99,076 results match your criteria Internet Journal of Pulmonary Medicine[Journal]


[Consult Your Physician or Health Care Provider? Health and Legal Aspects Regarding the Use of Dietary Supplements Offered in the World Wide Web].

Sportverletz Sportschaden 2018 Dec 11;32(4):264-271. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Hochschule für öffentliche Verwaltung und Finanzen Ludwigsburg.

Background:  In Germany, widespread use is made of dietary supplements (DS) to improve the individual health status, especially among patients diagnosed with certain conditions, elderly people and athletes. Legal aspects as well as health risks related to DS purchased via the internet are rarely analysed in Germany.

Purpose:  We aim to provide a review of the respective literature focusing on health risks, legal aspects und consumer information related to the internet retailing of DS. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Relative Cost Effectiveness of In-Person and Internet Interventions for Relationship Distress.

Fam Process 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL.

While the efficacy of couple therapy has been repeatedly demonstrated, most distressed couples do not seek treatment. To improve reach and overcome barriers to therapy, Integrative Behavioral Couple Therapy (IBCT) was translated into a web-based program, OurRelationship (OR). While both IBCT and OR have been shown to improve relationship and individual functioning, the goal of the present study was to compare the relative cost effectiveness of these two treatment modalities. Read More

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December 2018

Audiovisual quality impacts assessments of job candidates in video interviews: Evidence for an AV quality bias.

Cogn Res Princ Implic 2018 Dec 7;3(1):47. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Psychology, Williams College, 25 Stetson Ct., Williamstown, MA, 01267, USA.

Video job interviews have become a common hiring practice, allowing employers to save money and recruit from a wider applicant pool. But differences in job candidates' internet connections mean that some interviews will have higher audiovisual (AV) quality than others. We hypothesized that interviewers would be impacted by AV quality when they rated job candidates. Read More

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December 2018

Correction to: Fulvestrant-Based Combination Therapy for Second-Line Treatment of Hormone Receptor-Positive Advanced Breast Cancer.

Target Oncol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, 27710, USA.

The article Fulvestrant-Based Combination Therapy for Second-Line Treatment of Hormone Receptor-Positive Advanced Breast Cancer, written by Sarah Sammons, Noah S. Kornblum and Kimberly L. Blackwell, was originally published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink). Read More

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December 2018

Engaging hospitalized patients with personalized health information: a randomized trial of an inpatient portal.

J Am Med Inform Assoc 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Biomedical Informatics, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA.

Objective: To determine the effects of an inpatient portal intervention on patient activation, patient satisfaction, patient engagement with health information, and 30-day hospital readmissions.

Methods And Materials: From March 2014 to May 2017, we enrolled 426 English- or Spanish-speaking patients from 2 cardiac medical-surgical units at an urban academic medical center. Patients were randomized to 1 of 3 groups: 1) usual care, 2) tablet with general Internet access (tablet-only), and 3) tablet with an inpatient portal. Read More

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December 2018

Influence of the requirement for abdominal pain in the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C) under the Rome IV criteria using data from a large Japanese population-based internet survey.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 5;12:18. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

4Department of Behavioral Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Background: Rome III was revised to Rome IV in May 2016. One important change in the Rome IV criteria is that abdominal pain must be present for a diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Under Rome III, in contrast, patients with abdominal discomfort only could be diagnosed with IBS, but these cases under Rome IV are now classified as unspecified functional bowel disorder (FBD). Read More

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December 2018

Internet Phobia: A Case Report.

Indian J Psychol Med 2018 Nov-Dec;40(6):584-585

Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuroscience, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

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December 2018

Effect of Internet-based Cognitive Behavioral Humanistic and Interpersonal Training vs. Internet-based General Health Education on Adolescent Depression in Primary Care: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Netw Open 2018 Nov;1(7)

Department of General Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Importance: Although 13-20% of American adolescents experience a depressive episode annually, no scalable primary care model for adolescent depression prevention is currently available.

Objective: To study whether CATCH-IT (Competent Adulthood Transition with Cognitive Behavioral Humanistic and Interpersonal Training) reduces the hazard for depression in at-risk adolescents identified in primary care, as compared to a general health education attention control (HE).

Design: The Promoting AdolescenT Health (PATH) study compares CATCH-IT and HE in a phase 3 single-blind multicenter randomized attention control trial. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Exploring member data for Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) in California: Comparisons of former and current CSA members.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 13;21:2082-2088. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Geography Graduate Group, University of California, One Shields Ave., Davis, CA 95616, USA.

This article is a description of data related to the research article entitled "The (un)making of 'CSA people': member retention and the customization paradox in Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) in California" (Galt et al., in press). The data presented were collected through two statewide surveys, conducted via internet-based questionnaire, related to Community Supported Agriculture in California: a former CSA member survey, and a current CSA member survey. Read More

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December 2018

Epidemiological Data Challenges: Planning for a More Robust Future Through Data Standards.

Front Public Health 2018 23;6:336. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Bioscience Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, United States.

Accessible epidemiological data are of great value for emergency preparedness and response, understanding disease progression through a population, and building statistical and mechanistic disease models that enable forecasting. The status quo, however, renders acquiring and using such data difficult in practice. In many cases, a primary way of obtaining epidemiological data is through the internet, but the methods by which the data are presented to the public often differ drastically among institutions. Read More

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November 2018

Nonstandard do-not-resuscitate orders.

Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami.

Purpose Of Review: Tattoos and medallions are examples of nonstandard do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders that some people use to convey end-of-life wishes. These DNR orders are neither universally accepted nor understood for reasons discussed within this manuscript.

Recent Findings: Studies show both providers and patients confuse the meaning and implication of DNR orders. Read More

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December 2018

Digital transformation in healthcare - architectures of present and future information technologies.

Clin Chem Lab Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

SAP SE, Walldorf, Germany.

Healthcare providers all over the world are faced with a single challenge: the need to improve patient outcomes while containing costs. Drivers include an increasing demand for chronic disease management for an aging population, technological advancements and empowered patients taking control of their health experience. The digital transformation in healthcare, through the creation of a rich health data foundation and integration of technologies like the Internet of Things (IoT), advanced analytics, Machine Learning (ML) and Artificial Intelligence (AI), is recognized as a key component to tackle these challenges. Read More

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December 2018

Development and evaluation of a WeChat-based life review programme for patients with cancer: protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 6;8(12):e020239. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

School of Nursing, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China.

Introduction: Patients with cancer often suffer from considerable distress. Life review is a process of recalling, evaluating and integrating life experiences to alleviate a sense of despair and achieve self-integrity. Empirical data have supported the fact that life review is an effective psychological intervention, but it is not always accessible to patients with cancer. Read More

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December 2018

Mobile Phone, Computer, and Internet Use Among Older Homeless Adults: Results from the HOPE HOME Cohort Study.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2018 Dec 10;6(12):e10049. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States.

Background: The median age of single homeless adults is approximately 50 years. Older homeless adults have poor social support and experience a high prevalence of chronic disease, depression, and substance use disorders. Access to mobile phones and the internet could help lower the barriers to social support, social services, and medical care; however, little is known about access to and use of these by older homeless adults. Read More

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December 2018

Online Positive Affect Journaling in the Improvement of Mental Distress and Well-Being in General Medical Patients With Elevated Anxiety Symptoms: A Preliminary Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Ment Health 2018 Dec 10;5(4):e11290. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Medicine, Penn State College of Medicine, The Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA, United States.

Background: Positive affect journaling (PAJ), an emotion-focused self-regulation intervention, has been associated with positive outcomes among medical populations. It may be adapted for Web-based dissemination to address a need for scalable, evidence-based psychosocial interventions among distressed patients with medical conditions.

Objective: This study aimed to examine the impact of a 12-week Web-based PAJ intervention on psychological distress and quality of life in general medical patients. Read More

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December 2018

Questionnaire Breakoff and Item Nonresponse in Web-Based Questionnaires: Multilevel Analysis of Person-Level and Item Design Factors in a Birth Cohort.

J Med Internet Res 2018 Dec 7;20(12):e11046. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

Background: Web-based questionnaires are increasingly used in epidemiologic studies, as traditional methods are facing a decrease in response rates and an increase in costs. However, few studies have investigated factors related to the level of completion of internet-based epidemiologic questionnaires.

Objective: Our objective was to identify person-level characteristics and item design factors associated with breakoff (not finishing the questionnaire) and item nonresponse in a Web-based questionnaire. Read More

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December 2018

Clinical Feasibility of a Just-in-Time Adaptive Intervention App (iREST) as a Behavioral Sleep Treatment in a Military Population: Feasibility Comparative Effectiveness Study.

J Med Internet Res 2018 Dec 7;20(12):e10124. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Sleep and Behavioral Neuroscience Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States.

Background: Although evidence-based cognitive behavioral sleep treatments have been shown to be safe and effective, these treatments have limited scalability. Mobile health tools can address this scalability challenge. iREST, or interactive Resilience Enhancing Sleep Tactics, is a mobile health platform designed to provide a just-in-time adaptive intervention (JITAI) in the assessment, monitoring, and delivery of evidence-based sleep recommendations in a scalable and personalized manner. Read More

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December 2018

Mobile Health, Information Preferences, and Surrogate Decision-Making Preferences of Family Caregivers of People With Dementia in Rural Hispanic Communities: Cross-Sectional Questionnaire Study.

J Med Internet Res 2018 Dec 10;20(12):e11682. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

School of Information, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, United States.

Background: Mobile health (mHealth) technology holds promise for promoting health education and reducing health disparities and inequalities in underserved populations. However, little research has been done to develop mHealth interventions for family caregivers of people with dementia, particularly those in rural Hispanic communities, who often serve as surrogate decision makers for their relatives with dementia.

Objective: As part of a larger project to develop and test a novel, affordable, and easy-to-use mHealth intervention to deliver individually tailored materials in rural Hispanic communities, in this pilot study, we aimed to examine (1) characteristics of people with dementia and their family caregivers in rural Hispanic communities, (2) caregivers' preferences for types and amounts of health information and participation in surrogate decision making, and (3) caregivers' mobile device usage and their desire for receiving information via mobile devices. Read More

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December 2018

Creating Engaging Health Promotion Campaigns on Social Media: Observations and Lessons From Fitbit and Garmin.

J Med Internet Res 2018 Dec 10;20(12):e10911. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Alliance for Research in Exercise, Nutrition and Activity, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia.

Background: The popularity and reach of social media make it an ideal delivery platform for interventions targeting health behaviors, such as physical inactivity. Research has identified a dose-response relationship whereby greater engagement and exposure are positively associated with intervention effects, hence enhancing engagement will maximize the potential of these interventions.

Objective: This study examined the social media activity of successful commercial activity tracker brands to understand which creative elements (message content and design) they use in their communication to their audience, which social media platforms attract the most engagement, and which creative elements prompted the most engagement. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Cloud deployment of high-resolution medical image analysis with TOMAAT.

IEEE J Biomed Health Inform 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Background: Deep learning has been recently applied to a multitude of computer vision and medical image analysis problems. Although recent research efforts have improved the state of the art, most of the methods cannot be easily accessed, compared or used by other researchers or clinicians. Even if developers publish their code and pre-trained models on the internet, integration in stand-alone applications and existing workflows is often not straightforward, especially for clinical research partners. Read More

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December 2018

A Stabilized Feedback Episodic Memory (SF-EM) and Home Service Provision Framework for Robot and IoT Collaboration.

IEEE Trans Cybern 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

The automated home referred to as Smart Home is expected to offer fully customized services to its residents, reducing the amount of home labor, thus improving human beings' welfare. Service robots and Internet of Things (IoT) play the key roles in the development of Smart Home. The service provision with these two main components in a Smart Home environment requires: 1) learning and reasoning algorithms and 2) the integration of robot and IoT systems. Read More

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December 2018

A novel risk calculator to predict outcome after surgery for symptomatic spinal metastases; use of a large prospective patient database to personalise surgical management.

Eur J Cancer 2018 Dec 6;107:28-36. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurosurgery, The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College London, London, UK.

Aim: Surgery for spinal metastases can improve symptoms, but sometimes complications can negate the benefits. Operations may have different indications, complexities and risks, and the choice for an individual is a tailor-made personalised decision. Previous prognostic scoring systems are becoming out of date and inaccurate. Read More

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December 2018

The relationship between anxiety symptom severity and problematic smartphone use: A review of the literature and conceptual frameworks.

J Anxiety Disord 2018 Nov 30;62:45-52. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Global and Community Mental Health Research Group, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Macau, Avenida da Universidade, Taipa, Macau (SAR), People's Republic of China; Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St., Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA. Electronic address:

In the present paper, we examine the literature studying relations between problematic smartphone use (PSU) and anxiety symptom severity. We first present background on the health advantages and disadvantages of using a smartphone. Next, we provide caveats in distinguishing healthy smartphone use from unhealthy PSU, and we discuss how PSU is measured. Read More

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November 2018

Cognitive processes mediate the effects of insomnia treatment: evidence from a randomized wait-list controlled trial.

Sleep Med 2018 Oct 29;54:86-93. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Introduction: Both guided online and individual face-to-face cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) are effective in improving insomnia symptoms and sleep efficiency. Little is known about the underlying mechanisms generating this effect. The present study tests the assumption that pre-sleep arousal, sleep-related worry and dysfunctional beliefs about sleep are mediators in the effect of cognitive behavioral treatment for insomnia. Read More

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October 2018

Problematic internet use and its correlates among resident doctors of a tertiary care hospital of North India: A cross-sectional study.

Asian J Psychiatr 2018 Nov 26;39:42-47. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Psychiatry, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, 160012, India.

Background: Problematic Internet use/ Internet addiction (IA) has gained the attention of mental health professionals recently and studies have found that medical professionals are not immune to IA with prevalence rate ranging from 2.8 to 8%. Few studies from India have also reported high rates of IA among medical students. Read More

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November 2018

Clinical respiratory infections and pneumonia during the Hajj pilgrimage: A systematic review.

Travel Med Infect Dis 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Aix Marseille Univ, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille (AP-HM), Service de Santé des Armées (SSA), Microbes Vecteurs Infections Tropicales et Méditerranéennes (VITROME), Institut Hospitalo-Universitaire-Méditerranée Infection (IHU-Méditerranée Infection), Marseille, France. Electronic address:

Background: The Islamic Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca is one of the world's largest annual mass gatherings. Inevitable overcrowding during the pilgrims' stay greatly increases the risk of acquiring and spreading infectious diseases, especially respiratory diseases.

Method: The MEDLINE/PubMed and Scopus databases were searched for all relevant papers published prior to February 2018 that evaluated the prevalence of clinical symptoms of respiratory infections, including pneumonia, among Hajj pilgrims, as well as their influenza and pneumococcal vaccination status. Read More

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December 2018

The Breast Radiologist as a Public Educator: Designing an Effective Presentation for a Lay Audience.

J Am Coll Radiol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Radiology, Michigan Medicine-University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Educating the public about breast cancer screening and diagnosis is important. Medical and regulatory agencies encourage shared decision making about undergoing breast cancer screening, and there are many places women can get information and misinformation. The Internet and other media sources present information that may not be correct or understandable. Read More

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December 2018

Review of European and American guidelines for the diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis.

Med Mal Infect 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Aix Marseille université, IRD, SSA, VITROME, IHU-Méditerranée Infection, AP-HM, 13005 Marseille, France.

Lyme disease is a tick-borne bacterial disease with polymorphic clinical manifestations (cutaneous, rheumatological, and neurological). In recent years the issue of the diagnosis of this infection has been highly publicized on the Internet and other media in Europe and America. Some patients and physicians may share the perception that the diagnosis of the infection is not reliable in France. Read More

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December 2018

Poor Adherence to Dietary Guidelines Among French-Speaking Adults in the Province of Quebec, Canada: The PREDISE Study.

Can J Cardiol 2018 Dec;34(12):1665-1673

Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada; School of Nutrition, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Regular monitoring of the population's food and nutrient intake is essential to develop effective nutrition-focused public health policies. The aim of this study was to provide dietary intake estimates using an age- and sex-representative sample of French-speaking adults with Internet access from 5 administrative regions in the province of Quebec, Canada.

Methods: PRÉDicteurs Individuels, Sociaux et Environnementaux (PREDISE) is a multicentre cross-sectional study that used a Web-based approach to collect individual, social, and environmental data on factors associated with adherence to dietary recommendations. Read More

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December 2018

Attitudes, skills and use of evidence-based practice among UK osteopaths: a national cross-sectional survey.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Dec 8;19(1):439. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine (ARCCIM), Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background: Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a clinical decision-making framework that supports quality improvement in healthcare. While osteopaths are key providers of musculoskeletal healthcare, the extent to which osteopaths engage in EBP is unclear. Thus, the aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate UK osteopaths' attitudes, skills and use of EBP, and perceived barriers and facilitators of EBP uptake. Read More

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December 2018

Web-based CBT for the prevention of anxiety symptoms among medical and health science graduate students.

Cogn Behav Ther 2018 Dec 11:1-21. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

a Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences , Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) , Charleston , SC , USA.

Medical and health science graduate students report greater anxiety problems than the general population, but they are less likely to seek treatment due to cultural and logistical barriers. One preventative approach that overcomes these barriers is web-based cognitive behavioral therapy (webCBT). It is unknown whether webCBT is effective for preventing anxiety escalation within this population. Read More

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December 2018

The Gap Between Tools and Best Practice: An Analysis of Safety Prequalification Surveys in the Construction Industry.

New Solut 2018 Dec 10:1048291118813583. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

2 Department of Physical Therapy, Movement, and Rehabilitation Sciences, Bouvé College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA.

This study characterizes safety prequalification surveys currently in use in the construction industry to identify approaches that include leading indicators of worker safety performance. We collected prequalification surveys available in the public domain from internet searches, construction company websites, published literature, and construction industry partners. We utilized a conceptual framework, based on safety theory and best practices, to categorize survey questions. Read More

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December 2018

[Quality criteria of internet-based cognitive-behavioral interventions for children and adolescents and their parents - A systematic review].

Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother 2018 12 11:1-17. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

1 Klinik für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie/Psychotherapie, Universitätsklinik Ulm, Deutschland.

Quality criteria of internet-based cognitive-behavioral interventions for children and adolescents and their parents - A systematic review Abstract.

Introduction: This study provides an overview of existing internet-based evidence-based cognitive behavioral interventions (iCBT) for children/adolescents and their parents. The studies were evaluated based on preliminary defined quality criteria regarding their usability in the healthcare system. Read More

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December 2018

Online behavior of people visiting a scientific website on epilepsy.

Epilepsy Behav 2018 Dec 3;90:79-83. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

'Sapienza' University of Rome, Human Neuroscience Department, Rome, Italy.

We investigated the online behavior of Internet users consulting the website of the Italian Chapter of the International League Against Epilepsy (Lega Italiana Contro l'Epilessia [LICE]). We obtained the visualization statistics of the LICE website using AWStats (https://awstats.sourceforge. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Not performing an OGTT results in underdiagnosis, inadequate risk assessment and probable cost increases of (pre)diabetes in Han Chinese over 40 years: a population based prospective cohort study.

Endocr Connect 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

L Chen, Endocrinology, Tongji Hospital affiliated with Tongji Medical School of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China.

Screening for (pre)diabetes is recommended in China using fasting blood glucose as routine strategy currently but not oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in high-risk population. We aimed to explore the impact by not performing an OGTT in Han Chinese over 40 years. 6682 participants were included in the prospective cohort study followed up for 3 years. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Improvements in the perception of facial attractiveness following surgical aesthetic treatment; study based on online before and after photos.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Aesthetic Medicine, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.

Background: Aesthetic surgery procedures such as lip augmentation, eyelid correction, face-lifting, or Botox treatment for lines and wrinkles are an important part of cosmetic surgery.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to estimate improvement in appearance following plastic surgery using modern collective intelligence methods of validation.

Methods: A total of 108 photographs showing 54 patients prior to and following cosmetic surgery were downloaded from Internet web presentations of several unnamed plastic surgeons. Read More

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December 2018

IoT-Based Services and Applications for Mental Health in the Literature.

J Med Syst 2018 Dec 6;43(1):11. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Psiquiatry Service, Hospital Zamora, Hernán Cortés, Zamora, Spain.

Internet of Things (IoT) has emerged as a new paradigm today, connecting a variety of physical and virtual elements integrated with electronic components, sensors, actuators and software to collect and exchange data. IoT is gaining increasing attention as a priority research topic in the Health sector in general and in specific areas such as Mental Health. The main objective of this paper is to show a review of the existing research works in the literature, referring to the main IoT services and applications in Mental Health diseases. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

The role of knowledge in internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy for adolescent depression: Results from a randomised controlled study.

Internet Interv 2019 Mar 2;15:10-17. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Background And Objectives: Clients' knowledge about their condition and treatment is considered crucial for general health improvement, and knowledge acquisition is an essential part in internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (ICBT). Yet, little is known about the role of knowledge and how it influences treatment outcome. This study aimed to examine if explicit knowledge increased following ICBT for adolescent depression, if knowledge gain would be associated with symptom reduction, and if pre-existing knowledge predicted changes in depressive symptoms. Read More

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A Cross-Lagged Study of Developmental Trajectories of Video Game Engagement, Addiction, and Mental Health.

Front Psychol 2018 21;9:2239. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Psychosocial Science, Faculty of Psychology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Video game addiction has been associated with an array of mental health variables. There is a paucity of longitudinal studies investigating such associations, and studies differentiating addicted gaming from problem and engaged (i.e. Read More

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November 2018

Impact of opioid dose reduction on individuals with chronic pain: results of an online survey.

J Pain Res 2018 8;11:2769-2779. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Collegium Pharmaceutical Inc., Canton, MA, USA.

Background: In 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a guideline on opioid prescribing for primary care physicians. Patients with chronic pain receiving long-term opioid therapy were surveyed to assess the incidence and impact of opioid dose reduction following this guideline's promulgation.

Methods: Members of an advocacy organization for people with chronic pain were invited to participate in a 16-item, anonymous, online survey conducted in September/October 2017. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Sustainable production of highly conductive multilayer graphene ink for wireless connectivity and IoT applications.

Nat Commun 2018 12 5;9(1):5197. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK.

Printed electronics offer a breakthrough in the penetration of information technology into everyday life. The possibility of printing electronic circuits will further promote the spread of the Internet of Things applications. Inks based on graphene have a chance to dominate this technology, as they potentially can be low cost and applied directly on materials like textile and paper. Read More

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December 2018

[Awareness of harm to others from secondhand smoke and smokers' interest in smoking cessation].

Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi 2018 ;65(11):655-665

Cancer Control Center, Osaka International Cancer Institute.

Objectives Because smoking presents various health hazards, smoking cessation is important for health promotion. It is known that awareness of the harm of smoking to smokers themselves is associated with attempts to quit. However, the association between smoking cessation and awareness of harm to others from secondhand smoke has not been well examined. Read More

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January 2018
6 Reads

Use of geosocial networking applications is independently associated with diagnosis of STI among men who have sex with men testing for STIs: findings from the cross-sectional MSM Internet Survey Ireland (MISI) 2015.

Sex Transm Infect 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Health Protection Surveillance Centre, Dublin, Ireland.

Objectives: MSM Internet Survey Ireland (MISI) 2015 was an anonymous, self-completed, cross-sectional internet survey assessing sexual behaviours and health needs among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Ireland. We explored factors associated with self-reported STI diagnosis among MSM who were sexually active and had an STI test in the previous year.

Methods: We compared the study population (n=1158; 37% of total population), with the sexually active MISI population not testing for STIs (n=1620; 52% of total population). Read More

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December 2018

eHealth Engagement as a Response to Negative Healthcare Experiences: Cross-Sectional Survey Analysis.

J Med Internet Res 2018 Dec 5;20(12):e11034. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Health Policy, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, United States.

Background: eHealth provides individuals with new means of accessing health information and communicating with providers through online channels. Prior evidence suggests that patients use eHealth to find information online when they receive care that is low in patient centeredness. However, it is unclear how other problems with the healthcare-delivery system motivate the use of eHealth, how these problems relate to different kinds of eHealth activities, and which populations are most likely to use eHealth when they receive low-quality care. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Hybrid Blockchain and Internet-of-Things Network for Underground Structure Health Monitoring.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 4;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, 222 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 04763, Korea.

The Internet-of-things (IoT) and blockchain are growing realities of modern society, and both are rapidly transforming civilization, either separately or in combination. However, the leverage of both technologies for structural health monitoring (SHM) to enable transparent information sharing among involved parties and autonomous decision making has not yet been achieved. Therefore, this study combines IoT with blockchain-based smart contracts for SHM of underground structures to define a novel, efficient, scalable, and secure distributed network for enhancing operational safety. Read More

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December 2018

Cooperative Jammer Selection for Secrecy Improvement in Cognitive Internet of Things.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 4;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Information Security Engineering, Soonchunhyang University, Asan-si 31538, Korea.

Smart homes can improve the quality of life and be implemented by Internet of Things (IoT) technologies. However, security is a very important issue in smart homes. For this reason, we propose a secrecy transmission protocol for primary user (PU) by selecting friendly jammer in cognitive IoT model. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Psychometric properties and clinical utility of brief measures of depression, anxiety, and general distress: The PHQ-2, GAD-2, and K-6.

Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2018 Nov 22;56:13-18. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

MindSpot Clinic, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia; eCentreClinic, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia.

Objective: The nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), seven-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7), and ten-item Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K-10) are valid and reliable measures of depression, anxiety and general distress. However, the time required in their administration may limit their use in routine care. This study examines the utility of shorter versions (PHQ-2, GAD-2, and K-6) as screening instruments and measures of treatment response. Read More

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November 2018

Evaluating health warning messages specific to waterpipe smoking among university students in Jordan.

J Am Assoc Nurse Pract 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

School of Nursing, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.

Background And Purpose: Health warning messages specific to waterpipe smoking (WPS) have not been tested enough in literature. This study evaluated university students' response to such messages. Specifically, this study (1) assessed the extent to which certain warning messages and pictorial signs motivate participants to quit WPS smoking; (2) identified the best location to place the warning signs of waterpipe as perceived by participants; and (3) assessed participants' intention to quit WPS. Read More

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November 2018

Cell Phone and Computer Use Among Parents Visiting an Urban Pediatric Emergency Department.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2018 Dec;34(12):878-882

Department of Pediatrics, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD.

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of cell phone and computer use among urban families bringing their children to an emergency department and to determine which technologies parents prefer to use to receive health information.

Methods: We visited 2 pediatric emergency departments in Baltimore, Md, and Little Rock, Ark. A convenience sample of parents of children 8 years old or younger completed a self-administered survey in the waiting area. Read More

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December 2018