28,662 results match your criteria Intravenous Immunoglobulin


Epidemiology of Kawasaki Disease in children in Switzerland: a national prospective cohort study.

Swiss Med Wkly 2022 May 26;152:w30171. Epub 2022 May 26.

Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of women-mother-child, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Aim Of The Study: Kawasaki disease is a febrile illness which can lead to significant coronary artery lesions. Its incidence varies among countries and is highest in Japan (330.2 children under 5 years old/100,000 per year). Read More

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Massive Intestinal Bleeding in an Adult with IgA Vasculitis Treated with Intravenous Immunoglobulin.

Case Rep Rheumatol 2022 14;2022:9694911. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Medicine, Hadassah Medical Center, The Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel.

We report the case of a 29-year-old adult presenting with severe IgA vasculitis, with cutaneous, urologic, and renal manifestations. The late appearance of severe gastrointestinal bleeding dominated the clinical picture, necessitating the administration of tens of units of packed cells and the augmentation of the immunosuppressive protocol. It was not until therapy with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) was introduced that the massive bleeding was controlled. Read More

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Clinical presentation and short-term outcomes of multisystemic inflammatory syndrome in children in Lagos, Nigeria during the COVID-19 pandemic: A case series.

EClinicalMedicine 2022 Jul 27;49:101475. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria.

Background: Multisystemic inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) has increasingly been documented globally with the progression of the COVID-19 pandemic and a significant proportion of cases have been noted in children of Black descent. There has been a noticeable discrepancy in the presentation and outcomes of COVID-19 infection in sub-Saharan Africa compared to the rest of the world. We documented the demography, clinical features, laboratory and imaging findings, therapeutic management, and short-term outcomes of paediatric patients with MIS-C diagnosed during the COVID-19 pandemic in Lagos, Nigeria. Read More

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Possible association between Guillain-Barré syndrome and SARS-CoV-2 infection in children: A case report and literature review.

Exp Ther Med 2022 Jul 23;24(1):462. Epub 2022 May 23.

Department of Pediatrics, Chivasso Hospital, I-10034 Turin, Italy.

Neurological manifestations of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection have been reported in adults and in children, varying from mild to more debilitant symptoms, including fatigue, headache and dizziness. A series of studies have revealed a possible association between Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), the most common cause of acute flaccid paralysis at all ages, and SARS-CoV-2 infection. Case reports of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-associated GBS mainly include adult patients, while only a few pediatric cases have been reported. Read More

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Autoimmune Voltage-Gated Potassium Channel Limbic Encephalitis With Auditory and Visual Hallucinations.

Cureus 2022 May 21;14(5):e25186. Epub 2022 May 21.

Department of Neurology, UMass Chan Medical School, Worcester, USA.

The limbic system (LS) coordinates an important role in memory generation, creating an emotional response to stress, and helping regulate autonomic and endocrine functions. Dysfunction of the limbic system can present secondary to many pathologies including autoimmune, infectious, paraneoplastic, etc. Lesions to the limbic system can also lead to varying symptoms which can be challenging for physicians to correctly identify and treat. Read More

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Multifocal Motor Neuropathy With Cranial Nerve Involvement and Vocal Cord Paralysis: A Case Report.

Cureus 2022 May 21;14(5):e25179. Epub 2022 May 21.

Department of Neuroscience, University of the East Ramon Magsaysay Memorial Medical Center, Quezon City, PHL.

Multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) is a progressive, multifocal weakness, which typically begins and predominates in the upper extremities with the absence of a sensory deficit and a hallmark electrophysiologic finding of conduction block. We describe a case of an adult male with MMN who developed both cranial nerve involvement and vocal cord paralysis. The patient presented with left shoulder weakness without sensory loss followed by hoarseness of voice and later developed tongue deviation and wasting of the left sternocleidomastoid and left trapezius muscle. Read More

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Repurposing an In Vitro Measles Virus Dissemination Assay for Screening of Antiviral Compounds.

Viruses 2022 May 29;14(6). Epub 2022 May 29.

Department of Viroscience, Erasmus MC, 3015 GD Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Measles virus (MV) is a highly contagious respiratory virus responsible for outbreaks associated with significant morbidity and mortality among children and young adults. Although safe and effective measles vaccines are available, the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in vaccination coverage gaps that may lead to the resurgence of measles when restrictions are lifted. This puts individuals who cannot be vaccinated, such as young infants and immunocompromised individuals, at risk. Read More

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Clinical Manifestations and Laboratory Findings of Kawasaki Disease: Beyond the Classic Diagnostic Features.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 May 30;58(6). Epub 2022 May 30.

Department of Pediatric, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Yaacob Latif, Kuala Lumpur 56000, Malaysia.

Kawasaki disease (KD) has shown a marked increase in trend over the globe, especially within the last two decades. Kawasaki disease is often seen in the paediatric population below five years old, while it is rare for those who are beyond that age. Up to this date, no exact causes has been identified although KD was found more than half a century ago. Read More

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Bacille Calmette-Guérin Site Reactivation of Kawasaki Disease in Infants under 3 Months of Age: Relation with Diagnosis and Prognosis.

Children (Basel) 2022 Jun 8;9(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Kyungpook National University Children's Hospital, Daegu 41404, Korea.

Diagnosis of Kawasaki disease in infants under 3 months of age is challenging. This study aimed to confirm the diagnostic efficacy of BCGitis in patients with Kawasaki disease aged <3 months. Overall, 473 children were enrolled; they were grouped by age into group 1 (≤3 months, = 19) and group 2 (>3 months, = 454). Read More

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Human Encephalitis Caused by Pseudorabies Virus in China: A Case Report and Systematic Review.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

The Fifth People's Hospital of Anyang, Anyang, China.

Pseudorabies virus (PRV) is a common pathogen found in pigs. The pathogenicity of PRV in humans is under researched and there are few confirmed cases of PRV infections in humans, which has led to a lack of clinical consensus. We presented a case of viral encephalitis caused by PRV in China. Read More

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Guillain-Barré syndrome in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Report of three cases.

Rev Med Chil 2021 Dec;149(12):1812-1816

Departamento de Ciencias Neurológicas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Several cases of Guillain Barre Syndrome (GBS) associated with SARS-CoV-2 have been published, most being acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy. Between April and December 2020, 1,499 cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection were admitted to Hospital del Salvador, in Santiago, Chile, serving a population of 521,920 adults. In the same period, seven cases of GBS were admitted. Read More

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December 2021

Critical Care Course of Pediatric Inflammatory Multisystem Syndrome Temporally Associated with SARS-CoV-2 and Response to Immunomodulation.

J Pediatr Intensive Care 2022 Jun 4;11(2):124-129. Epub 2020 Dec 4.

Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Birmingham Women's and Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

We describe the critical care course of children with a novel hyperinflammatory syndrome associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome temporally associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), with focus on trajectory before and after immunomodulation. Overall, 10 patients who met the U.K. Read More

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Rituximab in Refractory Myositis and Acute Neuropathy Secondary to Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy.

Cureus 2022 May 19;14(5):e25129. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Neurology, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA.

Checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapies have been one of the latest advances through the last decade in the treatment of various cancers. As their use is increasing so is the knowledge of their complications which can affect various organ systems including the central and peripheral nervous systems. Management of these complications requires stopping the offending agent and in some cases treating with immunosuppressive agents like intravenous steroids. Read More

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A Rare Case of COVID-19-Induced Chronic Demyelinating Polyneuropathy.

Cureus 2022 May 20;14(5):e25165. Epub 2022 May 20.

Infectious Disease, Trinity West Medical Center, Steubenville, USA.

Chronic autoimmune demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is a rare autoimmune disorder in which the body's immune system attacks the myelin sheaths. Myelin sheaths are the fatty insulation covering and protecting the nerves, and damage to these can lead to neurological symptoms like numbness, tingling, and weakness. CIDP is a chronic disease in the Guillain-Barré syndrome spectrum. Read More

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Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis Associated With Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome in a Child: A Case Report and Systematic Literature Review.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2022 Jul 13;44(5):e905-e910. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Hematology, University of Health Sciences Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening disorder resulting from excessive activation and nonmalignant proliferation of T-lymphocytes and macrophages. Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a disease characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute renal failure. Reports pertaining to the association between HLH and HUS are rarely published; however, we report on a 4-year-old boy who was diagnosed with both conditions and treated successfully with high-dose steroid and intravenous immunoglobulin. Read More

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Severe intracranial haemorrhage in neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia due to antibodies against human platelet antigen 1b: Case report and literature review.

Transfus Med 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Clinical Department of Transfusion Medicine and Transplantation Biology, University Hospital Centre Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.

Fetal/neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) is a rare life-threatening disorder, leading to severe thrombocytopenia and potentially bleeding, with intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) being the most serious complication. We report on a FNAIT case with fourth-degree ICH that arose due to antibodies against human platelet antigen (HPA)-1b. The male infant, born to an otherwise healthy mother, presented with severe signs of ICH soon after delivery. Read More

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Refractory Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitis in Early Pregnancy: A Case Report of Treatment Course and Pregnancy Outcomes.

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm 2022 Sep 21;9(5). Epub 2022 Jun 21.

From the Department of Neurology (S.F., C.W., L.T., K.M.B., S.V.), University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX; and Department of Neurology (R.N.), Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, AZ.

Background And Objectives: Anti-N-methyl d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis classically affects women of childbearing age, producing a disproportionate number of pregnant women with anti-NMDAR encephalitis. The typical presentation includes progressive neuropsychiatric symptoms, seizures, and alterations in consciousness, all of which present potential risks to the fetus. First-line and second-line treatments similarly pose teratogenic potential; therefore, randomized studies with supportive data on pregnancy and fetal outcomes are lacking. Read More

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September 2022

IgM-enriched immunoglobulin improves colistin efficacy in a pneumonia model by .

Life Sci Alliance 2022 Oct 21;5(10). Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Unit of Infectious Diseases, Microbiology, and Preventive Medicine, Virgen del Rocío University Hospital, Seville, Spain

We evaluated the efficacy of ceftazidime or colistin in combination with polyclonal IgM-enriched immunoglobulin (IgM-IG), in an experimental pneumonia model (C57BL/6J male mice) using two multidrug-resistant strains, both ceftazidime-susceptible and one colistin-resistant. Pharmacodynamically optimised antimicrobials were administered for 72 h, and intravenous IgM-IG was given as a single dose. Bacterial tissues count and the mortality were analysed. Read More

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October 2022

Effect of higher body temperature and acute brain edema on mortality in hemorrhagic shock and encephalopathy syndrome.

J Neurol Sci 2022 Jun 16;439:120321. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Pediatrics, Aizenbashi Hospital, Osaka, Japan.

Objective: Hemorrhagic shock and encephalopathy syndrome (HSES) is a severe subtype of acute encephalopathy with a poor prognosis. The factors associated with acute neurological outcomes in patients with HSES remain unclear. This study aimed to determine the clinical features, laboratory and radiological findings, and treatments that determine the acute outcomes of HSES. Read More

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Challenge of hepatitis B testing following intravenous immunoglobulin therapy in patients with autoimmune skin diseases.

J Dermatol 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Dermatology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.

Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) contains pooled immunoglobulins from the plasma of healthy blood donors. All plasma samples are tested for HIV, hepatitis viruses (A, B, and C), and parvovirus B19. As part of this screening step, nucleic acid amplification technology (NAT) is used and allows the presence of specific antibodies targeting viral structures that are commonly used to test for infection status, such as anti-hepatitis B surface antigen (HBs) or anti-hepatitis B virus core (HBc) antibodies. Read More

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Successful desensitization of high level donor-specific anti-HLA antibody in patients with hematological diseases receiving haploidentical allografts.

Ann Hematol 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Hematology, Air Force Medical Center, PLA, Beijing, China.

Donor-specific anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibody (DSA) is associated with a higher incidence of graft failure and mortality in HLA-mismatched allograft settings. However, the optimal protocol of desensitization for patients with positive DSA remains uncertain. We investigated the effectiveness of a desensitization protocol, including rituximab, high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), and a single session of plasma exchange (PE), for haploidentical allograft recipients with a high mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) level of DSA (≥ 5,000). Read More

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SARS-CoV-2: phenotype, genotype, and characterization of different variants.

Cell Mol Biol Lett 2022 Jun 17;27(1):50. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Clinical Research Development Unit, Hajar Hospital, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the cause of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a major international public health concern. Because of very similar amino acid sequences of the seven domain names, SARS-CoV-2 belongs to the Coronavirinae subfamily of the family Coronaviridae, order Nidovirales, and realm Riboviria, placed in exceptional clusters, but categorized as a SARS-like species. As the RNA virus family with the longest genome, the Coronaviridae genome consists of a single strand of positive RNA (25-32 kb in length). Read More

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Breastfeeding has no protective effects on the development of coronary artery lesions in Kawasaki disease: a retrospective cohort study.

BMC Pediatr 2022 Jun 20;22(1):353. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital of Soochow University, No. 92, Zhongnan Street, Suzhou, China.

Background: Kawasaki disease (KD) is a self-limiting vasculitis with an unknown etiology. It has been reported that breastfeeding has a potential protective effect on KD development. However, whether breastfeeding has an effect on the development of coronary artery lesions (CALs) remains unclear. Read More

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Acupuncture Treatment of Guillain-Barré Syndrome After Using Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors: A Case Report.

Front Neurol 2022 2;13:908282. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China.

Guillain-Barré syndrome(GBS) is an autoimmune-mediated peripheral neuropathy. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are the standard treatment for cancer and may lead to immune-related adverse events (irAEs) such as GBS. Corticosteroids, plasma exchange (PE), and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) are currently accepted treatments for ICI-induced GBS. Read More

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Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Adult Following COVID-19 Vaccination (MIS-AV).

Indian J Crit Care Med 2022 May;26(5):649-650

Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Broomfield Hospital, England, United Kingdom.

The last 2 years have been dominated by coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), its various presentations, complications, and their management. The first COVID-19 vaccine, produced by Pfizer-BioNTech, was granted regulatory approval on December 2, 2020, by the UK medicines regulator medicines and healthcare products regulatory agency (MHRA). It was evaluated for emergency use authorization (EUA) status by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and in several other countries. Read More

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A Novel BLNK Gene Mutation in a Four-Year-Old Child Who Presented with Late Onset of Severe Infections and High IgM Levels and Diagnosed and Followed as X-Linked Agammaglobulinemia for Two Years.

Case Reports Immunol 2022 10;2022:7313009. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey.

Agammaglobulinemia is a rare inherited immunodeficiency disorder. Mutations in the BLNK gene cause low levels of mature B lymphocytes in the peripheral blood leading to recurrent infections. We present a four-year-old Turkish boy who had recurrent respiratory tract infections in the last six months. Read More

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Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis After SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination.

Am J Case Rep 2022 Jun 19;23:e936574. Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Department of Neurology, Northeast Georgia Medical Center, Gainesville, GA, USA.

BACKGROUND Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a disorder of the central nervous system which has been associated with preceding infection as well as vaccinations. We present a case of a 61-year-old woman with ADEM after receiving her initial vaccination for the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). This case highlights management of this acute condition. Read More

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Short and long-term outcomes of children with autoimmune congenital heart block treated with a combined maternal-neonatal therapy. A comparison study.

J Perinatol 2022 Jun 18. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatric Cardiology Unit, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.

Objective: The short and long-term outcomes of children with anti-Ro/La-related congenital heart block treated with a combined maternal-neonatal therapy protocol were compared with those of controls treated with other therapies.

Study Design: Sixteen mothers were treated during pregnancy with a therapy consisting of daily oral fluorinated steroids, weekly plasma exchange and fortnightly intravenous immunoglobulins and their neonates with intravenous immunoglobulins (study group); 19 mothers were treated with fluorinated steroids alone or associated to intravenous immunoglobulins or plasma exchange (control group).

Result: The combined-therapy children showed a significantly lower progression rate from 2nd to 3rd degree block at birth, a significant increase in heart rate at birth and a significantly lower number of pacemaker implants during post-natal follow-up with respect to those treated with the other therapies. Read More

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Clinical Characteristics and Prognosis of Antibody-Negative Autoimmune Encephalitis in Children: A Single-Center Retrospective Study.

Pediatr Neurol 2022 May 25;133:9-14. Epub 2022 May 25.

Department of Pediatrics, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou, China. Electronic address:

Background: Autoimmune encephalitis (AE) is a group of immune-mediated brain diseases. However, new diagnostic criteria for AE in children indicate that partial pediatric patients with AE may be diagnosed without evidence of positive autoantibodies. Therefore, the clinical characteristics and prognosis of children with antibody-negative but probable AE require further investigation. Read More

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