2,704 results match your criteria Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology[Journal]


Validity of an eyetracking method for capturing auditory-visual cross-format semantic priming.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 6:1-21. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

b Springfield College , Springfield, Massachusetts , MA , USA.

Introduction: Semantic priming paradigms are important for understanding lexical-semantic processing and the nature of linguistic deficits accompanying language performance in neurologically impaired individuals such as people with aphasia. Reaction-time-(RT)-based traditional semantic priming tasks entail potential confounds, especially problematic when applied to people with aphasia, who may have concomitant neurocognitive challenges that limit task performance. Some of these confounds include requirements of following complex instructions, making metalinguistic judgments, and using speech or limb-based motor actions to indicate overt responses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2019.1567692DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Visuospatial neglect is more severe when stimulus density is large.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 6:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

a Experimental Psychology, Helmholtz Institute , Utrecht University , Utrecht , the Netherlands.

Patients with visuospatial neglect (VSN) suffer from an imbalance in visual attention between their left and right (egocentric or allocentric) hemispace. The view of VSN as an attentional imbalance between two hemispaces ignores the fact that-in our daily life-we are presented with varying levels of stimulus density, within but also across hemispaces. Therefore, we developed a novel experimental paradigm in which stroke patients (n = 207) were presented with a different number of simple objects in the left and right (egocentric) hemispaces and were asked to indicate whether there were more objects in the left or the right hemispace. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2019.1566444DOI Listing
February 2019

Regression-based formulas for predicting change in memory test scores in healthy older adults: Comparing use of raw versus standardized scores.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 5:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

a Neuropsychology , Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health , Las Vegas , NV , USA.

Introduction: Standardized regression based (SRB) methods can be used to determine whether meaningful changes in performance on cognitive assessments occur over time. Both raw and standardized scores have been used in SRB models but it is unclear which score metric is most appropriate for predicting follow-up performance. The aim of the present study was to examine differences in SRB prediction formulas using raw versus standard scores on two memory tests commonly used in assessment of older adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2019.1571169DOI Listing
February 2019

A novel unstructured performance-based task of executive function in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 4:1-15. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

a Psychology , York University , Toronto , ON , Canada.

Objective: Executive functions (EFs) have been assessed with performance-based measures and rating scales. Research has shown a lack of association between these two methods. One factor that might contribute to this difference is the structure provided on performance-based measures that is not provided on rating scales. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2019.1567694DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Cognitive deficits in progressive supranuclear palsy on the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 4:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

b Memory and Aging Center, Department of Neurology , University of California , San Francisco , CA, USA.

Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is associated with a variety of cognitive deficits, as well as motor and psychiatric disturbances. As clinical trials for PSP evolve, briefer screening instruments will be needed to determine cognitive effects of interventions. The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) may fill this gap. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2019.1572073DOI Listing
February 2019

Neurobehavioral symptom validity in U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) mild traumatic brain injury evaluations.

Authors:
Lee Ashendorf

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 4:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

a Department of Psychiatry , University of Massachusetts Medical School , Worcester , MA , USA.

Introduction: The use of the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (NSI) by U.S. Department of Defense and Veterans Affairs (VA) providers for all mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) evaluations led to the development of methods to screen for symptom exaggeration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2019.1567693DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Impact of perceived stress on cognitive performance: Moderating effect of mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 29:1-16. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

c Laboratory Epsylon EA 4556 , Université of Montpellier and University Paul Valéry , Montpellier , France.

Introduction: Stress is a well-known determinant of cognitive performance in both younger and older adults. However, the moderating effect of pathological aging on this relationship remains insufficiently documented. We hypothesize that mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients will report higher perceived stress than control older adults, when asked to complete an effortful cognitive task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1564250DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Coping style as a protective factor for emotional consequences of structural neuropathology in multiple sclerosis.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 24:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

b Department of Psychology , Pennsylvania State University , University Park , PA , USA.

Introduction: In people with multiple sclerosis (MS), depression symptoms could be a direct consequence of neuropathological processes or a secondary consequence of coping with debilitating illness. We investigated the interaction of white matter structure and patient coping style in predicting positive and negative emotion symptoms of depression.

Method: Participants completed a neuropsychological battery, including the Chicago Multiscale Depression Inventory (CMDI) and a measure of coping strategies that has Active Coping (more adaptive) and Avoidant Coping (less adaptive) scales. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13803395.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2019.1566443DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Validity of the Verbal Concept Attainment Test in multiple sclerosis.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 14:1-10. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

d Department of Psychiatry , The Ohio State University , Columbus, OH.

Objective: As many as 70% of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) have clinically significant cognitive impairment, and most of these individuals exhibit executive dysfunction. Most research concerning executive dysfunction in MS has focused upon nonverbal measures. The Verbal Concept Attainment Test (VCAT) has demonstrated construct validity as an executive function measure in people infected with HIV and in people with focal brain lesions, but its validity among people with MS is unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1562048DOI Listing
January 2019

Emotion and decision-making: Induced mood influences IGT scores and deck selection strategies.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 11:1-12. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

a Department of Psychology , University of Massachusetts Boston , Boston , MA , USA.

The somatic marker hypothesis (SMH) represents a rich neuropsychological framework to study emotion-based decision-making. It originates from early brain lesion studies using the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), which showed that adaptive decision-making relies on intact ventromedial prefrontal cortex for the integration of so-called "hot" affective signals and rational "cold" perceptual cognitive computations. Subsequent studies over the past 20 years have provided converging evidence for the reliability and validity of the IGT in assessing decision-making in both healthy and clinical samples, although some discrepancies remain. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13803395.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1562049DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Alzheimer's disease and the processing of uncertainty during choice task performance: Executive dysfunction within the Hick-Hyman law.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 11:1-10. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

b Department of Cognitive, Linguistic, and Psychological Sciences , Brown University , Providence , RI , USA.

The Hick-Hyman law states that choice response time (RT) increases linearly with increasing information uncertainty. Neuroimaging studies suggest that the representation of uncertainty in support of response generation is mediated by the cognitive control network (CCN), which is disrupted in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thus, we predicted that patients with AD would be sensitive to increased uncertainty particularly under conditions that place demands on the internal representation of uncertainty, and that choice RT performance under these conditions would be associated with performance on tests of executive function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1564813DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Selection for sentence generation in the context of severe anomia: A case series of left temporal patients.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 4:1-11. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

a Neuropsychology Research Unit, School of Psychology , The University of Queensland , Brisbane , QLD , Australia.

Introduction: Anomia is an impairment of naming: the retrieval of specific lexical items from the mental lexicon. Theoretically, whether anomia reflects a failure of selection at the preverbal "idea" level or at the subsequent linguistic formulation stage remains a topic of debate. We investigated the preverbal mechanism of idea selection for sentence generation, which requires the selection of a proposition from among competing alternatives during message formulation, in patients with severe anomia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1562050DOI Listing
January 2019

Characterization of inhibitory failure in Multiple Sclerosis: Evidence of impaired conflict resolution.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 10:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

a School of Psychological Sciences and Monash Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neurosciences , Monash University , Clayton , Victoria , Australia.

Introduction: Inhibitory control deficits are frequently reported in Multiple Sclerosis (MS), although it is unclear whether these deficits represent a global or process-specific failure. Notably, most models of inhibitory control recognize at least two dissociable processes, the most consistent being: (a) the inhibition of a dominant response: response suppression, and (b) the inhibition of a dominant response and initiation of a nondominant response: executive control. This study aimed to ascertain the processes underlying inhibitory failure in MS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1552756DOI Listing
December 2018

Risky sexual behavior among adolescents: The role of decision-making, problems from cannabis use and externalizing disorder symptoms.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 6:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

b Center for Children and Families , Florida International University , Miami , FL, USA.

Introduction: Previous research has demonstrated that externalizing symptoms, cannabis use problems, and poor decision-making abilities are each independently related to risky sexual behavior (RSB). However, few studies have examined the joint effect of these factors on RSB among a sample of adolescents.

Methods: The current study addresses this gap in the literature by examining how externalizing disorder symptoms, cannabis use, and decision-making abilities interact to predict RSB among a sample of adolescents (n = 204; M = 15. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13803395.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1550192DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Financial incentives influence ImPACT validity indices but not cognitive composite scores.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 5:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

c Department of Psychology , Penn State University , University Park , PA , USA.

Introduction: Interpreting change in cognitive performance across baseline and post-concussion evaluations is complicated by poor understanding of how incentives, such as return-to-play, may impact performance. This study examines the influence of an anticipated financial incentive on two sets of outcomes from the ImPACT computerized battery: (a) cognitive composites, meant to serve as measures of cognitive function, and (b) validity indices, proposed as indicators of invalid performance.

Method: 81 uninjured college students, randomized into two groups, completed a concussion assessment battery including ImPACT. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13803395.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1551519DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Cognitive impairment following chemotherapy for breast cancer: The impact of practice effect on results.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 26:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

d Department of Oncology , Consorci Sanitari de Terrassa (CST), Terrassa , Barcelona , Spain.

Chemotherapy-Related Cognitive Impairment (CRCI) can be an adverse effect in women treated for breast cancer. Some longitudinal studies reported deficits in attention, memory, and executive function following treatment, but other studies did not find cognitive changes. It is known that practice effects (PE) on repeated assessments with cognitive tests contribute to the discrepancies in these results, but its influence on scores has not been systematically explored. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1546381DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Multiple object tracking and pupillometry reveal deficits in both selective and intensive attention in unilateral spatial neglect.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 14:1-20. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

b Department of Psychology , University of Oslo , Oslo , Norway.

Introduction: Unilateral spatial neglect is typically associated with a spatial attention deficit, as neglect patients fail to respond to objects in their contralesional hemispace. However, growing evidence suggests that also nonspatial attention impairments (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1536735DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Does stroke impair academic achievement in children? The role of metacognition in math and spelling outcomes following pediatric stroke.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Oct 23:1-13. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

a Department of Psychology , York University , Toronto , ON , Canada.

Introduction: Current research suggests that pediatric stroke is associated with a reduction in intellectual functioning. However, less is known about academic achievement and the contribution of specific executive functions to math and literacy in this population. The current study investigates behavioral ratings of executive functioning and their relationship to math and spelling performance in children with a history of unilateral arterial ischemic stroke. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1533528DOI Listing
October 2018

Assessment of neuropsychological performance in Mexico City youth using the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB).

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Oct 18:1-11. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

c Subdirección de Investigación en Intervenciones Comunitarias , Instituto Nacional de Perinatología , Mexico City , Mexico.

Background: The Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) is a computerized tool used to measure cognitive function in diverse populations and is sensitive for assessing developmental changes in children. Although CANTAB has been used in several countries, its applicability in a Mexican child population is unknown. This study examined developmental trends on CANTAB in a large sample of urban Mexico City youth and tested the hypothesis that their performance would be similar to a large US normative sample. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13803395.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1529229DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

Five-year change scores in old age for six neuropsychological tests and normative data for the Useful Field of View (UFOV) test: The influence of physical health.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Oct 18:1-17. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

a Function Area Aging Health and Functioning , Karolinska University Hospital , Stockholm , Sweden.

Introduction: Neuropsychological assessment of cognitive change over time is often conducted in clinical settings, but whether neuropsychological change scores are influenced by physical health has, as far as we know, not been examined previously.

Method: In a sample of 153 older Swedish adults (age range, 72-86 years), we evaluated the influence of common age-related diseases, terminal decline pathology, age, education, and gender, to provide (a) preliminary test-specific regression weights and 90% confidence intervals to assess significant change in performance after five years on tests of visual scanning, mental shifting, visual spatial ability, memory, reaction time, and selective attention, and (b) normative data for the Useful Field of View test (UFOV) from a single testing occasion.

Results: Multiple regression analyses showed that test-retest changes were affected by physical health for mental shifting, visual spatial ability, memory, and reaction time, by age for mental shifting and visual reaction time, by education for visual spatial ability, and by Age × Education for auditory reaction time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1527292DOI Listing
October 2018

Repeated computerized cognitive testing: Performance shifts and test-retest reliability in healthy older adults.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Oct 15:1-13. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

a Department of Psychology and Brain Health Research Centre , University of Otago , Dunedin , New Zealand.

Introduction: Repeated cognitive assessment is frequently required to monitor changes in cognitive functioning in older adults, but studies of repeated computerized testing in this population are scarce. To provide new insight into retest effects this study examined within- and between-day performance shifts and test-retest reliability among healthy older adults for test scores from a computerized cognitive battery.

Method: Thirty older men (65-71 years) completed the battery six times. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13803395.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1526888DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Neuropsychological predictors of patient-reported cognitive decline after deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Oct 8:1-10. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

a Department of Neurology , The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine , Baltimore , MD , USA.

Background: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is effective for treatment of motor complications of dopaminergic therapy in Parkinson's disease (PD) but occasionally has been associated with multidomain cognitive decline. Patient- and caregiver-reported cognitive decline are clinically meaningful and increasingly recognized as important to consider when evaluating therapeutic interventions for PD.

Objective: The objective was to assess presurgical neuropsychological and clinical factors associated with PD patient- and caregiver-reported cognitive decline in two or more domains after DBS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1526889DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Face-to-trait inferences in patients with Parkinson's disease.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Sep 10:1-9. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

d Division of Neurology , Jichi Medical University , Tochigi , Japan.

Introduction: Parkinson's disease is a progressive neurological disorder characterized by the preferential loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra, which project to the striatum. The disease is characterized by prominent motor symptoms, which are its cardinal features. Consequently, Parkinson's disease has been primarily considered a disorder of movement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1513452DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

False memories in patients with mild cognitive impairment and mild Alzheimer's disease dementia: Can cognitive strategies help?

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Sep 4:1-15. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

a Center for Translational Cognitive Neuroscience , VA Boston Healthcare System , Boston , MA , USA.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that presents predominantly with impairments in learning and memory. Patients with AD are also susceptible to false memories, a clinically relevant memory distortion where a patient remembers an incorrect memory that they believe to be true. The use of cognitive strategies to improve memory performance among patients with AD by reducing false memories has taken on added importance given the lack of disease-modifying agents for AD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1513453DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Explicit and implicit memory for music in healthy older adults and patients with mild Alzheimer's disease.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Sep 3:1-12. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

b Center for Translational Cognitive Neuroscience , VA Boston Healthcare System , Boston , MA , USA.

Introduction: Previous studies have found that music paired with lyrics at encoding may improve the memory performance of patients with mild Alzheimer's disease (AD). To further explore memory for different types of musical stimuli, the current study examined both implicit and explicit memory for music with and without lyrics compared to spoken lyrics.

Method: In this mixed design, patients with probable mild AD (n = 15) and healthy older adults (n = 13) listened to auditory clips (song, instrumental, or spoken lyrics varied across three sessions) and then had their memory tested. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1510904DOI Listing
September 2018

Perceptions of the cognitive effects of cannabis use: A survey of neuropsychologists' beliefs.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Aug 20:1-14. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

a Department of Psychology , Palo Alto University , Palo Alto , CA , USA.

Introduction: Research evaluating the neuropsychological effects of cannabis has yielded mixed findings, with some studies finding cognitive deficits in cannabis users (primarily in learning and memory) and others finding no significant effects. It is important to understand how clinicians perceive this discrepancy in the empirical literature. However, no studies have assessed neuropsychologists' beliefs regarding the effects of cannabis on cognitive functioning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1503644DOI Listing
August 2018
19 Reads

Apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 genotype is associated with reduced neuropsychological performance in military veterans with a history of mild traumatic brain injury.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 20;40(10):1050-1061. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

a VA San Diego Healthcare System (VASDHS) , San Diego , CA , USA.

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele on neuropsychological functioning in military Veterans with a remote history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).

Method: This cross-sectional study included 99 Veterans (mTBI = 53; military controls, MC = 46) who underwent neuropsychological assessment and APOE genotyping. Three neurocognitive composite scores-memory (α = . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1508555DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Intraindividual variability in neurocognitive performance: No influence due to HIV status or self-reported effort.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 20;40(10):1044-1049. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

f Departments of Psychiatry, Neurology, and Psychology , University of Pittsburgh , Pittsburgh , PA , USA.

Introduction: HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) are estimated to affect approximately 50% of infected individuals at any one time. Dispersion, a type of intraindividual variability in neurocognitive test performance, has been identified as a potential behavioral marker of HAND; however, the specificity of dispersion to HAND and how it is influenced by participant effort when taking neurocognitive tests remain unclear.

Method: Data were analyzed from 996 (474 HIV-, 522 HIV+) men enrolled in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1508554DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294568PMC
December 2018
10 Reads

Exaggerated reaction to novelty as a predictor of incipient cognitive decline among community-dwelling older adults.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 16;40(10):987-999. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

a Department of Psychology , University of Utah , Salt Lake City , UT , USA.

Objective: The ability to detect covert markers of incipient cognitive decline among older adults before cognitive decline becomes overtly evident on traditional cognitive tests represents an important topic of research. Exaggerated reactions to novelty, reflected in novelty-induced increases in action planning latencies ("novelty effect"; NE) and low openness to experience (openness), have been previously associated with incipient cognitive decline among older adults who appeared cognitively normal at baseline. The purposes of the present study were to extend prior research on the utility of these markers by examining whether (a) NE and openness each predict cognitive change uniquely, and (b) whether these indices predict cognitive change above and beyond measures of memory, executive functions, processing speed/efficiency, premorbid IQ, and depressive symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1457627DOI Listing
December 2018
16 Reads

Greater naturally occurring expressive suppression is associated with poorer executive functioning and motor-sequence learning among older adults.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Aug 13:1-15. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

a Department of Psychology , University of Utah , Salt Lake City , UT , USA.

Objectives: Unusually high engagement in expressive suppression (i.e., purposeful regulation of overt affect) has been associated with poorer performance on executive functioning (EF) and motor-sequence learning tasks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1502257DOI Listing

Parent depressive symptoms and offspring executive functioning.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Aug 13:1-11. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

a Department of Psychology , Idaho State University , Pocatello , ID , USA.

Introduction: Previous research has found mixed results when assessing the association between a parent's history of depressive symptoms and a child's abilities on measures of executive functioning. The purpose of this study was to replicate and expand upon these findings by evaluating the influence of a parent's depressive symptoms on a young person's executive functioning.

Method: As part of a larger study, 135 children (54. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13803395.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1504893DOI Listing
August 2018
10 Reads

Facial expression recognition in Alzheimer's disease: A systematic review.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Aug 8:1-12. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

a Center for Alzheimer's Disease , Institute of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro , Rio de Janeiro , Brazil.

Introduction: It is well established that behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia can impair social and emotional function. However, there is no consensus regarding how Alzheimer's disease can affect facial expression recognition. We aim to systematically review all the literature addressing this issue over the last 10 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1501001DOI Listing

Motor imagery in chronic neglect: An fMRI pilot study.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 6;41(1):58-68. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

d Department of Neurology , University of Heidelberg , Heidelberg , Germany.

Aim: Previous studies indicate the effectiveness of motor imagery training in stroke patients. To determine whether patients showing chronic visuospatial neglect symptoms may profit from motor imagery training, it is important to assess how the brain implements motor imagery when cortical systems involved in attentional control are impaired.

Method: Therefore, in this pilot study, nine chronic neglect patients with right-hemispheric stroke performed motor imagery of a finger opposition task during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1500527DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

The origin of the centrality deficit in individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 1;41(1):69-86. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

a School of Education , Bar Ilan University , Ramat-Gan , Israel.

Introduction: Studies have shown that skilled and disabled readers recall central ideas, which are important to the overall comprehension of the text, to a greater extent than peripheral, less important ideas after reading. However, readers with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) recall significantly fewer central ideas than skilled readers. The present study was designed to examine whether difficulties in identifying, attending, and/or retrieving central ideas underlie their centrality deficit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1501000DOI Listing
February 2019
13 Reads

Monitoring cognition during awake brain surgery in adults: A systematic review.

Authors:
Carla Ruis

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 1;40(10):1081-1104. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

a Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery , University Medical Center Utrecht , Utrecht , The Netherlands.

Introduction: Historically, most studies about awake brain surgery have focused on language or motor functions. More recently, other cognitive functions have also been assessed. However, a clear overview of the neuropsychological tests or test paradigms that are used during such procedures is missing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1469602DOI Listing
December 2018

Comparing the effect of the subcategories of atypical antipsychotic medications on cognition in schizophrenia using a meta-analytic approach.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 20;41(1):26-42. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

a School of Psychology and Public Health , La Trobe University , Bundoora , VIC , Australia.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the two most commonly prescribed classes of atypical antipsychotic medications (i.e., -pines and -dones) with regard to their effects on cognition in patients with schizophrenia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1488952DOI Listing
February 2019

Improved conceptual generation and selection with transcranial direct current stimulation in older adults.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 17;41(1):43-57. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

a Neuropsychology Research Unit, School of Psychology , The University of Queensland , St. Lucia, Brisbane , QLD , Australia.

Introduction: Normal aging is associated with deficits in various aspects of spoken language production, including idea generation and selection, and involves activity in frontal brain areas including left inferior frontal cortex (LIFG). These conceptual preparation processes, largely involving executive control, precede formulation and articulation stages and are critical for language production. Noninvasive brain stimulation (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1491529DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Prospective evaluation of first and last memory reports following moderate to severe traumatic brain injury.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 9;41(2):109-117. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

a Monash Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neurosciences, School of Psychological Sciences , Monash University , Clayton , VIC , Australia.

Prospective monitoring of posttraumatic amnesia (PTA) status is recommended following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Use of patients' subjective reports is, however, still common and necessary in some circumstances. It is therefore important to understand how patients' self-reported first memories relate to prospective measures and how reliable these reports remain over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1490392DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Computerized testing in Parkinson's disease: Performance deficits in relation to standard clinical measures.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 6;40(10):1062-1073. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

a Department of Psychology and Brain Health Research Centre , University of Otago , Dunedin , New Zealand.

Objective: This study assessed deficits associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) at two time points separated by 1 year using a computerized neuropsychological battery, and determined interrelationships with conventional clinical measures of cognitive functioning (Montreal Cognitive Assessment; MoCA) and motor impairment (Part III of the Unified PD Rating Scale; UPDRS), as well as other factors known to influence cognitive dysfunction in PD.

Method: Participants included 37 with PD and 47 controls. Linear mixed-effects models were developed for each computerized task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1485880DOI Listing
December 2018
12 Reads

Memory and affective changes during the antepartum: A narrative review and integrative hypothesis.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 5;41(1):87-107. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

a Department of Psychology , University of Western Ontario , London , ON , Canada.

Introduction And Objectives: Many women report diminished memory function during the second or third trimesters of pregnancy, but objective neuropsychological tests often fail to show any decrement in performance. The present paper systematically reviews published studies that have investigated this phenomenon over the past 25 years and considers newer studies showing that affective changes occur during gestation in a subset of pregnant women.

Method: A systematic search was conducted to identify articles relevant to pregnancy and memory function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1485881DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads
2.160 Impact Factor

The role of metabolic syndrome factors on cognition using latent variable modeling: The neurocognitive study on aging.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 28;40(10):1030-1043. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

c Department of Psychology , University of Cyprus , Nicosia , Cyprus.

Objective: Although metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been shown to increase the risk of cognitive decline, it still remains unclear whether the risk is related to MetS as a whole or its individual factors. The aim of the present study was to explore whether MetS or its individual factors are associated with a lower cognitive function in older adults in a Mediterranean population using latent variable modeling.

Method: Neurocognitive data from 640 Greek-Cypriot community dwellers (female 59. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1483487DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Reexamining performance validity cutoffs within the Complex Ideational Material and the Boston Naming Test-Short Form using an experimental malingering paradigm.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 26;41(1):15-25. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

a Department of Psychology , University of Windsor , Windsor , ON , Canada.

Objective: This study was designed to cross-validate previously published performance validity cutoffs embedded within the Complex Ideational Material (CIM) and the Boston Naming Test-Short Form (BNT-15).

Method: Seventy healthy undergraduate students were randomly assigned to either a control condition (n = 40) and instructed to perform to the best of their ability or an experimental malingering (n = 30) condition and instructed to feign cognitive impairment while avoiding detection. All participants were administered the same battery of neuropsychological tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1483488DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Nature of motor impairments in autism spectrum disorder: A comparison with developmental coordination disorder.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 20;41(1):1-14. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

a Faculty of Medicine , University of Paris Descartes , Sorbonne Paris Cité , Paris , France.

Introduction: Several authors have suggested the existence of motor disorders associated with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, there are few comparative studies of psychomotor profiles that include assessments of neurological soft signs in children with ASD or DCD. We used a neuropsychomotor assessment for children with ASD from a standardized neurodevelopmental examination to understand the nature of the difficulties these children encounter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1483486DOI Listing
February 2019
11 Reads

Assessing workload in neuropsychology: An illustration with the Tower of Hanoi test.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 30;40(10):1022-1029. Epub 2018 May 30.

b Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences , The David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California , Los Angeles , CA , USA.

Workload is a common and useful construct in human factors research that has been largely overlooked in other areas of psychology, including neuropsychology, where it could be effectively employed both theoretically and practically. A popular subjective measure of workload, the NASA-Task Load Index (NASA-TLX), is illustrated with a computerized version of the Tower of Hanoi (TOH), a typical neuropsychological test of executive function. Reported workload, especially as an overall measure and also for the Mental Demand and Effort subscales, was greater in the more difficult TOH conditions and was positively correlated with number of moves to complete the TOH as well as completion time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1473343DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Performance validity in older adults: Observed versus predicted false positive rates in relation to number of tests administered.

Authors:
Jeremy J Davis

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 20;40(10):1013-1021. Epub 2018 May 20.

a Division of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation , University of Utah School of Medicine , Salt Lake City , UT , USA.

Introduction: This study examined false positive rates on embedded performance validity tests (PVTs) in older adults grouped by cognitive status.

Method: The research design involved secondary analysis of data from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center database. Participants (N = 22,688) were grouped by cognitive status: normal (n = 10,319), impaired (n = 1,194), amnestic or nonamnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI; n = 5,414), and dementia (n = 5,761). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1472221DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6141322PMC
December 2018

Brain's compensatory response to drug-induced cognitive impairment.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 2;40(10):1000-1012. Epub 2018 May 2.

a J. Crayton Pruitt Family Department of Biomedical Engineering , University of Florida , Gainesville , FL , USA.

Introduction: Topiramate (TPM), a frequently prescribed antiseizure medication, can cause severe cognitive side-effects. Though these side-effects have been studied behaviorally, the underlying neural mechanisms are unknown. In a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study of TPM's impact on cognition, nine healthy volunteers completed three study sessions: a no-drug baseline session and two sessions during which they received either TPM or placebo. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1458822DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6141311PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Effects of concussions on visually guided motor actions: A literature review.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 24;40(10):1074-1080. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

a Department of Kinesiology, Integrative Health Care and Performance , University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee , Milwaukee , WI , USA.

Athletes must be able to successfully navigate the soccer pitch or hockey rink to win the game, requiring maximal cognitive resources to successfully compete. Concussions potentially deplete these resources, and the long-term impact of concussions on an individual's goal-directed visually guided behavior continues to elude the scientific community. While the acute effects on cognition and the motor system have been elucidated elsewhere, long-term effects on performance have been less clear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1458823DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

The influence of rightward and leftward spatial deviations of spatial attention on emotional picture recognition.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 24;40(9):951-962. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

b Department of Neurology , University of Florida College of Medicine , Gainesville , FL , USA.

Objectives: Several studies have reported that positive emotions are primarily mediated by the left hemisphere and negative emotions by the right hemisphere. Since each hemisphere primarily allocates attention toward the contralateral hemispace, we wanted to learn how inducing a spatial attentional orienting bias to right and left egocentric hemispace might influence the recognition and perception of visually presented emotional scenes.

Method: Participants were 42 healthy, right-handed young adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1457138DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Is motor activity during cognitive assessment an indicator for feigned attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults?

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 25;40(10):971-986. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

a Department of Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology , University of Groningen , Groningen , The Netherlands.

Objectives: Several approaches, ranging from self-ratings of symptoms and impairments to objective neuropsychological testing, have been utilized during clinical evaluation in order to assess symptom and performance validity of individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adulthood. Motor activity has not been considered yet in this context, which is surprising given that hyperactivity is a prominent characteristic of ADHD. Hence, the goal of the present study was to explore the incremental value of motor activity when assessing the credibility of individuals with adult ADHD at clinical evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1457139DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Connected speech and language in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease: A review of picture description tasks.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 19;40(9):917-939. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

a Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders , University of Wisconsin-Madison , Madison , WI , USA.

Introduction: The neuropsychological profile of people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia includes a history of decline in memory and other cognitive domains, including language. While language impairments have been well described in AD dementia, language features of MCI are less well understood. Connected speech and language analysis is the study of an individual's spoken discourse, usually elicited by a target stimulus, the results of which can facilitate understanding of how language deficits typical of MCI and AD dementia manifest in everyday communication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2018.1446513DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6198327PMC
November 2018
2 Reads