1,989,024 results match your criteria Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse [Journal]


Adaptive behaviour and quality of life in school-age children with congenital visual disorders and different levels of visual impairment.

Res Dev Disabil 2018 Dec 14;85:154-162. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Developmental Neurosciences Programme, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London, UK; Neurodisability Service, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, UK.

Background: Adaptive behaviours are vital skills that allow individuals to function independently and are potentially amenable to behavioural interventions. Previous research indicated that adaptive behaviours are reduced in children and adolescents with severe to profound VI, but it was unclear if this was also the case for children with mild to moderate VI.

Aim: The aim of the study was to assess differences in adaptive behaviour in children with congenital visual disorders and different levels of visual impairment and their influence on quality of life and everyday strengths and difficulties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2018.12.003DOI Listing
December 2018
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Association between exposure to a mixture of phenols, pesticides, and phthalates and obesity: Comparison of three statistical models.

Environ Int 2018 Dec 14;123:325-336. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Center for Global Health, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 211166, China; Key Laboratory of Modern Toxicology of Ministry of Education, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211166, China. Electronic address:

Background: The evaluation of the chemical impact on human health is usually constrained to the analysis of the health effects of exposure to a single chemical or a group of similar chemicals at one time. The effects of chemical mixtures are seldom analyzed. In this study, we applied three statistical models to assess the association between the exposure to a mixture of seven xenobiotics (three phthalate metabolites, two phenols, and two pesticides) and obesity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.11.076DOI Listing
December 2018

Variations in repeated serum concentrations of UV filters, phthalates, phenols and parabens during pregnancy.

Environ Int 2018 Dec 14;123:318-324. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Growth and Reproduction and EDMaRC, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Biobank serum samples from longitudinal mother-child cohorts have been used to estimate prenatal exposures to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). However, the knowledge about variations in serum concentrations of non-persistent chemicals during pregnancy is limited.

Objective: To describe the within- and between-person variations in serum concentrations of non-persistent chemicals and changes over trimesters, including phthalate metabolites, parabens, phenols, and UV filters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.11.047DOI Listing
December 2018

Development and Validation of a Scoring System That Includes Corrected QT Interval For Risk Analysis of Patients With Cirrhosis and Gastrointestinal Bleeding.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Semeiotica Medica, Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche, Alma Mater Studiorum - University of Bologna, Via Massarenti 9, 40128, Bologna, Italy. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: The electrocardiographic QT interval is frequently prolonged in patients with cirrhosis. Acute gastrointestinal bleeding further prolongs corrected QT (QTc) in patients with cirrhosis, which has been associated with increased risk of death within 6 weeks. We aimed to confirm these findings and develop a mortality risk index that incorporates QTc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cgh.2018.12.006DOI Listing
December 2018

Ambient ozone exposure and depressive symptoms in adolescents: Results of the GINIplus and LISA birth cohorts.

Environ Res 2018 Dec 7;170:73-81. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Institute and Clinic for Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich; Comprehensive Pneumology Center (CPC) Munich, member DZL, German Center for Lung Research, Munich, Germany; Institute of Epidemiology, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany; Allergy and Lung Health Unit, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Depression has been associated with air pollution, as reported by animal and epidemiological studies. However, the relationship between ozone exposure and depression, especially among adolescents, is scarcely investigated.

Objectives: The study aimed to analyze associations between ozone exposure and depressive symptoms among German adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.12.014DOI Listing
December 2018
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Effects of ALAD genotype on the relationship between lead exposure and anthropometry in a Cohort of Mexican children.

Environ Res 2018 Dec 5;170:65-72. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, School of Public Health and Health Professions, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: Lead exposure is associated with children's growth, but this relationship may depend on the presence of susceptibility factors, including genetic variation. Blood lead levels (BLL) differ by ALAD (aminolevulinic acid dehydratase) genotype. We investigated the association between BLL and growth in Mexican first-graders with different ALAD genotypes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.12.003DOI Listing
December 2018

A systematic literature review and critical appraisal of epidemiological studies on outdoor air pollution and tuberculosis outcomes.

Environ Res 2018 Dec 7;170:33-45. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Queensland, Herston, Australia; Centre for Air Pollution, Energy and Health Research, Glebe, NSW, Australia.

Ambient air pollution is the leading environmental risk factor for disease globally. Air pollutants can increase the risk of some respiratory infections, but their effects on tuberculosis (TB) are unclear. In this systematic literature review, we aimed to assess epidemiological studies on the association between outdoor air pollutants and TB incidence, hospital admissions and death (collectively referred to here as 'TB outcomes'). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.12.011DOI Listing
December 2018

A tale of two steroids: the importance of the androgens DHEA and DHEAS for early neurodevelopment.

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

School of Health & Biomedical Sciences, RMIT University - Bundoora Campus, Melbourne, 3083, Australia. Electronic address:

DHEA and DHEAS are neuroactive neurosteroids that interact with several major receptor system in the brain, including sigma (σ), glutamate, and GABA-A receptors. It has been recognized as early as 1952, that the loss of DHEA/DHEAS in adult life is associated with neuropsychiatric disorders (eg schizophrenia, depression). However, the mechanistic role for DHEA/DHEAS in any of these domains remains speculative, not the least because the presence of these androgens in the adrenal gland and brain is largely confined to humans and only some non-human primates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsbmb.2018.12.007DOI Listing
December 2018

Familial episodic limb pain in kindreds with novel Nav1.9 mutations.

PLoS One 2018 17;13(12):e0208516. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Health and Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

We previously performed genetic analysis in six unrelated families with infantile limb pain episodes, characterized by cold-induced deterioration and mitigation in adolescence, and reported two new mutations p.R222H/S in SCN11A responsible for these episodes. As no term described this syndrome (familial episodic pain: FEP) in Japanese, we named it as". Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0208516PLOS
December 2018
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The courses of maternal and paternal depressive and anxiety symptoms during the prenatal period in the FinnBrain Birth Cohort study.

PLoS One 2018 17;13(12):e0207856. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

University of Turku, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Turku Brain and Mind Center, FinnBrain Birth Cohort Study, Turku, Finland.

Maternal prenatal symptoms of depression and anxiety have been suggested to impose differential effects on later offspring development, depending on their characteristics, such as timing, intensity and persistence. Paternal symptoms have been less investigated. While knowledge on these trajectory characteristics is essential for improved comprehension of prenatal stress, prospective studies including both expecting parents have been scarce. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0207856PLOS
December 2018

Commentary on "Adapted Dance Improves Motor Abilities and Participation in Children With Down Syndrome: A Pilot Study".

Pediatr Phys Ther 2019 01;31(1):83

Primary Children's Hospital Salt Lake City, Utah Mother of a child with Down syndrome Layton, Utah.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEP.0000000000000571DOI Listing
January 2019

Characteristics of Emergency Department Presentations of Pediatric Poisoning Between 2011 and 2016: A Retrospective Observational Study in South Korea.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

From the Department of Emergency Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, South Korea.

Objectives: Pediatric poisoning represents a major preventable cause of morbidity. The epidemiology of pediatric poisoning differs by country and region. This study aimed to characterize pediatric poisoning in South Korea over the last 6 years and to discuss current regulations related to the causative agents involved in pediatric poisoning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001668DOI Listing
December 2018
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Towards UNAIDS Fast-Track goals: targeting priority geographic areas for HIV prevention and care in Zimbabwe.

AIDS 2019 Feb;33(2):305-314

Department of Public Health Medicine, School of Nursing and Public Health, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Introduction: Zimbabwe has made substantial progress towards the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) targets of 90-90-90 by 2020, with 73% of people living with HIV diagnosed, 87% of those diagnosed on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and 86% of those on ART virally suppressed. Despite this exceptional response, more effort is needed to completely achieve the UNAIDS targets. Here, we conducted a detailed spatial analysis of the geographical structure of the HIV epidemic in Zimbabwe to include geographical prioritization as a key component of their overall HIV intervention strategy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0000000000002052DOI Listing
February 2019

Monitoring Nonlinear Dynamics of Change in a Single Case of Psychodynamic Play Therapy.

Nonlinear Dynamics Psychol Life Sci 2019 Jan;23(1):113-135

Sapienza University of Rome, Italy and NCU Italian University, London, UK.

A systematic single case study with a mixed quantitative and qualitative methodology was conducted to investigate the nonlinear dynamics of change in play profiles of a child in psychodynamic play therapy. The first aim of the study was to cluster the different features of play characteristics (i.e. Read More

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January 2019
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Potential therapeutics for antiphospholipid antibody associated thrombocytopenia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Mod Rheumatol 2018 Dec 17:1-21. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

a Department of Rheumatology, Nephrology and Endocrinology, Faculty of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine , Hokkaido University , Sapporo , Japan.

Objectives: Thrombocytopenia is frequently observed in antiphospholipid antibody (aPL) carriers. Due to the paradoxical risks of thrombosis and hemorrhage, the management of aPL-associated thrombocytopenia (APAT) is often deductive. We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of therapeutic approaches for APAT through a systematic review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14397595.2018.1558934DOI Listing
December 2018

Risk and protective factors associated with depressive symptoms in young adults with overweight and obesity.

J Am Coll Health 2018 Dec 17:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

a Department of Psychology , University of Memphis , Memphis , TN , USA.

Objective: Approximately one-third of college students are categorized as overweight/obese and elevated weight has been associated with increased risk of depressive symptoms. Less is known about protective factors in this context. This study examined associations between depressive symptoms and health behaviors, as well as body image variables among college students with overweight/obesity, while accounting for contributions of BMI and demographics. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07448481.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2018.1536057DOI Listing
December 2018
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Use of proton pump inhibitors among Danish children: a 16-year register-based nationwide study.

Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacy, Department of Public Health, University of Southern, Denmark.

Objectives: Proton pump inhibitors (PPI) are among the most frequently used drugs in the developed countries. In recent years, their use among children and adolescents has been on the increase. Guidelines recommend use for a period no longer than 4-8 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bcpt.13191DOI Listing
December 2018

The efficacy and safety of fluticasone salmeterol compared to fluticasone in children younger than four years of age.

Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Clinical Operations Department, GlaxoSmithKline K.K, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Fluticasone propionate 50 μg/salmeterol xinafoate 25 μg (FP/SAL) is widely used in adults and children with asthma but there is sparse information on its use in very young children.

Methods: This was a randomised, double-blind, multi-centre, controlled trial conducted in children aged 8 months to 4 years. During a 2-week run in period they all received FP twice daily. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pai.13010DOI Listing
December 2018

Distal nerve transfer from the median nerve lumbrical fibers to the distal ulnar nerve motor branches in the palm: An anatomical cadaveric study.

Microsurgery 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

University of Turin School of Medicine, Clinical & Biological Sciences, Turin, Italy.

Background: The aim of the current study is to investigate the first and second lumbrical nerves as potential fibers donors to the deep motor branch of the ulnar nerve to avoid intrinsic atrophy in high ulnar nerve injuries.

Methods: Sixteen fresh frozen cadaveric hands were dissected, the radial lumbrical nerves accessed, and a coaptation, either in reverse end-to-side or in double end-to-side through a bridge nerve graft, was created to the deep motor branch of ulnar nerve. Semithin sections were taken from samples of donor and recipient nerves for qualitative (nerve architecture) and quantitative studies (fiber count and donor/recipient ratio). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/micr.30402DOI Listing
December 2018

Association of Friday School Report Card Release With Saturday Incidence Rates of Agency-Verified Physical Child Abuse.

JAMA Pediatr 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Division of Child Protection and Forensic Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Florida, Jacksonville.

Importance: Corporal punishment is a leading risk factor for physical abuse. Strong anecdotal evidence from physicians and other professionals working in child protection suggest that punishment-initiated physical abuse for school-aged children increases after release of report cards. However, no empirical examination of this association has occurred. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4346DOI Listing
December 2018

Potential Benefits of Migraine-What Is It Good For?

JAMA Neurol 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Division of Headache, Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaneurol.2018.3442DOI Listing
December 2018

Gender-related differences in cue-elicited cravings in Internet gaming disorder: The effects of deprivation.

J Behav Addict 2018 Dec 17:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

5 Department of Psychiatry and Neurobiology, Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine , New Haven, CT, USA.

Background: Online gaming has become a popular leisure activity, in which males more frequently develop Internet gaming disorder (IGD) compared to females. However, gender-related neurocognitive differences have largely not been systematically investigated in IGD.

Methods: Cue-elicited-craving tasks were performed before game playing and immediately after deprivation operationalized as a forced break from gaming when the Internet was disconnected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/2006.7.2018.118DOI Listing
December 2018

[So-called "difficult children" urgently needed their own medical association: the history of the introduction of the specialist title of "child and youth psychiatry" in Germany in 1968].

Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother 2018 Oct 17:1-10. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

1 Klinik für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie/Psychotherapie, Universitätsklinik Ulm.

So-called "difficult children" urgently needed their own medical association: the history of the introduction of the specialist title of "child and youth psychiatry" in Germany in 1968 Abstract. In post-war Germany, child psychiatry (CP) was not an independent discipline but part of adult psychiatry/neurology. The primary goal of adult psychiatrists of the day was to maintain power in all areas dealing with nervous diseases and their treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/1422-4917/a000634DOI Listing
October 2018

Future Directions in the Study and Treatment of Parent-Child Separation.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2018 Dec 17:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

a Department of Psychology and Human Development , Vanderbilt University.

Children require adult caregivers to survive and thrive. In the absence of committed and nurturing care, children face increased risk for a number of difficulties, including internalizing and externalizing psychopathology, cognitive and language deficits, and social difficulties. Recent changes in the U. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15374416.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1534209DOI Listing
December 2018
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I see what you meant to say: Anticipating speech errors during online sentence processing.

J Exp Psychol Gen 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis.

Everyday speech is rife with errors and disfluencies, yet processing what we hear usually feels effortless. How does the language comprehension system accomplish such an impressive feat? The current experiment tests the hypothesis that listeners draw on relevant contextual and linguistic cues to anticipate speech errors and mentally correct them, even before receiving an explicit correction from the speaker. In the current visual-world eye-tracking experiment, we monitored participants' eye movements to objects in a display while they listened to utterances containing reparandum-repair speech errors (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/xge0000544DOI Listing
December 2018

Hypothyroidism in Young Children Following Exposure to Iodinated Contrast Media: An Observational Study and a Review of the Literature.

Pediatr Endocrinol Rev 2018 Dec;16(2):256-265

Maccabi Healthcare Services, Tel Aviv, Israel and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

While it is well documented that exposure to iodinated contrast media (ICM) can interfere with thyroid function in adults, much less is known about the incidence and risk factors associated with ICM induced hypothyroidism in young children. Using a computerized database we identified 843 children who were exposed to ICM between 1998 and 2015. The incidence rate of ICM induced hypothyroidism per 1000 person-years was 9. Read More

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December 2018

Simultaneous determination of five phthalate esters and bisphenol A in milk by packed-nanofiber solid phase extraction coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

J Sep Sci 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Key Laboratory of Child Development and Learning Science (Ministry of Education), School of Biological Sciences & Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.

A novel polystyrene/pyridine composite nanofiber was synthesized and utilized as the sorbent material for solid phase extraction of bisphenol A and five common phthalate esters in milk. The method of extraction integrated extraction and pre-concentration of target analytes into a single step. Bisphenol A and five common phthalate esters were selected as target compounds for the development and evaluation of the method. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jssc.201800811
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201800811DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Proteomics in the Diagnosis of Endometriosis: Opportunities and Challenges.

Authors:
Simone Ferrero

Proteomics Clin Appl 2018 Dec 17:e1800183. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Prof. S. Ferrero, Prof. S. Ferrero Academic Unit of Obstetrics and Gynecology, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Largo R. Benzi 10, 16132, Genoa, Italy.

The non-surgical diagnosis of endometriosis is still challenging for the clinician. Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging can be used to diagnose ovarian endometriotic cysts and deep infiltrating endometriosis; but their performance is poor in the diagnosis of initial stages of endometriosis. CA-125 and other serum markers (such as CA 19-9, serum protein PP14, interleukins and angiogenetic factors) have been measured in women with endometriosis but they are not reliable for the diagnosis of the disease. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/prca.201800183
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/prca.201800183DOI Listing
December 2018
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Newborn screening for Prader-Willi syndrome is feasible: Early diagnosis for better outcomes.

Am J Med Genet A 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Genetics and Metabolism, University of California, Irvine, California.

Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), is a complex genetic disease affecting 1/15,000 individuals, characterized by lack of expression of genes on the paternal chromosome 15q11-q13 region. Clinical features include central hypotonia, poor suck, learning and behavior problems, growth hormone deficiency with short stature, hyperphagia, and morbid obesity. Despite significant advances in genetic testing, the mean age for diagnosis in PWS continues to lag behind. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ajmg.a.60681
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.60681DOI Listing
December 2018
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Systematic review of ganciclovir pharmacodynamics during the prevention of cytomegalovirus infection in adult solid organ transplant recipients.

Rev Med Virol 2018 Dec 17:e2023. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Serology and Virology Division, NSW Health Pathology, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) represents the most common infection among recipients of solid organ transplants (SOTs). Previous meta-analysis showed 0.8% of SOT recipients developed CMV disease whilst receiving valganciclovir (ValGCV) prophylaxis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rmv.2023DOI Listing
December 2018

Autism's existential crisis: a reflection on Livingston et al. (2018).

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2019 Jan;60(1):111-113

Yale Child Study Center, New Haven, CT, USA.

Livingston and colleagues present an empirical investigation of the compensatory framework describing the autism clinical phenotype as the sum of intrinsic neurocognitive deficits and compensatory mechanisms. This commentary highlights several methodologic features of the study that are pertinent to interpretation and reflects on the reduction of social behavior to cognitive processes. Taken together, the notion of compensation calls into question the validity and utility of the current behavioral diagnosis of autism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.12989DOI Listing
January 2019

Fly control to prevent diarrhoea in children.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 17;12:CD011654. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Division of Women and Child Health, Aga Khan University Hospital, Stadium Road, PO Box 3500, Karachi, Sind, Pakistan.

Background: Diarrhoeal disease accounts for millions of child deaths every year. Although the role of flies as vectors of infectious diarrhoea has been established, fly control is not often mentioned as an approach to decrease childhood diarrhoea. Theoretically, fly control for decreasing diarrhoea incidence can be achieved by intervening at four different levels: reduction or elimination of fly breeding sites; reduction of sources that attract houseflies; prevention of contact between flies and disease-causing organisms; and protection of people, food, and food utensils from contact with flies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD011654.pub2DOI Listing
December 2018

'If We Are to Believe the Psychologists …': Medicine, Psychoanalysis and Breastfeeding in Britain, 1900-55.

Authors:
Katharina Rowold

Med Hist 2019 Jan;63(1):61-81

In 1942, the British Minister of Health commissioned a report from the newly established Advisory Committee on Mothers and Young Children into 'What can be done to intensify the effort to secure more breast feeding of infants?'. To make their case, the members of the sub-committee put in charge of the report sought expert testimony on the benefits of breastfeeding. They consulted medical officers of health, maternity and child-welfare officers, health visitors, midwives, obstetricians, paediatricians and a physician in private practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/mdh.2018.63DOI Listing
January 2019

Trajectories of mother-child and father-child relationships across middle childhood and associations with depressive symptoms.

Dev Psychopathol 2018 Dec 17:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Human Sciences,Ohio State University,Columbus,OH,USA.

Using a family systems perspective, we examined the trajectories of father-child and mother-child closeness and conflict across Grades 1, 3, 4, 5, and 6, and their associations with child depressive symptoms across middle childhood among 685 families in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD). Father-child and mother-child relationship conflict increased, whereas relationship closeness decreased from Grades 1 to 6. Girls with more slowly increasing father-child conflict, and more slowly decreasing father-child closeness, were at lower risk for depressive symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579418000809DOI Listing
December 2018

Relationship Between Coping Strategies, Religious Attitude, and Optimism of Mothers of Children With Cancer.

J Transcult Nurs 2018 Dec 17:1043659618818714. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

2 Tokat Gaziosmanpaşa University, Tokat, Turkey.

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between coping strategies, religious attitude, and optimism of mothers of children with cancer.

Method: The sample was 97 mothers of children with cancer. To collect data, the Coping Strategy Questionnaire, Religious Attitude Scale, and Life Orientation were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1043659618818714DOI Listing
December 2018

Rumination Mediates the Relationship Between Negative Affect and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in Female Interpersonal Trauma Survivors.

J Interpers Violence 2018 Dec 17:886260518818434. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

3 University of Missouri-St. Louis, USA.

Prior research has identified both rumination and negative affect (NA) as dimensional constructs related to the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). While both dimensions demonstrate significant positive relationships with symptoms of PTSD, the relationship between the two within the context of the disorder has yet to be explored. Consistent with prior research in the social anxiety literature, the present study seeks to examine a model of mediation by which rumination accounts for the significant relationship between NA and PTSD symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260518818434DOI Listing
December 2018

Siblings of Young People With Cancer in NZ: Experiences That Positively and Negatively Support Well-Being.

J Pediatr Oncol Nurs 2018 Dec 17:1043454218819455. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

1 The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Siblings of young people with cancer experience significant distress and these effects often exist long after their sibling's treatment has successfully been completed. In New Zealand, many families must travel several hours to receive treatment, with some having to live away from home for extended periods which can create additional strains. We interviewed 10 siblings of pediatric cancer survivors drawn from a larger quantitative study, to investigate what made siblings' experiences more difficult and to find out what was helpful in supporting their adjustment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1043454218819455DOI Listing
December 2018

Bullying Victimization Among Peruvian Children: The Predictive Role of Parental Maltreatment.

J Interpers Violence 2018 Dec 17:886260518817780. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

1 Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE), Lima, Perú.

Bullying among schoolchildren is increasingly being recognized as a major problem. Although previous studies have examined parental maltreatment as a risk factor for bullying, the evidence on this topic remains limited in Latin America. The aim of this study was then to measure the prevalence of bullying victimization among a nationally representative sample of Peruvian children and to test the association between bullying victimization and parental maltreatment in Peru. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260518817780DOI Listing
December 2018

Acquisition of Early Developmental Milestones and Need for Special Education Services in Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis.

J Child Neurol 2018 Dec 17:883073818815041. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

19 Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center at New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Children with pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis and pediatric controls were enrolled across 16 pediatric multiple sclerosis centers in the United States and completed questionnaires that addressed time of first unaided walking and acquisition of 2-word phrases. A total of 467 (308 female) cases and 428 (209 female) controls were enrolled. Pediatric multiple sclerosis (n = 467) were not delayed in walking or using 2-word phrases compared to healthy controls (n = 428) (2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0883073818815041DOI Listing
December 2018

Using Photo-Elicitation to Explore Families' Experiences of Burn Camp.

J Fam Nurs 2018 Dec 17:1074840718817630. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

1 University of the West of England, Bristol, UK.

A qualitative study using photo-elicitation was conducted to investigate the experiences of family members attending a residential burn camp. Six families were provided with cameras and asked to take photographs of their time at camp. They were subsequently interviewed about their experiences of camp, using their photographs as prompts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1074840718817630DOI Listing
December 2018

Effect of dialect on phonological analysis.

Clin Linguist Phon 2018 Dec 16:1-22. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

a Division of Graduate Medical Studies , National University of Singapore , Singapore.

It is important to understand a child's language background, to ensure appropriate assessment, diagnosis and treatment of speech sound disorders. Singapore is home to various cultures and languages, and local speech norms are needed to provide an accurate reference for assessing phonological disorders in the local population. This study aims to establish normative data and better understand the English phonological development of English-Mandarin bilingual preschoolers in Singapore, aged 3; 6-4; 5 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699206.2018.1550812DOI Listing
December 2018

How Grandparents Experience the Death of a Grandchild With a Life-Limiting Condition.

J Fam Nurs 2018 Dec 17:1074840718816808. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

2 Lancaster University, UK.

Traditionally, family-focused care extends to parents and siblings of children with life-limiting conditions. Only a few studies have focused on the needs of grandparents, who play an important role in the families of children with illness and with life-limiting conditions, in particular. Interpretative phenomenological analysis was used as the methodological framework for the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1074840718816808DOI Listing
December 2018

Pilot RCT of a social media parenting intervention for postpartum mothers with depression symptoms.

J Reprod Infant Psychol 2018 Dec 17:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

b Policylab: Center to Bridge Research Practice, & Policy , The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Roberts Center for Pediatric Research , Philadelphia , PA , USA.

Objective: This pilot study describes the adaptation of a parenting group intervention for social media, and examines the feasibility, acceptability and initial outcomes of the adapted intervention for mothers with postpartum depression symptoms.

Background: Postpartum depression can negatively affect parenting and the parent-infant relationship. Mothers with postpartum depression symptoms experience barriers to access in-person parenting interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02646838.2018.1556788DOI Listing
December 2018

[Foreign body aspiration of the lower airways in children - diagnosis in clinical practice].

Orv Hetil 2018 Dec;159(51):2162-2166

Gyermekgyógyászati Klinika, Gyermeksebészeti Osztály, Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Szeged.

Introduction And Aim: Rigid bronchoscopic foreign body removal is the gold standard procedure for foreign body aspiration. We have analysed our results of bronchoscopies and the accuracy of diagnosis among the paediatric population in Southeast Hungary.

Method: A retrospective study of children admitted because of suspected solid foreign body aspiration between 2006 and 2017 was performed. Read More

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https://www.akademiai.com/doi/10.1556/650.2018.31165
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/650.2018.31165DOI Listing
December 2018
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"A child may be tall but also stunted." Conceptualization of and meanings attached to childhood height and short stature in rural Tanzania.

Matern Child Nutr 2018 Dec 16:e12769. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Population Research Centre, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.

Stunting affects large numbers of under-fives in Tanzania. But do caretakers of under-fives recognize height as a marker of child growth? What meanings do they attach to linear growth? An ethnographic study using cultural schemas theory was conducted in a rural community in Southeastern Tanzania to investigate caregivers' conceptualizations of child height in relation to growth and the meanings attached to short stature. Data for the study was collected through 19 focus group discussions, 30 in-depth interviews, and five key informant interviews with caregivers of under-fives, including mothers, fathers, elderly women, and community health workers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mcn.12769DOI Listing
December 2018
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Melatonin suppression and sleepiness in children exposed to blue-enriched white LED lighting at night.

Physiol Rep 2018 Dec;6(24):e13942

Department of Human Science, Faculty of Design, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Light-induced melatonin suppression in children is reported to be more sensitive to white light at night than that in adults; however, it is unclear whether it depends on spectral distribution of lighting. In this study, we investigated the effects of different color temperatures of LED lighting on children's melatonin secretion during the night. Twenty-two healthy children (8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14814/phy2.13942DOI Listing
December 2018

A homozygous canonical splice acceptor site mutation in PRUNE1 is responsible for a rare childhood neurodegenerative disease in Manitoba Cree families.

Am J Med Genet A 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Biochemistry and Medical Genetics, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Autosomal recessive PRUNE1 mutations are reported to cause a severe neurodevelopmental disorder with microcephaly, hypotonia, and brain malformations. We describe clinical and neuropathological features in a cohort of nine individuals of Cree descent who, because of a founder effect, are homozygous for the same PRUNE1 mutation. They follow the course of a combined neuromuscular and neurodegenerative disease, rather than a pure failure of normal development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.60690DOI Listing
December 2018

Preventing secondary exposure to women from men applying a novel nestorone/testosterone contraceptive gel.

Andrology 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA, USA.

Background: Testosterone (T)/Nestorone (NES) combination gel is a potential transdermal male contraceptive that suppresses gonadotropins and spermatogenesis. Transfer of transdermal T from men to women can be prevented by washing or covering application sites with clothing.

Objectives: We hypothesized that showering or wearing a shirt over gel application sites would prevent secondary exposure of T and NES to a woman after close skin contact. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/andr.12577DOI Listing
December 2018
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PAC1R Genotype to Phenotype Correlations in Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Autism Res 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Center for Neuroscience Research, Children's Research Institute, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC.

Amygdala dysfunction has been implicated in numerous neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Previous studies in mice and humans, respectively, have linked Pac1r/PAC1R function to social behavior and PTSD-susceptibility. Based on this connection to social and emotional processing and the central role played by the amygdala in ASD, we examined a putative role for PAC1R in social deficits in ASD and determined the pattern of gene expression in the developing mouse and human amygdala. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aur.2051DOI Listing
December 2018
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