2,389 results match your criteria Job Syndrome


Epidemiology of burnout syndrome in four occupational sectors in Cameroon-impact of the practice of physical activities and sport.

AIMS Public Health 2020 4;7(2):319-335. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Physiology and Medicine of Physical Activities and Sports Unit, University of Douala, Cameroon.

Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of Burnout syndrome (BOS), risk factors and the effect of physical activity in six professions in Cameroon.

Methods: 2012 participants completed questionnaires related to socio-demographic conditions and work perception. Appropriate Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) psychometers were used for specific professions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2020027DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7327400PMC

Professional burnout syndrome in specialist surgeons: prevalence and risk factors.

Cir Cir 2020 ;88(3):354-360

Unidad de Investigación Social, Epidemiológica y de Servicios de Salud, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México.

Background: Medical surgeons specialists are exposed to risk factors, the most frequent being those of the psychosocial type, where burnout syndrome is included due to the type of exposure and diversification of their activities as a member of the health team and the legal and socio-labor repercussions.

Objective: To determine the prevalence and risk factors of burnout in medical surgeons.

Method: Observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study in 296 specialists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24875/CIRU.19001502DOI Listing
January 2020

Impact of COVID-19 in spanish urology residents: Recommendations and perspective.

Arch Esp Urol 2020 06;73(5):471-478

Servicio de Urología. Hospital Universitario Puerta del Mar. Cádiz. España.

The COVID-19 pandemic has seriously disrupted the day-to-day running of hospitals, affecting the activity of all medical and surgical departments. It has also affected urology residents, depriving them of training at their usual workplaces and forcing them to support COVID units. This has implied not only the loss of daily activities, but also the uncertainty of job opportunities for the final year residents. Read More

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Burnout syndrome in Romanian medical residents in time of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Med Hypotheses 2020 Jun 7;144:109972. Epub 2020 Jun 7.

"Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania; "Sf. Pantelimon" Emergency Hospital, Department of Surgery, Bucharest, Romania.

Burnout is a state of physical or mental collapse caused by overwork or stress. Burnout during residency training has gained significant attention secondary to concerns regarding job performance and patient care. The new COVID-19 pandemic has raised public health problems around the world and required a reorganization of health services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mehy.2020.109972DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7276114PMC

Burnout in psychodermatology: results from a European survey.

Br J Dermatol 2020 Jun 11. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Department of Dermatology, Royal London Hospital, Bart's Health NHS Trust, E1 1BB, London, UK.

Burnout is defined as a work-induced syndrome combining emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and a sense of reduced personal accomplishment. Maslach et al. was the first to provide the definition of burnout as 'a long term, unresolvable stress that leads to exhaustion and feeling overwhelmed, cynical, detached from the job and lacking a sense of personal accomplishment'. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjd.19308DOI Listing

Addressing Burnout Syndrome From a Critical Care Specialty Organization Perspective.

AACN Adv Crit Care 2020 Jun;31(2):158-166

Meredith Mealer is Associate Professor, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado.

Background: Health care specialty organizations are an important resource for their membership; however, it is not clear how specialty societies should approach combating stress and burnout on an organizational scale.

Objective: To understand the prevalence of burnout syndrome in American Thoracic Society members, identify specialty-specific risk factors, and generate strategies for health care societies to combat burnout.

Methods: Cross-sectional, mixed-methods survey in a sample of 2018 American Thoracic Society International Conference attendees to assess levels of burnout syndrome, work satisfaction, and stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4037/aacnacc2020579DOI Listing

Systems to Address Burnout and Support Well-being: Implications for Intensive Care Unit Nurses.

AACN Adv Crit Care 2020 Jun;31(2):141-145

Sharon Pappas is Chief Nurse Executive, Emory Healthcare, Atlanta, Georgia.

Burnout, a syndrome resulting from chronic job-related stress in the workplace, is an extensive problem among clinicians working in health care organizations. The 3 dimensions of burnout include emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and loss of a sense of professional efficacy. Approximately 35% of all nurses experience symptoms of burnout. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4037/aacnacc2020771DOI Listing

[Innovative medical care concepts for adolescents with severe obesity].

Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 2020 Jun 9. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Sektion Pädiatrische Endokrinologie und Diabetologie, Universitätsklinik für Kinder- und Jugendmedizin Ulm, Eythstr. 24, 89075, Ulm, Deutschland.

There is no convincing, science-based treatment or care concept for adolescents with severe obesity in Germany or other countries. The affected young people have an increased risk of numerous somatic comorbidities (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00103-020-03167-yDOI Listing

COVID-19 epidemiology: Through the eyes of vernacular newspapers.

Indian J Public Health 2020 Jun;64(Supplement):S217-S220

Professor, Department of Epidemiology, Centre for Public Health, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuroscience, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Media plays an indispensable role in society to influence health literacy. To document COVID-19 coverage in Kannada daily newspapers, hardcopies of 455 editions were methodically reviewed. Content analysis and data coding of 11 of the possible 60 terms/concepts related to COVID-19 epidemiology, was undertaken. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijph.IJPH_485_20DOI Listing

Burnout among Academic Clinicians as It Correlates with Workload and Demographic Variables.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2020 May 27;10(6). Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Innovation in Medical Education, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1N6N5, Canada.

Burnout syndrome (BOS) in academic physicians is a psychological state resulting from prolonged exposure to job stressors. It leads to a decline in overall job performance, which could result in misjudgment and serious clinical errors. The current study identifies the prevalence, as well as the potential demographic and workload variables that contribute significantly to BOS in academic clinicians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs10060094DOI Listing

Online Information Exchange and Anxiety Spread in the Early Stage of the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Outbreak in South Korea: Structural Topic Model and Network Analysis.

J Med Internet Res 2020 06 2;22(6):e19455. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Republic of Korea.

Background: In case of a population-wide infectious disease outbreak, such as the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), people's online activities could significantly affect public concerns and health behaviors due to difficulty in accessing credible information from reliable sources, which in turn causes people to seek necessary information on the web. Therefore, measuring and analyzing online health communication and public sentiment is essential for establishing effective and efficient disease control policies, especially in the early stage of an outbreak.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the trends of online health communication, analyze the focus of people's anxiety in the early stages of COVID-19, and evaluate the appropriateness of online information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/19455DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7268668PMC

Causes and consequences of burnout among mental health professionals: A practice-oriented review of recent empirical literature.

Psychotherapy (Chic) 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Educational Psychology, Counseling, and Special Education.

Burnout is a psychological syndrome characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a reduced sense of personal accomplishment. Due to the demands of treating people with psychological problems, burnout is prevalent among psychotherapists. In this article, we present a comprehensive review of 44 quantitative and qualitative studies from the past decade focusing on both the risk factors for, and effects of, burnout among psychotherapists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pst0000317DOI Listing

What factors affect the evolution of the wife's mental health after the husband's retirement? Evidence from a population-based nationwide survey in Japan.

Authors:
Takashi Oshio

J Epidemiol 2020 May 23. Epub 2020 May 23.

Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.

Background: The "retired husband syndrome" refers to the negative impact of the husband's retirement on the wife's health. This study provided new insights by examining whether and to what extent the wife's social participation, interactions with her husband, and job status prior to her husband's retirement affected the evolution of her mental health after her husband's retirement.

Methods: We collected data from a 12-wave nationwide panel survey conducted from 2005 to 2016, starting with individuals aged 50-59 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2188/jea.JE20200071DOI Listing

Efficacy of intensive, hospital-based rehabilitation in cases of thoracic outlet syndrome that failed to respond to private-practice physiotherapy.

J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 2020 May 15. Epub 2020 May 15.

Pôle RRSS, Hôpital Swynghedauw, CHU, F-59000 Lille, France.

Background: Rehabilitation is currently the preferred first-line treatment for thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). When physiotherapy fails, the next treatment option is usually surgery - a complex procedure with potential complications.

Objective: We sought to establish whether an intensive, multidisciplinary, day-hospital-based rehabilitation programme could reduce the symptoms of TOS after the failure of private-practice physiotherapy and before surgery was considered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/BMR-170906DOI Listing

Factors Associated with Burnout Syndrome in Primary and Secondary School Teachers in the Republic of Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina).

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 May 20;17(10). Epub 2020 May 20.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia.

: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of burnout syndrome in a large sample of primary and secondary school teachers in the Republic of Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina) and identify the factors associated with burnout in this population. : This cross-sectional study was conducted in August and September of 2018, on a sample of 952 teachers. Beside socio-demographic information, Bortner scale, Job Content Questionnaire, and Maslach Burnout Inventory were filled in by the study participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103595DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7277896PMC

An App Developed for Detecting Nurse Burnouts Using the Convolutional Neural Networks in Microsoft Excel: Population-Based Questionnaire Study.

JMIR Med Inform 2020 May 7;8(5):e16528. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.

Background: Burnout (BO), a critical syndrome particularly for nurses in health care settings, substantially affects their physical and psychological status, the institute's well-being, and indirectly, patient outcomes. However, objectively classifying BO levels has not been defined and noticed in the literature.

Objective: The aim of this study is to build a model using the convolutional neural network (CNN) to develop an app for automatic detection and classification of nurse BO using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) to help assess nurse BO at an earlier stage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/16528DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7243132PMC

The Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Electively Scheduled Hip and Knee Arthroplasty Patients in the United States.

J Arthroplasty 2020 Jul 22;35(7S):S49-S55. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Rothman Orthopaedic Institute, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA.

Background: In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, hospitals in the United States were recommended to stop performing elective procedures. This stoppage has led to the cancellation of a large number of hip and knee arthroplasties. The effect of this on patients' physical mental and economic health is unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2020.04.052DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7195093PMC
July 2020
2.666 Impact Factor

Knowledge about Computer Vision Syndrome among Bank Workers in Gondar City, Northwest Ethiopia.

Occup Ther Int 2020 14;2020:2561703. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Department of Optometry, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Globally, computer vision syndrome is the most common eye problem which is associated with prolonged exposure to a computer. It has a great socioeconomic impact on the users due to its effect on job performance. Recently, many people in the world, including our country Ethiopia, especially bank workers, are spending most of their time in front of a computer screen to facilitate their work. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/2561703DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7195649PMC
April 2020
0.667 Impact Factor

Burnout, but not job strain, is associated with irritable bowel syndrome in working adults.

J Psychosom Res 2020 Jul 20;134:110121. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Objective: Although stress is an important component of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) pathophysiology, the possibility that work-related stress is implicated in the pathophysiology of IBS has not been widely studied. This study aimed to examine whether job strain (a combination of high job demands and low control at work) and/or burnout, the outcome of a gradual depletion of energetic resources resulting from chronic exposure to work-related stress, are associated with IBS.

Methods: Fifty-five patients fulfilling the Rome III criteria for IBS and 214 matched healthy controls (HC) participated in this cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2020.110121DOI Listing

Environmental perspective of COVID-19.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Aug 22;728:138870. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Department of Chemistry and Environmental Science, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, N J 07102, USA.

The outbreak of COVID-19 has caused concerns globally. On 30 January WHO has declared it as a global health emergency. The easy spread of this virus made people to wear a mask as precautionary route, use gloves and hand sanitizer on a daily basis that resulted in generation of a massive amount of medical wastes in the environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138870DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7194675PMC

Factors associated with burnout syndrome in surgeons: a systematic review.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2020 Jul 24;102(6):401-407. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

School of Medicine, Anglia Ruskin University, Chelmsford.

Introduction: To date, studies have shown a high prevalence of burnout in surgeons. Various factors have been found to be associated with burnout, and it has significant consequences personally and systemically. Junior doctors are increasingly placing their own health and wellbeing as the most important factor in their decisions about training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1308/rcsann.2020.0040DOI Listing

Recommended Strategies for Physician Burnout, a Well-Recognized Escalating Global Crisis Among Neurologists.

J Clin Neurol 2020 Apr;16(2):191-201

Department of Neurology, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, NE, USA.

Several indexes are used to classify physician burnout, with the Maslach Burnout Inventory currently being the most widely accepted. This index measures physician burnout based on emotional exhaustion, detachment from work, and lack of personal achievement. The overall percentage of physicians with burnout is estimated to be around 40%, but the proportion varies between specialties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3988/jcn.2020.16.2.191DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7174113PMC

Prevalence of burnout syndrome and its related risk factors among physicians working in primary health care centers of the Ministry of Health, Al Ahsa region, Saudi Arabia, 2018-2019.

J Family Med Prim Care 2020 Feb 28;9(2):571-579. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

FM Specialist, PCFCM-MOH Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.

Burnout syndrome (BS) is a relatively common occupational problem. It is a psychological and behavioral syndrome described by three dimensions: emotional exhaustion (EE); depersonalization (DP); and low personal accomplishment (PA).

Objectives: This study aims to calculate the prevalence of BS and its related risk factors among physicians of primary health care centers (PHCCs) of the Ministry of Health (MOH, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_743_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7113941PMC
February 2020

COVID-19: Limiting the Risks for Eye Care Professionals.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2020 Apr 20:1-7. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Optometry, The Sankara Nethralaya Academy, Unit of Medical Research Foundation, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, India.

After the outbreak of the disease COVID-19, it has reached pandemic proportions within a very short time. It is mainly transmitted human-to-human through direct contact with secretions from an infected person or through inhalation of droplets containing SARS-CoV-2. It is controversial whether the virus may be transmitted via tears. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273948.2020.1755442DOI Listing
April 2020
1.440 Impact Factor

Late onset Job syndrome With Growth Retardation.

Indian Pediatr 2020 Apr;57(4):373-374

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital and Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, New Delhi, India.

A 9-year-old girl presented with severe eczematous lesions and multiple infections since age of 6 year with growth retardation and raised serum IgE levels, suggestive of Job syndrome. The unusual late onset of clinical manifestations of the disease is highlighted. Read More

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Case report of an unusual presentation of Staphylococcus aureus induced toxic shock syndrome/hyperimmunoglobulinemia E syndrome.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Apr;99(15):e19746

Department of Microbiology and Immunology University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA.

Rationale: Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) typically is an acute onset multi-organ infection caused by TSS toxin-1 producing Staphylococcus aureus. Herein we describe a highly unusual case report.

Patient Concerns: A male patient self-referred to the University of Minnesota Hospital with a chronic history of S aureus infection with accompanying fever, hypotension, and nonhealing, football-sized lesion on his leg. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000019746DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7220474PMC

Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding COVID-19 among healthcare workers in Henan, China.

J Hosp Infect 2020 Jun 9;105(2):183-187. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Xinxiang Central Hospital, Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang, China.

The study analysed healthcare workers' (HCWs) knowledge, practices, and attitudes regarding coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). A cross-sectional survey was conducted from February 4 to February 8, 2020, involving a total of 1357 HCWs across 10 hospitals in Henan, China. Of those surveyed, 89% of HCWs had sufficient knowledge of COVID-19, more than 85% feared self-infection with the virus, and 89. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2020.04.012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7194961PMC

Prevalence and factors associated with burnout among university professors.

Rev Bras Med Trab 2019 12;17(2):170-179. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Medical Sciences Multi-campus School, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte - Caicó (RN), Brazil.

Background: Burnout is one of the main examples of health disorders directly related to work. This is a psychological syndrome that results from exposure to stressors in the workplace and represents a considerable psychosocial problem.

Objective: To establish the prevalence of and factors associated with burnout among professors at public and private universities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5327/Z1679443520190385DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7138472PMC
February 2020

Study of burnout syndrome, job satisfaction and related factors among health care workers in rural areas of Southeastern Iran.

AIMS Public Health 2020 19;7(1):158-168. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Assistant Professor, Nursing Research Center, Razi Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Background: Burnout syndrome is a Psycho-somatic state resulting from prolonged exposure to job stressors that leads to negative self-concept, Job dissatisfaction and lack of communication with the client. Rural health centers because of lack of facilities and lack of knowledge of the service users are characterized by a high level of work-related stress, a factor known to increase the risk of burnout syndrome. The purpose of this study was to determine burnout syndrome and Job Satisfaction among health care workers in rural areas of southeastern Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2020014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7109528PMC

A Multicenter Study into Burnout, Perceived Stress, Job Satisfaction, Coping Strategies, and General Health among Emergency Department Nursing Staff.

J Clin Med 2020 Apr 2;9(4). Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Department of Nursing, Pharmacology and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Nursing, University of Córdoba, Avda. Menéndez Pidal, S/N, 14071 Córdoba, Spain.

Burnout is a major problem among nurses working in emergency departments and is closely related to a high turnover of personnel, nursing errors, and patient dissatisfaction. The aims of this study were to estimate burnout, perceived stress, job satisfaction, coping and general health levels experienced by nurses working in emergency departments in Spain and to analyze the relationships between sociodemographic, occupational, and psychological variables and the occurrence of burnout syndrome among these professionals. A cross-sectional study was conducted in four emergency departments in Andalusia (Spain) from March to December 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9041007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7230883PMC

Association of Serum Uric Acid with cardio-metabolic risk factors and metabolic syndrome in seafarers working on tankers.

BMC Public Health 2020 Apr 5;20(1):442. Epub 2020 Apr 5.

Centre of Maritime Health and Society, Department of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark.

Background: There is still controversy over the clinical interpretation of the association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and serum uric acid (SUA) levels. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the association of SUA levels with MetS and other cardio-metabolic risk factors (CMRF) in seafarers working on tankers.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 and included 234 male seafarers working on tankers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08466-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7133015PMC

Autosomal dominant hyper IgE syndrome from a single centre in Chongqing, China (2009-2018).

Scand J Immunol 2020 Jun 23;91(6):e12885. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Clinical Immunology Laboratory, Pediatric Research Institute, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Child Infection and Immunity, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, National Clinical Research Center for Child Health and Disorders, China International Science and Technology Cooperation Base of Child Development and Critical Disorders, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, P.R China.

Autosomal dominant hyper IgE syndrome (AD-HIES) caused by STAT3 gene mutation is a rare primary immunodeficiency disease. To better understand the disease, we described the clinical characteristics of 20 AD-HIES patients in Chongqing, China and explored the effect of mutations in different domains of STAT3 gene on the function of STAT3 protein by Western blot and confocal microscopy. The mean age at onset was 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sji.12885DOI Listing

Healthcare provider burn-out: A war with uncertainty.

Authors:
Andrew S Valeras

Fam Syst Health 2020 Mar;38(1):96-98

Concord Hospital Family Health Center at Concord Hospital.

Referring to provider burn-out as a foe to be conquered is a palatable representation that fits within a familiar medical narrative-combating disease, fighting illness, curing and vanquishing the cancer. Even the words we use to describe our daily work-"on the front lines" or "in the trenches" or "fighting the good fight"-places us on a metaphorical battlefield. Is provider burn-out inflicted by another entity, and if so by whom or by what? Is it, by contrast, a disease or a condition? Is burn-out something that just happens or is it created? The World Health Organization International Classification of Disease (World Health Organization, 2019) added burn-out in 2019, but also made a clear statement that this is an occupational phenomenon and not a medical condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/fsh0000473DOI Listing

The Correlation between Psychological Empowerment and Job Burnout in Midwives Working in the Labor Ward of Hospitals.

Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res 2020 Mar-Apr;25(2):128-133. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Job Burnout (JB) is a multifactorial psycho-cognitive syndrome that leads to physical and psychological problems and declines the efficiency and productivity. Psychological Empowerment (PE) indicates that an individual feels motivated and competent to fulfill work expectations actively. This study assessed the correlation between PE and JB in midwives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijnmr.IJNMR_100_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7055180PMC
February 2020

Successful return to professional work after neglect, extinction, and spatial misperception - Three long-term case studies.

Authors:
Georg Kerkhoff

Neuropsychol Rehabil 2020 Mar 20:1-26. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Saarland University, Klinische Neuropsychologie & Neuropsychological Outpatient Unit, Saarbruecken, Germany.

Spatial neglect is a frequent, disabling syndrome and is associated with a poor rehabilitation outcome. Return to work seems almost impossible and has not been reported so far. Here, three cases with extensive right-hemisphere lesions after stroke are reported, who all showed residual left visuospatial neglect, left visual extinction on double simultaneous stimulation (DSS), and marked spatial-perceptual deficits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09602011.2020.1738248DOI Listing

Prospective associations between burnout symptomatology and hair cortisol.

Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2020 Aug 13;93(6):779-788. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Department of Psychology, University of Geneva, Boulevard du Pont d'Arve 40, 1211, Geneve 4, Switzerland.

Objectives: Burnout is a stress-related, psychological syndrome due to high levels of job stressors. It has been found to be related to impairments of well-being, health, and job outcomes. Alterations of glucocorticoid secretion might be a mechanism explaining the linkage between burnout and reduced psychophysical functioning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00420-020-01528-3DOI Listing

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome as Sentinel for Harmful Hand Activities at Work: A Nationwide Danish Cohort Study.

J Occup Environ Med 2020 May;62(5):375-382

Danish Ramazzini Centre, Department of Occupational Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (Dr Tabatabaeifar, Dr Frost), Centre for Integrated Register-Based Research (CIRRAU), Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark (Dr Tabatabaeifar), Danish Ramazzini Centre, Department of Occupational Medicine, Regional Hospital West Jutland-University Research Clinic, Herning, Denmark (Dr Tabatabaeifar, Dr Svendsen), Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark (Dr Svendsen, Dr Frost).

Objective: Evaluate incidence rates (IRs) of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) as sentinels to identify job groups with high hand-wrist exposures.

Methods: A nationwide register-based cohort study of all born in Denmark. During follow-up 2010 to 2013, we identified first-time CTS diagnoses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001852DOI Listing

A cross-sectional study of job burnout, psychological attachment, and the career calling of Chinese doctors.

BMC Health Serv Res 2020 Mar 12;20(1):193. Epub 2020 Mar 12.

Department of Health Management, School of Medicine, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, 311121, China.

Background: The main objectives of this study were as follows: (1) evaluate the prevalence of burnout syndrome among doctors, (2) establish associations with demographic factors in China, and (3) examine the mediating role of psychological attachment in the relationship between job burnout and career calling.

Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted by administering an online questionnaire in May 2016. The survey was performed across Thirty provinces. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-020-4996-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068889PMC

Burnout-Depression Overlap: Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling Bifactor Analysis and Network Analysis.

Assessment 2020 Mar 10:1073191120911095. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Bourgogne Franche-Comté University, Besançon, France.

Burnout has been viewed as a work-induced condition combining exhaustion, cynicism, and professional inefficacy. Using correlational analyses, an exploratory structural equation modeling bifactor analysis, structural regression analyses, and a network analysis, we examined the claim that burnout should not be mistaken for a depressive syndrome. The study involved 1,258 educational staff members. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191120911095DOI Listing

Therapeutic Potential of Citrulline as an Arginine Supplement: A Clinical Pharmacology Review.

Paediatr Drugs 2020 Jun;22(3):279-293

Department of Pediatrics, Wright State University, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton Children's Hospital, One Children's Plaza, Dayton, OH, 45404-1815, USA.

Supplemental arginine has shown promise as a safe therapeutic option to improve endogenous nitric oxide (NO) regulation in cardiovascular diseases associated with endothelial dysfunction. In clinical studies in adults, L-arginine, an endogenous amino acid, was reported to improve cardiovascular function in hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, preeclampsia, angina, and MELAS (mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes) syndrome. L-citrulline, a natural precursor of L-arginine, is more bioavailable than L-arginine because it avoids hepatic first-pass metabolism and has a longer circulation time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40272-020-00384-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7274894PMC

Adverse Events in Obstetrics: Impacts on Providers and Staff of Maternity Care.

Cureus 2020 Jan 21;12(1):e6732. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

Obstetrics and Gynecology, The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, D.C., USA.

Objective To determine the frequency of maternity health employee experiences with maternal and perinatal/neonatal adverse outcomes and gain a deeper understanding of how these experiences impact the providers.  Design Single-institution observational study from 2016. Setting The George Washington University Hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.6732DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7039370PMC
January 2020

Associations of occupational stress, workplace violence, and organizational support on chronic fatigue syndrome among nurses.

J Adv Nurs 2020 May 24;76(5):1151-1161. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Department of Social Medicine, School of Public Health, China Medical University, Shenyang, China.

Aims: Chronic fatigue syndrome is an agnogenic disease worldwide. Nurses are at a high risk of chronic fatigue syndrome. However, no research has been done to examine the associations of workplace violence, organizational support, and occupational stress with chronic fatigue syndrome among Chinese nurses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jan.14312DOI Listing

NEUROENDOCRINE INSIGHTS INTO BURNOUT SYNDROME.

Authors:
S Trifu

Acta Endocrinol (Buchar) 2019 Jul-Sep;15(3):404-405

"Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy - Neurosciences, Bucharest, Romania.

Debates flow in the medical and psychological field about burnout symptoms: from considering it as a distinct illness, a separate entity or correlated with physiological changes and/or job-related reaction. Seen as a form of depression, the researches are investigating the correlations between various changes in the normal human body functioning, environmental and job lever / implications. The following pages refer to the recent studies of neuroendocrine indicators involved in burnout. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4183/aeb.2019.404DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6992409PMC
February 2020

One-year follow-up study on associations between dental caries, periodontitis, and metabolic syndrome.

J Oral Sci 2020 ;62(1):52-56

Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo.

There have been few prospective studies on the relationship between oral health conditions and the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS). This prospective cohort study was performed at a Japanese company over one year. Routine medical health examinations, oral health examinations, and a questionnaire pertaining to education, job type, and health behaviors was administered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2334/josnusd.18-0251DOI Listing
January 2020

Netherton syndrome previously misdiagnosed as hyper IgE syndrome caused by a probable mutation in SPINK5 C.

Turk J Pediatr 2019 ;61(4):604-607

Medical Genetics Health Science University, Kayseri Training and Research Center, Kayseri, Turkey.

Özyurt K, Atasoy M, Ertaş R, Ulaş Y, Akkuş MR, Kiraz A, Hennies HC. Netherton syndrome previously misdiagnosed as hyper IgE syndrome caused by a probable mutation in SPINK5 C. Turk J Pediatr 2019; 61: 604-607. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24953/turkjped.2019.04.020DOI Listing

Orthognathic Surgical Treatment in a Patient With Hyperimmunoglobulin E Syndrome.

J Craniofac Surg 2020 May/Jun;31(3):e251-e254

Division of Plastic Surgery at Texas Children's Hospital/Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.

Autosomal-dominant hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome (HIES), or Job syndrome, is a rare, multisystem, primary immunodeficiency disorder. Additionally, patients may also suffer from connective tissue, dental, and bone malformations. While current management of HIES is directed at prophylactic antibiotics to prevent infections, there is limited work describing surgical considerations for these patients, particularly with respect to hardware placement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000006187DOI Listing
January 2020

Physician Burnout, Engagement and Career Satisfaction in a Large Academic Medical Practice.

Clin Med Res 2020 Mar 20;18(1):3-10. Epub 2020 Jan 20.

Chief Medical Officer, Massachusetts General Physicians Organization; Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA

Objective: To determine (1) if engagement among physicians impacted plans to stay in current role and job satisfaction, (2) what factors impact engagement and burnout, and (3) the relationship between engagement and burnout. Burnout has been described as a syndrome characterized by depersonalization, emotional exhaustion, and a sense of low personal accomplishment resulting in decreased effectiveness at work. Engagement may be regarded as the antonym to burnout and has been described as a connection to one's work characterized by dedication, vigor, and absorption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3121/cmr.2019.1516DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7153796PMC

The bilaterality of idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome among manual workers.

Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2020 Mar 16;33(2):151-161. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland (Department of Occupational Diseases and Environmental Health).

Objectives: To evaluate: a) the prevalence of bilateral idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in manual workers; b) a correlation between the duration of unilateral and bilateral CTS symptoms; c) a correlation between the onset of CTS symptoms in the unilateral dominant/non-dominant hand and the time of developing bilateral CTS; and d) findings of the nerve conduction study (NCS) in symptomatic and asymptomatic hands of patients with unilateral CTS.

Material And Methods: Clinical and neurophysiological examinations were conducted along with a detailed analysis of job exposure of 332 manual workers admitted to the Occupational Medicine Department, the Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, with suspected occupational CTS. Eventually, 258 patients were excluded from the study: 34 with associated neuropathies and 206 with other conditions potentially associated with CTS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13075/ijomeh.1896.01517DOI Listing