1,368 results match your criteria Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology[Journal]


Parent-Teen Group versus Dyadic Treatment for Adolescent ADHD: What Works for Whom?

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Apr 16:1-17. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

b Center for Children and Families , Florida International University.

The goal of this study was to evaluate the comparative efficacy of 2 clinic-based psychosocial treatment modalities for adolescent attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and identify characteristics that facilitate patient-modality matching. Culturally diverse adolescents with ADHD (N = 123) were randomized to 1 of 2 versions of a parent-teen psychosocial treatment for ADHD (Supporting Teens' Autonomy Daily [STAND]): (a) group parent and adolescent skills training or (b) dyadic skills training blended with motivational interviewing. Participants were assessed at baseline, posttreatment, and 6-month follow-up on ADHD symptom severity and functional treatment targets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2019.1585257DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Are Sluggish Cognitive Tempo, ADHD, and Oppositional Defiant Disorder Trait- or State-Like Constructs from Prekindergarten to Fourth Grade?

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Apr 15:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

d Department of Psychology and Neuroscience , University of Colorado Boulder.

The objective was to determine the proportion of trait (consistency across occasions) and occasion-specific variance in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT), attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-inattention (IN), ADHD-hyperactivity/impulsivity (HI), and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptom ratings. A single trait factor-multiple state factors model was applied to parent ratings of SCT, ADHD-IN, ADHD-HI, and ODD symptoms for 978 children (50% female) across prekindergarten (M= 4.90 years), kindergarten (M = 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2019.1567348DOI Listing

A Transdiagnostic Examination of Self-Regulation: Comparisons Across Preschoolers with ASD, ADHD, and Typically Developing Children.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Apr 11:1-16. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

a Department of Psychology , Florida International University.

The purpose of the current study was to identify profiles of self-regulation across executive functioning (EF) and emotion regulation (ER) and examine profiles's impact on treatment outcomes. Participants included 100 preschoolers (M = 4.73, 75% Male, 79% Hispanic) including 37 with autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ASD+ADHD), 32 with ADHD-only, and 31 typically developing children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2019.1591280DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Future Directions for Early Childhood Prevention of Mental Disorders: A Road Map to Mental Health, Earlier.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Mar 27:1-16. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

d Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine & Institute for Innovations in Developmental Sciences , Northwestern University and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago.

Mental disorders are the predominant chronic diseases of youth, with substantial life span morbidity and mortality. A wealth of evidence demonstrates that the neurodevelopmental roots of common mental health problems are present in early childhood. Unfortunately, this has not been translated to systematic strategies for improving population-level mental health at this most malleable neurodevelopmental period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1561296DOI Listing

Future Directions for Understanding Adolescent Bipolar Spectrum Disorders: A Reward Hypersensitivity Perspective.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Mar 25:1-15. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

b Department of Psychology , Northwestern University , Evanston.

The idea that bipolar spectrum disorders (BSDs) are characterized by enhanced sensitivity to rewarding stimuli is at the core of the reward hypersensitivity model, one of the most prominent and well-supported theories of BSDs. In this article, we present the reward hypersensitivity model of BSDs, review evidence supporting it, discuss its relevance to explaining why BSDs typically begin and consolidate during the period of adolescence, and consider three major unresolved issues for this model that provide important directions for future research. Finally, we present integrations of the reward hypersensitivity model with circadian rhythm and immune system models that should provide greater understanding of the mechanisms involved in BSDs, and then suggest additional directions for future research deriving from these integrated models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2019.1567347DOI Listing

What Antibullying Program Designs Motivate Student Intervention in Grades 5 to 8?

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Mar 25:1-15. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

f Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence, and Impact , McMaster University.

Educators detect and intervene in a small proportion of bullying incidents. Although students are present when many bullying episodes occur, they are often reluctant to intervene. This study explored attributes of antibullying (AB) programs influencing the decision to intervene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2019.1567344DOI Listing

Gaze-Contingent Music Reward Therapy for Clinically Anxious 7- to 10-Year-Olds: An Open Multiple Baseline Feasibility Study.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Mar 25:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

a School of Psychological Sciences , Tel Aviv University.

This multiple-baseline open pilot trial examined feasibility, compliance, acceptability, and preliminary indices of efficacy of Gaze-Contingent Music Reward Therapy (GC-MRT) for anxious 7- to 10-year-old children. GC-MRT is a novel therapy for anxiety disorders that relies on eye-tracking technology and operant conditioning principles to divert attention toward neutral over threat stimuli, with music serving as a reward. Using a multiple-baseline design, 12 children (M = 8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2019.1573685DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Prospective Relations between Parents' Depressive Symptoms and Children's Attributional Style.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Mar 25:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

a Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University.

Children of parents with depression are at increased risk for developing psychopathology. The purpose of the current longitudinal study was to examine the dynamic relations between parents' depressive symptoms and children's cognitions, specifically their attributions for the causes of life events. Participants were 227 parent-child dyads with one parent (M = 42. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2019.1567346DOI Listing

Not Just for Adults: Using the Triarchic Model of Psychopathy to Inform Developmental Models of Conduct Problems in Adolescence.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Mar 25:1-15. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

e Department of Psychology , Florida State University.

The triarchic model of psychopathy was advanced to reconcile differing historic conceptions of this condition and alternative approaches for assessing it. The current study was undertaken to expand the empirical evidence base for the triarchic model by examining its correlates in adolescents, with measures of particular relevance to developmental theories of antisocial behavior. Self-report scales assessing the triarchic constructs were administered along with measures of conduct problems, callous-unemotional traits, attachment style dimensions, negative emotionality, and hyperactivity/inattention to 608 Italian adolescents (272 girls; M age = 16. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2019.1574228DOI Listing

Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Youth at Risk for Conduct Problems: Future Directions.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Mar 20:1-12. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

a Department of Psychology , The University of Alabama , Tuscaloosa.

This article briefly overviews the history of cognitive behavioral intervention (CBI) for children displaying early signs, or actual diagnoses, of conduct disorders. A series of randomized control trials have identified evidence-based CBI programs for children with these behavior problems at various developmental stages from preschool through adolescence. Although it is critically important for the field to disseminate these existing programs as developed, we argue that it is important to also move beyond the existing evidence-based programs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2019.1567349DOI Listing

Concordance between a U.S. Educational Autism Classification and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Mar 20:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

a Penn Center for Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry , University of Pennsylvania.

States in the United States differ in how they determine special education eligibility for autism services. Few states include an autism-specific diagnostic tool in their evaluation. In research, the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS for first edition, ADOS-2 for second edition) is considered the gold-standard autism assessment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2019.1567345DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Evidence-Based Psychosocial Interventions for Ethnic Minority Youth: The 10-Year Update.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Mar-Apr;48(2):179-202. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

c University of Southern California.

This is the official update on the status of evidence-based psychosocial interventions for ethnic minority youth. Compared to a decade ago, there has been expansion of well-designed intervention studies, growth in the number (not type) of interventions meeting evidence-based criteria, and greater focus on testing ethnicity/race moderator effects. In terms of standard of evidence, 4 psychosocial interventions are now well-established and 10 are probably efficacious or possibly efficacious, with most protocols drawing on cognitive and behavioral change procedures and/or family systems models. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15374416.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2019.1567350DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

The Parent-Child Relationship and Posttreatment Child Outcomes Across Two Treatments for Oppositional Defiant Disorder.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Feb 7:1-15. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

c Child Study Center , Virginia Tech.

This study examined the degree to which the parent-child relationship uniquely predicted clinical outcomes in externalizing problems and adaptive skills in children meeting diagnostic criteria for oppositional defiant disorder and whether facets of this relationship moderated the effects of two unique psychosocial treatments. We recruited 134 children and their parents (38.06% female; M age = 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1555761DOI Listing
February 2019

Staying Strong with Schools: Testing an Elementary School-Based Intervention for Military-Connected Children.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Feb 7:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

a Harvard Medical School , Massachusetts General Hospital.

To address the unique behavioral health challenges facing military-connected children (MCC) during parental deployment and reintegration, we developed a low-cost, low-burden school-based intervention, Staying Strong With Schools (SSWS). SSWS builds upon best educational practice by formalizing relationships between administrators, guidance staff, teachers, and parents to enhance social connection to support psychosocial functioning of MCC. We previously evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of the intervention in an open pilot with 2 elementary schools, finding high feasibility and high acceptability. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15374416.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1547971DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Early Childhood Trajectories of Conduct Problems and Hyperactivity/Attention Problems: Predicting Adolescent and Adult Antisocial Behavior and Internalizing Problems.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Jan 31:1-15. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

b Department of Psychiatry , University of Pittsburgh.

Although conduct problems (CP) and hyperactivity/attention problems (HAP) are thought to covary with regularity, few studies have traced the probability of co-occurring CP and HAP longitudinally, particularly beginning in the toddler period. Further, there is little research examining how early co-occurring trajectories of CP and HAP predict functioning across several domains through late adolescence and early adulthood. Using a cohort of 284 low-income boys, we examined whether separate developmental trajectories of overt CP and HAP symptomatology from ages 2 to 10 relate to violent behavior, established correlates of antisocial behavior, impulsivity, and internalizing problems in adolescence and early adulthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1534206DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Effectiveness and Efficiency of Observationally Assessing Fidelity to a Family-Centered Child Intervention: A Quasi-Experimental Study.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Jan-Feb;48(1):16-28. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

h Department of Psychology , University of Virginia.

Assessment of fidelity that is effective, efficient, and differentiates from usual practices is critical for effectively implementing evidence-based programs for families. This quasi-experiemntal study sought to determine whether observational ratings of fidelity to the Family Check-Up (FCU) could differentiate between levels of clinician training in the model, and from services as usual, and whether rating segments of sessions could be equivalent to rating complete sessions. Coders rated 75 videotaped sessions-complete and 20-min segments-for fidelity, using a valid and reliable rating system across three groups: (a) highly trained in FCU with universal, routine monitoring; (b) minimally trained in FCU with optional, variable monitoring; and (c) services as usual with no training in the FCU. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1561295DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450082PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Adolescent Mediators of Unplanned Pregnancy among Women with and without Childhood ADHD.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Jan 28:1-10. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

a Department of Psychology , University of California.

We aimed to identify adolescent mediators of the significant and sizable link between childhood attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and later unplanned pregnancy in our prospectively followed, all-female sample. Participants included an ethnically diverse (47% non-White) sample of women with (n = 140) and without (n = 88) childhood ADHD who were assessed 4 times across childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Potential mediators were measured via self, parent, and teacher report on questionnaires and interviews and by objective testing. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15374416.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1547970DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

The Role of Parents' Ethnic-Racial Socialization Practices in the Discrimination-Depression Link among Mexican-Origin Adolescents.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Jan 28:1-14. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

e Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital; Departments of Medicine & Psychiatry , Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School.

The present study investigated the moderating role of parents' ethnic-racial socialization practices (T1) in the link between adolescents' discrimination experiences (T1-T3) and adolescent anxiety and depression, respectively (T1-T3). Using a 3-wave longitudinal design with multiple informants (adolescent, mother, father) reporting on parents' ethnic-racial socialization practices, the data analytic sample comprised a total of 251 (T1) Mexican-origin families from the midwestern United States. Mother and father reports of their own ethnic-racial socialization practices (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1547969DOI Listing
January 2019

Functional Outcomes of Young Adults with Childhood ADHD: A Latent Profile Analysis.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Jan 28:1-14. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

a Department of Psychology , Florida International University.

Adults with childhood attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience impairment in core functional domains (e.g., educational attainment, occupational status, social relationships, substance abuse, and criminal behavior), but it is currently unclear which impairments co-occur and whether subgroups experience differentiable patterns, none, or all aforementioned functional domains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1547968DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Core Elements of Family Therapy for Adolescent Behavior Problems: Empirical Distillation of Three Manualized Treatments.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Jan-Feb;48(1):29-41. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

c Department of Psychology , Virginia Commonwealth University.

Family therapy has the strongest evidence base for treating adolescent conduct and substance use problems, yet there remain substantial barriers to widespread delivery of this approach in community settings. This study aimed to promote the feasibility of implementing family-based interventions in usual care by empirically distilling the core practice elements of three manualized treatments. The study sampled 302 high-fidelity treatment sessions from 196 cases enrolled in 1 of 3 manualized family therapy models: multidimensional family therapy (102 sessions/56 cases), brief strategic family therapy (100 sessions/94 cases), or functional family therapy (100 sessions/46 cases). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1555762DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377288PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Efficient Monitoring of Treatment Response during Youth Psychotherapy: The Behavior and Feelings Survey.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Jan 18:1-15. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

a Department of Psychology , Harvard University.

An emerging trend in youth psychotherapy is measurement-based care (MBC): treatment guided by frequent measurement of client response, with ongoing feedback to the treating clinician. MBC is especially needed for treatment that addresses internalizing and externalizing problems, which are common among treatment-seeking youths. A very brief measure is needed, for frequent administration, generating both youth- and caregiver-reports, meeting psychometric standards, and available at no cost. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1547973DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

The Complex Role of Parental Separation in the Association between Family Conflict and Child Problem Behavior.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Jan 18:1-15. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

g Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Erasmus University Medical Center Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Center Department of Social and Behavioral Science , Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health.

Parental separation is a major adverse childhood experience. Parental separation is generally preceded by conflict, which is itself a risk factor for child problem behavior. Whether parental separation independent of conflict has negative effects on child problem behavior is unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1520118DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Multistakeholder Etiological Explanation Agreement and Adolescent/Parent Treatment Engagement.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Jan-Feb;48(1):42-53. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

g Child and Adolescent Services Research Center , and San Diego State University.

Client-therapist consensus has been hypothesized to be an important element of culturally competent care. However, little is known about the relationship between explanatory model agreement and treatment engagement, particularly for services involving adolescents, where both parent and youth perspectives may need to be considered. This longitudinal study collected youth, parent, and therapist survey data on etiological beliefs as well as therapist-rated treatment engagement related to a culturally diverse sample of 285 outpatient mental health service-using youth (aged 12-18, M = 14. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15374416.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1520120DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Enhancing Parenting Quality for Young Children Adopted Internationally: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Jan 16:1-13. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

d Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences , University of Delaware.

Children adopted internationally are often dysregulated biologically and behaviorally due to prior experiences of institutional care or caregiving changes and thus are in need of enhanced parental care. The present study assessed whether parents randomized to receive Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC) demonstrated significant improvements in parenting quality when compared to parents receiving a control intervention. Participants were 120 internationally adopted children and their adoptive parents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1547972DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Impulsivity Moderates the Relation between Depressive Symptoms and Substance Use across Adolescence.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Jan 15:1-13. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

d Department of Psychology , University of Kansas.

Adolescence is characterized by significant increases in substance use problems. Although early depressive symptoms have been linked to adolescent substance use, recent literature reviews highlight important inconsistencies in these relations that may be accounted for by behavioral disinhibition factors. The current study aims to examine impulsivity as a specific moderator of the relation between early depressive symptoms and trajectories of substance use using a 6-year, prospective longitudinal design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1537189DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Randomized Effectiveness Trial of the New Beginnings Program for Divorced Families with Children and Adolescents.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Jan 15:1-19. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

a REACH Institute and Department of Psychology , Arizona State University.

This study presents findings from a randomized effectiveness trial of the New Beginnings Program (NBP), which has demonstrated efficacy in 2 prior randomized efficacy trials. Family courts in 4 counties facilitated recruitment of divorcing and separating parents, and providers in community agencies delivered the program. Participants were 830 parents of children ages 3-18 who were randomized to receive either the 10-session NBP or an active 2-session comparison condition in which parents learned about the same parenting skills but did not complete home practice of these skills. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1540008DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Atypical Communication Characteristics, Differential Diagnosis, and the Autism Spectrum Disorder Phenotype in Youth.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Jan 15:1-13. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

a Department of Psychology , Stony Brook University.

This study compared atypical communication characteristics (ACCs) in clinic-referred youth with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD), identified subgroups based on different patterns of ACCs in youth with ASD, and determined if ACC subgroups result in meaningful clinical phenotypes in their relation to psychopathology and functional outcomes. Youth 6-18 years of age (N= 947; M age = 11.41; 72% male; 84% Caucasian) with and without ASD were assessed using Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-4R and the Parent Questionnaire, which included a checklist of ACCs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1539912DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Symptom Dimension Response in Children and Adolescents with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Jan 15:1-10. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

b Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, Department of Psychiatry , University of California.

This report examined the nature of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms nominated for treatment and investigate improvement in OCD symptom dimensions. Youth with OCD (N = 71) participated in a clinical trial that compared exposure-based cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) to psychoeducation plus relaxation training (PRT). Participants completed a baseline assessment to characterize OCD severity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1540009DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

A Cost Analysis of a Stepped Care Treatment Approach for Anxiety Disorders in Youth.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Jan 15:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

b Department of Health Policy and Management , Florida International University.

To address the high demand for youth anxiety treatment, researchers have begun to evaluate stepped care approaches to use limited resources efficiently. Quantifying cost savings can inform policy decisions about optimal ways to use limited resources. This study presents a cost analysis of a stepped care treatment approach for anxiety disorders in youth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1539913DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Correction.

Authors:

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1546511DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Future Directions in Affirmative Psychological Interventions with Transgender Children and Adolescents.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Mar-Apr;48(2):343-356. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

b School of Graduate Psychology , Pacific University.

Transgender children and adolescents experience a gender identity that is incongruent with their sex assigned at birth, often resulting in gender dysphoria. Emerging literature has explored the etiology of transgender identities, documented transgender youths' risk for psychopathology, and evaluated whether social and medical gender transition processes are appropriate and effective for transgender youth. However, there is a dearth of empirical data on gender-affirmative psychological interventions designed to reduce the forms of psychological distress experienced by many transgender youths. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1534207DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Evidence Base Update on the Treatment of Early Childhood Anxiety and Related Problems.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Jan-Feb;48(1):1-15. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

a Mental Health Interventions and Technology (MINT) Program, Center for Children and Families , Florida International University.

The controlled evaluation of treatments for early childhood anxiety and related problems has been a relatively recent area of investigation, and accordingly, trials examining early childhood anxiety treatment have not been well represented in existing systematic reviews of youth anxiety treatments. This Evidence Base Update provides the first systematic review of evidence supporting interventions specifically for the treatment of early childhood anxiety and related problems. Thirty articles testing 38 treatments in samples with mean age < 7. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15374416.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1534208DOI Listing
January 2019
30 Reads

Future Directions in the Study and Treatment of Parent-Child Separation.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2019 Jan-Feb;48(1):166-178. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

a Department of Psychology and Human Development , Vanderbilt University.

Children require adult caregivers to survive and thrive. In the absence of committed and nurturing care, children face increased risk for a number of difficulties, including internalizing and externalizing psychopathology, cognitive and language deficits, and social difficulties. Recent changes in the U. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15374416.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1534209DOI Listing
December 2018
12 Reads

Effect Size Measures for Multilevel Models in Clinical Child and Adolescent Research: New R-Squared Methods and Recommendations.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2018 Nov-Dec;47(6):863-873. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

a Department of Psychology and Human Development , Vanderbilt University.

Clinical psychologists studying child and adolescent populations commonly analyze hierarchically structured data via multilevel modeling (MLM). In clinical child and adolescent psychology, and in psychology more broadly, increasing emphasis is being placed on the reporting of effect size, such as R-squared (R) measures of explained variance. In MLM, however, the literature on R had, until recently, suffered from several shortcomings: (a) the relations among existing measures were unknown, (b) methods for quantifying some types of explained variance were unavailable, (c) which (if any) measures should be used for model comparison was unclear, (d) most measures did not generalize to models with more than two levels, and (e) software to compute measures was unavailable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1528550DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Social Anhedonia in Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Psychiatry Referrals.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2018 Nov 9:1-12. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

b Department of Psychology , Stony Brook University.

Social anhedonia (SA) is a widely accepted symptom phenotype in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), depression, and schizophrenia spectrum disorder; nevertheless, its clinical implications are relatively unstudied in populations of clinic-referred youth with and without ASD. Youth with ASD (n = 268) and nonASD psychiatry referrals (n = 641) between 6 and 18 years of age were evaluated for SA, ASD severity, co-occurring psychiatric symptom severity, and a wide range of common clinical correlates. Participants were parsed into youth with and without parent-defined SA, and the latter were further subdivided into youth with (SA+ alone) and without (SA/-alone) a preference for being alone. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15374416.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1514611DOI Listing
November 2018
15 Reads

Infant Temperament in the FMR1 Premutation and Fragile X Syndrome.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2018 Nov 5:1-11. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

c Department of Psychology , University of South Carolina.

Although temperament has been studied for decades as a predictor of psychopathology in the general population, examining temperament in neurogenetic groups has unique potential to inform the genetic and biological factors that may confer risk for psychopathology in later development. The present study examined early temperament in two heritable neurogenetic conditions associated with atypical CGG repeat expansions on the FMR1 gene: the FMR1 premutation (FXpm; 55-200 repeats) and fragile X syndrome (FXS; > 200 repeats). We focus specifically on the FXpm, as the condition is highly prevalent (1:209-291 female individuals, 1:430-855 male individuals) and has been preliminarily associated with increased risk for pediatric psychopathology, including attention problems, autism, and anxiety. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15374416.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1514613DOI Listing
November 2018
22 Reads

Cluster Randomized Trial of a School Intervention for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2018 Oct 30:1-12. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

e Department of Biostatistics and Computational Biology , University of Rochester.

There are currently no empirically supported, comprehensive school-based interventions (CSBIs) for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) without concomitant intellectual and language disability. This study compared outcomes for a CSBI (schoolMAX) to typical educational programming (services-as-usual [SAU]) for these children. A total of 103 children (6-12 years of age) with ASD (without intellectual and language disability) were randomly assigned by school buildings (clusters) to receive the CSBI (n = 52 completed) or SAU (n = 50 completed). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1520121DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

The Influence of Interactions with Dogs on Affect, Anxiety, and Arousal in Children.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2018 Oct 30:1-14. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

a Department of Psychology , Yale University.

Interactions with animals represent a promising way to reduce the burden of childhood mental illness on a large scale. However, the specific effects of child-animal interactions are not yet well-established. This study provides a carefully controlled demonstration that unstructured interactions with dogs can improve clinically relevant symptoms in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1520119DOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads

Associations between Parental Psychopathology and Sexual Behavior in an Outpatient Psychiatric Sample.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2018 Oct 30:1-10. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

a Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health , The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center.

Early age of sexual debut is associated with an increase in negative outcomes, including higher incidence of nonconsensual sexual experiences, higher rates of sexually transmitted infections, and risky sexual practices. Little research has examined the role of parental psychopathology as a predictor of adolescent sexual activity, however. The current study aims to close this gap by examining the relationship between parental psychopathology and sexual activity in a longitudinal sample of youth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1514614DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

A Population-Based Twin Study of Childhood Irritability and Internalizing Syndromes.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2018 Oct 30:1-11. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

a Department of Psychiatry , Virginia Commonwealth University.

Childhood irritability exhibits significant theoretical and empirical associations with depression and anxiety syndromes. The current study used the twin design to parse genetic and environmental contributions to these relationships. Children ages 9-14 from 374 twin pairs were assessed for irritability and symptoms of depression, generalized anxiety, panic, social phobia, and separation anxiety using dimensional self-report instruments. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15374416.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1514612DOI Listing
October 2018
19 Reads

Early Childhood Psychopathology Prospectively Predicts Social Functioning in Early Adolescence.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2018 Oct 11:1-12. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

a Department of Psychology , Stony Brook University.

Psychopathology in school-age children predicts impairment later in development. However, the long-term psychosocial consequences of early childhood psychopathology are less well known. The current study is the first to prospectively examine how a range of diagnoses and symptoms in early childhood predict psychosocial functioning across specific domains during early adolescence 6-9 years later. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1504298DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6459738PMC
October 2018
26 Reads

Emergent Life Events: An In-Depth Investigation of Characteristics and Provider Responses during Youth Evidence-Based Treatment.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2018 Aug 24:1-16. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

a Department of Psychology , University of California, Los Angeles.

Emergent life events (ELEs), or acute client stressors disclosed within psychotherapy sessions, are not addressed by many evidence-based psychosocial treatments (EBTs). Preliminary provider-report studies suggest that ELEs may interfere with effective EBT implementation. The present study offers a detailed, observational examination of ELEs and their impact on EBT within therapy sessions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1496441DOI Listing
August 2018
19 Reads

Assessing Callous-Unemotional Traits Using the Total Score from the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits: A Meta-Analysis.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2018 Aug 24:1-10. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

b Department of Psychology , Louisiana State University.

The Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) is a widely used rating scale measure of callous-unemotional (CU) traits. Most studies have used a unit-weighted total score that sums all of the items into a composite, despite the consistent finding that items from this measure can be described using a bifactor model (1 general factor and 3 bifactors). We conducted a meta-analysis using the results of past published bifactor tests of the ICU, using indices to estimate the sources of variance in the total and subscale scores. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1504297DOI Listing
August 2018
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Using Virtual Reality to Create an Observational Assessment of Adolescent Resistance to Antisocial Peer Pressure.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2018 Aug 24:1-12. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

a Department of Psychology , Southern Methodist University.

Resistance to antisocial peer pressure consistently relates to adolescent adjustment. However, it is typically measured via a mono-method, self-report approach. The current study introduces a virtual reality (VR) protocol to create an observational measure of adolescents' responses to peer pressure to engage in antisocial activities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1504296DOI Listing
August 2018
22 Reads

Evidence Base Update of Psychosocial Treatments for Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Evaluating, Improving, and Transporting What Works.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2018 Sep-Oct;47(5):669-698. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

a Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Pediatric Anxiety Research Center , Bradley Hospital.

Pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder is a chronic and impairing condition that often persists into adulthood. This review refreshes the state of support for psychosocial treatments and the predictors or moderators that relate to their efficacy and evaluates how the literature has improved since the last update in 2014. A secondary goal is to propose an additional framework for the categorization of studies based on central research questions rather than treatment format. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1496443DOI Listing
August 2018
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Future Directions in Father Inclusion, Engagement, Retention, and Positive Outcomes in Child and Adolescent Research.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2018 Sep-Oct;47(5):847-862. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

a Department of Counseling, School, and Educational Psychology , University at Buffalo.

Fathers make important and unique contributions to positive child development. In spite of these findings, the research literature has lagged in the study of the role and impact of fathers on child development and in the development of effective approaches and interventions for fathers. Parameters for additional study include the inclusion of fathers in treatment outcome studies, the engagement of fathers within studies once included, the retention of fathers in interventions and studies once engaged, and the appropriate measurement of father-related outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1485106DOI Listing
August 2018
17 Reads

Harsh Parenting and Violence Against Children: A Trial with Ultrapoor Families in Francophone West Africa.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2018 Aug 15:1-18. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

b Luskin School of Public Affairs , University of California Los Angeles.

Few culturally congruent interventions are available to reduce abusive practices in families living in abject poverty in francophone West Africa. This study tests the effects of economic intervention-alone and in combination with a family-focused component-on parenting outcomes and children's reports of violence in rural Burkina Faso. Female caregivers and their 10- to 15-year-old children from 360 ultrapoor families were recruited to participate in a parallel cluster randomized control trial with 3 study arms: the waitlist (control) group, the economic intervention group (Trickle Up [TU]), and the economic intervention plus family coaching group (TU+). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1485103DOI Listing
August 2018
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