2,013,153 results match your criteria Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse [Journal]


School-level factors associated with obesity: A systematic review of longitudinal studies.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of Child & Family Studies, College of Behavioral & Community Sciences, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Although school has been an important intervention venue for obesity prevention, the role of school-level factors in obesity development or prevention has not been well-documented. This study aimed to systematically examine the current evidence on school-level factors associated with obesity outcomes in longitudinal studies. The literature search was performed in PubMed, EMBASE, CINHAL, and PsycINFO. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12852DOI Listing

The Roles of Neuropilin 2/VEGF-C Axis in a Series of Recurrent Lymphangioma.

Eur J Pediatr Surg 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, United States.

Objective:  Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptor act as a major contributor to lymphangioma, but their role on nonrecurrent and recurrent lymphangiomas remain unclear. We aim to investigate those factors in the generation of recurrent lymphangioma.

Materials And Methods:  Patients diagnosed with lymphangioma from January 2005 to December 2012 in our hospital were collected and divided into nonrecurrent and recurrent lymphangiomas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1687869DOI Listing

Vocal Development in Infants and Toddlers With Bilateral Cochlear Implants and Infants With Normal Hearing.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2019 Apr 22:1-13. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.

Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the time course of vocal development in infants and toddlers with bilateral cochlear implants (CIs; bilateral CI group) who are acquiring Finnish and to compare their progress to that of infants with normal hearing and typical development (TD group). Method Five thousand nine hundred sixty-four spontaneous utterances of 30 infants and toddlers (15 in both groups) were classified as either precanonical (PC) vocalizations, basic canonical syllables (BCS), or advanced forms (AF) levels. Time course of development and group differences were analyzed in a prospective longitudinal study during a time course of 1 year: before implantation and 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after CI activation for the bilateral CI group and at 6, 9, and 12 months of age for the TD group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_JSLHR-S-18-0260DOI Listing

Parent and child perception of quality of life in a randomized controlled peanut oral immunotherapy trial.

Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Division of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Improved quality of life (QoL) after oral immunotherapy (OIT) in peanut allergic children is often reported by their parents, while the child's perspective is less clear.

Objective: We aimed to explore if two years of OIT improved QoL in children with peanut allergy and to identify factors influencing change in QoL.

Methods: In the open labelled TAKE-AWAY peanut OIT trial including children with anaphylaxis to peanuts, 57 were randomized to OIT and 20 to observation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pai.13066DOI Listing

Pregnancy intention and contraceptive use among HIV-positive Malawian women at 4-26 weeks post-partum: A nested cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2019 23;14(4):e0215947. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Lilongwe, Malawi.

Background: Avoiding unintended pregnancies through family planning is a WHO strategy for preventing mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) and maternal morbidity/mortality. We investigated factors associated with unintended index pregnancy, unmet contraceptive need, future pregnancy intention and current contraceptive use among Malawian women living with HIV in the Option B+ era.

Methods: Women who tested HIV positive at 4-26 weeks postpartum were enrolled into a cross-sectional study at high-volume Under-5 clinics. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215947PLOS
April 2019
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Determinants of continuum of care for maternal, newborn, and child health services in rural Khammouane, Lao PDR.

PLoS One 2019 23;14(4):e0215635. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of Community and Global Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Introduction: The concept of continuum of care has gained attention as measures to improve maternal, newborn, and child health. However, little is known about the factors associated with the coverage level of continuum of care in Lao PDR. Therefore, this study was conducted 1) to investigate the coverage level of continuum of care and 2) to identify barriers and promoting factors that are associated with mothers' continuation in receiving services in rural Lao PDR. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215635PLOS

Australian Aboriginal children have higher hospitalization rates for otitis media but lower surgical procedures than non-Aboriginal children: A record linkage population-based cohort study.

PLoS One 2019 23;14(4):e0215483. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Wesfarmers Centre for Vaccines and Infectious Diseases, Telethon Kids Institute, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Introduction: Otitis media (OM) is one of the most common infectious diseases affecting children globally and the most common reason for antibiotic prescription and paediatric surgery. Australian Aboriginal children have higher rates of OM than non-Aboriginal children; however, there are no data comparing OM hospitalization rates between them at the population level. We report temporal trends for OM hospitalizations and in-hospital tympanostomy tube insertion (TTI) in a cohort of 469,589 Western Australian children born between 1996 and 2012. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215483PLOS
April 2019
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Risk of Severe Intraventricular Hemorrhage in the First Week of Life in Preterm Infants Transported Before 72 Hours of Age.

Pediatr Crit Care Med 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Division of Child Health and Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom.

Objectives: Evaluate the risk of severe intraventricular hemorrhage, in the first week of life, in preterm infants undergoing early interhospital transport.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Tertiary neonatal centers of the Trent Perinatal Network in the United Kingdom. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PCC.0000000000001937DOI Listing

HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS WITH NON-CLASSIC CONGENITAL ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA.

Endocr Pract 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

From: 1 Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes Unit, Dana-Dwek Children's Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center.

Non-classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia (NCCAH) is a late-onset milder form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) which differs dramatically from the classic form. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in pediatric patients with the sole diagnosis of NCCAH has not been determined, in this study we aimed to determine whether HRQOL is compromised in comparison to the general population. : Single-center, cross-sectional, case-control study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4158/EP-2018-0617DOI Listing

Fertility-related experiences after breast cancer diagnosis in the Sister and Two Sister Studies.

Cancer 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of Epidemiology, UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Background: Commonly used chemotherapies can be toxic to the ovaries. To the authors' knowledge, the majority of studies evaluating receipt of fertility counseling for women in their reproductive years have been performed in specific settings, thereby limiting generalizability.

Methods: A nationwide sample of US women diagnosed with breast cancer before age 45 years completed a survey assessing the prevalence of fertility counseling. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/cncr.32126
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.32126DOI Listing
April 2019
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Effect of Addition of an Intimate Partner Violence Intervention to a Nurse Home Visitation Program on Maternal Quality of Life: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA 2019 Apr;321(16):1576-1585

Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence, and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Importance: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health problem with significant adverse consequences for women and children. Past evaluations of a nurse home visitation program for pregnant women and first-time mothers experiencing social and economic disadvantage have not consistently shown reductions in IPV.

Objective: To determine the effect on maternal quality of life of a nurse home visitation program augmented by an IPV intervention, compared with the nurse home visitation program alone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2019.3211DOI Listing

A Clinical Care Monitoring and Data Collection Tool (H3 Tracker) to Assess Uptake and Engagement in Mental Health Care Services in a Community-Based Pediatric Integrated Care Model: Longitudinal Cohort Study.

JMIR Ment Health 2019 Apr 23;6(4):e12358. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Center for Health Services and Society, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California - Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, United States.

Background: National recommendations for pediatric integrated care models include improved capacity for care coordination and communication across primary care and specialty mental health providers using technology, yet few practical, short-term solutions are available for low-resource, community-based pediatric integrated care clinics.

Objective: The goal of the paper is to describe the development and features of a Web-based tool designed for program evaluation and clinician monitoring of embedded pediatric mental health care using a community-partnered approach. In addition, a longitudinal study design was used to assess the implementation of the tool in program evaluation, including clinical monitoring and data collection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/12358DOI Listing

Obesity, Brain Volume, and White Matter Microstructure at MRI: A Cross-sectional UK Biobank Study.

Radiology 2019 Apr 23:181012. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

From the Department of Radiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Albinusdreef 2, 2333 ZA, Leiden, the Netherlands (I.A.D., H.J.L.); Department of Complex Trait Genetics, Center for Neurogenomics and Cognitive Research, Amsterdam Neuroscience, VU University, Amsterdam, the Netherlands (P.R.J.); and Departments of Radiology and Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands (P.R.J.).

Background Obesity has been associated with increased risk of accelerated cognitive decline and dementia, which suggests underlying neurobiological changes. Purpose To investigate the associations between obesity and brain structure (overall and regional brain volumes, and white matter microstructure) assessed at MRI in a sample of the general population. Materials and Methods Between March 2014 and January 2018, 12 087 participants (52. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2019181012DOI Listing

Interrater Reliability of the Pediatric Neuromuscular Recovery Scale in Children with Spina Bifida.

Dev Neurorehabil 2019 Apr 23:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

a University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences , Austin , TX , USA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the interrater reliability of the Pediatric Neuromuscular Recovery Scale (Peds NRS) to classify motor capacity in children with myelomeningocele (MMC) form of spina bifida.

Methods: Twenty-one children with MMC (1.5-10 years of age) were each scored on the Peds NRS three times: two live testing sessions and one video recorded session. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17518423.2019.1604581DOI Listing

The language and communication attributes of graphic symbol communication aids - a systematic review and narrative synthesis.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2019 Apr 23:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

a Faculty of Health, Psychology and Social Care , Manchester Metropolitan University , Manchester , UK.

Background: Symbol communication aids are used by children with little or no intelligible speech as an Augmentative and Alternative Communication strategy. Graphic symbols are used to help support understanding of language and used in symbol communication aids to support expressive communication. The decision making related to the selection of a symbol communication aid for a child is poorly understood and little is known about what language and communication attributes are considered in this selection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2019.1604828DOI Listing

A study on the effect of nutrient intake on the body mass index of mothers of children with food allergies.

Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of Pediatrics, Osaka Prefecture Medical Center for Respiratory and Allergic Diseases, 3-7-1, Habikino, Habikino, Osaka Prefecture, 583-8588, Japan.

Background: No previous studies have reported the effect of the presence of children with food allergies (FAs) on the diet and body mass index (BMI) of mothers. Therefore, we conducted a dietary survey and considered nutrients that influenced BMI of mothers.

Objective: Subjects included 554 mothers-305 mothers of children with FAs (FA mothers; aged 38. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12932/AP-260718-0377DOI Listing

Changing Healthcare Provider and Parent Behaviors in the Pediatric Post-Anesthesia-Care-Unit to Reduce Child Pain: Nurse and Parent Training in Postoperative Stress (NP-TIPS).

Paediatr Anaesth 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

University of California, Irvine Center on Stress and Health, Orange, USA.

Background: Children who undergo surgery experience significant pain in the post anesthesia care unit. Nurse and parent behaviors in the post anesthesia care unit directly impact child postoperative pain. Therefore, we have developed and evaluated (Phase 1) and then tested (Phase 2) the feasibility of a new intervention (Nurse and Parent Training in Postoperative Stress) to alter parent and nurse behaviors in a way consistent with reducing child postoperative pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pan.13649DOI Listing

Evaluation of the indirect and IgM-capture anti-human cytomegalovirus (CMV) IgM ELISA methods as confirmed by CMV IgG avidity.

Microbiol Immunol 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of Microbiology, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima.

Primary cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection during pregnancy often results in congenital CMV infection with severe clinical complications. IgM antibodies are one of the indices of primary infection. IgG avidity index (AI) is also known to remain low for 3 months from primary infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1348-0421.12683DOI Listing

Montgomery and changes to the process of consent: debate required.

Authors:
John Watts

Br J Psychiatry 2019 May;214(5):307

Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist,South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust,UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.2019.67DOI Listing

#BJPsych and social media - likes, followers and leading?

Br J Psychiatry 2019 May;214(5):245-247

Consultant Psychiatrist,Clinical Director,Oxleas National Health Service Foundation Trust; and Senior Lecturer,King's College London,UK.

SummaryThis article explores the growing interface between social media and academic publishing. We discuss how the British Journal of Psychiatry (BJPsych) and other scientific journals are engaging with social media to communicate in a digital world. A growing body of evidence suggests that public visibility and constructive conversation on social media networks can be beneficial for researchers and clinicians, influencing research in a number of key ways. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.2019.6DOI Listing

Russian lesbian mothers: Between "traditional values" and human rights.

Authors:
Alisa Zhabenko

J Lesbian Stud 2019 Apr 23:1-15. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

a Gender Studies, , University of Helsinki , Helsinki , Finland.

Contemporary Russian state ideology has turned towards instituting "traditional family values," an official turn that increased legal and social discrimination against queer families. The concept of "traditional family values" in the contemporary Russian state discourse refers to the "naturalness" of the heterosexual family, consisting of two parents and their biological offspring. This discourse eliminates the possibility of public lesbian parenting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10894160.2019.1598207DOI Listing

Refinement of the Child Amblyopia Treatment Questionnaire (CAT-QoL) using Rasch analysis.

Authors:
Jill Carlton

Strabismus 2019 Apr 23:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

a School of Health and Related Research, HEDS, ScHARR , University of Sheffield , Sheffield.

Aims or Purpose: The Child Amblyopia Treatment Questionnaire (CAT-QoL) was developed using a "bottom-up" methodological approach. Interviews with children with amblyopia identified items (questions) and response levels to be tested in a draft questionnaire consisting of 11 items (sad, feeling on face, hurt, doing schoolwork, cross, how other children treat you, doing things, worried, upset with family, playing with friends, happy). This study describes the refinement of the descriptive system for the CAT-QoL instrument using the application of Rasch analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2019.1601743DOI Listing

Attachment security is associated with the experience of specific positive emotions in middle childhood.

Attach Hum Dev 2019 Apr 23:1-13. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

a Department of Psychological Sciences , Kent State University , Kent , OH , USA.

Adaptive emotion expression characterizes secure parent-child relationships in which children rely on attachment figures for secure base and safe haven support. We hypothesized that more securely attached children would report experiencing greater positive emotion. Children (N=92; M=11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2019.1604775DOI Listing

Insights and Recommendations From Parents Receiving a Diagnosis of Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis for Their Child.

J Child Neurol 2019 Apr 23:883073819842420. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

1 Central Michigan University College of Medicine, Mount Pleasant, MI, USA.

Forty-two parents of 41 children reported on their experiences receiving a diagnosis of pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis for their child through semistructured phone interviews. Time to diagnosis ranged from 8 hours to 16 years, with the mean age at diagnosis of 13.7 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0883073819842420DOI Listing

Sleepwalking and Sleep Paralysis: Prevalence in Colombian Families With Genetic Generalized Epilepsy.

J Child Neurol 2019 Apr 23:883073819842422. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

1 Grupo Mapeo Genético, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellin-Colombia.

Background: Sleep deprivation commonly increases seizure frequency in patients with genetic generalized epilepsy, though it is unknown whether there is an increased prevalence of sleepwalking or sleep paralysis in genetic generalized epilepsy patients. Establishing this could provide insights into the bio-mechanisms or genetic architecture of both disorders. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of sleepwalking and sleep paralysis in a cohort of patients with genetic generalized epilepsy and their relatives in extended families. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0883073819842422DOI Listing

Clinical Characteristics of Patients With Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorders With Early Onset.

J Child Neurol 2019 Apr 23:883073819842421. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

2 Department of Neurology, University Hospital Getulio Vargas, Manaus, AM, Brazil.

Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder is a severe and disabling disease that manifests with severe relapses of optic neuritis, longitudinally extensive myelitis, and/or brainstem syndromes. The disease is complex and, although onset typically occurs in middle age, children and adolescents may be affected. The present study adds to the literature through detailed clinical data from 36 Brazilian patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder starting before age 21. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0883073819842421
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0883073819842421DOI Listing
April 2019
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Abnormal Metabolic Phenotypes Among Urban Chinese Children: Epidemiology and the Impact of DXA-Measured Body Composition.

Obesity (Silver Spring) 2019 May;27(5):837-844

Department of Epidemiology, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing, China.

Objective: This study aimed to describe the prevalence rates of abnormal metabolic phenotypes among urban Chinese children and to explore the impact of body composition as measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) on metabolic disorders.

Methods: A total of 7,926 children aged 6 to 17 years from seven cities across China were involved. Metabolically unhealthy was defined as having ≥ 2 risk factors (elevated blood pressure, high triglyceride levels, low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and impaired fasting glucose [IFG]). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.22426DOI Listing

Pathogen acquisition in patients with cystic fibrosis receiving ivacaftor or lumacaftor/ivacaftor.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Stead Family Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa.

Background: The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) modulators ivacaftor and lumacaftor/ivacaftor improve the status of existing infections in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). It is unknown how well these drugs protect patients against incident infections. We hypothesized that CFTR modulator treatment would decrease new infections with Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Staphylococcus aureus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24341DOI Listing

Associations between breastfeeding rates and infant disease: A survey of 2338 Czech children.

Nutr Diet 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Czech Republic.

Aim: Evidence has demonstrated that breastfeeding is the optimal nutrition for infants. The present study aims to report possible associations of the duration of full or partial breastfeeding with selected health outcomes during infancy.

Methods: Data from 2304 mothers were obtained by online mother-reported questionnaires at the age of 1 year of the child, providing information on full and partial breastfeeding durations, the frequency of infant upper respiratory tract infections and possible antibiotics use, and the occurrence of allergic diseases. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1747-0080.12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1747-0080.12532DOI Listing
April 2019
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Success of chemotherapy and a liver transplant in a pediatric patient with hepatic angiosarcoma: A case report.

Pediatr Transplant 2019 Apr 23:e13410. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Liver Transplant Program, University of Minnesota Masonic Children's Hospital, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Hepatic angiosarcoma is an extremely rare diagnosis in children, with fewer than 50 pediatric cases reported in the literature worldwide. This aggressive vascular sarcoma carries a very dismal prognosis and is known to be resistant to radiation, chemotherapy, and other vascular-targeted agents. Complete surgical resection is felt to provide the best chance for long-term survival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/petr.13410DOI Listing

Paternal Support and Involvement in Unmarried Fragile Families: Impacts on Long-Term Maternal Mental Health.

Fam Process 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Human Development and Family Science, University of Georgia, Athens, GA.

Fragile families are defined as those that include unmarried or romantically unstable parents who have children and are socioeconomically disadvantaged. Mothers in fragile families may experience risk factors that lead to increased depressive symptoms that inhibit their ability to bounce back after stressful events. Risk factors for poorer maternal mental health may include declines in father involvement and a lack of coparenting support. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/famp.12456DOI Listing

Time Spent Gaming and Social Competence in Children: Reciprocal Effects Across Childhood.

Child Dev 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Norwegian University of Science and Technology.

Electronic games are popular and many children spend much time on this activity. Here we investigate whether the quantity of time children spend on gaming is related to their social development, making this the first study to examine this relationship in children. We examine prospective relations between time spent gaming and social competence in a community sample of Norwegian 6 year olds (n = 873) followed up at ages 8, 10, and 12, controlling for socioeconomic status, body mass index, and time spent gaming together with friends. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13243DOI Listing

Habit2: A stand-alone software solution for presenting stimuli and recording infant looking times in order to study infant development.

Behav Res Methods 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Child Development, University of California, Sacramento, CA, USA.

Many aspects of infant development are assessed using infant looking times to visual and audiovisual stimuli. In this article, we describe a stand-alone software package that allows simultaneous stimulus presentation to infants and recording of their looking times via a keypress by a human observer. The software was developed to run both on 64-bit Intel-based Macs running Mac OS/X 10. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.3758/s13428-019-01244-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13428-019-01244-yDOI Listing
April 2019
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Understanding Women's Responses to Sexual Pain After Female Genital Cutting: An Integrative Psychological Pain Response Model.

Arch Sex Behav 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Program in Human Sexuality, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota Medical School, 1300 South Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN, 55454, USA.

The World Health Organization estimates that over 200 million women and girls have experienced female genital cutting (FGC). Many women and girls who have undergone FGC have migrated to areas of the world where providers are unfamiliar with the health needs associated with FGC. Both providers in Western healthcare systems and female immigrant and refugee patients report communication difficulties leading to distrust of providers by women who have experienced FGC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-019-1422-9DOI Listing

Aging with multiple sclerosis: prevalence and profile of cognitive impairment.

Neurol Sci 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department NEUROFARBA, Section Neurosciences, University of Florence, Largo Brambilla 3, 50134, Florence, Italy.

Background: The increase in life expectancy of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) requires a better knowledge of disease features in the older patients group.

Objective: To describe the prevalence and profile of cognitive impairment (CI) in older patients with MS and perform a comparison with younger patients.

Methods: Patients were consecutively recruited for 6 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-019-03875-7DOI Listing

Biotechnological application of endophytic filamentous bipolaris and curvularia: a review on bioeconomy impact.

World J Microbiol Biotechnol 2019 Apr 22;35(5):69. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Institute of Child Health, Kolkata, West Bengal, 700017, India.

The filamentous Bipolaris and Curvularia genera consist of species known to cause severe diseases in plants and animals amounting to an estimated annual loss of USD $10 billion worldwide. Despite the harmful effect of Bipolaris and Curvularia species, scarce attention is paid on beneficial areas where the fungi are used in industrial processes to generate biotechnological products. Catalytic potential of Bipolaris and Curvularia species in the production of biodiesel, bioflucculant, biosorbent, and mycoherbicide are promising for the bioeconomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11274-019-2644-7DOI Listing

Treatment guidelines for persistent cloaca, cloacal exstrophy, and Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Häuser syndrome for the appropriate transitional care of patients.

Surg Today 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Research Team for the Establishment of Treatment Guidelines for Persistent Cloaca, Cloacal Exstrophy and Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Häuser Syndrome for the Proper Transitional Care of the Patients, The Research Project for Rare and Intractable Diseases of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW), Tokyo, Japan.

We developed treatment guidelines (TGs) for appropriate transitional care of the genitourinary system in patients with persistent cloaca (PC), cloacal exstrophy (CE), or Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Häuser syndrome (MRKH). These TGs are in accordance with the Medical Information Network Distribution Service (Minds), published in 2014 in Japan. Clinical questions (CQs) concerning treatment outcomes of the genitourinary system, pregnancy and delivery, and quality of life in adulthood were prepared as six themes for PC and CE and five themes for MRKH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00595-019-01810-zDOI Listing

Qualitative and quantitative variations in liver function thresholds among clinical trials in cancer: a need for harmonization.

Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Division of Hematology-Oncology, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA, 02111, USA.

Purpose: The liver is critically involved in drug metabolism pathways and the potential for hepatic toxicity is significant with specific cancer therapeutics. Variations in the definition of liver function thresholds that may generate heterogeneity of toxicity and efficacy outcomes across therapeutics trials in cancer require assessment.

Methods: A random sample of therapeutic trials in cancer (n = 500, general category), trials using hepatotoxic drugs (abiraterone, pazopanib: n = 181), trials using drugs metabolized by the liver (doxorubicin, vincristine: n = 606), and therapeutic trials in hepatic dysfunction (n = 49) were each identified on clinicaltrials. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00280-019-03821-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00280-019-03821-6DOI Listing
April 2019
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In vivo high-resolution diffusion tensor imaging of the developing neonatal rat cortex and its relationship to glial and dendritic maturation.

Brain Struct Funct 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Radiology, New York University School of Medicine, 660 First Avenue, Room 207, New York, NY, 10016, USA.

Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is increasingly utilized as a sensitive tool for studying brain maturation and injuries during the neonatal period. In this study, we acquired high resolution in vivo DTI data from neonatal rat brains from postnatal day 2 (P2) to P10 and correlated temporal changes in DTI derived markers with microstructural organization of glia, axons, and dendrites during this critical period of brain development. Group average images showed dramatic temporal changes in brain morphology, fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00429-019-01878-wDOI Listing

Liver stiffness and thrombin generation in compensated cirrhosis.

Res Pract Thromb Haemost 2019 Apr 28;3(2):291-297. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Hepatology Mater Misericordiae University Hospital Dublin Ireland.

Background: Decompensated cirrhosis is associated with coagulation abnormalities that can increase the risk of thrombosis and bleeding. It is unclear precisely when these abnormalities arise and whether they are exacerbated as compensated cirrhosis progresses. Transient elastography using FibroScan generates liver stiffness measurements (LSM) that associate with portal hypertension, clinical outcomes and provides prognostic information at an earlier stage than traditional liver function scores eg, MELD score. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/rth2.12173
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rth2.12173DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6462746PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Official communication of the SSC: Recommendations for future research in catheter-related arterial thrombosis in children.

Res Pract Thromb Haemost 2019 Apr 15;3(2):193-196. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

All Children's Research Institute and Pediatric Thrombosis Program Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital St. Petersburg Florida.

Catheter-related arterial thrombosis (CAT) are increasingly recognized in infants and children. Insufficient data are available on the incidence, risk factors, treatment and outcome of these thrombotic events. This work provides consensus recommendations for future research on catheter-related arterial thrombosis in the paediatric population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rth2.12179DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6462752PMC

Impact of an Australian state-wide active travel campaign targeting primary schools.

Prev Med Rep 2019 Jun 5;14:100866. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Deakin University, Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Geelong, Australia.

Active travel can have health and environmental benefits. This study evaluated the impact of a month-long (October 2015) campaign encouraging primary school children in Victoria, Australia to engage in active school travel. With support from local councils, schools participated in the campaign by monitoring active school travel and delivering promotional activities. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22113355193005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.100866DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6462773PMC
June 2019
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Predicting the Relationship Between Breastfeeding and Gross Motor Milestones Development: The Practice and Prevalence of Breastfeeding in Metropolitan Areas of Sindh, Pakistan.

Cureus 2019 Feb 8;11(2):e4039. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Medical Education and Simulation, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, PAK.

Objective Breastfeeding is known to be beneficial for the health of both the child and the mother. The primary aim of this study is to assess the effect of lactation on the development of gross motor milestones. The evaluation of breastfeeding practices and the frequency of lactation among mothers living in the urban city of Karachi, Pakistan, is the secondary aim of this study so that interventions can be made to improve breastfeeding practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.4039DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456361PMC
February 2019
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Dynamic Profile of CD4 T-Cell-Associated Cytokines/Chemokines following Murine Myocardial Infarction/Reperfusion.

Mediators Inflamm 2019 18;2019:9483647. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Research Center for Translational Medicine, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China.

CD4 T-cells play crucial roles in the injured heart. However, the way in which different CD4 T subtypes function in the myocardial infarction/reperfusion (MI/R) heart is still poorly understood. We aimed to detect the dynamic profile of distinct CD4 subpopulation-associated cytokines/chemokines by relying on a closed-chest acute murine MI/R model. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/mi/2019/9483647/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9483647DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6442492PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Multidimensionality in the Measurement of Math-Specific Anxiety and its Relationship with Mathematical Performance.

Learn Individ Differ 2019 Feb 19;70:228-235. Epub 2016 Jul 19.

Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA, 43201.

Traditionally, mathematical anxiety has been utilized as a unidimensional construct. However, math-specific anxiety may have distinguishable factors, and taking these factors into account may better illuminate the relationship between anxiety and mathematics performance. Drawing from the Western Reserve Reading and Math Project (N = 244 children, mean age = 12. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2016.07.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6474340PMC
February 2019

Chronic Malnutrition Among Under Five Children of Ethiopia May Not Be Economic. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Ethiop J Health Sci 2019 Mar;29(2):265-277

Department of Population and Family Health, Institute of Health Sciences, Jimma University.

Background: Ethiopia is one of the four low income countries in achieving MDG4, however, minimizing child undernutrition became critical undertaking thus far. This review aimed at identifying the predictors of under-5 children nutrition in Ethiopia.

Methods: Databases searched were Med Line, HINARY, MedNar and Embase. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ejhs.v29i2.14DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460457PMC

Equality Analysis of Main Health Indicators among Children under 5 Years in Uganda.

Ethiop J Health Sci 2019 Mar;29(2):215-222

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences-International Campus, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Inequality in the access to health services is a major cause of health problemsamong children under five old. The aim of this analysis is to measure the inequality among children under-5 years in relation to main health indicators in Uganda.

Methods: Main child health indicators data in Uganda were obtained from WHO inequity data set for the years 1995, 2000, 2001 and 2011. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ejhs.v29i2.8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460442PMC

Congenital Cardiovascular Anomalies among Cases of Down Syndrome: A Hospital Based Review of Cases in TikurAnbessa Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia.

Ethiop J Health Sci 2019 Mar;29(2):165-174

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.

Background: In developing countries, infants with Down syndrome and cardiac defect are at increased risk of dying. Congenital heart diseases occur in 40-50% of affected infants. Endocardial cushion defect accounts for the most. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ejhs.v29i2.3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460451PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Magnitude and Factors Associated with Optimal Complementary Feeding Practices among Children Aged 6-23 Months in Bensa District, Sidama Zone, South Ethiopia.

Ethiop J Health Sci 2019 Mar;29(2):153-164

College of Medicine and Health sciences, Department of midwifery, Hawassa University, hawassa, Ethiopia.

Background: Prevalence of optimal complementary feeding practices are lower than expected. Undernutrition contributes 35% of children mortality. Our study was aimed to assess magnitude and factors associated with optimal complementary feeding practices among children 6-23 months in Bensa Dstrict, Sidama Zone, South Ethiopia, 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ejhs.v29i2.2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460456PMC
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