erfurt.

This paper investigates the mechanisms underlying the standard modality effect (i.e., better recall performance for auditorily presented than for visually presented materials), and the modality congruency effect (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2013.769953DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3719873PMC
May 2013
9 Reads

Effects of changes in narrative time on eye movements and recognition responses.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2013 May;25(3):283-298

Hofstra University.

In two experiments we examined how temporal aspects of narrative events influence comprehension. In Experiment 1 participants read paragraphs in which a critical event was followed by a phrase that signaled a time shift ( versus ). Consistent with earlier findings (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2013.768232DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3698862PMC
May 2013
6 Reads

The Collaborative Encoding Deficit is Attenuated with Specific Warnings.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2012 11;24(8):929-941. Epub 2012 Sep 11.

Davis School of Gerontology, University of Southern California.

Individuals learning together do so less effectively than individuals learning alone, an effect known as the collaborative encoding deficit (Barber, Rajaram, & Aron, 2010). In the present studies we examined whether providing participants with a warning about the collaborative encoding deficit would increase their encoding task performance, and reduce subsequent memory deficits. Across two experiments, specific warnings were beneficial for memory. Read More

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http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/20445911.2012.717
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2012.717924DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3537489PMC
September 2012
9 Reads

A Bilingual Advantage for Episodic Memory in Older Adults.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2012 Aug 13;24(5):591-601. Epub 2012 Jun 13.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University.

The ability to remember events - referred to as episodic memory - is typically subject to decline in older adulthood. Episodic memory decline has been attributed in part to less successful executive functioning, which may hinder an older adult's ability to implement controlled encoding and retrieval processes. Since bilingual older adults often show more successful executive functioning than monolinguals, they may be better able to maintain episodic memory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2012.669367DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3501256PMC
August 2012
5 Reads

TRANSPOSED LETTER EFFECTS IN PREFIXED WORDS: IMPLICATIONS FOR MORPHOLOGICAL DECOMPOSITION.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2012 8;24(4):476-495. Epub 2012 Jun 8.

University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

A crucial issue in word encoding is whether morphemes are involved in early stages. One paradigm that tests for this employs the transposed letter (TL) effect - the difference in the times to process a word (misfile) when it is preceded by a TL prime (mifsile) and when it is preceded by a substitute letter (SL) prime (mintile) - and examines whether the TL effect is smaller when the two adjacent letters cross a morpheme boundary. The evidence from prior studies is not consistent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2012.658037DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3471662PMC
June 2012
4 Reads

Lexical embeddings produce interference when they are morphologically unrelated to the words in which they are contained: Evidence from eye movements.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2012 20;24(2):179-188. Epub 2011 Oct 20.

Hofstra University.

Many words in the English language contain semantically and morphologically unrelated smaller words (e.g., room in groom). Read More

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http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/20445911.2011.604
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2011.604028DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3418321PMC
October 2011
12 Reads

Processing Novel and Lexicalized Finnish Compound Words.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2011 Nov 4;23(7):795-810. Epub 2011 Nov 4.

Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, 413 549-0612.

Participants read sentences in which novel and lexicalized two-constituent compound words appeared while their eye movements were measured. The frequency of the first constituent of the compounds was also varied factorially and the frequency of the lexicalized compounds was equated over the two conditions. The sentence frames prior to the target word were matched across conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2011.570257DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3327474PMC
November 2011
8 Reads

Neural correlates of emotion-cognition interactions: A review of evidence from brain imaging investigations.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2011 Sep 22;23(6):669-694. Epub 2011 Sep 22.

Psychology Department, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA.

Complex dynamic behaviour involves reciprocal influences between emotion and cognition. On the one hand, emotion is a "double-edged sword" that may affect various aspects of our cognition and behaviour, by enhancing or hindering them and exerting both transient and long-term influences. On the other hand, emotion processing is also susceptible to cognitive influences, typically exerted in the form of emotion regulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2011.594433DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3206704PMC
September 2011
63 Reads

Trustworthiness and Negative Affect Predict Economic Decision-Making.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2011 Sep 26;23(6):748-759. Epub 2011 Jul 26.

Department of Neurology, Division of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Iowa College of Medicine ; Counseling Psychology Program, Department of Psychological and Quantitative Foundations, University of Iowa College of Education.

The Ultimatum Game (UG) is a widely used and well-studied laboratory model of economic decision-making. Here, we studied 129 healthy adults and compared demographic (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2011.575773DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3594810PMC
September 2011
11 Reads
3 Citations

Three layers of working memory: Focus-switch costs and retrieval dynamics as revealed by the -count task.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2011;23(2):204-219

Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Two experiments explored the process of switching items in and out of the focus of attention using a new paradigm, the count task (adapted from Garavan, 1998; varied from 1 to 4). This task yielded a focus size of one, indicated by a substantial focus switch cost for 2 count. Additionally, the focus switch costs in response time increased with working memory load, indicating an effortful search process occurring at a speed of about 240 ms/item. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2011.481621DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4375963PMC
January 2011
19 Reads

White matter integrity, as measured by diffusion tensor imaging, distinguishes between impaired and unimpaired older adult decision-makers: A preliminary investigation.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2011 ;23(6):760-767

Department of Neurology, Division of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, USA.

In the context of normal ageing, some individuals experience cognitive changes that affect their decision-making abilities. We investigated whether such cognitive changes could be related to the integrity of cortical white matter, as measured by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Participants were administered a well-validated laboratory decision-making task, and were subsequently grouped as either poor decision-makers (older-impaired, = 9) or strong decision-makers (older-unimpaired, = 7). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2011.578065DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4070596PMC
January 2011
10 Reads

The nature of categorical and coordinate spatial relation processing: An interference study.

J Cogn Psychol (Hove) 2011 6;23(8):922-930. Epub 2011 Oct 6.

Helmholtz Institute, Experimental Psychology, Utrecht University, the Netherlands.

Spatial relation information can be encoded in two different ways: categorically, which is abstract, and coordinately, which is metric. Although categorical and coordinate spatial relation processing is commonly conceived as relying on spatial representations and spatial cognitive processes, some suggest that representations and cognitive processes involved in categorical spatial relation processing can be verbal as well as spatial. We assessed the extent to which categorical and coordinate spatial relation processing engages verbal and spatial representations and processes using a dual-task paradigm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2011.586780DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3419919PMC
October 2011
5 Reads
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