742 results match your criteria Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine [Journal]


The Cavan-Monaghan First Episode Psychosis Study (CAMFEPS): arbitrary diagnostic boundaries across the gene-environment interface and within evolving models of care.

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Apr 12:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Cavan-Monaghan Mental Health Service,Cavan General Hospital,Cavan,Ireland.

As research into psychotic illness evolves along established lines, insights are emerging that deviate from those lines and challenge more fundamentally our understanding. On the background of a new generation of studies on first-episode psychosis, investigations across the gene-environment interface and the intersection with 'normal' human mentation heighten these concerns. Using findings from the Cavan-Monaghan First Episode Psychosis Study (CAMFEPS) as an exemplar, we here review the complexity of these challenges from the perspective of this real-world setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2019.11DOI Listing

Managing polyuria during lithium treatment: a preliminary prospective observational study.

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Apr 10:1-8. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Psychiatry, Trinity Centre for Health Sciences,Tallaght University Hospital,Dublin 24,Ireland.

Objectives: Lithium-treated patients with polyuria are at increased risk of lithium toxicity. We aimed to describe the clinical benefits and risks of different management strategies for polyuria in community lithium-treated patients.

Methods: This is a naturalistic, observational, prospective 12-month cohort study of lithium-treated patients with polyuria attending a community mental health service in Dublin, Ireland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2019.9DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Home-based treatment, vulnerable populations and ethics in psychiatry.

Authors:
K Glynn J Lyne

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Mar;36(1):1-2

2Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland,North Dublin Mental Health Services,Ashlin Centre,Beaumont Road, Dublin 9,Ireland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2019.6DOI Listing

A survey of mental disorder in the long-term, rough sleeping, homeless population of inner Dublin.

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Mar;36(1):19-22

2ACCES,Dublin,Ireland.

Objectives: Homelessness causes huge distress to a vulnerable population and great concern to wider society. The aim of this study was to reflect the prevalence of mental disorder within a subset of the homeless population in Dublin.

Method: Long-term rough sleepers in Dublin were identified by the relevant non-statutory agency (Dublin Simon Community's Rough Sleepers Team). Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S079096671
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.23DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Reply to Drs Hubberling and Bertram's Letter to the Editor.

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Mar;36(1):77

Department of Psychiatry,Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland,RCSI Education and Research Centre,Beaumont,Dublin 9,Ireland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.22DOI Listing

Letter to the Editor.

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Mar;36(1):79

2Wandsworth Crisis and Home Treatment Team,South West London and St. George's Mental Health NHS Trust,London,UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.21DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

The prevalence of major mental illness, substance misuse and homelessness in Irish prisoners: systematic review and meta-analyses.

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Mar;36(1):35-45

1Graduate Entry Medical School,University of Limerick,Limerick,Ireland.

AimsTo systematically review studies from Irish prisons that estimate the prevalence of major mental illness, alcohol and substance misuse, and homelessness at the time of committal.

Methods: Healthcare databases were searched for studies quantifying the point prevalence for each outcome of interest. Searches were augmented by scanning of bibliographies and searches of governmental and non-governmental websites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.15DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Home treatment services for acute mental disorders: an all-Ireland survey.

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Mar;36(1):7-17

2Department of Psychiatry,Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, RCSI Education and Research Centre,Beaumont,Dublin,Ireland.

Objectives: To determine the distribution, functioning and perceived impact of home-based treatment (HBT) teams for acute mental disorders on the island of Ireland.

Methods: A 28-item questionnaire exploring the structure, staffing and operation of HBT teams was emailed to all clinical directors of mental health services in Ireland (n=26) and Northern Ireland (NI) (n=5). Quantitative data was analysed using the Survey Monkey package, while free-text responses to open questions were analysed for thematic content. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.83DOI Listing

Home-based crisis team in North Cork service description and patient-related outcomes.

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Mar;36(1):29-33

3North Cork Catchment Area (HSE),St Stephens Psychiatric Hospital,Cork,Ireland.

Objective: Home-based crisis team (HBCT) in North Cork was established in 2013 to provide short term, intensive home treatment to people who are experiencing acute mental health problems, with the aim of averting hospital admission wherever possible or supporting patients discharged from hospital.

Methods: A retrospective descriptive study design was adopted to describe the activities of the North Cork HBCT over a 1 year period. Data were analysed using R version 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.79DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Culturomics and the history of psychiatry: testing the Google Ngram method.

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Mar;36(1):23-27

2Department of Psychiatry,Trinity College Dublin,Trinity Centre for Health Sciences,Tallaght Hospital,Dublin,Ireland.

Objectives: Culturomics is the study of behaviour and culture through quantitative analysis of digitised text. We aimed to apply a modern technique in this field to examine trends related to the history of psychiatry. In doing so, we aimed to explore the nature of the Google Ngram methodology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.37DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Letter to the Editor.

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Mar 25:1-2. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

School of Medicine, Clinical Science Institute, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2019.2DOI Listing

Letter to the Editor.

Authors:
Richard Duffy

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Mar 14:1-2. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Psychiatry,Trinity College Dublin,Trinity Centre for Health Sciences,Tallaght Hospital,Dublin,D24

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2019.1DOI Listing

Attaining the age threshold for adolescent mental health services: factors associated with transition of care in the independent sector in Ireland.

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Mar 11:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

1Department of Psychiatry, St. Patrick's Mental Health Services, Dublin,Ireland.

Objectives: The transition from adolescent to adult mental health services (AMHS) is associated with disengagement, poor continuity of care and patient dissatisfaction. The aim of this retrospective and descriptive study was to describe the 'care pathways' in an independent mental health service when adolescents reach age 18 and to investigate the level of engagement of those who transitioned to independent AMHS.

Methods: This is a retrospective, naturalistic and descriptive study in design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2019.8DOI Listing

National Clinical Lead for the Assessment and Management of Patients presenting to the Emergency Department following Self-Harm.

Authors:
A Jeffers

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Mar 11:1-2. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Clinical Programmes and Strategy Division, Health Service Executive, DR Steevens' Hospital, Dublin

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.51DOI Listing

Measuring the performance of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) in a primary care youth mental health service.

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Feb 26:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

1The National Centre for Youth Mental Health,Ireland.

Objectives: Mental health is regarded as more than the absence of mental health difficulties, with clinical and research focus moving towards measurement of well-being. The Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) was developed to assess overall and emotional, social and psychological well-being. Little is known about the use of the MHC-SF with young people engaging with mental health services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.55DOI Listing
February 2019

Psychopathology and early life stress in migrant youths: an analysis of the 'Growing up in Ireland' study.

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Feb 15:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

2Department of Psychiatry,Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland,Dublin,Ireland.

Objectives: Migrant youths endure many challenges. Such challenges can be stressful and lead to psychological difficulties. We investigated the relationship between migration, psychopathology and stressful events in children and adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.53DOI Listing
February 2019

A case of mistaken diagnoses: diagnostic and management challenges in a case of adult autism spectrum disorder.

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Feb 14:1-4. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

2College Health Centre,Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is frequently identified in children but is often unrecognised in adults. ASD is characterised by difficulties in social interaction, communication and restricted interests, but other presentations are common, especially in adults. This report describes a 34-year-old man with a history of multiple psychiatric diagnoses including generalised anxiety disorder, major depressive disorder and panic disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2019.3DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The wellness era: has it been good or bad for psychiatry?

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Jan 10:1-2. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

School of Medicine,University College CorkBrookfield Health Sciences Complex, College Road,

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S079096671
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.52DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Hidden addictions, improving eating disorder services and overcoming challenges in autism spectrum disorders.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 12;35(4):267

2Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland and North Dublin Mental Health Services,Ashlin Centre,Beaumont Road,Dublin 9,Ireland.

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S079096671
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.42DOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

The gambling control bill: time for action.

Authors:
Colin O'Gara

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 12;35(4):269-271

1Saint John of God Hospital, Stillorgan,Co. Dublin,Ireland.

A modern regulatory framework for gambling in Ireland is urgently required. The Gambling Control Bill of 2013 represents a decent starting point in developing player protection and much needed treatment services and research facilities for Gambling Disorder. The drafting and enactment of the Gambling Control Bill of 2013 appears to have slipped from legislative priority. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.77DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Medline indexing success and future directions for Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine.

Authors:
John Lyne

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 12;35(4):273-274

Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland and North Dublin Mental Health Services,Ashlin Centre,Beaumont Road,Dublin 9,Ireland.

Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine (IJPM) was recently accepted for indexing on Medline. This reflects the high scientific quality of articles published in the journal and highlights the excellent work by publishers, authors, reviewers and the journal editorial board who have contributed to the journal's development over many years. IJPM remains committed to further progression through constant innovation and maintaining the excellent standard of publishing to date. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.43DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

A national survey of online gambling behaviours.

Authors:
D Columb C O'Gara

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 12;35(4):311-319

2Addictions Department,St John of Gods Hospital,Stillorgan,Co Dublin,Ireland; UCD School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to look at an Irish population in relation to the online gambling activities people are engaging with, the reasons for gambling online, their attitudes to online gambling and the financial/mental health consequences of online gambling.

Methods: The outline for this study was adapted from a study by McCormack et al. (2014) in relation to online gambling, with the aim of replicating this study in an Irish population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.64DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Telepsychiatry in Asperger's syndrome.

Authors:
C S Clarke

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 12;35(4):325-328

1Department of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry,Child & Adolescent Mental Health Service,Dublin,Ireland.

Background: Internet technology offers psychiatrists new opportunities for remote interaction with patients. It also raises issues regarding therapeutic effectiveness, safety, technical problems and possibilities for overcoming them, and matters related to specific mental health problems such as autism. The case presented concerns an adolescent male with severe social impairment and isolation as manifestations of Aspergers syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.19DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Letter to the Editor.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 12;35(4):345-346

3Limerick Prison,Limerick,Ireland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.31DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Eating disorder services for young people in Ireland: perspectives of service providers, service users and the general adolescent population.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 12;35(4):301-309

1School of Medicine,University College Dublin,Belfield,Dublin 4,Ireland.

Objectives: This paper illuminates how national eating disorder (ED) policy translates into day-to-day practice by exploring how ED services are experienced by those who deliver and use them.

Methods: A mixed-methods approach was used, which combined qualitative and quantitative techniques. The paper collates data from three studies: (i) an interview study exploring the lived experiences of young people with EDs (n=8), their parents (n=5) and their healthcare professionals (n=3); (ii) a national survey of health professionals' perspectives on existing ED services (n=171); (iii) a nationwide survey of secondary-school students' eating concerns and patterns of help-seeking (n=290). Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S079096671
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2015.66DOI Listing
December 2018
18 Reads

'Codeine is my companion': misuse and dependence on codeine containing medicines in Ireland.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 12;35(4):275-288

1School of Health Sciences,Waterford Institute of Technology,Waterford,Ireland.

Objectives: Global concern around over the counter availability of codeine containing products and risk of misuse, dependence and related harms are evident. A phenomenological study of lived experiences of codeine misuse and dependence was undertaken in Ireland, following the Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland's 2010 guidelines for restricted supply of non-prescription codeine containing products.

Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of adult codeine misusers and dependents (n=21), both actively using, in treatment and in recovery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2015.60DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

How do we compare with best practice? A completed audit of benzodiazepine and z-hypnotic prescribing.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 12;35(4):321-324

3Jonathan Swift Clinic,St James's Hospital,James's Street,Dublin 8,Ireland.

Objectives: To compare benzodiazepine and z-hypnotic prescribing practices in an inpatient psychiatric unit to best practice standards.

Methods: Medication charts of all inpatients in the psychiatric unit, over a 1-week period, were reviewed. Details of current benzodiazepine and z-hypnotic prescriptions were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2016.24DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Evaluation of a pilot interprofessional education programme for eating disorder training in mental health services.

Authors:
S McDevitt V Passi

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 12;35(4):289-299

2Warwick Medical School,University of Warwick,Coventry,UK.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of an Interprofessional Education (IPE) programme in eating disorders for mental health practitioners using a case-based learning approach.

Methods: A total of 25 mental health clinicians were asked to evaluate their IPE programme as part of training for the National Clinical Programme in Eating Disorders. They completed a Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS), a learner reaction questionnaire after each session and a final open evaluation at 4 months. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S079096671
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2015.61DOI Listing
December 2018
12 Reads

The prevalence and treatment of mental health conditions documented in general practice in Ireland.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 Nov 29:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1University of Limerick,Castletroy,Co. Limerick,Ireland.

Objectives: As prevalence of mental health disorders increases worldwide, recognition and treatment of these disorders falls increasingly into the remit of primary care. This study investigated the prevalence and management of adults presenting to their general practitioner (GP) in Ireland with a psychological condition.

Methods: A random number function was used to select 100 patients with a consultation in the previous 2 years from 40 general practices around Ireland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.48DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Treatment resistant schizophrenia - review and a call to action.

Authors:
J Lally F Gaughran

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 Nov 27:1-13. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

1Department of Psychosis Studies,Institute of Psychiatry,Psychology & Neuroscience,King's College London,London,UK.

Recovery rates in schizophrenia remain suboptimal with up to one-third resistant to standard treatments, a population prevalence of 0.2%. Clozapine is the only evidenced-based treatment for treatment resistant schizophrenia (TRS), yet there are significant delays in its use or it may not be trialled, potentially impacting the chance of recovery. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S079096671
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.47DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Progress in home-based treatment.

Authors:
P McGarry

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Mar 19;36(1):3-5. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Belfast Home Treatment Team,Belfast,Northern Ireland.

Home-based treatment has been promoted as an alternative to hospital admission over the last 30 years, with the system in England being particularly well developed. There is less stigma, patients and families appear to prefer treatment at home, and there has been a significant reduction in the number of acute beds. In more recent years, there have been criticisms of the lack of effect on reducing hospital admissions and concerns have also been raised about patient safety. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S079096671
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.46DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

A 25-year dynamic ecological analysis of psychiatric hospital admissions and prison committals: Penrose's hypothesis updated.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 Nov 15:1-4. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

1National Forensic Mental Health Service,Central Mental Hospital,Dundrum Road,Dublin 14,Trinity College Dublin,The University of Dublin,College Green,Dublin 2, D14 W0V6,Ireland.

AimsThere is renewed interest in the inverse association between psychiatric hospital and prison places, with reciprocal time trends shown in more than one country. We hypothesised that the numbers of admissions to psychiatric hospitals and committals to prisons in Ireland would also correlate inversely over time (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.40DOI Listing
November 2018
15 Reads

Written progress tests in postgraduate psychiatry.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 Oct 10:1-2. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

4Manchester Mental Health and Social Care Trust,Manchester,UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.34DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Hyperkinetic disorder in a community service for people with intellectual disability.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 Oct 3:1-5. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

2Galway/Mayo/Roscommon Mental Health Service,Galway,Ireland.

Background: There appears to be a higher rate of prevalence of hyperkinetic disorder in the intellectual disability (ID) population, although there is a large variability in rates in previous studies. Hyperkinetic disorder can be a challenge to diagnose in a population with ID and can present a barrier to the development of the activities of daily living in an already vulnerable population.

Objectives: Our objective was to examine the point prevalence of hyperkinetic disorder in the ID population in a community ID service and also to determine the prevalence of hyperkinetic disorder based on the level of ID. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.39DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Mental illness in primary care: a narrative review of patient, GP and population factors that affect prescribing rates.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 Oct 2:1-8. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

School of Medicine,Health Sciences Centre,University College Dublin,Belfield,Dublin,Ireland.

Background: Mental illness poses a large and growing disease burden worldwide. Its management is increasingly provided by primary care. The prescribing of psychotropic drugs in general practice has risen in recent decades, and variation in prescribing rates has been identified by a number of studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.35DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

ADHD: science, stigma and service implications.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):169-172

1School of Medicine,University College Dublin,Dublin,Ireland.

We are delighted to dedicate an edition of the Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine to the topic of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). ADHD accounts for the majority of clinical presentations to Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services, both in terms of new assessments and ongoing attendances. Papers presented in this edition reflect on the evolving construct of ADHD, drawing from science, clinical practice and public opinion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.20DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Are the effects of methylphenidate uncertain?

Authors:
S Cortese

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):163-167

1Academic Unit of Psychology,University of Southampton,Southampton,UK.

Objectives: A recent systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials of methylphenidate (MPH) in children and adolescents by a Cochrane group, led by Storebø, raised concern around the level of evidence supporting the use of this medication for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents. This led to several critical responses from a number of ADHD experts.

Methods: This paper reviews the conclusions reached from the Storebø meta-analysis by a critical analysis of methodologies used along with drawing on extant literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.16DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

The powerless or the empowered? Stakeholders' experiences of diagnosis and treatment for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in Ireland.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):203-212

2School of Education,Trinity College Dublin, Dublin,Ireland.

IntroductionIn Ireland, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most commonly diagnosed condition in Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS). However, little is known about the experiences of stakeholders affected by ADHD in their pathways through care, especially in Ireland.

Objectives: The aim of this stakeholder voice study was to explore stress and coping among parents and Children and Young People (C/YP) affected by ADHD in an Irish context, in order to contribute to knowledge about what works and what needs to change in practice from a service user perspective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.13DOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in people with Intellectual Disability.

Authors:
Bhathika Perera

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):213-219

Barnet, Enfield and Haringey Mental Health Trust,UK.

Two case reports of people with severe intellectual disability (ID), Autism and challenging behaviour are discussed here to describe the presentation of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in people with ID. Both cases highlight how the diagnosis of ADHD can be missed and the behaviours attributed to ID and autism, which could lead to using ineffective treatment strategies. The case reports illustrate the importance of the diagnosis and treatment of ADHD in people with ID and how it can make a difference to their clinical presentation and quality of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.7DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Attending to adult ADHD: a review of the neurobiology behind adult ADHD.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):237-244

4College Health Centre,Trinity College Dublin,Dublin,Ireland.

Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder in childhood, which progresses to adulthood in about a fifth of cases. For various reasons, adult ADHD is a disorder not comprehensively assessed by psychiatrists, not least because the biological underpinnings are only recently being unmasked.AimsThis selective review targets psychiatrists without a background in neuroscience and aims to describe the neurobiological basis of ADHD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.78DOI Listing
September 2018
22 Reads

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a clinical review of the concept, diagnosis and management.

Authors:
B D Kelly

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):157-161

Department of Psychiatry,Trinity College Dublin,Trinity Centre for Health Sciences,Tallaght Hospital,Dublin,Ireland.

The history of psychiatry is the history of therapeutic enthusiasm with all of the triumph and tragedy, hubris and humility that this brings. As a result, the emergence of any new diagnosis, such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), needs to be greeted with caution, rigour and scientific objectivity, as well as compassion, therapeutic engagement and optimism. Although there is now little doubt that ADHD is a valid, useful diagnostic concept, and progress has been made, there is still considerable work to be done to establish its incidence, prevalence and biological underpinnings, as well as optimal therapeutic strategies. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S079096671
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.62DOI Listing
September 2018
19 Reads

Screening for attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptomatology in adult mental health clinics.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):193-201

6Department of Psychiatry,University College Dublin,Ireland.

Objectives: This study estimates the symptomatology of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adult mental health services (AMHS) outpatient clinics.

Methods: All consecutive patients attending any of the outpatients' clinics in Sligo/Leitrim AMHS were invited to participate. Participants completed the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) and the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS) self-report. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.49DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

University students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): a literature review.

Authors:
J A Sedgwick

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):221-235

Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery;Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre - Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (IoPPN),King's College London,London,UK.

Objectives: To review existing literature about university students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

Methods: A framework for scoping studies and content analysis were used to source and review selected publications from PubMed, ScienceDirect, Google Scholar and relevant bibliographies.

Results: Seventy-four publications were reviewed and key findings were categorised under six core themes that represent the issues germane to university students with ADHD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.20DOI Listing
September 2018
21 Reads

Attitudes and reported practice of paediatricians and child psychiatrists regarding the assessment and treatment of ADHD in Ireland.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):181-191

1UCD School of Medicine and Medical Science,University College Dublin (UCD),Belfield,Dublin,Ireland.

Objectives: This mixed-method national survey has obtained original data on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) attitudes, assessment and treatment regimes reported by paediatricians and child psychiatrists; and has compared their clinics. It has examined the extent of involvement of Irish paediatricians in the management of ADHD.

Methods: A questionnaire was designed, based on a review of literature and ADHD guidelines, and piloted by expert clinicians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.29DOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

The impact of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adulthood: a qualitative study.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):173-179

3Child and Adolescent Psychiatry,School of Medicine,UCD,Dublin,Ireland.

Objectives: There is limited evidence of the unmet needs and experiences of adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Previous research in this area is predominantly quantitative by nature, few studies employing qualitative approaches. This study seeks to provide a deeper insight into the lived experiences of adults with ADHD within Western Ireland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.21DOI Listing
September 2018
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Young people, the internet and mental health.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 03;35(1):1-4

2ReachOut Australia,Pyrmont,NSW,Australia.

The original research by Mullen et al. in this issue is a welcome contribution to the increasingly important research area concerned with mental health and internet use. There is a persistent and growing tension between harmful online content and the potential to support vulnerable people online. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.76DOI Listing
March 2018
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Polyvagal theory, neurodevelopment and psychiatric disorders.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 03;35(1):9-10

2Cheltenham Road,Toledo,OH,USA.

Neurodevelopment is an area of psychiatry which has attracted huge interest in the last few decades. There is substantial evidence that perinatal events can contribute to later development of mental disorder. In the current perspective article we propose a novel polyvagal theory which attempts to link prenatal events with neurodevelopment and the later onset of psychiatric disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.66DOI Listing
March 2018
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A comprehensive analysis of the factor structure of the Beck Depression Inventory-II in a sample of outpatients with adjustment disorder and depressive episode.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 03;35(1):53-61

1School of Psychology,Ulster University,Derry-Londonerry,Northern Ireland.

Objectives: Despite being commonly used in research and clinical practice, the evidence regarding the factor structure of the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) remains equivocal and this has implications on how the scale scores should be aggregated. Researchers continue to debate whether the BDI-II is best viewed as a unidimensional scale, or whether specific subscales have utility. The present study sought to test a comprehensive range of competing factor analytic models of the BDI-II, including traditional non-hierarchical multidimensional models and confirmatory bifactor models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.52DOI Listing
March 2018
9 Reads