3,269 results match your criteria Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis[Journal]


A comparison of methods to teach foreign-language targets to young children.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Louisiana State University.

Using instructional strategies based on derived relational responding (DRR) to teach foreign-language targets may result in emergent, untrained foreign-language relations. One benefit of using DRR instructional strategies is the efficiency with which an individual acquires additional stimulus relations as a result of emergent responding following acquisition of one or a small number of relations. In the current study, we compared the efficiency of tact training alone to a traditional foreign-language teaching strategy (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.545DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Reinforcing the prospective remembering of children with autism spectrum disorder.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

The University of Waikato.

Prospective memory is remembering to carry out a behavior on a particular occasion or at a specific time in the future. This form of remembering is critical for the daily functioning of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their functional independence from caregivers. We used a single-subject design to investigate whether reinforcement increased the accuracy of prospective remembering in the context of a computerized board game, Virtual Week, of four 6- to 7-year-old children diagnosed with ASD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.546DOI Listing
February 2019

Evaluating the boundaries of analytic efficiency and control: A consecutive controlled case series of 26 functional analyses.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

University of North Texas & Child Study Center.

We conducted this study to determine if the efficiency of the functional analysis could be improved without detrimental effects on control. In Experiment 1, we reanalyzed functional analyses conducted for the problem behavior of 18 children. We analyzed rates of problem behavior during the first 5 min and first 3 min of the original 10-min sessions and evaluated if changes in the level of control over problem behavior by the programmed contingency were evident from the analyses of shorter session duration. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.544
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February 2019
7 Reads

Recent research on the relative efficiency of speaker and listener instruction for children with autism spectrum disorder.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

University of MissourIthe Thompson Center for Autism and Neurodevelopmental Disorders.

The traditional recommendation for sequencing speaker and listener instruction has been to teach listener skills prior to teaching speaker skills. In a review of the research literature prior to 2011, Petursdottir and Carr (2011) concluded that research did not support this recommendation. We reviewed the most recent research on the efficiency of skill acquisition during speaker and listener instruction and found similar results to Petursdottir and Carr. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.543DOI Listing
January 2019

The influence of contrived motivating operations on social discounting: Relative economic hardship affects choice.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Southern Illinois University.

Thirty-six participants were given three social discounting surveys, and each survey was preceded by one of three contrived hypothetical scenarios. In each scenario, the participant was asked to consider situations in which either the participant (SELF), a hypothetical other (OTHER), or both the participant and the hypothetical other (BOTH) were experiencing economic hardship (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.540DOI Listing
January 2019

Reducing adolescent cell phone usage using an interdependent group contingency.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

University of Kentucky.

The purpose of this study was to test the effects of an interdependent group contingency on cell phone usage in an alternative high school classroom. We used an ABAB reversal design to test the effects of the contingency on the cell phone usage of the entire class and an individual student. Results showed a reduction in the cell phone use of the class and the individual when the group contingency was in effect, demonstrating a functional relation between the contingency and student cell phone usage. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.538
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January 2019
12 Reads

An intervention using morphology to derive word meanings for English language learners.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

University of California, Riverside.

Many English language learners (ELL) experience academic and reading difficulties compared to native English speakers (NES). Lack of vocabulary knowledge is a contributing factor for these difficulties. Teaching students to analyze words into their constituent morphemes (meaningful word units) in order to determine the meaning of words may be an avenue to increase vocabulary knowledge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.539DOI Listing
January 2019

An analysis of treatment integrity of response interruption and redirection.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

The New England Center for Children Western New England University.

Response interruption and redirection has been shown to effectively decrease stereotypy, but its application outside an experimental setting has not been well studied. In Experiment 1, decreases in automatically maintained vocal stereotypy were obtained following treatment in a controlled setting for 3 participants diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Descriptive data on the consistency and accuracy of response interruption and redirection were then collected in the classroom setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.537DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads

Response latency as a measure of behavior in the assessment of elopement.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

University of Florida.

Elopement is a common form of problem behavior but is relatively underrepresented in the functional analysis literature. One barrier to assessing elopement experimentally is the need to retrieve the subject following an instance of elopement. This retrieval confounds programmed session contingencies when the goal is to obtain repeated measurement of free-operant behavior. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.541
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.541DOI Listing
January 2019
25 Reads

Incentivizing physical activity using token reinforcement with preschool children.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Jan 13. Epub 2019 Jan 13.

University of the Pacific.

We combined several single-subject designs to assess the effects of contingent and noncontingent token reinforcement on moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) exhibited by 4 preschool-aged children. Higher overall levels and longer bouts of MVPA reliably occurred when tokens were delivered contingent on MVPA for 3 of the 4 children when compared to baseline (no token) and for 2 of the 4 children when compared to noncontingent-token conditions. The present study demonstrated that the delivery of tokens contingent on MVPA can increase and maintain MVPA exhibited by preschool-aged children, resulting in more MVPA than in baseline conditions and conditions in which tokens are awarded without respect to MVPA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.536DOI Listing
January 2019

Evaluating motion detection to score sleep disturbance for children: a translational approach to developing a measurement system.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

California State University, Northridge.

Information obtained via direct observation of children's sleep disturbance throughout the night in their home can guide the assessment and treatment process, but watching live or via recorded video might be impractical in terms of time expenditures. In Experiment 1, we assessed the accuracy and reliability of a motion-detection camera with human motor movements. In Experiment 2, we tested the system's generality by using it to obtain in-home measures of sleep disturbance for three children with autism spectrum disorder and compared the accuracy to a continuous measurement system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.531DOI Listing
January 2019

A comparison of Nuk presentation and Nuk redistribution to treat packing.

J Appl Behav Anal 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

University of Nebraska Medical Center's Munroe-Meyer Institute.

Children with feeding disorders may pack food when they lack the oral-motor skills, the motivation, or both to swallow. Presenting bites on the tongue with a Nuk brush, or redistribution, replacing packed food on the tongue, are two treatments whose relative efficacy is untested. In the current study, we compared the effects of (a) presenting on an upright spoon, (b) presenting on a Nuk, and (c) redistributing with a Nuk on two product measures of swallowing, which we refer to as 15-s and 30-s mouth clean, for three children with feeding disorders. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.532
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December 2018
4 Reads

Script fading for children with autism: generalization of social initiation skills from school to home.

J Appl Behav Anal 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

The New York Child Learning Institute and Queens College.

We used a script-fading package to teach children with autism to initiate social interactions across various activities in the school setting, and we programmed for generalization in the untrained home setting with a sibling. The three participants, ages 8 to 10 years, demonstrated deficits in social initiations with their peers. During baseline, the participants emitted initiations to one another, although this behavior was variable and did not endure over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.534DOI Listing
December 2018

Effects of stimulus presentation order during auditory-visual conditional discrimination training for children with autism spectrum disorder.

J Appl Behav Anal 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Hunter College.

Children with autism spectrum disorder are typically taught conditional discriminations using a match-to-sample arrangement. Consideration should be given to the temporal order in which antecedent stimuli (the sample and comparison stimuli) are presented during match-to-sample trials, as various arrangements have been used in the extant literature. The purpose of the current study was to compare the effects of four stimulus presentation orders on the acquisition of auditory-visual conditional discriminations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.530DOI Listing
December 2018

Evaluating small-scale simulation for training firearm safety skills.

J Appl Behav Anal 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

University of South Florida.

There is limited research using small-scale simulation in applied behavior analysis. We used small-scale simulation to train firearm safety skills to 3- to 5-year-old children and assessed whether the skills generalized to the natural environment through in situ assessment. Three participants completed the training, and all participants learned the safety skills from simulation training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.535DOI Listing
December 2018

Evaluating different values of effort and reinforcement parameters under concurrent- and single-operant arrangements.

J Appl Behav Anal 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

University of Maryland, Baltimore County.

If particular parameters (e.g., reinforcer quality) are found to be preferred in a concurrent-operant arrangement, then these should be incorporated into interventions for maintaining skills in individuals with intellectual disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.533DOI Listing
December 2018

Effects of modeling rote versus varied responses on response variability and skill acquisition during discrete-trial instruction.

J Appl Behav Anal 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Florida Institute of Technology and The Scott Center for Autism Treatment.

Despite its advantages, discrete-trial instruction (DTI) has been criticized for producing rote responding. Although there is little research supporting this claim, if true, this may be problematic given the propensity of children with autism to engage in restricted and repetitive behavior. One feature that is common in DTI that may contribute to rote responding is the prompting and reinforcement of one correct response per discriminative stimulus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.528DOI Listing
December 2018

Abstraction of tactile properties by individuals with autism and down syndrome using a picture-based communication system.

J Appl Behav Anal 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Southern Illinois University.

The present study evaluated the efficacy of a set of procedures for bringing tact extensions of abstract tactile properties under stimulus control. Two participants with disabilities who communicated via a picture-based communication system received reinforcement for tacts of tactile properties of four wet/dry and four hard/soft stimuli. Test trials were conducted to evaluate the extent to which the participants' correct responding generalized to novel stimuli with the same tactile properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.526DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

A comparison of blocked and mixed-trial methods for teaching auditory-visual discriminations.

J Appl Behav Anal 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Little City Foundation.

Behavior analysts typically teach conditional discriminations in a mixed-trial format but may switch to a blocked-trial format for learners displaying limited acquisition. No known research has shown that mixed-trial methods are more effective or efficient than blocked-trial methods for teaching discriminations, so it is not clear why this format has been adopted as the "first-line" intervention. We compared blocked and mixed-trial formats for teaching novel auditory-visual discriminations to three adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.529DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Comparison of task interspersal ratios on efficiency of learning and problem behavior for children with autism spectrum disorder.

J Appl Behav Anal 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

University of North Texas.

The current study extends the literature on task interspersal (TI) by comparing the effects of four different TI ratios on the efficiency of skill acquisition and on levels of problem behavior in children with autism spectrum disorder and related disorders. The four ratios of TI were 3:1, 1:1, 1:3, and 0:1 mastered-to-acquisition tasks. An adapted alternating treatments design was implemented to compare the cumulative number of stimuli mastered, mean training time to mastery, rate of acquisition, and the level of problem behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.527DOI Listing
November 2018

A review of error correction procedures during instruction for children with developmental disabilities.

J Appl Behav Anal 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

University of North Carolina Wilmington.

Error correction procedures are remedial strategies presented following an incorrect response that increases the probability that a correct response will occur in the future. Error correction is commonly used during skill acquisition programs for children with developmental disabilities; however, the specific strategy used may differ considerably. Recent comparative studies have examined the effect of numerous error correction procedures on the efficiency of acquisition for children with developmental disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.524DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Relative preferences for edible and leisure stimuli in children with autism.

J Appl Behav Anal 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

University of Florida.

Prior researchers have reported a tendency for individuals with developmental disabilities to select edible items more often than leisure items when those items are presented together in stimulus preference assessments. However, children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), with whom many behavior analysts currently practice, are underrepresented in this body of literature. We conducted a replication of prior research with 26 children with ASD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.525DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Teaching a perspective-taking component skill to children with autism in the natural environment.

J Appl Behav Anal 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Pepperdine University.

We evaluated procedures for teaching three children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder the perspective-taking component skill of tacting what others are sensing across all five senses: see, taste, feel, hear, and smell. Using a multiple baseline across participants design, we evaluated a training package consisting of multiple exemplar training, reinforcement, and error correction. The treatment package was implemented in the natural environment and was effective for teaching participants to tact what others sensed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.523DOI Listing
November 2018

Comparing self-directed methods for training staff to create graphs using Graphpad Prism.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 1;52(1):188-204. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

New England Center for Children and Western New England University.

An important skill for behavior analysts is creating graphs that clearly convey outcomes and conform to publication conventions. GraphPad Prism is software designed for creating scientific graphs, but no prior research has empirically evaluated training graphing skills using Prism. Two effective training methods are enhanced written instructions (EWI) and video modeling with voiceover instructions (VMVO), but no single-subject studies have compared the effects of these methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.522DOI Listing
February 2019

Assessing factors that influence young children's food preferences and choices.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 30;52(1):240-257. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

University of Kansas.

Researchers have identified an unbalanced diet as a key risk factor in the etiology of many chronic diseases (World Health Organization, ). Although researchers have found that numerous factors influence children's food choices, no assessment exists to identify these factors. In Experiment 1, we established preliminary empirical evidence of children's preferences for healthier and less-healthy foods, and found that 16 of 21 children preferred less-healthy foods to healthier foods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.521DOI Listing
February 2019
14 Reads

Comparison of prompting procedures to teach internet skills to older adults.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 26;52(1):173-187. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Brock University.

The Internet and information and communications technologies (ICTs) have been found to produce meaningful social interactions and greater social support among older adults (White et al., ). Despite these benefits, the Internet and ICTs are not widely used among the older-adult population (Cresci, Yarandi, & Morrell, ). Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.519
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February 2019
10 Reads

Facilitating the emergence of convergent intraverbals in children with autism.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 25;52(1):28-49. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

University of Nebraska Medical Center's Munroe-Meyer Institute.

Convergent intraverbals represent a specific type of intraverbal in which multiple components of one speaker's verbal behavior control a specific verbal response from another speaker (e.g., Speaker 1: What wooly, horned animal lives in the high country? Speaker 2: Bighorn sheep). Read More

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February 2019

Comparing forward and backward chaining in teaching Olympic weightlifting.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 24;52(1):50-59. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

University of Southern Mississippi.

The popularity of Olympic-style weightlifting in fitness routines is growing, but participating in these exercises with improper technique places lifters at increased risk for injury. Fitness training professionals have developed multiple teaching strategies, but have not subjected these strategies to systematic evaluation, particularly with novice lifters. Two strategies recommended by professional training organizations are akin to forward and backward chaining, which have been shown effective at teaching other novel, complex behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.517DOI Listing
February 2019

Acquisition and generative responding following print-to-braille construction response training with sighted learners.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 24;52(1):286-298. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Marquette University.

Previous researchers have taught sighted adults to match braille sample stimuli to print comparisons in a matching-to-sample (MTS) format and assessed the emergence of other braille repertoires, such as transcribing and reading braille following this training. Although participants learned to match to sample with braille, they displayed limited emergence of other braille repertoires. Lack of generative responding may have resulted from participants' over-selective attending to components of compound braille characters during instruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.516DOI Listing
February 2019

Erratum.

Authors:

J Appl Behav Anal 2018 Oct;51(4):1011

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.518
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October 2018
4 Reads

Shifting preferences for choice-making opportunities through histories of differential reinforcer quality.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 9;52(1):227-239. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Marquette University.

Children of both typical and atypical cognitive development tend to prefer contexts in which their behavior results in a choice of reinforcers rather than a single reinforcer, even when the reinforcer accessed is identical across conditions. The origin of this preference has been attributed speculatively to behavioral histories in which choice making tends to be associated with differentially beneficial outcomes. Few studies have evaluated this claim, and those that have, have yielded mixed results. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.515
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February 2019
1 Read

Decreasing influence of arbitrarily applicable verbal relations of recreational gamblers: A randomized controlled trial.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 5;52(1):60-72. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Southern Illinois University.

Twenty-one recreational gamblers were randomly assigned to two groups; one group was exposed to a conditional discrimination relational training task to bias choice allocation to a black machine presented concurrently with a red machine, and the other group underwent the same relational training task immediately followed by a defusion procedure, designed to expand upon the relations developed in the initial relational task. Both groups completed a simulated slot-machine task before and after the relational training task, with or without the defusion procedure. Results showed that 9 of 11 participants in the relational training only group showed an increased bias toward the black machine, compared to only 4 of 10 in the relational training plus defusion group; this latter group also showed greater matched responding. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.511
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February 2019
2 Reads

An interest-based intervention package to increase peer social interaction in young children with autism spectrum disorder.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 30;52(1):132-149. Epub 2018 Sep 30.

The University of Texas at Austin.

The literature suggests that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) educated in inclusive settings generally do not interact with typically developing classmates during social activities. This study assessed whether an intervention package consisting of interest-based structured play activities involving adult instruction, modeling, and response to child questions would result in an increase in social interaction with typically developing peers. A multiple baseline design across four participants with an embedded reversal was used to demonstrate the effects of the intervention on social interaction during structured play sessions. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.514
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February 2019
1 Read

Does the Good Behavior Game evoke negative peer pressure? Analyses in primary and secondary classrooms.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 26;52(1):3-16. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

University of South Wales.

The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is a classroom management system that employs an interdependent group contingency, whereby students work as a team to win the game. Although previous anecdotal data have suggested that this arrangement may promote prosocial behavior, teachers may have concerns about its fairness and potential to evoke negative peer interactions (especially toward students who break the rules). We evaluated disruptive behaviors and social interactions during the GBG in a secondary classroom for students with emotional and behavioral disorders, as well as in a primary classroom for students with mild developmental disabilities. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.513
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February 2019
2 Reads

Minimizing resurgence of destructive behavior using behavioral momentum theory.

J Appl Behav Anal 2018 Oct 4;51(4):831-853. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

University of Nebraska Medical Center's Munroe-Meyer Institute.

The resurgence of destructive behavior can occur during functional communication training (FCT) if the alternative response contacts a challenge (e.g., extinction). Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.499
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6188838PMC
October 2018
1 Read

The rooting reflex as an infant feeding cue.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 24;52(1):17-27. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Western New England University.

Experts in infant health and development consider the rooting reflex a cue of a baby's hunger and recommend feeding the infant when this reflex occurs. However, the relation between rooting and infant feeding status has not been well established in the literature. In the current study, seven parents documented the occurrence of their newborns' rooting, crying, and a control reflex (palmar grasp) before, after, and between naturally occurring feedings. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.512
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February 2019
2 Reads

Evaluation of the accuracy, reliability, efficiency, and acceptability of fast forwarding to score problem behavior.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 24;52(1):315-334. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

California State University, Northridge.

Technological advances have allowed professionals to obtain extended recordings of caregiver-client interactions in natural settings, but scoring recorded video at normal speed to identify instances of low-rate problem behavior is impractical in terms of scoring time. Fast forwarding is a continuous measurement system in which all seconds of an observation are viewed at a speed faster than normal. In Study 1, we evaluated whether three groups of five observers could discriminate problem behavior at three fast-forwarding speeds across 10-min observations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.510DOI Listing
February 2019
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Comparison of components of the Good Behavior Game in a preschool classroom.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 23;52(1):84-104. Epub 2018 Sep 23.

University of Kansas.

The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is an effective intervention package for decreasing disruptive behavior in various populations and environments. There is, however, limited research evaluating the GBG with preschoolers. Furthermore, few studies have evaluated the effects of components of the GBG, and of those that have, most have done so only after exposure to the GBG package. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.506
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February 2019
1 Read

A review of environmental enrichment as treatment for problem behavior maintained by automatic reinforcement.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 21;52(1):299-314. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

California State University, Northridge.

We reviewed studies that used environmental enrichment as treatment for problem behavior maintained by automatic reinforcement. A search of behavior analytic journals produced 71 publications with a total of 265 applications of environmental enrichment used alone or in conjunction with alternative behavior manipulations (e.g. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.508
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February 2019
1 Read

Assessing the generality and durability of interview-informed functional analyses and treatment.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 20;52(1):271-285. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Regis College.

Due to the limited research demonstrating socially valid outcomes of function-based treatments in ecologically relevant environments (Santiago, Hanley, Moore, & Jin, 2016), we replicated and extended the effects of the interview-informed functional analysis and skill-based treatment procedure described by Hanley, Jin, Vanselow, and Hanratty (2014) with two children diagnosed with autism in a home setting. The assessment and treatment was implemented by a home-based service provider and treatment was extended to the participants' parents. Following the interview-informed functional analyses, we taught the participants functional communication responses and to engage in less-preferred activities when functional communication outcomes were delayed. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.504
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February 2019
1 Read

An evaluation of a punisher assessment for decreasing automatically reinforced problem behavior.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 20;52(1):205-226. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Western New England University.

We extended research on the identification and evaluation of potential punishers for decreasing automatically reinforced problem behavior in four individuals with autism spectrum disorder. A punisher selection interview was conducted with lead clinicians to identify socially acceptable punishers. During the treatment evaluation, treatment phases were introduced sequentially and included noncontingent reinforcement (NCR), NCR and differential reinforcement of alternative behavior (DRA), and NCR-and-DRA with punishment. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.509
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February 2019
2 Reads

Further examination of video-based preference assessments without contingent access.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 20;52(1):258-270. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Purdue University.

The first purpose of this study was to attempt to replicate previous findings that video-based preference assessments without access to selected stimuli may accurately predict relative reinforcing efficacy of stimuli. To do this, we conducted a concurrent operant reinforcer assessment in which we evaluated the relative reinforcing value of highly preferred and less preferred items identified in a video-based preference assessment. The second purpose of this study was to begin to evaluate the potential behavioral mechanisms responsible for the validity of this assessment. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.507
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February 2019
2 Reads

A comparison of group contingencies on academic compliance.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 19;52(1):116-131. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

University of Missouri.

We used a reversal design with an embedded multielement design to compare the effects of an independent group contingency and a randomized dependent group contingency on compliance with assigned literacy worksheets in a first-grade general education classroom. Nine participants were selected based on low levels of compliance in baseline or by teacher identification. Results indicated that both group contingencies increased compliance relative to baseline for the majority of participants. Read More

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February 2019

Assessing and teaching job-related social skills to adults with autism spectrum disorder.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 16;52(1):150-172. Epub 2018 Sep 16.

University of Houston-Clear Lake.

Few studies have evaluated interventions to improve the job-related social skills of adults with autism spectrum disorder. In this study, we examined the efficacy of a treatment package for teaching several social skills that are critical to job success, such as responding appropriately to feedback and asking for a task model from the supervisor. Three adults, aged 19 to 27 years, participated. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.503
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.503DOI Listing
February 2019
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Implementation of interventions informed by precursor functional analyses with young children: A replication.

J Appl Behav Anal 2018 Oct 11;51(4):879-889. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

University of South Florida.

Individuals who engage in problem behavior may also engage in precursor behavior maintained by the same functional reinforcers as the more severe target problem behavior. This study replicates and extends previous research by examining precursor assessments and interventions with three preschool-aged children. We conducted assessments to identify precursor behavior, and conducted subsequent functional analyses targeting the precursor behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.502DOI Listing
October 2018

Nature and scope of synthesis in functional analysis and treatment of problem behavior.

J Appl Behav Anal 2018 Oct 11;51(4):943-973. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Western New England University.

Functional analysis (FA) of problem behavior typically includes the contingent delivery of a single reinforcer following problem behavior. However, the FA literature also includes examples of analyses that have delivered multiple reinforcers, arranged multiple establishing operations in one or more test conditions, or both. These analyses have been successfully applied under heterogeneous conditions over several decades and with various synthesized establishing operations and reinforcers, but their qualitative details, outcomes, and contributions to the literature have never been described in a comprehensive manner. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.498DOI Listing
October 2018

Response to bullying (RTB): Behavioral skills and in situ training for individuals diagnosed with intellectual disabilities.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 31;52(1):73-83. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

University of South Florida.

This study evaluated behavioral skills training (BST) and in situ training (IST) to teach a response to bullying (RtB) to four adults with intellectual disabilities who were victims of bullying. The RtB consisted of refraining from retaliating, stating disapproval, walking away, and telling a staff member. In situ assessments were conducted in the natural setting to assess the effects of BST and IST. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.501DOI Listing
February 2019

The Good Behavior Game in preschool classrooms: An evaluation of feedback.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 31;52(1):105-115. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Louisiana State University.

The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is a popular group contingency implemented to decrease disruptive behavior in classrooms. However, despite numerous replications of the GBG, there are few direct comparisons evaluating the effectiveness of specific components of the GBG. In the present study, we directly compared the type of feedback delivered during the GBG on the effectiveness of the GBG to reduce disruptive behavior in two preschool classrooms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.500DOI Listing
February 2019

Effects of toy removal and number of demands on vocal stereotypy during response interruption and redirection.

J Appl Behav Anal 2018 Oct 28;51(4):757-768. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

University of Houston, Clear Lake.

Numerous studies have demonstrated the efficacy of response interruption and redirection (RIRD) for reducing vocal stereotypy in children with autism. However, the procedure can be time-consuming to implement. Results of Saini, Gregory, Uran, and Fantetti (2015) suggested that an abbreviated variation of RIRD was just as effective as the commonly used variation of RIRD, but further research is needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.497DOI Listing
October 2018

A translational analysis of ABA and ABC renewal of operant behavior.

J Appl Behav Anal 2018 Oct 17;51(4):819-830. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

The Scott Center for Autism Treatment, School of Behavior Analysis, Florida Institute of Technology.

Following reduction, behavior may recur when organisms are exposed to new or different environments. Such recurrences, called treatment relapse, are characterized by an increase of a previously reduced behavior. Renewal is a type of treatment relapse resulting from changes in stimulus contexts despite the ongoing maintenance of treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.496DOI Listing
October 2018
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