587,302 results match your criteria Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology [Journal]
Eat Behav 2018 Dec 6;32:31-36. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.
Research among Western adult and adolescent males suggests that sociocultural influences are implicated in the drive for muscularity and weight-change behaviors. However, few studies have examined these relationships among adolescent boys from non-Western backgrounds. The current study sought to assess the psychometric properties of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4 (SATAQ-4), a 22-item, 5-factor measure of sociocultural influence on appearance ideals, among Japanese (n = 984) adolescent boys. Read More
Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Suita, Japan.
Objective: The standard treatment of prosthetic paravalvular leakage (PVL) accompanied by heart failure or hemolytic anemia is repeat open surgery. Although favorable outcomes for transcatheter prosthetic PVL closure in patients with a high surgical risk for repeat open surgery have been reported, procedural feasibility has not been examined in Japan.
Methods: From March 2015 to November 2015, transcatheter PVL closure in mitral position was performed in four patients (age range 41-78, three females) with high surgical risk due to history of repeated surgeries, chest radiation and reconstruction of the mitral annulus after debridement of abscess owing to infective endocarditis. Read More
Drugs R D 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Pharmacovigilance, MSD K.K., Tokyo, Japan.
Background: We report on the results of a Japanese postmarketing drug-use survey of suvorexant (Belsomra) tablets.
Methods: A survey with a ≤ 6-month observation period after the start of administration was conducted, targeting insomnia patients who were treated with suvorexant for the first time in Japan. Information on the safety and efficacy of the drug product was collected. Read More
Virchows Arch 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Medical Mycology Research Center, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.
The renal cell carcinomas associated with Xp11 translocations (Xp11 translocation RCCs) harbor gene fusions involving TFE3, a member of the microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MiTF) family. In the present study, we identified a novel partner of TFE3, Ewing sarcoma breakpoint region 1 (EWSR1), in an Xp11 translocation RCC. A 57-year-old Japanese woman without special disease history was referred to us for treatment of an RCC. Read More
Mod Pathol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Division of Pathology, The Cancer Institute; Department of Pathology, The Cancer Institute Hospital, Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Tokyo, 135-8550, Japan.
High-grade tumor budding is an adverse prognostic factor for submucosal invasive (T1) colorectal cancer used to predict the risk for lymph node metastasis in endoscopically resected specimens. Cytokeratin immunohistochemistry is a potential option for evaluating tumor budding. The optimal cut-off value between low- and high-grade budding has not yet been determined, however, and the high inter-observer variability in selecting budding foci remains problematic. Read More
Diabetes 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, Kindai University Faculty of Medicine, Osaka, Japan
The first genome-wide association study of fulminant type 1 diabetes mellitus was performed in Japanese individuals. As previously reported using a candidate gene approach, a strong association was observed with multiple SNPs in the HLA region, and the strongest association was observed with rs9268853 in the class II DR region (P=1.56 x 10, odds ratio [OR] 3. Read More
Respir Investig 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8519, Japan. Electronic address:
Background: Cigarette smoking in patients with asthma leads to poor symptom control. As patients who are current smokers have been excluded from enrollment in many clinical trials on asthma, there are few reports on the treatment in current smokers with asthma. In this study, we aimed to assess how respiratory physicians manage asthma in current smokers in Japan. Read More
Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 9;109:1346-1350. Epub 2018 Nov 9.
Department of Ultrasound, Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, China.
Interleukin 8 (IL-8) is an important pro-inflammatory cytokine that recruits neutrophil to the areas of inflammation and has been implicated in myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI). This study aimed to apply IL-8 targeted myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) to evaluate MIRI in rabbits. MCE imaging with IL-8 targeted microbubbles (MB) and control microbubbles (MB) was performed in 40 Japanese white rabbits after brief proximal left anterior descending (LAD) partial occlusion for 30 min and subsequent reperfusion for 30 min, 60 min, 120 min and 180 min. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 28;270:852-860. Epub 2018 Oct 28.
Department of Psychology, Kawamura Gakuen Women's University, Faculty of Liberal Arts, 1133 Sageto, Abiko-city, Chiba 270-1138, Japan. Electronic address:
Both patients with schizophrenia and with a major depressive disorder (MDD) display deficits in identifying facial expressions of emotion during acute phases of their illness. However, specific deficit patterns have not yet been reliably demonstrated. Tasks that employ emotionally ambiguous stimuli have recently shown distinct deficit patterns in patients with schizophrenia compared to other mental disorders as well as healthy controls. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 25;270:715-719. Epub 2018 Oct 25.
Department of Psychiatry, Yamagata University School of Medicine, 2-2-2 Iidanishi, Yamagata 990-9585, Japan.
Cognitive theory posits the central role of negative core beliefs about the self in cognitive vulnerabilities to depression, and this position is supported by empirical studies. It is also hypothesized that these core beliefs develop as a result of negative interactions with significant others in early life. To test the hypothesis that negative core beliefs about the self are formed by dysfunctional parenting, we examined their relations with perceived parental rearing. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1761-1768
G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2(GRK2) is a ubiquitous member of the family of GRKs that are serine/threonine kinases originally discovered for their role in the process of desensitization of agonist-activated G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). However, emerging evidence suggests that GRK2 can phosphorylate a large number of non-GPCR substrates and interact with a plethora of proteins involved in signaling and trafficking, suggesting that GRK2 would participate in the regulation of diverse cellular responses in a phosphorylation-dependent and -independent manner. Alternations in GRK2 levels and/or activity are demonstrated in an array of relevant cardiovascular, metabolic, inflammatory, or cancer pathologies. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1756-1760
The mind-body inter-relationship of bronchial asthma and its pathological mechanisms have been clarified by the knowledge obtained from basic research studies, such as epide- miological investigations, animal experiments, and brain imaging studies. It is important to take advantage of the knowledge obtained from these researches to clarify the pathology of bronchial asthma and to extend the results to the clinical sphere by developing effective treatments. In the clinical setting, the 'Japanese Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Psychosomatic Diseases' is useful for the assessment and treatment of bronchial asthma accompanied by psychosomatic related problems. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1751-1755
With a chronic disease such as asthma, it is important for patients to be provided with education and skills in order to effectively manage their asthma. Although the principal knowl- edge may be the same, it should be adjusted for individual patient and care should be taken so that patients can be socially and mentally active. The following items should be taught; namely the fact that asthma is a chronic disease that requires long-term management, dif- ferences between relievers and controllers, the usage of inhalers, self-monitoring of symp- toms with a diary and peak flow monitoring, a self-management plan (an action plan to show how to recognize and respond to worsening asthma), and avoidance of environmental allergens. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1747-1750
Bronchial thermoplasty(BT) is a novel therapeutic modality for adult patients with severe asthma. BT is a procedure of applying radio frequency thermal energy to the airways with the goal of ablating the airway smooth muscle and ameliorating airway hypersensitivity. BT improves asthma related quality of life and reduces the rate of asthma exacerbations compared with standard therapy. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1741-1746
In Japan, pediatric asthma is managed based on the Japanese Pediatric Guideline for the Treatment and Management of Asthma 2012 (JPGL 2012). JPGL 2012 also recommends treat- ment and management aimed at complete control through avoiding exacerbation factors and appropriate use of anti-inflammatory drugs. In this review, we describe an overview of the newer treatment options available for treatment and management of pediatric asthma and some topics. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1735-1740
The pathophysiology of childhood asthma has not been clarified compared to that of adults. Airway remodeling has been demonstrated even in younger children. On the other hand, high incidence of remission compared to that in adults has been shown, suggesting a het- erogeneity of childhood asthma. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1729-1734
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are obstructive pulmonary diseases characterized by chronic airway inflammation. Historically, the pathogenesis of the two diseases has been independently studied in mutually exclusive populations. However, the recent recognition of heterogeneity and of the importance of phenotypic classification in both diseases have highlighted the need to pay much attention to subjects with overlapping features of both asthma and COPD: those with asthma-COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS). Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1721-1728
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis(EGPA) is characterized by ANCA-related small vessel vasculitis with granuloma formation and chronic eosinophilic airway inflammation including severe asthma and nasal polyposis. Allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis(ABPM) is characterized by asthma, central bronchiectasis, eosinophilic mucoid impaction, and fungal sensitization. The accurate diagnosis in early stages for these severe type of asthma is very important for good prognosis. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1717-1720
In Japan, eosinophilic inflammations of upper airway, eosinophilic otitis media(EOM) and eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis(ECRS), have been paid attention as intractable disease in recent years. The most common characteristic of EOM is the presence of highly viscous middle ear effusion enriched eosinophils, and EOM carries a high risk of hearing loss. That of ECRS is the nasal polyps with eosinophil dominant infiltration, and ECRS has a high risk of impairment of smell. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1709-1714
In most asthmatic patients, asthma symptoms can be well controlled through the pharmaco- logical interventions using combination with inhaled corticosteroids(ICSs) and/long-acting beta2-agonists(LABA) inhalers. However, there are some severe cases who did not respond to the current asthma therapy. One of topic of development for new asthma drugs is molecular targeting therapy such as anti-Th2-cytokine antibody and chemoattractant recep- tor-homologous molecule expressed on Th2 cells (CRTH2) inhibitors. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1703-1708
Bronchial asthma is a heterogeneous disease characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness, smooth muscle contraction and airway inflammation. Multiple factors such as genetic back- ground and environmental factors are involved in the pathogenesis of asthma. Allergic asthma is a Th2-driven eosinophilic inflammatory disease, in which may cytokines including IL- 4, IL-5, and IL-13 play important roles. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1698-1702
To minimize the risks of perioperative respiratory complications in patients with asthma undergoing general anesthesia, the key is detailed preoperative assessment of asthmatic patients. A patient with a history of frequent exacerbations, aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease, or recent airway infection has a severe risk of perioperative exacerbation. Pre- operative intervention with anti-inflammatory and bronchodilatory medication should be considered if asthma is poorly controlled before surgery. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1683-1687
Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is characterized by the triad of asthma, eosinophilic nasal polyposis and a hypersensitivity to all medications that inhibit the cyclo- oxygenase (COX) -1 enzyme. Clinical history and observed aspirin provocation test remains gold standard for diagnosis of AERD. AERD patients typically have more severe asthma with airflow limitation and greater requirement for high-dose corticosteroid therapies. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1678-1682
Since the induction of inhaled corticosteroids as a first line therapy for asthma, severe intrac- table asthma had been decreased. Nonetheless, a proportion of severe asthma still remains including asthma in the elderly. To date, the reasons of severity in elderly asthma are con- sidered due to decline of pulmonary function and low adherence to the therapy, both of which are associated with aging. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1672-1677
Severe persistent asthma has been defined as being symptomatic every day with distur- bance of daily life. To judge asthma as severe and intractable, besides misdiagnosis, treatment step 4 has been properly done with good adherence, appropriate management of comorbidi- ties, avoidance of risk factors. Management for severe intractable asthma consists of thera- peutic step 4 with adjustment of the dose of sustained release theophylline by a step-wise manner with therapeutic dose monitoring, and selection of ICS or ICS/LABA considering individual state, and selecting intermittent administration of OCS and/or anti-IgE(omali- zumab) or anti-IL-5 (mepolizumab) antibodies after getting informed consent from a patient. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1658-1663
Recent Japanese asthma guideline was published in 2015 (JGL2015). Variability of asthma symptom and airflow limitation was added to its definition. Updated information of pharma- cotherapy in adult asthma was documented. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1650-1657
The points for differential diagnosis of asthma attack and other diseases are as follows. Acute heart failure (image analysis, BNP), hyperventilation syndrome (limbs numbness, low PaCO2), vocal cord dysfunction (stridor in the neck, normal SpO2), COPD exacerbation (smoking history, image analysis), pulmonary thromboembolism (contrasting CT, elevated D-dimer), spontaneous pneumothorax (chest pain, image analysis), large airway disease (inspi- ratory stridor, image analysis). Examinations for diagnosis of bronchial asthma in stable phase are respiratory function tests, increased eosinophils in sputum, FeNO, serum periostin and allergological examination (specific IgE, skin test). Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1634-1639
High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan is a noninvasive technique that might be valuable for evaluating bronchial wall thickening and bronchiectasis as a result of chronic inflammation in patients with severe asthma. HRCT is also useful to diagnose the complications of asthma such as pulmonary emphysema and chronic eosinophilic pneumonia. In addition, HRCT will be able to demonstrate the tracheobronchial and parenchymal abnormality dis- tinctly, with the result that it will be helpful for making differential diagnosis in the patients with wheeze, including allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, bronchial tuberculosis and tracheal tumor. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1628-1633
When diagnosing bronchial asthma, it is necessary to make a comprehensive assessment of the information obtained by interviewing the patient, physical findings, and laboratory findings, while taking into consideration the course of the condition. This is not an easy task unless it is a classic case. On the other hand, based on the information obtained from the patient interview, it is possible to make predictions to some extent and conduct laboratory tests accordingly. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1622-1627
Many genetic and environmental factors associated with bronchial asthma have been investigated. These include disease-related genome, obesity, smoking, and rhinitis. Several susceptibility loci for bronchial asthma were recently identified by genome-wide association study(GWAS). Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1617-1621
Bronchial asthma is a serious global burden affecting 1 to 18 % of people in different countries and the number is increasing. Asthma is characterized by chronic airway inflam- mation, which leads to symptoms of wheeze, shortness of breath, chest tightness due to airflow limitation. Symptoms and degree of airflow limitation change over time, however usually persist. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1609-1614
Asthma prevention and management guidelines (JGL) 2015 were published by the Japanese Society of Allergology. In the JGL2015, asthma is characterized by chronic airway inflam- mation and symptoms, such as wheeze and cough, that vary over time as also described in Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) 2015. Concerning the pharmacotherapy for asthma, medications are divided into 2:types, such as controller agents used continuously for long-term management (controllers) and reliever agents used for a short period to treat asthma symptoms(relievers) in both the JGL2015 and GINA2015. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1603-1608
In Japan, asthma prevalence is 8-14 % in children aged 0-14 years in 2008, 9-10 % in adults aged 15 and over in 2006-2007. Asthma prevalence does not change more than the past 10 years or tends to fall in children, but is increasing in adults. The number of patients with asthma was 1,177,000 in 2014; however, it is thought there are a lot more patients who are not visiting medical facilities. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Nov;74(11):1917-1924
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous gammaherpesvirus that is associated with a variety of malignancies. Chronic active virus infection (CAEBV) is an EBV-associated T or NK cell lymphoproliferative diseases that occur most often in children and young adults in East Asia. It is still not known why this ubiquitous virus causes CAEBV in certain individuals. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Nov;74(11):1909-1916
Previous data shows that colorectal serrated lesions are precursor of carcinogenesis. It has been advancing even molecular biological analysis, SSA/P become microsatellite instability (MSI) positive colon cancers and TSA become microsatellite stable (MSS) positive colon cancers. It is observed that redness and double elevation in conventional endoscopy, CP type II (Sano classification) in the NBI endoscopy, type III pit pattern in magnifying endoscopy, if SSA/P have cytological dysplastic change. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Nov;74(11):1903-1908
The concept of optimal surgery for colorectal cancer in Japan includes D3 dissection, which preserves the mesocolic plane by sharp dissection off the parietal plane, with central vascular ligation. In recent 25 years, laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancers has been widespread, and Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery(JSES) demonstrated that a penetration rate of laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer was 58 % in 2013. To evaluate long and short-term outcomes of laparoscopic D3 resection for stage Il/III colorectal cancer, a randomized con- trolled trial was conducted in Japan (JCOG0404). Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Nov;74(11):1895-1901
Implementation of screening programs aimed at early detection of colorectal cancer is essen- tial to reduce incidence and mortality rates. Current screening and diagnostic methods range from semi-invasive procedures such as colonoscopy to noninvasive stool-based tests. On the other hands, with the development of new sensitive molecular techniques, colorectal cancer initiation and progression have been known to control by both genetic and epigenetic events, which can be used for the development of novel, minimally invasive molecular bio- markers. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Nov;74(11):1889-1894
Despite the recent advancement of the treatment including endoscopic resection, surgery, and systemic chemotherapy, mortality rate of colorectal cancer(CRC) has been increasing in Japan. Therefore, the strategy for CRC should be focused to both the early diagnosis by efficient screening and prevention. The screening using fecal occult blood test and subsequent total colonoscopy has been recognized as a gold standard of CRC screening, however, the checkup rate of these examinations is still very low in Japan. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Nov;74(11):1884-1888
Active cancer therapy consists of surgery, radiation and chemotherapy. The meaning of palliative cancer care have been changed from end-of-life care to accomplishment of better QOL of cancer patients and their family from the period of diagnosis and early treatment. Palliative medicine as active cancer therapy support includes not only supportive care for the adverse events of active cancer therapy but also shared decision making with patients and family. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Nov;74(11):1879-1883
Colon stent self-expanding metallic stents(SEMS) are useful for obstructive colorectal cancers (CRC). SEMS placement has indicated in the palliation of malignant colorectal obstruc- tion, and bridge to elective surgery for resectable colorectal cancers. SEMS can reduce the risk of early complications, mortality, stoma creation rate, and shorten hospital stay. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Nov;74(11):1872-1876
Conversion therapy to surgical resection is associated with prolonged survival and even cure in patients with unresectable or borderline metastatic colorectal cancer(mCRC). The indication should be decided after close considerations to the patient's background and the mutation status of RAS/BRAF. The conversion strategy should be chosen especially for liver limited disease (LLD). Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Nov;74(11):1863-1871
Approximately one-third of patients survive for 5 years following curative resection of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer, and the proportion of hepatectomy-related death is as low as 1-2 %. These observations strongly support the view that hepatectomy seems to be the most effective therapy for treating hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer, due to the potential for long-term survival that is not possible with other treatment modalities. However, a hepatectomy alone does not always provide a complete cure. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Nov;74(11):1857-1862
Preoperative chemoradiotherapy for rectal cancer is now widely performed and has been validated by multiple randomized controlled trials to be oncologically effective. The most important benefit of chemoradiotherapy is reduction of local recurrence. Potential benefits include increased sphincter preservation in good responders, and further organ preservation by non-operative management in patients with complete clinical response. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Nov;74(11):1852-1856
In the last decade unprecedented advances have been seen in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer(mCRC). Clinical developments of many active agents have contributed to this great progress in the prognosis of mCRC. Recently, new active agents and combination chemotherapies have been developed and reported promising results for HER2 positive, BRAF mutant, and MSI-High mCRC patients. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Nov;74(11):1847-1851
Irinotecan is a camptothecin analog used worldwide for a broad range of solid tumors, including colorectal cancer. It can cause severe adverse drug reactions, such as neutropenia or diarrhea. Recent pharmacogenetic studies on irinotecan have revealed the impact of UGT1A1 polymorphisms on severe adverse effects. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Nov;74(11):1842-1846
Surgical resection of resectable pulmonary metastasis from colorectal cancer(PM-CRC) has been widely performed and considered to be the primary treatment modality. We re- viewed the recent literatures on metastasectomy of PM-CRC and summarized the long-term survival data and prognostic factors after metastasectomy of PM-CRC. Although many prog- nostic factors have been reported, recent major studies and meta-analysis suggested that the following 4 indicators were promising prognostic factors: (1) number of metastasis, (2) disease-free interval, (3) preoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen(CEA) level, and (4) hilar/mediastinal nodal status. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Nov;74(11):1835-1841
Surgical resection is the only potentially curative treatment for colorectal liver metastases (CLM). Although long-term survival after resection of CLM, with a 5-year overall survival of more than 50 %, has been reported recently, high recurrence rate up to 80 % with a short interval after resection still remains the key problem of CLM treatment. Several clinicopa- thological prognostic risk factors after resection of CLM has been reported, such as short disease free interval, primary nodal status, number and size of CLM, preoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen level, etc. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Nov;74(11):1823-1827
In this report, we reviewed risk factors for lymph node metastasis in colorectal T1 (SM) carcinoma in relation to the chronological trend of the management of T1 colorectal carci- noma after endoscopic treatment. Recently according to the accumulation of many cases and detailed pathologic evaluation, after complete endoscopic en bloc resection, if below all conditions are satisfied in histological examination, 1) submucosal invasion depth: less than 1,000 pm, 2)histologic grade: favorable, 3)no vessel involvement and 4)budding grade: low, it shows very low risk of lymph node metastasis. Also, in this report, we assess the conditions for additional surgery after endoscopic resection based on the risk stratification of lymph node metastasis. Read More