5,927 results match your criteria Iodine Deficiency


Impacts of carbohydrate-restricted diets on micronutrient intakes and status: A systematic review.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Human Nutrition, School of Medicine Dentistry and Nursing, College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

A systematic review of published evidence on micronutrient intake/status with carbohydrate-restricted diets (CRD) was conducted in Web of Science, Medline, Embase, Scopus, CENTRAL, and ClinicalTrials.gov up to October 2018. We identified 10 studies: seven randomized controlled trials (RCTs) ("Atkins"-style, n = 5; "Paleolithic" diets, n = 2), two Atkins-style noncontrolled trials and one cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12857DOI Listing

Antenatal Multiple Micronutrient Supplementation Compared to Iron-Folic Acid Affects Micronutrient Status but Does Not Eliminate Deficiencies in a Randomized Controlled Trial among Pregnant Women of Rural Bangladesh.

J Nutr 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD.

Background: Antenatal multiple micronutrient (MM) supplementation improves birth outcomes relative to iron-folic acid (IFA) in developing countries, but limited data exist on its impact on pregnancy micronutrient status.

Objective: We assessed the efficacy of a daily MM (15 nutrients) compared with IFA supplement, each providing approximately 1 RDA of nutrients and given beginning at pregnancy ascertainment, on late pregnancy micronutrient status of women in rural Bangladesh. Secondarily, we explored other contributors to pregnancy micronutrient status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxz046DOI Listing

Improved micronutrient status and health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries following large-scale fortification: evidence from a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Am J Clin Nutr 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Centre for Global Child Health, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada.

Background: Micronutrient malnutrition is highly prevalent in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and disproportionately affects women and children. Although the effectiveness of large-scale food fortification (LSFF) of staple foods to prevent micronutrient deficiencies in high-income settings has been demonstrated, its effectiveness in LMICs is less well characterized. This is important as food consumption patterns, potential food vehicles, and therefore potential for impact may vary substantially in these contexts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqz023DOI Listing
April 2019
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Iodine deficiency among Italian children and adolescents assessed through 24-hour urinary iodine excretion.

Am J Clin Nutr 2019 Apr;109(4):1080-1087

Departments of 3Clinical Medicine and Surgery.

Background: Iodine is an essential micronutrient for intellectual development in children. Information on iodine intakes based on 24-h urinary iodine excretion (UIE) is scant, because iodine status is only assessed by the measurement of urinary iodine concentration (UIC) in spot urine samples.

Objectives: The aim of our study was to evaluate the iodine intake of school-age children and adolescents, using UIE measurement in 24-h urine collections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqy393DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
6.770 Impact Factor

The nutrition of iodine in Spain. Needs for the future.

Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Grupo Nutrición de Yodo. Área de conocimiento de la Tiroides-Sociedad Española de Endocrinología y Nutrición; Servicio de Endocrinología y Nutrición, Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, Institut de Recerca Germans Trias i Pujol (IGTP), Badalona, España.

Although iodine nutrition in Spain has improved in recent years, the problem is not completely resolved. It is necessary that health institutions establish measures to ensure an adequate iodine nutrition of the population, especially among the highest risk groups (children and adolescents, women of childbearing age, pregnant women and nursing mothers). A low salt intake should be advised, but it should be iodized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.endinu.2019.02.009DOI Listing
April 2019
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[PECULIARITIES OF IMMUNE PROFILE IN BLOOD OF RATS IN THE DYNAMICS OF IMMOBILIZATION STRESS ON THE BACKGROUND OF HYPOTHYROIDISM].

Georgian Med News 2019 Feb(287):114-118

I. Horbachevsky Ternopil State Medical University. Ukraine.

The aim of our study was to investigate the peculiarities of changes in the indices of cellular and humoral immunity in the case of immobilization stress, which is implemented against the background of hypothyroidism. It was used 84 white Wistar male rats to study the peculiarities of the stress reaction against hypothyroidism. The study of cellular and humoral immunity was performed on a Beckman Coulter Epics-XL flow cytometer. Read More

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February 2019
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Iodine-fortified toddler milk improves dietary iodine intakes and iodine status in toddlers: a randomised controlled trial.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Purpose: We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of consuming iodine-fortified toddler milk for improving dietary iodine intakes and biochemical iodine status in toddlers.

Methods: In a 20-week parallel randomised controlled trial, healthy 12-20-month-old children were assigned to: Fortified Milk [n = 45; iodine-fortified (21.1 µg iodine/100 g prepared drink) cow's milk], or Non-Fortified Milk (n = 90; non-fortified cow's milk). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01950-5DOI Listing
March 2019
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Animals in Iodine Deficiency or Sulfadimethoxine Models of Thyroid Damage Are Differently Affected by the Consumption of Brassica Sprouts.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Food Chemistry and Nutrition, Medical College, Jagiellonian University, Medyczna 9, 30-688, Kraków, Poland.

The study was primarily aimed at investigating the effect of brassica sprout consumption, namely rutabaga (Brassica napus L. var. napobrassica) sprouts (R) generally recognized as antithyroid agent due to its goitrogenic substance content, on hematological, biochemical, and immunological parameters in rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12011-019-01694-7DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Medico-social effectiveness of biological monitoring of iodine deficiency status (IDS) among women of reproductive age in Kazakhstan.

Ann Agric Environ Med 2019 Mar 1;26(1):73-77. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Asfendiyarov Kazakh National Medical University, Department of Nutrition, Almaty, Kazakstan.

Introduction: Iodine deficiency is one of the most important public health problems in the world. It mostly affects pregnant women and children. The lack of iodine leads to an increase in the numbers of perinatal mortality and mental retardation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26444/aaem/90718DOI Listing
March 2019
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Association of maternal iodine status with child IQ: a meta-analysis of individual-participant data.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Internal Medicine, Academic Center For Thyroid Diseases, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Context: While the consequences of severe iodine deficiency are beyond doubt, the effects of mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency in pregnancy on child neurodevelopment are less well established.

Objective: To study the association between maternal iodine status during pregnancy and child IQ and to identify vulnerable time-windows of exposure to suboptimal iodine availability.

Design: Meta-analysis of individual-participant data from three prospective population-based birth cohorts: Generation R (The Netherlands), INMA (Spain), and ALSPAC (United Kingdom); pregnant women were enrolled between 2002-2006, 2003-2008, and 1990-1992, respectively. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jcem/advance-article/doi/10.1210/jc
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2018-02559DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Fluoride Exposure Induces Inhibition of Sodium/Iodide Symporter (NIS) Contributing to Impaired Iodine Absorption and Iodine Deficiency: Molecular Mechanisms of Inhibition and Implications for Public Health.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Mar 26;16(6). Epub 2019 Mar 26.

EnviroManagement Services, 11 Riverview, Doherty's Rd, Bandon, Co. Cork, P72 YF10, Ireland.

The sodium iodide symporter (NIS) is the plasma membrane glycoprotein that mediates active iodide transport in the thyroid and other tissues, such as the salivary, gastric mucosa, rectal mucosa, bronchial mucosa, placenta and mammary glands. In the thyroid, NIS mediates the uptake and accumulation of iodine and its activity is crucial for the development of the central nervous system and disease prevention. Since the discovery of NIS in 1996, research has further shown that NIS functionality and iodine transport is dependent on the activity of the sodium potassium activated adenosine 5'-triphosphatase pump (Na+, K+-ATPase). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16061086DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6466022PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

High iodine intake and central lymph node metastasis risk of papillary thyroid cancer.

J Trace Elem Med Biol 2019 May 25;53:16-21. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Breast and Thyroid Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China. Electronic address:

The relationship between iodine intake and clinicopathologic characteristics of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is unclear. We aim to investigate the relationship between iodine intake and central lymph node metastasis (CLNM) of PTC. A total of 4040 consecutive patients with PTC receiving thyroidectomy and central lymph node dissection were enrolled from 2013 to 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtemb.2019.01.015DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Monitoring of salt iodisation programme in Iran; Health outcomes, shortages and perspective.

J Trace Elem Med Biol 2019 May 2;53:135. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Clinical Nutrition, The First People's Hospital of Wujiang District, Suzhou, China.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0946672X183071
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtemb.2019.02.012DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

The Role of Mineral and Trace Element Supplementation in Exercise and Athletic Performance: A Systematic Review.

Nutrients 2019 Mar 24;11(3). Epub 2019 Mar 24.

School of Food Science and Environmental Health, Dublin Institute of Technology, Dublin 8, Ireland.

Minerals and trace elements (MTEs) are micronutrients involved in hundreds of biological processes. Deficiency in MTEs can negatively affect athletic performance. Approximately 50% of athletes have reported consuming some form of micronutrient supplement; however, there is limited data confirming their efficacy for improving performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11030696DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Nutritional status of iodine in children: When appropriateness relies on milk consumption and not adequate coverage of iodized salt in households.

Clin Nutr ESPEN 2019 Apr 4;30:52-58. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Servicio de Neonatología, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, Spain.

Background & Aims: Iodine deficiency inhibits the normal development of human beings and is the leading cause of preventable mental retardation. Our study aims to update the urinary iodine concentrations and the intake of iodized salt in children in Madrid (Spain).

Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed where 217 children aged 3-14 years old were studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clnesp.2019.02.007DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

The impact of mandatory iodine fortification and supplementation on pregnant and lactating women in Australia.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2019 ;28(1):15-22

School of Medicine, University of Notre Dame, Australia, NSW, Australia.

Background And Objectives: In Australia, two public health measures were introduced between 2009 and 2010 to reduce iodine deficiency. However there has been a shortage of information regarding their effectiveness and the ongoing prevalence of iodine deficiency in Australia. The primary aim of this study was to assess the extent to which these public health measures have reduced rates of iodine deficiency among pregnant and lactating women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0003DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Excess iodine intake: sources, assessment, and effects on thyroid function.

Ann N Y Acad Sci 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food, Nutrition, and Health, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Iodine is essential for thyroid hormone synthesis. High iodine intakes are well tolerated by most healthy individuals, but in some people, excess iodine intakes may precipitate hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, goiter, and/or thyroid autoimmunity. Individuals with preexisting thyroid disease or those previously exposed to iodine deficiency may be more susceptible to thyroid disorders due to an increase in iodine intake, in some cases at intakes only slightly above physiological needs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14041DOI Listing
March 2019
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Meta-analysis of efficacy of iron and iodine fortified salt in improving iron nutrition status.

Indian J Public Health 2019 Jan-Mar;63(1):58-64

Professor and Head, Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: Salt fortification with iron is a potential strategy to increase population-level iron intake. The current evidence regarding double-fortified salt (DFS) in improving iron nutrition status is equivocal.

Objective: To study the efficacy of DFS as compared to iodine fortified salt (IS) in improving iron nutrition status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijph.IJPH_420_17DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Nineteenth-Century Homeopathic Materia Medica Texts Predict Source Materials Whose Physiological Actions Influence Thyroid Activity.

Authors:
Janice Block

Homeopathy 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Merkaz HaBriut, Center for Integrative Medicine, Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.

Introduction:  The homeopathic materia medica contains hundreds of thousands of observations collected over the course of two centuries. It includes both clinical observations of potentized medicines and observations of the actions of potentized medicines on healthy subjects (provings). This current study was undertaken to determine the degree to which observations within the materia medica were associated with the physiological mechanisms for thyroid activity-inhibiting substances in their undiluted state. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1677704DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Maximising benefits and minimising adverse effects of micronutrient interventions in low- and middle-income countries.

Authors:
Kaleab Baye

Proc Nutr Soc 2019 Mar 11:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Center for Food Science and Nutrition, Addis Ababa University,Addis Ababa,Ethiopia.

Micronutrient deficiencies are widespread and disproportionately affect women and children in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Among various interventions, food fortification and supplementation with micronutrients have been proven to be cost-effective. The aim of the present paper is to review existing literature to assess risks of excessive intake in LMIC to then highlight programmatic changes required to maximise benefits of micronutrient interventions while minimising risks of adverse effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0029665119000557DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Variation of iodine status during pregnancy and its associations with thyroid function in women from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Mar 8:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Endocrinology,Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho,Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro,Rua Prof. Rodolpho Paulo Rocco 255,9º andar,sala 9E23,Rio de Janeiro,RJ 21941-913,Brazil.

Objective: To assess iodine status and its effects on maternal thyroid function throughout pregnancy.

Design: In the present prospective cohort study, three urinary samples were requested for urinary iodine concentration (UIC) determinations in both the first and third gestational trimesters. Serum thyrotropin (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4) were analysed in both trimesters and thyroid antibodies were assessed once. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000399DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Effectiveness of increased salt iodine concentration on iodine status: trend analysis of cross-sectional national studies in Switzerland.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food Nutrition and Health, ETH Zurich, LFV D16.2, Schmelzbergstrasse 7, 8092, Zurich, Switzerland.

Purpose: Despite longstanding voluntary salt iodisation in Switzerland, data suggest inadequate iodine intake in vulnerable population groups. In response, the salt iodine concentration was increased from 20 to 25 mg/kg and we assessed the impact on iodine status.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional national study in school-age children (n = 731), women of reproductive age (n = 353) and pregnant women (n = 363). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01927-4DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Iodine Deficiency and Supplementation in Pregnancy.

Clin Obstet Gynecol 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Nutrition, and Weight Management, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

Iodine deficiency during pregnancy is an important global public health issue and the leading preventable cause of neurodevelopmental impairments worldwide. The effects of severe iodine deficiency during pregnancy, including adverse obstetric outcomes and decreased child intelligence quotient, have been clearly established. However, the effects of mild-to-moderate deficiency remain less well understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GRF.0000000000000428DOI Listing
March 2019
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Iodine Nutrition in Weaning Infants in the United States.

Thyroid 2019 Apr 22;29(4):573-576. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

6 Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism; UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California.

Background: As iodine is a requisite micronutrient for infant brain development, infants are at risk for iodine deficiency during the weaning period when their diet transitions from milk (breast-milk, infant formula, or follow-on formula) to solid food. Dietary iodine intake during this weaning period is likely minimal, as the iodine content of commercial baby food is not regulated, and the addition of salt to baby food is not recommended. This study reports the current status of iodine nutrition among weaning infants in the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/thy.2018.0102DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457884PMC
April 2019
8 Reads

Pregnancy Loss and Iodine Status: The LIFE Prospective Cohort Study.

Nutrients 2019 03 1;11(3). Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Biostatistics and Bioinformatics Branch, Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.

Iodine deficiency in pregnancy is a common problem in the United States and parts of Europe, but whether iodine deficiency is associated with increased pregnancy loss has not been well studied. The LIFE study provided an excellent opportunity to examine the relationship between iodine status and pregnancy loss because women were monitored prospectively to ensure excellent ascertainment of conceptions. The LIFE study, a population-based prospective cohort study, monitored 501 women who had discontinued contraception within two months to become pregnant; 329 became pregnant, had urinary iodine concentrations measured on samples collected at enrollment, and were followed up to determine pregnancy outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11030534DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding household consumption of iodized salt among rural women of Tripura, India: A mixed-methods study.

J Educ Health Promot 2019 29;8:21. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Community Medicine, Tripura Medical College and Dr. BRAM Teaching Hospital, Agartala, Tripura, India.

Introduction: Iodine is an essential element for thyroid function; it is necessary in minute amounts for normal growth, development, and well-being of all humans. There is gap in the utilization of adequately iodized salt in the rural areas due to nonavailability, poverty, poor knowledge of iodine deficiency diseases, and faulty storage practices.

Objective: The objective was to find out knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) regarding iodized salt consumption and association of sociodemographic factors, if any, among rural women of Tripura. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jehp.jehp_248_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6378821PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Changes in the size of the thyroid in patients with benign non-toxic multinodular goiter after radioactive iodine therapy.

Med J Islam Repub Iran 2018 27;32:131. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Pediatric Growth and Development Research Center, Institute of Endocrinology and Metabolism ,Iran University of Medical Sciences Tehran, Iran.

Multinodular goiter (MNG) is regarded as one of the most common causes of hyperthyroidism, particularly in areas of mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency. The present study aims to explore the effects of the radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy on benign non-toxic MNG and evaluate its side effects. Patients with benign non-toxic MNG entered the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14196/mjiri.32.131DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6387795PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Iodine supplementation for the prevention of mortality and adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 02 26;2:CD005253. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, York, UK, Y010 5DD.

Background: Parenteral nutrition solutions, artificial formulas, and human breast milk contain insufficient iodine to meet recommended intakes for preterm infants. Iodine deficiency may exacerbate transient hypothyroxinaemia in preterm infants and this may be associated with adverse neonatal and longer-term outcomes.

Objectives: To assess the evidence from randomised controlled trials that dietary supplementation with iodine reduces mortality and morbidity in preterm infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD005253.pub3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6389353PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Iodine Biofortification of Four Genotypes is Effective Already at Low Rates of Potassium Iodate.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 21;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Institute of Sciences of Food Production, CNR-National Research Council of Italy, Via Amendola 122/D, 70126 Bari, Italy.

The use of iodine-biofortified vegetables may be a health alternative instead of iodine-biofortified salt for preventing iodine (I) deficiency and related human disorders. In this study, four genotypes (broccoli raab, curly kale, mizuna, red mustard) were hydroponically grown with three I-IO₃ rates (0, 0.75 and 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020451DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6413110PMC
February 2019
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Maternal Iodine Status and Associations with Birth Outcomes in Three Major Cities in the United Kingdom.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 20;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Clinical and Population Science, Leeds Institute of Cardiovascular and Metabolic Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK.

Severe iodine deficiency in mothers is known to impair foetal development. Pregnant women in the UK may be iodine insufficient, but recent assessments of iodine status are limited. This study assessed maternal urinary iodine concentrations (UIC) and birth outcomes in three UK cities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020441DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6412452PMC
February 2019
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Iodine status, and knowledge about iodine deficiency disorders in adolescent school girls aged 14-19 years, 2016.

Health Promot Perspect 2019 23;9(1):77-84. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Social Determinant of Health Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Adequate iodine intake by women in child-bearing age affects fetus neurodevelopment during pregnancy. A majority of previous studies has investigated iodine status among children, and there is limited data on female adolescents who are more exposed to consequences of iodine deficiency (ID) in their near-future pregnancies; thus, we aimed to assess iodine status, and knowledge on iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs) among adolescent school girls (14-19 years old) in Shahriar, Iran. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 223 female students selected through multi-stage cluster sampling from 12 schools. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/hpp.2019.10DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377704PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Poor Iodine Knowledge, Coastal Region, and Non-Iodized Salt Consumption Linked to Low Urinary Iodine Excretion in Zhejiang Pregnant Women.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 15;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Environmental Health, Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 3399 Binsheng Road, Hangzhou 310051, China.

Background: Iodine deficiency in pregnant women, defined as a median urinary iodine concentration (UIC) of less than 150 μg/L, is an important public health issue. To improve their iodine intake, it is important to understand the knowledge and practices regarding iodine.

Methods: A cross-sectional investigation was conducted on 2642 pregnant women during 2016⁻2017 in Zhejiang province, China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020413DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6412776PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

The representation of a goiter by Renaissance painter Moretto da Brescia.

J Endocrinol Invest 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano Bicocca, via Cadore 48, Monza, Italy.

Alessandro Bonvicino (c. 1498-1554), commonly known as Il Moretto da Brescia, was an Italian Renaissance painter. In his "The Adoration of Shepherds" (1539-1540), a shepherd shows a bi-lobar goiter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40618-019-01023-8DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[The role of food in prevention and correction of iodine deficiency in the endemic territory].

Vopr Pitan 2018 13;87(5):27-36. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Industrial University of Tyumen.

Iodine supply remains the global problem due to the wide prevalence and a wide range of clinical manifestations in all age groups of population. However, iodine deficiency is a nutritional deficiency and the solution of this problem lies in the organization of rational nutrition of the population. The purpose of this study was to examine the food features of the population of the mild iodine-deficient region from the standpoint of adequacy of iodine sufficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24411/0042-8833-2018-10050DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Iodine fortification of foods and condiments, other than salt, for preventing iodine deficiency disorders.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 02 12;2:CD010734. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Office of the Chief Scientist, The George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) affect close to 1.9 billion people worldwide, and are a major public health concern in many countries. Among children, iodine deficiency is the main cause of potentially preventable deficits of central nervous system development and impairment of cognitive function, as well as goitre and hypothyroidism in people of all ages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD010734.pub2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370918PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Association Between Thyroid Nodules and Volume and Metabolic Syndrome in an Iodine-Adequate Area: A Large Community-Based Population Study.

Metab Syndr Relat Disord 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

1 Department of Endocrinology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Background: Given its high incidence, thyroid nodule (TN) warrants public attention. Thyroid volume (TV) has also been associated with multiple factors, such as iodine deficiency and supply and body mass index. It is well known that metabolic syndrome (MetS) comprises many metabolic disturbances, with insulin resistance being its major component. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/met.2018.0094DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Is iodine deficiency still a problem in sub-Saharan Africa?: a review.

Proc Nutr Soc 2019 Feb 11:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Nutritional Sciences,College of Human Sciences, Texas Tech University,Texas,USA.

Iodine is an essential trace mineral, vital for its functions in many physiological processes in the human body. Both iodine deficiency (ID) and excess are associated with adverse health effects; ID and excess iodine intake have both been identified in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The review aims to (1) review the iodine status among populations in SSA until October 2018, and (2) identify populations at risk of excess or inadequate iodine intakes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0029665118002859DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[State of bone in children living in different conditions of environment].

Wiad Lek 2018;71(9):1722-1728

I.Horbachevsky Ternopil State Medical University, Ternopil, Ukraine.

Objective: Introduction: Environmental pollution, deficiency of fluorine and iodine significantly affect the state of dental health of children and the structural and functional status of the bone system. The aim: Therefore, the task of our study was to establish a connection between the structural and functional state of bone tissue and dental ankles with anthropogenic and geochemical factors in the environment.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: In order to achieve the goal of the study, we examined 496 children aged 6-15 years living in areas with different ecological loads. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Iodine status of euthyroid adults: A cross-sectional, multicenter study.

J Clin Lab Anal 2019 Feb 8:e22837. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Science, Beijing, China.

Background: Iodine, an essential nutrient, is the most important trace element in thyroid hormone synthesis and maintenance of thyroid function. This study investigated the iodine nutrition status in healthy Chinese adults and assessed the relationship between urinary iodine concentration (UIC) and thyroid hormone levels.

Methods: A cross-sectional, multicenter study was conducted between October 2017 and January 2018, with 1017 adults recruited from five cities in China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcla.22837DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Evaluation and management of the child with hypothyroidism.

World J Pediatr 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Medicine, The University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

Background: Thyroid hormones are critical for early neurocognitive development as well as growth and development throughout childhood. Prompt recognition and treatment of hypothyroidism is, therefore, of utmost importance to optimize physical and neurodevelopmental outcomes.

Data Sources: A PubMed search was completed in Clinical Queries using the key terms "hypothyroidism". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12519-019-00230-wDOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Similarities and differences of dietary and other determinants of iodine status in pregnant women from three European birth cohorts.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK.

Purpose: As a component of thyroid hormones, adequate iodine intake is essential during pregnancy for fetal neurodevelopment. Across Europe, iodine deficiency is common in pregnancy, but data are lacking on the predictors of iodine status at this life stage. We, therefore, aimed to explore determinants of iodine status during pregnancy in three European populations of differing iodine status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01913-wDOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Monitoring of salt iodisation programme in Iran; Health outcomes, shortages and perspective.

J Trace Elem Med Biol 2019 Mar 10;52:6-11. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Center for Air Pollution Research (CAPR), Institute for Environmental Research (IER), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Centre for Water Quality Research (CWQI), Institute for Environmental Research (IER), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Iodine deficiency disorders include a wide range of metabolic and nonmetabolic disorders including goiter. To control IDDs, the World Health Organization and responsible agencies in countries established daily iodine uptake. Almost all the countries in the world provide the required iodine through salt iodisation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtemb.2018.11.004DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Serum iodine concentration in pregnant women and its association with urinary iodine concentration and thyroid function.

Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2019 May 7;90(5):711-718. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Environment, Nutrition and Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the association of serum iodine concentration (SIC) with urinary iodine concentration (UIC) and thyroid function in pregnant women, as well as to provide the reference range of SIC of pregnant women in iodine-sufficiency area.

Methods: Pregnant women were enrolled in the Department of Obstetrics, Tanggu Maternity Hospital, Tianjin from March 2016 to May 2017. Fasting venous blood and spot urine samples were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cen.13945DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read
3.457 Impact Factor

Socioeconomic status of the population - a prime determinant in evaluating iodine nutritional status even in a post salt iodization scenario.

J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2019 Feb;32(2):143-149

UGC Emeritus Professor, Endocrinology and Reproductive Physiology Laboratory, Department of Physiology, University College of Science and Technology, University of Calcutta, 92, A.P.C. Road, Kolkata - 700 009, West Bengal, India.

Background To compare the state of iodine nutrition among school age children (SAC) in high- (HSGs) and low-socioeconomic groups (LSGs) during a post iodation scenario in Kolkata. Methods Clinical examinations of the goiter, median urinary iodine (MUI), mean urinary thiocyanate (MUSCN) in SAC (6-12 years) from both sexes in the different socioeconomic groups were carried out and the iodine content of edible salt was measured. Results A total of 5315 SAC, of which 2875 SAC were from a HSG and another 2440 SAC from an LSG were clinically examined for goiter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2018-0344DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Driving Policy Change to Improve Micronutrient Status in Women of Reproductive Age and Children in Southeast Asia: The SMILING Project.

Matern Child Health J 2019 Jan;23(Suppl 1):79-85

Institute of Research for Development (IRD), UMR 204 Nutripass IRD/UM/SupAgro, Montpellier, France.

Objective The SMILING (Sustainable Micronutrient Interventions to Control Deficiencies and Improve Nutritional Status and General Health in Asia) project aimed at creating awareness and improving policies around micronutrient deficiencies in five Southeast Asian countries (Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Indonesia). Results The project showed large gaps in recent data on micronutrient status in most of the five countries. By updating existing, or creating national food composition tables, the SMILING project enabled analyses of food consumption in women of reproductive age and young children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10995-018-02730-zDOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Goitre Is No Longer Prevalent and Urinary Iodine Excretion Is above Normal among School Going Children in Jabalpur, India: Is This Major Health Problem Already Solved?

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Human Nutrition Unit, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, Delhi, India.

Iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) is a major public health problem in India. We conducted this study to assess goitre prevalence, urinary iodine excretion (UIE) among school children and to determine iodine concentration in salt samples at consumer level, in Jabalpur district. We adopted "30 cluster" sampling, recommended by joint WHO/UNICEF/ICCIDD Consultation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy076DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Prevention & control of fluorosis & linked disorders: Developments in the 21 Century - Reaching out to patients in the community & hospital settings for recovery.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Nov;148(5):539-547

Centre for Promotion of Nutrition Research and Training with special focus on North East, tribal & Inaccessible Population, Division of Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research (Campus II), Tuberculosis Association of India Building, New Delhi; ICMR-Desert Medicine Research Centre, Jodhpur, India.

The review on fluorosis addresses the genesis of the disease, diagnostic protocols developed, mitigation and recovery through nutritional interventions. It reveals the structural and functional damages caused to skeletal muscle and erythrocytes, leading to clinical manifestations in fluorosis. Hormonal derangements resulting in serious abnormalities in the health of children and adults are discussed. Read More

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http://www.ijmr.org.in/text.asp?2018/148/5/539/249979
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1775_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366265PMC
November 2018
17 Reads

Micronutrient status of Indian population.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Nov;148(5):511-521

Centre for Promotion of Nutrition Research and Training with Special Focus on North East, Tribal & Inaccessible Population, Division of Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research (Campus II), Tuberculosis Association of India Building, New Delhi; ICMR-Desert Medicine Research Centre, Jodhpur, India.

Micronutrients play an important role in the proper growth and development of the human body and its deficiency affects the health contributing to low productivity and vicious cycle of malnutrition, underdevelopment as well as poverty. Micronutrient deficiency is a public health problem affecting more than one-fourth of the global population. Several programmes have been launched over the years in India to improve nutrition and health status of the population; however, a large portion of the population is still affected by micronutrient deficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1768_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366258PMC
November 2018
6 Reads

National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Programme: Current status & future strategy.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Nov;148(5):503-510

Indian Coalition for Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs) constitute a significant public health problem globally. In India, the entire population is prone to IDDs due to deficiency of iodine in the soil of the sub-continent and thus both animal and plant source food grown on the iodine-deficient soil. IDDs encompass the spectrum of disability and disease and include goitre, cretinism, hypothyroidism, abortion, stillbirth, brain damage, learning disabilities, mental retardation, psychomotor defects, hearing and speech impairment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1717_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366256PMC
November 2018
4 Reads