10,305 results match your criteria Intestinal Fistulas Surgical Treatment


Delayed ileal neobladder fistula caused by bladder stones: a case report.

BMC Urol 2022 Jun 17;22(1):87. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Urology, Affiliated Sanming First Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Sanming, 365000, Fujian, China.

Background: Ileal neobladder fistula is a rare complication after radical cystectomy, with an incidence of approximately 0.7%. At present, there are scattered reports of vesicoileal fistula, but there are no reports of ileal neobladder fistula (INF) caused by bladder stones. Read More

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A systematic review of management of uretero-arterial fistula.

J Vasc Surg 2022 Jun 13. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Dean, Tokai University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan.

Objective: Uretero-arterial fistula (UAF) is lethal condition. However, there is no consensus regarding diagnosis and treatment of UAF owing to its rarity. The aim of this paper was to present an actual case of UAF and to systematically review the symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment of this condition. Read More

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Vacuum sealing drainage combined with naso-intestinal and gastric decompression tubes for the treatment of esophagogastrostomy neck fistula.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2022 Jun 13;17(1):153. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Interventional Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, No. 1 Jianshe East Road, Zhengzhou City, 450052, Henan Province, China.

Objective: To evaluate the clinical results of the vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) combined with a naso-intestinal nutritional tube (NIT) and a gastric decompression tube (GDT) for the treatment of esophagogastrostomy neck fistula (ENF).

Methods: From January 2018 to October 2020, twenty patients (13 men and 7 women, ages 46-72) with ENF secondary to esophagogastrostomy were treated with VSD combined with NIT and GDT. Technical and clinical success rates, the incidence of early/late complications, the time of fistula closure (TFC) and therapy-related indicators were analyzed. Read More

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Oesophageal reconstruction with a reversed gastric conduit for a complex oesophageal cancer patient: a case report.

Authors:
Yanbo Yang Lin Ma

BMC Surg 2022 Jun 11;22(1):225. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 37, Guoxue Alley, Sichuan, 610041, Chengdu, People's Republic of China.

Background: The gastric conduit is the best replacement organ for oesophageal reconstruction, but a reversed gastric conduit (RGC) is rare. Oesophageal reconstruction for oesophageal cancer patients with a previous history of complicated gastrointestinal surgery is rather difficult. Here, we report a case in which oesophageal reconstruction was successfully managed using RGC based solely on the left gastroepiploic artery supply. Read More

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Early Enteral Nutrition Tolerance in a Duodenal Fistula Patient Undergoing Open Abdomen with Vacuum-assisted Temporary Abdominal Closure.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2022 Jun;32(6):811-813

Department of Medical Nutrition, Nanjing Lishui District People's Hospital, Zhongda Hospital Lishui Branch, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.

This case sought to manage a duodenal fistula patient who underwent an open abdomen with vacuum-assisted temporary abdominal closure (VAC) by evaluating his tolerance to early enteral nutrition therapy (ENT). A review of the patient suggested that he developed an abdominal infection as a result of a high duodenal fistula, which necessitated an open abdomen and VAC. Prior to the initiation of ENT, the patient had a patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) score of 8 (1st day) suggesting the need for nutritional intervention. Read More

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Surgery in platinum-resistant recurrent epithelial ovarian carcinoma.

World J Clin Cases 2022 Apr;10(12):3739-3753

Department of Gynecology, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, People's Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou 310014, Zhejiang Province, China.

Background: Ovarian cancer is one of the three most common malignant tumors of the female reproductive tract and ranks first in terms of mortality among gynecological tumors. Epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) is the most common ovarian malignancy, accounting for 90% of all primary ovarian tumors. The clinical value of cytoreductive surgery in patients with platinum-resistant recurrent EOC remains largely unclear. Read More

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Appendico-vesicocolonic fistula: A case report and review of literature.

World J Clin Cases 2022 Apr;10(10):3241-3250

Department of General Surgery, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100032, China.

Background: Appendico-vesicocolonic fistulas and appendiceal-colonic fistulas are two kinds of intestinal and bladder diseases that are rarely seen in the clinic. To our knowledge, no more than 4 cases of appendico-vesicocolonic fistulas have been publicly reported throughout the world, and no more than 100 cases of appendiceal-colonic fistulas have been reported. Although the overall incidence is low, an early diagnosis is difficult due to their atypical initial symptoms, but these diseases still require our attention. Read More

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Endovascular management of arterioenteric fistula: a case report.

Cir Cir 2022 ;90(3):406-409

Servicio de Cirugía General, Hospital Universitario "Dr. José Eleuterio González" de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Nuevo León, México.

Arterioenteric fistulas (AEFs) are a rare disease. They are a communication between a major artery and digestive tract. We present a patient who, after suffering a gunshot wound to the abdomen, underwent an exploratory laparotomy with damage control surgery, who later presented with hematemesis and melena. Read More

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Potential use of mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease - a systematic review of the literature.

Rozhl Chir 2022 ;101(4):154-162

Introduction: The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease is increasing worldwide and, despite advances in conservative and surgical treatment, a significant proportion of patients do not achieve complete remission and have to undergo repeated surgical procedures. Stem cell therapy is a new alternative to immunomodulatory therapy.

Methods: We performed a systematic review of the literature dealing with the use of mesenchymal stem cells for the treatment of IBD. Read More

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Are preoperative oral antibiotics effective in reducing the incidence of anastomotic leakage after colorectal cancer surgery? Study protocol for a prospective, multicentre, randomized controlled study.

Trials 2022 May 23;23(1):436. Epub 2022 May 23.

Department of Digestive Surgery, Xi Jing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.

Introduction: The optimal preoperative preparation for elective colorectal cancer surgery has been debated in academic circles for decades. Previously, several expert teams have conducted studies on whether preoperative mechanical bowel preparation and oral antibiotics can effectively reduce the incidence of postoperative complications, such as surgical site infections and anastomotic leakage. Most of the results of these studies have suggested that preoperative mechanical bowel preparation for elective colon surgery has no significant effect on the occurrence of surgical site infections and anastomotic leakage. Read More

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Establishing a rabbit model of perianal fistulizing Crohn's disease.

World J Gastroenterol 2022 Apr;28(15):1536-1547

Gastroenterology Center, The Affiliated Changzhou Second People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Changzhou 213000, Jiangsu Province, China.

Background: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic nonspecific intestinal inflammatory disease. The aetiology and pathogenesis of CD are still unclear. Anal fistula is the main complication of CD and is a difficult problem to solve at present. Read More

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Guidelines to diagnose and treat peri-levator high-5 anal fistulas: Supralevator, suprasphincteric, extrasphincteric, high outersphincteric, and high intrarectal fistulas.

World J Gastroenterol 2022 Apr;28(16):1608-1624

Department of Statistics, Indian Council of Medical Research,New Delhi 110029, India.

Supralevator, suprasphincteric, extrasphincteric, and high intrarectal fistulas (high fistulas in muscle layers of the rectal wall) are well-known high anal fistulas which are considered the most complex and extremely challenging fistulas to manage. Magnetic resonance imaging has brought more clarity to the pathophysiology of these fistulas. Along with these fistulas, a new type of complex fistula in high outersphincteric space, a fistula at the roof of ischiorectal fossa inside the levator ani muscle (RIFIL), has been described. Read More

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Impact of near-infrared fluorescence imaging with indocyanine green on structural sequelae of anastomotic leakage after laparoscopic intersphincteric resection of malignant rectal tumors.

Tech Coloproctol 2022 Jul 16;26(7):561-570. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, National Cancer Center Hospital East, 6-5-1 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba, 277-8577, Japan.

Background: Recent studies have indicated the potential benefit of intraoperative near-infrared fluorescence imaging (NIR-FI) with indocyanine green in reducing early anastomotic leakage in colorectal surgery. Nonetheless, whether NIR-FI is effective in reducing structural sequelae of anastomotic leakage (SSAL) remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of NIR-FI on SSAL after laparoscopic intersphincteric resection (ISR) of malignant rectal tumors. Read More

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Stem cell transplantation for induction of remission in medically refractory Crohn's disease.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2022 05 13;5:CD013070. Epub 2022 May 13.

Allergy and Clinical Immunology Unit, Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Crohn's disease (CD) is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation and stricture, of any part of the mucosa and the gut wall. It forms skip lesions, sparing the areas in between the affected parts of the gastrointestinal tract. Crohn's disease could have one of three complications; fistula, intestinal obstruction due to stricture, or gastrointestinal inflammation presenting as severe diarrhoea. Read More

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Cutting seton versus decompression and drainage seton in the treatment of high complex anal fistula: a randomized controlled trial.

Sci Rep 2022 May 12;12(1):7838. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Proctology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, No 2 Yinghua East Street, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100029, China.

This study aimed to compare the efficacy between decompression and drainage seton (DADS) and cutting seton (CS) in the treatment of high complex anal fistula. Patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to DADS or CS group. The primary outcome was the rate of wound healing. Read More

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Conservative (non-surgical) management of cryptoglandular anal fistulas: is it possible? A new insight and direction.

ANZ J Surg 2022 05;92(5):1284-1285

Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Nishtha Surgical Hospital and Research Center, Patan, India.

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Isolated recto-vaginal septum injury during parturition: Single-center experience.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2022 Mar;28(3):302-307

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sakarya University Faculty of Medicine, Sakarya-Turkey.

Background: Traumatic rectal injuries are uncommon and can originate due to various causes. Rectal injuries have a high mor-bidity, regardless of cause, and detection at the time of occurrence is important to prevent fistula formation and/or stoma. In this article, treatment approaches in patients with isolated rectovaginal septum injury without perineal and sphincter injury during sponta-neous vaginal delivery are presented and the current literature is reviewed. Read More

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Ligation of Intersphincteric Fistula Tract (LIFT) with or Without Injection of Bone Marrow Mononuclear Cells in the Treatment of Trans-sphincteric Anal Fistula: a Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Gastrointest Surg 2022 06 25;26(6):1298-1306. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Colorectal Surgery Unit, General Surgery Department, Mansoura University Hospitals, Mansoura University, 60 El-Gomhouria Street, Mansoura, 35516, Dakahlia, Egypt.

Background: Ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract (LIFT) is a sphincter-saving procedure used for treatment of complex anal fistula. The current study aimed to assess the outcome of local injection of bone marrow mononuclear cells (BM-MNCs) in conjunction with LIFT as compared to LIFT alone in regards to healing rate, time to healing, and ultimate success rate.

Methods: This was a prospective randomized trial on patients with trans-sphincteric anal fistula. Read More

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Vaaft (Video Assisted Anal Fistula Treatment); Novel Technique For The Treatment Of Anal Fistula.

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2022 Jan-Mar;34(1):8-11

Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Background: VAAFT (Video Assisted Anal Fistula Treatment) is a novel minimally invasive technique for treatment of Fistula in Ano, which claims superior results compared to current treatment modalities due to the added advantage of real time visualization of the fistula tract and internal opening of the fistula using a fistuloscope.

Methods: This is cross sectional study in which 84 patients were selected using consecutive non probability sampling. They underwent VAAFT and were followed to assess for primary healing and continence at 6 weeks, and recurrence at 1 year. Read More

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Severe Short Bowel Syndrome: Prognosis for Nutritional Independence Through Management by a Multidisciplinary Nutrition Service and Surgery.

Am Surg 2022 Apr 23:31348221087901. Epub 2022 Apr 23.

University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.

Introduction: Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is a debilitating condition associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Historically, SBS patients require indefinite parenteral nutrition (PN) and endure lifelong nutritional challenges. The purpose of this study was to review the outcomes, specifically nutritional independence, of a multidisciplinary nutrition service. Read More

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Use of Polyvinyl Alcohol-Porcine Small Intestine Submucosa Stent in the Prevention of Anastomotic Leaks in the Porcine Colon.

J Surg Res 2022 08 13;276:354-361. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Department of Surgery, New Orleans, Louisiana. Electronic address:

Introduction: Gastrointestinal anastomoses are performed millions of times per year worldwide. The major complication they share is anastomotic leak. We describe the development and initial safety/efficacy of a novel luminal stent which aims to address this clinical issue. Read More

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[Treatment of perianal fistulas with mesenchymal stem cells].

Ugeskr Laeger 2022 04;184(14)

Mave- og Tarmkirurgi, Aarhus Universitetshospital.

Treatment of perianal fistulas are challenged by insufficient healing and a high rate of relapse. Existing sphincter-sparing procedures have healing rates of around 50%. Treatment with mesenchymal stem cells of both autologous and allogenic origin and freshly collected autologous adipose tissue show both promising healing rates and few complications and may be offered to patients with complicated fistulas not suited for other treatment modalities. Read More

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Rectovestibular fistula: Which surgical approach is suitable? A randomized controlled trial.

Pediatr Med Chir 2022 Apr 8;44(1). Epub 2022 Apr 8.

General Surgery, Sohag University Hospital, Sohag.

The management of a vestibular fistula is a challenge for pediatric surgeons. We compared four different operative techniques in terms of postoperative complications, continence, and cosmetic appearance. This prospective, randomized, comparative study included female children with rectovestibular fistulae who were selected from patients with Anorectal Malformations (ARMs) treated between January 2016 and July 2020. Read More

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[Application of continuous renal replacement therapy in infants with acute kidney injury after liver transplantation].

Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 2022 Feb;34(2):156-160

Tianjin Medical University First Center Clinical College, Tianjin 300192, China.

Objective: To investigate the clinical application of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in infants with acute kidney injury (AKI) after liver transplantation.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on infants with AKI after liver transplantation in Tianjin First Center Hospital from January 1, 2019 to June 1, 2021. Infants with AKI within 1 year after liver transplantation were divided into CRRT group and non-CRRT group according to whether CRRT was performed. Read More

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February 2022

Evaluation of Short Term Outcome of Stapled Transanal Rectal Resection (STARR) for ODS (Obstructed Defecation Syndrome) by Comparing Pre and Post-operative ODS Score.

Mymensingh Med J 2022 Apr;31(2):355-359

Dr Md Touhidul Islam, Assistant Professor (Colorectal Surgery), Mymensingh Medical College (MMC), Mymensingh, Bangladesh; E-mail:

Obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS) is a common anorectal problem and it can be corrected by various surgical approaches but most of these have high recurrence and complication rates. Antonio Longo introduced Stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) in 2003 as a minimally invasive transanal operation for correction ODS associated with rectocele and or rectal intussusception. This study was designed to assess the short term outcome of Stapled Transanal Rectal Resection (STARR) as a surgical treatment of Obstructed Defecation Syndrome (ODS). Read More

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Successful Non-Operative Treatment of Enterovesical and Enterocutaneous Fistulas Due to Crohn's Disease.

Int Med Case Rep J 2022 29;15:117-124. Epub 2022 Mar 29.

Department of Gastroenterology, Hangzhou First People's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China.

Background: The incidences of enterovesical and enterocutaneous fistulas are extremely low, and enterovesical and enterocutaneous fistulas are difficult to treat in patients with Crohn's disease.

Case Summary: In this case, the patient had recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhea for more than 2 years, with fecal residue in the urine for 6 days. Pelvic magnetic resonance imaging and colonoscopy showed intestinal infection with a rectal fistula, and the initial diagnosis was severely active Crohn's disease with an enterovesical fistula. Read More

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Fournier's Gangrene During Pregnancy in a Patient with Crohn's Disease.

Am J Case Rep 2022 Mar 24;23:e934942. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

Colorectal Surgery Division, Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

BACKGROUND Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a rapidly progressive necrotizing infection of the perineum. Risk factors include male sex and immunosuppression. Inflammatory bowel disease and pregnancy may alter immune response by complex mechanisms but have rarely been associated with necrotizing infections of the perineum. Read More

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Surgery for Complex Abdominal Wall Defects: Update of a Nine-Step Treatment Strategy.

Surg Technol Int 2022 03 10;40. Epub 2022 Mar 10.

Department of Surgery, Westchester Medical Center Health, Valhalla, NY, USA.

Complex abdominal wall defects (CAWDs) are a new surgical entity that require a dedicated and multidisciplinary approach. The spectra of CAWDs and complex abdominal wall reconstruction (CAWR) are poorly defined, and may include any of these elements: large or multiple recurrent hernia, presence of previously placed mesh (open or laparoscopic), loss of abdominal wall domain due to trauma, infection or tumor resection, hernia in the presence of enterocutaneous or enteroatmospheric fistulae (ECF/EAF), hernia in the presence of infected sinus tract, large debilitating parastomal hernia, hernias in the presence of synthetic erosion into the bowel or causing intestinal obstruction, eroded hernias post open abdomen management with skin graft in the presence of intraabdominal catastrophe or massive trauma, and hernias (umbilical or ventral/incisional) in patients with cirrhosis in the presence of massive ascites. The relevance of abdominal wall reconstruction with reinforcement using synthetic or biological mesh has never been as high as it is now. Read More

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[Characteristics of abdominal hemorrhage in patients with severe acute pancreatitis and its influence on outcomes].

Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 2022 Jan;34(1):70-74

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Diagnosis and Treatment Center for Severe Acute Pancreatitis of Guizhou Province, Guiyang 563003, Guizhou, China.

Objective: To explore the risk factors of abdominal hemorrhage (AH) in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and its impact on outcome.

Methods: The clinical data of 231 SAP patients admitted to Diagnosis and Treatment Center for SAP of Guizhou Province from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into AH group and non-AH group. Read More

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January 2022

Anterolateral thigh flaps in closing large abdominal wall defect after the resection of mucinous adenocarcinoma: a case report.

BMC Surg 2022 Mar 18;22(1):100. Epub 2022 Mar 18.

Department of Day Surgery Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 37 Guoxue Alley, 610041, Chengdu, China.

Background: It is a big challenge to repair a large abdominal wall defect after tumor resection, and en bloc resection with vascularized tissue reconstruction might be an alternative to achieve an improved survival for abdominal wall tumors.

Case Presentation: A 45-year-old woman presented with a 1-year history of persistent abdominal pain of the right lower quadrant and a mass with dermal ulceration. An enhanced computed tomography scan and biopsy of the mass were performed to achieve the definite diagnosis of abdominal mucinous adenocarcinoma. Read More

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