3,285 results match your criteria Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis[Journal]


Examining the effects of group-based instruction on emergent second-language skills in young children.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

University of South Wales.

The present study evaluated the emergence of second-language intraverbals in typically developing young children following a small-group teaching intervention. Choral responding was employed with a group of 6 primary school children (5-6 years old) to teach first-language tacts (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.563DOI Listing

Noncontingent and differential reinforcement in the treatment of pediatric feeding problems.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

University of North Carolina Wilmington.

We conducted functional analyses of the inappropriate mealtime behavior of 5 children diagnosed with feeding problems. Then, we compared the effects of differential and noncontingent reinforcement, and the relative effects of escape extinction with and without differential or noncontingent reinforcement, when escape extinction appeared necessary. Both reinforcement procedures were effective without escape extinction to treat food refusal for 1 child, but only differential reinforcement was effective without escape extinction to treat the child's liquid refusal. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jaba.562
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.562DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Effects of a problem-solving strategy on the independent completion of vocational tasks by adolescents with autism spectrum disorder.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Institute for Educational Achievement.

Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often have few employment opportunities and a lower job quality than individuals of typical development. Social deficits and lack of independence may contribute to underemployment and unemployment of individuals with ASD. The ability to solve problems might ameliorate some of these barriers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.558DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Reducing risk of head injury in youth soccer: An extension of behavioral skills training for heading.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

The University of Southern Mississippi.

Recently, concerns regarding sport-related concussions have increased within the research literature, the media, and popular culture. One potential source of soccer-related concussions involves the purposeful striking of the ball with one's head (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.557DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Learning a foreign language: Effects of tact and listener instruction on the emergence of bidirectional intraverbals.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, Brazil.

We evaluated the effects of tact and listener instruction on the emergence of bidirectional intraverbal relations with 6 typically developing Brazilian children, using an adapted alternating treatment design with pretest and posttest probes. In listener instruction, participants selected pictures that corresponded to spoken foreign-language words. For tact instruction, children had to vocalize foreign words in the presence of the corresponding pictures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.559DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Evaluating the effects of physical reactions on aggression via concurrent-operant analyses.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

University of Nebraska Medical Center's Munroe Meyer Institute.

Under naturally occurring conditions, the individual who is the target of aggression is likely to physically react to evade the aggressor and avoid physical harm. Like other forms of attention that occur following problem behavior, physical reactions may maintain problem behavior. However, evaluating the effects of physical reactions is complicated by issues related to therapists' ability to consistently and safely control their reactions, which may prove difficult to achieve in functional analyses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.555DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

An exploration of the interrater agreement of visual analysis with and without context.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Educational Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.

Visual analysis is integral to the analysis of single-case experimental design (SCED) data. Previous studies have shown that many factors may influence the interrater agreement (IRA) of visual analysis. One factor that has received little direct attention is the impact of contextual information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.560DOI Listing

A comparison of functional analysis methods of inappropriate mealtime behavior.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

University of North Carolina Wilmington.

Investigators have evaluated two procedural variations for conducting a functional analysis of inappropriate mealtime behavior exhibited by children with feeding problems. One method involves prompting bites only in the escape condition (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.556DOI Listing

Further investigation of increasing vocalizations of children with autism with a speech-generating device.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

University of Southern Mississippi.

We replicated and extended the findings of Gervarter et al. (2016) by using prompting and reinforcement to produce increased vocal speech with 3 young children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who used a speech generating device (SGD). We extended Gervarter et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.554DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

A comparison of sources of baseline data for treatments of problem behavior following a functional analysis.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Emory University School of Medicine, Marcus Autism Center.

It is common practice in research on the treatment of problem behavior to compare levels of targeted behaviors during treatment to levels when treatment is not in place. Some researchers use data collected as part of a multielement functional analysis as the initial baseline, whereas others collect new baseline data following completion of the functional analysis. We evaluated whether the source of baseline data influences the reliability and efficiency of decision-making. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.549DOI Listing
March 2019
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A comparison of stimulus set size on tact training for children with autism spectrum disorder.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

University of North Texas.

Previous studies on skill acquisition have taught targets in stimulus sets composed of different numbers of stimuli. Although the rationale for selection of a stimulus set size is not clear, the number of target stimuli trained within a set is a treatment decision for which there is limited empirical support. The current investigation compared the efficiency of tact training in 4 stimulus set sizes, each of which included 12 stimuli grouped into (a) 4 sets of 3 stimuli, (b) 3 sets of 4 stimuli, (c) 2 sets of 6 stimuli, and (d) 1 set of 12 stimuli. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.553DOI Listing

Comparison of two TAGteach error-correction procedures to teach beginner yoga poses to adults.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Brock University.

Teaching with acoustical guidance involves auditory feedback (e.g., a click sound when a desired behavior occurs) as part of a multicomponent intervention known as TAGteach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.550DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Temporary, inconsistent, and null effects of a moral story and instruction on honesty.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

University of the Pacific.

Lying during childhood is a common concern for caregivers. Lee et al. (2014) showed that a moral story and instruction implying reinforcers for honesty produced statistically significant improvements in children admitting a transgression. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jaba.552
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.552DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Experimental evaluation of matching via a commercially available basketball video game.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

University of Kansas.

Many recent nonlaboratory-based quantitative analyses of behavior have relied on archival competitive sporting data. However, the ratio-based reinforcement schedules in most athletic competitions and the correlational nature of archival data analyses raise concern over the contributions of such findings to the behavior analytic literature. The current experiment evaluated whether matching in a human operant paradigm would approximate matching observed in nonlaboratory-based sports data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.551DOI Listing

Using equivalence-based instruction to teach piano skills to children.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

California State University, Sacramento.

The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effects of equivalence-based instruction (EBI) on learning to play individual notes and simple songs on the piano. Participants were 4 typically developing children and 4 children with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). They were exposed to a series of auditory-visual matching-to-sample procedures using musical stimuli. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.547DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

A comparison of song-lyric and prose self-instruction procedures for increasing novel skills in children.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Illinois Crisis Prevention Network and The Chicago School of Professional Psychology.

We compared the effects of the effects of self-instructions in the form of prose or song lyrics in the acquisition of gross motor tasks in 4 third-grade children. We taught participants 4 pairs of gross motor tasks, with one task in each pair taught with prose self-instructions and the other taught with song lyric self-instructions. Both self-instruction procedures were effective for teaching tasks; however, acquisition was quicker with song lyric self-instruction for 4 task pairs, acquisition was quicker with prose self-instruction for 3 task pairs; and similar for 1 task pair. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.548DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

A comparison of methods to teach foreign-language targets to young children.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Louisiana State University.

Using instructional strategies based on derived relational responding (DRR) to teach foreign-language targets may result in emergent, untrained foreign-language relations. One benefit of using DRR instructional strategies is the efficiency with which an individual acquires additional stimulus relations as a result of emergent responding following acquisition of one or a small number of relations. In the current study, we compared the efficiency of tact training alone to a traditional foreign-language teaching strategy (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.545DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Reinforcing the prospective remembering of children with autism spectrum disorder.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

The University of Waikato.

Prospective memory is remembering to carry out a behavior on a particular occasion or at a specific time in the future. This form of remembering is critical for the daily functioning of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their functional independence from caregivers. We used a single-subject design to investigate whether reinforcement increased the accuracy of prospective remembering in the context of a computerized board game, Virtual Week, of four 6- to 7-year-old children diagnosed with ASD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.546DOI Listing
February 2019

Evaluating the boundaries of analytic efficiency and control: A consecutive controlled case series of 26 functional analyses.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

University of North Texas & Child Study Center.

We conducted this study to determine if the efficiency of the functional analysis could be improved without detrimental effects on control. In Experiment 1, we reanalyzed functional analyses conducted for the problem behavior of 18 children. We analyzed rates of problem behavior during the first 5 min and first 3 min of the original 10-min sessions and evaluated if changes in the level of control over problem behavior by the programmed contingency were evident from the analyses of shorter session duration. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.544
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.544DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Recent research on the relative efficiency of speaker and listener instruction for children with autism spectrum disorder.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

University of MissourIthe Thompson Center for Autism and Neurodevelopmental Disorders.

The traditional recommendation for sequencing speaker and listener instruction has been to teach listener skills prior to teaching speaker skills. In a review of the research literature prior to 2011, Petursdottir and Carr (2011) concluded that research did not support this recommendation. We reviewed the most recent research on the efficiency of skill acquisition during speaker and listener instruction and found similar results to Petursdottir and Carr. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.543DOI Listing
January 2019

The influence of contrived motivating operations on social discounting: Relative economic hardship affects choice.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 May 29;52(2):408-421. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Southern Illinois University.

Thirty-six participants were given three social discounting surveys, and each survey was preceded by one of three contrived hypothetical scenarios. In each scenario, the participant was asked to consider situations in which either the participant (SELF), a hypothetical other (OTHER), or both the participant and the hypothetical other (BOTH) were experiencing economic hardship (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.540DOI Listing

Reducing adolescent cell phone usage using an interdependent group contingency.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 May 29;52(2):386-393. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

University of Kentucky.

The purpose of this study was to test the effects of an interdependent group contingency on cell phone usage in an alternative high school classroom. We used an ABAB reversal design to test the effects of the contingency on the cell phone usage of the entire class and an individual student. Results showed a reduction in the cell phone use of the class and the individual when the group contingency was in effect, demonstrating a functional relation between the contingency and student cell phone usage. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.538
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.538DOI Listing
May 2019
22 Reads

An intervention using morphology to derive word meanings for English language learners.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 May 29;52(2):394-407. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

University of California, Riverside.

Many English language learners (ELL) experience academic and reading difficulties compared to native English speakers (NES). Lack of vocabulary knowledge is a contributing factor for these difficulties. Teaching students to analyze words into their constituent morphemes (meaningful word units) in order to determine the meaning of words may be an avenue to increase vocabulary knowledge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.539DOI Listing

An analysis of treatment integrity of response interruption and redirection.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 May 15;52(2):337-354. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

The New England Center for Children Western New England University.

Response interruption and redirection has been shown to effectively decrease stereotypy, but its application outside an experimental setting has not been well studied. In Experiment 1, decreases in automatically maintained vocal stereotypy were obtained following treatment in a controlled setting for 3 participants diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Descriptive data on the consistency and accuracy of response interruption and redirection were then collected in the classroom setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.537DOI Listing
May 2019
21 Reads

Response latency as a measure of behavior in the assessment of elopement.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 May 16;52(2):422-438. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

University of Florida.

Elopement is a common form of problem behavior but is relatively underrepresented in the functional analysis literature. One barrier to assessing elopement experimentally is the need to retrieve the subject following an instance of elopement. This retrieval confounds programmed session contingencies when the goal is to obtain repeated measurement of free-operant behavior. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.541
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.541DOI Listing
May 2019
34 Reads

Incentivizing physical activity using token reinforcement with preschool children.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 May 13;52(2):499-515. Epub 2019 Jan 13.

University of the Pacific.

We combined several single-subject designs to assess the effects of contingent and noncontingent token reinforcement on moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) exhibited by 4 preschool-aged children. Higher overall levels and longer bouts of MVPA reliably occurred when tokens were delivered contingent on MVPA for 3 of the 4 children when compared to baseline (no token) and for 2 of the 4 children when compared to noncontingent-token conditions. The present study demonstrated that the delivery of tokens contingent on MVPA can increase and maintain MVPA exhibited by preschool-aged children, resulting in more MVPA than in baseline conditions and conditions in which tokens are awarded without respect to MVPA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.536DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Evaluating motion detection to score sleep disturbance for children: A translational approach to developing a measurement system.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 May 10;52(2):580-599. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

California State University, Northridge.

Information obtained via direct observation of children's sleep disturbance throughout the night in their home can guide the assessment and treatment process, but watching live or via recorded video might be impractical in terms of time expenditures. In Experiment 1, we assessed the accuracy and reliability of a motion-detection camera with human motor movements. In Experiment 2, we tested the system's generality by using it to obtain in-home measures of sleep disturbance for three children with autism spectrum disorder and compared the accuracy to a continuous measurement system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.531DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

A comparison of Nuk presentation and Nuk redistribution to treat packing.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 May 19;52(2):476-490. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

University of Nebraska Medical Center's Munroe-Meyer Institute.

Children with feeding disorders may pack food when they lack the oral-motor skills, the motivation, or both to swallow. Presenting bites on the tongue with a Nuk brush, or redistribution, replacing packed food on the tongue, are two treatments whose relative efficacy is untested. In the current study, we compared the effects of (a) presenting on an upright spoon, (b) presenting on a Nuk, and (c) redistributing with a Nuk on two product measures of swallowing, which we refer to as 15-s and 30-s mouth clean, for three children with feeding disorders. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.532
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.532DOI Listing
May 2019
6 Reads

Script fading for children with autism: Generalization of social initiation skills from school to home.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 May 19;52(2):451-466. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

The New York Child Learning Institute and Queens College.

We used a script-fading package to teach children with autism to initiate social interactions across various activities in the school setting, and we programmed for generalization in the untrained home setting with a sibling. The three participants, ages 8 to 10 years, demonstrated deficits in social initiations with their peers. During baseline, the participants emitted initiations to one another, although this behavior was variable and did not endure over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.534DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Effects of stimulus presentation order during auditory-visual conditional discrimination training for children with autism spectrum disorder.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 May 14;52(2):541-556. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Hunter College.

Children with autism spectrum disorder are typically taught conditional discriminations using a match-to-sample arrangement. Consideration should be given to the temporal order in which antecedent stimuli (the sample and comparison stimuli) are presented during match-to-sample trials, as various arrangements have been used in the extant literature. The purpose of the current study was to compare the effects of four stimulus presentation orders on the acquisition of auditory-visual conditional discriminations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.530DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

Evaluating small-scale simulation for training firearm safety skills.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 May 14;52(2):491-498. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

University of South Florida.

There is limited research using small-scale simulation in applied behavior analysis. We used small-scale simulation to train firearm safety skills to 3- to 5-year-old children and assessed whether the skills generalized to the natural environment through in situ assessment. Three participants completed the training, and all participants learned the safety skills from simulation training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.535DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Evaluating different values of effort and reinforcement parameters under concurrent- and single-operant arrangements.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 May 12;52(2):516-533. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

University of Maryland, Baltimore County.

If particular parameters (e.g., reinforcer quality) are found to be preferred in a concurrent-operant arrangement, then these should be incorporated into interventions for maintaining skills in individuals with intellectual disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.533DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Effects of modeling rote versus varied responses on response variability and skill acquisition during discrete-trial instruction.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 May 7;52(2):370-385. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Florida Institute of Technology and The Scott Center for Autism Treatment.

Despite its advantages, discrete-trial instruction (DTI) has been criticized for producing rote responding. Although there is little research supporting this claim, if true, this may be problematic given the propensity of children with autism to engage in restricted and repetitive behavior. One feature that is common in DTI that may contribute to rote responding is the prompting and reinforcement of one correct response per discriminative stimulus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.528DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

Abstraction of tactile properties by individuals with autism and Down syndrome using a picture-based communication system.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 May 7;52(2):467-475. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Southern Illinois University.

The present study evaluated the efficacy of a set of procedures for bringing tact extensions of abstract tactile properties under stimulus control. Two participants with disabilities who communicated via a picture-based communication system received reinforcement for tacts of tactile properties of four wet/dry and four hard/soft stimuli. Test trials were conducted to evaluate the extent to which the participants' correct responding generalized to novel stimuli with the same tactile properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.526DOI Listing
May 2019
4 Reads

A comparison of blocked and mixed-trial methods for teaching auditory-visual discriminations.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 May 7;52(2):534-540. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Little City Foundation.

Behavior analysts typically teach conditional discriminations in a mixed-trial format but may switch to a blocked-trial format for learners displaying limited acquisition. No known research has shown that mixed-trial methods are more effective or efficient than blocked-trial methods for teaching discriminations, so it is not clear why this format has been adopted as the "first-line" intervention. We compared blocked and mixed-trial formats for teaching novel auditory-visual discriminations to three adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.529DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

Comparison of task interspersal ratios on efficiency of learning and problem behavior for children with autism spectrum disorder.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 May 29;52(2):355-369. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

University of North Texas.

The current study extends the literature on task interspersal (TI) by comparing the effects of four different TI ratios on the efficiency of skill acquisition and on levels of problem behavior in children with autism spectrum disorder and related disorders. The four ratios of TI were 3:1, 1:1, 1:3, and 0:1 mastered-to-acquisition tasks. An adapted alternating treatments design was implemented to compare the cumulative number of stimuli mastered, mean training time to mastery, rate of acquisition, and the level of problem behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.527DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

A review of error correction procedures during instruction for children with developmental disabilities.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 May 23;52(2):574-579. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

University of North Carolina Wilmington.

Error correction procedures are remedial strategies presented following an incorrect response that increases the probability that a correct response will occur in the future. Error correction is commonly used during skill acquisition programs for children with developmental disabilities; however, the specific strategy used may differ considerably. Recent comparative studies have examined the effect of numerous error correction procedures on the efficiency of acquisition for children with developmental disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.524DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Relative preferences for edible and leisure stimuli in children with autism.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 May 23;52(2):557-573. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

University of Florida.

Prior researchers have reported a tendency for individuals with developmental disabilities to select edible items more often than leisure items when those items are presented together in stimulus preference assessments. However, children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), with whom many behavior analysts currently practice, are underrepresented in this body of literature. We conducted a replication of prior research with 26 children with ASD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.525DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Teaching a perspective-taking component skill to children with autism in the natural environment.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 May 21;52(2):439-450. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Pepperdine University.

We evaluated procedures for teaching three children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder the perspective-taking component skill of tacting what others are sensing across all five senses: see, taste, feel, hear, and smell. Using a multiple baseline across participants design, we evaluated a training package consisting of multiple exemplar training, reinforcement, and error correction. The treatment package was implemented in the natural environment and was effective for teaching participants to tact what others sensed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.523DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

Comparing self-directed methods for training staff to create graphs using Graphpad Prism.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 1;52(1):188-204. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

New England Center for Children and Western New England University.

An important skill for behavior analysts is creating graphs that clearly convey outcomes and conform to publication conventions. GraphPad Prism is software designed for creating scientific graphs, but no prior research has empirically evaluated training graphing skills using Prism. Two effective training methods are enhanced written instructions (EWI) and video modeling with voiceover instructions (VMVO), but no single-subject studies have compared the effects of these methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.522DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Assessing factors that influence young children's food preferences and choices.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 30;52(1):240-257. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

University of Kansas.

Researchers have identified an unbalanced diet as a key risk factor in the etiology of many chronic diseases (World Health Organization, ). Although researchers have found that numerous factors influence children's food choices, no assessment exists to identify these factors. In Experiment 1, we established preliminary empirical evidence of children's preferences for healthier and less-healthy foods, and found that 16 of 21 children preferred less-healthy foods to healthier foods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.521DOI Listing
February 2019
22 Reads

Comparison of prompting procedures to teach internet skills to older adults.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 26;52(1):173-187. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Brock University.

The Internet and information and communications technologies (ICTs) have been found to produce meaningful social interactions and greater social support among older adults (White et al., ). Despite these benefits, the Internet and ICTs are not widely used among the older-adult population (Cresci, Yarandi, & Morrell, ). Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.519
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.519DOI Listing
February 2019
15 Reads

Facilitating the emergence of convergent intraverbals in children with autism.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 25;52(1):28-49. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

University of Nebraska Medical Center's Munroe-Meyer Institute.

Convergent intraverbals represent a specific type of intraverbal in which multiple components of one speaker's verbal behavior control a specific verbal response from another speaker (e.g., Speaker 1: What wooly, horned animal lives in the high country? Speaker 2: Bighorn sheep). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.520DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Comparing forward and backward chaining in teaching Olympic weightlifting.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 24;52(1):50-59. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

University of Southern Mississippi.

The popularity of Olympic-style weightlifting in fitness routines is growing, but participating in these exercises with improper technique places lifters at increased risk for injury. Fitness training professionals have developed multiple teaching strategies, but have not subjected these strategies to systematic evaluation, particularly with novice lifters. Two strategies recommended by professional training organizations are akin to forward and backward chaining, which have been shown effective at teaching other novel, complex behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.517DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Acquisition and generative responding following print-to-braille construction response training with sighted learners.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 24;52(1):286-298. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Marquette University.

Previous researchers have taught sighted adults to match braille sample stimuli to print comparisons in a matching-to-sample (MTS) format and assessed the emergence of other braille repertoires, such as transcribing and reading braille following this training. Although participants learned to match to sample with braille, they displayed limited emergence of other braille repertoires. Lack of generative responding may have resulted from participants' over-selective attending to components of compound braille characters during instruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.516DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Erratum.

Authors:

J Appl Behav Anal 2018 Oct;51(4):1011

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.518
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.518DOI Listing
October 2018
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Shifting preferences for choice-making opportunities through histories of differential reinforcer quality.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 9;52(1):227-239. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Marquette University.

Children of both typical and atypical cognitive development tend to prefer contexts in which their behavior results in a choice of reinforcers rather than a single reinforcer, even when the reinforcer accessed is identical across conditions. The origin of this preference has been attributed speculatively to behavioral histories in which choice making tends to be associated with differentially beneficial outcomes. Few studies have evaluated this claim, and those that have, have yielded mixed results. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.515
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.515DOI Listing
February 2019
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Decreasing influence of arbitrarily applicable verbal relations of recreational gamblers: A randomized controlled trial.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 5;52(1):60-72. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Southern Illinois University.

Twenty-one recreational gamblers were randomly assigned to two groups; one group was exposed to a conditional discrimination relational training task to bias choice allocation to a black machine presented concurrently with a red machine, and the other group underwent the same relational training task immediately followed by a defusion procedure, designed to expand upon the relations developed in the initial relational task. Both groups completed a simulated slot-machine task before and after the relational training task, with or without the defusion procedure. Results showed that 9 of 11 participants in the relational training only group showed an increased bias toward the black machine, compared to only 4 of 10 in the relational training plus defusion group; this latter group also showed greater matched responding. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.511
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.511DOI Listing
February 2019
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An interest-based intervention package to increase peer social interaction in young children with autism spectrum disorder.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 30;52(1):132-149. Epub 2018 Sep 30.

The University of Texas at Austin.

The literature suggests that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) educated in inclusive settings generally do not interact with typically developing classmates during social activities. This study assessed whether an intervention package consisting of interest-based structured play activities involving adult instruction, modeling, and response to child questions would result in an increase in social interaction with typically developing peers. A multiple baseline design across four participants with an embedded reversal was used to demonstrate the effects of the intervention on social interaction during structured play sessions. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.514
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.514DOI Listing
February 2019
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Does the Good Behavior Game evoke negative peer pressure? Analyses in primary and secondary classrooms.

J Appl Behav Anal 2019 Feb 26;52(1):3-16. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

University of South Wales.

The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is a classroom management system that employs an interdependent group contingency, whereby students work as a team to win the game. Although previous anecdotal data have suggested that this arrangement may promote prosocial behavior, teachers may have concerns about its fairness and potential to evoke negative peer interactions (especially toward students who break the rules). We evaluated disruptive behaviors and social interactions during the GBG in a secondary classroom for students with emotional and behavioral disorders, as well as in a primary classroom for students with mild developmental disabilities. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaba.513
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jaba.513DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads