1,122 results match your criteria Intestinal Pseudo-obstruction Surgical Treatment


Acquired diverticular disease of the jejunum and ileum: imaging features and pitfalls.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Radiology, Fondation Hôpital Saint-Joseph, 185 rue Raymond Losserand, 75674, Paris, France.

Purpose: To present radiological aspects of jejunoileal diverticulosis and its complications.

Results: Jejunoileal diverticulosis is a relatively rare and underestimated condition, which mostly affects the elderly. It is frequently asymptomatic but it can lead to significant complications requiring surgical treatment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00261-019-01928-1DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Assessment and outcome of pediatric intestinal pseudo-obstruction: A tertiary-care-center experience from Turkey.

Turk J Gastroenterol 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Izmir Katip Çelebi University - SBU Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey.

Background/aims: Pediatric intestinal pseudo-obstruction (PIPO) is a severe disorder of gut motility. In this rare and difficult-to-manage disease, complex treatment method, such as intestinal transplantation, is sometimes needed. This study evaluated the management and follow-up results of patients with PIPO who received treatment at our center. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/tjg.2019.18287DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Laparoscopic subtotal colectomy for a patient with chronic idiopathic colonic pseudo-obstruction: Report of a case.

Asian J Endosc Surg 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Surgery, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

A 47-year-old male patient without a documented past medical history was referred to Sanno Hospital because of constipation and abdominal pain, which he had had for more than 5 years. Abdominal X-ray and CT scan showed an enlarged ascending colon from the cecum to the transverse colon, without apparent mechanical obstruction. The patient was diagnosed with chronic idiopathic colonic pseudo-obstruction, and because his symptoms were resistant to medication, surgical treatment was required. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ases.12682DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Effectiveness of acupuncture for recovery of flatulence after cesarean section: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(50):e13352

First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine.

Rationale: Postoperative ileus with flatulence is a common symptom in patients who have undergone cesarean section, and it can lead to peritonitis and intestinal perforation. However, few previous reports described therapeutic effects of acupuncture in women with flatulence after cesarean delivery. We reported a case of 29-year-old woman with abdominal flatulence after cesarean section. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013352DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320196PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Causes and prognosis of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction in 48 subjects: A 10-year retrospective case series.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(36):e12150

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Xin Hua Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

The aim of the study was to evaluate the prognosis and survival of pediatric subjects with chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) and investigate the independent risk factors affecting their prognosis.This was a retrospective case series of all pediatric subjects suffering from CIPO and treated at the Pediatric Surgical ward of Xinhua Hospital between January 2006 and January 2016.The overall mortality was 19/48 (39. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012150DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6133590PMC
September 2018
8 Reads

Protective loop ileostomy increases the risk for prolonged postoperative paralytic ileus after open oncologic rectal resection.

Int J Colorectal Dis 2018 Nov 15;33(11):1551-1557. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Department of General, Visceral, Thoracic, Transplant and Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital of Giessen, Rudolf-Buchheim-Strasse 7, 35392, Giessen, Germany.

Purpose: Postoperative gut dysmotility is a physiologic and frequent temporary reaction after major abdominal surgery. If paralysis merges into a prolonged ileus state, it causes significant morbidity and subsequently worse outcome and discomfort for the patients. Pathophysiology of pathologic prolonged postoperative paralytic ileus remains multifactorial. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00384-018-3142-3DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Risk of Opioid-Related Adverse Events After Primary and Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty.

J Surg Orthop Adv Summer 2018;27(2):148-154

Exponent, Inc., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Postoperative analgesia after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and revision knee arthroplasty (RKA) can be reliant on the use of opioids and may lead to opioid-related adverse events (ORAEs). This study evaluated the risk of ORAEs following TKA and RKA using the 5% Medicare claims (2010-2013) database. There were 41,702 TKA and 3817 RKA patients who met the inclusion criteria. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2018
2 Reads

Clinical characteristics of lupus enteritis in Japanese patients: the large intestine-dominant type has features of intestinal pseudo-obstruction.

Lupus 2018 Sep 20;27(10):1661-1669. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Division of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Japan.

This study was performed to investigate the clinical characteristics of lupus enteritis in Japanese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A total of 481 patients with SLE admitted to our hospital between 2001 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Diagnosis of lupus enteritis was based on the following three criteria: (1) abdominal symptoms, (2) diffuse long-segment bowel thickening and (3) a requirement for glucocorticoid therapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0961203318785770DOI Listing
September 2018
17 Reads

Ogilvie's syndrome: management and outcomes.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Jul;97(27):e11187

Department of Internal Medicine and the Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC.

Ogilvie's syndrome, also known as acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, refers to pathologic dilation of the colon without underlying mechanical obstruction, occurring primarily in patients with serious comorbidities. Diagnosis of Ogilvie's syndrome is based on clinical and radiologic grounds, and can be treated conservatively or with interventions such as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (such as neostigmine), decompressive procedures including colonoscopy, and even surgery. Based on our clinical experience we hypothesized that conservative management yields similar, if not superior, results to interventional management. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011187DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6076157PMC
July 2018
30 Reads

[Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction in adults].

Rev Med Interne 2018 Oct 22;39(10):792-799. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

Service d'hépato-gastro-entérologie, hôpital Ambroise-Paré, AP-HP, 9, avenue Charles-de-Gaulle, 92104 Boulogne-Billancourt, France.

Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a rare disease stemming from numerous causes characterized by disturbances in gastrointestinal motility. Symptomatology is often misleading and topography is variable, thus putting the clinician in serious difficulty. Diagnosis is based on a body of arguments, ranging from the clinical examination to surgical biopsies in expert centers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.revmed.2018.03.010DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Japanese clinical practice guidelines for allied disorders of Hirschsprung's disease, 2017.

Pediatr Int 2018 May;60(5):400-410

The guideline establishment group for allied disorders of Hirschsprung's disease, Science Research, Ministry of Health Labour and Welfare, Fukuoka, Japan.

Background: Despite the presence of ganglion cells in the rectum, some patients have symptoms similar to those of Hirschsprung's disease. A consensus has yet to be established regarding the terminology for these diseases. We defined this group of diseases as "allied disorders of Hirschsprung's disease" and compiled these guidelines to facilitate accurate clinician diagnosis and provide appropriate treatment strategies for each disease. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ped.13559DOI Listing
May 2018
32 Reads

Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Management of Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction.

J Clin Gastroenterol 2018 Jul;52(6):477-489

Department of Gastroenterology, University Hospitals of the North Midlands, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire.

Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare disorder characterized by an impairment of coordinated propulsive activity in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, which clinically mimics mechanical intestinal obstruction. CIPO is the most severe and debilitating form of GI dysmotility. CIPO may be primary or be secondary to pathology at any level of the brain-gut axis as well as systemic disease. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MCG.0000000000001047DOI Listing
July 2018
12 Reads

Methamphetamine consumption and life-threatening abdominal complications: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 May;97(18):e0647

Department of Critical Care Medicine.

Rationale: Methamphetamine (METH) abuse is increasing rapidly all over the world and becoming a significant public health concern in China. However, abdominal complications secondary to METH abuse are usually overlooked. We describe an unusual case of gangrenous cholecystitis and small intestinal ischemia due to METH abuse. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000010647DOI Listing
May 2018
7 Reads

Paediatric Intestinal Pseudo-obstruction: Evidence and Consensus-based Recommendations From an ESPGHAN-Led Expert Group.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2018 Jun;66(6):991-1019

Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH.

Objectives: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstructive (CIPO) conditions are considered the most severe disorders of gut motility. They continue to present significant challenges in clinical care despite considerable recent progress in our understanding of pathophysiology, resulting in unacceptable levels of morbidity and mortality. Major contributors to the disappointing lack of progress in paediatric CIPO include a dearth of clarity and uniformity across all aspects of clinical care from definition and diagnosis to management. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0000000000001982DOI Listing
June 2018
11 Reads

Nutritional Interventions in Chronic Intestinal Pseudoobstruction.

Gastroenterol Clin North Am 2018 Mar 6;47(1):209-218. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

Home Nutrition Support and Center for Gut Rehabilitation and Transplant, Center for Human Nutrition, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue/A100, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.

Although chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare disorder, it presents a wide spectrum of severity that ranges from abdominal bloating to severe gastrointestinal dysfunction. In the worst cases, patients may become dependent upon artificial nutrition via parenteral nutrition or choose to have an intestinal transplant. However, whatever the severity, a patient's quality of life can be seriously compromised. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gtc.2017.09.005DOI Listing
March 2018
7 Reads

Multimodal Surgical Approach for Adult Patients With Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction: Clinical and Psychosocial Long-term Outcomes.

Transplant Proc 2018 Jan - Feb;50(1):226-233

Department of Clinical Sciences, S. Anna-Cona University Hospital, Ferrara, Italy.

Background: Clinical and psychosocial outcomes of a multimodal surgical approach for chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction were analyzed in 24 patients who were followed over a 2- to 12-year period in a single center after surgery or intestinal/multivisceral transplant (CTx).

Methods: The main reasons for surgery were sub-occlusion in surgery and parenteral nutrition-related irreversible complications with chronic intestinal failure in CTx.

Results: At the end of follow-up (February 2015), 45. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2017.11.012DOI Listing
July 2018
4 Reads

A rare case report of multiple myeloma presenting with paralytic ileus and type II respiratory failure due to hypercalcemic crisis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(52):e9215

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, First Hospital of Jilin University.

Rationale: Paralytic ileus is characterized by the signs and symptoms of intestinal obstruction but without any mechanical lesions in the intestinal lumen. Several medical and surgical conditions can lead to this ailment, such as electrolyte disturbances that impair intestinal motility. However, hypercalcemia secondary to multiple myeloma as a major cause of paralytic ileus has rarely been reported. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005792-201712290-0001
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000009215DOI Listing
December 2017
13 Reads

Central Line-Associated Mucor velutinosus Bloodstream Infection in an Immunocompetent Pediatric Patient.

J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc 2018 May;7(2):e55-e57

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health.

We report here the isolation of Mucor velutinosus from multiple blood cultures performed on samples from Broviac catheters and culture of a Broviac insertion-site wound sample from a 6-year-old boy with a history of intestinal failure secondary to chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction, parenteral nutrition, and jejunostomy tube dependence. Examination of a slide from the culture revealed the presence of wide nonseptate hyphae with sporangiophores, columella, and chlamydospores. The fungal isolate was sent to the National Institutes of Health for further evaluation and was identified as Mucor velutinosus by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry and genomic sequencing. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/jpids/article/7/2/e55/4823051
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpids/pix108DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6251637PMC
May 2018
12 Reads

A case of sigmoid volvulus.

Gut 2018 12 5;67(12):2084-2123. Epub 2018 Jan 5.

Blizard Institute, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2017-315465DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Pneumatosis intestinalis with extensive intrahepatic portal venous gas secondary to intra-abdominal sepsis: a rare occurrence.

BMJ Case Rep 2017 Dec 14;2017. Epub 2017 Dec 14.

Department of General Surgery, Newham University Hospital, London, Plaistow, UK.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-222865DOI Listing
December 2017
6 Reads

Application of Pyridostigmine in Pediatric Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders: A Case Series.

Paediatr Drugs 2018 Apr;20(2):173-180

Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.

Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorders are common in children. Treatment is challenging with limited medical and surgical options. Pyridostigmine, an acetyl cholinesterase inhibitor, increases acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction promoting intestinal contractions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40272-017-0277-6
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40272-017-0277-6DOI Listing
April 2018
20 Reads

Short-term outcome after cystectomy: comparison of early oral feeding in an enhanced recovery protocol and feeding using Bengmark nasojejunal tube.

World J Urol 2018 Feb 22;36(2):221-229. Epub 2017 Nov 22.

Department of Urologic Oncology, University Medical Center Utrecht Cancer Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Purpose: Cystectomy for bladder cancer is associated with a high risk of postoperative complications. Standardized perioperative protocols, such as enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols, aim to improve postoperative outcome. Postoperative feeding strategies are an important part of these protocols. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00345-017-2133-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5799347PMC
February 2018
8 Reads

Effect of Daikenchuto (TJ-100) on gastrointestinal symptoms following laparoscopic colectomy in patients with colon cancer: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2017 Nov 21;18(1):553. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Shogoin- Kawara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan.

Background: Postoperative paralytic ileus can be a difficult complication for both surgeons and patients. Causes and treatments have been discussed for more than two centuries, but have not yet been fully resolved. Daikenchuto (TJ-100, DKT) is a traditional Japanese herbal medicine. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-017-2307-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5697346PMC
November 2017
8 Reads

Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction: Progress in management?

Neurogastroenterol Motil 2017 Dec;29(12)

Department of Clinical Science, University of Ferrara, Italy.

Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a severe form of gastrointestinal dysmotility (often due to derangement of the innervation/smooth muscle/interstitial cells of Cajal) with recurrent episodes of intestinal subocclusion mimicking a mechanical obstruction. Because of its complexity and heterogeneity, CIPO is often misdiagnosed or remains unrecognized until advanced stages. Management is a critical aspect in CIPO patient care. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nmo.13231DOI Listing
December 2017

Surgical Critical Care: Gastrointestinal Complications.

Surg Clin North Am 2017 Dec;97(6):1425-1447

Madigan Army Medical Center, Department of Surgery, General Surgery, MCHJ-CLS-G, Tacoma, WA 98431, USA. Electronic address:

Critical illness and injury affect the gastrointestinal tract almost uniformly. Complications include the sequelae of direct intestinal injury and repair, impaired motility, intra-abdominal hypertension, and ulceration, among others. Contemporary clinical practice has incorporated many advances in the prevention and treatment of gastrointestinal complications during critical illness. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.suc.2017.08.002DOI Listing
December 2017
12 Reads

[Recognition of the diagnosis and treatment of small intestinal obstruction].

Authors:
Qiyi Chen Jun Jiang

Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 Oct;20(10):1136-1140

Research Institute of General Surgery, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing 210002, China.

Small intestinal obstruction is a common and frequent disease in general surgery. Delayed diagnosis and surgical timing, and inaccurate treatment strategy will lead to life-threatening complications. Therefore, how to diagnose and treat quickly and accurately is still a difficult problem in current gastrointestinal surgery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2017
5 Reads

Ogilvie's syndrome treated with an emergency laparotomy, right hemicolectomy and end ileostomy.

BMJ Case Rep 2017 Oct 9;2017. Epub 2017 Oct 9.

The Royal Stoke University Hospital, Stoke-on-Trent, UK.

Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO), or Ogilvie's syndrome, is a rare clinical entity in which there is massive non-toxic colonic dilatation in the absence of a mechanically obstructing lesion. It is an important yet poorly recognised cause of surgical morbidity and mortality occurring typically in elderly patients with multiple comorbidities. ACPO can often be reversed conservatively with colonoscopic or nasogastric decompression. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-220916DOI Listing
October 2017
19 Reads

Postoperative paralytic ileus remains a problem following surgery for advanced pelvic cancers.

J Surg Res 2017 10 16;218:167-173. Epub 2017 Jun 16.

Department of Surgery, Colorectal Section, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Background: Paralytic postoperative ileus (POI) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality after abdominal surgery. Despite increased awareness and implementation of various measures, POI remains a problem, perhaps moreso for those patients undergoing extensive oncological surgical treatment. The aim of this study was to describe the extent of POI after advanced cancer surgery in the era of contemporary treatment modalities of POI. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2017.05.044DOI Listing
October 2017
53 Reads

Multiple Myeloma Associated Intestinal Amyloidosis: Intestinal Pseudoobstruction Falsely Considered as an Ascites.

Rev Recent Clin Trials 2018 Jan;13(1):79-81

Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Introduction: Amyloidosis is a group of diseases pathohistologically diagnosed by characteristic extracellular deposition of an abnormal fibrillary protein (i.e. amyloid) into organs, leading to organ dysfunction secondary to destruction of normal tissue architecture. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/0929867324666170830114914DOI Listing
January 2018
26 Reads

Cardiac tamponade by colon.

Authors:
Kareem Bedeir

Intensive Care Med 2017 12 5;43(12):1856-1857. Epub 2017 Sep 5.

Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00134-017-4916-8DOI Listing
December 2017

Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction: A systematic review of aetiology and mechanisms.

World J Gastroenterol 2017 Aug;23(30):5634-5644

Cameron I Wells, Gregory O'Grady, Ian P Bissett, Department of Surgery, University of Auckland, Auckland 1010, New Zealand.

Aim: To critically review the literature addressing the definition, epidemiology, aetiology and pathophysiology of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO).

Methods: A systematic search was performed to identify articles investigating the aetiology and pathophysiology of ACPO. A narrative synthesis of the evidence was undertaken. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v23.i30.5634DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5558126PMC
August 2017
12 Reads

Transient clinical improvement of a mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy-like syndrome after allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

BMJ Case Rep 2017 Aug 1;2017. Epub 2017 Aug 1.

Department of Genetics, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa.

Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalopathy (MNGIE), usually an autosomal-recessive inherited condition, causes gastrointestinal dysmotility, ophthalmoplegia, ptosis, leukoencephalopathy and neuropathy. The chromosome 22 disorder, due to mutations in the nuclear gene TYMP encoding thymidine phosphorylase (TP), leads to the accumulation of thymidine and deoxyuridine, with mitochondrial dysfunction.This report describes a patient with an MNGIE-like syndrome with a heterozygous TYMP mutation who showed marked, but transient improvement postallogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2016-218276DOI Listing
August 2017
8 Reads

Endoscopic muscle biopsy sampling of the duodenum and rectum: a pilot survival study in a porcine model to detect myenteric neurons.

Gastrointest Endosc 2018 02 20;87(2):600-606. Epub 2017 Jul 20.

Enteric NeuroScience Program, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Background And Aims: Small bowel and colorectal muscle biopsy sampling requires a surgical approach. Advancing our understanding of the pathophysiology of motility disorders, such as functional bowel disorders, intestinal pseudo-obstruction, and slow-transit constipation, is hindered by our inability to noninvasively obtain muscularis propria (MP) for evaluation of multiple cell types, including myenteric neurons. The aims of this study were to determine (1) technical feasibility, reproducibility, and safety of performing duodenal endoscopic muscle biopsy sampling (dEMB) and rectal endoscopic muscle biopsy sampling (rEMB) using a clip-assist technique and (2) the presence of myenteric neurons in tissue samples. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00165107173211
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gie.2017.07.023DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5775930PMC
February 2018
19 Reads

[Does chewing gum improve postoperative results in patients undergoing radical cystectomy? A systematic review of literature and meta-analysis].

Prog Urol 2017 Sep 19;27(10):513-520. Epub 2017 Jul 19.

Service d'urologie B, hôpital Ibn-Sina, faculté de médecine et de pharmacie, université Mohamed-V, Rabat, Maroc.

Introduction: Postoperative ileus occurs in different degrees, in the majority of patients undergoing radical cystectomy, which may increase the length of hospital stay. The use of chewing gum has demonstrated its effectiveness in reducing time-to-bowel function and the length of hospital stay in several surgical procedures.

Objective: To evaluate the benefit of post-operative chewing gum use in patients undergoing radical cystectomy through a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.purol.2017.06.005DOI Listing
September 2017
5 Reads

Abdominal surgery induced gastric ileus and activation of M1-like macrophages in the gastric myenteric plexus: prevention by central vagal activation in rats.

Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2017 Oct 6;313(4):G320-G329. Epub 2017 Jul 6.

CURE/Digestive Diseases Research Center, Center for Neurobiology of Stress and Resilience, Vatche and Tamar Manoukian Digestive Diseases Division, Department of Medicine and Brain Research Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, California; and.

Inflammation plays a role in abdominal surgery (AS)-induced intestinal ileus that is alleviated by electrical vagal stimulation. Intracisternal injection of RX-77368, the stable thyrotropin-releasing hormone agonist, activates dorsal motor nucleus neurons and gastric vagal efferent discharges. We investigated the gastric inflammation induced by AS and the modulation by intracisternal RX-77368 in rats. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpgi.00121.2017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6134391PMC
October 2017
11 Reads

Diagnostic use of endoscopic full-thickness wall resection (eFTR)-a novel minimally invasive technique for colonic tissue sampling in patients with severe gastrointestinal motility disorders.

Neurogastroenterol Motil 2018 Jan 6;30(1). Epub 2017 Jul 6.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Hospital Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.

Background: Complex gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorders such as chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) or Hirschsprung's disease (HD) are challenging to diagnose and treat appropriately. Thorough assessment of patient history, radiographic exams, endoscopy, and motility measurements aid in diagnostic workup, yet underlying histology is the cornerstone to enable a more distinct diagnosis of neuromuscular GI disorders. Traditionally, surgical procedures have been performed to obtain specimen suitable for accurate histologic analysis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/nmo.13153
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nmo.13153DOI Listing
January 2018
26 Reads

A Man With Intermittent Abdominal Pain, Liver Injury, and Renal Impairment.

Gastroenterology 2017 08 30;153(2):e7-e9. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

Department of Infectious Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2016.11.054DOI Listing
August 2017
15 Reads

Efficacy of percutaneous endoscopic gastro-jejunostomy (PEG-J) decompression therapy for patients with chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO).

Neurogastroenterol Motil 2017 Dec 20;29(12). Epub 2017 Jun 20.

Hepatology and Gastroenterology Division, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.

Backgrounds: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is an intractable rare digestive disease manifesting persistent small bowel distension without any mechanical cause. Intestinal decompression is a key treatment, but conventional method including a trans-nasal small intestinal tube is invasive and painful. Therefore, a less invasive and tolerable new decompression method is urgently desired. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nmo.13127DOI Listing
December 2017
6 Reads

Postpartum Acute Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction (Ogilvie's Syndrome): A systematic review of case reports and case series.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2017 Jul 2;214:145-149. Epub 2017 May 2.

Sidra Medical and Research Centre, Qatar.

Introduction: Ogilvie's Syndrome or Acute Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction (ACPO) is a rare condition characterized by massive dilatation of the colon in the absence of mechanical obstruction. About 10% of all reported cases are related to Obstetric and Gynaecological procedures, Caesarean section being the commonest associated factor. Acute intestinal dilatation, if not treated, may lead to perforation and faecal peritonitis with consequent high morbidity and mortality. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2017.04.028DOI Listing
July 2017
49 Reads

[A 67-year old man with epigastric pain].

Internist (Berl) 2017 Nov;58(11):1207-1212

Medizinische Klinik, Marienkrankenhaus Kassel, Marburger Str. 85, 34127, Kassel, Deutschland.

A 67-year-old man suffering from epigastric pain showed a phytobezoar in the endoscopy. Therapy with Coca Cola® and enzymes was initiated. The (partial) lysis led to a migration of the bezoar into the ileum, resulting in a small bowel obstruction. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00108-017-0257-5DOI Listing
November 2017
19 Reads

[Conservative and surgical ileus treatment].

Authors:
H Listle C Gutt

Chirurg 2017 Jul;88(7):629-644

Klinik für Allgemein‑, Viszeral‑, Gefäss- und Thoraxchirurgie, Klinikum Memmingen, Bismarckstr. 23, 87700, Memmingen, Deutschland.

The diagnosis ileus is one of the most common indications for an emergency laparotomy. In 70% of the cases, the small intestine is affected, and in 30% it is the colorectum. While stuck hernias are a major cause in developing countries, the most common causes in western countries are postoperative adhesions that lead to an acute bowl obstruction. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00104-017-0438-8DOI Listing
July 2017
33 Reads

A Systematic Review of the Clinical Presentation, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Small Bowel Obstruction.

Curr Gastroenterol Rep 2017 Jun;19(6):28

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, William Beaumont Hospital, 3535 West Thirteen Mile Road, Royal Oak, MI, 48073, USA.

Purpose Of Review: This study aimed to systematically review small bowel obstruction (SBO), focusing on recent changes in diagnosis/therapy.

Recent Findings: SBO incidence is about 350,000/annum in the USA. Etiologies include adhesions (65%), hernias (10%), neoplasms (5%), Crohn's disease (5%), and other (15%). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11894-017-0566-9DOI Listing
June 2017
13 Reads

Gastric neuromuscular histology in patients with refractory gastroparesis: Relationships to etiology, gastric emptying, and response to gastric electric stimulation.

Neurogastroenterol Motil 2017 Aug 4;29(8). Epub 2017 Apr 4.

GI Section, Department of Pathology, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: The aims of this study were to describe the histology in gastroparesis, specifically to relate histopathology to etiology of gastroparesis (idiopathic and diabetic gastroparesis), gastric emptying, and clinical response to gastric electric stimulation.

Methods: Full thickness gastric body sections obtained during insertion of gastric stimulator in gastroparetics were stained with Hematoxylin & Eosin, Masson Trichrome and immunohistochemical stains for Neuron-Specific Enolase and c-Kit.

Key Results: In all, 145 gastroparetics (71 diabetics, 71 idiopathic, 2 post-surgical, and 1 chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction) had full thickness gastric body biopsies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nmo.13068DOI Listing
August 2017
4 Reads

Intraoperative continuous intestinal loop warming technique A prospective randomised trial.

Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;88:237-241

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate if the Intraoperative Continuous Intestinal Loop Warming (ICLW) is a valid trick to decrease the postoperative paralytic ileus.

Methods: The subjects were patients who underwent emergency open abdominal surgery for either benign or malignant diseases. Patients were divided into two groups; group A patients who was secluded for ICLW, and a control group B who was not secluded for ICLW. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
June 2018
14 Reads

Liver transplant reverses biochemical imbalance in mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy.

Mitochondrion 2017 05 2;34:101-102. Epub 2017 Mar 2.

Department of Surgical and Medical Sciences, University of Bologna, via Massarenti 9, Bologna, Italy. Electronic address:

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mito.2017.02.006DOI Listing
May 2017
5 Reads

Let air out of the bowel to allow more air in the lungs: surgical treatment of weaning failure.

Thorax 2017 12 23;72(12):1169-1170. Epub 2017 Feb 23.

Lane Fox Respiratory Service, St Thomas' Hospital, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2016-209759DOI Listing
December 2017
5 Reads

Ogilvie's Syndrome or Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction.

Am Surg 2017 Feb;83(2):217-220

Terre Haute Regional Hospital Terre Haute, Indiana.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2017
8 Reads

Recent advances in liver transplantation for metabolic disease.

Authors:
P J Mc Kiernan

J Inherit Metab Dis 2017 07 6;40(4):491-495. Epub 2017 Feb 6.

Division of Gastroenterology/Hepatology/Nutrition Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Pittsburgh Liver Research Centre, University of Pitttsburgh, 4401 Penn Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA, 15224, USA.

The indications and outcomes of liver transplantation for metabolic disease have been reviewed recently and this short review concentrates on recent developments and advances. Recently recognized metabolic causes of acute liver failure are reviewed and their implications for transplantation discussed. Newly described indications for liver transplantation in systemic metabolic diseases are described and an update is given on the role of auxiliary and domino liver transplantation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10545-017-0020-zDOI Listing

Laparoscopic nephrosplenic space ablation with barbed suture in eight horses.

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2017 Feb;250(4):431-436

CASE DESCRIPTION 8 horses (5 geldings and 3 mares) were evaluated for laparoscopic closure of the nephrosplenic space following a history of recurrent left dorsal displacement of the large colon. CLINICAL FINDINGS All horses underwent a physical examination and routine clinicopathologic testing. Transrectal palpation and transabdominal ultrasonography were performed to exclude the presence of organs in the left paralumbar region. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://avmajournals.avma.org/doi/10.2460/javma.250.4.431
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2460/javma.250.4.431DOI Listing
February 2017
8 Reads

Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction associated with abdominal paracentesis.

BMJ Case Rep 2017 Jan 9;2017. Epub 2017 Jan 9.

Milton Keynes University Hospital, Milton Keynes, UK.

A 61-year-old man presented with accumulation of ascites secondary to alcoholic liver disease. He had an ascitic drain sited and 24 hours later he developed acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO). This is a rare condition previously associated with major surgery and severe sepsis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2016-21607
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2016-216077DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5256551PMC
January 2017
8 Reads