129 results match your criteria Journal of Cancer Epidemiology [Journal]


Stagnation in Decreasing Gastric Cancer Incidence and Mortality in Quito: Time Trend Analysis, 1985-2013.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2019 26;2019:1504894. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Registro Nacional de Tumores, Sociedad de Lucha contra el Cáncer (SOLCA), Quito, Ecuador.

Background: Despite the significant global decline in mortality and incidence, gastric cancer (GC) remains a very common cause of illness and death in the Latin American region. This article seeks to describe, in depth, the time trend of incidence and mortality of GC in the city of Quito, from 1985 to 2013.

Methods: Using data from the Quito Cancer Registry, annual sex-specific age-standardized incidence and mortality rates were calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/1504894DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6413390PMC
February 2019

Use of Mastectomy for Overdiagnosed Breast Cancer in the United States: Analysis of the SEER 9 Cancer Registries.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2019 22;2019:5072506. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.

Aim: We investigated use of mastectomy as treatment for early breast cancer in the US and applied the resulting information to estimate the minimum and maximum rates at which mastectomy could plausibly be undergone by patients with overdiagnosed breast cancer. Little is currently known about overtreatments undergone by overdiagnosed patients.

Methods: In the US, screening is often recommended at ages ≥40. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5072506DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362466PMC
January 2019

HPV-Chlamydial Coinfection, Prevalence, and Association with Cervical Intraepithelial Lesions: A Pilot Study at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2019 10;2019:9092565. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

PhD, (MUK), Makerere University, College of Health Science, P.O. Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Human Pappilloma Virus (HPV) is the necessary cause of cervical cancer. A number of risk factors are believed to influence the role of HPV in the development of cervical cancer. This is so because majority of HPV infections are cleared and only a few are able to result into cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9092565DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348791PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

A Community-Based Assessment of Knowledge and Practice of Breast Self-Examination and Prevalence of Breast Disease in Southwest Cameroon.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2019 1;2019:2928901. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Center for Global Surgical Studies, Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Introduction: Despite the rising trend in breast cancer incidence and mortality across Sub-Saharan Africa, there remains a critical knowledge gap about the burden and patterns of breast disease and breast cancer screening practices at the population level. This study aimed to identify socioeconomic factors associated with knowledge and practice of breast self-examination (BSE) as well as assess the prevalence of breast disease symptoms among a mixed urban-rural population of women in the Southwest region of Cameroon.

Methods: We conducted a household-level community-based study in Southwest Cameroon between January and March 2017, using a three-stage cluster sampling framework. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2928901DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6333001PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Trends in Incidence of Two Major Subtypes of Liver and Bile Duct Cancer: Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Cholangiocarcinoma in Songkhla, Southern Thailand, 1989-2030.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2018 23;2018:8267059. Epub 2018 Dec 23.

Epidemiology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand.

Background: The incidence of liver and bile duct cancer continues to rise, especially in Thailand. We aimed to project the trends in incidence of this rare but lethal cancer in southern Thailand in order to determine its future disease burden.

Methods: Gender-specific trends in age-standardized incidence rates per 100,000 person-years for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) cases in Songkhla province of southern Thailand diagnosed between 1989 and 2013 were estimated and projected up to year 2030 using three different modeling techniques: a joinpoint model, an age-period-cohort model, and a modified age-period-cohort model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8267059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323434PMC
December 2018

The Epidemiology and Trend of Cancer in Jordan, 2000-2013.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2018 17;2018:2937067. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan.

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the overall incidence, trend, and epidemiology of cancer among Jordanians from 2000 to 2013 using data extracted from Jordan's Cancer Registry (JCR).

Methods: All cancer cases among Jordanians registered between 2000 and 2013 were analyzed using CanReg software and SPSS. The overall crude incidence rates (CIRs) and the age standardized rates (ASRs) of cancer per 100,000 were calculated. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jce/2018/2937067/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2937067DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6207872PMC
October 2018
13 Reads

Role of the Mechanisms of Detection in the Increased Risk of Thyroid Cancer: A Retrospective Cohort Study in an HMO in Buenos Aires.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2018 15;2018:8986074. Epub 2018 Jul 15.

Epidemiology Section of the Department of Medicine & Department of Research, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Perón 4190 (1202), CABA, Argentina.

Background: Two hypotheses attempt to explain the increase of thyroid cancer (TC) incidence: overdetection by excessive diagnostic scrutiny and a true increase in new cases brought about by environmental factors. Changes in the mechanism of detection and the risk of incidentally diagnosed TC could result in an increase of TC incidence.

Methods: Retrospective cohort study. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jce/2018/8986074/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8986074DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6076902PMC
July 2018
14 Reads

Effects of Different Treatment Strategies and Tumor Stage on Survival of Patients with Advanced Laryngeal Carcinoma: A 15-Year Cohort Study.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2018 3;2018:9678097. Epub 2018 Jun 3.

Shiraz HIV/AIDS Research Center, Institute of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Laryngeal cancer is the second most common cancer in the head and neck. Since laryngeal cancer management is a complex process, there is still no standard strategy to treat this disease in order to increase the survival rate of the patients especially among those with advanced form of the disease.

Methods: A cohort study was undertaken to analyze factors predicting survival of the patients in advanced stage laryngeal cancer in the Southern Iran among all patients newly diagnosed with laryngeal cancer between 2000 and 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9678097DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6008834PMC
June 2018
38 Reads

Validity of Administrative Databases in Comparison to Medical Charts for Breast Cancer Treatment Data.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2018 14;2018:9218595. Epub 2018 May 14.

Prevention and Cancer Control, Cancer Care Ontario, 620 University Avenue, Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 2L7.

Objective: Medical chart abstraction is the gold standard for collecting breast cancer treatment data for monitoring and research. A less costly alternative is the use of administrative databases. This study will evaluate administrative data in comparison to medical charts for breast cancer treatment information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9218595DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5976924PMC
May 2018
33 Reads

Endocrine Therapy Initiation among Older Women with Ductal Carcinoma In Situ.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2017 13;2017:6091709. Epub 2017 Sep 13.

Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Background: Although treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is controversial, national guidelines recommend considering endocrine therapy for women with estrogen receptor- (ER-) positive DCIS or those undergoing breast conserving surgery (BCS) without radiation. We evaluated uptake and predictors of endocrine therapy use among older women with DCIS.

Methods: In the SEER-Medicare database, we identified women aged 65+ years diagnosed with DCIS during 2007-2011. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/6091709DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5615957PMC
September 2017
8 Reads

Racial and Socioeconomic Disparities Are More Pronounced in Inflammatory Breast Cancer Than Other Breast Cancers.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2017 15;2017:7574946. Epub 2017 Aug 15.

Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center, 610 Walnut Street, Room 307, WARF Building, Madison, WI 53726, USA.

Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a rare yet aggressive form of breast cancer. We examined differences in patient demographics and outcomes in IBC compared to locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) and all other breast cancer patients from the Breast and Prostate Cancer Data Quality and Patterns of Care Study (POC-BP), containing information from cancer registries in seven states. Out of 7,624 cases of invasive carcinoma, IBC and LABC accounted for 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/7574946DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5574219PMC
August 2017
13 Reads

Prevalence of EGFR Mutations in Lung Cancer in Uruguayan Population.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2017 28;2017:6170290. Epub 2017 Jun 28.

Servicio de Oncología Clínica, Hospital de Clínicas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Background: Incorporation of molecular analysis of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene into routine clinical practice represents a milestone for personalized therapy of the non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the genetic testing of EGFR mutations has not yet become a routine clinical practice in developing countries. In view of different prevalence of such mutations among different ethnicities and geographic regions, as well as the limited existing data from Latin America, our aim was to study the frequency of major types of activating mutations of the EGFR gene in NSCLC patients from Uruguay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/6170290DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5506465PMC
June 2017
26 Reads

The Role of Neighborhood Characteristics in Late Stage Melanoma Diagnosis among Hispanic Men in California, Texas, and Florida, 1996-2012.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2017 18;2017:8418904. Epub 2017 Jun 18.

Sealy Center on Aging and Center to Eliminate Health Disparities, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA.

Background: Hispanics diagnosed with cutaneous melanoma are more likely to present at advanced stages but the reasons for this are unknown. We identify at high risk for late stage melanoma diagnosis (LSMD) and examine the contextual predictors of LSMD in California, Texas, and Florida.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study using geocoded state cancer registry data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/8418904DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5494113PMC
June 2017
5 Reads

Insurance Status Is Related to Receipt of Therapy and Survival in Patients with Early-Stage Pancreatic Exocrine Carcinoma.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2017 10;2017:4354592. Epub 2017 Apr 10.

College of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.

. The study objective was to determine how insurance status relates to treatment receipt and overall survival for patients with early-stage pancreatic exocrine carcinoma. . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/4354592DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5402230PMC
April 2017
9 Reads

Relationships between Global DNA Methylation in Circulating White Blood Cells and Breast Cancer Risk Factors.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2017 6;2017:2705860. Epub 2017 Apr 6.

Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA.

It is not yet clear whether white blood cell DNA global methylation is associated with breast cancer risk. In this review we examine the relationships between multiple breast cancer risk factors and three markers of global DNA methylation: , 5-mdC, and . A literature search was conducted using Pubmed up to April 1, 2016, using combinations of relevant outcomes such as "WBC methylation," "blood methylation," "blood methylation," and a comprehensive list of known and suspected breast cancer risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/2705860DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5397634PMC
April 2017
25 Reads

Cancer Prevention in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2017 22;2017:8312064. Epub 2017 Feb 22.

Center for Global Health, National Cancer Institute, New Delhi, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/8312064DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5340953PMC
February 2017
8 Reads

Patterns of Sociodemographic and Clinicopathologic Characteristics of Stages II and III Colorectal Cancer Patients by Age: Examining Potential Mechanisms of Young-Onset Disease.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2017 23;2017:4024580. Epub 2017 Jan 23.

Department of Epidemiology, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA; Center for Gastrointestinal Biology and Disease, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

As a first step toward understanding the increasing incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) in younger (age < 50) populations, we examined demographic, clinicopathologic, and socioeconomic characteristics and treatment receipt in a population-based sample of patients newly diagnosed with stages II and III CRC. Patients were sampled from the National Cancer Institute's Patterns of Care studies in 1990/91, 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2010 ( = 6, 862). Tumor characteristics and treatment data were obtained through medical record review and physician verification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/4024580DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5292385PMC
January 2017
10 Reads

A Case-Control Study of Risk Factors for Salivary Gland Cancer in Canada.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2017 4;2017:4909214. Epub 2017 Jan 4.

Science Integration Division, Social Determinant and Science Integration Directorate, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

. To assess the effect of various lifestyle risk factors on the risk of salivary gland cancer in Canada using data from a population-based case-control study. . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/4909214DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5241483PMC
January 2017
4 Reads

Role of Private Enterprise in Cancer Control in Low to Middle Income Countries.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2016 13;2016:7121527. Epub 2016 Dec 13.

Department of Public Health and Health Professions, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA.

About 65% of cancer deaths globally occur in low to middle income countries (LMICs) where prioritization and allocation of resources to cancer care are often quite poor. In the absence of governmental focus on this problem, public-private partnerships may be an avenue to provide effective cancer control. This manuscript highlights the establishment of a nongovernmental organization (NGO) to stimulate the development of partnerships between oncology professionals, private enterprise, and academic institutions, both locally and internationally. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7121527DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5187464PMC
December 2016
11 Reads

Genetic and Clinical Features of Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma: The Experience of a Single Center in Costa Rica.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2016 27;2016:9637173. Epub 2016 Nov 27.

Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia, San José, Costa Rica.

. Activating mutations in the gene leads to medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). Guidelines encourage performing analysis in subjects with hereditary and sporadic disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9637173DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5149694PMC
November 2016
7 Reads

Pattern and Distribution of Colorectal Cancer in Tanzania: A Retrospective Chart Audit at Two National Hospitals.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2016 14;2016:3769829. Epub 2016 Nov 14.

Adjunct Faculty, Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology, Arusha, Tanzania; University of Saskatchewan, Regina, SK, Canada.

. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a growing public health concern with increasing rates in countries with previously known low incidence. This study determined pattern and distribution of CRC in Tanzania and identified hot spots in case distribution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3769829DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5124659PMC
November 2016
7 Reads

Risk of Cancer among Commercially Insured HIV-Infected Adults on Antiretroviral Therapy.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2016 2;2016:2138259. Epub 2016 Nov 2.

University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

The objective of this study was to explore the cancer incidence rates among HIV-infected persons with commercial insurance who were on antiretroviral therapy and compare them with those rates in the general population. Paid health insurance claims for 63,221 individuals 18 years or older, with at least one claim with a diagnostic code for HIV and at least one filled prescription for an antiretroviral medication between January 1, 2006, and September 30, 2012, were obtained from the LifeLink® Health Plan Claims Database. The expected number of cancer cases in the general population for each gender-age group (<30, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, and >60 years) was estimated using incidence rates from the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2138259DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5110893PMC
November 2016
10 Reads

Screening of Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders Using Exfoliative Cytology: A Diagnostic Modality.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2016 18;2016:8134832. Epub 2016 Sep 18.

Department of Dentistry, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College & Hospital, Kalyani, West Bengal 74123, India.

. Oral exfoliative cytology (OEC) has been implemented in the diagnosis of pathologic lesions for ages. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the cytomorphological features of some of the commonest potentially malignant disorders (leukoplakia, lichen planus, and oral submucous fibrosis) through a simple procedure and illustrate its importance in mass screening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8134832DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5046052PMC
September 2016
4 Reads

Breast Cancer Prevalence and Mortality among Hispanic Subgroups in the United States, 2009-2013.

Authors:
Bijou R Hunt

J Cancer Epidemiol 2016 8;2016:8784040. Epub 2016 Sep 8.

Sinai Urban Health Institute, Sinai Health System, 1500 South Fairfield Avenue, Chicago, IL 60608-1797, USA.

Background. This paper presents data on breast cancer prevalence and mortality among US Hispanics and Hispanic subgroups, including Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, Central American, and South American. Methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8784040DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5031859PMC
September 2016
4 Reads

Coffee Consumption and the Incidence of Colorectal Cancer in Women.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2016 28;2016:6918431. Epub 2016 Apr 28.

Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.

Background. Higher coffee consumption has been associated with decreased incidence of colorectal cancer. Our objective was to examine the relationship of coffee intake to colorectal cancer incidence in a large observational cohort of postmenopausal US women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6918431DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4864536PMC
May 2016
21 Reads

Promoter Methylation and mRNA Expression of Response Gene to Complement 32 in Breast Carcinoma.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2016 29;2016:7680523. Epub 2016 Mar 29.

School of Dentistry, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan 9816743463, Iran.

Background. Response gene to complement 32 (RGC32), induced by activation of complements, has been characterized as a cell cycle regulator; however, its role in carcinogenesis is still controversial. In the present study we compared RGC32 promoter methylation patterns and mRNA expression in breast cancerous tissues and adjacent normal tissues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7680523DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4828546PMC
April 2016
4 Reads

The Influences of Health Insurance and Access to Information on Prostate Cancer Screening among Men in Dominican Republic.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2016 10;2016:7284303. Epub 2016 Mar 10.

Department of Geography, Western University, 1151 Richmond Street, London, ON, Canada N6A 5C2.

Objectives. Although research demonstrates the public health burden of prostate cancer among men in the Caribbean, relatively little is known about the factors that underlie the low levels of testing for the disease among this population. Study Design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7284303DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4806283PMC
April 2016
25 Reads

Prostate Cancer Screening in Jamaica: Results of the Largest National Screening Clinic.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2016 29;2016:2606805. Epub 2016 Feb 29.

Tropical Metabolism and Research Institute, University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica.

Prostate cancer is highly prevalent in Jamaica and is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Our aim was to evaluate the patterns of screening in the largest organized screening clinic in Jamaica at the Jamaica Cancer Society. A retrospective analysis of all men presenting for screening at the Jamaica Cancer Society from 1995 to 2005 was done. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2606805DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4789441PMC
April 2016
11 Reads

What Prevents Men Aged 40-64 Years from Prostate Cancer Screening in Namibia?

J Cancer Epidemiol 2016 10;2016:7962502. Epub 2016 Jan 10.

Department of Geography, Western University, 1151 Richmond Street, London, ON, Canada N6A 5C2.

Objectives. Although a growing body of evidence demonstrates the public health burden of prostate cancer in SSA, relatively little is known about the underlying factors surrounding the low levels of testing for the disease in the context of this region. Using Namibia Demographic Health Survey dataset (NDHS, 2013), we examined the factors that influence men's decision to screen for prostate cancer in Namibia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7962502DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4736914PMC
February 2016
19 Reads

Determinants of Cervical Cancer Screening Uptake among Women in Ilorin, North Central Nigeria: A Community-Based Study.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2016 6;2016:6469240. Epub 2016 Jan 6.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bowen University Teaching Hospital, P.O. BOX 15, Ogbomoso 210251, Nigeria.

Introduction. Cancer of the cervix is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women in developing countries. Screening is one of the most cost effective control strategies for the disease. Read More

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http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jce/2016/6469240/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6469240DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4736774PMC
February 2016
20 Reads

The Prevalence of HIV in Cancer Patients at the Surgical Oncology Unit of Donka University Hospital of Conakry (Guinea).

J Cancer Epidemiol 2015 3;2015:387896. Epub 2015 Dec 3.

Department of General Surgery, University Hospital of Conakry, Guinea.

Aim. To determine the prevalence of HIV infection among patients seen at the surgical oncology unit of Donka (Conakry, Guinea). Method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/387896DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4681823PMC
January 2016
26 Reads

Patterns of Benign and Malignant Lesions of the Thyroid in Two Wilayahs of Northeastern Algeria.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2015 22;2015:849416. Epub 2015 Nov 22.

Research Laboratory "Ecology Terrestrial and Aquatic Systems" (EcoSTAq), Team "Emerging Diseases and Environment", University Badji Mokhtar, Annaba, Algeria.

The aim of this study is to compare histological patterns and to estimate the burden of thyroid cancers in the two Wilayahs (departments) of El-Taref and Guelma in northeast of Algeria (total population 0.9 million), locally reputed as having different rates of endemic thyroid diseases and cancer. A retrospective analysis of central pathology registers and clinical records of patients with thyroid diseases, covering the period 2008-2012, was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/849416DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4670666PMC
December 2015
39 Reads

Traditional Dietary Pattern Increases Risk of Prostate Cancer in Argentina: Results of a Multilevel Modeling and Bias Analysis from a Case-Control Study.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2015 16;2015:179562. Epub 2015 Nov 16.

Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Haya de la Torre Esquina Enfermera Gordillo, Ciudad Universitaria, 5016 Córdoba, Argentina ; Escuela de Nutrición, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Enrique Barros s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, 5016 Córdoba, Argentina.

There is increasing evidence that dietary habits play a role in prostate cancer (PC) occurrence. Argentinean cancer risk studies require additional attention because of the singular dietary pattern of this population. A case-control study (147 PC cases, 300 controls) was conducted in Córdoba (Argentina) throughout 2008-2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/179562DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4663343PMC
December 2015
28 Reads

Incidence of Gastric Cancer in Marrakech and Casablanca, Morocco.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2015 21;2015:704569. Epub 2015 Oct 21.

Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA.

Gastric cancer is the fifth most common cancer globally with over 70% of new cases occurring in developing countries. In Morocco, oncologists in Marrakech suspected higher frequency of gastric cancer compared to Casablanca, a city 150 kilometers away. This study calculated age-specific, sex-specific, and total incidence rates of gastric cancer in Marrakech and was compared to the Casablanca population-based cancer registry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/704569DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4631898PMC
November 2015
22 Reads

Occupational Exposure to Diesel Motor Exhaust and Lung Cancer: A Dose-Response Relationship Hidden by Asbestos Exposure Adjustment? The ICARE Study.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2015 3;2015:879302. Epub 2015 Sep 3.

INSERM, Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Santé des Populations (CESP), U1018, Equipe Epidémiologie des Cancers, Gènes et Environnement, Bâtiment 15/16, 16 Avenue Paul Vaillant Couturier, 94807 Villejuif, France.

Background. In a French large population-based case-control study we investigated the dose-response relationship between lung cancer and occupational exposure to diesel motor exhaust (DME), taking into account asbestos exposure. Methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/879302DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4573883PMC
October 2015
13 Reads

The Influence of Socioeconomic Status on Racial/Ethnic Disparities among the ER/PR/HER2 Breast Cancer Subtypes.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2015 3;2015:813456. Epub 2015 Aug 3.

Sutter Institute for Medical Research, Sacramento, CA, USA.

Background. The eight ER/PR/HER2 breast cancer subtypes vary widely in demographic and clinicopathologic characteristics and survival. This study assesses the contribution of SES to the risk of mortality for blacks, Hispanics, Asian/Pacific Islanders, and American Indians when compared with white women for each ER/PR/HER2 subtype. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/813456DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4539118PMC
September 2015
4 Reads

Serum IGFBP-2 and Risk of Atypical Hyperplasia of the Breast.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2015 28;2015:203284. Epub 2015 May 28.

Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.

Atypical hyperplasia of the breast (AH) is associated with increased risk of subsequent invasive breast cancer, yet little is known about the etiology of AH. Insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 (IGFBP-2) may contribute to the development of AH due to its proliferative effects on mammary tissue. We conducted a nested case-control study of postmenopausal women enrolled in Women's Health Initiative-Clinical Trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/203284DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4464590PMC
June 2015
9 Reads

Impact of Diabetes Status and Medication on Presentation, Treatment, and Outcome of Stage II Colon Cancer Patients.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2015 5;2015:189132. Epub 2015 May 5.

Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, VIC 3050, Australia ; Western Hospital, Footscray, VIC 3011, Australia ; BioGrid Australia, Melbourne, VIC 3050, Australia.

Diabetes is a risk factor for colorectal cancer and several reports suggest worse cancer-specific outcomes in diabetes patients. Recent studies in multiple tumour types indicate metformin may positively impact on cancer-specific and overall survival. A population-based series of stage II colorectal cancer patients treated and followed from 2000 to 2013 were analysed for baseline characteristics, treatment, and outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/189132DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4436511PMC
June 2015
11 Reads

Colorectal cancer in iran: molecular epidemiology and screening strategies.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2015 15;2015:643020. Epub 2015 Jan 15.

Hematology and Oncology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Purpose. The increasing incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) in the past three decades in Iran has made it a major public health burden. This study aimed to report its epidemiologic features, molecular genetic aspects, survival, heredity, and screening pattern in Iran. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4312646PMC
February 2015
24 Reads

Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer Clinicopathologic Features and Survival Outcomes in Asian Pacific Islanders Residing in the United States: A SEER Analysis.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2015 15;2015:269304. Epub 2015 Jan 15.

Department of Hematology-Oncology, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, NY 10065, USA.

Background. The objective of our study was to ascertain racial/ethnic disparities in Asian/Pacific Islanders (API) for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) clinicopathologic features and survival outcomes based on various tumor characteristics and treatment modalities. Method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/269304DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4312650PMC
February 2015
25 Reads

Increase in Distant Stage Breast Cancer Incidence Rates in US Women Aged 25-49 Years, 2000-2011: The Stage Migration Hypothesis.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2015 8;2015:710106. Epub 2015 Jan 8.

Private Practice, 241 Stonecrest Drive, Bristol, CT 06010, USA.

Background. Unexplained increases have been reported in incidence rates for breast cancer diagnosed at distant stage in younger U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/710106DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4306410PMC
February 2015
12 Reads

The Relationship between Eating and Lifestyle Habits and Cancer in Van Lake Region: Another Endemic Region for Esophageal and Gastric Cancers.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2015 15;2015:254823. Epub 2015 Jan 15.

Department of Biometry and Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Van Yüzüncü Yıl University, 65080 Van, Turkey.

Purpose. To examine the relationship between esophageal and gastric cancers commonly seen in Van Lake region and the traditional eating habits of the geography. Materials and Methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/254823DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4310488PMC
February 2015
14 Reads

Cancer mortality pattern in lagos university teaching hospital, lagos, Nigeria.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2015 5;2015:842032. Epub 2015 Jan 5.

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Lagos/Lagos University Teaching Hospital, PMB 12003, Lagos, Nigeria.

Background. Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide and about 70% of all cancer deaths occurred in low- and middle-income countries. The cancer mortality pattern is quite different in Africa compared to other parts of the world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/842032DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4299790PMC
January 2015
13 Reads

Incidence and outcomes of desmoplastic small round cell tumor: results from the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results database.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2014 5;2014:680126. Epub 2014 Nov 5.

Phoenix Children's Hospital, 1919 E. Thomas Road, Phoenix, AZ 85006, USA.

Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is a rare but highly fatal malignancy. Due to the rarity of this neoplasm, no large population based studies exist. Procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/680126DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4238280PMC
November 2014
10 Reads

Cancer incidence in egypt: results of the national population-based cancer registry program.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2014 21;2014:437971. Epub 2014 Sep 21.

Department of Medical Oncology, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background. This paper aims to present cancer incidence rates at national and regional level of Egypt, based upon results of National Cancer Registry Program (NCRP). Methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/437971DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4189936PMC
October 2014
18 Reads

Characterization of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia survival patterns by age at diagnosis.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2014 17;2014:865979. Epub 2014 Sep 17.

Nemours Biomedical Research, A. I. duPont Hospital for Children, 1600 Rockland Road, Wilmington, DE 19803, USA.

Age at diagnosis is a key prognostic factor in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) survivorship. However, literature providing adequate assessment of the survival variability by age at diagnosis is scarce. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of this prognostic factor in pediatric ALL survival. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4182848PMC
October 2014
7 Reads

Adipokines do not mediate the association of obesity and colorectal adenoma.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2014 13;2014:371254. Epub 2014 Aug 13.

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.

Purpose. The association between obesity and colon neoplasia is well established but the underlying biological mechanisms are not fully understood. Rates of both obesity and colon cancer differ by race. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/371254DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4147295PMC
September 2014
11 Reads

Associations of census-tract poverty with subsite-specific colorectal cancer incidence rates and stage of disease at diagnosis in the United States.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2014 3;2014:823484. Epub 2014 Aug 3.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Albany, State University of New York, Albany, One University Place, Rensselaer, NY 12144, USA.

Background. It remains unclear whether neighborhood poverty contributes to differences in subsite-specific colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence. We examined associations between census-tract poverty and CRC incidence and stage by anatomic subsite and race/ethnicity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/823484DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4137551PMC
August 2014
19 Reads

Smokeless tobacco and oral cancer in South Asia: a systematic review with meta-analysis.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2014 6;2014:394696. Epub 2014 Jul 6.

Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology-BIPS, Achterstraße 30, 28359 Bremen, Germany.

Introduction. Smokeless tobacco is considered one of the major risk factors for oral cancer. It is estimated that over 90% of the global smokeless tobacco use burden is in South Asia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/394696DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4109110PMC
August 2014
5 Reads

Breast Cancer Survival Defined by the ER/PR/HER2 Subtypes and a Surrogate Classification according to Tumor Grade and Immunohistochemical Biomarkers.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2014 26;2014:469251. Epub 2014 May 26.

Sutter Institute for Medical Research, 2801 Capitol Avenue, Suite 400, Sacramento, CA 95816, USA.

Introduction. ER, PR, and HER2 are routinely available in breast cancer specimens. The purpose of this study is to contrast breast cancer-specific survival for the eight ER/PR/HER2 subtypes with survival of an immunohistochemical surrogate for the molecular subtype based on the ER/PR/HER2 subtypes and tumor grade. Read More

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http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jce/2014/469251/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/469251DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4058253PMC
June 2014
51 Reads