78 results match your criteria Joint Reduction Shoulder Dislocation Inferior

Transient postoperative inferior subluxation of the shoulder after surgical stabilization of recurrent anterior dislocation in a patient with myasthenia gravis: a case report.

Clin Shoulder Elb 2022 May 11. Epub 2022 May 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

The authors present a case of transient postoperative inferior subluxation of the shoulder after arthroscopic surgical stabilization for recurrent anterior dislocation. The patient was a 61-year-old woman with myasthenia gravis (MG). The first anterior shoulder dislocation occurred because of a fall to the ground. Read More

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The biomechanical effect of injury and repair of the inferior glenohumeral ligament on glenohumeral stability: Contribution of the posterior band.

Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 2022 01 25;91:105540. Epub 2021 Nov 25.

Clinique des Maussins, 67, rue de Romainville, 75019 Paris, France.

Background: Many surgical procedures are proposed to manage shoulder instability with recurrent dislocation but there is still a high rate of failure or complications. Repairs are often limited to anterior part of inferior glenohumeral ligament but some authors are reporting better clinical results if its posterior band is also repaired. This biomechanical study aimed to investigate the impact of a supplementary posterior injury compared with an isolated anterior injury and to analyze the contribution of a posterior repair of the inferior glenohumeral ligament compared with an isolated anterior repair. Read More

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January 2022

Hybrid coracoclavicular and acromioclavicular reconstruction in chronic acromioclavicular joint dislocations yields good functional and radiographic results.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2022 Jun 29;30(6):2084-2091. Epub 2021 Nov 29.

Department of Bone and Joint Surgery, Spedali Civili, Brescia, Italy.

Purpose: Optimal treatment of chronic unstable acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocations (stage 3-5 according the Rockwood classification) is still debated. Anatomic coracoclavicular (CC) reconstruction is a reliable option in terms of two-dimensional radiographic reduction, clinical outcomes, and return to sports, but there remain concerns regarding anterior-posterior stability of the AC joint with CC ligament reconstruction alone. The aim of the present study was to describe the mid-term results of a new hybrid technique with CC and AC ligament reconstruction for chronic AC joint dislocations. Read More

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[Anterior-superior dislocation of the shoulder: case report and review of the literature].

Pan Afr Med J 2021 2;40. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Service de Traumatologie et d´Orthopédie à la Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie, Université Cadi Ayyad, Marrakech, Maroc.

Traumatic dislocations of the shoulder joint are generally described as an antero-inferior dislocations. Anterior-superior dislocations are extremely rare. We report a rare case of traumatic dislocation of the anterior-superior shoulder in a 45-year-old patient whose physical examination showed an anterior-superior subcutaneous protrusion of the head filling the subacromial space. Read More

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October 2021

Concomitant Acromioclavicular and Coracoclavicular Ligament Reconstruction with a Duo-Figure-8 Autogenic Graft Wrapping Technique for Treating Chronic Acromioclavicular Separation.

Clin Orthop Surg 2021 Sep 9;13(3):366-375. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Orthopedics, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Backgroud: Coracoacromial ligament transfer is the traditional procedure for treating chronic acromioclavicular separation, but it is significantly inferior to ligament reconstruction according to biomechanical and clinical studies. However, ligament reconstruction carries the risk of complications of graft loosening and peri-tunnel fractures. Currently, there is no ligament reconstruction procedure optimal for preventing such complications. Read More

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September 2021

Anterior Shoulder Instability Part I-Diagnosis, Nonoperative Management, and Bankart Repair-An International Consensus Statement.

Arthroscopy 2022 02 29;38(2):214-223.e7. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

NYU Langone Health, New York, New york, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to establish consensus statements via a modified Delphi process on the diagnosis, nonoperative management, and Bankart repair for anterior shoulder instability.

Methods: A consensus process on the treatment using a modified Delphi technique was conducted, with 65 shoulder surgeons from 14 countries across 5 continents participating. Experts were assigned to one of 9 working groups defined by specific subtopics of interest within anterior shoulder instability. Read More

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February 2022

Locked Anterior-Inferior Sternoclavicular Joint Dislocation: A Case Report.

JBJS Case Connect 2021 04 22;11(2). Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Division of Shoulder and Elbow, New York University Langone Health, Grossman School of Medicine, New York, New York.

Case: We report a rare variant of sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) dislocation, namely locked anterior-inferior dislocation, with unique clinical, radiographic, and intraoperative findings. In this variant, the medial clavicle was displaced anteriorly and inferiorly and locked in the manubrial-intercostal space, with corresponding mechanical dysfunction of the ipsilateral shoulder girdle joints. Symptoms unique to this variant included painful neck spasms and limited glenohumeral elevation. Read More

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Surgical treatment of the radial head is crucial for the outcome in terrible triad injuries of the elbow.

Bone Joint J 2020 Dec;102-B(12):1620-1628

Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, BG Unfallklinik Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt, Germany.

Aims: To evaluate the outcomes of terrible triad injuries (TTIs) in mid-term follow-up and determine whether surgical treatment of the radial head influences clinical and radiological outcomes.

Methods: Follow-up assessment of 88 patients with TTI (48 women, 40 men; mean age 57 years (18 to 82)) was performed after a mean of 4.5 years (2. Read More

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December 2020

Missed Bilateral Anterior Shoulder Dislocation With Bilateral Coracoid Fracture and Unilateral Long Head of Biceps Rupture.

Cureus 2020 Oct 17;12(10):e10996. Epub 2020 Oct 17.

Orthopedic Surgery, Faculty of Medical Science, Lebanese University, Beirut, LBN.

Missed or chronic bilateral anterior shoulder dislocation is a rare presentation, usually secondary to epileptic attack. We present herein an exceptional case of this injury pattern, associated with bilateral displaced fracture of the coracoid process, and unilateral rupture of the long head of biceps. Treatment consisted of open reduction through osteotomy of the lesser tuberosity, with additional stabilization of the glenohumeral joint, using the Latarjet procedure by transposition of the coracoid fragment with its attached conjoint tendon to the antero-inferior glenoid rim. Read More

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October 2020

Bilateral Erecta Luxation: A Case Report and Literature Review.

JBJS Case Connect 2020 Jul-Sep;10(3):e1900231

1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Shoulder and Elbow, Federal University of Paraná-UFPR, Curitiba, Brazil.

Case: A 69-year-old man fell from a height, resulting in direct axial loading while both shoulders were fully abducted. He was referred to the surgical ward, and both shoulders were reduced by closed reduction using the traction-countertraction maneuver. After little improvement of complaints of pain in the right shoulder over 45 days, magnetic resonance demonstrated traumatic rupture of the supraspinatus. Read More

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Arthroscopic Treatment of Luxatio Erecta Humeri Associated with Greater Tuberosity Fracture, Bankart Lesion, and Partial Rotator Cuff Tear: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2020 Jun 18;21:e923727. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Orthopaedics, University Hospital, Patras Medical School, Patras, Greece.

BACKGROUND Luxatio erecta humeri (LEH) is a rare injury present in only 0.5% of shoulder dislocations. Much of the relevant literature is focused on the initial management and proper reduction techniques, although the prevalence of associated injuries can reach 80%. Read More

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Bony increased-offset-reverse shoulder arthroplasty: 5 to 10 years' follow-up.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2020 Oct 4;29(10):2111-2122. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

PanAm Clinic, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Background: Glenoid lateralization has been shown to be the most imortant factor in maximizing passive range of motion and shoulder stability while preventing scapular impingement and notching. We aimed to evaluate mid- to long-term functional and radiologic outcomes after bony increased-offset-reverse shoulder arthroplasty (BIO-RSA) using a Grammont-style (medialized) humeral implant.

Methods: The study included 143 consecutive shoulders (140 patients; mean age, 72 years) treated with a BIO-RSA for rotator cuff deficiency. Read More

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October 2020

Editorial Commentary: Coracoclavicular Ligament Reconstruction. Double Up It Is?

Erik Hohmann

Arthroscopy 2020 05;36(5):1271-1272

More than 100 surgical techniques have been described for the reconstruction of the coracoclavicular ligament complex. None of the techniques appears superior, but double-button fixation for acute high-grade acromioclavicular dislocations has become an attractive option. The clinical outcomes are good to excellent, and the return to physical activity and sport is above 90%. Read More

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[Axillary nerve injury associated with shoulder dislocation: case report].

Acta Ortop Mex 2019 May-Jun;33(3):182-184

Universidad de Rosario. Colombia.

Isolated lesion of the axillary (or circumflex) nerve is infrequent, this is usually associated with a brachial plexus injury. In our institution, in a period comprised between the years 2015-2017, a frequency of only 0.4% of this injury has been observed. Read More

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Comparison of a novel hybrid hook locking plate fixation method with the conventional AO hook plate fixation method for Neer type V distal clavicle fractures.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2020 02 9;106(1):67-75. Epub 2019 Dec 9.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea. Electronic address:

Background: The conventional AO hook locking compression plate (LCP) (Synthes, Solothurn, Switzerland) has only three holes for lateral fragments; therefore it is not suitable for use during the fixation of small-comminuted fragments in some cases. Recently, a novel hybrid hook LCP (TDM, Seoul, Korea) was developed to overcome this limitation. Here, we evaluated the clinical and radiologic outcomes of a novel hybrid hook LCP for Neer type V distal clavicle fractures compared to the outcomes of a conventional AO hook plate. Read More

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February 2020

Shoulder Pseudodislocation Associated with Calcific Tendinitis/Bursitis and Diagnosed by Point of Care Ultrasound.

J Emerg Med 2019 Oct 30. Epub 2019 Oct 30.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Department of Pharmacology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Background: Shoulder pseudodislocation, or "drooping shoulder," presents with acute pain and deformity of the joint, with radiographs demonstrating inferior subluxation of the humeral head relative to the glenoid fossa. The diagnosis must be made promptly and distinguished from true glenohumeral dislocation, both to avoid unnecessary attempts at closed reduction and to facilitate investigation of the underlying cause, which may include septic arthritis, hemarthrosis, or other emergent etiologies. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) may be useful in the evaluation of emergency department (ED) patients with suspected pseudodislocation. Read More

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October 2019

The novel arthroscopic subscapular sling procedure grants better stability than an arthroscopic Bankart repair in a cadaveric study.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2020 Jul 17;28(7):2316-2324. Epub 2019 Oct 17.

Orthopaedic Department, Aalesund Hospital, Aalesund, Norway.

Purpose: This novel arthroscopic subscapular sling procedure stabilizes the shoulder using a semitendinosus graft to create a sling around the subscapular tendon, which provides both static and dynamic stability. The aim of the study was to evaluate the biomechanical stability of the subscapular sling procedure in human cadaveric shoulders. The hypothesis was that the sling offers an equal stabilizing effect and range of motion compared to an arthroscopic Bankart repair. Read More

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Arthroscopic Coracoacromial Ligament Transfer Augmented With Suspensory V-Shaped Fixation System for Chronic Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocation.

Arthrosc Tech 2019 Jul 11;8(7):e697-e703. Epub 2019 Jun 11.

Shoulder Arthroscopy and Sports Medicine Unit, Orthopedics Department, Zagazig University Hospitals, Zagazig, Egypt.

Chronic acromioclavicular joint dislocations (ACJDs) develop when there is failure of conservative treatment, failed surgical treatment of acute ACJD, or simply missing the treatment in the acute healing phase. There is wide agreement that mechanical fixation alone in chronic ACJD is not sufficient and biological augmentation is necessary. Various arthroscopic techniques for reconstruction of the coracoclavicular ligament have been described, but allografts are expensive, are not available in all centers, carry the risk of disease transmission, and are "dead tissue" with a poor capacity for healing. Read More

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Open anterior glenohumeral dislocation with associated supraspinatus avulsion: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2019 Apr;7(7):849-854

Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Victor Babes", Timis, Timișoara 300736, Romania.

Background: Open dislocation of the glenohumeral joint is a very rare complication with only six cases described in the literature. Most cases resulted in severe complications like avascular necrosis of the humeral head or septic arthritis with poor functional results. The "mandatory" treatment of choice is surgery, with accurate debridement and reconstruction of the damaged soft tissues. Read More

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Open Reduction and Tunneled Suspensory Device Fixation Compared with Nonoperative Treatment for Type-III and Type-IV Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocations: The ACORN Prospective, Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2018 Nov;100(22):1912-1918

The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Background: Nonoperative management of complete acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation has yielded reasonable results, although patients may report dissatisfaction with the outcome. The purpose of this prospective, randomized, controlled trial was to compare patient outcome following nonoperative care versus operative treatment with open reduction and tunneled suspension device (ORTSD) fixation for acute, type-III or IV disruptions of the AC joint.

Methods: Sixty patients aged 16 to 35 years with an acute type-III or IV disruption of the AC joint were randomized to receive ORTSD fixation or nonoperative treatment, following a power analysis to determine sample size. Read More

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November 2018

Luxatio erecta humeri with humeral greater tuberosity fracture and axillary nerve injury.

Am J Emerg Med 2018 10 27;36(10):1926.e3-1926.e5. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Department of Orthopedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China. Electronic address:

Luxatio erecta humeri is the rarest type of glenohumeral dislocation, which has been reported to be associated with humeral fracture, rotator cuff tear and neurovascular injury. To our knowledge, a single-sided acute inferior glenohumeral dislocation associated with humeral greater tuberosity fracture and axillary nerve injury has not yet been reported. Here, we reported a traumatic first-time inferior shoulder dislocation from a construction worker who got hyperflexion of the left shoulder when fell and grasped the railing causing. Read More

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October 2018

Sequelae of bilateral luxatio erecta in the acute post-reduction period demonstrated by MRI: a case report and literature review.

Skeletal Radiol 2019 Mar 27;48(3):467-473. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

Department of Diagnostic Imaging, National University Hospital, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore, 119074, Singapore.

Luxatio erecta humeri (LEH), also known as inferior shoulder dislocation, is uncommon, comprising about 0.5% of all cases of shoulder dislocation. Synchronous bilateral LEH is exceedingly rare and, to our knowledge, there are no descriptions of axillary nerve injury on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) following LEH. Read More

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Acute locked superior shoulder dislocation in a patient with cuff tear arthropathy.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jun 20;2018. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Center for Musculoskeletal Surgery, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Berlin, Germany.

In the field of traumatic shoulder dislocations, this report of a 61-year-old female patient discusses the case of an acute locked superior shoulder dislocation in conjunction with a chronic rotator cuff arthropathy resulting from a low-energy fall on the outstretched and abducted arm. Radiological assessment revealed a complex combination of associated bony injuries including a fracture of the upper part of the glenoid and an impaction fracture of the inferior articular surface of the humeral head. Closed reduction and immobilisation were not successful in obtaining joint stability. Read More

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Superior Baseplate Inclination Is Associated With Instability After Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2018 08;476(8):1622-1629

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Background: Instability is the most common complication after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA). In the native glenohumeral joint, in addition to full dislocations, more subtle forms of instability exist. However, the incidence of more subtle forms of instability, the factors associated with instability, and the effect of instability on validated outcome scores after rTSA remain poorly understood. Read More

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Traumatic inferior shoulder dislocation: a review of management and outcome.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2018 Feb 3;44(1):45-51. Epub 2017 Oct 3.

Department of Orthopaedics, La Trobe Regional Hospital, Traralgon, VIC, 3844, Australia.

Introduction: Traumatic inferior shoulder dislocation (ISD) is rare, estimated to occur in 0.5% of all shoulder dislocations. We describe the demographics, natural history and outcome of this injury. Read More

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February 2018

A comparison between two double-button endoscopically assisted surgical techniques for the treatment acute acromioclavicular dislocations.

Musculoskelet Surg 2018 Apr 31;102(1):73-79. Epub 2017 Aug 31.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris, Bichat - Claude Bernard Hospital, Paris Diderot University, 46 Rue Henri Huchard, 75018, Paris, France.

Purpose: To compare clinical and radiological outcomes between two endoscopically assisted double-button techniques in high-grade acute acromioclavicular separations.

Methods: A retrospective single-center study was conducted in patients with acute acromioclavicular joint dislocation Rockwood types III and V, from 2009 to 2014. All were treated endoscopically, with a 1-year minimum follow-up. Read More

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Bilateral irreducible inferior shoulder dislocation: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2017 17;31:124-127. Epub 2017 Jan 17.

The Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma, National Hospital (Riyadh Care), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; The Department of Surgery, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Bilateral inferior shoulder dislocation is rare; but the dislocation is almost always reducible by closed means. We present a unique case of irreducible bilateral inferior shoulder dislocation.

Presentation Of Case: A 35-year old male fell down from height. Read More

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January 2017

An Unusual Traumatic Presentation: Luxatio Erecta Humeri and Concomitant Hip Dislocation.

Case Rep Orthop 2016 19;2016:6910945. Epub 2016 Dec 19.

Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Inferior dislocation of the glenohumeral joint, known as luxatio erecta humeri, and posterior hip dislocation are both rare presentations in the emergency department. The most common aetiology is falling for luxatio erecta humeri. The aim of this manuscript was to present a unique case in terms of luxatio erecta humeri, which has a different aetiology, treatment method, and concomitant injury. Read More

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December 2016

[Luxatio erecta: two case reports and review of the literature].

Duodecim 2016 ;132(13-14):1287-92

Luxatio erecta, inferior dislocation of the glenohumeral joint, is a rare type of injury (1% of shoulder dislocations). In most cases the injury is caused by falling while the upper extremity is hyperabducted. We introduce two cases of consecutive patients with the same rare type of injury--walking the dog. Read More

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September 2016