526 results match your criteria Joint Reduction Mandibular Dislocation


Association between temporomandibular joint disc position evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging and mandibular condyle inclination evaluated by computed tomography.

J Oral Rehabil 2020 Jun 24;47(6):743-749. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Rome Sapienza, Rome, Italy.

Temporomandibular joint disc displacement is common in the world's population and could be associated with bone and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint. The aim of these study was to analyse the association between temporomandibular joint disc position evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the inclination of the mandibular condyle evaluated by computed tomography (CT). One hundred and seventy temporomandibular joints (TMJ) were retrospectively analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12962DOI Listing

Clinical outcomes of patients with bilateral anterior disc displacement without reduction and erosive change of the temporomandibular joint after performance of unilateral arthrocentesis and stabilisation splint therapy.

J Oral Rehabil 2020 Mar 20;47(3):307-312. Epub 2019 Oct 20.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Bucheon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

The efficacy of a combination treatment of arthrocentesis and stabilisation splint for patients with bilateral anterior disc displacement without reduction (ADDWoR) and erosive change of the TMJ remains controversial. To evaluate clinical outcomes of patients with ADDWoR and erosive change of the TMJ after performance of unilateral arthrocentesis and stabilisation splint therapy. A retrospective study of 44 patients (37 females, 7 males, mean age of 34 years) with bilateral ADDWoR and erosive change of the TMJ were included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12897DOI Listing

Efficiency of arthrocentesis treatment for different temporomandibular joint disorders.

Authors:
M E Polat S Yanik

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020 May 17;49(5):621-627. Epub 2019 Sep 17.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Harran University, Sanlıurfa, Turkey.

This study was performed to determine whether arthrocentesis therapy has different outcomes in three groups of patients with different temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). A clinical trial was conducted including 45 patients with 45 unilaterally affected joints divided into three groups (n=15): osteoarthritis (OA), disc displacement with reduction (DDWR), and disc displacement without reduction (DDWoR). All patients underwent the same arthrocentesis treatment protocol. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2019.08.017DOI Listing
May 2020
1 Read

Use of a Heister mouth gag as an aid to reduction in open treatment of condylar fracture.

Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019 Dec 26;23(4):499-500. Epub 2019 Aug 26.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Rungta College of Dental Sciences and Research, Kohka-Kurud Road, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, 490024, India.

Introduction: The management of condylar fractures remains controversial. Open treatment of condylar fractures is a routine treatment in cases of displaced or dislocated condylar and subcondylar fractures.

Technical Note: Because of the pull of the lateral pterygoid muscle, the condylar fragment is usually located anterior and medial to the mandible. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10006-019-00798-7DOI Listing
December 2019
5 Reads

Clinical Trial of Manual Reduction of Temporomandibular Joint Dislocation After Inhalation of Nitrous Oxide.

J Craniofac Surg 2019 Nov-Dec;30(8):2549-2550

The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST) & Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Ministry of Education, School & Hospital of Stomatology.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of inhaled nitrous oxide (N2O) for manual reduction of acute nontraumatic temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation in the supine position technique.

Methods: This clinical trial included a total of 51 patients presenting with acute nontraumatic TMJ dislocation. The patients were grouped randomly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005816DOI Listing
January 2020
5 Reads

[Characteristics of MRI and associated pathological features of the condylar cyst like lesions in temporomandibular joint].

Authors:
S Li J Lei K Y Fu

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Aug;54(8):527-531

Center for TMD and Orofacial Pain, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology & Beijing Key Laboratory of Digital Stomatology, Beijing 100081, China (is now working on the Department of Stomatology, Beijng Hospital, Beijing 100730, China).

To analyze the MRI characteristics and pathological features of the condylar cyst like lesions in temporomandibular joint (TMJ). The study was conducted retrospectively on TMJ images from 14 patients (2 males, 12 females, aged 10-71) who underwent MRI examinations, from January 2015 to December 2017 at Center for TMD and Orofacial Pain, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology including 2 patients with pathological results. The signals of the lesion, condylar bone and disc-condyle relationship were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1002-0098.2019.08.005DOI Listing
August 2019
1 Read

[MRI observation of condylar location and morphology in the patients with temporomandibular disc displacement].

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Aug;54(8):522-526

Department of Radiology, Hainan Hospital of General Hospital of Chinese PLA, Sanya 572013, China.

To evaluate the mandibular condylar location and morphology in the temporomandibular joint disorders. One hundred thirty-seven TMD patients (age 37.5±16. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1002-0098.2019.08.004DOI Listing
August 2019
1 Read

Clinical protocol for managing acute disc displacement without reduction: a magnetic resonance imaging evaluation.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020 Mar 26;49(3):361-368. Epub 2019 Jul 26.

Centre for TMD and Orofacial Pain, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, China; Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, China; National Clinical Research Centre for Oral Diseases, Beijing, China; National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology, Beijing, China; Beijing Key Laboratory of Digital Stomatology, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

This study investigated the efficacy of a sequential combination of arthrocentesis, mandibular manipulation, and anterior repositioning splint (ARS) in the management of acute temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc displacement without reduction (DDwoR). Twenty-one consecutive patients diagnosed with acute DDwoR by Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were recruited and managed with this method. Clinical and MRI data were obtained before and at 1 week after treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2019.07.005DOI Listing

Intracranial Approach for Retrieval of the Condylar Head After Avulsion into the Middle Cranial Fossa.

World Neurosurg 2019 Oct 9;130:259-263. Epub 2019 Jul 9.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, USA.

Background: Dislocation of the mandibular condyle into the middle cranial fossa is a rare injury that can be seen after facial trauma. Early identification of condyle dislocation into the middle cranial fossa was difficult until the development of computed tomography, and diagnosis was often significantly delayed after the initial trauma.

Case Description: We present a rare case of a young woman who presents after a mechanical fall resulting in facial trauma with an avulsion condyle fracture with dislocation of the mandibular condyle into the middle cranial fossa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.07.008DOI Listing
October 2019
1 Read

Relationship between temporomandibular joint pain and magnetic resonance imaging findings in patients with temporomandibular joint disorders.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020 Feb 6;49(2):230-236. Epub 2019 Jul 6.

Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Department of Oral Medicine and Surgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Dentistry, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate abnormal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings related to temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain. This study included 245 joints of 152 patients with temporomandibular disorders with anterior disc displacement; of these, 129 joints had joint pain whereas 116 joints had no joint pain. MRI was used to evaluate the reduction of anterior disc displacement, joint effusion, mandible condylar morphology, bone marrow oedema of the mandibular condyle, and signal intensity of the posterior disc attachment (PDA) on fat-suppressed T2-weighted images. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2019.06.028DOI Listing
February 2020

Malocclusion and Temporomandibular Disorders: Verification of the Controversy.

J Oral Facial Pain Headache 2019 24;33(4):440–450. Epub 2019 Jun 24.

Aims: To investigate the dental and skeletal aspects of malocclusion in the anteroposterior and vertical dimensions in a sample of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) patients and to correlate these aspects with the signs and symptoms of TMD.

Methods: A total of 150 TMD patients were divided into five groups according to the Diagnostic Criteria for TMD: Group 1 = myalgia (M); Group 2 = disc displacement with reduction (DDWR); Group 3 = disc displacement without reduction (DDWOR); Group 4 = degenerative disorders (D); and Group 5 = subluxation (S). Molar and canine relations, overjet, overbite, occlusal guidance, occlusal interferences, and centric slides were recorded for each patient, and the skeletal craniofacial patterns were analyzed for each patient using cone beam computed tomography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11607/ofph.2260DOI Listing
November 2019
3 Reads

[The study of combined unilateral intraoral and extraoral reduction approach in the treatment of anterior temporo-mandibular joint dislocation].

Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Jun;37(3):295-298

Dept. of Stomatology, Liuzhou General Hospital, Liuzhou 545006, China.

Objective: To observe the clinical outcomes of a combined unilateral intraoral and extraoral reduction approach in the treatment of anterior temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation.

Methods: Postural muscular chains were utilized in the biomechanical analysis of stomatognathic systems for improving TMJ repositioning approaches. A total of 87 patients with anterior TMJ dislocation were included in the present study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7518/hxkq.2019.03.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7030094PMC
June 2019
22 Reads

Long-Term Follow-Up following Condylotomy in a Case of Traumatic Unilateral Anterosuperior Mandibular Condyle Dislocation.

Case Rep Dent 2019 14;2019:6810461. Epub 2019 May 14.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, The National University of Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, 50300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Anterosuperior temporomandibular joint dislocation is rare. Manual reduction of such dislocation is difficult especially when treatment is delayed. Therefore, it has an increased likelihood of needing surgical intervention to achieve reduction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6810461DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6536950PMC
May 2019
6 Reads

Assessment of Occlusal Appliance for the Reposition of Temporomandibular Joint Anterior Disc Displacement With Reduction.

J Craniofac Surg 2019 Jun;30(4):1140-1143

Department of Oral Surgery, Ninth People's Hospital, College of Stomatology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology & Shanghai Research Institute of Stomatology, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

The aim of our study was to evaluate the success rates and prognoses of patients treated with occlusal appliances used to reposition the temporomandibular joint anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADDWR). A sample of 144 consecutive patients (210 joints) diagnosed with ADDWR based on MRI were included in our study. Disc recapture was confirmed in a mandible-anterior position to eliminate joint clicking based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005210DOI Listing
June 2019
3 Reads

Endoscopic single stage trans-oral decompression and anterior C1 lateral mass and C2 pedicle stabilization for atlanto-axial dislocation.

Neurol India 2019 Mar-Apr;67(2):510-515

Department of Radiology, MP MRI Centre, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Although most of the cases of atlanto-axial dislocation (AAD) and basilar invasion can be managed by posterior approaches in the recent times, anterior decompression with stabilization is required in selected patients who persist with irreducible AAD even after manipulation of the C1-C2 facet joint under general anesthesia. A single stage endoscopic trans-oral decompression and stabilization can be used in such patients. It has not been described so far to the best of authors' knowledge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0028-3886.257989DOI Listing
July 2019
10 Reads

Outcomes of anterior disc displacement and condylar remodelling for sagittal fracture of the mandibular condyle in children after closed treatment.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020 Jan 8;49(1):82-89. Epub 2019 May 8.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Haidian District, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) anterior disc displacement and condylar remodelling for sagittal fracture of the mandibular condyle (SFMC) in children. Disc displacement was observed in 20 patients with 24 SFMCs (age 4-12 years) via magnetic resonance imaging. After 6 months of closed treatment (T1), the joints were categorized based on the displaced disc status as complete reduction (DCR) or incomplete reduction (DICR). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09015027193102
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2019.03.901DOI Listing
January 2020
6 Reads

Condylar repair and regeneration in adolescents/young adults with early-stage degenerative temporomandibular joint disease: A randomised controlled study.

J Oral Rehabil 2019 Aug 7;46(8):704-714. Epub 2019 May 7.

Center for TMD & Orofacial Pain, Peking University School & Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, China.

Background: Anterior repositioning splint (ARS) can facilitate regenerative condylar remodelling.

Objective: To determine the effect of ARS on osseous condylar changes in adolescents/young adults with early-stage degenerative joint disease (DJD).

Methods: Sixty-nine patients with early-stage temporomandibular joint (TMJ) DJD based on the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging were recruited and randomly allocated to two treatment groups: (a) conservative therapy with ARS and (b) conservative therapy without ARS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12805DOI Listing
August 2019
4 Reads

Surgical strategy for long-standing dislocation of the temporomandibular joint: experience with 16 medically compromised patients.

Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019 05 10;57(4):359-364. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Kei Oral Surgery Clinic, Ishikawa, Japan.

We evaluated the surgical outcomes in 16 patients with long-standing dislocation of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ): eight men and eight women, mean (range) age 72 (21-94) years. They all had multiple underlying diseases, either dementia or a mental disorder, and the joint had been dislocated for four weeks or longer. Manual reduction had been ineffective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjoms.2018.12.020DOI Listing
May 2019
7 Reads

Articular soft tissue injuries associated with mandibular condyle fractures and the effects on oral function.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019 Jun 14;48(6):746-758. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Special Dental Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht University, The Netherlands.

The majority of studies debating the optimization of treatment for condylar mandibular fractures focus on the bony aspect first. However, fractures of the mandibular condyle may go together with soft tissue injury of the temporomandibular joint. An electronic literature search for this topic was undertaken. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2019.01.025DOI Listing
June 2019
1 Read

Traumatic dislocation of the mandibular condyle into the middle cranial fossa treated by an intraoral approach.

J Formos Med Assoc 2019 Jul 7;118(7):1161-1165. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Dentistry, China Medical University Hospital, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Dislocation of the mandibular condyle is one of several consequences of facial trauma that can be anticipated. The condylar neck is inherently weak and likely to fracture at the time of impact before dislocating into the middle cranial fossa. A review of the literature revealed that most cases of dislocation of the mandibular condyle into the middle cranial fossa are treated by open reduction and internal fixation via an extraoral approach or are treated conservatively with closed reduction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfma.2018.12.025DOI Listing
July 2019
4 Reads

Grisel's Syndrome: Non-traumatic Atlantoaxial Rotatory Subluxation-Report of Five Cases and Review of the Literature.

Acta Neurochir Suppl 2019;125:279-288

, New York, USA.

Background: In children, when unresponsive neck rigidity and distress are observed after ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgical treatment or nasopharyngeal inflammation, Grisel's syndrome should be suspected. This is a rare syndrome involving non-traumatic rotatory subluxation of the atlantoaxial joint. Conservative management with external cervical orthoses and empirical antibiotic, muscle relaxant and analgesic therapy should be the first choice of treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-62515-7_40DOI Listing
August 2019
15 Reads

Traumatic Anterosuperior Dislocation of the Intact Mandibular Condyle into the Temporal Fossa.

Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr 2018 Dec 27;11(4):296-301. Epub 2017 Oct 27.

Odontology School of Pontificial Catholic University of Minas Gerais (PUC - MG), Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation, or luxation, occurs when the condyle crosses the articular eminence in such a way that it does not return to its correct anatomical position, unless aided by a reduction in external forces for TMJ. The diagnosis of condylar luxation is clinical; however, image exams are important in classifying the types of condylar luxation and associated fractures. Displacement of the TMJ can occur due to either an exaggerated mouth opening or a forced opening and occasionally is associated with a high-impact trauma to the jaw, the latter being an extremely rare condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0037-1607067DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6224288PMC
December 2018
10 Reads

The Effect Evaluation of Functional Appliance Used for Class II Patients With Temporomandibular Joint Anterior Disc Displacement.

J Craniofac Surg 2019 Jan;30(1):e15-e17

Department of Oral Surgery, Ninth People's Hospital, College of Stomatology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology & Shanghai Research Institute of Stomatology, Shanghai, China.

Orthopedic functional appliances are usually used to correct patients with retrognathic mandible. However, a part of cases have a trend of relapse after splint treatment. The aim of this study was to explore the role of temporomandibular joint disc position in functional appliance treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004903DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

[A long-term clinical evaluation of comprehensive physiotherapy for patients with chronic anterior disc displacement of the temporomandibular joint without reduction].

Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue 2018 Jun;27(3):289-292

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine,Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine. Shanghai 200011, China.

Purpose: To observe the long-term clinical efficacy of comprehensive physiotherapy for patients with chronic anterior disc displacement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) without reduction (ADDWoR).

Methods: A total of 256 patients with chronic ADDwoR (the course of disease was 8.4±9. Read More

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June 2018
46 Reads

Updated Review of Traumatic Dislocation of the Mandibular Condyle Into the Middle Cranial Fossa.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019 01 20;77(1):132.e1-132.e16. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Associate Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Universidade de Pernambuco, and Staff of Service of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital da Restauração, Recife, Brazil.

Purpose: Traumatic dislocation of the mandibular condyle into the middle cranial fossa (DMCCF) is a rare event after maxillofacial trauma. Treatment may be performed with closed or open reduction (with or without craniotomy), and arthroplasty procedures might be necessary for long-standing cases. The aims of this study were to perform an integrative review of traumatic DMCCF cases reported in an electronic database and to report a case in which cerebrospinal fluid leakage occurred after open treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2018.09.011DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Evaluation of effusion and articular disc positioning after two different arthrocentesis techniques in patients with temporomandibular joint disc displacement without reduction.

Cranio 2018 Aug 30:1-8. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

d Department of Dentistry, Craniofacial Pain Applied to Dentistry, Dentistry Faculty , Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul , Porto Alegre , RS , Brazil.

Objective: To evaluate joint effusion and positioning of the articular disc through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before and after two different arthrocentesis techniques.

Methods: Twenty-six patients with dislocation of the articular disc without reduction (ADDwoR) were included and randomly divided into two groups: single needle arthrocentesis with distention of the upper compartment of the TMJ (A1) and conventional arthrocentesis with 2 needles (A2).

Results: A statistically significant difference was observed between the different effusion categories (p = 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08869634.2018.1511266DOI Listing
August 2018
11 Reads

Oral and maxillofacial: A quick scale and fracture.

Br Dent J 2018 06;224(12):918

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.bdj.2018.490DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

The Hippocratic Method for the Reduction of the Mandibular Dislocation, an Ancient Greek Procedure Still in Use in Maxillofacial Surgery.

Acta Med Acad 2018 May;47(1):139-143

Department of Anatomy, Medical School Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece.

Mandibular dislocation remains an acute medical condition in maxillofacial surgery. Since the Hippocratic era its reduction has been performed exactly in the same way it is now performed in modern surgery. We report an example of an elderly female patient with bilateral mandibular dislocation, who came to our department and was treated under sedation using the Hippocratic bimanual intraoral technique by two medical personnel, depicting the timeless usage of the method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5644/ama2006-124.224DOI Listing
May 2018
20 Reads

Histological findings in TMJ treated with high condilectomy for internal derangement.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2018 Aug 5;46(8):1185-1191. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Department of Medical-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Faculty of Pharmacy and Medicine, University of Rome "Sapienza", Italy.

Intra-Articular Temporo-Mandibular Disorders (TMD) are characterized by displacement of the disc that causes the condyles to slip back over the disc thus resulting in TMJ discal damage and erosion of the condyle's bone. The etiology of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is multidimensional: biomechanical, neuromuscular, bio-psychosocial and biological factors may contribute to the disorder. The study involved 46 joints in 27 patients with a diagnosis of Intra-Articular Temporo-Mandibular Disorders (TMD) according to Axis I of Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD) for Clinical and Research Applications and underwent surgery between 2011 and 2014. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10105182183022
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcms.2018.05.016DOI Listing
August 2018
7 Reads

Assessment of temporomandibular joint dysfunction in condylar fracture of the mandible using the Helkimo index.

Indian J Plast Surg 2017 May-Aug;50(2):207-212

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India.

Introduction: Condylar fractures of the mandible are functionally important fractures as the condyle of the mandible being a part of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and can lead to TMJ dysfunction if not properly treated.

Materials And Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of a total of 33 treated patients with fracture of the mandibular condyle who underwent examination as per the Helkimo index. Their dysfunction was quantified and clinicoepidemiological characteristics were assessed. Read More

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http://www.ijps.org/text.asp?2017/50/2/207/221830
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijps.IJPS_125_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5770936PMC
January 2018
23 Reads

[Application of temporomandibular joint dics reduction in the operation of condylar sagittal fracture].

Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2017 Oct;35(5):502-505

Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Affiliated Stomatological Hospital of Nanchang Universty, The Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Jiangxi Province, Nanchang 330006, China.

Objective: To explore the selection of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc reduction and fixation methods in condylar sagittal fracture surgery.

Methods: A total of 36 patients with condylar fractures were chosen. The follow-up period was more 6 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7518/hxkq.2017.05.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7030382PMC
October 2017
6 Reads

Treatment of Posterior Dislocation of the Mandibular Condyle With the Double Mitek Mini Anchor Technique: A Case Report.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 02 10;76(2):396.e1-396.e9. Epub 2017 Oct 10.

Clinical Professor, Departments of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Orthodontics Texas A&M University College of Dentistry, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, TX.

Posterior dislocation of the mandibular condyle is a rare disorder caused by trauma to the chin accompanied by damage to the external auditory canal. Treatment of posterior condylar dislocation (PCD) is directed at repositioning the condyle into the glenoid fossa, preventing recurrent dislocations, and maintaining patency of the ear canal. With early intervention, closed reduction with manual manipulation is successful but could be ineffective for chronic protracted PCD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2017.09.017DOI Listing
February 2018
10 Reads

Metrical analysis of disc-condyle relation with different splint treatment positions in patients with TMJ disc displacement.

J Appl Oral Sci 2017 Sep-Oct;25(5):483-489

Peking University School & Hospital of Stomatology, Center for TMD & Orofacial Pain and Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Radiology, Beijing, China.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of bite positions characterizing different splint treatments (anterior repositioning and stabilization splints) on the disc-condyle relation in patients with TMJ disc displacement with reduction (DDwR), using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Material And Methods: 37 patients, with a mean age of 18.8±4. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-7757-2016-0471DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5804384PMC
November 2017
34 Reads

Correlation between direction and severity of temporomandibular joint disc displacement and reduction ability during mouth opening.

J Oral Rehabil 2017 Dec 6;44(12):957-963. Epub 2017 Oct 6.

Independent Unit of Propedeutics of Dental and Maxillofacial Radiology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.

The most common temporomandibular joint (TMJ) internal derangement is an abnormal relationship of the disc with respect to the mandibular condyle, articular eminence and glenoid fossa-disc displacement. The aim of our study was to analyse the correlation between partial/complete disc displacement in the intercuspal position (IP) and its reduction in the open-mouth position (OMP) in both oblique sagittal and coronal planes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with temporomandibular disorders. Multisection MRI analysis of 382 TMJs was conducted in 191 patients with disc displacement according to the RDC/TMD criteria (148 women, 43 men; aged 14-60 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12576DOI Listing
December 2017
40 Reads

Physiological effects of anterior repositioning splint on temporomandibular joint disc displacement: a quantitative analysis.

J Oral Rehabil 2017 Sep 2;44(9):664-672. Epub 2017 Jul 2.

Center for TMD & Orofacial Pain, Peking University School & Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, China.

Anterior repositioning splints (ARS) are used primarily for the management of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADDwR). However, the exact physiological effects of ARS are still unclear. This study investigated the short and long-term effects of ARS on disc and condyle angles/positions by metric analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12532DOI Listing
September 2017
34 Reads

An Atypical Variant of Superolateral Dislocation of the Mandibular Condyle: A Case Report.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 Oct 15;75(10):2183.e1-2183.e6. Epub 2017 May 15.

Postgraduate Trainee, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Regional Dental College, Guwahati, Assam, India.

Dislocation of the mandibular condyle from the glenoid fossa can occur in anterior, posterior, lateral, and superior directions. Posterior, lateral, and superior dislocations are rare. Superolateral dislocation is seldom encountered in clinical practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2017.05.005DOI Listing
October 2017
12 Reads

Intraoperative arthroscopy of the TMJ during surgical management of condylar head fractures: A preliminary report.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2018 Dec 6;46(12):1989-1995. Epub 2017 Jun 6.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, (Head and Chair: Univ. Prof. A. Neff), UKGM GmbH, University Hospital of Marburg, Faculty of Medicine, Philipps University, Marburg, Germany.

Purpose: The purpose of this preliminary study was to evaluate intraarticular soft tissues of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) using intraoperative arthroscopy during open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of condylar head fractures (CHF).

Materials And Methods: 26 patients (29 joints) were diagnosed in period of 5 years (2011-2015) with CHF, 5 patients had concomitant mandibular fracture. Fractures were diagnosed on basis of conventional orthopantomogram (OPG) and computed tomography (CT). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10105182173019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcms.2017.05.032DOI Listing
December 2018
34 Reads

Open Reduction With K-Wire Stabilization of Fracture Dislocations of the Mandibular Condyle: A Retrospective Review.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 Jun 6;75(6):1238.e1-1238.e7. Epub 2017 Feb 6.

Dental Student (Class of 2019), Medical University of South Carolina School of Dentistry, Charleston, SC.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of direct transcortical stabilization of fracture dislocations of the mandibular condyle (FDMCs) using narrow-diameter non-threaded Kirschner wire (K-wire).

Materials And Methods: This retrospective review reports on the treatment outcomes for 12 patients (15 fractures) with FDMCs treated with open reduction using transcortical 0.027-inch K-wire stabilization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2017.01.038DOI Listing
June 2017
47 Reads

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Evaluation for Anterior Disc Displacement of the Temporomandibular Joint.

Med Sci Monit 2017 Feb 8;23:712-718. Epub 2017 Feb 8.

Department of Stomatology, Jinan Central Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the criterion standard imaging technique for visualization of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) region, and is currently considered the optimum modality for comprehensive evaluation in patients with temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD). This study was aimed at finding the value of MRI in pre-clinical diagnosis of TMJ disc displacement. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients primarily diagnosed as having anterior disc displacement by clinical symptoms and X-ray were selected in the present study. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5312235PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/msm.899230DOI Listing
February 2017
21 Reads

[Mandibular manipulation technique followed by exercise therapy and occlusal splint for treatment of acute anterior TMJ disk displacement without reduction].

Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue 2016 Oct;25(5):570-573

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine. Shanghai 200011, China E-mail:

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the short-term efficiency of mandibular manipulation technique combined with exercise therapy and splint treatment of acute anterior TMJ disc displacement without reduction (ADDW), and TMJ disc-condyle relationship by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Methods: Forty-four patients (37 females, 7 males) were diagnosed as acute ADDW and confirmed by MRI. All patients underwent mandibular manipulation, combined with exercise therapy, including jaw movement exercise, stabilization exercise, disc reposition exercise, and splint treatment. Read More

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October 2016
25 Reads

Dautrey's Procedure Revisited in Management of Recurrent Mandibular Dislocation.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2017 01 1;18(1):78-79. Epub 2017 Jan 1.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal University, Mangaluru, Karnataka India, e-mail:

Introduction: Mandibular dislocation occurs when the condylar head glides out of the glenoid fossa with the condyle positioned in such a way that its posterior articulating surface lying ahead of the articular eminence. Recurrent mandibular dislocation is relatively uncommon. Patient is extremely distressed and goes through a lot of discomfort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1994DOI Listing
January 2017
86 Reads

The Supine Position Technique Method Is Better Than the Conventional Method for Manual Reduction of Acute Nontraumatic Temporomandibular Joint Dislocation.

J Craniofac Surg 2016 Jun;27(4):919-22

*The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST) and Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Ministry of Education †Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Trauma and Plastic Aesthetic Surgery, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Objective: To comparatively assess the effectiveness of the supine position technique versus the conventional method, for the manual reduction of acute nontraumatic temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation.

Methods: This randomized single blind trial included a total of 40 patients, aged 18 to 80 years presenting with acute nontraumatic TMJ dislocation. Based on the randomization procedure, patients were treated with either conventional method or the supine position technique method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000002645DOI Listing
June 2016
39 Reads

Superolateral dislocation of an intact mandibular condyle into the temporal fossa: case report and literature review.

Dent Traumatol 2017 Feb 20;33(1):64-70. Epub 2016 May 20.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Government College of Dentistry, Indore, MP, India.

Temporomandibular joint dislocation refers to the dislodgement of mandibular condyle from the glenoid fossa. Anterior and anteromedial dislocations of the mandibular condyle are frequently reported in the literature, but superolateral dislocation is a rare presentation. This report outlines a case of superolateral dislocation of an intact mandibular condyle that occurred in conjunction with an ipsilateral mandibular parasymphysis fracture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/edt.12282DOI Listing
February 2017
16 Reads

Correlation of gender and age with magnetic resonance imaging findings in patients with arthrogenic temporomandibular disorders: a cross-sectional study.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2016 Oct 17;45(10):1222-8. Epub 2016 May 17.

Department of Dentistry, State University of Maringá, Maringá, Paraná, Brazil.

The objective of this study was to analyse the correlation between the gender and age of individuals with arthrogenic temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. A total of 199 patients were included in the study and were divided into four age groups: group A, ≤30 years; group B, 31-44 years; group C, 45-55 years; group D, ≥56 years. MRI scans were analysed for the presence or absence of the following conditions: morphological changes in the mandibular condyle and/or articular tubercle, disc displacement with (DDWR) and without reduction (DDWoR), bone oedema, effusion, and avascular necrosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2016.04.016DOI Listing
October 2016
17 Reads

Update on mandibular condylar fracture management.

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2016 Aug;24(4):273-8

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Fractures of the mandibular condyle have provided a lasting source of controversy in the field of facial trauma. Concerns regarding facial nerve injury as well as reasonable functional outcomes with closed management led to a reluctance to treat with an open operative intervention. This article reviews how incorporating new technologies and surgical methods have changed the treatment paradigm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MOO.0000000000000272DOI Listing
August 2016
6 Reads

Which Factors Are Associated with Open Reduction of Adult Mandibular Condylar Injuries?

Plast Reconstr Surg 2016 Jun;137(6):1813-21

Baltimore, Md.; and New York, N.Y. From the Division of Plastic, Maxillofacial, and Reconstructive Surgery and the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine; the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital; and the Department of Plastic Surgery, New York University Langone Medical Center.

Background: The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with the decision to perform open reduction and internal fixation of mandibular condylar fractures.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients with mandibular condylar fractures managed by the plastic and reconstructive surgery, oral and maxillofacial surgery, and otorhinolaryngology services over a 15-year period. Bivariate associations and a multiple logistic regression model were computed for injury characteristics that were associated with open reduction and internal fixation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000002152DOI Listing
June 2016
40 Reads

Pain relief can be painful.

Indian J Palliat Care 2015 Sep-Dec;21(3):355-7

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, All Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Mandibular nerve block is periodically used procedure used to treat neuralgic pain in the distribution of trigeminal nerve. It is a commonly performed block in outpatient settings at our institute. We present a case of an elderly edentulous patient with trigeminal neuralgia who suffered recurrent temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation following mandibular nerve block. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0973-1075.164913DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4617045PMC
November 2015
12 Reads

Manual reduction of articular disc after traumatic extraction of mandibular third molar: a case report.

Dental Press J Orthod 2015 Oct;20(5):101-7

Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Introduction: Disc displacement without reduction with limited opening is an intracapsular biomechanical disorder involving the condyle-disc complex. With the mouth closed, the disc is in an anterior position in relation to the condylar head and does not reduce with mouth opening. This disorder is associated with persistent limited mandibular opening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2177-6709.20.5.101-107.oarDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4644926PMC
October 2015
42 Reads

Treatment Algorithm for Intracranial Intrusion Injuries of the Mandibular Condyle.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2016 Mar 26;74(3):569-81. Epub 2015 Oct 26.

Associate Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Boston University, School of Dental Medicine and Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA.

Purpose: Traumatic injuries of the mandible resulting in intrusion of the condyle into the middle cranial fossa are rare and treatment is often based on anecdotal experience. The objective of this study was to develop an algorithm for the management of condylar intrusion injuries by identifying factors that influenced the treatment decision of closed versus open reduction of the condyle.

Materials And Methods: This study was a systematic review of the literature on intracranial intrusion injuries of the mandibular condyle. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782391150130
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2015.09.033DOI Listing
March 2016
12 Reads

Intracranial Dislocation of the Mandibular Condyle: A Case Report and Literature Review.

World Neurosurg 2016 Feb 11;86:514.e1-11. Epub 2015 Sep 11.

Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Intracranial dislocation of the mandibular condyle is an infrequent injury that can follow traumatic upward force at the chin. A limited number of cases have been reported, and an individualized approach for patients is often recommended. Nevertheless, several consistent strategies for reduction have emerged. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2015.09.007DOI Listing
February 2016
10 Reads