584,466 results match your criteria Intestinal Fistulas
Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2018 Oct 12;46(5):309-314. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Cobalamin is a member of the B-group of vitamins and a cofactor for metabolic processes like nucleic acid synthesis, amino acid synthesis, and the citric acid cycle. Mammals are unable to synthesize cobalamin and therefore rely on adequate food intake. Cobalamin absorption is a complex process in the stomach, duodenum, and ileum, requiring a functional exocrine pancreas. Read More
J Crohns Colitis 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Hôpital Necker Enfants Malades Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, APHP.
Exclusive Enteral Nutrition (EEN) is as efficacious as corticosteroids (CS) to induce remission in Crohn's disease (CD), without their adverse effects. EEN seems to be more efficient than steroids to induce mucosal healing, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are only sparsely understood. We aimed in the present work to study the anti-inflammatory effects of EEN with Modulen IBD® versus CS in active pediatric CD and to assess its modulatory effects on the intestinal microbiota as compared to steroids. Read More
Digestion 2018 Dec 12:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Gastroenterology and Hematology, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Aomori, Japan.
Background/aims: Behçet's disease (BD) with intestinal lesions and Crohn's disease (CD) share clinical features. However, no report has compared the 2 diseases with regard to lesions of the upper gastrointestinal tract (UGT). We aimed to evaluate endoscopic and histologic findings of UGT in CD and BD. Read More
Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Dec 8;110:631-640. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Medicinal Plants Research Center (NPPM), Federal University of Piauí, 64.049-550, Teresina, PI, Brazil. Electronic address:
Diarrhea is one of the leading causes of infant death in the world accounting for high child mortality rate. It is also present in different pathophysiologies related to several etiological agents. The aim of this study is to investigate the antidiarrheal effect of α -Terpineol (α-TPN) in different diarrhea models in rodents. Read More
PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207954. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Division of Bacteriology, Indian Council of Medical Research-National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) is a common serovar associated with non-typhoidal salmonellosis globally. However, there is insufficient data on molecular characterization of S. Read More
PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207140. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
R&D Alternative Discovery and Development, GlaxoSmithKline, Stevenage, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom.
Atonal homolog 1 (Atoh1) is a basic helix-loop-helix 9 (bHLH) transcription factor acting downstream of Notch and is required for the differentiation of sensory hair cells in the inner ear and the specification of secretory cells during the intestinal crypt cell regeneration. Motivated by the observations that the upregulation of Atoh1 gene expression, through genetic manipulation or pharmacological inhibition of Notch signaling (e.g. Read More
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Center for Microbial Pathogenesis, The Research Institute, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, United States.
Objectives: Gastrointestinal disorders, such as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) and functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID), involve disrupted homeostatic interactions between the microbiota and the host. Both disorders are worsened during stress, and in laboratory mice, stress exposure has been shown to change the composition of the gut microbiome. Stress-induced changes to the microbiome exacerbate intestinal inflammation and alter intestinal motility in mice. Read More
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Institute of Pathophysiology and Immunology, Medical University of Graz.
The P-STS human ileal neuroendocrine tumor cells, as a model for gut enterochromaffin cells, are strongly and synergistically activated by histamine plus acetylcholine (ACh), presumably via histamine 4 receptors, and weakly activated by histamine alone. Sensing these signals, enterochromaffin cells could participate in intestinal intolerance or allergic reactions to food constituents associated with elevated histamine levels. In this study we aimed to analyze the underlying molecular mechanisms. Read More
Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):290-295
Universidade do Estado da Bahia, Departamento de Ciências da Vida, Salvador, BA, Brasil.
Background: The diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease is often delayed because of the lack of an ability to recognize its major clinical manifestations.
Objective: Our study aimed to describe the onset of clinical manifestations in inflammatory bowel disease patients.
Methods: A cross-sectional study. Read More
Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):279-282
Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Department of Microbiology, Karaj, Iran.
Background: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has been introduced by since 1983 by Marshal and Warren to play the main role in the pathophysiology of gastritis and gastric ulcers. Almost half of the world population1 is infected by H. Read More
Arq Bras Cir Dig 2018 Dec 6;31(4):e1410. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Hospital Universitari de Vic, Vic, Barcelona , Spain.
Arq Bras Cir Dig 2018 Dec 6;31(4):e1406. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Medical School, University of Southern Santa Catarina, Palhoça.
Background: Deep infiltrating colorectal endometriosis may severely affect the quality of life and fertility of patients. Although segmental resection is a therapeutic option that provides positive outcomes in the management of symptoms, its functional effects are still unproven.
Aim: Assess the late impact of the laparoscopic approach in treating deep infiltrating endometriosis with segmental colorectal resection. Read More
Arq Bras Cir Dig 2018 Dec 6;31(4):e1400. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Postgraduate Program in Food and Nutrition.
Introduction: Studies suggest that weight loss induced by bariatric surgery and the remission of some comorbidities may be related to changes in the microbiota profile of individuals undergoing this procedure. In addition, there is evidence that manipulation of the intestinal microbiota may prove to be a therapeutic approach against obesity and metabolic diseases.
Objective: To verify the changes that occur in the intestinal microbiota of patients undergoing bariatric surgery, and the impact of the usage of probiotics in this population. Read More
Diabetes Ther 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Divisions of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Medizinische Universitat Graz, Graz, Austria.
Introduction: A 60-cm endoscopically implantable duodenal-jejunal bypass liner (Endobarrier™, GI Dynamics, Lexington, MA, USA) has been introduced as a therapeutic option to support weight loss for a selected group of obese subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The sleeve prevents contact between chyme and the intestinal mucosa of the upper gastrointestinal tract. The primary aim of this study is to elucidate the changes in insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function after EndoBarrier™ implantation in obese patients with T2DM; changes in gut permeability and gut microbiome are also to be examined. Read More
Fish Physiol Biochem 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Key Laboratory of Aquatic Nutrition and Feed Science of Jiangsu Province, College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China.
This study aimed to investigate the effects of Streptococcus faecalis on the growth performance, intestinal histology, antioxidant capability, innate immunity, and disease resistance of blunt snout bream Megalobrama amblycephala. Fish were fed five experimental diets containing 0 (SF0, control), 1 × 10 (SF1), 1 × 10 (SF2), 1 × 10 (SF3), and 1 × 10 cfu/g (SF4) of Streptococcus faecalis, respectively, for 10 weeks. After the feeding trial, fish were challenged by Aeromonas hydrophila with the cumulative mortality recorded during a period of 96 h. Read More
J Diabetes Res 2018 12;2018:5205126. Epub 2018 Nov 12.
Department of Internal Medicine, "Grigore T. Popa" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iasi, Romania.
The prevalence of diabetes is steadily rising, and once it occurs, it can cause multiple complications with a negative impact on the whole organism. Complications of diabetes may be macrovascular: such as stroke and ischemic heart disease as well as peripheral vascular and microvascular diseases-retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy. Key factors that cause cardiovascular disease in people with diabetes include hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, obesity, insulin resistance, inflammation, hypertension, autonomic dysfunction, and decreased vascular response capacity. Read More
Biomed Res Int 2018 12;2018:8343052. Epub 2018 Nov 12.
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tianjin Medical University, General Hospital, Tianjin 300052, China.
The pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is linked to an intricate association of environmental, microbial, and host-related factors. This study examined the potential effects of dietary addition of two preparations from onion, one comprising quercetin aglycone alone (Q: 0.15% polyphenols, quercetin aglycone:quercetin monoglycosides, 98:2) and another comprising quercetin aglycone with monoglycosides (Q+MQ: 0. Read More
Int J Chronic Dis 2018 12;2018:5183713. Epub 2018 Nov 12.
Addis Ababa University, College of Health Sciences, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Background: Early detection and treatment of ( infection in women of child bearing ages may reduce the risk of maternal health disorder. This study was conducted to determine the burden of infections and associated risk factors among women of child bearing ages in Kolfe Keranio Subcity Woreda 9 Health Centers, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Methods: Facility based cross sectional study design was conducted from April to October 2015. Read More
Front Med (Lausanne) 2018 27;5:324. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Division of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, United States.
Hypoalgesic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a condition in which patients with active disease do not perceive and/or report abdominal pain, is associated with serious complications and there is a lack of cost-effective, reliable diagnostic methods to identify "at-risk" patients. The voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSC's), Na1.7, Na1. Read More
Open Vet J 2018 15;8(4):423-431. Epub 2018 Nov 15.
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, P.O. Box 12211, Egypt.
larvae are of veterinary and medical importance caused specific equine intestinal myiasis. (Botfly larvae) had a wide geographical distribution. The present study explores the prevalence rate of 3 stage larvae in Egypt from January- December 2017; besides, in vitro trials to control of this larvae and evaluation of this trial using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and histopathology of treated larvae. Read More
Open Vet J 2018 2;8(4):411-414. Epub 2018 Nov 2.
Vale Referrals, Stinchcombe, Dursley, Gloucestershire, UK.
The creation of leakage holes in the intestinal wall by four types of swaged-on needles used to close enterotomy incisions in canine cadavers was studied. Twenty-four enterotomies were performed in 10 cm jejunal sections obtained from five dogs following euthanasia. After placement of Doyen intestinal forceps to the ends of each section, a 3 cm antimesenteric incision was performed and closed using 4-0 polydioxanone suture armed in a swaged-on needle in a simple interrupted pattern. Read More
Curr Zool 2018 Dec 22;64(6):703-711. Epub 2018 Jan 22.
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, 1156 High St, Santa Cruz, CA, USA.
Parasites generally have a negative influence on the color expression of their hosts. Sexual selection theory predicts resistant high-quality individuals should show intense coloration, whereas susceptible low-quality individuals would show poor coloration. However, intensely colored males of different species of Old and New World lizards were more often infected by hemoparasites. Read More
Front Immunol 2018 27;9:2733. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Centre for Inflammation Research, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
Macrophages are increasingly recognized as essential players in the maintenance of intestinal homeostasis and as key sentinels of the intestinal immune system. However, somewhat paradoxically, they are also implicated in chronic pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and are therefore considered potential targets for novel therapies. In this review, we will discuss recent advances in our understanding of intestinal macrophage heterogeneity, their ontogeny and the potential factors that regulate their origin. Read More
Front Immunol 2018 27;9:2636. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Center for Infectious Diseases, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, United States.
Epithelial and mucosal barriers are critical interfaces physically separating the body from the outside environment and are the tissues most exposed to microorganisms and potential inflammatory agents. The integrity of these tissues requires fine tuning of the local immune system to enable the efficient elimination of invasive pathogens while simultaneously preserving a beneficial relationship with commensal organisms and preventing autoimmunity. Although they only represent a small fraction of circulating and lymphoid T cells, γδ T cells form a substantial population at barrier sites and even outnumber conventional αβ T cells in some tissues. Read More
Int J Nanomedicine 2018 26;13:7997-8012. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
School of Chinese Materia Medica, Modern Research Center for Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, 100029, China,
Introduction: Polymeric micelles (PMs) hold promise for improving solubility and oral absorption of poorly soluble drugs. Unfortunately, the oral absorption of PMs is also limited by intestinal epithelium. To improve the oral delivery efficiency of micelles, transporter-mediated micelles could enhance the transport efficiency across the epithelial barrier, and they have attracted more attention. Read More
Indian J Surg Oncol 2018 Dec 16;9(4):633-635. Epub 2018 May 16.
Department of Surgical Oncology, BLK Hospital, Rajinder Place, New Delhi, 110008 India.
Multiple gastrointestinal cancers in a single patient is a rare entity. In our study, we are showing the clinical presentation and management of these patients. A fifty-nine-year-old asthenic male (already treated case of metachronous colorectal cancer in 2008 and 2011) presented with complaints of generalized weakness and fatigue. Read More
J Parasit Dis 2018 Dec 13;42(4):646-650. Epub 2018 Oct 13.
1Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, 62511 Egypt.
Scarce literature studying parasites, particularly helminths, of gallbladder of cats in Egypt are available. Stray cats () are widespread in Beni-Suef, Egypt. Therefore, a total of 62 stray cats were necropsied and parasitologically examined. Read More
J Parasit Dis 2018 Dec 19;42(4):630-635. Epub 2018 Oct 19.
4Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Damanhour University, Damanhûr, 21634 Egypt.
Patients with chronic renal failure are more susceptible to infections due to acquired immunodeficiency caused by uremia. Parasitic infections are one of the significant causes of morbidity and mortality in those patients, So we aimed to assess the prevalence of spp. and other protozoan infections in patients undergoing hemodialysis in Qena Governorate, Upper Egypt. Read More
J Parasit Dis 2018 Dec 13;42(4):577-581. Epub 2018 Oct 13.
3Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
The most important transmission path of intestinal parasites is the consumption of contaminated water and food. This survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites among food handlers in Kashan, central Iran. This cross-sectional study was carried on 1018 food handlers who referred to the health centers in order to receive health certificate in 2017-2018. Read More
J Parasit Dis 2018 Dec 29;42(4):483-493. Epub 2018 Oct 29.
Discipline of Genetics, School of Life Sciences, College of Agriculture, Engineering and Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville, P/Bag X54001, Durban, 4000 South Africa.
Coccidiosis is a deadly disease that hampers chicken's productivity and welfare. Thus, the disease is a major menace to the global poultry industry. Coccidiosis which is caused by the apicomplexan parasite of the genus has seven known species which affect the different parts of the intestinal tract of chickens. Read More
Oncogene 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, School of Biochemistry & Immunology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland.
Murine inflammatory caspase-11 has an important role in intestinal epithelial inflammation and barrier function. Activation of the non-canonical inflammasome, mediated by caspase-11, serves as a regulatory pathway for the production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-18, and has a key role in pyroptotic cell death. We have previously demonstrated a protective role for caspase-11 during dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis, however the importance of caspase-11 during colorectal tumour development remains unclear. Read More
Am J Gastroenterol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
APHP, Department of Gastroenterology, IBD and Intestinal Failure, Beaujon Hospital, 92110, Clichy, France.
Objectives: To identify treatments likely to prevent progression towards irreversible transmural intestinal necrosis (ITIN) in acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI).
Methods: Prospective observational cohort study from a French intestinal stroke center. Multivariate analysis using a time-dependent Cox regression model. Read More
Int J Obes (Lond) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Laboratory of Functional Chemistry and Nutrition of Food, College of Food Science and Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, China.
Background/objectives: The aim of the current study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of lycopene (LYC), a major carotenoid present in tomato, on high-fat and high-fructose western diet (HFFD)-induced cognitive impairments and the protective effects on HFFD-elicited insulin resistance, lipid metabolism dysfunction and inflammatory responses in the gut-liver-brain axis.
Subjects/methods: We randomly assigned 3-month-old C57BL/6 J mice to three groups with different diets: the control group, HFFD group and HFFD + LYC group (LYC, 0.03% w/w, mixed into high-fat diet) for 10 weeks. Read More
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 Dec 11;18(1):487. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Guangzhou First People's Hospital, School of Medicine, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China.
Background: Mesenteric venous thrombosis (MVT) is an infrequent thrombotic event that can cause devastating intestinal hemorrhagic ischemia. The mortality rate among patients with acute MVT ranges from 20 to 50%. Occurrence of MVT in pregnancy is quite rare. Read More
Biomacromolecules 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Oral drug delivery is a more favored mode of administration because of its ease of administration, high patient compliance, and low healthcare costs. However, no oral protein formulations are commercially available currently due to the hostile gastrointestinal (GI) barriers resulting in insignificant oral bioavailability of macromolecular drugs. Herein, we used insulin as a model protein drug, insulin-loaded N-(2-hydroxy)-propyl-3-trimethylammonium chloride modified chitosan (HTCC)/sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP) nanocomplex (NC) as a nanocore was further encapsulated into enteric Eudragit L100-55 material through two-step flash nanocomplexation (FNC) process in a reliable and scalable manner, forming our NC-in-Eudragit composite particles (NE). Read More
Curr Health Sci J 2015 Jul-Sep;41(3):197-203. Epub 2015 Jan 29.
Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Digestive Endoscopy, Fundeni Clinical Institute, Bucharest, Romania.
IBD (inflammatory bowel diseases) represent chronic idiopathic inflammatory diseases, prone to relapse in the digestive tract; it is estimated that they result from the interaction of the intestinal microbiome with the intestinal immune system. The inflammatory microbiome exerts multiple beneficial roles. Perhaps the central element to developing IBD is dysbiosis; there is still an incompletely established association between intestinal microbiome changes in patients with IBD and SIBO (small intestinal bacterial overgrowth). Read More
Transl Cancer Res 2016 Sep;5(Suppl 3):S507-S513
Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, State College, PA, USA.
The intestinal epithelium, a single layer of cells organized into crypts and villi, is an important component of host defense against microbial community and its noxious metabolites. To preserve the epithelium integrity under constant exposure of intense physiological and environmental stressors, this surface is continuously and rapidly renewed by pluripotent intestinal epithelial stem cells that reside in the base of crypts. A recent study by Kaiko . Read More
J Cardiol Cases 2010 Oct 6;2(2):e78-e82. Epub 2010 May 6.
Division of Cardiology, Saiseikai Kumamoto Hospital Cardiovascular Center 5-3-1 Chikami, Kumamoto-city, 861-4193, Japan.
A 70-year-old man complained of abdominal angina after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). He had a history of successful treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm with Zenith endovascular graft 12 months prior to the index abdominal symptoms. The endovascular graft had been placed with special attention for keeping blood flow of major abdominal branches to the intestine. Read More
Nat Commun 2018 12 6;9(1):5204. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Biomedicine, Aarhus University, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark.
The endocytic receptor cubam formed by the 460-kDa protein cubilin and the 45-kDa transmembrane protein amnionless (AMN), is essential for intestinal vitamin B (B) uptake and for protein (e.g. albumin) reabsorption from the kidney filtrate. Read More
Obes Facts 2018 Dec 11;11(6):440-453. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Nutrition Postgraduate Program, Center for Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal,
Objective: This study evaluated the effect of a protein, the isolated Trypsin Inhibitor (TTI) from Tamarindus indica L. seed, as a CCK secretagogue and its action upon food intake and leptin in obese Wistar rats.
Methods: Three groups of obese rats were fed 10 days one of the following diets: Standard diet (Labina®) + water; High Glycemic Index and Load (HGLI) diet + water or HGLI diet + TTI. Read More
Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Graduate School of Fisheries Science and Environmental Studies, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki 852-8521, Japan. Electronic address:
A sulfated polysaccharide ascophyllan inhibited α-glucosidase in a concentration dependent manner, and >90% activity was inhibited at 1.0 mg/mL. The inhibitory activity was much higher than that of acarbose. Read More
Biofactors 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Gyeonggi, Republic of Korea.
Intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) respond to intruders and their cellular molecules by displaying inflammatory state that can be abrogated by probiotics. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the beneficial activity of probiotic strains have yet to be elucidated. This study was conducted to investigate whether probiotic strains have immunoregulatory effects in IECs, and how they respond to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in vitro. Read More
Cancer Med 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Oncology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.
Two genomewide association studies on pancreatic cancer have identified a novel single-nucleotide polymorphism of rs9564966 G > A on 13q22.1 region. However, the associations between the rs9564966 G > A polymorphism and the survival of Chinese patients with gastric cancer (GC) were unknown. Read More
Mol Nutr Food Res 2018 Dec 11:e1801040. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
J.-H. Kwon, H. G. Lee, K.-H. Seo, H. Kim, Department of Food and Nutrition, Hanyang University, Seoul.
Scope: This study aimed to determine the separate and combined effect of a prebiotic (Catechin-rich wine grape seed flour, GSF) and a probiotic (newly isolated kefir lactic acid bacteria, LAB) on hepatic steatosis of obese mice.
Methods And Results: High-fat (HF)-induced obese mice were fed HF diet containing 6% microcrystalline cellulose (MCC, control), 10% GSF, orally administrated LAB, or combination of GSF and LAB for 9 weeks. There was a significant reduction of body weight gain, and liver weights, plasma insulin concentrations, and HOMA-IR in all experimental groups compared to control. Read More
Drug Dev Res 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Manufacturing Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, Busan, South Korea.
1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D (also called 1,25(OH) D or calcitriol) is the biologically active form of vitamin D, which functions as a ligand to the vitamin D receptor (VDR). It was previously reported that intestinal cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) expression was altered by 1,25(OH) D -mediated VDR activation. However, to clarify whether the change in CYP3A subfamily expression by VDR activation can affect metabolic function, further evidence is needed to prove the effect of 1,25(OH) D treatment on CYP3A-mediated drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics. Read More
Neurogastroenterol Motil 2018 Dec 10:e13523. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, Brazil.
Background: Toxoplasma gondii infection can occur through the ingestion of raw meat that contains tissue cysts or food that contains oocysts. Through the ingestion of oocysts, the parasite crosses the intestinal barrier, where the enteric nervous system is located. The objective was to investigate the kinetics of neuronal and glial responses during acute T. Read More
Eur J Immunol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Hematology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Under homeostatic conditions, dendritic cells (DCs) continuously patrol the intestinal lamina propria. Upon antigen encounter, DCs initiate C-C motif chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7) expression and migrate into lymph nodes to direct T cell activation and differentiation. The mechanistic underpinnings of DC migration from the tissues to lymph nodes have been largely elucidated, contributing greatly to our understanding of DC functionality and intestinal immunity. Read More
Prenat Diagn 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
Department of Pediatric Imaging, CHU Montpellier, Montpellier, France.
Objective: To assess specific, direct, and indirect prenatal ultrasound features in cases of fetal midgut volvulus.
Methods: Retrospective case series of neonatal volvulus, based on postnatal and prenatal imaging findings that occurred from 2006-2017. Prenatal and postnatal signs including the specific "whirlpool sign" were computed. Read More
J Sci Food Agric 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Institute of Food Science and Biotechnology, Chair Plant Foodstuff Technology and Analysis, University of Hohenheim, Garbenstrasse 25, D-70599 Stuttgart, Germany.
The frequent consumption of carotenoid-rich foods has been associated with numerous health benefits such as the supply of provitamin A. In order to exert these health benefits, carotenoids need to be efficiently liberated from the food matrix, micellized in the small intestine, taken up by the enterocytes, and absorbed to the human blood stream. Enormous efforts have been made to better understand these processes. Read More
J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of General Surgery, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.
Type II diabetes is a complex, chronic, and progressive disease. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-36) amide (GLP-1) is a gut hormone released from the L cells which stimulate insulin secretion and promotes insulin gene expression and β-cell growth and differentiation. Elevated levels of hormones secreted by L cells are an essential reason for diabetes improvement. Read More