2,610 results match your criteria Journal of Adolescence[Journal]


Purpose in adolescents diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder.

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 12;73:53-62. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Texas Christian University, USA.

Introduction: Drawing from positive youth development theory, the research team examined purpose in life among adolescents diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Methods: Members of the research team conducted paired interviews about purpose in life with adolescents diagnosed with an ASD and one of each adolescent's parents. Data collection took place in the south-central region of the US. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.03.001DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Is there a positive side to sensation seeking? Trajectories of sensation seeking and impulsivity may have unique outcomes in young adulthood.

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 9;73:42-52. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, V8W 3P5, Canada.

Introduction: High levels of sensation seeking and impulsivity in adolescence are typically associated with risky behaviours; limited research has examined the relation of these traits to positive outcomes. Given that adolescence is a sensitive developmental period that can impact success later in life, we adopt the Positive Youth Development Framework to better understand how the development of self-reported sensation seeking and impulsivity may be differentially related to positive markers of early adulthood.

Method: Data are from the Victoria Healthy Youth Survey (T1 N = 662; 52% female), a six-wave longitudinal cohort study of Canadian youth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.03.009DOI Listing

Longitudinal associations between sexting, cyberbullying, and bullying among adolescents: Cross-lagged panel analysis.

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 4;73:36-41. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Ob/Gyn, UTMB Health, 301 University Blvd, Galveston, TX, 77555-0587, USA.

Introduction: While adolescent sexting, or the sending of sexually explicit images, has been cross-sectionally associated with bullying and cyberbullying, there is a lack of longitudinal studies in this area. To address this gap in the literature, we examined the longitudinal link between sexting and 1) traditional, in-person, bullying victimization and 2) cyberbullying victimization.

Methods: We used data from a longitudinal study of ethnically diverse adolescents recruited from multiple public high schools in southeast Texas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.03.008DOI Listing

Parental behavioural control in adolescence: How does it affect self-esteem and self-criticism?

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 4;73:26-35. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

School of Psychology, The University of Sydney, Australia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Parental behavioural control is believed to be beneficial for young children. However, with increased need for independence during adolescence, parental rules may undermine self-beliefs.

Methods: The current study examined the effect of behavioural control, plus parental support and psychological control, on the self-esteem and self-criticism of 243 Australian adolescents (mean age = 12. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.03.004DOI Listing
April 2019
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Adolescent perceptions of sleep and influences on sleep behaviour: A qualitative study.

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 3;73:18-25. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

University of the West of England, Coldharbour Lane, Stoke Gifford, BS16 1QY, UK. Electronic address:

Introduction: Adolescent sleep deprivation is a growing public health problem. This qualitative study explores adolescents' perceptions of sleep and sleep behaviour, enhancing the current limited body of qualitative research in this area.

Methods: Thirty three 13-14 year olds (17 boys and 16 girls) from two schools in England participated in focus group discussions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.03.010DOI Listing
April 2019
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With a little help from my friends? A longitudinal look at the role of peers versus friends on adolescent alcohol use.

J Adolesc 2019 Mar 30;73:14-17. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Bennett Pierce Prevention Research Center for the Promotion of Human Development, The Pennsylvania State University, 302 BBH Building, University Park, PA, 16802, USA; Faculty of Community and Health Sciences, University of the Western Cape, South Africa. Electronic address:

Introduction: Alcohol is the most commonly used substance by South African adolescents. Social norms play a key role in alcohol use, although distinctions are not always made between descriptive and injunctive norms and peer proximity. Additionally, little research identifies factors attenuating social norms, peer proximity, and alcohol use, such as one's ability to resist peer influence. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01401971193005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.03.007DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Loneliness as a mediator for college students' social skills and experiences of depression and anxiety.

J Adolesc 2019 Mar 29;73:1-13. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Middlebury College, Department of Psychology, USA; University of Vermont, Department of Psychology, USA.

Introduction: Rates of anxiety and depression are increasing among college undergraduates. Existing research has demonstrated a link between social skills and mental health outcomes. This study explores the relationship between verbal social skills (encoding and decoding) and anxiety and depression by measuring the extent to which loneliness mediates these relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.03.006DOI Listing
March 2019
14 Reads

Downstream consequences of pubertal timing for young women's body beliefs.

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 28;72:162-166. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

University of Michigan, 530 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.

Introduction: Puberty is a critical biopsychosocial event that has long-term consequences for adolescents' behavior and well-being. Research has shown that developing earlier than one's peers may worsen adolescent girls' body image, in part due to weight redistribution and increases in adiposity resulting from pubertal development. However, research has yet to examine if pubertal timing is associated with girls' body beliefs related to self-objectification, self-sexualization, and positive body image beyond the adolescent years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.02.012DOI Listing

Adolescents with chronic illness and the transition to self-management: A systematic review.

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 21;72:152-161. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

College of Nursing, The Ohio State University, 322 Newton Hall, 1585 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, United States. Electronic address:

Introduction: Chronic illness effects one in ten adolescents worldwide. Adolescence involves a desire for autonomy from parental control and the necessity to transition care from parent to child. This review investigates the transition to adolescent self-management of chronic illness treatment behaviors in the context of parent-adolescent relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.02.010DOI Listing

Time perspective, sports club membership, and physical self-concept among adolescents: A person-centered approach.

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 21;72:141-151. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

San Francisco State University, USA.

Introduction: Time perspective is defined as thoughts and feelings about the past, present, and future and is theorized to underlie human behavior. Prior research has shown relationships among time perspective and academic achievement, substance use, and risky-driving. In this study, time perspective was extended to sports club membership and physical self-concept among adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.02.008DOI Listing

Associations between self-harm and chronic disease among adolescents: Cohort study using statewide emergency department data.

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 20;72:132-140. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Public Health, School of Social Sciences, Humanities, and Arts, University of California, Merced, Merced CA 95343, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: We sought to understand the association between youthful self-harm and subsequent chronic disease-related healthcare utilization and whether self-harm reflects unique vulnerability in comparison with severe psychiatric disorders.

Methods: We used a retrospective matched cohort design with statewide, all-payer, individually linked emergency department (ED) data from California, USA. Risk of future ED visits for common chronic conditions in adolescence (headaches, asthma, epilepsy, diabetes, and gastrointestinal disorders, assessed using ICD-9 diagnoses) were compared between three adolescent study groups presenting to an ED in 2010: self-harm patients (n = 5,484), patients with psychiatric complaints but no self-harm (n = 14,235), and patients with other complaints (n = 16,452). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.03.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443424PMC

Developmental trajectory of hope among late-adolescents: Population heterogeneity and the impact of gender and family socioeconomic status.

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 16;72:124-131. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

College of Education, Department of Applied Psychology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, 410128, China.

Objective: To study the developmental trajectory of hope among late-adolescents, taking population heterogeneity and the impact of gender and family socioeconomic status (SES) into consideration.

Methods: The study used the Snyder Hope Scale to perform four surveys of a sample of 381 Chinese late-adolescents, both male and female, with a mean age of 17.69 ± 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.03.003DOI Listing

Youth and young adult dating relationship dynamics and subsequent abusive outcomes.

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 15;72:112-123. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

NORC at the University of Chicago, 4350 East West Highway, Room 733, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: In order to prevent youth and young adult partner abuse, it is necessary to have a better understanding of dating relationship dynamics as the context for potential abusive interactions.

Methods: Youth and young adults (ages 10-18 at baseline) were surveyed along with a matched parent/caregiver. Data, including parent and youth responses (n = 437 youth/parent dyads), are drawn from the nationally representative Survey on Teen Relationships and Intimate Violence (STRiV). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.02.013DOI Listing
April 2019
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Adolescent-led marriage in Somaliland and Puntland: A surprising interaction of agency and social norms.

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 14;72:101-111. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Introduction: Child marriage, formal and informal unions when one or both spouses are under 18, disproportionately affects adolescent girls over boys. It has serious consequences for girls' health, wellbeing, and development. Little is known about the ways in which girls' agency and contextual social norms - unwritten rules of (un)acceptable behaviour in a group - intersect to affect child marriage practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.02.009DOI Listing
April 2019
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Screen-based sedentary behaviors and internalizing symptoms across time among U.S. Hispanic adolescents.

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 14;72:91-100. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami's Miller School of Medicine, 1120 NW 14th Street (R-669), Miami, FL, 33136, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: The pervasive use of technology has raised concerns about its association with adolescent mental health, including internalizing symptoms. Existing studies have not always had consistent findings. Longitudinal research with diverse subgroups is needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.02.014DOI Listing

Intergenerational transmission of delay discounting: The mediating role of household chaos.

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 12;72:83-90. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Psychology, Virginia Tech. 109 Williams Hall, Blacksburg, VA, 24061, United States.

Introduction: Adolescence is a period when impulsive decision making may be especially vulnerable to environmental influences. Impulsive decision making is often assessed using a delay discounting paradigm, which measures the preference for smaller rewards sooner over larger rewards with a delay. Research is needed to clarify the relationship between parents' and adolescents' delay discounting and to identify related environmental processes that might facilitate the intergenerational transmission of delay discounting. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01401971193004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.03.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450567PMC
April 2019
5 Reads

Examining patterns of cognitive impairment among homeless and precariously housed urban youth.

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 7;72:64-69. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

St. Paul's Hospital, 1081 Burrard St., Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada; University of British Columbia, Faculty of Medicine, 317, 2194 Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada; Providence Health Care Inner City Youth Program, 1260 Granville St., Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1M4, Canada; Foundry, 201 - 1190 Hornby St., Vancouver, BC, V6Z 2K5, Canada. Electronic address:

Introduction: Homeless and precariously housed young people are a complex, vulnerable population frequently perceived as being difficult to engage in health and social services. Although unrecognized deficits in cognitive functioning may adversely affect their ability to access assistance and meaningfully participate in programming, few researchers have examined these deficits. The purpose of this study was to examine the extent of global and domain-specific cognitive impairment of street involved young people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.02.011DOI Listing
April 2019
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Parents' beliefs of the Black Church's role in teen pregnancy prevention.

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 27;72:52-63. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

University of Oklahoma in Norman, OK, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Parents are important decision makers in black churches. The objective of this qualitative study was to identify African American parents' beliefs of the Black Church's role in preventing teen pregnancy and promoting healthy teen relationships.

Methods: Parent members (n = 36) of 27 predominately Black churches in two southwestern US cities participated in semi-structured interviews from February-June 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.02.004DOI Listing

Longitudinal relations between emotional awareness and expression, emotion regulation, and peer victimization among urban adolescents.

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 27;72:42-51. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Virginia Commonwealth University, USA.

Introduction: There are potential long-term psychosocial effects of experiencing peer victimization during adolescence, including: internalizing symptoms, externalizing behaviors, and risks behaviors such as substance use. While social-emotional theories of development note associations between deficits in emotion competencies and peer victimization in childhood, these associations are less established among adolescent samples. Identifying which inadequacies in emotional competence place particular adolescents at risk for peer victimization may provide insight into the developmental pathways leading to unfavorable outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.02.005DOI Listing

Brief report: Longitudinal associations between physical activity, sleep disturbance and depressive symptoms in adolescent girls.

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 15;72:37-41. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

University of Tartu, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Sport Sciences and Physiotherapy, Estonia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Physical activity (PA) and sleep disturbances (SD) are related with depressive symptoms in adults. However, evidence that PA and SD are prospectively associated with depression is mixed. The aim of this study was to examine longitudinal and bidirectional associations between PA, SD and depressive symptoms in adolescent girls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.02.003DOI Listing

Perpetration of sexual aggression among adolescents in South Africa.

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 13;72:32-36. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Alpert Medical School of Brown University; Providence/Boston Center for AIDS Research, USA.

Introduction: In South Africa, one in three men have reported perpetrating rape. Adolescence presents a unique developmental period for primary prevention of violence. However, few studies characterize the epidemiology of sexual violence among adolescents in South Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.02.002DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Adolescent men's attitudes and decision making in relation to pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes: An integrative review of the literature from 2010 to 2017.

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 13;72:23-31. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Queen's University Belfast, School of Nursing and Midwifery, 97 Lisburn Rd, Belfast, BT9 7BL, UK. Electronic address:

Introduction: The review updates a previous review conducted in 2010 (Lohan et al.), summarizing the available literature on young men's attitudes and decision-making in the context of addressing two questions: (1) What are adolescent men's attitudes to adolescent pregnancy? (2) What are adolescent men's attitudes and decision-making in relation to pregnancy outcomes?

Methods: Using Whittemore and Knafl's process for conducting an integrative review, 38 studies published between 2010 and 2017 reporting on young men's attitudes and decision-making in relation to pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes were analysed.

Results: One of the most important conclusions of this review is that the findings of studies can often be contradictory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.12.008DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

When do peers matter? The moderating role of peer support in the relationship between environmental adversity, complex trauma, and adolescent psychopathology in socially disadvantaged adolescents.

J Adolesc 2019 Apr 10;72:14-22. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, KU Leuven, Tiensestraat 102 - Pobox 3720, 3000 Leuven, Belgium; Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, UCL (University College London), 1-19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 7HB, UK.

Introduction: This study examined the longitudinal associations between environmental adversity (defined in terms of exposure to violence in the neighborhood, school, and media), complex trauma (operationalized as experiences of abuse and neglect), and adolescents' internalizing and externalizing symptoms.

Methods: Using a cross-lagged panel research design, we investigated the moderating role of peer support in these relationships in a sample of 644 adolescents from a severely disadvantaged district of Lima, Peru, who were followed up in a 1-year prospective study.

Results And Conclusions: We found significant unidirectional dynamic relations, where both types of adversity were associated with higher levels of internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.02.001DOI Listing

Examining the interplay of self-esteem, trait-emotional intelligence, and age with depression across adolescence.

J Adolesc 2019 Feb 7;71:162-166. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Sociology, Psychology, and Social Work, The University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica.

Introduction: While there has been much empirical work demonstrating the deleterious effects of low self-esteem on adolescent depression, very little of this has been conducted in low-to middle-income countries. Furthermore, one's trait-emotional intelligence (TEI) has rarely been examined in interaction with self-esteem to predict adolescent depression. To address these gaps, the current brief report examined the interacting effects of TEI on the associations of self-esteem and depressive symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.01.008DOI Listing
February 2019

School-based early intervention for anxiety and depression in older adolescents: A feasibility randomised controlled trial of a self-referral stress management workshop programme ("DISCOVER").

J Adolesc 2019 Feb 7;71:150-161. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK; School of Psychology, Pevensey Building, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QH, UK.

Introduction: Schools may provide a convenient intervention setting for young people with mental health problems generally, as well as for those who are unwilling or unable to access traditional clinic-based mental health services. However, few studies focus on older adolescents, or those from ethnic minority groups. This study aims to assess the feasibility of a brief school-based psychological intervention for self-referred adolescents aged 16-19 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.11.009DOI Listing
February 2019

Interaction effect of familism and socioeconomic status on academic outcomes of adolescent children of Latino immigrant families.

J Adolesc 2019 Feb 29;71:138-149. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Human Development, California State University San Marcos, CA, USA.

Introduction: Previous research has shown inconsistent findings of the effect of familism on academic outcomes among adolescents from Latino immigrant families. Guided by social capital theory and the concept of gendered familism, the current study examined differential effects of family obligation and family cohesion as subcomponents separately. This study also investigated the moderating effect of familial SES on the association of each component of familism and academic outcomes by gender. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.10.005DOI Listing
February 2019

Exploring how adolescents with ADHD use and interact with technology.

J Adolesc 2019 Feb 25;71:119-137. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Lehigh University, USA.

Introduction: The ubiquity of technology is reshaping the way teens express themselves and interact with peers. Considering that teens with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience a range of social impairments and that risk behaviors have the potential to be more widespread and damaging online, understanding how teens with ADHD use the Internet is important.

Methods: The current study included 58 teens (72. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.01.004DOI Listing
February 2019
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Further insight into adolescent personal identity statuses: Differences based on self-esteem, family climate, and family communication.

J Adolesc 2019 Feb 22;71:99-109. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

FAmily and DevelOpment Research Center (FADO), Institute of Psychology, University of Lausanne, Switzerland.

Introduction: During adolescence, youngsters are faced with the challenging task of forming an identity. This process can be either supported or hindered by adolescents' family context. The present study used a six-process model of personal identity including the five identity processes described by the dual-cycle model of identity (exploration in breadth, commitment making, exploration in depth, identification with commitment, and ruminative exploration) as well as a sixth identity process of reconsideration of commitment, commonly described in the three-factor model of identity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.01.003DOI Listing
February 2019
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The temporal association between emotional clarity and depression symptoms in adolescents.

J Adolesc 2019 Feb 24;71:110-118. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Institute of Psychology, Unit of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Leiden University, Wassenaarseweg 52, 2333 AK, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Introduction: Low emotional clarity, that is, problems in understanding and identifying one's own emotions, is generally seen as related to depression. Most empirical studies on this topic focused on the link between low levels of emotional clarity predicting depression problems, fewer studies on depression symptoms predicting low emotional clarity. All studies were restricted to unidirectional associations. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01401971193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.01.005DOI Listing
February 2019
16 Reads

Relational victimization and peer affiliate prosocial behaviors in African American adolescents: Moderating effects of gender and antisocial behavior.

J Adolesc 2019 Feb 15;71:91-98. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Oregon State University, USA.

Introduction: Experiencing relational victimization (e.g., peer exclusion, untrue rumors) during adolescence can have negative social-emotional consequences, including increased antisocial behavior and substance use. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01401971193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.01.002DOI Listing
February 2019
15 Reads

Contextualizing pubertal development: The combination of sexual partners' age and girls' pubertal development confers risk for externalizing but not internalizing symptoms among girls in therapeutic day schools.

J Adolesc 2019 Feb 11;71:84-90. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health, Department of Medicine, Chicago, IL, United States.

Objective: Early pubertal development is associated with negative health and mental health outcomes. Research on the influence of puberty on mental health underscores a need to examine the interplay between puberty and exposure to environmental risk. This study investigates a more rarely studied aspect of girls' environments - romantic relationships with boyfriends. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.01.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6428577PMC
February 2019
15 Reads

Evaluation of a virtual reality enhanced bullying prevention curriculum pilot trial.

J Adolesc 2019 Feb 10;71:72-83. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Harmony Labs, USA.

Introduction: Bullying is a widely prevalent public health and safety issue that can have serious long-term consequences for youth. Given the limited efficacy of traditional bullying prevention programs, a need exists for novel, theoretically informed, prevention programming. Construal Level Theory provides a useful framework. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.12.006DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Physiology of puberty in boys and girls and pathological disorders affecting its onset.

J Adolesc 2019 Feb 14;71:63-71. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University and King Khalid University Hospital, P.O Box 2925, Riyadh, 11461, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Puberty is a physiological event involving the attainment of reproductive capability and complete development of sexual and physical organs. Changing from childhood to adulthood is a complex process and is tightly controlled by interconnection pathways at the level of the hypothalamus which can be influenced by environmental, psychosocial, and endocrine factors. Although various mechanisms underlying the onset of normal puberty have been investigated in humans and animals, the exact molecular mechanisms thereof remain unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.12.007DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Does degree completion improve non-cognitive skills during early adulthood and adulthood?

Authors:
Katsuya Oi

J Adolesc 2019 Feb 4;71:50-62. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Sociology, Northern Arizona University, United States. Electronic address:

Introduction: Non-cognitive skills, particularly in terms of risk-aversion, future-orientation, and conscientiousness, grow with age, and this phenomenon is known as personality maturation. However, significant variability in maturation among individuals exists. The technology of cognitive/non-cognitive skill formation suggests that the growth of non-cognitive skills is contingent on cognitive skills or human capital in general. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.12.001DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

A qualitative investigation of expected versus actual initial sexual experiences before age 16.

J Adolesc 2019 Feb 31;71:38-49. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Psychology, 38 Dineen Drive, Keirstead Hall, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, E3B 5A3, Canada. Electronic address:

Introduction: Individuals often develop expectations prior to their initial sexual experiences based on external messages from peers and the broader culture. According to sexual script theory (Simon & Gagnon, 1986), these expectations form schemas about how an initial sexual experience should occur. When reality deviates from these schemas, dissatisfaction can occur (McCormick, 1987). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.12.002DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Evaluating school and peer protective factors in the effects of interparental conflict on adolescent threat appraisals and self-efficacy.

J Adolesc 2019 Feb 26;71:28-37. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, USA; Prevention Research Center, The Pennsylvania State University, USA.

Introduction: Recent work has sought to understand how family-specific risk, such as exposure to interparental conflict, may generalize to developmentally-salient processes in adolescence. A cascade model has been identified in which conflict-specific threat appraisals may erode adolescents' self-efficacy over time, and in turn, undermine their psychological well-being. The goal of this study was to integrate success in the school and peer contexts as potential contextual protective factors that may mitigate the effects of interparental conflict on self-efficacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.12.005DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Perceived parental guan and school adjustment among Chinese early adolescents: The moderating role of interdependent self-construal.

J Adolesc 2019 Feb 22;71:18-27. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Developmental Psychology and Socialization, University of Padova, Italy. Electronic address:

Introduction: Previous research suggests that supportive parenting is positively related to adolescents' academic and psychological functioning. However, most extant research has focused on parenting styles observed in Western countries, whereas less is known about the role of culturally specific parenting dimensions in Eastern countries such as China. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between parental guan and school adjustment in Mainland Chinese early adolescents, postulating moderation by interdependent self-construal (ISC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.12.003DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

The effect of active and passive peer encouragement on adolescent risk-taking.

J Adolesc 2019 Feb 21;71:10-17. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Interdisciplinary Social Science, Utrecht University, Padualaan 14, 3584 CH Utrecht, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Introduction: In this experiment, we investigated the effect of active (pressure) and passive (imitation) peer encouragement on adolescent risk-taking and assessed gender differences.

Method: The participants performed the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART) with the same-sex e-confederate. The experiment consisted of a 2 (passive encouragement: no/yes updates about the number of pumps of the e-confederate) by 2 (active encouragement: no/yes messages received from the e-confederate) by 2 (gender: girls/boys) by 3 (time: baseline/first message or update/second message or update) mixed design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.12.004DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Indicators of positive youth development can be maladaptive: The example case of caring.

J Adolesc 2019 Feb 21;71:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Human Development and Family Studies, Oregon State University, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Research on positive youth development typically takes a more-is-better approach in which higher scores on measures of positive youth development indicate better outcomes. We question the validity of this assumption and describe how an imbalance among the Five Cs of Positive Youth Development can lead to a situation where "more" is actually "less." We then provide an empirical illustration using cross-sectional data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.11.008DOI Listing
February 2019
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School effectiveness and students' future orientation: A multilevel analysis of upper secondary schools in Stockholm, Sweden.

J Adolesc 2019 Jan 10;70:62-73. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Stockholm University, SE-106 91, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address:

Introduction: Future orientation (FO) refers to individuals' beliefs and feelings about their future. Earlier research has primarily investigated correlates of FO at the individual and family level, but it seems likely that FO is also shaped by other central agents or institutions, such as the school. Earlier studies have found positive associations between "school effectiveness" and student performance, and negative associations in relation to e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.11.007DOI Listing
January 2019
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The impact of stress latent class membership and transitions on statutory service and alcohol use in adolescents across 33 months.

J Adolesc 2019 Jan 5;70:53-61. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

University of Liverpool, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Introduction: Adolescence is a period of intense physical, biological, and psychological change, and this can result in feelings of stress. We examined the development of stress in early adolescence, and further, how that development impacted on both alcohol-use behaviours and utilisation of government-provided services.

Methods: We used a shortened, 24-item version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ) to account for stress, and applied latent transition analysis to examine longitudinal change. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.11.005DOI Listing
January 2019
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It can be beautiful or destructive: Street-involved youth's perceptions of their romantic relationships and resilience.

J Adolesc 2019 Jan 4;70:43-52. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

York University, 5022 TEL, 4700 Keele St., Toronto ON, M3J 1P3, Canada. Electronic address:

Introduction: This study examined romantic relationships among street-involved youth through the overlapping perspectives of resilience, attachment and social bonding. The main goal was to assess how youth understand their romantic attachment bonds as supporting or undermining resilience. While there are qualitative reports on how the social relationships of street-involved youth are linked to resilience, romantic relationships have yet to be differentiated with regard to resilience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.11.006DOI Listing
January 2019
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Motivation matters: Development and validation of the Motivation for Solitude Scale - Short Form (MSS-SF).

J Adolesc 2019 Jan 23;70:33-42. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Psychology, University of California, Santa Cruz, Social Sciences 2, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, United States. Electronic address:

Introduction: Motivation is an overlooked but crucial factor in determining whether solitude is psychologically beneficial or risky. This paper describes the development and validation of the Motivation for Solitude Scale - Short-Form (MSS-SF), a measure grounded in Self-Determination Theory that differentiates between intrinsic versus extrinsic motivations for solitude.

Methods: Emerging adult (N = 803) and adolescent (N = 176) participants were recruited in four successive samples from the United States for the purposes of scale development and validation. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01401971183019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.11.004DOI Listing
January 2019
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Considering the negatively formed identity: Relationships between negative identity and problematic psychosocial beliefs.

J Adolesc 2019 Jan 22;70:24-32. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Hiroshima University, 1-1-1 Kagamiyama, Higashihiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8524, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction: Developing a firm sense of identity is a critical developmental task in adolescence and emerging adulthood, but little or no empirical research exists regarding individuals who firmly form negative identities and psychosocial beliefs. This study examined the formation of negative identities in youth and its association with psychosocial beliefs in terms of variable-oriented psychosocial facets (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.11.002DOI Listing
January 2019
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The importance of self-efficacy and educational aspirations for academic achievement in resource-limited countries: Evidence from Ghana.

J Adolesc 2019 Jan 22;70:13-23. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

University of North Carolina, School of Social Work, 325 Pittsboro St., CB#3550, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3550, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Research on the influence of academic self-efficacy and educational aspirations on academic performance is underdeveloped in resource-limited countries. This study replicates and expands on earlier research that investigated a complex network of relationships between academic self-efficacy, educational aspirations, and academic performance.

Methods: Data from 4282 adolescents in Ghana and path analysis were used to test the causal pathways, and path invariance analysis was used to assess the moderation role of gender. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01401971183019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.11.003DOI Listing
January 2019
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Peer influence or projection bias? Predicting respondent delinquency with perceptual measures of peer delinquency in 22 samples.

Authors:
Glenn D Walters

J Adolesc 2019 Jan 22;70:1-12. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Criminal Justice, Kutztown University, Kutztown, PA 19530-0730 USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: The current study was designed to determine whether the peer influence effect is the direct result of respondents projecting their own delinquency onto peers in a process referred to as projection bias.

Methods: Data from 22 gender-homogeneous U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.11.001DOI Listing
January 2019
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Perceptions of middle school youth about school bullying.

J Adolesc 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Center for Innovative Public Health Research, San Clemente, CA, United States.

Introduction: Bullying prevention remains a major focus for schools yet prevention programs have yielded limited efficacy. This suggests that efforts to make the programs more salient for youth may result in greater reductions in bullying behavior.

Methods: To inform the development of a text messaging-based bullying prevention program for middle school youth, we conducted two online, asynchronous focus groups with 37 youth in grades 6-8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.10.008DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads