8,534 results match your criteria JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association[Journal]


Management of Swine Flu: New Approaches - Letter To Editor.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):607

Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
1 Read

An uprising threat in the Pakistani society - the HIV outbreak - Letter To Editor.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):606

Dow Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
1 Read

Burns Awareness Day - Letter To Editors.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):605

Dow Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Vitamin D Receptor Polymorphism and Male Factor Infertility - Letter To Editor.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):603-604

Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Aga Khan University Karachi, Pakistan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
1 Read

Comment on Lubna Kanwal Dar et al ( J Pak Med Assoc 2018; 68: 1776-81) Traumatic experiences and dissociation in patients with conversion disorder.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):601

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh Saudi Arabia 11525.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Appearances of soft tissue calcification on Tc99m MDP bone scan.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):600

Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Lahore, Pakistan.

Metastatic calcification relates to abnormal calcification resulting from hypercalcaemia in otherwise normal tissues. Hypercalcaemia can occur secondary to chronic renal failure, hyperparathyroidism, hypervitaminosis D, and metastatic neoplasms. Specific symptoms are often lacking, but calcification may be a marker of disease severity and its chronicity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Role of Surgery in Spinal Metastases.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):598-599

Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

Spinal metastases constitute two-third of all cases of bone metastases. Surgical intervention in these tumours has been recommended in highly selective cases, for confirming diagnosis, stabilizing the spine, and decompressing nerves or spinal cord for alleviation of pain and preservation of function.In this article,the authors have reviewed available evidence on role of surgery in spinal metastases and have presented results of selected papers on this vast topic. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
1 Read

Sweet Cravings in Diabetes: Desserts that are not so Sinful.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):595-597

Department of Endocrinology, Bharti Hospital, Karnal, India.

Desserts form an important and integral part of South East Asian cuisines and are often associated with festive eating and celebrations. Since most desserts are high in caloric content and contain refined carbohydrates and saturated or trans-fats, their consumption poses obvious challenges in diabetic individuals. Meals should not only meet the biological needs of an individual but should also be palatable, appealing and retain their hedonistic aspects of taste, smell and visual appeal. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
1 Read

Pre ketogenic diet counselling.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):592-594

Department of Gynaecology, Bharti Hospital, Karnal, India.

This communication describes the aims and aspects of counseling prior to start of a ketogenic diet (KD). It uses a reader-friendly bio-psycho-social format to list and structure the various components of pre ketogenic diet counseling. These include strength mapping, risk and benefit explanation, and understanding the patient's selfcare responsibilities. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
1 Read

Etiology and outcome of pulmonary renal syndrome: Retrospective study from a tertiary care hospitaln.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):588-591

Aga Khan University, KARACHI, PAKISTAN.

To determine the aetiology, clinical characteristics and outcome of patients admitted with pulmonary renal syndrome (PRS). This retrospective analysis was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital from 2011 to 2015. A total of 17 adult patients admitted with PRS were included and followed up for a period of one year for the outcome of PRS as recovery, dialysis dependency or death. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
2 Reads

Overcoming the Immunological Barrier in Highly HLA Sensitized Renal Transplant Recipients - A Desensitization Experience from a Transplant Center in Pakistan.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):584-587

Department of Nephrology, Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad.

Highly Human Leukocyte antigen sensitized patients have relatively fewer chances of being transplanted successfully and may remain dialysis dependent for a long time. In the last few years with the development of immunomodulatory therapies and advancements in immunological investigations, the chance s of transplantation in these sensitized patients have improved. Desensitization therapies in these patients include plasma exchange, intravenous immune globulins and immunomodulatory agents such as rituximab and bortezomib. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Adenocarcinoma of ileum: a case report.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):580-583

Kulsumbai Valika Social Security S.I.T.E. Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

Small bowel cancers are a rare group of cancers of the gastrointestinal tract. Adenocarcinoma of ileum is an even rarer pathology to come across. We had a case of small bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA) who presented with recurrent abdominal pain and vomiting to different local hospitals. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
1 Read

Women's preferences and factors influencing their obstetric care service utilization in rural Sindh: A Cross sectional Study.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):576-579

Health Services Academy Islamabad.

The objective of this study was to explore women's preferences and factors influencing the obstetric services in a rural setting of Sindh Province. This cross sectional study was conducted on 100 women who were interviewed by using a validated questionnaire. The women who had given birth during the year preceding the study were eligible for inclusion in the study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Identification of stressors and Perceptional difference of stress in first and final year Doctor of Physical Therapy students; a comparative study.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):572-575

Bahria University Medical and Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan.

The aim of the study is to identify the main causes of stress and to identify the perception difference of stress in first and final year DPT students Students in universities can experience stress in balancing the different demands on them - academic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and professional or work related. A comparative Cross-sectional study was conducted using self-administered questionnaires including socio demographics A total of 177 university students (first year 109 & final year 68 students) were included in the period March, to September 2015 in a private medical college Islamabad. Significantly valid tool (The Medical Student Stressor Questionnaire) (MSSQ) was used to measure the stress level. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Evaluation of chromosomal abnormalities and Y chromosome microdeletion in infertile males of 10 families.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):567-571

Khyber Medical University, Peshawar.

This study was designed to investigate the hormonal, seminal changes and chromosomal aberrations in cases of male infertility. A total of ten infertile families from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa of Pakistan were included in the study. The families were clinically evaluated by standard criteria; diagnosis of azoospermic and oligospermic males was confirmed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Association of breast feeding positioning with musculoskeletal pain in post partum mothers of Rawalpindi and Islamabad.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):564-566

Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences (FUIRS), Foundation University Islamabad.

During breastfeeding, lactating mothers adopt different positions that can cause musculoskeletal problems. The purpose of this study was to determine common breastfeeding positions and musculoskeletal problems in our population and the association between them. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted on 400 breast feeding mothers from hospitals, universities and community of Rawalpindi and Islamabad using a self structured questionnaire. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
1 Read

Expert Opinion: Use of sodium glucose co-transporter type-2 inhibitors in South Asian population -The Pakistan perspective.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):555-563

National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases Karachi, Pakistan.

Sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2 inhibitors (SGLT 2- i)are increasingly being used in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). With the novel insulinindependent glycosuric action, these agents help to attain glycaemic goals by lowering HbA1c and fasting blood glucose. In addition, these agents improve metabolic control in diabetes and ameliorate comorbidities like obesity and hyper tension. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
6 Reads

Effect of simulation based education for learning in Medical Students: A mixed study method.

Authors:
Sajida Agha

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):545-554

King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

This mixed method study was planned to assess the medical students' experience with simulation-based learning and to identify the issues associated with the application of simulation-based education for experiential learning. Quantitative and qualitative data was collected respectively through a structured questionnaire answered by 145 undergraduate medical students and focus group interviews with six internees who experienced and practised clinical skills with simulators during academic years at King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between March and April 2017. Although overall respondents were satisfied with simulation-based education, lower satisfaction was identified in areas of available facilities, allocated time for skill labs and debriefing sessions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
1 Read

Social Media and Ethos of Medical Practice.

Authors:
Muhammad Fayyaz

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):541-544

Army Medical Corps, Alumnus of Centre of Biomedical Ethics and Culture (CBEC), SIUT Karachi, Pakistan.

Social media is an undeniable reality in our lives. The professional use of social media is increasing with every passing day. It has provided new avenues of service delivery in individual and hospital practices. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
1 Read

Gastrointestinal and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours and carcinomas; a review of rare tumour type.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):533-540

Dow Institute of Radiology, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan.

Neuroendocrine tumours are a rare tumour type involving neuroectodermal cells. They are also termed carcinoids. Gastroenteropancreatic system is most commonly involved. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Knowledge and perceptions about Pre-diabetes amongst doctors, medical students, and patients in a tertiary care hospital of Islamabad.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):527-532

Shifa College of Medicine, Shifa Tameer e Millat University, Islamabad.

Objective: To explore the knowledge and perceptions about pre-diabetes screening and management amongst physicians, final year medical students, and patients.

Methods: The cross-sectional observational study was conducted at Shifa International Hospital, Shifa Foundation Clinic and Shifa College of Medicine, Islamabad, Pakistan, from November 2017 to February 2018. A structured questionnaire was used to assess doctors' and final year medical students' knowledge about screening and management of pre-diabetes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
1 Read

Self-Medication Phenomenon; A Population Based Study from Lahore.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):523-526

Azra Naheed Medical College, The Superior University Lahore, Pakistan.

Objective: To study the reasons of self-medication in rural and urban population..

Methods: The cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in Lahore, Pakistan, from March to August 2017, and comprised inhabitants of rural and urban areas of the city regardless of gender and aged 18-50 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
2 Reads

Developing and validating a questionnaire to Measure Ethical Sensitivity of Freshly Graduated Dentists.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):518-522

Medical Education, Institute of Health Professions Education and Research, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Objective: To develop an instrument for assessing the ethical sensitivity of freshly graduated dentists..

Methods: This instrument development study was done at Sardar Begum Dental College, Peshawar, Pakistan, from September 2014 to April 2015. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
1 Read

Electrochemical corrosion and bacterial adhesion study of Two Osteosynthetic Maxillofacial Bone Plates.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):514-517

School of Chemical & Material Engineering, National University of Science and Technology (NUST), PAKISTAN.

Objective: To evaluate the novel locally manufactured osteosynthetic titanium bone mini plates used for mandibular fracture fixation, and to compare it with an international brand to have an alternative to expensive plates.

Methods: The study was conducted at National University of Science and Technology from Jan 2013 to June 2013. Local and German brands of osteosynthetic titanium bone mini plates were studied electrochemically through Tafel extrapolation curves using Gamry® electrochemical framework in modified simulated body fluid prepared with pH 7. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Retrospective Study of Patients with Hyperphenylalaninemia- Experience from a Tertiary Care Center in Pakistan.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):509-513

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Karachi.

Objective: To assess the clinical and biochemical features as well as outcome of hyperphenylalaninemia patients.

Methods: The descriptive retrospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised data from January 2013 to February 2017 of plasma amino acid analysed at the Biochemical Genetic Laboratory of patients with phenylalanine levels >120 umol/L. Medical charts of patients registered with the Metabolic Clinics were reviewed, while outside referrals were contacted by telephone to collect data on a pre-structured questionnaire. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
1 Read

Correlation of arsenic level in drinking water and hair of male respondents of district Sheikhupura.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):499-503

Lahore College For Women University, Lahore, Pakistan.

Objective: To find out the correlation between arsenic concentration in drinking water and biological samples of young male respondents.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan, from March 2013 to February 2015, and comprised biological samples i.e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Plasma surfactant Protein-D levels in healthy subjects and COPD patients.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):494-498

University of Health Sciences, Lahore.

Objective: To compare plasma surfactant protein-D levels in healthy smokers and Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients.

Methods: The comparative study was conducted at the University of Health Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan, from January to December 2015, and comprised chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients and healthy smokers of either gender aged 40-80 years. Plasma surfactant protein-D levels of male and female subjects were estimated and compared with lung function and tobacco exposure. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
1 Read

Recent Trend in Specialty Choices of Medical Students and House Officers from Public Sector Medical Universities, Karachi.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):489-494

Final Year MBBS, DMC, DUHS, Karachi.

Objective: To determine career choices of medical students of public-sector medical universities and factors affecting their career choices.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at Dow University of Health Sciences and Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, from May 2015 to May 2016, and comprised 4th and 5th year medical students and house officers. A self-administrated structured questionnaire was used to collect data which was entered and analysed using SPSS 20. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
1 Read

Assessment of red cell distribution width, glycaemic control and diabetes related complications - the ARDENT Study.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):483-488

Post Graduate Trainee, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University/Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad.

Objective: To assess the association of red cell distribution width with glycaemic control and the presence of complications in diabetes patients.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was done at the Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan, from September to November 2017, and comprised patients with type 2 diabetes. Clinical and demographical characteristics were documented and they were subjected to complete blood count, red cell distribution width, glycated haemoglobin, fasting and random blood glucose, lipid profile, urea and creatinine. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
1 Read

Effect of Positioning on Tonic Labyrinthine Reflex in Cerebral Palsy: A Single-centre Study from Lahore.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):478-482

University Institute Of Physical Therapy, University of Lahore.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of positioning on tonic labyrinthine reflex in children with cerebral palsy.

Methods: The quasi-experimental study was conducted at the Institute of Psychological Services and Physical Rehabilitation, Lahore, from July 2016 to June 2017, and comprised children with spastic and athetoid cerebral palsy aged six months to three years. Gross Motor Functional Classification Scale level V was taken as baseline measure. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Morphometric features of Linea aspera on dry femur bones.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):474-477

Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi.

Objective: To observe and describe the features of line a aspera in dry femurs.

Methods: The prospective observational study was conducted from October to December 2017 at Darul Sehat Hospital, Karachi, and comprised dry femurs. Data was collected by trained medical students. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
1 Read
0.403 Impact Factor

Raised levels of IFN-gamma and IL-13 are associated with pre-diabetes amongst newly diagnosed patients with Tuberculosis.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):468-473

Indus Hospital, Karachi.

Objective: To investigate pre-diabetes and diabetes in newly-diagnosed tuberculosis patients and to assess the association of serum cytokine levels with diabetes status.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at Indus Hospital and The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi from May to November 2015, and included patients of either gender aged 18 years or more with a confirmed diagnosis of tuberculosis who were either newly diagnosed or had received up to 1 month of anti-tuberculosis therapy were included. Patients were enrolled from among those presenting to the clinics at Indus Hospital, Karachi, and the Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH), Karachi. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
2 Reads

Prevalence of refractive errors; an evidence from the public high schools of Lahore, Pakistan.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):464-467

Azra Naheed Medical College, The Superior University Lahore.

Objective: To assess the magnitude of refractive errors among high school children.

Methods: The cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted from April to August 2017 in four public-sector high schools in Lahore, Pakistan. Using multistage simple random sampling, all public sector high schools of the city were initially included. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
2 Reads
0.403 Impact Factor

The clinical effect of classical music and lullaby on term babies in neonatal intensive care unit: A randomised controlled trial.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):459-463

Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara University, TURKEY.

Objective: To investigate the effect of music during routine nursing care on full-term newborns physiological measurements, hospital stay and stress symptoms.

Methods: The randomised controlled trial was conducted at the Level II neonatal intensive care unit of a state hospital in Turkey from November 2014 to August 2015, and comprised full-term newborns. Three groups were formed by simple randomisation according to babies' Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology with Perinatal Extension-II; classical music, lullaby, and a control group. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
2 Reads

Ensuring patient safety through risk management in Pakistan healthcare setting.

Authors:
Ali Yawar Alam

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):457-548

Regional Accreditation Coordinator & Director Project Management Office.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2019
1 Read

Teething gels: are they worse than we think? - LETTER TO THE EDITOR.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Mar;69(3):455-456

Dow Medical College, DUHS, Karachi.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Microbiological safety of areca nut-containing, ready-to-eat chewing substances common among Pakistani paediatric population: A pilot study.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Mar;69(3):450-454

Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan.

Objective: To evaluate microbiological contamination of areca nut-containing, ready-to-eat chewing substances easily accessible to vulnerable paediatric population.

Methods: A pilot study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Medical College from June to October 2016 on twelve samples of areca nut-containing chewing substances (four supari, paan masala and gutka each) collected from various localities of Karachi. These were evaluated individually for total colony counts, hygiene indicator organisms, pathogenic organisms, and levels of aflatoxin. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Longer trinucleotide repeats of androgen Receptor Gene: Infertility in males.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Mar;69(3):446-447

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Tuberous Sclerosis.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Mar;69(3):445

Department of Radiology, Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Lahore, Pakistan.

Tuberous sclerosis is a rare genetic disorder inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion. It is a multisystem disorder involving brain, eye, skin, kidney and lungs which manifest in late childhood. We present a typical case of tuberous sclerosis in a young female patient. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
March 2019
6 Reads

Choice of therapeutic anti-seizure medication in patients with brain tumour.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Mar;69(3):442-444

Department of Surgery, Section of Neurosurgery, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. Pakistan.

Seizures are common in patients with brain tumours, even though prophylactic anti-seizure treatment for all patients with brain tumours is not recommended. Newer anti-epileptic drugs have shown benefits that outweigh the side effects of treatment and can also be given in combination with traditional anti-epileptic drugs. The authors have reviewed the literature on the various combinations of anti-epileptics in patients with seizures and brain tumours. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
March 2019
1 Read
0.403 Impact Factor

Smile: saluto-metabolic interventions for life enhancement.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Mar;69(3):440-441

Department of medicine , Harsh multispeciality hospital , Muzaffarnagar, India.

The article highlights the need to follow a multifactorial, comprehensive approach while managing diabetes. Apart from glycaemic control, blood pressure, lipid, weight and platelet management are equally important if one is to ensure optimal therapeutic outcomes. The mnemonic SMILE (salute-metabolic interventions for life enhancement) includes all evidence-based therapies which help in improving metabolic health, and in preventing morbidity and mortality. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
March 2019
4 Reads

Atrial fibillation in diabetes: Need for cardiovigilance.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Mar;69(3):437-439

Department of Endocrinology, Apex Hospital, Rohtak, India.

Atrial fibrillation (AF), the commonest arrhythmia in clinical practice, is also the commonest arrhythmia for which hospitalization is required. AF is associated with a 5 fold increase in stroke, a 2 fold increase in all-cause mortality, and a higher risk of heart failure. Hence, it is imperative to focus on the risk factors and clinical features of this condition, so that it can be prevented and managed in a timely manner. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Inherited metabolic disorders presenting as hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy: A case series of patients presenting at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Mar;69(3):432-436

Department of Paediatrics & Child Health, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi.

In spite of the efforts and interventions by the Government of Pakistan and The World Health Organization, the neonatal mortality in Pakistan has declined by only 0.9% as compared to the global average decline of 2.1% between 2000 and 2010. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
March 2019
4 Reads
0.403 Impact Factor

Frequency of anxiety and depression in patients of urtolithiasis undergoing Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy in Diyarbakir, Turkey.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Mar;69(3):426-431

Department of Anesthesiology, Diyarbakir State Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey.

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) can cause depression and anxiety for patients with urolithiasis. We evaluated the frequency of anxiety and depression in patients of urolithiasis undergoing ESWL. Thirty patients scheduled for ESWL were enrolled in Diyarbakir State Hospital, Turkey. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
March 2019
1 Read