773 results match your criteria Journal of Child Sexual Abuse [Journal]


Relationships between Early Life Victimization, Antisocial Traits, and Sexual Violence: Executive Functioning as a Mediator.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Apr 24:1-23. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

a School of Social Work , Colorado State University , Fort Collins , CO , USA.

Few research studies examine how the relationship between trauma and executive functioning can influence sexual violence among youth. Knight and Sims-Knight (2004) proposed a Developmental Etiological Theory (DET) connecting early life physical and sexual victimization to sexual violence via antisocial traits. Drawing from research that identifies a link between early life victimization and executive functioning, this study tests an adaptation to the DET by including executive functioning as an intervening factor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2019.1588819DOI Listing

Trauma and Adolescents Who Engage in Sexually Abusive Behavior: A Review of the Literature.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Apr 12:1-20. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

a The Ohio State University , Columbus , OH , USA.

While recent research has established the abuse and victimization histories of youth who engage in sexually abusive behavior, there is still debate regarding the significance of trauma and abuse as developmental antecedents to sexual offending in adolescence. Moreover, research has not conclusively identified the types, context, and timing of adverse experiences that act as catalysts for subsequent sexual perpetration. The present comprehensive literature review has one primary aim: Explore the adverse childhood experiences of youth who engage in sexually abusive behavior, considering whether trauma may be a consistent developmental antecedent to offending. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10538712.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2019.1598528DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

The Relationship between Social Dominance Orientation and Child Sexual Abuse Credibility Assessment.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Mar 28:1-17. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

a Department of Psychology , Kean University , Hillside , NJ , USA.

Allegations of child sexual abuse (CSA) across various contexts have often been denied or ignored by a multitude of people, including those who do not personally know the alleged perpetrators or victims. The lack of belief of children's CSA reports is problematic, as this may affect the child's adjustment, the consequences for the alleged perpetrator, and the likelihood of other victims reporting abuse that they experienced. One plausible explanation for low credibility is the variable of social dominance orientation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2019.1592271DOI Listing

Therapists' Personal Experiences in Their Work with Clients Who Have Sexually Offended against Children: A Phenomenological Study.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Mar 25:1-20. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

b Department of Communication and Psychology, Aalborg University , Aalborg , Denmark.

The need for professionals working with people who have committed sexual offenses is increasingly recognized. Still, relatively little is known about the personal impact of work with this population. Most research in the field has aimed to determine treatment providers' level of work-related stress and hence focused on negative aspects of experience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2019.1592273DOI Listing

Is Female Psychopathy Linked with Child Abuse? An Empirical Investigation using a Person-Centered Approach.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Mar 25:1-18. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

a Department of Psychology, University of Huddersfield , Huddersfield , UK.

Childhood abuse is associated with increased psychopathic features among girls, but most prior research is based on data from correctional samples of female delinquents and less is known about how specific forms of childhood abuse affect specific features of psychopathy. Using a school-based community sample of 696 girls aged 9-17 years from Barbados and Grenada, the current study examined latent profiles of psychopathic personality traits and their associations with physical, emotional, and sexual abuse. Latent profile analysis (LPA) revealed four distinct psychopathy groups among girls, including a 'low psychopathy' group (41. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2019.1592272DOI Listing
March 2019
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A Novel Screening Tool for Assessing Child Abuse: The Medical Somatic Dissociation Questionnaire-MSDQ.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Mar 20:1-18. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

a Kaplan Medical Center , Rehovot , Israel.

Somatic dissociation is known to be associated with childhood abuse, particularly with childhood sexual abuse (CSA). Currently, the diagnosis of CSA is hampered by the lack of a validated questionnaire. While some questionnaires are excellent research tools, there is no suitable applied measure for the assessment of distress due to CSA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2019.1581868DOI Listing

Betrayed and Broken: A Study of the Experiences of Victims of Child Sexual Abuse in the Ga Community in Accra, Ghana.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Mar 12:1-17. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

b Kofi Annan International Peace Keeping Training Centre , Accra , Ghana.

Child sexual abuse is increasingly becoming an issue of concern in most societies across the globe, including Ghana. This is a phenomenological study that sought to describe the lived experiences of victims of child sexual abuse in Ghana, using the Ga community as a case study. Purposive and snowball sampling techniques were used to identify 17 sexually abused children in the Ga Community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2019.1581869DOI Listing
March 2019
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Safeguarding Culture in the Catholic Church of England and Wales in the Twenty-First Century: An Examination of Progress.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Mar 11:1-22. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

b College of Education, University of Massachusetts , Amherst , MA , USA.

In the wake of reported scandals of child sexual abuse by Roman catholic priests in mainstream media in the 1980s/1990s and conviction of Catholic priests on similar charges in England and Wales, Lord Nolan was invited by the Archbishop of Westminster in 2000 to undertake a review of child safeguarding policies of the Catholic Church of England and Wales since 1994, known as the Nolan Report. The Nolan Report led to the establishment of the first Catholic Office for protection of children (COPCA) which remained operative from 2001-2007 before being later modified in light of the Cumberlege Review (2007) as the National Child Safeguarding Commission (NCSC) and the Catholic Safeguarding Advisory service (CSAS) since 2008 which continue to operate till today. This article conducts a hermeneutical analysis of the Nolan Report, the Cumberlege Report, the annual reports of COPCA and the National Catholic Safeguarding Commission from 2007 till 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2019.1577934DOI Listing

Grooming Hurts Too: The Effects of Types of Perpetrator Grooming on Trauma Symptoms in Adult Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Apr 11;28(3):345-359. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

b Division of Social Work , Keuka College , Keuka Park , NY , USA.

There are a multitude of behaviors that child sexual abusers use to 'groom' children into becoming vulnerable to abuse. In this study of 277 adult survivors of child sexual abuse, participants advised the many ways they were groomed into being abused by up to three perpetrators. The effects of three categories of grooming (Verbal Coercion, Grooming that used Drugs/Alcohol, and Threatening/Violent Grooming) were examined for their effects on trauma symptom severity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2019.1579292DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Out and in Harm's Way: Sexual Minority Students' Psychological and Physical Health after Institutional Betrayal and Sexual Assault.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Mar 11:1-15. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

a Department of Psychology , University of Oregon , Eugene , Oregon , USA.

In a large random sample of undergraduate university students, we investigated whether sexual minority individuals (i.e., lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals) experienced different rates of sexual violence victimization (including sexual assault and rape) and subsequent institutional betrayal compared to their heterosexual counterparts, and whether such differences may account for disparities in the psychological and physical health of sexual minorities compared to heterosexuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2019.1581867DOI Listing

Healing from Childhood Sexual Abuse: A Meta-Synthesis of Qualitative Studies.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Mar 11:1-17. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

b College of Nursing , Ewha Womans University , Seoul , South Korea.

Although the global prevalence of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is very high, the experience of healing after such abuse has not been well documented. The goal of this study was to characterize the healing experience among CSA survivors presented in the literature. Metaethnography was used to synthesize an integrative literature review. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10538712.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2019.1574945DOI Listing
March 2019
18 Reads

Boys Abused in a Community Setting: An Analysis of Gender, Relationship, and Delayed Prosecutions in Cases of Child Sexual Abuse.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Mar 11:1-22. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

a Psychology Department , Simon Fraser University , Burnaby , Canada.

Previous research on gender differences and delay of disclosure of child sexual abuse is inconclusive; some research has found that male victims are more likely to delay disclosure than female victims, while other studies have found no gender difference. The present archival study investigated this inconsistency by examining factors that interact with delay. Judicial outcomes of child sexual abuse cases were coded (N = 4237) for variables related to the offense, the complainant-accused relationship, and court proceedings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2019.1580329DOI Listing

Experiences of Young People with Harmful Sexual Behaviors in Services: A Qualitative Study.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Mar 6:1-18. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

b Department of Sociology, Durham University , Durham , UK.

Young people are responsible for a significant number of the sexual offenses that are committed every year. These young people are generally referred to specialist services for treatment. This article explores the health characteristics and service experiences of 117 young people with sexual behavior problems, and the issues that services face when working with them. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10538712.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2019.1573390DOI Listing
March 2019
13 Reads

K-12 School Employee Sexual Abuse and Misconduct: An Examination of Policy Effectiveness.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Feb-Mar;28(2):200-221. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

b Curry School of Education , University of Virginia , Charlottesville , VA , USA.

Despite federal and state laws and policies aimed at preventing sexual misconduct by school employees, one in ten American students will experience sexual abuse or misconduct at the hands of a K-12 school employee. To explore why such sexual misconduct continues to occur, this study examined the effectiveness of education policies by investigating whether and how school employees understand these policies, how they are implemented, and how loopholes may undermine their intent. This qualitative case study was conducted in three Virginia school districts and included 46 semi-structured interviews with school district employees and county, state, and federal government employees associated with cases of school employee sexual misconduct, and extensive document analysis of school policies and procedures, laws, and court records. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2019.1580328DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Prevention of preK-12 School Employee Sexual Misconduct and Abuse.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Feb-Mar;28(2):125-128. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

c College of Extended Studies , San Diego State University , San Diego , CA , USA.

The abuse of preK-12 students by school personnel is a pervasive, understudied topic that has behavioral, psychological and monetary consequences for victims, their families, and their communities. This special issue is the second of a two-part series and focuses on studies of school employee sexual misconduct prevention training programs and prevention issues and frameworks. This compilation of articles presents evidence that effective training can lead to improved awareness and behavior changes, concerns about policy implementation that may contribute to continued prevalence, and presents strategies and guidelines for prevention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2019.1580517DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

Increasing Child Serving Professionals' Awareness and Understanding of the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Feb 14:1-18. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

b Kristi House , Miami , Florida , USA.

Child serving professionals need increased understanding of the identification and therapeutic needs of child victims of commercial sexual exploitation. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a training program aimed to increase awareness of commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) among professionals likely to encounter victims in their work. Professionals' (N = 227) knowledge level was examined prior to the training, immediately thereafter, and in a 6-12 month follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1563264DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Editor Acknowledgements.

Authors:
Robert Geffner

J Child Sex Abus 2019 01 6;28(1). Epub 2019 Feb 6.

a Editor.

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10538712.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2019.1567138DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Sexual Abuse and Exploitation of PreK-12 Students by School Personnel.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Jan 4;28(1):2-6. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

c San Diego State University , San Diego , USA.

The abuse of students by PreK-12 school personnel continues to be a multifaceted issue that affects students, staff, parents, and communities at an alarming rate. This two-part special issue builds on the dated and limited literature in this topic area and includes qualitative and quantitative research on prevalence, victim and offender characteristics, barriers to prevention, and frameworks and standards for prevention. Together these articles highlight the need for systematic data collection, policy implementation, accountability, and training and awareness. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10538712.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2019.1567139DOI Listing
January 2019
17 Reads

Why the Focus of Clerical Child Sexual Abuse has Largely Remained on the Catholic Church amongst Other Non-Catholic Christian Denominations and Religions.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Feb 4:1-22. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

b University of Massachusetts , Amherst , MA , USA.

The current study considers reasons for the consistent focus of academic research and mainstream media on clerical child sexual abuse (cCSA) largely within the Roman Catholic Church, seeming to ignore cCSA in other Christian denominations and religions. This study includes an analysis of traditional mainstream media and case reports on cCSA in non-Catholic churches and other religious faiths. The authors highlight the inadequacy of research and identify a wide range of gaps in this so far neglected area. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10538712.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1563261DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Qualitative Study on the Impact of Child Sexual Abuse: Perspectives of Children, Caregivers, and Professionals in Indian Context.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Jan 25:1-22. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

a All India Institute of Medical Sciences , New Delhi , India.

With an alarming increase in reported cases of Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) in India, the present study was conceived in an attempt to unearth the impact of CSA from the perspective of children, their caregivers, and the professionals dealing with them using qualitative research methodology. The secondary objective of the study was to discuss the clinical implications of the obtained findings for conducting culturally sensitive psychological assessment and intervention for CSA in India. Thus, in-depth interviews with 11 children and 7 Focused Group Discussions (FGDs) with 21 caregivers and 27 professionals were conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1563262DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Childhood Sexual Abuse Profiles and Psychological Functioning in Adult Males.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Jan 24:1-20. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

a University of Ottawa , Ottawa , Canada.

This study used a person-centered approach to generate profiles of males' sexual abuse characteristics and then link profiles to other types of childhood maltreatment and adversity, and adult outcomes. Data were drawn from 215 North American males (86% Caucasian) aged 17-61 years recruited from websites offering support for sexual abuse. Latent profile analysis identified three profiles, ranging from 1-2 instances of fondling by an unfamiliar extrafamilial perpetrator to chronic, penetrative abuse by individuals within and outside the family. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10538712.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1563263DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

The Prevalence of Child Sexual Abuse among Slovak Late Adolescents.

J Child Sex Abus 2018 Dec 11:1-20. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

c Department of Preschool and Elementary Education and Psychology , University of Presov , Bratislava , Slovakia.

The present study aimed to assess the prevalence and characteristics of child sexual abuse (CSA) in a large-scale sample of Slovak late adolescents. Randomized cluster sampling was used to sample 2186 students in their final school year of secondary school with mean age of 18.6 years (SD = . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1553224DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Grooming: A Case Study.

J Child Sex Abus 2018 Dec 11:1-20. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

a School of Nursing and Human Sciences, Dublin City University , Dublin , Ireland.

In recent years, legislation recognizing the grooming of a child for the purposes of sexual abuse as a criminal offense has been introduced. However, there is a limited evidence base on the mechanisms involved in grooming behavior, particularly from the perspective of those who have experienced grooming. This article, drawing on an in depth case study of a 52-year-old man, using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, explores the experience of grooming from childhood into adulthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1554612DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Sexual Violence of Liberian School Age Students: An Investigation of Perpetration, Gender, and Forms of Abuse.

J Child Sex Abus 2018 Dec 3:1-20. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

b Center for Global Social Work, Rutgers , The State University of New Jersey , New Brunswick , NJ , USA.

This study examined the perpetration of sexual violence within the institutional setting of primary schools in Liberia using secondary analysis of data collected from 811 Liberian school aged participants (298 girls and 513 boys). The study looked specifically at the perpetration of: 1) sexual violation, 2) transactional sex, and 3) sexual coercion. Sexual violation was the most common form of sexual violence experienced, followed by sexual coercion, and then transactional sex. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1549176DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

The Use of Tools and Checklists to Assess the Risk of Child Sexual Exploitation: Lessons from UK Practice.

J Child Sex Abus 2018 Nov 27:1-20. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

a Faculty of Health and Life Sciences , Coventry University , Coventry , UK.

Tools to assess the risk of becoming a victim of child sexual exploitation (CSE) have been developed by UK CSE practitioners based on their professional experiences, with little evidence underpinning their development, and no evaluation/validation. Little is known about how they are used in practice. This paper summarizes two studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1510453DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Attributions of Blame among Victims of Child Sexual Abuse: Findings from a Community Sample.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Apr 26;28(3):301-317. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

a Tilburg University , Tilburg , The Netherlands.

According to the attribution theory, negative outcomes of child sexual abuse (CSA) are thought to vary depending on whether CSA victims attribute the abuse to internal or external factors, respectively, self-blame and perpetrator-blame. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify abuse characteristics and attitudes that influence blame attributions among CSA victims from a community sample. Data from respondents with a history of CSA (N = 1,496) have been used in predicting blame attributions; perpetrator-blame, self-blame, or both. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1546249DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Perceived Loss of Social Contact and Trauma Symptoms among Adolescents Who Have Experienced Sexual Abuse.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Apr 19;28(3):333-344. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

a Department of Psychology , Southern Methodist University , Dallas , TX , USA.

Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a robust predictor of trauma symptoms. Past research has identified many correlates of trauma symptoms following disclosure of CSA. Theory suggests that loss of social contact may be another important contributor to adolescents' trauma symptoms following CSA. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10538712.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1544599DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

An Exploration of Coping with Childhood Sexual Abuse in Arab American Women.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Apr 15;28(3):360-381. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

c Nursing Department , Children's Hospital of Wisconsin , Milwaukee , WI , USA.

This research used a descriptive qualitative approach to explore coping with childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and to identify long-term psychological outcomes among Arab American women. Ten Arab American women participated in the study. Data were collected by individual semi-structured interviews and analyzed using content analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1538174DOI Listing
April 2019
12 Reads

Neuropsychological Risk Factors to Consider When Assessing for Sexually Abusive Youth.

J Child Sex Abus 2018 Nov 14:1-19. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

a Department of Psychology , Palo Alto University , Palo Alto , CA , USA.

Present literature exploring neuropsychological characteristics of sexually abusive youth is lacking, especially with regard to females and youth with low intellectual functioning. Moreover, although areas of neuropsychological functioning have been researched in this population, findings are vastly inconsistent and contradictory. Such gaps in the literature create obvious barriers in the ability to adequately assess risk, particularly pertaining to neuropsychological factors that could inform effective treatment, case management, and supervision options. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10538712.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1542419DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

The Prevalence of Sexual Abuse in Adolescence in Suriname.

J Child Sex Abus 2018 Nov 9:1-17. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

b Institute for Graduate Studies and Research, Anton de Kom University , Paramaribo , Suriname.

Studies conducted to ascertain the prevalence of child sexual abuse (CSA) in the Caribbean are poorly synthesized. Present study reports on the lifetime and year prevalence of unwanted sexual experiences, the risk of CSA at different ages within adolescence, and differences between the three largest ethnic groups in Suriname. One thousand one hundred and twenty (1,120) adolescents completed a questionnaire on child maltreatment, including CSA. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10538712.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1538176DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Adaptation and Psychometric Evaluation of the Children's Knowledge of Abuse Questionnaire (CKAQ-RIII) in Greek Elementary School Children.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Feb-Mar;28(2):222-239. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

a Department of Psychology , The American College of Greece-Deree , Athens , Greece.

The purpose of the present study was to culturally adapt and validate the Children's Knowledge of Abuse Questionnaire-RIII (CKAQ-RIII), a tool that examines children's understanding of sexual abuse concepts, for use in Greek elementary schools. A sample of 467 Greek school children between the ages of 6-9 was recruited from a private school. The CKAQ-RIII was administrated three times, before and immediately after a Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) prevention intervention program, as well as during a one-year follow-up evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1538175DOI Listing
November 2018
22 Reads

Perspectives of Young Child Abuse Survivors on Confidentiality: An Exploratory Literature Review.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Apr 2;28(3):280-300. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

a School of Education and Social Work , University of Dundee , Dundee , Scotland.

The current systematic narrative literature review sought to discover the views of young child sexual abuse (CSA) survivors, unknown to child protection services, on confidentiality. Due to the paucity of research on young CSA survivors, the review was widened to include users of sexual health services. Seventeen databases were searched, and results were refined by reading titles and abstracts, followed by full text. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1534918DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Maternal Emotional Support following the Disclosure of Child Sexual Abuse: A Qualitative Study.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Apr 2;28(3):259-279. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

b Department of Sexology , Université de Québec à Montréal , Montréal , Canada.

Non-offending maternal (NOM) support is considered one of the most important protective factors in facilitating better victim adjustment following the disclosure of child sexual abuse (CSA). However, recent findings have led authors to conclude that NOM support has yet to be properly conceptualized and operationalized within the CSA literature. Emotional support is one dimension that has consistently emerged in studies attempting to reconceptualize NOM support but is a concept which also requires further theoretical investigation. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10538712.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1534919DOI Listing
April 2019
14 Reads

Scientific Evolution of Clinical and Risk Assessment of Sexually Abusive Youth: A Comprehensive Review of Empirical Tools.

J Child Sex Abus 2018 Nov 2:1-30. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

b School of Social Work, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA.

Risk assessment of sexually abusive youth is a specialty, which ideally includes a clinical assessment (e.g., psychological evaluation) utilizing a validated risk assessment tool. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10538712.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1537337DOI Listing
November 2018
24 Reads

"It's My Responsibility, But…" A Qualitative Study of Perpetrators' Understanding of Child Sexual Abuse.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Feb-Mar;28(2):240-258. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

a University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway , Tromsø , Norway.

The present study looked at child sexual abuse (CSA) from the perpetrator's perspective, focusing on precursors to, sustaining mechanisms, and inhibitors of CSA. Individuals serving sentences for sexual abuse of children under the age of 16 were interviewed (N = 8). A qualitative design using interpretative phenomenological analysis was employed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1523815DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Reliability and Validity of the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children and Trauma Symptom Checklist for Young Children Screeners in a Clinical Sample.

J Child Sex Abus 2018 Oct 9:1-13. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

b Department of Psychology and Counseling , University of Texas at Tyler , Tyler, TX , USA.

This study reports on the reliability and validity for two measures developed for screening of symptoms in child sexual abuse (CSA)-the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children-Screening Form (TSCC-SF) and the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Young Children-Screening Form (TSCYC-SF). The sample of 200 children and caregivers received outpatient treatment. Internal consistencies ranged from an alpha of 0. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10538712.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1517109DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Adverse Childhood Experiences and Healthcare Costs in Adult Life.

J Child Sex Abus 2018 Oct 4:1-15. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

b Department of General Practice , Monash University , Notting Hill , Australia.

The current study aims to present the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences and examine the healthcare costs associated with primary, allied, and specialist healthcare services. The Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health is a general health survey of four nationally representative age cohorts. The current study uses 20 years of survey and administrative data (1996-2015) from the cohort born 1973-1978. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1523814DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Do Foster Parents and Care Workers Recognize the Needs of Youth in Family Foster Care with a History of Sexual Abuse?

J Child Sex Abus 2018 Oct 24;27(7):811-831. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

a Centre for Special Needs Education and Youth Care , University of Groningen , Groningen , The Netherlands.

Children in family foster care have the right to participate in decisions regarding their life, however, adults often advocate on behalf of children. This Q methodological study explored whether shared perspectives among foster parents and care workers resemble shared perspectives of youth regarding the psychosocial needs experienced by youth with a history of sexual abuse. Participants sorted a set of statement cards according to what they thought was most important for youth. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10538712.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1520378DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Traumatic Brain Injury and Sexually Offensive Behaviors.

J Child Sex Abus 2018 Sep 13:1-6. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

a UC Davis Division of Continuing and Professional Education , Davis , CA , USA.

Sexually offensive behavior is known to be one of many consequences of traumatic brain injury (TBI). This article provides a brief review of research to ascertain the effects of TBI in childhood and adulthood as related to cognitive, behavioral, social, and sexual behaviors. Brain impairment is also identified as a result of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1510454DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Using Root Cause Analysis and Occupational Safety Research to Prevent Child Sexual Abuse in Schools.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Feb-Mar;28(2):187-199. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

a Praesidium, Inc , Arlington , TX , USA.

Significant progress has been made in the past two decades understanding how child molesters gain access to children and molest them while manipulating others to not get caught. However, incidents of child sexual abuse in schools by educators, and by other children, continue. This manuscript suggests that a comprehensive solution involves two components: (1) using root cause analysis methodology to systematically identify and integrate repetitive causes; (2) to use the findings from voluminous occupational safety research focusing on low-frequency but high-intensity events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1494238DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Prosecution of Child Sexual Abuse Cases Involving Preschool-Aged Children: A Study of Swedish Cases from 2010 to 2014.

J Child Sex Abus 2018 Oct 6;27(7):832-851. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

a Department of Psychology , University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg , Sweden.

Alleged child sexual abuse against preschool-aged children is often considered one of the most challenging cases for a prosecutor to handle. The aim of the current study was to examine differences between prosecuted and discontinued cases of alleged sexual abuse of preschool-aged children. Data from Swedish criminal cases of alleged sexual abuse of children ages 2-6 issued from 2010 to 2014 were analyzed (N = 130). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1501786DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Individual Differences in Children's Suggestibility: An Updated Review.

J Child Sex Abus 2018 Aug 24:1-25. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

a Department of Psychological Science , University of California , Irvine , Irvine, CA, USA.

The present review is intended as an overview of our current understanding of how children's individual characteristics, in terms of demographic, cognitive, and psycho-social variables, may influence their susceptibility to suggestion. The goals are to revisit conceptual models of the mechanisms of suggestibility, to provide an updated practical guide for practitioners, and to make recommendations for future research. Results suggest that children with intellectual impairment and those with nascent language skills may be particularly vulnerable to suggestion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1508108DOI Listing
August 2018
25 Reads

Considerations for Pursuing Multiple Session Forensic Interviews in Child Sexual Abuse Investigations.

J Child Sex Abus 2018 Aug 10:1-21. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

b Child Advocates of Fort Bend , Rosenberg , Texas , USA.

Multiple session forensic interviews (MSFI) are a useful tool in the field of child sexual abuse forensic interviewing given the complexity of disclosures and the variety of child-centered needs observed in practice. This paper focuses on the Children's Advocacy Centers of Texas (CACTX) model for conducting MSFIs, illustrated by a description of the statewide training models offered to member centers and enumeration of the MSFI protocol guidelines implemented by one center. A brief history and review of the single session forensic interview (SSFI) is provided followed by considerations for MSFIs in order to establish the development of current and new practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1504263DOI Listing
August 2018
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Adolescent's Perceptions of Sexual Relationships Between Students and Teachers.

J Child Sex Abus 2019 Jan 6;28(1):67-83. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

c Department of Psychology , University of Texas of the Permian Basin , Odessa , TX , USA.

Very little is known about how people perceive and respond to sexual relationships between students and teachers, and even less is known about how adolescents view these relationships. In this study, a large sample of high school students (N = 1203; Mean age: 16.83) responded to four scenarios describing a sexual relationship between a student and teacher. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1505795DOI Listing
January 2019
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Perspectives of Adult Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse: An Exploration of the Adjustments to Self-Structure through Meaning-Making in Therapy.

J Child Sex Abus 2018 Aug-Sep;27(6):663-681. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

a York St John University , York , UK.

This critical literature review explored how adult survivors of child sexual abuse experienced adjustments to their self-structure through meaning-making in therapy. Following extensive searches of academic databases, 15 studies were identified for review. Using thematic analysis, eight themes emerged. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1496961DOI Listing
November 2018
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Sexual Abuse Prevention Concept Knowledge: Low Income Children Are Learning but Still Lagging.

J Child Sex Abus 2018 Aug-Sep;27(6):642-662. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

a The New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children , New York , NY , USA.

School-based child sexual abuse (CSA) prevention programs have proliferated since beginning over 30 years ago. Research on program effectiveness has emphasized summative outcomes while under-reporting implementation and process fidelity, limiting reliable comparisons across programs and populations. External validity is further limited by racially and economically homogenous samples, or a failure to report such demographics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1496506DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6328251PMC
November 2018
19 Reads

The Characteristics of Child Sexual Abuse in the School Environment in Turkey.

J Child Sex Abus 2018 Oct 1;27(7):852-869. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

b SB Atatürk Education and Research Hospital , Ankara , Turkey.

School may represent a protective factor, boosting the mental health of the student body, while also representing a risk factor that heightens the potential for mental health problems. The present study aims to identify the individual and familial characteristics associated with the incidents of child sexual abuse (CSA) in Turkey's school environment. The incidents involving school-related CSA constituted 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1501787DOI Listing
October 2018
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A Review of Child Sexual Abuse: Impact, Risk, and Resilience in the Context of Culture.

J Child Sex Abus 2018 Aug-Sep;27(6):622-641. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

a Department of Psychology , Minnesota State University , Mankato , MN , USA.

Child sexual abuse is a problem with both a national and worldwide prevalence. In this review, the authors note that while empirical research has clearly shown the negative impact of child sexual abuse on social, psychological, and sexual functioning later in life, it has also been reported that some individuals remain asymptomatic despite a history of experiencing child sexual abuse. This implies that negative outcomes later in life are not inevitable and illustrates the critical need to elucidate how resilience may moderate the negative impacts of child sexual abuse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2018.1486934DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads