5,884 results match your criteria Iodine Deficiency


[The role of food in prevention and correction of iodine deficiency in the endemic territory].

Vopr Pitan 2018 13;87(5):27-36. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Industrial University of Tyumen.

Iodine supply remains the global problem due to the wide prevalence and a wide range of clinical manifestations in all age groups of population. However, iodine deficiency is a nutritional deficiency and the solution of this problem lies in the organization of rational nutrition of the population. The purpose of this study was to examine the food features of the population of the mild iodine-deficient region from the standpoint of adequacy of iodine sufficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24411/0042-8833-2018-10050DOI Listing
September 2018

Iodine fortification of foods and condiments, other than salt, for preventing iodine deficiency disorders.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 Feb 12;2:CD010734. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Office of the Chief Scientist, The George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) affect close to 1.9 billion people worldwide, and are a major public health concern in many countries. Among children, iodine deficiency is the main cause of potentially preventable deficits of central nervous system development and impairment of cognitive function, as well as goitre and hypothyroidism in people of all ages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD010734.pub2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370918PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Association Between Thyroid Nodules and Volume and Metabolic Syndrome in an Iodine-Adequate Area: A Large Community-Based Population Study.

Metab Syndr Relat Disord 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

1 Department of Endocrinology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Background: Given its high incidence, thyroid nodule (TN) warrants public attention. Thyroid volume (TV) has also been associated with multiple factors, such as iodine deficiency and supply and body mass index. It is well known that metabolic syndrome (MetS) comprises many metabolic disturbances, with insulin resistance being its major component. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/met.2018.0094DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Is iodine deficiency still a problem in sub-Saharan Africa?: a review.

Proc Nutr Soc 2019 Feb 11:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Nutritional Sciences,College of Human Sciences, Texas Tech University,Texas,USA.

Iodine is an essential trace mineral, vital for its functions in many physiological processes in the human body. Both iodine deficiency (ID) and excess are associated with adverse health effects; ID and excess iodine intake have both been identified in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The review aims to (1) review the iodine status among populations in SSA until October 2018, and (2) identify populations at risk of excess or inadequate iodine intakes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0029665118002859DOI Listing
February 2019

[State of bone in children living in different conditions of environment].

Wiad Lek 2018 ;71(9):1722-1728

I.Horbachevsky Ternopil State Medical University, Ternopil, Ukraine.

Objective: Introduction: Environmental pollution, deficiency of fluorine and iodine significantly affect the state of dental health of children and the structural and functional status of the bone system. The aim: Therefore, the task of our study was to establish a connection between the structural and functional state of bone tissue and dental ankles with anthropogenic and geochemical factors in the environment.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: In order to achieve the goal of the study, we examined 496 children aged 6-15 years living in areas with different ecological loads. Read More

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January 2018
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Iodine status of euthyroid adults: A cross-sectional, multicenter study.

J Clin Lab Anal 2019 Feb 8:e22837. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Science, Beijing, China.

Background: Iodine, an essential nutrient, is the most important trace element in thyroid hormone synthesis and maintenance of thyroid function. This study investigated the iodine nutrition status in healthy Chinese adults and assessed the relationship between urinary iodine concentration (UIC) and thyroid hormone levels.

Methods: A cross-sectional, multicenter study was conducted between October 2017 and January 2018, with 1017 adults recruited from five cities in China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcla.22837DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Evaluation and management of the child with hypothyroidism.

World J Pediatr 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Medicine, The University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

Background: Thyroid hormones are critical for early neurocognitive development as well as growth and development throughout childhood. Prompt recognition and treatment of hypothyroidism is, therefore, of utmost importance to optimize physical and neurodevelopmental outcomes.

Data Sources: A PubMed search was completed in Clinical Queries using the key terms "hypothyroidism". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12519-019-00230-wDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Similarities and differences of dietary and other determinants of iodine status in pregnant women from three European birth cohorts.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK.

Purpose: As a component of thyroid hormones, adequate iodine intake is essential during pregnancy for fetal neurodevelopment. Across Europe, iodine deficiency is common in pregnancy, but data are lacking on the predictors of iodine status at this life stage. We, therefore, aimed to explore determinants of iodine status during pregnancy in three European populations of differing iodine status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01913-wDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Monitoring of salt iodisation programme in Iran; Health outcomes, shortages and perspective.

J Trace Elem Med Biol 2019 Mar 10;52:6-11. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Center for Air Pollution Research (CAPR), Institute for Environmental Research (IER), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Centre for Water Quality Research (CWQI), Institute for Environmental Research (IER), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Iodine deficiency disorders include a wide range of metabolic and nonmetabolic disorders including goiter. To control IDDs, the World Health Organization and responsible agencies in countries established daily iodine uptake. Almost all the countries in the world provide the required iodine through salt iodisation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtemb.2018.11.004DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Serum iodine concentration in pregnant women and its association with urinary iodine concentration and thyroid function.

Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the association of serum iodine concentration (SIC) with urinary iodine concentration (UIC) and thyroid function in pregnant women, as well as to provide the reference range of SIC of pregnant women in iodine-sufficiency area.

Methods: Pregnant women were enrolled in the Department of Obstetrics, Tanggu Maternity Hospital, Tianjin from March 2016 to May 2017. Fasting venous blood and spot urine samples were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cen.13945DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
3.457 Impact Factor

Socioeconomic status of the population - a prime determinant in evaluating iodine nutritional status even in a post salt iodization scenario.

J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2019 Feb;32(2):143-149

UGC Emeritus Professor, Endocrinology and Reproductive Physiology Laboratory, Department of Physiology, University College of Science and Technology, University of Calcutta, 92, A.P.C. Road, Kolkata - 700 009, West Bengal, India.

Background To compare the state of iodine nutrition among school age children (SAC) in high- (HSGs) and low-socioeconomic groups (LSGs) during a post iodation scenario in Kolkata. Methods Clinical examinations of the goiter, median urinary iodine (MUI), mean urinary thiocyanate (MUSCN) in SAC (6-12 years) from both sexes in the different socioeconomic groups were carried out and the iodine content of edible salt was measured. Results A total of 5315 SAC, of which 2875 SAC were from a HSG and another 2440 SAC from an LSG were clinically examined for goiter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2018-0344DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Driving Policy Change to Improve Micronutrient Status in Women of Reproductive Age and Children in Southeast Asia: The SMILING Project.

Matern Child Health J 2019 Jan;23(Suppl 1):79-85

Institute of Research for Development (IRD), UMR 204 Nutripass IRD/UM/SupAgro, Montpellier, France.

Objective The SMILING (Sustainable Micronutrient Interventions to Control Deficiencies and Improve Nutritional Status and General Health in Asia) project aimed at creating awareness and improving policies around micronutrient deficiencies in five Southeast Asian countries (Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Indonesia). Results The project showed large gaps in recent data on micronutrient status in most of the five countries. By updating existing, or creating national food composition tables, the SMILING project enabled analyses of food consumption in women of reproductive age and young children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10995-018-02730-zDOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Goitre Is No Longer Prevalent and Urinary Iodine Excretion Is above Normal among School Going Children in Jabalpur, India: Is This Major Health Problem Already Solved?

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Human Nutrition Unit, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, Delhi, India.

Iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) is a major public health problem in India. We conducted this study to assess goitre prevalence, urinary iodine excretion (UIE) among school children and to determine iodine concentration in salt samples at consumer level, in Jabalpur district. We adopted "30 cluster" sampling, recommended by joint WHO/UNICEF/ICCIDD Consultation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy076DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Prevention & control of fluorosis & linked disorders: Developments in the 21 Century - Reaching out to patients in the community & hospital settings for recovery.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Nov;148(5):539-547

Centre for Promotion of Nutrition Research and Training with special focus on North East, tribal & Inaccessible Population, Division of Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research (Campus II), Tuberculosis Association of India Building, New Delhi; ICMR-Desert Medicine Research Centre, Jodhpur, India.

The review on fluorosis addresses the genesis of the disease, diagnostic protocols developed, mitigation and recovery through nutritional interventions. It reveals the structural and functional damages caused to skeletal muscle and erythrocytes, leading to clinical manifestations in fluorosis. Hormonal derangements resulting in serious abnormalities in the health of children and adults are discussed. Read More

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http://www.ijmr.org.in/text.asp?2018/148/5/539/249979
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1775_18DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Micronutrient status of Indian population.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Nov;148(5):511-521

Centre for Promotion of Nutrition Research and Training with Special Focus on North East, Tribal & Inaccessible Population, Division of Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research (Campus II), Tuberculosis Association of India Building, New Delhi; ICMR-Desert Medicine Research Centre, Jodhpur, India.

Micronutrients play an important role in the proper growth and development of the human body and its deficiency affects the health contributing to low productivity and vicious cycle of malnutrition, underdevelopment as well as poverty. Micronutrient deficiency is a public health problem affecting more than one-fourth of the global population. Several programmes have been launched over the years in India to improve nutrition and health status of the population; however, a large portion of the population is still affected by micronutrient deficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1768_18DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Programme: Current status & future strategy.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Nov;148(5):503-510

Indian Coalition for Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs) constitute a significant public health problem globally. In India, the entire population is prone to IDDs due to deficiency of iodine in the soil of the sub-continent and thus both animal and plant source food grown on the iodine-deficient soil. IDDs encompass the spectrum of disability and disease and include goitre, cretinism, hypothyroidism, abortion, stillbirth, brain damage, learning disabilities, mental retardation, psychomotor defects, hearing and speech impairment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1717_18DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Women's morbid conditions are associated with decreased odds of live birth in the first IVF/ICSI treatment: a retrospective single-center study.

J Assist Reprod Genet 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

Purpose: The present study aims to ascertain whether there is a causal relationship between women's disease conditions present at the starting time of the first intended oocyte retrieval cycle and IVF/ICSI outcomes, primarily odds of live birth in the first IVF/ICSI treatment.

Methods: This is a retrospective study of infertile healthy and diseased women that had a live birth and/or exhibited a complete first oocyte retrieval cycle. Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) models were applied to adjust standard errors for the potential correlation among women exhibiting the same infertility etiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10815-019-01401-4DOI Listing
January 2019
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Women Remain at Risk of Iodine Deficiency during Pregnancy: The Importance of Iodine Supplementation before Conception and Throughout Gestation.

Nutrients 2019 Jan 15;11(1). Epub 2019 Jan 15.

School of Medicine, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 34, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia.

In Australia, pregnant women are advised to take an iodine supplement (I-supp) (150 µg/day) to reduce risks to the foetus associated with iodine deficiency (ID). To examine the impact of this recommendation on iodine status, and to identify factors that contribute to adequacy during gestation, supplement use and Urinary Iodine Concentration (UIC) was measured in 255 pregnant women (gestation range 6 to 41 weeks) in Tasmania. The median UIC (MUIC) of 133 µg/L (Inter-quartile range 82⁻233) was indicative of ID, being below the 150⁻249 µg/L range for adequacy during pregnancy. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/11/1/172
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11010172DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6356319PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Thyroglobulin Is Markedly Elevated in 6- to 24-Month-Old Infants at Both Low and High Iodine Intakes and Suggests a Narrow Optimal Iodine Intake Range.

Thyroid 2019 Feb;29(2):268-277

1 Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food, Nutrition and Health, ETH Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: In areas with incomplete salt iodization coverage, infants and children aged 6-24 months weaning from breast milk and receiving complementary foods are at risk of iodine deficiency. However, few data exist on the risk of excessive iodine intake in this age group. Thyroglobulin (Tg) is a sensitive marker of iodine intake in school-age children and adults and may be used to estimate the optimal iodine intake range in infancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/thy.2018.0321DOI Listing
February 2019
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The effect of iodine deficiency during pregnancy on child development.

Authors:
Sarah C Bath

Proc Nutr Soc 2019 Jan 15:1-11. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences,University of Surrey,Guildford GU2 7XH,UK.

It is well known that severe iodine deficiency during pregnancy may cause impaired brain development in the child, with effects on cognitive and motor function, hearing and speech. Whether mild-to-moderate deficiency also affects neurological development is less well known, but in the past decade a number of observational studies have been conducted to answer this question and these studies are reviewed in this article. The picture is now emerging that even mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency during pregnancy may be associated with subtle impairments in cognition and school performance, although the evidence from randomised controlled trials is still lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0029665118002835DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Assessment of iodine supplementation program on thyroid function in Sudan.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2019 Jan - Feb;13(1):678-680. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Physics Department, Committee on Radiation and Environmental Pollution Protection, College of Science, Al Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU), P.O. Box 90950, Riyadh, 11623, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

The aim of this Study is to investigate whether the Iodine Supplementation Programme is successful or not. This Programme was implemented in Nyala to treat the Iodine deficiency. In this Study Nyala was selected to act as (a study area), due to the history of Iodine deficiency of this region, while Khartoum was selected to act as (a control area). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18714021183048
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsx.2018.11.036DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Insights into the role of bacteria in vitamin A biosynthesis: Future research opportunities.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2019 Jan 13:1-16. Epub 2019 Jan 13.

a Department of Consumer and Food Sciences , University of Pretoria, Hatfield Campus , Pretoria, South Africa.

Significant efforts have been made to address the hidden hunger challenges due to iron, zinc, iodine, and vitamin A since the beginning of the 21st century. Prioritizing the vitamin A deficiency (VAD) disorders, many countries are looking for viable alternative strategies such as biofortification. One of the leading causes of VAD is the poor bioconversion of β-carotene into retinoids. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2018.1546670DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Prevention of Iodine Deficiency Disorders in Children in India - the Way Forward.

Authors:
P S N Menon

Indian J Pediatr 2019 Feb 12;86(2):113-115. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

Department of Pediatrics, Jaber Al-Ahmed Armed Forces Hospital, Kuwait City, Kuwait.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12098-018-02849-5DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Hypothyroidism associated with short bowel syndrome in children: a report of six cases.

Arch Endocrinol Metab 2018 ;62(6):655-660

Serviço de Cirurgia Pediátrica e Transplante Hepático, Laboratório de Investigação em Cirurgia Pediátrica (LIM-30), Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (FMUSP), São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is the leading cause of intestinal failure in children, a condition of absence of sufficient bowel to meet the nutritional and metabolic needs of a growing individual. The treatment of patients in this situation is based on the association of parenteral and enteral nutrition for prolonged periods of time until intestinal rehabilitation occurs with complete enteral nutrition autonomy. Six consecutive cases of children with SBS (residual intestinal length of 5 cm to 75 cm) were managed with this program and were diagnosed with associated hypothyroidism during the treatment (ages at the diagnosis 5 months to 12 years). Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.20945/2359-3997000000093DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Implications of Na/I Symporter Transport to the Plasma Membrane for Thyroid Hormonogenesis and Radioiodide Therapy.

J Endocr Soc 2019 Jan 5;3(1):222-234. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Departamento de Bioquímica Clínica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina.

Iodine is a crucial component of thyroid hormones; therefore, a key requirement for thyroid hormone biosynthesis is that iodide (I) be actively accumulated in the thyroid follicular cell. The ability of the thyroid epithelia to concentrate I is ultimately dependent on functional Na/ I symporter (NIS) expression at the plasma membrane. Underscoring the significance of NIS for thyroid physiology, loss-of-function mutations in the NIS-coding gene cause an I transport defect, resulting in dyshormonogenic congenital hypothyroidism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/js.2018-00100DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6316985PMC
January 2019
1 Read

A Review of Iodine Status of Women of Reproductive Age in the USA.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2019 Mar 7;188(1):208-220. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Texas Woman's University, P.O. Box 425888, Denton, TX, 76204-5876, USA.

Iodine, an essential micronutrient, is required to produce thyroid hormones. Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) comprise a range of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes, with the most significant irreversible effect resulting from neurodevelopmental deficits in fetal brain caused by deficient iodine status during early pregnancy. The objective of this scoping review was to summarize the studies that assessed iodine status of women of reproductive age in the USA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12011-018-1606-5DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Prevalence of goiter and associated factors among pregnant mothers residing in a district with poor socioeconomic status in Rajasthan state, India.

J Family Med Prim Care 2018 Nov-Dec;7(6):1334-1340

Department of Community and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India.

Background: National survey documented that none of the Indian state is free from iodine deficiency (ID). Hence, the study was conducted with the objective to assess prevalence of goiter and associated factors among pregnant mothers (PMs) in a backward district of Indian state, Rajasthan.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted during January to March 2015. Read More

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http://www.jfmpc.com/text.asp?2018/7/6/1334/246457
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_150_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293936PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Selenium Intake in Iodine-Deficient Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women in New Zealand.

Nutrients 2019 Jan 1;11(1). Epub 2019 Jan 1.

School of Food and Advanced Technology, College of Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand.

Selenium plays a role in antioxidant status and, together with iodine, in thyroid function. Iodine deficiency exists in New Zealand during pregnancy and lactation, and selenium deficiency may further affect thyroid function. This study investigated selenium intakes of pregnant and lactating women, in Palmerston North, in the North Island of New Zealand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11010069DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6356683PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

A systematic review of iodine deficiency among women in the UK.

Public Health Nutr 2018 Dec 31:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Oncology & Metabolism, Human Nutrition Unit, The Medical School,University of Sheffield,Sheffield S10 2RX,UK.

Objective: The present study reviewed the literature on iodine status among women of childbearing age and pregnant women in the UK. Particular attention was given to study quality and methods used to assess iodine status.

Design: A systematic review was conducted to examine the literature and critically evaluate study design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003506DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Assessment of Iodine Deficiency Disorders among School Children in Madhya Pradesh.

Indian Pediatr 2018 11;55(11):1007-1008

Departmnt of Radiodiagnosis, SMS Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan; India.

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November 2018
4 Reads
1.014 Impact Factor

Mapping the Literature on Nutritional Interventions in Cognitive Health: A Data-Driven Approach.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 24;11(1). Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Wellbeing, Research School of Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra 0200, Australia.

Manual review of the extensive literature covering nutrition-based lifestyle interventions to promote healthy cognitive ageing has proved educational, however, data-driven techniques can better account for the large size of the literature (tens of thousands of potentially relevant publications to date) and interdisciplinary nature, where relevant publications may be found. In this study, we present a new way to map the literature landscape, focusing on nutrition-based lifestyle interventions to promote healthy cognitive ageing. We applied a combination of citation network analysis and text mining to map out the existing literature on nutritional interventions and cognitive health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11010038DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6356193PMC
December 2018

The joint role of thyroid function and iodine concentration on gestational diabetes risk in a population-based study.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2018 Dec 23. Epub 2018 Dec 23.

Division of Intramural Population Health Research, National Institutes of Health, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Introduction: Iodine is essential for thyroid function, and iodine deficiency during pregnancy is common in Europe and the USA. However, no published studies have examined the role of iodine deficiency in the relationship between thyroid function and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Material And Methods: We conducted a population-based, nested case-control study within the Finnish Maternity Cohort using pregnancy and perinatal outcome data from the Finnish Maternal Birth Register. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aogs.13523DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Increased incidence rate of hypothyroidism after iodine fortification in Denmark. A 20 year prospective population-based study.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Endocrinology, Aalborg University Hospital, Denmark.

Objective: To monitor the impact of a cautious iodine fortification (IF) on the incidence of overt hypothyroidism in two sub-populations with different levels of preexisting iodine deficiency (ID).

Design: A 20 years (1997-2016) prospective population-based study identified all new cases of diagnosed overt biochemical hypothyroidism in two open cohorts: a Western cohort with moderate ID (n=309,434, January 1st, 1997) and an Eastern cohort with mild ID (n=224,535, January 1st, 1997). A diagnostic algorithm was applied to all thyroid function tests performed within the study areas and possible new cases were verified individually. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2018-01993DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Spiritual health: Need for its mainstreaming in health-care delivery in India.

Indian J Public Health 2018 Oct-Dec;62(4):251-252

Assistant Professor, Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijph.IJPH_319_18DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Dietary vitamin and mineral intakes in a sample of pregnant women with either gestational diabetes or type 1 diabetes mellitus, assessed in comparison with Polish nutritional guidelines.

Ginekol Pol 2018;89(11):581-586

1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Objectives: Maintaining proper nutrition during pregnancy is crucial for pregnant women and especially for who have been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) or who develop gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Material And Methods: To measure differences in vitamin and mineral intakes among women with normal pregnancies, pregnant women with GDM, and pregnant women with pre-gestational T1DM; and to assess the women's dietary intakes in comparison with Polish nutritional guidelines. The analysis was conducted among 83 pregnant women (29 GDM patients, 26 T1DM patients and 28 normal pregnancy participants) from whom we collected seven-day 24-hour dietary records during the second part of their pregnancies. Read More

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https://journals.viamedica.pl/ginekologia_polska/article/vie
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/GP.a2018.0100DOI Listing
January 2018
10 Reads

Assessment of Dietary Iodine Intake in School Age Children: The Cross-Sectional ANIVA Study.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 3;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Food Sciences, Toxicology and Legal Medicine, School of Pharmacy, University of Valencia, Vicent Andres Estelles Avenue, Burjassot, 46100 Valencia, Spain.

Iodine deficiency is one of the most important health problems in the world. It intervenes in the synthesis of thyroid hormones, which carry out important functions, so that a deficit of this mineral causes alterations of different kinds such as those related to growth. The objective of the present study was to know the prevalence of iodine deficit in the diet of Valencian children from 6 to 8 years old and their relationship with anthropometry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu10121884DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6315605PMC
December 2018
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The suitability of chili pepper ( L.) for alleviating human micronutrient dietary deficiencies: A review.

Food Sci Nutr 2018 Nov 8;6(8):2239-2251. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Botany Medicinal Plants and Economic Development (MPED) Research Centre University of Fort Hare Alice South Africa.

Human micronutrient dietary deficiency remains an enormous global problem and probably accounts for the cause of many chronic health conditions and diseases. Above two (2) billion individuals on the planet today have been estimated to be deficient in major minerals and vitamins, predominantly zinc, iodine, vitamin A, and iron primarily due to inadequate dietary intake. The eradication of deficiencies in micronutrient on a sustainable basis will be conceivable only when diets of vulnerable populace provide all required nutrients in adequate amounts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fsn3.790DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6261225PMC
November 2018
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Biomarkers of Nutrition for Development (BOND): Vitamin B-12 Review.

J Nutr 2018 Dec;148(suppl_4):1995S-2027S

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), NIH, Bethesda, MD.

This report on vitamin B-12 (B12) is part of the Biomarkers of Nutrition for Development (BOND) Project, which provides state-of-the art information and advice on the selection, use, and interpretation of biomarkers of nutrient exposure, status, and function. As with the other 5 reports in this series, which focused on iodine, folate, zinc, iron, and vitamin A, this B12 report was developed with the assistance of an expert panel (BOND B12 EP) and other experts who provided information during a consultation. The experts reviewed the existing literature in depth in order to consolidate existing relevant information on the biology of B12, including known and possible effects of insufficiency, and available and potential biomarkers of status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxy201DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6297555PMC
December 2018
18 Reads

Risks of excess iodine intake in Ghana: current situation, challenges, and lessons for the future.

Ann N Y Acad Sci 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, University of Ghana, School of Public Health, Legon, Accra, Ghana.

In Ghana, iodine deficiency was first reported in 1994 among 33% of the population. A nationwide Universal Salt Iodization (USI) program plus other complementary interventions were subsequently implemented as a response. Our paper reviews the current risks of excess iodine status in Ghana and identifies policy and research gaps. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nyas.13988DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads
4.313 Impact Factor

WITHDRAWN: Iodine supplementation for preventing iodine deficiency disorders in children.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 11 29;11:CD003819. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Researcher in Systematic Reviews, Georg-Kerschensteiner-Straße 16, Munich, Germany, 81829.

Background: Iodine deficiency is the main cause of potentially preventable mental retardation in childhood, as well as causing goitre and hypothyroidism in people of all ages. It is still prevalent in large parts of the world.

Objectives: To assess the effects of iodine supplementation overall, and of different forms and dosages of iodine supplementation separately, in the prevention of iodine deficiency disorders in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD003819.pub3DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Supplementation of micronutrients in children and food fortification initiatives in Sri Lanka: benefits versus risks.

Ann N Y Acad Sci 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

In recent decades, Sri Lanka has made substantial progress in reducing the burden of micronutrient deficiencies in children by the provision of vitamin A megadose and micronutrient supplementation programs for children of 6-23 months, along with universal iodization of salt. Consumption of voluntarily fortified foods by children was also considerably increased. The objective of our study here was to review such interventions, which are beneficial in childhood, and to assess the risk of toxicity due to excessive intakes of iron, vitamin A, and iodine. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/nyas.13987
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nyas.13987DOI Listing
November 2018
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Iodine status of children and knowledge, attitude, practice of iodised salt use in a remote community in Kerema district, Gulf province, Papua New Guinea.

PLoS One 2018 28;13(11):e0197647. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Southeast Asia and the Pacific, Iodine Global Network, Bangkok, Thailand.

Iodine deficiency is the single most common cause of preventable mental impairment in communities with suboptimal iodine intake. Objective of the present study was to assess in more detail the iodine status and knowledge, attitudes and practice (KAP) relating to use of iodised salt in a remote community in Kotidanga area, Kerema district, Gulf province, Papua New Guinea. This prospective school and community based cross-sectional study was carried out in 2017. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0197647PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6261389PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Thyroid Cancer and Iodine Deficiency Status: A 10-Year Review at a Single Cancer Center in Tanzania.

OTO Open 2018 Apr-Jun;2(2):2473974X18777238. Epub 2018 May 22.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA.

Objective: To highlight the magnitude and distribution of thyroid cancer at the largest cancer center in Tanzania and to correlate patient region of residence with regions of dietary iodine adequacy and deficiency in the country.

Study Design: A retrospective cross-sectional chart review to characterize patients with thyroid cancer and regions of residence.

Setting: Ocean Road Cancer Institute (ORCI), the largest cancer center in Tanzania. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2473974X18777238DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6239144PMC
May 2018
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Trace Element Provision in Parenteral Nutrition in Children: One Size Does Not Fit All.

Nutrients 2018 Nov 21;10(11). Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Clinical Nutrition Unit, Department of Gastroenterology and Clinical Nutrition, The Royal Children's Hospital, 3052 Melbourne, Australia.

Routine administration of trace elements is recognised as a standard of care in children requiring parenteral nutrition. However, there is a lack of global consensus regarding trace elements provision and dosing in pediatric parenteral nutrition. This review provides an overview of available evidence regarding trace elements supply and posology in parenteral nutrition in neonates and children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu10111819DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266164PMC
November 2018
13 Reads

Association Between Maternal Iodine Intake in Pregnancy and Childhood Neurodevelopment at Age 18 Months.

Am J Epidemiol 2019 Feb;188(2):332-338

South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

There are limited and inconsistent data suggesting that mild iodine deficiency in pregnancy might be associated with poorer developmental outcomes in children. Between 2011 and 2015, we conducted a prospective cohort study in Australia examining the relationship between maternal iodine intake in pregnancy and childhood neurodevelopment, assessed using Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (Bayley-III), in 699 children at 18 months. Maternal iodine intake and urinary iodine concentration (UIC) were assessed at study entry (<20 weeks' gestation) and at 28 weeks' gestation. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/aje/advance-article/doi/10.1093/aje
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwy225DOI Listing
February 2019
19 Reads

[Analysis of surveillance on iodine deficiency disorders in the interim of readjustment of salt iodine in Sichuan Province].

Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Nov;52(11):1190-1192

Institute for Endemic Diseases Control and Prevention, Sichuan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chengdu 610041, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-9624.2018.11.019DOI Listing
November 2018
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Language delay and poorer school performance in children of mothers with inadequate iodine intake in pregnancy: results from follow-up at 8 years in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study.

Eur J Nutr 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Division of Infection Control and Environmental Health, Department of Exposure and Environmental Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Skøyen, P.O. Box 222, 0213, Oslo, Norway.

Purpose: Some studies indicate that mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency in pregnant women might negatively affect offspring neurocognitive development, including previous results from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort study (MoBa) exploring maternally reported child development at age 3 years. The aim of this follow-up study was to investigate whether maternal iodine intake in pregnancy is associated with language and learning at 8 years of age.

Methods: The study sample includes 39,471 mother-child pairs participating in MoBa with available information from a validated food frequency questionnaire covering the first half of pregnancy and a questionnaire on child neurocognitive development at 8 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-018-1850-7DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Autoimmune thyroid diseases are more common in patients with prolactinomas: a retrospective case-control study in an Italian cohort.

J Endocrinol Invest 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Medical, Surgical and Neurological Sciences, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.

Background: Prolactin may exert immunological effects. Over the years, a higher prevalence of autoimmune thyroid diseases (ATD) has been reported in patients with prolactinomas (PRLs) in areas with sufficient iodine intake.

Purpose: The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of ATD [Graves' disease (GD) and chronic autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT)] in a retrospective cohort of Italian patients with PRLs compared to a sex-matched control group, represented by subjects with non-functioning pituitary adenoma (NFPA) or empty sella (ES). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40618-018-0972-3DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

The Krakow Declaration: The last chance for Europe to eradicate iodine deficiency.

Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr 2018 Dec 3;65(10):553-555. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Servicio de Endocrinología y Nutrición, Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, Institut de Recerca Germans Trias i Pujol (IGTP), Badalona, Barcelona, España; Área de conocimiento de la Tiroides, grupo de Nutrición de Yodo, Sociedad Española de Endocrinología y Nutrición (SEEN), proyecto EUthyroid (Towards the elimination of iodine deficiency and preventable thyroid-related diseases in Europe - Horizon 2020).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.endinu.2018.10.001DOI Listing
December 2018
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Current state of iodine nutrition in Filipino school-aged children.

Nutrition 2019 Feb 31;58:134-139. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Department of Science and Technology-Food and Nutrition Research Institute (DOST-FNRI), DOST Complex, General Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig City, Philippines.

Objectives: Globally, although progress in eliminating iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) has been reported, IDD is still considered to be a global health problem. As school-aged children are the most accessible population group, their urinary iodine (UI) concentration data are accepted and used as an indicator of IDD for the general population. The aim of this study was to reassess the national, regional, and provincial estimates of UI as a measure of IDD among Filipino school-aged children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.06.023DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads