63,196 results match your criteria Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery[Journal]


Refractive Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery vs. Conventional Manual Surgery: Comparing Efficacy and Safety in 3144 Eyes.

Am J Ophthalmol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; Uptown Eye Specialists, Vaughan, Canada. Electronic address:

Purpose: To report on outcomes of efficacy and safety in one of the largest series of eyes undergoing either conventional manual cataract surgery (MCS) or refractive femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (ReLACS).

Design: Retrospective, consecutive, interventional comparative case series.

Methods: This study included 3144 consecutive eyes of which 1580 were treated via MCS and 1564 were treated via ReLACS at Uptown Surgical Centre in Vaughan, Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2019.04.010DOI Listing

Outcomes of Descemet-Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty in Congenital Hereditary Endothelial Dystrophy.

Eye Contact Lens 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Eye Research Center (M.M., A.N., K.F.), Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; and Noor Ophthalmology Research Center (H.H.), Noor Eye Hospital, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: To evaluate the outcomes and complications of Descemet-stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) in children with congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy (CHED).

Methods: Eighteen eyes from 10 children with CHED who underwent standard phakic DSAEK were enrolled in this retrospective interventional case series. Medical records including slit-lamp biomicroscopy, cycloplegic refraction, visual acuity, and measurements of central corneal thickness, corneal topography, and endothelial cell density were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICL.0000000000000604DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Outcome and Complications of Combined Phacoemulsification and 23-Gauge Pars Plana Vitrectomy.

J Ophthalmol 2019 17;2019:7918237. Epub 2019 Mar 17.

Cukurova University, School of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, Adana, Turkey.

Background: With the advances in surgical tools, simultaneous removal of cataract associated with vitreoretinal disorders is gaining popularity. This combined surgery offers several advantages besides limitations. The aim of this study is to assess the outcome and complications of phacoemulsification combined with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7918237DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441543PMC

[Peacock feather-like desiccation cataract].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 1;31:68. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Université Mohammed V Souissi, Service d'Ophtalmologie de l'Hôpital Militaire d'Instruction Mohamed V, Hay Riad, Rabat, Maroc.

Desiccation cataract is a common complication of posterior vitrectomy. Indeed, the contact between internal gas tamponade and posterior crystalloid can cause early posterior subcapsular cataract occurring in the twenty-four hours, also known as fern leaf-like cataract. It is caused by dehydration of the posterior layers of the crystalline lens or by a block in the metabolic exchanges from both sides of the posterior crystalloid. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.31.68.16235DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457721PMC
October 2018

Commentary: A cluster of central retinal artery occlusions following cataract surgery.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 May;67(5):635

Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_50_19DOI Listing

Commentary: Central retinal arterial occlusions after phacoemulsification: Our perspective.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 May;67(5):633-634

Department of Retina, Centre for Sight, B5/24, Safdarjung Enclave, New Delhi, India.

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http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2019/67/5/633/256683
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_280_19DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

A cluster of central retinal artery occlusions following cataract surgery.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 May;67(5):630-633

Retina and Uvea Services, Sadguru Netra Chikitsalaya, Chitrakoot, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Purpose: To report a series of central retinal artery occlusions (CRAO) following cataract surgery complicated by posterior capsular rupture (PCR).

Methods: Data from 14 patients with acute CRAO following cataract surgery was collected for this study including subject demographics, initial and final best-corrected visual acuity, systemic investigations, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) findings.

Results: Mean subject age was 59. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_1070_18DOI Listing

Refractive outcomes of a single-step and a two-step approach for silicone oil removal and cataract surgery.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 May;67(5):625-629

Department of Comprehensive Ophthalmology, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, India.

Purpose: To compare the intermediate-term refractive outcomes of a single-step and a two-step approach for silicone oil removal (SOR) and cataract surgery.

Methods: Case records of patients who had SOR and phacoemulsification (PE) from 2011 to 2013 at a tertiary center in South India were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 135 eyes that underwent ultrasound biometry (UB) were studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_1380_18DOI Listing

Active-fluidics-based torsional phacoemulsification in diabetic eyes: A prospective interventional study.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 May;67(5):619-624

Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Purpose: To compare the outcomes of active-fluidics based torsional phacoemulsification in diabetics and nondiabetics using a balanced tip.

Methods: Two hundred and forty-eight patients undergoing senile cataract surgery using torsional phacoemulsification on an active-fluidics-based platform from December 2016 to August 2017 were included in this prospective, nonrandomized, interventional cohort study; of the 248 patients, 54 were controlled diabetics and 194 were nondiabetics. Intraoperative parameters such as cumulative dissipated energy (CDE), total ultrasound time, torsion usage time, torsion amplitude, aspiration time, and fluid usage were documented and compared. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_1146_18DOI Listing

Commentary: Discharge planning in day-care cataract patients.

Authors:
Anup K Goswami

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 May;67(5):617-618

Department of Ophthalmology, Swami Dayanand Hospital, Dilshad Garden, New Delhi, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_158_19DOI Listing

Discharge teaching, readiness for discharge, and post-discharge outcomes in cataract patients treated with day surgery: A cross-sectional study.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 May;67(5):612-617

Department of Ophthalmology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Purpose: To investigate the quality of discharge teaching, readiness for hospital discharge (RHD), and post-discharge outcomes (PDO) of cataract patients in a day ward and to explore the relationships among these three variables.

Methods: This cross-sectional study used an opportunistic sample from the ophthalmic day ward in a general hospital in Sichuan province, China. Data were collected using four questionnaires. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_1116_18DOI Listing

Commentary: confocal microscopy in iridocorneal endothelial syndrome.

Authors:
Vineet Ratra

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 May;67(5):610-611

Department of Comprehensive Ophthalmology (Special Interest Glaucoma and Cataract), Medical Research Foundation, Navasuja Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_154_19DOI Listing

A longitudinal study of choroidal changes following cataract surgery in patients with diabetes.

Diab Vasc Dis Res 2019 Apr 22:1479164119841536. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

1 National Healthcare Group Eye Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore.

Objective: To study the structural changes in the choroid of diabetic patients following cataract surgery, using choroidal vascularity index and choroidal thickness.

Methods: A prospective case-control study was conducted in 18 diabetic and 18 non-diabetic patients undergoing cataract surgery (phacoemulsification) in one eye. Enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography images were obtained before and after surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1479164119841536DOI Listing

Comparison between refractive outcomes between macula-on and macula-off retinal detachments after phaco-vitrectomy.

Jpn J Ophthalmol 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Pusan National University, Busan, South Korea.

Purpose: To evaluate axial length (AL) measurements and refractive outcomes in vitrectomy combined with cataract operation for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) with wholly detached macula.

Study Design: Retrospective, consecutive, comparative, clinical study.

Methods: We reviewed the data of patients treated by vitrectomy combined with cataract operation for RRD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10384-019-00667-6DOI Listing

Age-related spatial differences of human lens UV filters revealed by negative ion mode MALDI imaging mass spectrometry.

Exp Eye Res 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Tryptophan-derived UV filters are predominantly found in the lenses of primates and humans. While protective against UV radiation, aging alters the complement and spatial distributions of human lens UV filters, and a role for UV filters has been suggested in age-related cataract formation. To establish how the spatial distributions of UV filters change in normal human lens aging, matrix assisted laser desorption/ionisation-imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI-IMS) was utilised to map the locations and relative abundance of multiple UV filters simultaneously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exer.2019.04.016DOI Listing

The impact of glistenings on the optical quality of a hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens.

J Cataract Refract Surg 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

David J. Apple International Laboratory for Ocular Pathology, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Heidelberg, Germany.

Purpose: To study the effect of glistenings on the optical quality of a hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens (IOL).

Setting: David J. Apple Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrs.2019.01.025DOI Listing

A modified intraocular lens design to reduce negative dysphotopsia.

J Cataract Refract Surg 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

retired, Orange, California, USA.

Purpose: To use ray-tracing analysis and simulated retinal illumination profiles to design an intraocular lens (IOL) that prevents or reduces negative dysphotopsia after cataract surgery.

Setting: Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, and Simpson Optics LLC, Arlington, Texas, USA.

Design: Experimental study. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08863350193004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrs.2019.01.019DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Two-year outcomes of a randomized controlled trial of transepithelial corneal crosslinking with iontophoresis for keratoconus.

J Cataract Refract Surg 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Fondazione G.B. Bietti IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Purpose: To evaluate the 2-year clinical outcomes of corneal crosslinking (CXL) using transepithelial iontophoresis CXL (T-ionto CXL) in comparison with standard CXL for the treatment of progressive keratoconus.

Setting: Single-site study.

Design: Randomized controlled clinical trial with identifier code NCT02117999. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrs.2019.01.026DOI Listing

Inhibition of copper-induced aggregation of human γD-crystallin by rutin and studies on its role in molecular level for enhancing the chaperone activity of human αA-crystallin by using multi-spectroscopic techniques.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2019 Apr 10;218:229-236. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Chemistry, National Institute of Technology Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh 177005, India. Electronic address:

Oxidative aggregation of γ-crystallins induced by copper in aged lens increases the lens opacity and causes cataract formation. Therefore, chelation of free Cu by small molecules can inhibit metal-mediated aggregation of γ-crystallin. In this work, the inhibition potency of several naturally occurring flavonoid compounds was studied against aggregation of human γD-crystallin (HGD) mediated by copper ions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2019.04.013DOI Listing

Patient Satisfaction with Oral Versus Intravenous Sedation for Cataract Surgery : A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Ophthalmology 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Ophthalmology, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA.

Purpose: To determine whether patient satisfaction with oral sedation is non-inferior to intravenous (IV) sedation for cataract surgery.

Design: A prospective, randomized, double-masked clinical trial.

Subjects: A volunteer sample of patients age 18 or older from diverse ethnic, racial, and socioeconomic backgrounds scheduled for cataract surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2019.04.022DOI Listing

Corneal Tomography Changes and Refractive Outcomes After Descemet Stripping Without Endothelial Keratoplasty.

Cornea 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Cornea and Refractive Surgery Service, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

Purpose: To investigate corneal tomography changes and refractive outcomes after Descemetorhexis without endothelial keratoplasty (DWEK).

Methods: Retrospective chart review of 25 eyes from 16 patients with Fuchs corneal endothelial dystrophy that underwent successful DWEK combined with cataract surgery.

Results: There was no significant change in anterior corneal curvature on tomography maps. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICO.0000000000001896DOI Listing

[Complications in sutured scleral fixation of artificial lens implantation].

Ophthalmologe 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Klinik für Augenheilkunde, Universitätsmedizin Göttingen, Göttingen, Deutschland.

Background: Sutured scleral fixation of an artificial posterior chamber lens is a frequently used method for the treatment of eyes with poor or absent capsular support; however, the complication profile is often considered unfavorable.

Objective: To analyze the postoperative complication profile.

Methods: In this monocentric and retrospective analysis of a consecutive case series of patients with standardized sutured scleral fixation of a posterior chamber lens between 2007 and 2017, the documented complications were categorized as a permanent threat to visual acuity, such as endophthalmitis, choroidal hemorrhage, retinal detachment and clinically relevant but without a permanent threat to visual acuity, such as hemorrhage and hypotension. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00347-019-0896-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00347-019-0896-0DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Comparison of refractive predictability and endothelial cell loss in femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery and conventional phaco surgery: prospective randomised trial with 6 months of follow-up.

BMJ Open Ophthalmol 2019 1;4(1):e000233. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Ophthalmology, Rigshospitalet Glostrup, Glostrup, Denmark.

Objective: Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) decreases the use of energy and provides a more precise capsulorhexis compared with conventional phaco surgery (CPS). The purpose of this study was to examine if the lower energy use in FLACS caused less endothelial cell loss compared with CPS and if there was a difference in refractive predictability between CPS and FLACS.

Methods And Analysis: This was a randomised controlled study of 96 patients with a 6-month follow-up comparing one eye surgery by FLACS and the contralateral eye operated by CPS (divide and conquer technique). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjophth-2018-000233DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440690PMC

Estimating the magnitude of diabetes mellitus and diabetic retinopathy in an older age urban population in Pune, western India.

BMJ Open Ophthalmol 2019 28;4(1):e000201. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Community Ophthalmology, PBMA's H. V. Desai Eye Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Objective: To estimate magnitude of diabetes mellitus (DM) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in a high risk population in Pune, western India.

Methods: DR module in rapid assessment of avoidable blindness (RAAB) survey methodology was used. Sample size of 3527 was calculated based on estimates from previous studies in India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjophth-2018-000201DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440599PMC
February 2019

Detection of proteins associated with extracellular matrix regulation in the aqueous humour of patients with primary glaucoma.

Curr Eye Res 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

a R.S. Mehta Jain Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology , KBIRVO, Vision Research Foundation, Sankara Nethralaya , Chennai , India .

Purpose: The protein composition of aqueous humour (AH) has held significant relevance and remains to be the prime sample in the discovery of biomarkers in glaucoma. The purpose of this study is to analyze the aqueous humour protein concentrations in primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) and further examine the proteome changes compared to cataract control.

Methods: Aqueous humour was collected from 90 POAG, 72 PACG, 78 cataract (control) in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02713683.2019.1608261DOI Listing
April 2019
1.663 Impact Factor

The components of adult astigmatism and their age-related changes.

Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2019 May;39(3):183-193

Department of Ophthalmology, Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem, Belgium.

Purpose: To study the corneal and internal astigmatism and the age-related changes underlying the known refractive shift with-the-rule (WTR) towards against-the-rule (ATR) astigmatism.

Methods: Refractive and corneal biometry data were collected for a total of 1195 healthy Caucasian subjects, recruited by ophthalmological centres across Europe. After conversion of refractive and corneal surface astigmatism to power vectors J and J , the total corneal and internal astigmatism were calculated. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/opo.12616
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/opo.12616DOI Listing
May 2019
4 Reads

Changes in the anterior segment of the eye following uncomplicated pars plana vitrectomy. A review.

Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Clinic of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Ostrava, Czech Republic.

Pars plana vitrectomy is currently the most common technique used in retinal surgery. Although primarily involving the posterior segment of the eye it also affects the anterior segment. As this is a less published topic, the aim of this paper was to review the literature on changes in the anterior segment after uncomplicated pars plana vitrectomy using data based literature search. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5507/bp.2019.014DOI Listing

Preparation, Characterization and Antioxidant Evaluation of Poorly Soluble Polyphenol-Loaded Nanoparticles for Cataract Treatment.

AAPS PharmSciTech 2019 Apr 15;20(5):163. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

School of Pharmacy and Health Professionals, Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska, 68178, USA.

Cataract, one of the leading causes of blindness worldwide, is a condition in which complete or partial opacity develops in the lens of the eyes, thereby impairing vision. This study aimed to examine the potential therapeutic and protective effects of poorly soluble polyphenols like curcumin, resveratrol, and dibenzoylmethane, known to possess significant antioxidant activity. The polyphenols were loaded into novel lipid-cyclodextrin-based nanoparticles and characterized by particle size, polydispersity index, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), entrapment efficiency, and release studies. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1208/s12249-019-1379-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1208/s12249-019-1379-yDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A novel minimal fluid technique for effective and safe lens hydrodissection during cataract surgery.

Taiwan J Ophthalmol 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):43-45

Universal Eye Center, Taipei, Taiwan.

Traditional hydrodissection may cause posterior capsule rupture (PCR) if excessive fluid accumulates. In this study, we describe the successful application of a novel minimal fluid hydrodissection technique in 100 consecutive cataract surgery cases. This technique separates the nucleus from the capsule utilizing low hydrostatic pressure and precise kinetic movement of a small volume (around 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/tjo.tjo_137_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6432847PMC

Utilizing intraoperative aberrometry and digital eye tracking to develop a novel nomogram for manual astigmatic keratotomy to effectively decrease mild astigmatism during cataract surgery.

Taiwan J Ophthalmol 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):27-32

Taipei Nobel Eye Clinic, Taipei, Taiwan.

Purpose: The purpose of the study is to develop a novel nomogram and validate with a retrospective comparative study for manual astigmatic keratotomy (MAK) with the assistance of intraoperative aberrometry (Optiwave Refractive Analysis [ORA]) and digital eye tracking (VERION) in mild astigmatic correction enhancement.

Setting: The study was conducted in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Design: This was a single-surgeon comparative study with retrospective data collection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/tjo.tjo_6_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6432848PMC

Intraocular lens correction of presbyopia.

Taiwan J Ophthalmol 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):4-17

Clinical Professor, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Hawaii, USA.

The continued development of intraocular lens (IOL) technology has led to a dramatic improvement in refractive outcomes. New and innovative ways of achieving the desired postoperative refractive goals continue to be developed. This article aims to review the currently available IOL modalities for correction of presbyopia at the time of cataract surgery, including reference to high-quality comparative studies, where available, and discussion of strengths as well as limitations of the currently available IOL technologies. Read More

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http://www.e-tjo.org/text.asp?2019/9/1/4/252231
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/tjo.tjo_136_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6432854PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF) versus Perfluoropropane (CF) in the Intraoperative Management of Macular Holes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Ophthalmol 2019 12;2019:1820850. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Ophthalmology, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.

Purpose: A systematic literature search was conducted to identify and review studies comparing SF to CF as a tamponade agent in the intraoperative management of macular holes.

Methods: Publications up to October 2018 that focused on macular hole surgery in terms of primary closure, complications, and clinical outcomes were included. Forest plots were created using a weighted summary of proportion meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/1820850DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434271PMC

Prevalence of childhood ocular morbidity in a peri-urban setting in Bangladesh: a community-based study.

Public Health 2019 Apr 12;170:103-112. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

National Institute of Ophthalmology and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Electronic address:

Objectives: To test a model of integrated pediatric eye care delivery and examine the prevalence and factors associated with childhood ocular morbidity in a peri-urban setting in Bangladesh.

Study Design: Cross-sectional, population-based study.

Methods: The study was conducted in three phases among children aged ≤15 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.02.026DOI Listing

Aborted small-incision lenticule extraction resulting from false plane creation and strategy for subsequent removal based on corneal layered pachymetry imaging.

J Cataract Refract Surg 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

London Vision Clinic, London, United Kingdom.

We describe a complication of false plane creation during small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and the surgical plan for subsequent lenticule removal. During a primary SMILE procedure to treat high myopia, the separator instrument entered a false lamellar plane as a result of an area of resistance caused by an area of opaque bubble layer (OBL). The procedure was aborted to avoid removing an irregular lenticule. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08863350193016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrs.2019.02.036DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Clinical features of Streptococcus pyogenes keratitis: Case series.

Cont Lens Anterior Eye 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

University of Pittsburgh Medical Centre, Pittsburgh, PA, USA; Department of Ophthalmology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: To characterize the risk factors, clinical presentations, management, outcomes, and microbiological properties of Streptococcus pyogenes keratitis.

Methods: Eight culture-proven cases (eight eyes) of S. pyogenes keratitis were diagnosed and treated between 2008 and 2018 at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clae.2019.04.007DOI Listing

COMBINED PHACOEMULSIFICATION SURGERY WITH MULTIFOCAL INTRAOCULAR LENS IMPLANTATION AND PARS PLANA VITRECTOMY FOR SYMPTOMATIC VITREOUS OPACITIES.

Retin Cases Brief Rep 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Cincinnati Eye Institute, Cincinnati, OH.

Purpose: To report surgical outcomes of combined vitrectomy for vitreous floaters and phacoemulsification surgery with multifocal intraocular lens implantation.

Methods: Retrospective, interventional, noncomparative case series of five eyes from five patients who underwent same-day combined phacoemulsification surgeries with apodized, diffractive multifocal intraocular lens implantation for cataract and pars plana vitrectomy for symptomatic vitreous opacities, that is, floaters. Primary outcomes were distance and near visual acuities, and resolution of symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICB.0000000000000873DOI Listing

Interferon Alpha for Refractory Pseudophakic Cystoid Macular Edema (Irvine-Gass Syndrome).

Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2019 Apr 15:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

a Centre for Ophthalmology , University Hospital Tuebingen , Tuebingen , Germany.

Purpose: To assess the efficacy and safety of systemic interferon alpha-2a (IFN) for refractory pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (PCME).

Methods: Retrospective observational study. The primary outcome was the decrease of central retinal thickness (CRT). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09273948.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273948.2019.1585883DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Exfoliation fibrils within the basement membrane of anterior lens capsule: a transmission electron microscopy study.

Curr Eye Res 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

b 2nd Department of Ophthalmology , Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki , Thessaloniki , Greece.

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to demonstrate novel findings recognized within the basement membrane of the anterior lens capsules (aLCs) in exfoliation syndrome, in a transmission electron microscopy (TEM) study.

Materials And Methods: Twenty one patients with age-related cataract were included in the study. Eleven out of them suffered from exfoliation syndrome (XFS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02713683.2019.1608262DOI Listing

Repeatability and Agreement of a Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography-Based Biometer IOLMaster 700 Versus a Scheimpflug Imaging-Based Biometer AL-Scan in Cataract Patients.

Eye Contact Lens 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences (T.C.Y.C., K.H.W., F.Y.T., Y.M.W., and C.C.), The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong; Hong Kong Eye Hospital (T.C.Y.C.), Kowloon, Hong Kong; and Department of Mathematics and Statistics (M.Y.), Hang Seng Management College, New Territories, Hong Kong.

Purpose: To compare the repeatability and agreement between a swept-source biometer and a Scheimpflug biometer in cataract patients.

Methods: Three consecutive measurements were obtained using a swept-source biometer (IOLMaster 700) and a Scheimpflug biometer (AL-Scan) in 52 eyes of 52 patients. Keratometry, central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), axial length, and white-to-white (WTW) distance were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICL.0000000000000603DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

[Congenital aniridia in children].

Rev Prat 2019 Jan;69(1):67-70

Service d'ophtalmologie, hôpital Necker Enfants-malades, AP-HP, centre de maladies rares OPHTARA, université Paris-Descartes, université Sorbonne-Paris-Cité, Paris, France. Unité CNRS FR3636, université Paris-Descartes, université Sorbonne-Paris-Cité, Paris, France. Coordonnateur du Centre OPHTARA maladies rares en Ophtalmologie, Centre Européen ERN EYE. Présidente du CMS Geniris et Aniridia Europe.

Congenital aniridia in children. Congenital aniridia is a genetic rare disease that affects the entire eyeball (pan-ocular disease). The disease is characterized by partial or complete absence of iris. Read More

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January 2019
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Update on Intraocular Lens Calculation Formulas.

Ophthalmology 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

In a study published last year we showed the Barrett was the single most accurate IOL formula overall. Herein we report on the outcomes of new or updated formulas when run against the same datasets. Achievement of a target refractive outcome has become an integral part of cataract surgery. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01616420193028
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2019.04.011DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

[Diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of diabetic eye disease (Update 2019)].

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Universitäts-Augenklinik, Medizinische Universität Graz, Graz, Österreich.

Diabetes mellitus can cause diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema, optic neuropathy, cataract or dysfunction of the eye muscles. The incidence of these defects correlates with disease duration and quality of metabolic control. Recommendations of the Austrian Diabetes Association for diagnosis, therapeutic procedures and requirements for adequate follow-up depending on stage of diabetic eye disease are summarized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-019-1445-1DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Objective assessment of intraoperative technical skill in capsulorhexis using videos of cataract surgery.

Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Johns Hopkins University, 3400 N. Charles Street, Malone Hall 340, Baltimore, MD, 21218, USA.

Purpose: Objective assessment of intraoperative technical skill is necessary for technology to improve patient care through surgical training. Our objective in this study was to develop and validate deep learning techniques for technical skill assessment using videos of the surgical field.

Methods: We used a data set of 99 videos of capsulorhexis, a critical step in cataract surgery. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11548-019-01956-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11548-019-01956-8DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Lensectomy after radial keratotomy: 1-year follow-up.

Int Ophthalmol 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Fernández-Vega Ophthalmological Institute, Avda. Dres. Fernández-Vega 114, 33012, Oviedo, Spain.

Purpose: To report visual and refractive results in radial keratotomy (RK) patients that underwent a cataract surgery with a monofocal intraocular lens (IOL) implantation with 1 year of follow-up.

Methods: Twenty-eight eyes of 15 patients with cataract and the previous RK were included. All eyes underwent phacoemulsification and monofocal IOL implantation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10792-019-01104-wDOI Listing

[DMEK à chaud].

Ophthalmologe 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Augenheilkunde, Universitätsklinikum Leipzig, Liebigstr. 10-14, 04103, Leipzig, Deutschland.

Purpose: This article reports a case of unintended excision of Descemet's membrane (DM) during a routine cataract extraction (CE), which was successfully treated by Desecemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK).

Material And Methods: During routine CE of a 91-year old male patient the DM was almost completely detached and excised.

Results: The DMEK was successfully performed, the cornea cleared and visual acuity increased from cc 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00347-019-0888-0DOI Listing

Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography of Ocular Cystinosis Confirmed by Electron Microscopy.

Ocul Oncol Pathol 2019 Feb 12;5(2):110-113. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Cullen Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.

Purpose: To report a case of ocular cystinosis diagnosed by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and histopathology.

Methods: A 67-year-old man who presented with eye pain was found to have unilateral corneal crystal deposition. Ocular cystinosis was diagnosed by histopathology, AS-OCT, and lack of renal involvement of the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000490389DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422133PMC
February 2019

[Cataract surgery in children with non-infectious uveitis: Review of current practices in France].

J Fr Ophtalmol 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Service d'ophtalmologie, CHU de Bordeaux, place Amélie-Raba-Léon, 33000 Bordeaux, France.

Purpose: To evaluate the medical-surgical management of cataract surgery in children with chronic uveitis in various French pediatric ophthalmology centers.

Materials And Methods: Two-part study: first, a descriptive observational segment on the evaluation of French practices. A questionnaire was sent to the various pediatric ophthalmologists in France. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfo.2018.09.008DOI Listing

Defunding preoperative histories and physical exams: putting the cart before the evidence?

Can J Ophthalmol 2019 Apr 11;54(2):171-175. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

Division of Ophthalmology, Department of Surgery, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

Objective: Several Canadian health authorities have defunded preoperative cataract history and physical examinations performed by general practitioners. While these authorities suggest that such decisions are evidence-based, we are unaware of reviews addressing this topic, nor have health authorities been forthcoming with evidence used in their decision-making processes. The objective of this study is to perform a comprehensive review of the literature regarding the value of preoperative histories and physical examinations in cataract surgery. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00084182183015
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjo.2018.04.011DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Mapping the landscape of cataract surgery teaching assessment in Canadian residency programs.

Can J Ophthalmol 2019 Apr 9;54(2):155-158. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

University of Northern British Columbia.

Objective: The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada has mandated a shift in post-graduate residency education in Canada towards a competency-based model. Within this context, it is unclear how resident's competence in cataract surgery is currently being assessed for both formative and summative purposes. Therefore, we conducted a national survey to evaluate the current landscape of cataract surgery teaching in Canadian Ophthalmology programs. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00084182183013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjo.2018.04.023DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Preoperative fasting for ambulatory cataract surgery: asystematic review.

Can J Ophthalmol 2019 Apr 23;54(2):145-149. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont.. Electronic address:

Given the lack of policy standardization in Canada, this systematic review investigates the optimal duration of preoperative fasting in cataract surgery. A literature search was conducted on Ovid MEDLINE, with potential articles screened by 2 independent authors. The primary endpoint was the incidence of aspiration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjo.2018.05.011DOI Listing