3,173 results match your criteria Jornal de Pediatria[Journal]


Can simple and low-cost motor function assessments help in the diagnostic suspicion of Duchenne muscular dystrophy?

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Departamento de Pediatria, Genética Clínica, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Background: Duchenne muscular dystrophy, an X-linked genetic disease, leads to progressive muscle weakness mainly in the lower limbs. Motor function tests help to monitor disease progression. Can low-cost, simple assessments help in the diagnostic suspicion of Duchenne muscular dystrophy? The authors aim to define the sensitivity of time to rise from the floor, time to walk 10meters (10MWT), and time to run 10meters (10MRT), evaluating them as eventual diagnostic screening tools. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2019.02.003DOI Listing

Urotherapy in the treatment of children and adolescents with bladder and bowel dysfunction: a systematic review.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Universidade de Brasília (UnB), Departamento de Enfermagem, Brasília, DF, Brazil; Society for Pediatric Urology (SPU), United States; McGill University, Ingram School of Nursing, Quebec, Canada; Shriners Hospital for Children, Quebec, Canada.

Objective: To identify and describe the protocols and clinical outcomes of urotherapy interventions in children and adolescents with bladder bowel dysfunction.

Method: Systematic review carried out in June 2018 on MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, SciELO, Cochrane, and PsycInfo databases. Clinical trials and quasi-experimental studies carried out in the last ten years in children and/or adolescents with bladder and bowel symptoms and application of at least one component of urotherapy were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2019.02.007DOI Listing

Asthma mortality in children and adolescents of Brazil over a 20-year period.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Hospital das Clínicas, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Objective: To evaluate the number of asthma deaths and the temporal trend of the asthma-specific mortality rate in children and adolescents up to 19 years of age in Brazil.

Methods: This is an ecological time-series study of asthma deaths reported in Brazil, in the population up to 19 years of age, between 1996 and 2015. The specific asthma mortality rate and its temporal trend were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2019.02.006DOI Listing

Neonatal screening tests in Brazil: prevalence rates and regional and socioeconomic inequalities.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), Departamento de Saúde Pública, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To identify the prevalence and associated factors with the performance of the Guthrie test, hearing, and red reflex screening tests in Brazil.

Methods: This was a population-based, cross-sectional study that analyzed data on 5231 children under 2 years of age participating in the National Health Survey of 2013. The study described the prevalence and confidence intervals (95% CI) of the three neonatal screening tests performed, in any period, and their association with the country's regions, skin color/ethnicity, private health insurance, and per capita household income. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2019.02.008DOI Listing

Influence of nutritional factors and the PON1 C(-107)T polymorphism on paraoxonase-1 activity in childhood.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel), Faculdade de Nutrição, Pelotas, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: The cardioprotective enzyme paraoxonase-1 (PON1) suffers an important influence from genetic polymorphisms and nutritional factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of diet, nutritional status, and the C(-107)T polymorphism on PON1 arylesterase activity in children.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with 97 children, aged between 5 and 8 years, of both genders, from a pediatric outpatient clinic in southern Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2019.02.004DOI Listing

Thermoregulatory and perceptual responses of lean and obese fit and unfit girls exercising in the heat.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Escola de Educação Física, Fisioterapia e Dança, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objective: To verify the thermoregulatory and perceptual responses of obese and lean girls, either fit or unfit, exercising in the heat at a similar rate of metabolic heat production per unit body mass.

Methods: A total of 34 pubescent girls were allocated in four groups: 12 obese fit, 9 obese unfit, 5 lean fit, and 8 lean unfit. The obese groups (13. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.12.011DOI Listing

Sarcopenia in children and adolescents with chronic liver disease.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Instituto de Ciências da Saúde, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Processos Interativos dos Órgãos e Sistemas, Salvador, BA, Brazil; Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Faculdade de Medicina (FAMED), Departamento de Pediatria, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Complexo Hospitalar Universitário Professor Edgard Santos (HUPES), Serviço de Gastroenterologia e Hepatologia Pediátricas, Salvador, BA, Brazil.

Objective: To investigate the occurrence of sarcopenia in children and adolescents with chronic liver disease.

Methods: A series of cases, with patients aged 6-19 years of both genders, who were treated in Liver Outpatient Clinics. Weight, height, muscle strength (assessed by manual grip strength), and muscle mass (estimated through dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) were measured. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00217557183108
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2019.02.005DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Prevalence and impact of asthma in schoolchildren in the city of Caxias do Sul-RS.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Escola de Medicina, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objective: To analyze the prevalence and impact of asthma in schoolchildren from the municipality of Caxias do Sul-RS, Brazil.

Methods: Cross-sectional observational and case-control study with children and adolescents aged 7-15 years old, from public schools in Caxias do Sul-RS. The study consisted of two phases: in Phase I the prevalence of asthma in the designated population was analyzed, investigating 1915 schoolchildren; in Phase II, quality of life, asthma control and classification (for the asthmatic group), physical activity, and school performance questionnaires were applied to 266 asthmatics and 288 controls, as well as pulmonary function tests and anthropometric measures. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00217557183113
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2019.01.001DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Answer to Letter to the Editor "Some flaws that could change the effect sizes and limit the extrapolation of these results".

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Hospital Moinhos de Vento, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Grupo Hospitalar Conceição, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Saúde da Criança e do Adolescente, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Quality of interactive media use in early childhood and child development: a multicriteria analysis.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri (UFVJM), Departamento de Fisioterapia e SaSA, Diamantina, MG, Brazil Received 3 September 2018; accepted 6 November 2018.

Objectives: (1) To develop an index that allows the measurement of the quality of interactive media used by children in early childhood. (2) To verify whether there is an association between the index and cognitive development, expressive language, and fine and gross motor development.

Methods: A quantitative, cross-sectional, exploratory study with 103 children, aged 24 to 42 months, evaluated by the Bayley Scale of Infant and Toddler Development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.11.015DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Characterization of adverse drug events identified by trigger in Brazilian pediatric inpatients.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG), Faculdade de Farmácia, Laboratório de Pesquisa em Ensino e Serviços de Saúde (LaPESS), Goiânia, GO, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To describe the frequency and characteristics of adverse drug events in pediatric inpatients in a Brazilian tertiary teaching hospital.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted by retrospective and manual chart review of 240 pediatric admissions to identify adverse drug events using 17 triggers. When triggers were detected in the chart, reviewers investigated the chart in depth to decide whether an event occurred. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.12.009DOI Listing
February 2019

Association between exposure to urban waste and emotional and behavioral difficulties in schoolchildren.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Universidade de Caxias do Sul (UCS), Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Caxias do Sul, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the association between living near waste recycling sites and emotional or behavioral difficulties in schoolchildren.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study with schoolchildren aged 6-13 years old from disadvantaged communities in a Brazilian city, divided between those who live less than 100m away from the central point of the recycling site and those that live more than 150m away from the site, as a control group and classified through georeferencing. The emotional and behavioral difficulties were investigated using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire tool. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.11.014DOI Listing
February 2019

Bladder and bowel symptoms experienced by children with osteogenesis imperfecta.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Ingram School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada; Shriners Hospital for Children, Montreal, Canada.

Objective: To estimate the prevalence and presentation of bladder, bowel, and combined bladder and bowel symptoms experienced by children with osteogenesis imperfecta and to describe the socio-demographic and clinical profile of these children.

Method: A descriptive study was conducted with a convenience sample of parent-child pairs of toilet-trained children aged from 3 to 18 years. Pairs were interviewed using three tools: (1) Socio-Demographic and Clinical Questionnaire; (2) Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System; (3) Rome III Criteria along with the Bristol Stool Scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.12.008DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Brainstem auditory evoked potentials in children with autism spectrum disorder.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Faculdade de Medicina (FM), Departamento de Terapia Física, Fonoaudiologia e Terapia Ocupacional, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the neural encoding of verbal and nonverbal stimuli in individuals with autism spectrum disorder using brainstem auditory evoked potentials.

Methodology: Thirty individuals between 7 and 12 years of age and of both genders participated in this study. Fifteen were diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, and 15 had typical development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.12.010DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Abnormal thymic stromal lymphopoietin expression in the gastrointestinal mucosa of patients with eosinophilic gastroenteritis.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Children's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Department of Gastroenterology, Nanjing, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the differential expression of the thymic stromal lymphopoietin isoforms, short and long, and discern their biological implications under eosinophilic gastroenteritis.

Methods: The expression of thymic stromal lymphopoietin and its two isoforms in tissues was assessed by quantitative RT-PCR in healthy controls (n=24) and patients with eosinophilic gastroenteritis (n=17).

Results: Thymic stromal lymphopoietin mRNA was significantly reduced in eosinophilic gastroenteritis when compared with healthy controls (p<0. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00217557183086
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.11.012DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Prenatal factors associated with fetal visceral adiposity.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Instituto de Pesquisa Professor Joaquim Amorim Neto (IPESq), Campina Grande, PB, Brazil; Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP), Programa de Pós-graduação em Saúde Materno Infantil, Recife, PE, Brazil; Universidade Federal de Campina Grande (UFCG), Departamento de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil.

Objective: To assess fetal visceral adiposity and associated factors during pregnancy.

Methods: Secondary analysis of prospective cohort data with 172 pairs (pregnant woman/fetus) treated at public health units. Anthropometric data, metabolic (glucose, glycated hemoglobin, insulin, insulin resistance, total cholesterol and fractions, triglycerides) measures, fetal biometry, and visceral and subcutaneous adiposity in the binomial (pregnant woman/fetus) were evaluated at the 16th, 28th and 36th gestational weeks by ultrasonography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.11.013DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Some flaws that could change the effect sizes and limit the extrapolation of these results.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.11.011DOI Listing
February 2019

Neck circumference cutoff points to identify excess android fat.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Departamento de Nutrição e Saúde, Viçosa, MG, Brazil Received 25 April 2018; accepted 19 November 2018.

Objective: To evaluate the ability of neck circumference to identify excess android fat and to propose cutoff points for Brazilian children.

Method: This was a cross-sectional study with 376 children aged 8 and 9 years enrolled in public and private schools in the urban area of the municipality of Viçosa, Minas Gerais. A semi-structured questionnaire containing sociodemographic and lifestyle information was applied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.11.009DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Association between dietary pattern and metabolic disorders in children and adolescents with urolithiasis.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Departamento de Pediatria, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianópolis, SC, Brazil; Hospital Infantil Joana de Gusmão, Unidades de Nefrologia Pediátrica e de Terapia Intensiva, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil Received 31 August 2018; accepted 31 October 2018. Electronic address:

Objective: To describe the dietary patterns and occurrence of metabolic disorders in children and adolescents with urolithiasis treatment at a referral hospital in southern Brazil in order to learn the features of urolithiasis in this population to better develop preventive actions.

Methods: Descriptive study conducted between 2016 and 2017 in a tertiary care referral hospital. Fourty patients aged 2-19 years old with urolithiasis proven by imaging were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.11.008DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Psychiatric disorders in children with enuresis at 6 and 11 years old in a birth cohort.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Feb 3. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Medicina Interna, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil Received 22 Agust 2018; accepted 6 November 2018.

Objective: Enuresis may have a negative impact on the self-image in childhood and adolescence. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between enuresis and psychiatric disorders at 6 and 11 years of age.

Method: 3,356 children of a birth cohort were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.11.010DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Environmental enteric dysfunction and growth.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Mar - Apr;95 Suppl 1:85-94. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Departamento Materno-Infantil, Recife, PE, Brazil.

Objective: To describe the current indicators of environmental enteric dysfunction and its association with linear growth deficit and the height-for-age anthropometric indicator.

Data Sources: Narrative review with articles identified in PubMed and Scopus databases using combinations of the following words: environmental, enteric, dysfunction, enteropathy, and growth, as well as the authors' personal records.

Data Synthesis: In the last 15 years, new non-invasive markers have been investigated to characterize environmental enteric dysfunction; however, the best tests to be used have not yet been identified. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00217557183111
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.11.004DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads

Growth and mouth breathers.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Mar - Apr;95 Suppl 1:66-71. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM), Departamento de Pediatria, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To assess the relationship between mouth breathing and growth disorders among children and teenagers.

Data Source: Search on MEDLINE database, over the last 10 years, by using the following terms: "mouth breathing", "adenotonsilar hypertrophy", "allergic rhinitis", "sleep disturbance" AND "growth impairment", "growth hormone", "failure to thrive", "short stature", or "failure to thrive".

Data Summary: A total of 247 articles were identified and, after reading the headings, this number was reduced to 45 articles, whose abstracts were read and, of these, 20 were deemed important and were included in the review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.11.005DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Influence of the antiretroviral therapy on the growth pattern of children and adolescents living with HIV/AIDS.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Mar - Apr;95 Suppl 1:95-101. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Santa Casa de São Paulo, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Departamento de Pediatria, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: Weight and height growth impairment is one of the most frequent manifestations in HIV-infected children and may be the first sign of disease, being considered a marker of disease progression and an independent risk factor for death. The aim of this review is to evaluate the influence of antiretroviral therapy on the growth pattern of children and adolescents living with HIV/AIDS.

Source Of Data: A non-systematic review was carried out in the PubMed database, with the terms "HIV", "Weight and height growth", "ART" and "children". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.12.007DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Growth in exclusively breastfed infants.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Mar - Apr;95 Suppl 1:79-84. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Pediatria, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To address the growth of full-term children in the first 6 months of life in exclusive breastfeeding.

Source Of Data: A non-systematic review was carried out by searching the MEDLINE/PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases and the World Health Organization website for articles and documents on the growth of exclusively breastfed infants and their monitoring. Those documents considered to be the most relevant by the author were selected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.11.007DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Sex and age disparities in physical activity among Brazilian adolescents: nature or nurture?

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 26. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Epidemiologia, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.12.006DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Repercussions of inborn errors of immunity on growth.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Mar - Apr;95 Suppl 1:49-58. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Universidad del Desarrollo, Facultad de Medicina, Instituto de Ciencias e Innovación em Medicina, Santiago, Chile.

Objectives: This study aimed to review the literature on the repercussions of the different inborn errors of immunity on growth, drawing attention to the diagnosis of this group of diseases in patients with growth disorders, as well as to enable the identification of the different causes of growth disorders in patients with inborn errors of immunity, which can help in their treatment.

Data Sources: Non-systematic review of the literature, searching articles since 2000 in PubMed with the terms "growth", "growth disorders", "failure to thrive", or "short stature" AND "immunologic deficiency syndromes", "immune deficiency disease", or "immune deficiency" NOT HIV. The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIN) database was searched for immunodeficiencies and short stature or failure to thrive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.11.006DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Effects of physical activity on children's growth.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Mar - Apr;95 Suppl 1:72-78. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Hospital Oftalmológico de Brasília (HOB), Brasília, DF, Brazil.

Objective: To describe the current scientific knowledge on the effects of physical exercise on the growth of children and adolescents since intrauterine life.

Source Of Data: A search was carried out in the Medline, Embase, Scielo, and Cochrane databases of studies published from 1990 to 2018. The authors included studies with different designs: clinical trials, cohort, cross-sectional and review studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.11.003DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Events that have an impact on growth.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Mar - Apr;95 Suppl 1. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Serviço de Neonatologia, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Editor-in-chief of the Jornal de Pediatria, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.12.004DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Effects of Zika infection on growth.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Mar - Apr;95 Suppl 1:30-41. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Faculdade de Medicina, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Objectives: To present the currently available evidence of the effects of congenital Zika virus infection on infant growth, to discuss possible intervening factors, and to describe preliminary data on this growth in a cohort of exposed children.

Source Of Data: Non-systematic review in PubMed, BVS, CAPES, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane and Google Scholar databases in the last 5 years, using the terms infection/disease by Zika virus and growth/nutrition/nutritional status/infant nutrition and nutritional needs. Additionally, the anthropometric data of the first 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.10.016DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Smoking: it's still a big problem in children with asthma.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 24. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Duke University, School of Medicine, Division of Allergy, Immunology and Pulmonary Medicine, Durham, United States.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.12.005DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Association of body composition and age at menarche in girls and adolescents in the Brazilian Legal Amazon.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Universidade Federal Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Departamento de Fisiologia, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objective: To analyze the association between age at menarche and variables of body composition in girls from the Northern region of Brazil, the Brazilian Legal Amazon.

Method: The sample was composed of 926 school girls, aged between 8 and 18 years, divided into two groups, those who had (G1; n=727; 72.5%) and had not undergone menarche (G2; n=199; 21. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.10.012DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Linear growth and bone metabolism in pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Mar - Apr;95 Suppl 1:59-65. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Programa de Pós-graduação em Saúde da Criança e do Adolescente (PPGSCA), Recife, PE, Brazil; Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Departamento Materno-Infantil, Recife, PE, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To review the pathophysiology and evaluation methods of linear growth and bone mineral density in children and adolescents diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease.

Source Of Data: Narrative review carried out in the PubMed and Scopus databases through an active search of the terms: inflammatory bowel disease, growth, failure to thrive, bone health, bone mineral density, and children and adolescents, related to the last ten years, searching in the title, abstract, or keyword fields.

Synthesis Of Findings: Inflammatory bowel diseases of childhood onset may present as part of the clinical picture of delayed linear growth in addition to low bone mineral density. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.11.002DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

First report of two consecutive respiratory syncytial virus outbreaks by the novel genotypes ON-1 and NA-2 in a neonatal intensive care unit.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Santa Casa de São Paulo, Unidade de Infectologia Pediátrica, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: Respiratory syncytial virus is a pathogen frequently involved in nosocomial outbreaks. Although several studies have reported nosocomial outbreaks in neonatal intensive care units, molecular epidemiology data are scarce. Here, the authors describe two consecutive respiratory syncytial virus outbreaks caused by genotypes ON-1 and NA-2 in a neonatal intensive care unit in São Paulo, Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.10.014DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Mortality of patients with chronic disease: an increasing problem.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Madrid, Spain; Maternal and Child Health and Development Network, RETICS funded by the PN I+D+I 2013-2016 (Spain), ISCIII-Sub-Directorate General for Research Assessment and Promotion and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), Madrid, Spain; Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Medicina, Departamento de Salud Pública y Maternoinfantil, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.12.002DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Why are children different in their moderate-to-vigorous physical activity levels? A multilevel analysis.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Desporto, Porto, Portugal.

Objective: Children's differences in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity levels are not at random. This study investigates the relevance of individual- and school-level characteristics in explaining these differences.

Methods: In total, 307 children (154 girls) aged 5-10 years, from 19 Portuguese schools, were sampled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.10.013DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Postnatal management of growth failure in children born small for gestational age.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Mar - Apr;95 Suppl 1:23-29. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Universidade Federal da Bahia, Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Pediatria, Salvador, BA, Brazil.

Objectives: To discuss the etiology and growth consequences of small size at birth and the indications, effects, and safety of biosynthetic growth hormone therapy in children born small for gestational age.

Source Of Data: A comprehensive and non-systematic search was carried out in the PubMed, LILACS, and SciELO databases from 1980 to the present day, using the terms "small for gestational age," "intrauterine growth restriction," and "growth hormone". The publications were critically selected by the authors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.10.015DOI Listing
December 2018
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Prevalence, mortality and risk factors associated with very low birth weight preterm infants: an analysis of 33 years.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Hospital São Lucas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Pediatria e Saúde da Criança, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objective: To assess the prevalence, mortality and risk factors associated with the birth of very low birth weight preterm infants over a period of 33 years.

Methods: Four cross-sectional studies were analyzed, using data from perinatal interviews of birth cohorts in the city of Pelotas collected in 1982, 1993, 2004, and 2015. Based on perinatal questionnaires, anthropometric measurements of newborns and death certificates were analyzed to obtain the prevalence rate, neonatal mortality, and risk factors (maternal age, income and type of delivery) for very low birth weight. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00217557183063
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.10.011DOI Listing
December 2018
15 Reads

Unwinding old habits: deimplementation of treatment regimens for patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants.

Authors:
William E Benitz

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Stanford University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Palo Alto, United States. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.12.003DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Asthma control in the quality of life levels of asthmatic patients' caregivers: a systematic review with meta-analysis and meta-regression.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Saúde da Criança, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Centro Universitário da Serra Gaúcha (FSG), Caxias do Sul, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To perform a systematic review with meta-analysis and meta-regression to correlate the total scores of asthma control with the increase in the total scores of health-related quality of life levels of parents of asthmatic children.

Sources: The search was carried out in the following databases: PubMed (MEDLINE); Embase and ScienceDirect (Elsevier); SciELO and LILACs (Bireme) in June 2017. The included studies assessed asthma control through the Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ), Asthma Control Test (C-ACT/ACT), and Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) questionnaires, whereas the Pediatric Asthma Caregiver's Quality of Life Questionnaire (PACQLQ) was applied to assess the HRQoL of parents and family members. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.10.010DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Volumetric capnography versus spirometry for the evaluation of pulmonary function in cystic fibrosis and allergic asthma.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Departamento de Pediatria, Campinas, SP, Brazil; Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Laboratório de Fisiologia Pulmonar (LAFIP), Centro de Investigação em Pediatria (CIPED), Campinas, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To compare the values of the markers for volumetric capnography and spirometry and their ability to classify children and adolescents with asthma, cystic fibrosis (CF), and healthy controls.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that included 103 patients with controlled persistent allergic asthma, 53 with CF and a healthy control group with 40 volunteers (aged 6 to 15 years), of both sexes. The individuals underwent volumetric capnography and spirometry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.10.008DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Sleep and weight-height development.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Mar - Apr;95 Suppl 1:2-9. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Escola de Medicina, Departamento de Neurociências, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Instituto do Cérebro do Rio Grande do Sul (InsCer), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objectives: To describe the association between sleep duration and weight-height development in children and adolescents.

Source Of Data: A non-systematic search in the MEDLINE database was performed using the terms anthropometry, body composition, overweight, obesity, body mass index, growth, length, short stature, sleep, children, and infants and adolescents, limited to the last 5 years. The references cited in the revised articles were also reviewed, when relevant. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00217557183101
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.10.009DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Blood pressure reference values for Brazilian adolescents: data from the Study of Cardiovascular Risk in Adolescents (ERICA Study).

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Universidade Federal de Goiás, Liga de Hipertensão Arterial, Goiânia, GO, Brazil.

Objective: Blood pressure (BP) references for Brazilian adolescents are lacking in the literature. This study aims to investigate the normal range of office BP in a healthy, non-overweight Brazilian population of adolescents.

Method: The Brazilian Study of Cardiovascular Risks in Adolescents (Portuguese acronym "ERICA") is a national school-based study that included adolescents (aged 12 through 17 years), enrolled in public and private schools, in cities with over 100,000 inhabitants, from all five Brazilian macro-regions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.09.003DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Preterm newborn's postnatal growth patterns: how to evaluate them.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Mar - Apr;95 Suppl 1:42-48. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Departamento de Pediatria, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Serviço de Neonatologia, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objectives: There are several factors that influence the postnatal growth of preterm infants. It is crucial to define how to evaluate the growth rate of each preterm child and its individual trajectory, the type of growth curve, either with parameters of prescriptive curves for healthy preterm infants with no morbidities or, in the case of preterm infants and their "bundle of vulnerabilities", growth curves that may represent how they are actually growing, with the aim of directing appropriate nutritional care to each gestational age range.

Data Sources: The main studies with growth curves for growth monitoring and the appropriate nutritional adjustments that prioritized the individual trajectory of postnatal growth rate were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.10.006DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Is physical activity associated with resting heart rate in boys and girls? A representative study controlled for confounders.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Universidade Estadual Paulista, Departamento de Educação Física, Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: Investigate the relationship between different domains of physical activity and resting heart rate (RHR) in boys and girls.

Method: The sample included 1011 adolescents, aged between 10 and 17 years. RHR was measured by a heart rate monitor and physical activity was assessed in total and in three different domains (school, occupational, and sports practice) by a questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.10.007DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

The impact of asthma and its treatment on growth: an evidence-based review.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Mar - Apr;95 Suppl 1:10-22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Facultad de Medicina, División de Pediatría, Unidad de Neumología Pediátrica, Santiago, Chile.

Objectives: To assess the impact of asthma and its treatment (inhaled corticosteroids and other control medications) on growth.

Data Sources: The authors searched PubMed (up to August 24, 2018) and screened the reference lists of retrieved articles. Systematic reviews and meta-analysis were selected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.10.005DOI Listing
November 2018
17 Reads

Clinical outcomes after more conservative management of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Nov 10. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Universitat de Barcelona, Hospital Clínic, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, BCNatal - Centre de Medicina Maternofetal i Neonatologia de Barcelona, Departament de Neonatologia, Barcelona, Spain.

Objective: Management of patent ductus arteriosus is still controversial. This study aimed to describe the impact of a more conservative approach on treatment rates and on main outcomes of prematurity, especially in preterm infants with <26 weeks of gestation.

Method: Clinical charts review of infants ≤30 weeks with patent ductus arteriosus between 2009 and 2016 at two centers. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00217557183081
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.10.004DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Khamapirad radiologic criteria as a predictor of pneumonia's bacterial etiology.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Nov - Dec;94(6):689-690. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas, Lima, Peru. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.05.018DOI Listing
July 2018
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Adolescents' healthy lifestyle.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Oct 27. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Medicina, Instituto de Saúde Ambiental, Lisbon, Portugal; Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Lisbon, Portugal.

Objective: Using a wide and representative sample of adolescents from 37 countries, this study aimed to analyze how age changes adolescents' healthy lifestyle.

Methods: The study included 148,839 adolescents who participated in the Health Behavior in School-aged Children 2010 survey. A composite score of a healthy lifestyle was created using the combination of daily physical activity, daily fruit and vegetable consumption, <2h daily on screen-based behaviors, abstinence from alcohol, and abstinence from tobacco products. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.09.002DOI Listing
October 2018
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Relationship between bullying and type 1 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents: a systematic review.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Faculdade de Medicina, Hospital Universitário Prof. Edgard Santos, Unidade de Endocrinologia Pediátrica, Salvador, BA, Brazil.

Objective: To carry out a systematic review on the relationship of bullying with type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents.

Methods: Systematic review, according to the PRISMA methodology, in which the databases PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Thomson Reuters, Eighteenth Century Collections Online, Begell House Digital Library, LILACS, and SciELO were searched using the terms "bullied", "aggression", "peer victimization", "victimization", "school violence", "diabetes mellitus", "type 1 diabetes mellitus", "autoimmune diabetes", "children" and "adolescents." The authors included original studies, involving bullying associated with type 1 diabetes, with children and adolescents, without language restriction and publication period, with texts available in full. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.10.003DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Refractory functional constipation: clinical management or appendicostomy?

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Oct 22. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Departamento de Pediatria, Campinas, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To compare the clinical evolution in patients with refractory functional constipation undergoing different therapeutic regimens: oral laxatives and antegrade enemas via appendicostomy or clinical treatment with oral laxatives and rectal enemas.

Methods: Analysis of a series of 28 patients with a mean age of 7.9 years (2. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00217557183060
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.09.001DOI Listing
October 2018
19 Reads