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    Clinical Patterns of Candida Infections in Bombay.
    Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 1980 Jan-Feb;46(1):31-32
    One hundred consecutive cases of candidiasis in Bombay were studied. In each case the suspicion was confirmed by isolation typing of the Candida species. The clinical was as follows: vulvo-vaginitis 30%; intertrigo 18%; onychia and paronychia 12%; thrush 16%; generalised cutaneous candidasis 8%, enteritis 3%; bronchitis 12% and urinary tract infection 1%. Read More

    Marine and Other Aquatic Dermatoses.
    Indian J Dermatol 2017 Jan-Feb;62(1):66-78
    Diving School, Naval Base, Kochi, Kerala, India.
    Occupational and recreational aquatic activity predisposes our population to a wide variety of dermatoses. Sunburn, urticaria, jellyfish stings, and contact dermatitis to rubber equipment are common allergies that are encountered in the aquatic environment. Among the infections, tinea versicolor, intertrigo, and verruca vulgaris are widespread. Read More

    Skin toxicity in a patient with ovarian cancer treated with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin: A case report and review of the literature.
    Oncol Lett 2016 Dec 24;12(6):5332-5334. Epub 2016 Oct 24.
    Department of Chemotherapy, Medical University of Lodz, Copernicus Memorial Hospital, Lodz 93-513, Poland.
    Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) is a form of doxorubicin enclosed in pegylated liposomes. In contrast to conventional doxorubicin, PLD is characterized by a lower incidence of cardiotoxicity and myelosuppression. However, it induces specific mucocutaneous side effects, particularly palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia (PPE). Read More

    [Trichophyton tonsurans associated with non-albicans Candida species in hands onychomycosis about a Moroccan case].
    J Mycol Med 2016 Dec 28. Epub 2016 Dec 28.
    Laboratoire de parasitologie-mycologie, hôpital militaire Moulay Ismaïl, boulevard Mohamed, El Hansali, Meknès 50000, Maroc.
    Introduction: Trichophyton tonsurans is an anthropophilic dermatophyte, frequent in the USA and in Asia where it is responsible for causing tinea capitis. At present, we attend an emergence of this species in certain regions where it was not or little met. Here, we report a case of onychomycosis of the hand due to T. Read More

    Risk factors for non-purulent leg cellulitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Br J Dermatol 2016 Nov 18. Epub 2016 Nov 18.
    Emergency Care Research Unit (ECRU), Division of Population Health Sciences (PHS), Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI), 123 St Stephens Green, Dublin 2, Ireland.
    Non-purulent cellulitis is an acute bacterial infection of the dermal and subdermal tissues that is not associated with purulent drainage, discharge or abscess. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis (SRMA) was to identify and appraise all controlled observational studies that have examined risk factors for the development of non-purulent cellulitis of the leg (NPLC). A systematic literature search of electronic databases and grey literature sources was performed in July 2015. Read More

    Melanoma masquerading as nonmelanocytic lesions.
    Melanoma Res 2016 Dec;26(6):631-634
    Departments of aDermatology bMedical Oncology cDermatopathology, CHU of Sart-Tilman, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium.
    Increased awareness among dermatologists as well as the development of dermoscopy and sequential dermoscopy have contributed significantly toward an increase in the diagnostic accuracy of pigmented melanoma and even of amelanotic melanoma. However, the dermatologist's nightmare is the small group of melanomas that present as common skin diseases, often associated with a significant delay in diagnosis and hence a poor prognosis. The study was carried out to prospectively assess the number of melanomas lacking any clinical suspicion of melanoma and to describe their clinical and histological features over a 6-year observation period in an University Tertiary Skin Cancer Center. Read More

    Antimold Prophylaxis May Reduce the Risk of Invasive Fusariosis in Hematologic Patients with Superficial Skin Lesions with Positive Culture for Fusarium.
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2016 Dec 21;60(12):7290-7294. Epub 2016 Nov 21.
    University Hospital, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Hematologic patients with superficial skin lesions on admission growing Fusarium spp. are at a high risk for developing invasive fusariosis during neutropenia. We evaluated the impact of primary prophylaxis with a mold-active azole in preventing invasive fusariosis in these patients. Read More

    Oncoplastic reduction mammoplasty for breast cancer in women with macromastia: long term aesthetic, functional and satisfaction outcomes.
    Contemp Oncol (Pozn) 2016 4;20(3):256-60. Epub 2016 Mar 4.
    Department of General Surgery, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.
    Aim Of The Study: Despite the increase in studies concerning oncoplastic reduction mammoplasty (ORM), data showing long-term aesthetic and patient satisfaction for ORM in patients with macromastia remain limited. Therefore, this study evaluated the long-term results of tumorectomy and concomitant bilateral ORM for early-stage breast cancer patients with macromastia in terms of cosmesis, patient satisfaction, and functional outcomes.

    Material And Methods: Retrospective data of patients with macromastia undergoing ORM for breast cancer between 1996 and 2011 were examined and evaluated regarding the aesthetic results, patient satisfaction, and functional outcomes. Read More

    Non-dermatophyte Dermatoses Mimicking Dermatophytoses in Humans.
    Mycopathologia 2017 Feb 2;182(1-2):101-111. Epub 2016 Sep 2.
    Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Centre, CHU du Sart Tilman, University of Liège, 4000, Liège, Belgium.
    Human dermatophytic cutaneous infections usually present as single or multiple slowly progressing annular erythemato-squamous lesions with a tendency to central healing on the hairless skin. In the intertriginous regions (feet, inguinal, axillar, submammary), dermatophytic colonisations and infections manifest as whitish, slightly hyperkeratotic, pruritic and sometimes fissurated lesions. On the scalp, dermatophytic infections commonly lead to single or multiple more or less inflammatory and alopecic lesions. Read More

    [The role of reflectance confocal microscopy in the diagnosis of secondary syphilis of the vulva and anus: A first case report].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2016 Nov 25;143(11):687-690. Epub 2016 Aug 25.
    Service de dermatologie, hôpital universitaire de Saint-Etienne, 42055 Saint-Etienne cedex 2, France.
    Patients And Methods: Herein we report the case of an 18-year-old pregnant patient presenting with plantar and ano-genital lesions of syphilis, pharyngitis, erythematosus and scalynasolabial intertrigo and angular cheilitis.

    Reflectance Confocal Microscopy: In vivo reflectance confocal microscopy examination (Vivascope 3000(®); Caliber Inc, Rochester, NY, USA, distributed in France by Mavig, Munich) of ano-genital lesions enabled us to identify hyper-reflective elongated rods in the papillary dermis suggesting spirochetes. The diagnosis was confirmed by TPHA and VDRL as well as immunohistological examination. Read More

    [Etiology of intertrigo in adults: A prospective study of 103 cases].
    J Mycol Med 2016 Aug 20. Epub 2016 Aug 20.
    Service de dermatologie, hôpital Aristide Le Dantec, université Cheikh Anta DIOP, Dakar, Sénégal.
    Introduction: The etiologies of intertrigo in adults are numerous and different. The objective of our work was to study the epidemiological, clinical and the risk factors of intertrigo in adults.

    Methods: We conducted a prospective study for a period of seven months in two Dermatology Units in Dakar (Senegal). Read More

    Systematic mapping review about costs and economic evaluations of skin conditions and diseases in the aged.
    J Tissue Viability 2017 Feb 25;26(1):6-19. Epub 2016 Jul 25.
    Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Clinical Research Center for Hair and Skin Science, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany.
    Background: Skin conditions and dermatological diseases associated with advanced age (e.g. fungal infection, dry skin and itch) receive increasingly attention in clinical practice and research. Read More

    Successful treatment of recalcitrant candidal intertrigo with Dr Michaels® (Fungatinex®) product family.
    J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 2016 Apr-Jun;30(2 Suppl 3):89-93
    Chair of Dermatology, University of Rome “G. Marconi” Rome, Italy.
    Candidal intertrigo is an infection of the skin caused by Candida albicans that typically occurs in opposing cutaneous or muco-cutaneous surfaces. Because Candidiasis requires a damaged and moist environment for infection, it typically occurs in areas of friction such as the skin folds of the body. Candidal intertrigo is often difficult to treat and results are often unsatisfactory. Read More

    [Psoriasis in special localizations].
    Hautarzt 2016 Jun;67(6):454-63
    Klinik für Dermatologie und Phlebologie, Vivantes Klinikum im Friedrichshain, Landsberger Allee 49, 10249, Berlin, Deutschland.
    A large proportion of patients with plaque psoriasis suffer from psoriatic lesions of the scalp, nails, and intertrigines. These locations can also be soley or predominantly affected. Scalp psoriasis, nail psoriasis, and inverse psoriasis are often perceived as particularly stigmatizing. Read More

    Fungal interdigital tinea pedis in Dakar (Senegal).
    J Mycol Med 2016 Dec 12;26(4):312-316. Epub 2016 May 12.
    Laboratoire de parasitologie-mycologie, CHU Aristide le Dantec, BP 5005, Dakar, Senegal; Service de parasitologie-mycologie, faculté de médecine, de pharmacie et d'odontologie, université Cheikh Anta DIOP de Dakar, BP 16477, Dakar, Senegal.
    Fungal interdigital tinea pedis (FITP) is the most frequent dermatomycosis in industrial countries. In African tropics, it's a rare motive of consultation and is discovered while complicated. The aims of this article were: to determine the frequency of interdigital tinea pedis among overall mycological analysis in our laboratory; to study epidemiological, clinical and mycological aspects of FITP in outpatients attending the Le Dantec mycology laboratory in Dakar. Read More

    [Severe cutaneous drug reactions to misused griseofulvin: 2 cases].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2016 Mar 29;143(3):219-22. Epub 2016 Jan 29.
    Service de médecine interne, hôpital du Taaone, 98713 Papeete, Tahiti, Polynésie française. Electronic address:
    Background: Griseofulvin is an antifungal drug known to cause drug rash. However, it is widely prescribed outside its classic indications. Herein, we describe 2 cases in which griseofulvin was prescribed for off-label indications. Read More

    [2011 Epidemiological Survey of Dermatomycoses in Japan].
    Med Mycol J 2015 ;56(4):J129-35
    Epidemiological Investigation Committee for Human Mycoses in the Japanese Society for Medical Mycology, Chairman and Reporter.
    An epidemiological survey of dermatomycoses and their causative fungus flora in Japan for 2011 was conducted in accordance with methods and criteria of the past four surveys. The survey covered a total number of 36,052 outpatients who visited 12 dermatological clinics throughout Japan. The results were as follows. Read More

    Pressure and Friction Injuries in Primary Care.
    Prim Care 2015 Dec 14;42(4):631-44. Epub 2015 Oct 14.
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, 500 University Drive, H154, Hershey, PA 17033, USA; Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, 500 University Drive, Hershey, PA 17033, USA; Penn State Primary Care Sports Medicine Fellowship, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, 500 University Drive, H154, Hershey, PA 17033, USA.
    Pressure and friction injuries are common throughout the lifespan. A detailed history of the onset and progression of friction and pressure injuries is key to aiding clinicians in determining the underlying mechanism behind the development of the injury. Modifying or removing the forces that are creating pressure or friction is the key to both prevention and healing of these injuries. Read More

    Study of the Etiological Causes of Toe Web Space Lesions in Cairo, Egypt.
    Dermatol Res Pract 2015 21;2015:701489. Epub 2015 Sep 21.
    Al-Hussein University Hospital, Gawhar Al Qaed Street, El Darrasa, Cairo 11633, Egypt ; Dermatology, Venereology and Andrology, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo 11823, Egypt.
    Background. The etiology of foot intertrigo is varied. Several pathogens and skin conditions might play a role in toe web space lesions. Read More

    Zoledronic acid-associated symmetrical drug-related intertriginous and flexural exanthema (SDRIFE): report of baboon syndrome in a woman with recurrent metastatic breast cancer after receiving zoledronic acid.
    Dermatol Online J 2015 Aug 15;21(8). Epub 2015 Aug 15.
    University of California San Diego.
    Background: Baboon syndrome is a distinctive skin reaction in which the patient typically develops erythematous buttocks that appear similar to those of a baboon. The non-contact allergenic variant of baboon syndrome is also referred to as symmetrical drug-related intertriginous and flexural exanthema (SDRIFE). Zoledronic acid is a bisphosphonate that is used in patients with metastatic cancer to prevent bone complications. Read More

    [Risk factors associated with leg erysipelas (cellulitis) in sub-Saharan Africa: A multicentre case-control study].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2015 Nov 9;142(11):633-8. Epub 2015 Sep 9.
    Service de dermato-vénéréologie, CHU Sylvanus Olympio, université de Lomé, 08 BP 81056, Lomé 08, Togo.
    Background: Acute bacterial cellulitis of the leg (erysipelas) is a common problem involving considerable morbidity in dermatology practice in Africa. Previous studies conducted in Europe and North Africa have highlighted lymphoedema and toe-web intertrigo as independent factors associated with leg erysipelas. The aim of this case-control study was to identify risk factors associated with leg erysipelas in sub-Saharan Africa, within a different socio-economic and culture context. Read More

    Risk Factors for Chronic Intertrigo of the Lymphedema Leg in Southern India: A Case-Control Study.
    Int J Low Extrem Wounds 2015 Dec 8;14(4):377-83. Epub 2015 Sep 8.
    Vector Control Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research, Puducherry, India.
    Rich clinical experiences indicate that toe web intertrigo is a major predisposing condition for cellulitis/acute dermatolymphango adenitis (ADLA) and the number of lesions is the strongest predictor of frequency of ADLA in lymphedema (LE) patients. However, there is scanty information on the risk factors for the establishment of chronic toe web intertrigo in LE patients. We performed a case-control study recruiting 52 lower limb LE with intertrigo and 52 lower limb LE without intertrigo in community settings and assessed general and local potential risk factors for chronic intertrigo. Read More

    Serious stomatitis and esophagitis: a peculiar mucous reaction induced by pegylated liposomal doxorubicin.
    An Bras Dermatol 2015 May-Jun;90(3 Suppl 1):209-11
    Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, CN.
    Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin is an important antineoplastic agent with activity in a variety of solid tumors. It has a totally different profile of pharmacokinetics and toxicity compared with doxorubicin. It rarely causes side-effects like cardiotoxicity or hair loss, but frequently results in many kinds of mucocutaneous reactions, including palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia, diffuse follicular rash, intertrigo-like eruption, new formation of melanotic macules, stomatitis and radiation recall dermatitis. Read More

    Clinical characteristics of patients with lower limb cellulitis and antibiotic usage in Hospital Kuala Lumpur: a 7-year retrospective study.
    Int J Dermatol 2016 Jan 14;55(1):30-5. Epub 2015 Aug 14.
    Department of Dermatology, Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
    Background: Cellulitis commonly involved lower limbs. This study was carried out to determine the demography, clinical characteristics, risk factors, microbiological aspects, and antibiotics usage in this group of patients in Hospital Kuala Lumpur.

    Methods: A total of one hundred and twenty four patients with lower limb cellulitis treated in the Department of Dermatology, Hospital Kuala Lumpur, between January 2008 and May 2013 were included in this study. Read More

    Hereditary mucoepithelial dysplasia and severe respiratory distress.
    Respir Med Case Rep 2015 8;15:27-9. Epub 2015 Apr 8.
    Division of Pulmonary Medicine and Gene Therapy Center, Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA.
    Hereditary mucoepithelial dysplasia (HMD) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by mucoepithelial disruption of the skin, hair and mucous membranes. It results from defective gap junction formation and leads to non-scarring alopecia, mucosal erythema, perineal erythematous intertrigo, involvement of the conjunctival mucosa, and pulmonary disease. We present a case of severe respiratory distress in an initially healthy full term infant born to a mother with HMD. Read More

    [Nondermatophytic and noncandidal fungi isolated in Le Dantec University hospital of Dakar in 2014: Epidemiological, clinical and mycological study].
    J Mycol Med 2015 Sep 29;25(3):181-90. Epub 2015 Jun 29.
    Laboratoire de parasitologie-mycologie, CHU Aristide Le Dantec, Dakar, Sénégal; Laboratoire de parasitologie-mycologie, faculté de médecine, de pharmacie et d'odontologie, université Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Sénégal.
    In recent years, the incidence of superficial fungal infections involving nondermatophytic and noncandidal fungi increased considerably. The objective of this work was to analyze the epidemiological, clinical and mycological fungal infections due to nondermatophytic and noncandidal fungi diagnosed in the laboratory of parasitology-mycology of Le Dantec hospital in Dakar. With a retrospective study of the various cases of nondermatophytic and noncandidal fungi isolated in the laboratory of parasitology-mycology during the period of November 2013 to December 2014, we collected 22 cases of infections in 11 men and 11 women; age ranging from 17 to 75 years with a mean of 45. Read More

    Hyperhidrosis, bromhidrosis, and chromhidrosis: Fold (intertriginous) dermatoses.
    Clin Dermatol 2015 Jul-Aug;33(4):483-91. Epub 2015 Apr 8.
    Tokuda Hospital, Sofia, Bulgaria.
    Human sweat glands disorders are common and can have a significant impact on the quality of life and on professional, social, and emotional burdens. It is of paramount importance to diagnose and treat them properly to ensure optimal patient care. Hyperhidrosis is characterized by increased sweat secretion, which can be idiopathic or secondary to other systemic conditions. Read More

    Diaper (napkin) dermatitis: A fold (intertriginous) dermatosis.
    Clin Dermatol 2015 Jul-Aug;33(4):477-82. Epub 2015 Apr 9.
    Department of Dermatology, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, İstanbul, Turkey.
    Diaper (napkin) dermatitis is an acutely presenting inflammatory irritant contact dermatitis of the diaper region. It is one of the most common dermatologic diseases in infants and children. In the past, the disease was thought to be caused by ammonia; however, a number of factors, such as friction, wetness, inappropriate skin care, microorganisms, antibiotics, and nutritional defects, are important. Read More

    Pemphigus vegetans of the folds (intertriginous areas).
    Clin Dermatol 2015 Jul-Aug;33(4):471-6. Epub 2015 Apr 8.
    Department of Dermatology, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
    Pemphigus vegetans (P Veg), the rarest form of pemphigus, is thought to be a variant of pemphigus vulgaris (PV). Classically, two subtypes of P Veg are recognized: (1) Neumann P Veg, which usually begins as PV with vesicles and bullae that rupture to form hypertrophic granulating erosions, then evolving into vegetating exuding masses; (2) Hallopeau P Veg, initially characterized by pustular lesions that, after rupturing, merge and gradually evolve into vegetating erosions with a centrifugal expansion. The disease typically affects the big folds (axillary, inframammary, inguinocrural, intergluteal), where semiocclusion, maceration, and mixed infections continuously incite exudation and granulation tissue formation (wet P Veg). Read More

    Acanthosis nigricans: A fold (intertriginous) dermatosis.
    Clin Dermatol 2015 Jul-Aug;33(4):466-70. Epub 2015 Apr 8.
    Department of Dermatology, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Fatih, Istanbul 34098, Turkey.
    Acanthosis nigricans (AN) is a mucocutaneous disorder that is characterized by focal or diffuse hyperkeratotic, surfaces, which are symmetrically distributed hyperpigmented lesions of the skin. It rarely affects mucosal surfaces like oral cavities. Although it is commonly seen in adolescents, AN is also increasingly seen in children who are obese. Read More

    Baboon syndrome and toxic erythema of chemotherapy: Fold (intertriginous) dermatoses.
    Clin Dermatol 2015 Jul-Aug;33(4):462-5. Epub 2015 Apr 7.
    Department of Dermatology, Istanbul University Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Three decades ago, researchers described an eruption with a very characteristic distribution pattern that was confined to the buttocks and the intertriginous and flexor areas. They gave this reaction pattern one of the most unforgettable names in dermatology, baboon syndrome (BS), due to the characteristic, bright-red, well-demarcated eruption predominantly on the buttocks and genital area, reminiscent of the red bottom of a baboon. The authors described three cases provoked by ampicillin, nickel, and mercury. Read More

    Psoriasis inversa: A separate identity or a variant of psoriasis vulgaris?
    Clin Dermatol 2015 Jul-Aug;33(4):456-61. Epub 2015 Apr 8.
    Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen University, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:
    Psoriasis is a chronic skin disorder affecting approximately 2% of the European and American population. The most common form of psoriasis is the chronic plaque type. Inverse psoriasis, also named flexural or intertriginous psoriasis, is not considered a separate disease entity but rather a special site of involvement of plaque psoriasis, characterized by its localization to inverse/intertriginous/flexural body sites. Read More

    Hailey-Hailey disease: A fold (intertriginous) dermatosis.
    Clin Dermatol 2015 Jul-Aug;33(4):452-5. Epub 2015 Apr 8.
    Department of Dermatology, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Fatih, Istanbul 34098, Turkey.
    Hailey-Hailey disease, also called benign familial pemphigus, is a late-onset blistering disorder that affects the flexures. There are typically painful erosions and cracks in affected areas. Lesions generally begin between 20 and 40 years of age. Read More

    Darier disease: A fold (intertriginous) dermatosis.
    Clin Dermatol 2015 Jul-Aug;33(4):448-51. Epub 2015 Apr 9.
    Department of Dermatology, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Fatih, Istanbul 34098, Turkey.
    Darier disease, also known as Darier-White disease, is characterized by yellow to brown, oily keratotic papules and plaques in the seborrheic areas of the face and chest. This disorder may show different clinical manifestations, such as palmoplantar pits and nail abnormalities. The trigger factors are mechanical trauma, heat, humidity, ultraviolet B, and pyogenic infections. Read More

    Fungal infections of the folds (intertriginous areas).
    Clin Dermatol 2015 Jul-Aug;33(4):437-47. Epub 2015 Apr 7.
    Ankara Ataturk Research and Training Hospital, Bilkent, Ankara, Turkey.
    Superficial fungal infections are widespread, regardless of age and gender, in populations all around the world and may affect the skin and skin appendages. Although there are thousands of fungal infections from various genera and families in nature, those that are pathogenic for humans and nesting in skin folds are limited in number. The prevalence and distribution of these fungi vary according to the patients and certain environmental factors. Read More

    Viral infections of the folds (intertriginous areas).
    Clin Dermatol 2015 Jul-Aug;33(4):429-36. Epub 2015 Apr 8.
    Emeritus Professor of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, Beşevler, Ankara, Turkey; Dermatology and Laser Center, Landau, Germany.
    Viruses are considered intracellular obligates with a nucleic acid, either RNA or DNA. They have the ability to encode proteins involved in viral replication and production of the protective coat within the host cells but require host cell ribosomes and mitochondria for translation. The members of the families Herpesviridae, Poxviridae, Papovaviridae, and Picornaviridae are the most commonly known agents for the cutaneous viral diseases, but other virus families, such as Adenoviridae, Togaviridae, Parvoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Flaviviridae, and Hepadnaviridae, can also infect the skin. Read More

    Bacterial infections of the folds (intertriginous areas).
    Clin Dermatol 2015 Jul-Aug;33(4):420-8. Epub 2015 Apr 8.
    Department of Dermatology, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, 34098, Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey.
    The axillary, inguinal, post-auricular, and inframammary areas are considered skin folds, where one skin layer touches another. Skin fold areas have a high moisture level and elevated temperature, both of which increase the possibility of microorganism overgrowth. A massive amount of bacteria live on the surface of the skin. Read More

    Acrodermatitis enteropathica and other nutritional diseases of the folds (intertriginous areas).
    Clin Dermatol 2015 Jul-Aug;33(4):414-9. Epub 2015 Apr 8.
    Department of Dermatology, University of Connecticut Health Center, 21 South Road, Farmington, CT, 06030, USA. Electronic address:
    The appropriate intake and metabolism of vitamins and minerals are critical to maintaining homeostasis. Imbalance in essential nutrients, either through dietary excess or deficiency or disorders in metabolism, can result in a spectrum of dermatologic and systemic manifestations. Certain nutrient deficiencies produce a characteristic pattern of cutaneous eruption. Read More

    Mycology - an update Part 3: Dermatomycoses: topical and systemic therapy.
    J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2015 May;13(5):387-410; quiz 411
    Medical Microbiology Laboratory, Mölbis, Germany.
    Treatment of dermatophyte infections is based on the clinical picture and mycological detection of the causative pathogen. Based on the appropriate indication, onychomycosis can be treated topically using an antimycotic nail lacquer. Atraumatic nail abrasion with 40 % urea ointment has a beneficial effect on healing. Read More

    [Tinea pedis due to Fusarium solani in Dakar].
    J Mycol Med 2015 Jun 30;25(2):155-8. Epub 2015 Mar 30.
    Laboratoire de parasitologie-mycologie, CHU Aristide Le Dantec, Dakar, Sénégal; Laboratoire de parasitologie-mycologie, faculté de médecine, de pharmacie et d'odontologie, université Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Sénégal.
    A patient presented with intertrigo at the second, third and fourth interdigitals spaces lasting for four years in which Fusarium solani was highlighted. The search for contributing factors revealed a concept of foot washing with water at least five times a day for ablutions, associated with wearing closed shoes all day and the absence of immunosuppression and diabetes. The diagnosis of Fusarium was made on the basis of direct examination and culture. Read More

    What's new with common, uncommon and rare rashes in childhood.
    Curr Opin Pediatr 2015 Apr;27(2):261-6
    aGeisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire bUniversity of Connecticut, Farmington, Connecticut, USA.
    Purpose Of Review: Children with rashes account for many of the outpatient visits to a general pediatrician. As such, pediatricians are often the first to identify and treat these rashes. Establishing an approach to common, uncommon and rare pediatric rashes assists in accurate assessment. Read More

    [Generalized exanthematous pustular dermatophytid, a rare clinical presentation of dermatophytid reaction].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2015 Apr 13;142(4):270-5. Epub 2015 Feb 13.
    Service de dermatologie, hôpital Necker-Enfants malades, AP-HP, 149, rue de Sèvres, 75015 Paris, France; Institut Imagine, université Paris Descartes-Sorbonne Paris Cité, 24, boulevard du Montparnasse, 75015 Paris, France.
    Background: Dermatophytids are immunologically mediated dermatologic presentations secondary to sensitization to a dermatophyte infection. They are most frequently associated with toe-web intertrigo and usually present as localized, palmar, pruriginous vesicular eruptions. We report three original cases of generalized exanthematous pustular dermatophytid associated with kerions. Read More

    Experience of a year of adult hospital dermatology consultations.
    Int J Dermatol 2015 Oct 10;54(10):1150-6. Epub 2014 Nov 10.
    Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
    Background: Dermatology consultations are frequently requested by inpatient hospital services. As inpatient dermatology services in the USA decline, dermatology hospital consultations are becoming increasingly important.

    Objectives: We aim to describe the spectrum of skin diseases encountered and the health care subspecialties requesting dermatology hospital consultations. Read More

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