75,959 results match your criteria Job Syndrome


Daily energy expenditure of males following alternative reproductive tactics: Solitary roamers spend more energy than group-living males.

Physiol Behav 2018 Dec 3;199:359-365. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

School of Animal, Plant & Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, WITS, 2050 Johannesburg, South Africa; IPHC, UNISTRA, CNRS, 23 rue du Loess, 67200 Strasbourg, France.

In many species, males follow alternative reproductive tactics (ARTs), where one tactic (called bourgeois) has much higher reproductive success than alternative tactics followed by males with lower competitive ability. The extent to which ARTs differ in energetic costs is unknown, but it is important to understand the fitness payoffs of ARTs. We studied male African striped mice (Rhabdomys pumilio) which follow one of three ARTs: heavy bourgeois males defend harems of females and have 10 times higher reproductive success than smaller roamers, which have ten times higher reproductive success than philopatric males, which remain in their natal group and are the smallest males. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Licence to swill: James Bond's drinking over six decades.

Med J Aust 2018 Dec;209(11):495-500

Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Objectives: To describe the patterns of alcohol use in James Bond movies over six decades.

Design: Film content analysis.

Setting: Wide range of international locations in 24 James Bond movies (Eon Productions series, 1962-2015). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Pediatric Office Delivery of Smoking Cessation Assistance for Breast-Feeding Mothers.

Nicotine Tob Res 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Division of General Academic Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston, MA.

Introduction: National and international organizations have done an excellent job of advocating and promoting breast feeding for all mothers. This study assessed to what extent an intervention increased delivery of cessation assistance to breast-feeding mothers who smoke.

Methods: Data were collected between April and October 2015 in five US states as part of a cluster randomized controlled trial in 10 pediatric practices. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Mindfulness is positively related to socioeconomic job status and income and independently predicts mental distress in a long-term perspective: Danish validation studies of the Five-Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire.

Psychol Assess 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Neurobiology Research Unit, The Neuroscience Centre, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark, and Center for Integrated Molecular Brain Imaging.

The Five Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) measures 5 factor-analytically derived mindfulness aspects (Observe, Describe, Non-Judgment, Non-Reactivity, and Acting with Awareness) and is commonly used as an indicator of mindfulness in population surveys and studies of mindfulness-based interventions (MBI). Outside MBI, FFMQ scores are hypothesized to reflect relatively stable human dispositions of importance to psychological health. However, the long-term test-retest reliability of FFMQ scores is virtually untested and it remains unknown whether FFMQ scores predict psychological health after controlling for standardized socioeconomic status classifications. Read More

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December 2018

Mindfulness and burnout among beside registered nurses: A cross-sectional study.

Nurs Health Sci 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Quality Management Office, the Second Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Nursing is a high stress job, and burnout of nurses is of particular concern. The aim of this cross-sectional survey study was to examine the relationship between mindfulness and burnout, and how the mindfulness facets vary in their associations with the different domains of burnout for Chinese nurses. A sample of registered bedside nurses working in a tertiary Chinese hospital (n = 763) was surveyed from February to June 2017 regarding mindfulness (i. Read More

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December 2018

Airflow obstruction among ever-employed U.S. adults aged 18-79 years by industry and occupation: NHANES 2007-2008 to 2011-2012.

Am J Ind Med 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Maryland.

Introduction: This study estimated the prevalence of spirometry-defined airflow obstruction by industry and occupation and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among ever-employed U.S. adults. Read More

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December 2018

Efficiency of autocoding programs for converting job descriptors into standard occupational classification (SOC) codes.

Am J Ind Med 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of General Medical Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.

Background: Existing datasets often lack job exposure data. Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) codes can link work exposure data to health outcomes via a Job Exposure Matrix, but manually assigning SOC codes is laborious. We explored the utility of two SOC autocoding programs. Read More

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December 2018

Changes in Health and Ability to Work Among Medicaid Expansion Enrollees: a Mixed Methods Study.

J Gen Intern Med 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Background: Michigan expanded Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act (Healthy Michigan Plan [HMP]) to improve the health of low-income residents and the state's economy.

Objective: To understand HMP's impact on enrollees' health, ability to work, and ability to seek employment DESIGN: Mixed methods study, including 67 qualitative interviews and 4090 computer-assisted telephone surveys (response rate 53.7%) PARTICIPANTS: Non-elderly adult HMP enrollees MAIN MEASURES: Changes in health status, ability to work, and ability to seek employment KEY RESULTS: Half (47. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Learning climate positively influences residents' work-related well-being.

Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Professional Performance Research Group, Department of Medical Psychology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

An optimal learning climate is crucial for the quality of residency training and may also improve residents' well-being and empathy. We investigated the associations of learning climate with residents' work-related well-being. A multicenter questionnaire study was performed among 271 surgery and gynaecology residents in 21 training programs from September 2012 to February 2013. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Internationally educated nurses' and medical graduates' experiences of getting a license and practicing in Sweden - a qualitative interview study.

BMC Med Educ 2018 Dec 5;18(1):296. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Health and Caring Sciences, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.

Background: The Swedish healthcare system has an increased need for nurses and physicians, and the number of International Educated Nurses (IENs) and International Medical Graduates (IMGs) seeking job opportunities and a license to practice in Sweden is rising. This study explored how IENs and IMGs describe their experience of getting a license to practice, their perceptions of working in Sweden and of how their intercultural competence is utilized.

Method: A qualitative study based on semi-structured interviews with 11 IENs and 11 IMGs. Read More

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December 2018

Differences in Career Satisfaction, Work-life Balance, and Stress by Gender in a National Survey of Pharmacy Faculty.

J Pharm Pract 2018 Dec 5:897190018815042. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

1 College of Pharmacy, Touro University California, Vallejo, CA, USA.

Introduction:: The percentage of women pharmacy students and pharmacy faculty has greatly increased over the last 40 years. However, it is not known whether gender differences exist in terms of career satisfaction, work-life balance, and stress in the pharmacy academia workplace.

Methods:: Results from a national web-based survey administered to American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) members were utilized. Read More

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December 2018

Disparities in 17-Hydroxyprogesterone Caproate Offer and Uptake in Pregnancies at a Risk of Preterm Birth.

Am J Perinatol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objective:  To evaluate the offer, acceptance, uptake, and patient experience with 17-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17OHP-C) over the course of 10 years.

Study Design:  This is a retrospective cohort study with a qualitative component. We identified all women with spontaneous preterm deliveries with subsequent births in our hospital between 2005 and 2015. Read More

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December 2018

Reasons That Dutch Dentists and Dental Hygienists Oppose or Support an Extended Scope of Practice for Dental Hygienists.

J Allied Health 2018 ;47(4):255-264

Center for Dentistry and Oral Hygiene, University Medical Center Groningen, PO Box 275, 9700 VB Groningen, the Netherlands. Tel +31 (0)50-363 3483, fax +31 (0)50-363 2696.

Background: In the Netherlands, the scope of dental hygiene practice was expanded in 2006. The objective of this study was to explore reasons among dentists and dental hygienists for supporting or opposing an extended scope of practice and to find explanatory factors.

Methods: A questionnaire containing pre-defined reasons and an open-ended question was distributed among 1,674 randomly selected members of two Dutch professional associations (874 dentists, 800 dental hygienists). Read More

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January 2018

Francisella tularensis Exposure Among National Park Service Employees During an Epizootic: Devils Tower National Monument, Wyoming, 2015.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

4 Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Fort Collins, Colorado.

Introduction: Tularemia is a zoonotic infection caused by the highly infectious bacterium Francisella tularensis. Persons having outdoor professions are more likely than others to be exposed to F. tularensis through increased contact with arthropods, infected animals, and contaminated aerosols. Read More

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December 2018

Exploring a 1-Minute Paced Deep-Breathing Measurement of Heart Rate Variability as Part of a Workers' Health Assessment.

Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Low heart rate variability (HRV) is related to health problems that are known reasons for sick-leave or early retirement. A 1-minute-protocol could allow large scale HRV measurement for screening of health problems and, potentially, sustained employability. Our objectives were to explore the association of HRV with measures of health. Read More

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December 2018

New insights on occupational exposure and bladder cancer risk: a pooled analysis of two Italian case-control studies.

Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Unit of Epidemiology, Regional Health Service, ASLTO3, Via Sabaudia 164, 10095, Grugliasco, TO, Italy.

Purpose: The main risk factor for bladder cancer (BC) is cigarette smoking, but also occupational exposure to carcinogens is relevant, causing about 4-10% of BC. We aimed at investigating the association between BC risk, occupations held in the past and exposure to occupational carcinogens, also assessing whether these associations were influenced by tumour grade.

Methods: We pooled data from two Italian case-control studies on male BC, analyzing 893 cases and 978 controls. Read More

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November 2018

Worker well-being in the United States: Finding variation across job categories.

Prev Med Rep 2019 Mar 18;13:5-10. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1603 W. Taylor St., Chicago, IL 60612, United States of America.

Job categories shape the contexts that contribute to worker well-being, including their health, connectivity, and engagement. Using data from the 2014 Gallup Daily tracking survey, this study documented the distribution of worker well-being across 11 broad job categories among a national sample of employed adults in the United States. Well-being was measured by Gallup-Sharecare Well-Being 5™, a composite measure of five well-being dimensions (purpose, community, physical, financial, and social). Read More

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'My heart beats for animals'.

Authors:

Vet Rec 2018 Dec;183(21):i-ii

Italian vet combined her PhD studies of vectorborne infections in cats with a job in clinical practice. Her research recently won her a young scientist award from the European Advisory Board on Cat Diseases. Read More

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December 2018

Reduced professional efficacy is associated with a blunted salivary alpha-amylase awakening response.

Physiol Behav 2018 Nov 29;199:292-299. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora, VIC 3086, Australia. Electronic address:

The job demands-resources model (JD-R) has shown an ability to predict worker engagement and exhaustion, yet to our knowledge, research has not been conducted that assesses the JD-R model with physiological indicators of chronic stress and burnout. Using the JD-R model, we assessed if occupational stress and burnout were related to dysregulated cortisol and salivary alpha-amylase awakening responses (sAA-AR). Professional apprentice jockeys comprising of males (n = 14) and females (n = 18) provided morning saliva samples and completed self-report measures relating to job demands and resources, burnout, and perceived mental and physical health. Read More

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November 2018

Educator and Trainee Perspectives on the Need for a "Real World" Curriculum in General Surgery.

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 4;233:268-275. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Department of Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: The necessity of a nonclinical education for surgery residents is a topic of exploration. We examine chief resident (CR) and program director (PD) perspectives on the need for a standardized nonclinical curriculum.

Methods: PDs and CRs from accredited general surgery programs were solicited to partake in an anonymous survey. Read More

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January 2019
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Predictors of enacted, internal, and anticipated stigma among PLHIV in New Jersey.

AIDS Care 2018 Dec 2:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

b Coalition to End Discrimination , Newark , NJ , USA.

This article describes findings from the first statewide implementation of the People Living with HIV (PLHIV) Stigma Index in the United States. The goals of the study were to identify sources of stigma and contributing factors as a means of developing stigma-reduction interventions in New Jersey. Based on a sample of 371 PLHIV, the study found high levels of internal and anticipated stigma, particularly feelings of self-blame, anger, low self-esteem, fear of gossip, and fear of lack of sexual intimacy. Read More

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December 2018

Annelies Allain: Pioneer of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes.

J Hum Lact 2018 Dec 5:890334418812075. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

2 International Code Documentation Centre, IBFAN Penang, Penang, Malaysia.

Annelies Allain has been at the forefront of global efforts to support and promote breastfeeding for more than 30 years. Her accomplishments continue to affect all of us who work with breastfeeding families. Born in the Netherlands in 1945, Annelies Allain-van Elk received a scholarship and completed a BA from the University of Minnesota, Duluth, USA. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Prevalence and factors associated with illicit drug use throughout life: National School Health Survey 2015.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2018 Nov 29;21(suppl 1):e180007. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - Belo Horizonte (MG), Brasil.

Introduction: The use of illicit drugs is a public health concern. This paper describes the prevalence and factors associated with the use of illicit drugs throughout life among 9th grade students attending public and private schools in daylight period in Brazil.

Method: Data from the Brazilian Adolescent School-based Health Survey (PeNSE) were analyzed. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Provider knowledge and performance in medication injection safety in anesthesia: A mixed method prospective crosses sectional study.

PLoS One 2018 5;13(12):e0207572. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Public Health, Patient Safety Research Center, School of Public Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.

Objectives: Injection safety during anesthesia is a challenging health care issue in Iranian hospitals. Anesthesia is one of the most medication-intensive procedures in healthcare and injecting patients are an integral part of that care. The present study aimed to assess the status of medication injection safety practice in a teaching center. Read More

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December 2018

The association between workplace violence and physicians' and nurses' job satisfaction in Macau.

PLoS One 2018 5;13(12):e0207577. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR.

Background: This paper describes the association between workplace violence and job satisfaction among physicians and nurses in Macau. Convenience sampling was sourced from six health centers under the Macau Health Bureau.

Methods: This study uses a cross-sectional self-administrative survey. Read More

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December 2018

The interactive effect of occupational noise on attention and short-term memory: A pilot study.

Noise Health 2018 Sep-Oct;20(96):190-198

Department of Environmental Health, Health and Environment Research Center, School of Health, Polytechnic Institute of Porto, Portugal.

Introduction: Human performance is influenced by several job-related factors and workplace conditions, including occupational noise. This influence can occur at sound pressure levels lower than the ones that cause physiological damage, such as hearing loss, being mediated by the noise characteristics. However, studies concerning this issue are still scarce. Read More

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December 2018

Preliminary Effectiveness of a Smartphone App to Reduce Depressive Symptoms in the Workplace: Feasibility and Acceptability Study.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2018 Dec 4;6(12):e11661. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Black Dog Institute, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Background: The workplace represents a unique setting for mental health interventions. Due to range of job-related factors, employees in male-dominated industries are at an elevated risk. However, these at-risk groups are often overlooked. Read More

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December 2018

Exploring the possible health consequences of job insecurity: a pilot study among young workers.

Gac Sanit 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Public Health, University of Torino, Torino, Italy.

Objective: Socio-economical changes in Europe are leading to the rise of new issues regarding the labour market and health of young workers. Job insecurity is a widely studied phenomenon that involves an increasing number of young workers. We investigated its association with mental health and hazardous behaviours. Read More

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December 2018

Correction to: Level of job satisfaction and associated factors among health care professionals working at University of Gondar Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Res Notes 2018 Dec 4;11(1):857. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Debre Markos University, P.O.BOX:269, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.

Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported that one of the authors' names was spelled incorrectly. In this Correction the incorrect and correct author name are shown. The original publication of this article has been corrected. Read More

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December 2018

Projected lifetime cancer risks from occupational radiation exposure among diagnostic medical radiation workers in South Korea.

BMC Cancer 2018 Dec 4;18(1):1206. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, 73, Inchon-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, 02841, South Korea.

Background: Timely assessment of cancer risk from current radiation exposure among medical radiation workers can contribute to the development of strategies to prevent excessive occupational radiation exposure. The purpose of the present study is to estimate the lifetime risk of cancers induced by occupational radiation exposure among medical radiation workers.

Methods: Using estimated organ doses and the RadRAT risk assessment tool, the lifetime cancer risk was estimated among medical radiation workers who were enrolled in the Korean National Dose Registry from 1996 to 2011. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Older Worker Identity and Job Performance: The Moderator Role of Subjective Age and Self-Efficacy.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 3;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, National Distance Education University (UNED), 28040 Madrid, Spain.

Older Worker Identity consists of the internalization of negative beliefs and attitudes towards aged employees by these same people. This research aims to explore the moderator role both of subjective age and self-efficacy in the relationship between older worker identity and job performance. The study was conducted with a panel design, including a sample of +40 Spanish workers ( = 200), with two waves (4-months interval). Read More

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December 2018

New Burnout Evaluation Model Based on the Brief Burnout Questionnaire: Psychometric Properties for Nursing.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 2;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain.

Health care personnel are considered one of the worker sectors most exposed to heavier workloads and work stress. One of the consequences associated with the exposure to chronic stress is the development of burnout syndrome. Given that evaluating this syndrome requires addressing the context in which they are to be used, the purpose of this work was to analyze the psychometric properties and structure of the Burnout Brief Questionnaire (CBB), and to propose a more suitable version for its application to health professionals, and more specifically nurses. Read More

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December 2018

Demodulation of Chaos Phase Modulation Spread Spectrum Signals Using Machine Learning Methods and Its Evaluation for Underwater Acoustic Communication.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 1;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 1.

LE2I EA7508, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 21078 Dijon, France.

The chaos phase modulation sequences consist of complex sequences with a constant envelope, which has recently been used for direct-sequence spread spectrum underwater acoustic communication. It is considered an ideal spreading code for its benefits in terms of large code resource quantity, nice correlation characteristics and high security. However, demodulating this underwater communication signal is a challenging job due to complex underwater environments. Read More

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December 2018

Binding Study of the Fluorescent Carbazole Derivative with Human Telomeric G-Quadruplexes.

Molecules 2018 Nov 30;23(12). Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics, University of Medical Sciences, Przybyszewskiego 49, 60-355 Poznań, Poland.

The carbazole ligand was synthesized, characterized and its binding interactions with human telomeric (22HT) G-quadruplex DNA in Na⁺ and K⁺-containing buffer were investigated by ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectrophotometry, fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy, and DNA melting. The results showed that the studied carbazole ligand interacted and stabilized the intramolecular G-quadruplexes formed by the telomeric sequence in the presence of sodium and potassium ions. In the UV-Vis titration experiments a two-step complex formation between ligand and G-quadruplex was observed. Read More

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November 2018

Traffic noise exposure in relation to adverse birth outcomes and body mass between birth and adolescence.

Environ Res 2018 Nov 27;169:362-367. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: There is growing evidence that traffic noise exposure is associated with adiposity among adults but data in children are limited.

Objective: This longitudinal study examined whether pre- and postnatal noise exposure is associated with body mass index (BMI) between birth and adolescence or with adverse birth outcomes.

Methods: The study was conducted using data from the BAMSE birth cohort, which included 4089 children born in Stockholm County, Sweden. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Asbestos Exposure and Mesothelioma Mortality among Atomic Veterans.

Int J Radiat Biol 2018 Dec 4:1-15. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

h Cascade Scientific, Inc ., Bend , OR 97703.

Background: During the Cold War the United States (U.S.) conducted 230 above-ground atmospheric nuclear weapons tests between 1945 and 1962 at the Nevada Test Site and the Pacific Proving Grounds. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Long-term exposure to heavy physical work, disability pension due to musculoskeletal disorders and all-cause mortality: 20-year follow-up-introducing Helsinki Health Study job exposure matrix.

Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Purpose: We developed a job exposure matrix (JEM) to study the association between long-term exposure to heavy physical effort or heavy lifting and carrying at work with disability pension due to musculoskeletal disorders and premature all-cause mortality.

Methods: Exposure to heavy physical effort at work during 1996-2005 was estimated with JEM developed for this study population, where the exposure was based on occupational titles of the participants. We included all employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland, who had annual data of exposure for 8-10 years (1996-2005, n = 18387). Read More

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December 2018

Medical Education Manager: A Title Worthy of the Description.

Cureus 2018 Sep 27;10(9):e3373. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Internal Medicine, The University of Oklahoma School of Community Medicine, Oklahoma, USA.

At a national meeting, an informal conversation took place between a group of medical education coordinators/administrators who reviewed and identified requisite skills needed for their vocation. Upon conclusion, it became evident that the profession was undervalued. It was also determined that retention and sustainability in this position is becoming transitory and that the need to raise awareness and construct a professional identity is crucial. Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads

Broadened immunity against influenza by vaccination with computationally designed influenza virus N1 neuraminidase constructs.

NPJ Vaccines 2018 29;3:55. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1VIB-UGent Center for Medical Biotechnology, VIB, 9052 Ghent, Belgium.

Split inactivated influenza vaccines remain one of the primary preventative strategies against severe influenza disease in the population. However, current vaccines are only effective against a limited number of matched strains. The need for broadly protective vaccines is acute due to the high mutational rate of influenza viruses and multiple strain variants in circulation at any one time. Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads

The flip side of the Arabidopsis type I proton-pumping pyrophosphatase (AVP1): using a trans-membrane H gradient to synthesize pyrophosphate.

J Biol Chem 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Baylor College of Medicine.

Energy partitioning and plant growth are mediated in part by a type I H-pumping pyrophosphatase (H-PPase). A canonical role for this transporter has been demonstrated at the tonoplast where it serves a job-sharing role with V-ATPase in vacuolar acidification. Here, we investigated whether the plant H-PPase from Arabidopsis also functions in "reverse mode", to synthesize PPi using the trans-membrane H gradient. Read More

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December 2018

Nursing Degree students' perception about their clinical practice environment: a phenomenological study.

Enferm Clin 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Departamento de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Medicina, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Almería, Almería, España. Electronic address:

Aim: To explore the perception of fourth-year nursing students of the healthcare environment where their training process in clinical practices takes place.

Methods: Phenomenological qualitative study based on the hermeneutical philosophy of Gádamer that included the development of focus groups and semi-structured interviews in a sample of fourth-year nursing students from the University of Almería. The collection period was in February 2016. Read More

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November 2018

Design and ergonomic assessment of an infusion set connector tool used in nursing work.

Appl Ergon 2019 Feb 21;75:91-98. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Department of Biomedical Systems & Medical Physics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

Nursing is a physically demanding job characterized by a high prevalence of fatigue and musculoskeletal disorders. One of the high-exertion and repetitive nursing tasks is the manual connection of an infusion set to a medical fluid bottle. Such physical work can be eased by the design of new hand tools. Read More

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February 2019

Radio frequency identification to measure the duration of machine-paced assembly tasks: Agreement with self-reported task duration and application in variance components analyses of upper arm postures and movements recorded over multiple days.

Appl Ergon 2019 Feb 18;75:74-82. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

University of Iowa, Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, S347 CPHB, 52242, Iowa City, IA, USA. Electronic address:

Technical advances in inertial measurement units (IMUs) with data logging functionality have enabled multi-day collection of fullshift upper arm postures and movements. Such data are useful for characterizing job-level exposures and, when coupled with task-level information, can inform interventions to mitigate high-exposure tasks. Previously reported methods for capturing task-level information, however, were limited primarily to self-report diaries or direct observation. Read More

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February 2019

Variation in upper extremity, neck and trunk postures when performing computer work at a sit-stand station.

Appl Ergon 2019 Feb 3;75:120-128. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Laboratory of Clinical and Occupational Kinesiology, Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of São Carlos, Rodovia Washington Luiz, Km 235, SP310, 13565-905, São Carlos, Brazil. Electronic address:

Sit-stand tables are introduced in offices to increase variation in gross body posture, but the extent to which upper body posture variation is also affected has not previously been addressed. Neck, trunk, and upper arm postures (means and minute-to-minute variances) were determined during periods of sitting and standing from 24 office workers using sit-stand tables to perform computer work. Posture variability resulting from different temporal compositions of sitting and standing computer work was then predicted for the neck, trunk and upper arm by simulations. Read More

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February 2019

Incorporating work experience of medical staff into patient safety climate management: a multi-group analysis.

BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 3;18(1):919. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Executive Master Program for Health Administration, Tunghai University, Taichung City, Taiwan, 40704.

Background: This study aims to provide insights on how to incorporate the work experience of medical staff into safety climate management based on the relationships among several safety-related constructs such as teamwork climate, working condition, and job satisfaction.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a regional hospital in Taichung City, Taiwan using a Safety Attitude Questionnaire (SAQ)-based questionnaire. The relationships among the constructs were modeled by a structural equation model, and a multi-group analysis was performed. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Differentiating borderline personality from bipolar disorder with the Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ): A replication and extension of the International Mood Network (IMN) Nosology Project.

Compr Psychiatry 2018 Nov 22;88:49-51. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown Medical School, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI, United States.

Introduction: Vöhringer et al. identified a triad of items on the Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ) that best discriminated between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and bipolar disorder (BD) in a tertiary mood clinic setting [23]. The present study aimed to replicate and extend these findings by examining the performance of the triad across a range of cut-off scores and comparing the operating characteristics of the triad to the full MDQ. Read More

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November 2018

Assessing Compassion Fatigue Risk Among Nurses in a Large Urban Trauma Center.

J Nurs Adm 2019 Jan;49(1):19-23

Author Affiliations: Doctoral Candidate (Dr Wijdenes), University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona; Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner (Dr Wijdenes), Currently United States Air Force, Biloxi, Mississippi; Professor and Director Community and Systems Health Science Division (Dr Badger); Clinical Associate Professor (Dr Sheppard), College of Nursing, University of Arizona, Tucson.

Objective: This study evaluated the prevalence and severity of compassion fatigue (CF) risk among nurses employed in a large southwestern hospital system.

Background: Compassion fatigue is defined as multifaceted exhaustion stemming from untreated distress that leads to physical and emotional problems. Low morale, increased medication errors, and higher turnover can result. Read More

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January 2019
2 Reads

[Coping humor for the relationship between a sense of stress at work and job satisfaction].

Med Pr 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego / Kazimierz Wielki University, Bydgoszcz, Poland (Wydział Pedagogiki i Psychologii, Instytut Psychologii, Zakład Psychopatologii i Diagnozy Klinicznej / Faculty of Pedagogy and Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Psychopathology and Clinical Diagnosis Department).

Background: Humor is considered as a personal resource that allows individuals to effectively deal with stressful situations at work by reducing tension and perceiving the situation as less threatening. By reducing stress, humor contributes to increased job satisfaction.

Material And Methods: A total of 201 professionally active participants (113 women and 88 men) aged 19-60 years old were qualified for the study - the average age in the study group was 37. Read More

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November 2018

When I Take Off My White Coat….

Authors:
Joseph Gascho

AMA J Ethics 2018 Nov 1;20(11):E1094-1099. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

A cardiologist at Penn State College of Medicine in Hershey, Pennsylvania.

Lay persons might think physicians spend all their time in hospitals or clinics or that physicians fly their private jets to exclusive resorts for long weekends. But physicians are regular people just like their patients, and, when not on the job, they do many of the same things for the same reasons: playing with pets and doing sports, music, and art. Physicians might not have a blue-ribbon dog, might not have played varsity basketball in college, might not have gone to Julliard before medical school, might not have had one-person exhibits at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, but what they do when they are not wearing their white coats can make them better physicians when they put the coats back on again. Read More

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November 2018

Moving to a strong(er) community health system: analysing the role of community health volunteers in the new national community health strategy in Malawi.

BMJ Glob Health 2018 16;3(Suppl 3):e000996. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Athena Institute for Research on Innovation and Communication in Health and Life Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Since the Alma Ata Declaration in 1978, community health volunteers (CHVs) have been at the forefront, providing health services, especially to underserved communities, in low-income countries. However, consolidation of CHVs position within formal health systems has proved to be complex and continues to challenge countries, as they devise strategies to strengthen primary healthcare. Malawi's community health strategy, launched in 2017, is a novel attempt to harmonise the multiple health service structures at the community level and strengthen service delivery through a team-based approach. Read More

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November 2018
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