20,486 results match your criteria Journal of Burn Care & Research[Journal]


The wound healing and antibacterial potential of triple-component nanocomposite (chitosan-silver-sericin) films loaded with moxifloxacin.

Int J Pharm 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Pharmacy, COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus 54000, Pakistan. Electronic address:

Aim: The current study reports the development and evaluation of chitosan-sericin-silver nanocomposite (CSSN) films without and with moxifloxacin (Mox).

Methodology: The film preparation method involved the in-situ synthesis of silver nanoparticles within the chitosan-sericin colloidal composite followed by preparation into a film by solvent casting technique. In-situ formation and the particle size analysis of the silver nanoparticles was performed via UV-Visible and zeta-size spectrometer. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03785173193030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2019.04.046DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Comparison of a Potential Hospital Quality Metric With Existing Metrics for Surgical Quality-Associated Readmission.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 Apr 5;2(4):e191313. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Veterans Affairs, Palo Alto, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Palo Alto, California.

Importance: The existing readmission quality metric does not meaningfully distinguish readmissions associated with surgical quality from those that are not associated with surgical quality and thus may not reflect the quality of surgical care.

Objective: To compare a quality metric that classifies readmissions associated with surgical quality with the existing metric of any unplanned readmission in a surgical population.

Design, Setting, And Participants: Cohort study using US nationwide administrative data collected on 4 high-volume surgical procedures performed at 103 Veterans Affairs hospitals from October 1, 2007, through September 30, 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1313DOI Listing

Evaluation of vitamin D biosynthesis and pathway target genes reveals UGT2A1/2 and EGFR polymorphisms associated with epithelial ovarian cancer in African American Women.

Cancer Med 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

An association between genetic variants in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene and epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) was previously reported in women of African ancestry (AA). We sought to examine associations between genetic variants in VDR and additional genes from vitamin D biosynthesis and pathway targets (EGFR, UGT1A, UGT2A1/2, UGT2B, CYP3A4/5, CYP2R1, CYP27B1, CYP24A1, CYP11A1, and GC). Genotyping was performed using the custom-designed 533,631 SNP Illumina OncoArray with imputation to the 1,000 Genomes Phase 3 v5 reference set in 755 EOC cases, including 537 high-grade serous (HGSOC), and 1,235 controls. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/cam4.1996
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cam4.1996DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Is the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System Good for the Kidney in Acute Settings?

Nephron 2019 Apr 18:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Anaesthesiology, Critical Care Medicine and Burn unit, AP-HP, Saint Louis University Hospitals, Paris, France,

The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a major role in the regulation of blood pressure, renal hemodynamic, myocardial contractility via an enzymatic cascade leading to the synthesis of angiotensin 2. The activation of the RAAS system after acute kidney injury triggers renal inflammation and fibrotic process with long-term damaging consequences. To date, there is still a debate on the benefits of RAAS for the kidney in acute settings. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/499940
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000499940DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Urban Frostbite: Strategies for Limb Salvage.

J Burn Care Res 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery The Burn and Complex Wound Center The University of Chicago Medicine Chicago, IL.

Introduction: Under ideal circumstances, severely frostbitten extremities are rapidly rewarmed and treated with thrombolytic therapy within 6-24 hours. In an "inner city," urban environment, most patients who suffer frostbite injuries present in a delayed fashion, sustain repeated injuries further complicated by psychological issues or intoxication, and are rarely ideal candidates for thrombolytic therapy within the prescribed timeframe. We describe our experience with the treatment of urban frostbite injuries. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jbcr/advance-article/doi/10.1093/jb
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/irz062DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Non-Ionizing Radiation in Swedish Health Care-Exposure and Safety Aspects.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 2;16(7). Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Radiation Sciences, Umeå University, S-90185 Umeå, Sweden.

The main aim of the study was to identify and describe methods using non-ionizing radiation (NIR) such as electromagnetic fields (EMF) and optical radiation in Swedish health care. By examining anticipated exposure levels and by identifying possible health hazards we also aimed to recognize knowledge gaps in the field. NIR is mainly used in health care for diagnosis and therapy. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/16/7/1186
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071186DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Pediatric Emergency Medicine Simulation Curriculum: Hyponatremic Seizures.

MedEdPORTAL 2016 Nov 10;12:10498. Epub 2016 Nov 10.

Co-Director of Pediatric Emergency Medicine Simulation, Seattle Children's Hospital; Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine.

Introduction: Seizures are a common complaint in the pediatric emergency department. Effective care of this potentially life-threatening medical emergency requires the ability to stabilize the patient while simultaneously identifying and treating the underlying cause. This simulation-based curriculum involves the identification and management of a generalized seizure in a 4-month-old infant secondary to hyponatremia. Read More

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https://www.mededportal.org/publication/10498
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10498DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440407PMC
November 2016
2 Reads

Really Early Enteral Nutrition Reduces Mortality in Patients With Major Burn Injury.

Crit Care Med 2019 May;47(5):e433-e434

Respiratory Department, Hangzhou Third Hospital, Hangzhou, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000003668DOI Listing

Management of Major Burns in 37 Casualties of a Colored Powder Explosion: Experience of the Linkou Burn Center in Taiwan.

Ann Plast Surg 2019 May;82(5):512-519

From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, and.

Background: On June 27, 2015, a colored powder explosion occurred in Taiwan. As a result, 499 people were injured, and over 200 people were in critical condition because of severe burns. Forty-nine casualties were transported to the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000001928DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Lessons Learned From a Burn-Injured Pediatric Patient With Dandy-Walker Syndrome After Multiple Anesthetics: A Case Report.

A A Pract 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

From the Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.

Dandy-Walker syndrome is a rare congenital brain malformation that requires unique anesthetic considerations. We present a rare case of an 18-month-old boy with Dandy-Walker syndrome presenting with 17% total body surface area burns undergoing multiple general anesthetics for both operative and bedside procedures. Numerous lessons were learned during multiple anesthetics, which influenced and guided our subsequent anesthetic management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1213/XAA.0000000000001014DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Using Bioactive Glasses in the Management of Burns.

Front Bioeng Biotechnol 2019 28;7:62. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Applied Science and Technology Department, Institute of Materials Physics and Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy.

The management of burn injuries is considered an unmet clinical need and, to date, no fully satisfactory solution exists to this problem. This mini-review aims to explore the potential of bioactive glasses (BGs) for burn care due to the therapeutic effects of their ionic dissolution products. BGs have been studied for more than 40 years and boast a long successful history in the substitution of damaged tissues, especially bone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fbioe.2019.00062DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447657PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Knowledge and practices related to burn first aid among Majmaah community, Saudi Arabia.

J Family Med Prim Care 2019 Feb;8(2):594-598

Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine and Epidemiology, College of Medicine, Majmaah University, Al Majma'ah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Background: Burns in developing countries account for significant morbidity and mortality which have been shown by increasing burn first aid awareness. In general, flames, scalds, and contact burns are the most common causes, but in children scalds are the most common.

Objectives: This study aims to assess the general knowledge and practices related to burn first aid among Majmaah community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_382_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436272PMC
February 2019

Awareness of Cosmetic Dermatology Procedures among Health Workers in a Tertiary Care Hospital.

Authors:
Deeptara P Thapa

Indian Dermatol Online J 2019 Mar-Apr;10(2):139-143

Department of Dermatology, Nepal Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Gokarneshwar, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Introduction: Cosmetic dermatology is a branch of dermatology which deals with the enhancement of beauty. There is a rise in cosmetic dermatological procedures throughout the world, but its awareness is limited not only in the general population but also among the health workers.

Materials And Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study to know the knowledge and awareness of cosmetic dermatological procedures among health workers in a hospital setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/idoj.IDOJ_70_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434758PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Auto-transplantation of amnion-chorion membrane in a burned pregnant patient at term.

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2018 Dec;31(4):292-297

University Hassan II, Casablanca, Morocco.

Burn in pregnancy represents a threat to the mother and the fetus. Burn care in pregnant women is not well codified. An aggressive treatment including oxygen supplementation, smart fluid resuscitation and early excision has been reported. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441572PMC
December 2018

Toxic epidermal necrolysis after acute burn injury.

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2018 Dec;31(4):266-270

National Burns Unit, Saint James' Hospital, Dublin, Republic of Ireland.

Toxic epidermal necrolysis is a rare, potentially fatal disorder that involves large areas of skin desquamation. Patients with toxic epidermal necrolysis are frequently referred to burn centres for expert wound management and early comprehensive critical care as this has been shown to improve patient outcome and mortality. The authors describe the first report of medication-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis occurring in a patient during acute burn management in a tertiary burn care facility. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441584PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Key factors for sustainable integration of pharmacists in team-based primary care physician practices.

J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Objectives: To (1) identify strategies for financial justification of pharmacists integrated into team-based primary care, (2) describe the payment models currently used for integration of pharmacists into team-based primary care, and (3) elicit key factors facilitating sustainable pharmacist-provided patient care services in the primary care setting.

Design: Qualitative analysis using semistructured interviews.

Setting: Nonacademic outpatient primary care physician practices throughout the United States from January to April 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.japh.2019.02.005DOI Listing

Effects on staff outcomes from an intervention for management of neuropsychiatric symptoms in residents of young-onset dementia care units: A cluster randomised controlled trial.

Int J Nurs Stud 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Radboud University Medical Centre, Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, Department of Primary and Community Care, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Radboud Alzheimer Centre, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; De Waalboog, "Joachim en Anna", Centre for Specialized Geriatric Care, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Background: Neuropsychiatric symptoms are common in nursing home residents with young-onset dementia and burdensome for nursing staff. It is known that neuropsychiatric symptoms are associated with burn-out complaints and low job satisfaction. An intervention aimed at decreasing neuropsychiatric symptoms in nursing home residents with young-onset dementia might also result in less burnout complaints and job demands and improve job satisfaction in nursing staff. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2019.03.006DOI Listing

Effects of repeat prenatal corticosteroids given to women at risk of preterm birth: An individual participant data meta-analysis.

PLoS Med 2019 Apr 12;16(4):e1002771. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Royal Women's Hospital, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Infants born preterm compared with infants born at term are at an increased risk of dying and of serious morbidities in early life, and those who survive have higher rates of neurological impairments. It remains unclear whether exposure to repeat courses of prenatal corticosteroids can reduce these risks. This individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis (MA) assessed whether repeat prenatal corticosteroid treatment given to women at ongoing risk of preterm birth in order to benefit their infants is modified by participant or treatment factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002771DOI Listing
April 2019
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Heparin induced fever: A case report and literature review.

J Burn Care Res 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Plastic Surgery, University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa, FL.

Burn patients are often plagued by fever due to the inflammatory nature of their injuries as well as the normal post-operative Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome. One etiology for fever, often not initially considered, is drug-induced fever. A rare cause of drug-induced fever is heparin with only one documented case reported in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/irz064DOI Listing

Epidemiology and cost of pediatric injury in Yaoundé, Cameroon: a prospective study.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Surgery, University of California, Los Angeles, 10833 Le Conte Ave, 72-215 CHS, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.

Purpose: Unintentional injury is the leading cause of death among children aged 10-19 years and over 95% of injury deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). As patterns of injury in the pediatric population may differ from those in adults, risks specific to children in LMICs need to be identified for effective injury prevention and treatment. This study explores patterns of pediatric injury epidemiology and cost in Yaoundé, Cameroon to inform injury prevention and resource allocation. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00068-019-01104-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00068-019-01104-6DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Patterns and outcomes of paediatric trauma at a tertiary teaching hospital in Kenya.

Afr J Emerg Med 2019 5;9(Suppl):S47-S51. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

The Aga Khan University, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Sunny Plaza | Wangapala Rd, off 4th Parklands Avenue, P.O. Box 39340 - 00623, Nairobi, Kenya.

Introduction: Trauma continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality especially in the paediatric population of low- and middle-income countries such as Kenya. The aim of this study was to establish the profile and outcomes of admitted paediatric trauma cases at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi.

Methods: This retrospective, descriptive study involved a 12-month chart review (January 2016-December 2016). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2211419X183005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.afjem.2018.12.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440923PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Trauma intensive care in a terror-ravaged, resource-constrained setting: Are we prepared for the emerging challenge?

Afr J Emerg Med 2019 14;9(Suppl):S32-S37. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Division of Plastic and Reconstruction Surgery, Department of Surgery, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria.

Introduction: Trauma in developing countries has been on the increase, a situation perpetuated by rising road traffic collisions, terrorism and firearms proliferation. Some of the victims of trauma are left with life threatening conditions requiring urgent surgical intervention and/or intensive care. The objectives of this study were to determine the pattern of major trauma needing intensive care in the region, and to determine the outcome of major trauma admitted to intensive care unit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.afjem.2018.12.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440917PMC
February 2019

Negative pressure wound therapy versus microcurrent electrical stimulation in wound healing in burns.

J Wound Care 2019 Apr;28(4):214-219

Assistant Professor, Department of Basic Science for Physical Therapy, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Egypt.

Objective: To compare the efficacy of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) with that of microcurrent electrical stimulation (MES) on wound surface area, length of stay (LoS) and colony count of wounds in patients with burns.

Method: Patients with thermal dermal burn injuries covering 25-40% of total body surface area were enrolled in this clinical trial. Participants were randomly allocated into three, equal-sized groups: patients receiving NPWT, patients receiving MES and a control group which received standard wound care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/jowc.2019.28.4.214DOI Listing

Is point-of-care ultrasound a reliable predictor of outcome during atraumatic, non-shockable cardiac arrest? A systematic review and meta-analysis from the SHoC investigators.

Resuscitation 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Canada.

Aims: To evaluate the accuracy of PoCUS in predicting return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), survival to hospital admission (SHA), and survival to hospital discharge (SHD) in adult non-traumatic, non-shockable out-of-hospital or emergency department cardiac arrest.

Methods: Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane, CINAHL, ClinicalTrials.gov and the World Health Organization Registry were searched for eligible studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2019.03.027DOI Listing
April 2019
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microRNA-30a inhibits the liver cell proliferation and promotes cell apoptosis through the JAK/STAT signaling pathway by targeting SOCS-1 in rats with sepsis.

J Cell Physiol 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine Postdoctoral Research Station, Jinan University, Shenzhen, People's Republic of China.

Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory response that may be induced by trauma, infection, surgery, and burns. With the aim of discovering novel treatment targets for sepsis, this current study was conducted to investigate the effect and potential mechanism by which microRNA-30a (miR-30a) controls sepsis-induced liver cell proliferation and apoptosis. Rat models of sepsis were established by applying the cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) method to simulate sepsis models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.28410DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Primary Care Physician Perceptions of Female Pelvic Floor Disorders.

Hawaii J Med Public Health 2019 Apr;78(4):132-136

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Women's Health, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai'i, Honolulu, HI.

Primary care physicians (PCPs) play a major role in patient access to appropriate health care. This study examines PCPs' perceptions and management of female pelvic floor disorders. Surveys were mailed to family medicine and internal medicine physicians associated with the Hawai'i Medical Service Association. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452021PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Predictive energy equations are inaccurate for determining energy expenditure in adult burn injury: a retrospective observational study.

ANZ J Surg 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Victorian Adult Burns Service, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Severe burn injuries are associated with hypermetabolism. This study aimed to compare the measured energy expenditure (mEE) with predicted energy requirements (pERs), and to correlate energy expenditure (EE) with clinical parameters in adults with severe burn injury.

Methods: Data were retrospectively analysed on 29 burn patients (median (interquartile range) age: 46 (28-61) years, % total body surface area burn: 37% (18-46%)) admitted to an intensive care unit. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ans.15119
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.15119DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Increased breast cancer risk in women with neurofibromatosis type 1: a meta-analysis and systematic review of the literature.

Hered Cancer Clin Pract 2019 25;17:12. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

1Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH 43210 USA.

Background: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a cancer predisposing syndrome. Studies suggest that women < 50 years old (y.o. Read More

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https://hccpjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1305
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13053-019-0110-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434896PMC
March 2019
6 Reads

The nursing profession: a critical component of the growing need for a nuclear global health workforce.

Confl Health 2019 25;13. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

5Department of Health Policy and Management, Institute for Disaster Management, University of Georgia, College of Public Health, Athens, USA.

Background: Instability in the global geopolitical climate and the continuing spread of nuclear weapons and increase in their lethality has made the exchange of nuclear weapons or a terrorist attack upon a nuclear power plant a serious issue that demands appropriate planning for response. In response to this threat, the development of a nuclear global health workforce under the technical expertise of the International Atomic Energy Agency and the World Health Organization Radiation Emergency Medical Preparedness and Assistance Network has been proposed.

Main Body Of The Abstract: As the largest component of the global healthcare workforce, nurses will play a critical role in both the leadership and health care effectiveness of a response to any public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC) resulting from the unprecedented numbers of trauma, thermal burn, and radiation affected patients that will require extensive involvement of the nursing professional community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13031-019-0197-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434856PMC

Supporting children with burns: Developing a UK parent-focused peer-informed website to support families of burn-injured children.

Patient Educ Couns 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Centre for Appearance Research, Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK.

Background: Children's burn injuries can have a significant psychosocial impact on parents. However, the stress involved in caring for a child following a burn can often go unrecognized and does not necessarily prompt help seeking by parents.

Objective: It is common for adults to seek health-related support and information via the Internet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2019.04.003DOI Listing

It still hurts! Persistent pain and use of pain medication one year after injury.

Am J Surg 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma, Burn and Surgical Critical Care, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA USA.

Background: Given the scarce literature data on chronic post-traumatic pain, we aim to identify early predictors of long-term pain and pain medication use after major trauma.

Methods: Major trauma patients (Injury Severity Score ≥ 9) from three Level I Trauma Centers at 12 months after injury were interviewed for daily pain using the Trauma Quality of Life questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression models identified patient- and injury-related independent predictors of pain and use of pain medication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2019.03.022DOI Listing

Frailty Identification and Care Pathway: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Care for Older Trauma Patients.

J Am Coll Surg 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Division of Trauma, Burn, and Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA. Electronic address:

Background: Frailty is a well-established marker of poor outcomes in geriatric trauma patients. There are few interventions to improve outcomes in this growing population. Our goal was to determine if an interdisciplinary care pathway for frail trauma patients improved in-hospital mortality, complications, and 30-day readmissions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2019.02.052DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Neodermis formation in full thickness wounds using an esterified hyaluronic acid matrix.

J Burn Care Res 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Consulting Inc, Doral, FL.

The role of the dermis is essential for the proper orchestration of all phases of the normal wound healing process. Wounds with seriously damaged or even absent dermis consistently show seriously impaired wound healing and/or long-term complications such as hypertrophic scarring. Replacing a damaged dermis requires a dermal matrix that is compatible with, or even stimulates, the process of wound healing. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jbcr/advance-article/doi/10.1093/jb
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/irz057DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

Identifying the Needs of Family Members in Burn Care-Nurses' Different Approaches.

J Burn Care Res 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Uppsala University, Sweden.

The aim of this study was to explore how nurses in burn care identify family members' needs of support and what support the nurses offer. Family members are an important source of short- and long-term support for burn survivors. Being a family member in burn specific as well as general care can be challenging in several ways. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/irz018DOI Listing

Multicentre pilot randomised clinical trial of early in-bed cycle ergometry with ventilated patients.

BMJ Open Respir Res 2019 18;6(1):e000383. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Acute rehabilitation in critically ill patients can improve post-intensive care unit (post-ICU) physical function. In-bed cycling early in a patient's ICU stay is a promising intervention. The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility of recruitment, intervention delivery and retention in a multi centre randomised clinical trial (RCT) of early in-bed cycling with mechanically ventilated (MV) patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjresp-2018-000383DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6424272PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

"She Would Love That": Identifying Community Needs in a Multisensory Environment.

Prog Community Health Partnersh 2019 ;13(1):39-49

Background: CareWays Community, a not-for-profit organization that provides community care services within the Illawarra region of Australia, and researchers from the University of Wollongong (Australia) collaborated to conduct research into the requirements and requests of the local community regarding the creation of a multisensory environment (MSE).

Objectives: Guided by the principles of community-based participatory research (CBPR), we sought to gain an understanding of what the community wanted with respect to the design and implementation of a MSE, before its construction at a local community center managed by CareWays.

Methods: A mixed methods approach was adopted to access as many participants as possible. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/cpr.2019.0007DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

"My pharmacist": Creating and maintaining relationship between physicians and pharmacists in primary care settings.

Res Social Adm Pharm 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

School of Pharmacy, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Pharmacists and physicians are being increasingly encouraged to adopt a collaborative approach to patient care, and delivery of health services. Strong collaboration between pharmacists and physicians is known to improve patient safety, however pharmacists have expressed difficulty in developing interprofessional working relationships. There is not a significant body of knowledge around how relationships influence how and when pharmacists and physicians communicate about patient care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2019.03.144DOI Listing

Insulin-like growth factor 2 regulates the proliferation and differentiation of rat adipose-derived stromal cells via IGF-1R and IR.

Cytotherapy 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, Chongqing, 400014 China; China International Science and Technology Cooperation Base of Child Development and Critical Disorders, Chongqing, 400014 China; Chongqing Engineering Research Center of Stem Cell Therapy, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China. Electronic address:

Background: Insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2), an essential component of the stem cell niche, has been reported to modulate the proliferation and differentiation of stem cells. Previously, a continuous expression of IGF2 in tissues was reported to maintain the self-renewal ability of several types of stem cells. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the expression of IGF2 in adipose tissues and explored the effects of IGF2 on adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSCs) in vitro. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcyt.2018.11.010DOI Listing
April 2019
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Skin-to-skin contact and what women want in the first hours after a caesarean section.

Midwifery 2019 Mar 27;74:140-146. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Western Sydney University, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW 2751 Australia; Ingham Institute, Liverpool Hospital, Liverpool, NSW Australia. Electronic address:

Objective: To explore women's experience of skin-to-skin contact and what women want in the first two hours after a caesarean.

Design: Audio recorded interviews were conducted with women as a part of a larger video ethnographic research study where video recordings, observations, field notes, focus groups and further in-depth interviews were conducted.

Setting: A metropolitan hospital in Sydney, Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2019.03.020DOI Listing
March 2019
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Racial disparities in post-discharge healthcare utilization after trauma.

Am J Surg 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma, Burn and Surgical Critical Care, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Racial disparities in trauma outcomes have been documented, but little is known about racial differences in post-discharge healthcare utilization. This study compares the utilization of post-discharge healthcare services by African-American and Caucasian trauma patients.

Methods: Trauma patients with an Injury Severity Score (ISS)≥9 from three Level-I trauma centers were contacted between 6 and 12 months post-injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2019.03.024DOI Listing

Balloon Catheter Dilatation for Treatment of a Patient with Cricopharyngeal Dysfunction After Thermal Burn Injury.

J Burn Care Res 2019 Apr 6. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul, Korea.

Deglutition disorder is a clinical symptom that has been associated with inhalation and cutaneous thermal burn injuries. Deglutition disorder is present in approximately 11% of patients with burn injury and is known to persist for weeks to months postinjury. Here, we report a case of deglutition disorder associated with cricopharyngeal dysfunction(CPD) in a patient with thermal burn injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/irz044DOI Listing
April 2019
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Risk Factors for Post-Operative Sepsis and Septic Shock in Patients Undergoing Emergency Surgery.

Surg Infect (Larchmt) 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

4 Department of Division of Trauma, Burns, Acute Care Surgery, and Surgical Critical Care, University of California, Irvine, Orange, California.

Background: Sepsis after emergency surgery is associated with a higher mortality rate than elective surgery, and total hospital costs increase by 2.3 times. This study aimed to identify risk factors for post-operative sepsis or septic shock in patients undergoing emergency surgery. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/sur.2018.186
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/sur.2018.186DOI Listing
April 2019
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The impact of assault by vitriolage on quality of life: Integrative review.

J Adv Nurs 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

Aims: To analyse quality of life post vitriolage and explore factors affecting an individual's everyday functioning after an acid attack.

Design: Integrative review.

Data Sources: Articles (N=570) retrieved from Medline, CINAHL Embase and Psychinfo between 2004-2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jan.14021DOI Listing

Outcomes of early use of an end of range axilla orthotic in children following burn injury.

J Burn Care Res 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Macquarie University, New South Wales, Australia.

Scar contracture is a significant complication of burn injury. This study aimed to describe outcomes of early axilla orthotic use at end of range abduction in children, following a burn to the axilla region. A retrospective review of 76 children (mean age 3. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jbcr/advance-article/doi/10.1093/jb
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/irz058DOI Listing
April 2019
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Effects of Urban Violence on Primary Healthcare: The Challenges of Community Health Workers in Performing House Calls in Dangerous Areas.

J Community Health 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear - IEN, Comissão Nacional de Energia Nuclear, CNEN, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Community health workers in developing countries usually perform house calls in degraded and violent territories. Thus, in this paper we study the effects of urban violence in the performance of CHWs in poorly developed territories, in order to understand the challenges of delivering care to dangerous communities in developing countries. We conducted telephone surveys for 5 months in 2017, within a systematic sample of 2. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10900-019-00657-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00657-2DOI Listing
April 2019
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Early postoperative oral feeding shortens first time of bowel evacuation and prevents long term hospital stay in patients undergoing elective small intestine anastomosis.

Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2019 ;12(1):25-30

Imam Hossein Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Aim: This study was conducted to compare outcome of early oral feeding (EOF) versus traditional oral feeding (TOF) in patients undergoing elective small intestine anastomosis.

Background: Appropriate nutritional support after major surgeries is a real medical concern. As traditional surgical techniques have been replaced by novel methods, postoperative care should be revised as well. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441485PMC
January 2019

Comparison of the effects of inhalation aromatherapy using Damask Rose aroma and the Benson relaxation technique in burn patients: A randomized clinical trial.

Burns 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Statistic and Mathematics Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Burn injuries are often accompanied by painful and distressing consequences, which can lead to long-term psychological issues. The most common form of anxiety in burn patients is pain anxiety. It is described as the feeling of fear and pain prediction caused by painful procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2019.03.001DOI Listing
April 2019
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The prevalence and development of burn scar contractures: A prospective multicenter cohort study.

Burns 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Burn Centre, Dept of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Red Cross Hospital, Beverwijk, The Netherlands; Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, Amsterdam Movement Sciences VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence and development of after burn joint limitation by scar contracture.

Methods: In 2011-2012, consecutive patients were enrolled in this prospective multi center cohort study. Eligible were all patients admitted to the 2 participating Dutch Burn Centers with acute burns across or adjacent to the neck, shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee and ankle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2019.03.007DOI Listing
April 2019
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