725 results match your criteria Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine [Journal]


Psychopathology and early life stress in migrant youths: an analysis of the 'Growing up in Ireland' study.

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Feb 15:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

2Department of Psychiatry,Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland,Dublin,Ireland.

Objectives: Migrant youths endure many challenges. Such challenges can be stressful and lead to psychological difficulties. We investigated the relationship between migration, psychopathology and stressful events in children and adolescents. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.53DOI Listing
February 2019

A case of mistaken diagnoses: diagnostic and management challenges in a case of adult autism spectrum disorder.

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Feb 14:1-4. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

2College Health Centre,Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is frequently identified in children but is often unrecognised in adults. ASD is characterised by difficulties in social interaction, communication and restricted interests, but other presentations are common, especially in adults. This report describes a 34-year-old man with a history of multiple psychiatric diagnoses including generalised anxiety disorder, major depressive disorder and panic disorder. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2019.3DOI Listing
February 2019

The wellness era: has it been good or bad for psychiatry?

Ir J Psychol Med 2019 Jan 10:1-2. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

School of Medicine,University College CorkBrookfield Health Sciences Complex, College Road,

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S079096671
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.52DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Hidden addictions, improving eating disorder services and overcoming challenges in autism spectrum disorders.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 12;35(4):267

2Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland and North Dublin Mental Health Services,Ashlin Centre,Beaumont Road,Dublin 9,Ireland.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S079096671
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.42DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

The gambling control bill: time for action.

Authors:
Colin O'Gara

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 12;35(4):269-271

1Saint John of God Hospital, Stillorgan,Co. Dublin,Ireland.

A modern regulatory framework for gambling in Ireland is urgently required. The Gambling Control Bill of 2013 represents a decent starting point in developing player protection and much needed treatment services and research facilities for Gambling Disorder. The drafting and enactment of the Gambling Control Bill of 2013 appears to have slipped from legislative priority. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.77DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Medline indexing success and future directions for Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine.

Authors:
John Lyne

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 12;35(4):273-274

Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland and North Dublin Mental Health Services,Ashlin Centre,Beaumont Road,Dublin 9,Ireland.

Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine (IJPM) was recently accepted for indexing on Medline. This reflects the high scientific quality of articles published in the journal and highlights the excellent work by publishers, authors, reviewers and the journal editorial board who have contributed to the journal's development over many years. IJPM remains committed to further progression through constant innovation and maintaining the excellent standard of publishing to date. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.43DOI Listing
December 2018

A national survey of online gambling behaviours.

Authors:
D Columb C O'Gara

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 12;35(4):311-319

2Addictions Department,St John of Gods Hospital,Stillorgan,Co Dublin,Ireland; UCD School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to look at an Irish population in relation to the online gambling activities people are engaging with, the reasons for gambling online, their attitudes to online gambling and the financial/mental health consequences of online gambling.

Methods: The outline for this study was adapted from a study by McCormack et al. (2014) in relation to online gambling, with the aim of replicating this study in an Irish population. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.64DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Telepsychiatry in Asperger's syndrome.

Authors:
C S Clarke

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 12;35(4):325-328

1Department of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry,Child & Adolescent Mental Health Service,Dublin,Ireland.

Background: Internet technology offers psychiatrists new opportunities for remote interaction with patients. It also raises issues regarding therapeutic effectiveness, safety, technical problems and possibilities for overcoming them, and matters related to specific mental health problems such as autism. The case presented concerns an adolescent male with severe social impairment and isolation as manifestations of Aspergers syndrome. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.19DOI Listing
December 2018

Letter to the Editor.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 12;35(4):345-346

3Limerick Prison,Limerick,Ireland.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.31DOI Listing
December 2018

Eating disorder services for young people in Ireland: perspectives of service providers, service users and the general adolescent population.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 12;35(4):301-309

1School of Medicine,University College Dublin,Belfield,Dublin 4,Ireland.

Objectives: This paper illuminates how national eating disorder (ED) policy translates into day-to-day practice by exploring how ED services are experienced by those who deliver and use them.

Methods: A mixed-methods approach was used, which combined qualitative and quantitative techniques. The paper collates data from three studies: (i) an interview study exploring the lived experiences of young people with EDs (n=8), their parents (n=5) and their healthcare professionals (n=3); (ii) a national survey of health professionals' perspectives on existing ED services (n=171); (iii) a nationwide survey of secondary-school students' eating concerns and patterns of help-seeking (n=290). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S079096671
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2015.66DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

'Codeine is my companion': misuse and dependence on codeine containing medicines in Ireland.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 12;35(4):275-288

1School of Health Sciences,Waterford Institute of Technology,Waterford,Ireland.

Objectives: Global concern around over the counter availability of codeine containing products and risk of misuse, dependence and related harms are evident. A phenomenological study of lived experiences of codeine misuse and dependence was undertaken in Ireland, following the Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland's 2010 guidelines for restricted supply of non-prescription codeine containing products.

Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of adult codeine misusers and dependents (n=21), both actively using, in treatment and in recovery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2015.60DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

How do we compare with best practice? A completed audit of benzodiazepine and z-hypnotic prescribing.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 12;35(4):321-324

3Jonathan Swift Clinic,St James's Hospital,James's Street,Dublin 8,Ireland.

Objectives: To compare benzodiazepine and z-hypnotic prescribing practices in an inpatient psychiatric unit to best practice standards.

Methods: Medication charts of all inpatients in the psychiatric unit, over a 1-week period, were reviewed. Details of current benzodiazepine and z-hypnotic prescriptions were collected. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2016.24DOI Listing
December 2018

Evaluation of a pilot interprofessional education programme for eating disorder training in mental health services.

Authors:
S McDevitt V Passi

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 12;35(4):289-299

2Warwick Medical School,University of Warwick,Coventry,UK.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of an Interprofessional Education (IPE) programme in eating disorders for mental health practitioners using a case-based learning approach.

Methods: A total of 25 mental health clinicians were asked to evaluate their IPE programme as part of training for the National Clinical Programme in Eating Disorders. They completed a Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS), a learner reaction questionnaire after each session and a final open evaluation at 4 months. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S079096671
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2015.61DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

The prevalence and treatment of mental health conditions documented in general practice in Ireland.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 Nov 29:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1University of Limerick,Castletroy,Co. Limerick,Ireland.

Objectives: As prevalence of mental health disorders increases worldwide, recognition and treatment of these disorders falls increasingly into the remit of primary care. This study investigated the prevalence and management of adults presenting to their general practitioner (GP) in Ireland with a psychological condition.

Methods: A random number function was used to select 100 patients with a consultation in the previous 2 years from 40 general practices around Ireland. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.48DOI Listing
November 2018

Treatment resistant schizophrenia - review and a call to action.

Authors:
J Lally F Gaughran

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 Nov 27:1-13. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

1Department of Psychosis Studies,Institute of Psychiatry,Psychology & Neuroscience,King's College London,London,UK.

Recovery rates in schizophrenia remain suboptimal with up to one-third resistant to standard treatments, a population prevalence of 0.2%. Clozapine is the only evidenced-based treatment for treatment resistant schizophrenia (TRS), yet there are significant delays in its use or it may not be trialled, potentially impacting the chance of recovery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S079096671
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.47DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Progress in home-based treatment.

Authors:
P McGarry

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 Nov 19:1-3. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Belfast Home Treatment Team,Belfast,Northern Ireland.

Home-based treatment has been promoted as an alternative to hospital admission over the last 30 years, with the system in England being particularly well developed. There is less stigma, patients and families appear to prefer treatment at home, and there has been a significant reduction in the number of acute beds. In more recent years, there have been criticisms of the lack of effect on reducing hospital admissions and concerns have also been raised about patient safety. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S079096671
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.46DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

A 25-year dynamic ecological analysis of psychiatric hospital admissions and prison committals: Penrose's hypothesis updated.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 Nov 15:1-4. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

1National Forensic Mental Health Service,Central Mental Hospital,Dundrum Road,Dublin 14,Trinity College Dublin,The University of Dublin,College Green,Dublin 2, D14 W0V6,Ireland.

AimsThere is renewed interest in the inverse association between psychiatric hospital and prison places, with reciprocal time trends shown in more than one country. We hypothesised that the numbers of admissions to psychiatric hospitals and committals to prisons in Ireland would also correlate inversely over time (i.e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.40DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Written progress tests in postgraduate psychiatry.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 Oct 10:1-2. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

4Manchester Mental Health and Social Care Trust,Manchester,UK.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.34DOI Listing
October 2018

Hyperkinetic disorder in a community service for people with intellectual disability.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 Oct 3:1-5. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

2Galway/Mayo/Roscommon Mental Health Service,Galway,Ireland.

Background: There appears to be a higher rate of prevalence of hyperkinetic disorder in the intellectual disability (ID) population, although there is a large variability in rates in previous studies. Hyperkinetic disorder can be a challenge to diagnose in a population with ID and can present a barrier to the development of the activities of daily living in an already vulnerable population.

Objectives: Our objective was to examine the point prevalence of hyperkinetic disorder in the ID population in a community ID service and also to determine the prevalence of hyperkinetic disorder based on the level of ID. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.39DOI Listing
October 2018

Mental illness in primary care: a narrative review of patient, GP and population factors that affect prescribing rates.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 Oct 2:1-8. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

School of Medicine,Health Sciences Centre,University College Dublin,Belfield,Dublin,Ireland.

Background: Mental illness poses a large and growing disease burden worldwide. Its management is increasingly provided by primary care. The prescribing of psychotropic drugs in general practice has risen in recent decades, and variation in prescribing rates has been identified by a number of studies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.35DOI Listing
October 2018

ADHD: science, stigma and service implications.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):169-172

1School of Medicine,University College Dublin,Dublin,Ireland.

We are delighted to dedicate an edition of the Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine to the topic of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). ADHD accounts for the majority of clinical presentations to Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services, both in terms of new assessments and ongoing attendances. Papers presented in this edition reflect on the evolving construct of ADHD, drawing from science, clinical practice and public opinion. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.20DOI Listing
September 2018

Are the effects of methylphenidate uncertain?

Authors:
S Cortese

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):163-167

1Academic Unit of Psychology,University of Southampton,Southampton,UK.

Objectives: A recent systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials of methylphenidate (MPH) in children and adolescents by a Cochrane group, led by Storebø, raised concern around the level of evidence supporting the use of this medication for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents. This led to several critical responses from a number of ADHD experts.

Methods: This paper reviews the conclusions reached from the Storebø meta-analysis by a critical analysis of methodologies used along with drawing on extant literature. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.16DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

The powerless or the empowered? Stakeholders' experiences of diagnosis and treatment for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in Ireland.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):203-212

2School of Education,Trinity College Dublin, Dublin,Ireland.

IntroductionIn Ireland, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most commonly diagnosed condition in Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS). However, little is known about the experiences of stakeholders affected by ADHD in their pathways through care, especially in Ireland.

Objectives: The aim of this stakeholder voice study was to explore stress and coping among parents and Children and Young People (C/YP) affected by ADHD in an Irish context, in order to contribute to knowledge about what works and what needs to change in practice from a service user perspective. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.13DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in people with Intellectual Disability.

Authors:
Bhathika Perera

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):213-219

Barnet, Enfield and Haringey Mental Health Trust,UK.

Two case reports of people with severe intellectual disability (ID), Autism and challenging behaviour are discussed here to describe the presentation of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in people with ID. Both cases highlight how the diagnosis of ADHD can be missed and the behaviours attributed to ID and autism, which could lead to using ineffective treatment strategies. The case reports illustrate the importance of the diagnosis and treatment of ADHD in people with ID and how it can make a difference to their clinical presentation and quality of life. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.7DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Attending to adult ADHD: a review of the neurobiology behind adult ADHD.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):237-244

4College Health Centre,Trinity College Dublin,Dublin,Ireland.

Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder in childhood, which progresses to adulthood in about a fifth of cases. For various reasons, adult ADHD is a disorder not comprehensively assessed by psychiatrists, not least because the biological underpinnings are only recently being unmasked.AimsThis selective review targets psychiatrists without a background in neuroscience and aims to describe the neurobiological basis of ADHD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.78DOI Listing
September 2018
15 Reads

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a clinical review of the concept, diagnosis and management.

Authors:
B D Kelly

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):157-161

Department of Psychiatry,Trinity College Dublin,Trinity Centre for Health Sciences,Tallaght Hospital,Dublin,Ireland.

The history of psychiatry is the history of therapeutic enthusiasm with all of the triumph and tragedy, hubris and humility that this brings. As a result, the emergence of any new diagnosis, such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), needs to be greeted with caution, rigour and scientific objectivity, as well as compassion, therapeutic engagement and optimism. Although there is now little doubt that ADHD is a valid, useful diagnostic concept, and progress has been made, there is still considerable work to be done to establish its incidence, prevalence and biological underpinnings, as well as optimal therapeutic strategies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S079096671
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.62DOI Listing
September 2018
12 Reads

Screening for attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptomatology in adult mental health clinics.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):193-201

6Department of Psychiatry,University College Dublin,Ireland.

Objectives: This study estimates the symptomatology of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adult mental health services (AMHS) outpatient clinics.

Methods: All consecutive patients attending any of the outpatients' clinics in Sligo/Leitrim AMHS were invited to participate. Participants completed the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) and the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS) self-report. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.49DOI Listing
September 2018

University students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): a literature review.

Authors:
J A Sedgwick

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):221-235

Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery;Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre - Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (IoPPN),King's College London,London,UK.

Objectives: To review existing literature about university students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

Methods: A framework for scoping studies and content analysis were used to source and review selected publications from PubMed, ScienceDirect, Google Scholar and relevant bibliographies.

Results: Seventy-four publications were reviewed and key findings were categorised under six core themes that represent the issues germane to university students with ADHD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S079096671
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.20DOI Listing
September 2018
13 Reads

Attitudes and reported practice of paediatricians and child psychiatrists regarding the assessment and treatment of ADHD in Ireland.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):181-191

1UCD School of Medicine and Medical Science,University College Dublin (UCD),Belfield,Dublin,Ireland.

Objectives: This mixed-method national survey has obtained original data on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) attitudes, assessment and treatment regimes reported by paediatricians and child psychiatrists; and has compared their clinics. It has examined the extent of involvement of Irish paediatricians in the management of ADHD.

Methods: A questionnaire was designed, based on a review of literature and ADHD guidelines, and piloted by expert clinicians. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.29DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

The impact of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adulthood: a qualitative study.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):173-179

3Child and Adolescent Psychiatry,School of Medicine,UCD,Dublin,Ireland.

Objectives: There is limited evidence of the unmet needs and experiences of adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Previous research in this area is predominantly quantitative by nature, few studies employing qualitative approaches. This study seeks to provide a deeper insight into the lived experiences of adults with ADHD within Western Ireland. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.21DOI Listing
September 2018

Young people, the internet and mental health.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 03;35(1):1-4

2ReachOut Australia,Pyrmont,NSW,Australia.

The original research by Mullen et al. in this issue is a welcome contribution to the increasingly important research area concerned with mental health and internet use. There is a persistent and growing tension between harmful online content and the potential to support vulnerable people online. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.76DOI Listing

Polyvagal theory, neurodevelopment and psychiatric disorders.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 03;35(1):9-10

2Cheltenham Road,Toledo,OH,USA.

Neurodevelopment is an area of psychiatry which has attracted huge interest in the last few decades. There is substantial evidence that perinatal events can contribute to later development of mental disorder. In the current perspective article we propose a novel polyvagal theory which attempts to link prenatal events with neurodevelopment and the later onset of psychiatric disorder. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.66DOI Listing

A comprehensive analysis of the factor structure of the Beck Depression Inventory-II in a sample of outpatients with adjustment disorder and depressive episode.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 03;35(1):53-61

1School of Psychology,Ulster University,Derry-Londonerry,Northern Ireland.

Objectives: Despite being commonly used in research and clinical practice, the evidence regarding the factor structure of the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) remains equivocal and this has implications on how the scale scores should be aggregated. Researchers continue to debate whether the BDI-II is best viewed as a unidimensional scale, or whether specific subscales have utility. The present study sought to test a comprehensive range of competing factor analytic models of the BDI-II, including traditional non-hierarchical multidimensional models and confirmatory bifactor models. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.52DOI Listing
March 2018
8 Reads

Examining stress: an investigation of stress, mood and exercise in medical students.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 03;35(1):63-68

1Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioural Science,University College Cork,Cork,Ireland.

Objectives: Stress is an event that threatens homoeostasis and thus causes physiological and behavioural responses to reinstate equilibrium. Excessive and/or chronic stress can be psychologically and physiologically detrimental. Examinations can represent a significant source of stress for students. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.54DOI Listing

Exploring the impact of adverse childhood experiences on symptomatic and functional outcomes in adulthood: advances, limitations and considerations.

Authors:
J Cotter A R Yung

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 03;35(1):5-7

2Division of Psychology and Mental Health, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health,University of Manchester,Manchester,UK.

Exposure to traumatic experiences in childhood is a risk (and potentially causal) factor for the development of a range of adverse physical and mental health conditions. In addition to the onset of clinical disorders, there is emerging evidence that childhood trauma may also be associated with other long-term outcomes, such as the persistence and severity of an individual's symptoms, as well as their long-term social and occupational functioning. However, the reasons for this remain poorly understood. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.53DOI Listing

Effectiveness of a national 'Minnesota Model' based residential treatment programme for alcohol dependence in Ireland: outcomes and predictors of outcome.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 03;35(1):33-41

3School of Psychology,University College Dublin,Dublin,Ireland.

Objectives: The aims of this study were (a) to examine the effectiveness of an inpatient treatment programme for alcohol dependence based on the 'Minnesota Model' and (b) to examine potential predictors of outcomes from such treatment.

Methods: Demographics and data relating to psychosocial functioning of a group of individuals who commenced treatment for alcohol dependence were gathered at the point of treatment entry. These individuals were then followed up 6 months after they were to complete their inpatient treatment to establish their alcohol-related outcomes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.26DOI Listing

A dramatic case of a woman discovered after 7 months of untreated catatonia.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 03;35(1):69-73

Department of Psychiatry,University of Manitoba,Winnipeg,Manitoba,Canada.

Described is an unusually severe case of catatonia in the context of a major depressive episode. The patient is a 49-year-old Caucasian female who was living with her husband in an urban apartment. In March 2015, she experienced a major depressive episode in the context of financial hardship after being dismissed from her job. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2016.46DOI Listing
March 2018
1 Read

The association between childhood trauma, parental bonding and depressive symptoms and interpersonal functioning in depression and bipolar disorder.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 03;35(1):23-32

2Northern Health and Social Care Trust,Antrim,Northern Ireland,UK.

Objectives: This study explores rates of a history of childhood trauma in adult patients with bipolar disorder and depression and the impact of such trauma and parental bonding patterns on depressive mood and interpersonal functioning at the time of assessment.

Methods: A cross-sectional design was used and a sample of 49 participants was recruited from a mental health outpatient service in Northern Ireland. Data were subject to correlations, one-way analysis of variance and hierarchal regression analyses. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S079096671
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2016.43DOI Listing
March 2018
14 Reads

Widening the net: exploring social determinants of burden of informal carers.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 03;35(1):43-51

3Sligo Leitrim Mental Health Service,Education Centre,St Columba's Hospital,Sligo,Ireland.

Objectives: Providing care for a person with dementia or other chronic illness at home often places stress on the primary caregiver. In an Irish population, ~67% of carers reported experiencing extreme physical or mental tiredness. This study aimed to identify factors that influence carer burden and identify the sub-populations of carers who are most susceptible to burden. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S079096671
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.36DOI Listing
March 2018
12 Reads

Internet use among young people with and without mental health difficulties.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 03;35(1):11-21

1School of Psychology,University College Dublin,Dublin,Ireland.

Objectives: Research regarding adolescent internet use and mental health is sparse. However, awareness of a young person's internet use is becoming increasingly recognised as an important element of clinical assessment and intervention, and requires the development of an evidence base. The aim of the present study was to better understand the internet use of young people experiencing mental health difficulties and to contrast it with those who currently report no concerns. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S079096671
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2016.37DOI Listing
March 2018
12 Reads

From the editor's desk.

Authors:
M Finnegan J Lyne

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 06;35(2):87

2Royal College of Surgeons,Ireland and North Dublin Mental Health Service,Dublin,Ireland.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2018.5DOI Listing

The association of dissociative symptoms with exposure to trauma.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 06;35(2):127-133

2Department of Psychiatry,National University of Ireland,Galway,Ireland.

Background: The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of North-West Pakistan has endured increased levels of violence in recent years. The psychological sequelae of such trauma including the presence of dissociative symptoms has been minimally investigated to date. The study examines psychopathology experienced including the presence of dissociative symptoms, and ascertain what factors are potentially predictive of these symptoms. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.84DOI Listing

Anxiety and depression among patients with alcohol dependence: co-morbid or substance-related problems?

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 06;35(2):121-126

3School of Psychology,University College Dublin,Dublin,Ireland.

Objectives: There are conflicting reports on the levels of anxiety and depression in individuals with alcohol problems and whether these conditions are substance-related or independent of the alcohol problem. The aim of this study was to characterise rates of co-morbid psychiatric symptoms among a group of individuals commencing treatment for alcohol dependence, and to examine the stability of these symptoms following treatment of the alcohol problem.

Methods: Symptoms of anxiety and depression were examined in a group of individuals (n=93) undergoing residential treatment for alcohol dependence. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.25DOI Listing

Hunger strikes in prisons: a narrative systematic review of ethical considerations from a physician's perspective.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 06;35(2):135-142

5Graduate Entry Medical School,University of Limerick,Limerick,Ireland.

Objectives: We sought to identify and review published studies that discuss the ethical considerations, from a physician's perspective, of managing a hunger strike in a prison setting.

Methods: A database search was conducted to identify relevant publications. We included case studies, case series, guidelines and review articles published over a 20-year period. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.33DOI Listing

Dimensional thinking in psychiatry in the era of the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC).

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 06;35(2):89-94

1Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioural Science,University College Cork,Cork,Ireland.

The biological mechanisms underlying psychiatric diagnoses are not well defined. Clinical diagnosis based on categorical systems exhibit high levels of heterogeneity and co-morbidity. The Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) attempts to reconceptualize psychiatric disorders into transdiagnostic functional dimensional constructs based on neurobiological measures and observable behaviour. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.7DOI Listing

Offering support to the general public by building CBT-based life skills: lessons learnt from an initial evaluation.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 06;35(2):103-112

3AWARE,Dublin,Ireland.

AimsCognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is effective for symptoms of mild to moderate depression yet access to such therapy is frequently limited. An alternative to traditional ways of delivering CBT is lower intensity methods based on self-help principles, using written CBT resources, in a group or class setting. Aware, the Irish National charity providing support to people experiencing depression, has implemented a 6-week CBT-based group programme which has been independently evaluated to demonstrate its effectiveness using quantitative and qualitative measures. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2016.11DOI Listing