99,209 results match your criteria Internet Journal of Minimally Invasive Spinal Technology [Journal]


A Nonlinear Dynamic Systems Model of Psychotherapy: First Steps Toward Validation and the Role of External Input.

Nonlinear Dynamics Psychol Life Sci 2019 Jan;23(1):79-112

Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria.

Mathematical modeling and computer simulations are important means to understand the mechanisms of psychotherapy. The challenge is to design models which not only predict outcome, but simulate the nonlinear trajectories of change. Another challenge is to validate them with empirical data. Read More

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January 2019

Gender-related differences in cue-elicited cravings in Internet gaming disorder: The effects of deprivation.

J Behav Addict 2018 Dec 17:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

5 Department of Psychiatry and Neurobiology, Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine , New Haven, CT, USA.

Background: Online gaming has become a popular leisure activity, in which males more frequently develop Internet gaming disorder (IGD) compared to females. However, gender-related neurocognitive differences have largely not been systematically investigated in IGD.

Methods: Cue-elicited-craving tasks were performed before game playing and immediately after deprivation operationalized as a forced break from gaming when the Internet was disconnected. Read More

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December 2018

Psychology of addictive behaviors.

Authors:
Tammy Chung

Psychol Addict Behav 2018 Dec;32(8):859-860

University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Having served as Associate Editor of (PAB) with three distinguished editors, Dr. Nancy Petry, Dr. Stephen Maisto, and Dr. Read More

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December 2018

[Patients' preferences for health-related use of Internet].

Orv Hetil 2018 Dec;159(51):2175-2182

ENT House Budapest rendelő Budapest, Rácz Aladár u. 94/G, 1121.

Introduction: More sophisticated implementation of the Internet in healthcare improves medical services innumerably. To better understand the patients' preferences for health-related use of Internet is warranted.

Aim: Our aim was to determine the patients' health-related Internet use. Read More

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December 2018

[Study of eating attitudes, behaviour and information-seeking in relation to sociodemographic and psychological factors among adolescents].

Orv Hetil 2018 Dec;159(51):2183-2192

Magatartástudományi Intézet, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Szeged, Szentháromság u. 5., 6722.

Introduction: Nutrition is one of the key factors in health maintainance. So developing appropriate eating habits is very important in adolescence. Dietary behaviour may be influenced by certain aspects of personality, e. Read More

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December 2018

Online cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) for the treatment of insomnia among individuals with alcohol use disorder: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Pilot Feasibility Stud 2018 10;4:183. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

1National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, Bethesda, USA.

Abstract: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is characterized by problematic drinking that becomes severe. Individuals with AUD often experience insomnia and other sleep disturbances at various phases of recovery. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is an efficacious non-pharmacological treatment for insomnia and is recommended as a first-line treatment for adults with chronic insomnia. Read More

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December 2018

Exploring the Incorporation of a Positive Psychology Component in a Cognitive Behavioral Internet-Based Program for Depressive Symptoms. Results Throughout the Intervention Process.

Front Psychol 2018 29;9:2360. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Basic Psychology, Clinic and Psychobiology, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, Spain.

Traditionally, evidence-based treatments for depression have focused on negative symptoms. Different authors describe the need to include positive affect as a major target of treatment. Positive psychology aims to fill this gap. Read More

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November 2018

Artificial intelligence methods for the diagnosis of breast cancer by image processing: a review.

Breast Cancer (Dove Med Press) 2018 30;10:219-230. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Health Information Management, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women around the world. Despite enormous medical progress, breast cancer has still remained the second leading cause of death worldwide; thus, its early diagnosis has a significant impact on reducing mortality. However, it is often difficult to diagnose breast abnormalities. Read More

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November 2018

[Readiness factors to improve the work environment using an employee participatory approach: Development and validation of readiness state checklist.]

Sangyo Eiseigaku Zasshi 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Objectives: The employee participatory approach is an effective method for improving work environments. However, there are some challenges in executing this method in each workplace because of such factors as a lack of employee interest or motivation to commit to the activity. Research was conducted to clarify readiness factors to improve the workplace environment using an employee participatory approach. Read More

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December 2018

"But doctor, I googled it!": The "three Rs" of managing patients in the age of information overload.

Clin Dermatol 2019 Jan - Feb;37(1):74-77. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Department of Neurology, Stanford University Hospitals and Clinics, Palo Alto, California, USA.

Managing patient interactions in the age of the Internet can be particularly difficult due to the vast amount of information available. Dermatologists should be able to identify relevant patient concerns to adequately address them. We discuss the ethical issues involved in interacting with patients who use the Internet for medical knowledge, and we suggest a method, using the "three Rs" (reassure, redirect, refer), to conduct these interactions. Read More

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Open access medical journals: Benefits and challenges.

Clin Dermatol 2019 Jan - Feb;37(1):52-55. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

Department of Dermatology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California, USA. Electronic address:

The world of medical science literature is ever increasingly accessible via the Internet. Open access online medical journals, in particular, offer access to a wide variety of useful information at no cost. In addition, they provide avenues for publishing that are available to health care providers of all levels of training and practice. Read More

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September 2018

Travel as a teaching and learning tool.

Clin Dermatol 2019 Jan - Feb;37(1):29-37. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Department of Dermatology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; Dermatologic SurgiCenter, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Electronic address:

Throughout history, physicians have traveled extensively to acquire new knowledge or to learn the latest therapeutic techniques from colleagues and academicians. This "wanderlust" persists in many who want to understand the world around them and learn from others, physicians or nonphysicians. Before the era of instantaneous online telecommunication, dermatologists would enhance their education by traveling abroad to learn from world-renowned experts in Europe and elsewhere and return with a treasure trove of knowledge and new skills. Read More

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September 2018

Three-Dimensional Printing in Anatomy Education:Assessing Potential Ethical Dimensions.

Authors:
D Gareth Jones

Anat Sci Educ 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Anatomy, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

New technological developments have frequently had major consequences for anatomy education, and have raised ethical queries for anatomy educators. The advent of three-dimensional (3D) printing of human material is showing considerable promise as an educational tool that fits alongside cadaveric dissection, plastination, computer simulation, and anatomical models and images. At first glance its ethical implications appear minimal, and yet the more extensive ethical implications around clinical bioprinting suggest that a cautious approach to 3D printing in the dissecting room is in order. Read More

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December 2018

Issues with inclusion and interpretation; a cause for concern in mHealth reviews?

J Psychiatr Res 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Centre, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

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December 2018

Relationship between anxiety, depression, sex, obesity, and internet addiction in Chinese adolescents: A short-term longitudinal study.

Addict Behav 2018 Dec 7;90:421-427. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Research Institute on Addictions, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, United States. Electronic address:

Associations between anxiety, depression and adolescent Internet addiction have been well documented in the literature; however, few published studies have examined these relationships considering the developmental trajectory courses of adolescent Internet addiction as well as the individual differences over time. Using a sample of 1545 Chinese adolescents and 3 waves of data over six months, we examined the longitudinal associations between anxiety and depression and Internet addiction, considering sex and obesity. We used latent growth curve modeling (LGCM) to examine the overall conditions of Internet addiction, and latent class growth modeling (LCGM) to determine adolescent developmental membership for Internet addiction. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Home monitoring with IT-supported specialist management versus home monitoring alone in patients with heart failure: Design and baseline results of the SUPPORT-HF 2 randomized trial.

Authors:

Am Heart J 2018 Sep 25;208:55-64. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

The George Institute for Global Health, University of Oxford, 1st Floor, Hayes House, 75 George St, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Objectives: SUPPORT-HF 2 tests the hypothesis that home monitoring with information technology-supported specialist management is more effective in optimizing medical therapy than is home monitoring alone for patients with heart failure.

Methods And Results: The study was designed as a 2-armed partially blinded parallel randomized controlled trial. Seven sites in the United Kingdom (UK) recruited a total of 202 adults with heart failure at high risk of adverse outcomes and with potential to benefit from remote management (mean age 73 years, 28% female, median left ventricular ejection fraction 37%). Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Physician referral to a psychologist: Testing alternative behavioral healthcare seeking models.

J Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Psychology Department, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Objective: Primary care physicians (PCPs) often refer patients to psychological services, but help-seeking factors in the context of behavioral healthcare referral are understudied. This study examined perceptions of seeking psychological help for depression by comparing alternative structural equation models derived from the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA).

Method: Internet survey participants (N = 685 US adults, 77% female, M  = 45) imagined themselves in a vignette scenario in which they are experiencing depression symptoms and encouraged by a PCP to see a psychologist. Read More

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December 2018

Pediatric Web-Based Chat Services for Caregivers of Children: Descriptive Study.

J Med Internet Res 2018 Dec 14;20(12):e10165. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Pediatric Research Center, New Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Pediatric physician-led Web-based chat services offer a novel, low-threshold communication channel between caregivers and physicians.

Objective: Our aim was to describe chat conversations between caregivers and physicians in a Web-based chat service to determine the factors that should be considered when planning a similar chat service. We also aimed to evaluate whether caregivers considered the consultations helpful, whether physicians considered they could answer caregivers' questions, and whether further face-to-face medical contact was needed. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Efficacy of a Parent-Based, Indicated Prevention for Anorexia Nervosa: Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Med Internet Res 2018 Dec 14;20(12):e296. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, United States.

Background: Web-based preventive interventions can reduce risk and incidence of bulimia and binge eating disorders among young high-risk women. However, their specific effects on core symptoms of anorexia nervosa (AN) are rather weak.

Objective: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an indicated, parent-based, Web-based preventive program Eltern als Therapeuten (E@T) in reducing risk factors and symptoms of AN. Read More

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December 2018

Examining Predictors of Real-World User Engagement with Self-Guided eHealth Interventions: Analysis of Mobile Apps and Websites Using a Novel Dataset.

J Med Internet Res 2018 Dec 14;20(12):e11491. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Zucker Hillside Hospital, Glen Oaks, NY, United States.

Background: The literature suggests that the product design of self-guided electronic health (eHealth) interventions impacts user engagement. Traditional trial settings, however, do not enable the examination of these relationships in real-world use.

Objective: This study aimed to examine whether the qualities of product design, research evidence, and publicly available data predict real-world user engagement with mobile and Web-based self-guided eHealth interventions. Read More

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December 2018

Supported Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Programs for Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in University Students: Open, Non-Randomised Trial of Acceptability, Effectiveness, and Satisfaction.

JMIR Ment Health 2018 Dec 14;5(4):e11467. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, United States.

Background: Many university campuses have limited mental health services that cannot cope with the high demand. One alternative is to use internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) as a way of tackling barriers such as lack of availability and scheduling issues.

Objective: This study aimed to assess feasibility, acceptability, effectiveness, and satisfaction of a supported iCBT intervention offering 3 programs on depression, anxiety, and stress to university students. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Asking a doctor versus referring to the Internet: A comparison study on consumers' reactions to DTC (direct-to-consumer) prescription drug advertising.

Authors:
Pingjun Jiang

Health Mark Q 2018 Dec 14:1-18. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

a Department of Marketing, School of Business Administration , La Salle University , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania , USA.

This study examines how consumers who responded to direct-to-consumer (DTC) prescription drug advertising by either talking with their doctors or seeking the Internet differ from those who did not respond to DTC advertising in a number of meaningful ways. This exploratory study provides an initial look at factors that are influential in discriminating information responders from nonresponders to DTC Rx ads. Consumers more attentive to and having more positive attitudes towards Rx ads and consumers having lower trust in their doctors and perceiving higher empowerment by Rx ads are more likely to respond for additional information after seeing Rx ads. Read More

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December 2018

Environmental correlates of total and domain-specific sedentary behaviour in young people. The UP&DOWN study.

Eur J Sport Sci 2018 Dec 14:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

a Department of Physical Education, Sport and Human Movement , Autonomous University of Madrid , C/ Francisco Tomás y Valiente, 3, 28049 , Madrid , Spain.

This study investigated the associations between the characteristics of the nearby physical environment with the total and domain-specific leisure-time sedentary behaviour (SB) in young people. The study included 1578 youth (9-18 years) from the UP&DOWN study. Total leisure-time SB was objectively-assessed by accelerometers. Read More

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December 2018

Self-Calibration and Performance Control of MEMS with Applications for IoT.

Authors:
Jason Clark

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 13;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Electrical and Computer Engineering, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36830, USA.

A systemic problem for microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) has been the large gap between their predicted and actual performances. Due to process variations, no two MEMS have been able to perform identically. In-factory calibration is often required, which can represent as much as three-fourths of the manufacturing costs. Read More

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December 2018

Current Research and New Perspectives of Telemedicine in Chronic Heart Failure: Narrative Review and Points of Interest for the Clinician.

J Clin Med 2018 Dec 13;7(12). Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Equipe de recherche EA 4662 "Nanomédecine, Imagerie, Thérapeutiques", Université de Technologie de Belfort-Montbéliard (UTBM), 25200 Belfort-Montbéliard, France.

Background: This is a narrative review of both the literature and Internet pertaining to telemedicine projects within the field of heart failure, with special attention placed on remote monitoring of second-generation projects and trials, particularly in France.

Results: Since the beginning of the 2000's, several telemedicine projects and trials focused on chronic heart failure have been developed. The first telemedicine projects (e. Read More

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December 2018

Data Exchange Interoperability in IoT Ecosystem for Smart Parking and EV Charging.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 13;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Computer Science, Aalto University, 02150 Espoo, Finland.

Many domains are trying to integrate with the Internet of Things (IoT) ecosystem, such as public administrations starting smart city initiatives all over the world. Cities are becoming smart in many ways: smart mobility, smart buildings, smart environment and so on. However, the problem of non-interoperability in the IoT hinders the seamless communication between all kinds of IoT devices. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The relationship between coping style and Internet addiction among mainland Chinese students: A meta-analysis.

Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 31;270:831-841. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Special Education Department, School of Education, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

The matter of whether different coping styles are correlated with increased Internet addiction or not remains a topic of debate. Most researchers have argued that Internet addiction is linked to low positive coping and high negative coping; however, others have rejected this opinion. Consequently, this meta-analysis examined the link between coping style and Internet addiction to address this controversy. Read More

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December 2018

Unpacking the mechanisms underlying the relation between ostracism and Internet addiction.

Authors:
Kai-Tak Poon

Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 25;270:724-730. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Psychology and Centre for Psychosocial Health, The Education University of Hong Kong, Tai Po, Hong Kong. Electronic address:

Prior studies have mainly focused on the psychological correlates of Internet addiction, but scant research has tested how actual interpersonal experience can influence people's tendency to spend an excessive amount of time online. The present research aimed to fill the research gap by investigating the potential relationship between ostracism and Internet usage as well as the mechanisms underlying such a linkage. Participants completed a series of well-validated measures assessing their ostracism experience in school, solitude seeking, self-control, and Internet addiction. Read More

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December 2018

Networking in eHealth research: results of the IDRC SEARCH program evaluation.

J Public Health (Oxf) 2018 Dec;40(suppl_2):ii12-ii15

Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Background: The IDRC 'Strengthening Equity through Applied Research Capacity building in eHealth' (SEARCH) funded seven research projects in Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lebanon, Peru and Vietnam that sought to answer questions or test solutions related to the use of Internet or mobile phone technology in strengthening health systems. The evaluation accompanied these projects over two years to answer, among others, the question how cross-grant learning interactions influenced project outcomes.

Methods: The evaluation team conducted repeated interviews and on-line questionnaire surveys with the research teams and analysed the information exchanges among researchers on a SharePoint site established by IDRC. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

4-Fluoramphetamine in the Netherlands: Text-mining and sentiment analysis of internet forums.

Int J Drug Policy 2018 Dec 11;64:34-39. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Trimbos Institute, The Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, Da Costakade 45, 3521VS, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Background: Users of new psychoactive substances including 4-fluoroamphetamine (4-FA/4-FMP) frequently share their experiences or opinions in online drug forums. We have tested the potential of computerised analysis of drug users' forum posts for monitoring and early detection of trends. Specifically, we tested whether changes in the volume of 4-FA related posts and sentiments expressed in those posts can be observed around the time 4-FA was increasingly reported by Dutch drug monitoring sources (2012-2017). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Internet-based cognitive and behavioural therapies for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 14;12:CD011710. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Division of Psychological Medicine and Clinical Neurosciences, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Hadyn Ellis Building, Maindy Road, Cardiff, UK, CF24 4HQ.

Background: Therapist-delivered trauma-focused psychological therapies are an effective treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). These have become the accepted first-line treatments for the disorder. Despite the established evidence-base for these therapies, they are not always widely available or accessible. Read More

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December 2018

Self-Powered Chemical Sensing Driven by Graphene-Based Photovoltaic Heterojunctions with Chemically Tunable Built-In Potentials.

Small 2018 Dec 12:e1804303. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

KU-KIST Graduate School of Converging Science and Technology, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, 02841, Republic of Korea.

Ultralow power chemical sensing is essential toward realizing the Internet of Things. However, electrically driven sensors must consume power to generate an electrical readout. Here, a different class of self-powered chemical sensing platform based on unconventional photovoltaic heterojunctions consisting of a top graphene (Gr) layer in contact with underlying photoactive semiconductors including bulk silicon and layered transition metal dichalcogenides is proposed. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Rebound in Sexually Transmitted Infections Following the Success of Antiretrovirals for HIV/AIDS.

AIDS Rev 2018 ;20(4):187-204

Sexually Transmitted infections Unit, Centro Sanitario Sandoval. Madrid, Spain.

Nearly 1 million people become infected every day with any of the four major curable sexually transmitted infections (STIs), namely trichomoniasis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. Despite huge global incidence, STIs remain as neglected diseases. The success of antiretrovirals for halting progression to AIDS in HIV-infected individuals and for stopping HIV transmission to uninfected contacts, either as pre- or post-exposure -prophylaxis, has to lead to increased risky sexual behaviors through risk compensation. Read More

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January 2018

Infertility patients' need and preferences for online peer support.

Reprod Biomed Soc Online 2018 Aug 15;6:80-89. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Jewish General Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

This study sought to determine the level of interest in online peer support among infertility patients, factors associated with such interest, and preferences for features of an online peer support network. A sample of 236 men and 283 women ( = 519) seeking fertility treatment were recruited from four clinics in Ontario and Quebec, Canada. Participants completed an anonymous online questionnaire assessing demographics, perceived stress and fertility characteristics, in addition to interest in and preferences for online infertility peer support. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads

Facilitating Web-Based Collaboration in Evidence Synthesis (TaskExchange): Development and Analysis.

JMIR Res Protoc 2018 Dec 13;7(12):e188. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: The conduct and publication of scientific research are increasingly open and collaborative. There is growing interest in Web-based platforms that can effectively enable global, multidisciplinary scientific teams and foster networks of scientists in areas of shared research interest. Designed to facilitate Web-based collaboration in research evidence synthesis, TaskExchange highlights the potential of these kinds of platforms. Read More

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December 2018

Issues in Building a Nursing Home Syndromic Surveillance System with Textmining: Longitudinal Observational Study.

JMIR Public Health Surveill 2018 Dec 13;4(4):e69. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Equipe de recherche (HANDIReSP), UFR des Sciences de la Santé Simone Veil, Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines et Université Paris-Saclay, Montigny-le-Bretonneux, France.

Background: New nursing homes (NH) data warehouses fed from residents' medical records allow monitoring the health of elderly population on a daily basis. Elsewhere, syndromic surveillance has already shown that professional data can be used for public health (PH) surveillance but not during a long-term follow-up of the same cohort.

Objective: This study aimed to build and assess a national ecological NH PH surveillance system (SS). Read More

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December 2018

Exploring the Most Visible German Websites on Melanoma Immunotherapy: A Web-Based Analysis.

JMIR Cancer 2018 Dec 13;4(2):e10676. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Dermatology, Dresden University Hospital and Medical Faculty Carl Gustav Carus, Technical University of Dresden, Dresden, Germany.

Background: Patients diagnosed with melanoma frequently search the internet for treatment information, including novel and complex immunotherapy. However, health literacy is limited among half of the German population, and no assessment of websites on melanoma treatment has been performed so far.

Objective: The aim of this study was to identify and assess the most visible websites in German language on melanoma immunotherapy. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Elements of Trust in Digital Health Systems: Scoping Review.

J Med Internet Res 2018 Dec 13;20(12):e11254. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Health Sciences and Technology, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Information and communication technologies have long become prominent components of health systems. Rapid advances in digital technologies and data science over the last few years are predicted to have a vast impact on health care services, configuring a paradigm shift into what is now commonly referred to as digital health. Forecasted to curb rising health costs as well as to improve health system efficiency and safety, digital health success heavily relies on trust from professional end users, administrators, and patients. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

An analysis of online pregnancy message boards: Mother-to-mother advice on medication use.

Women Birth 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Athletics, Georgetown University, 37th Street Northwest, Washington, DC 20007, United States.

Problem And Background: Psychotropic medication use is increasingly common among pregnant women. Many women solicit information from other mothers about the safety of these medications for use during pregnancy, yet little is known about the specific advice they receive.

Aim: The purpose of the current study was to examine the type of feedback women receive on a popular internet message board about psychotropic medication use during pregnancy. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

[Possibilities of doctor-patient communication - understanding patients' expectations].

Orv Hetil 2018 Dec;159(50):2136-2143

Népegészségtani Intézet, Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Szeged, Dóm tér 10., 6720.

Introduction: Nowadays doctor-patient consultation is not limited to personal appointments, there are new technical possibilities to keep contact.

Aim: The aim of our study was to examine the way in which the doctor and patient interact with each other between two personal consultations and how the patients would like to reach their physicians when needed.

Method: Questionnaire survey was done among waiting patients in an outpatient clinic in Budapest. Read More

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December 2018

Security Cost Aware Data Communication in Low-Power IoT Sensors with Energy Harvesting.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 12;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Computer Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China.

Security is a critical concern in low-power IoT (Internet of Things) wireless sensors because these resource constrained devices are easy to attack and meanwhile the energy constraint sensors will consume a lot of energy to run algorithms for security purposes. We study the energy efficiency data transmission problem in IoT sensors that use capacitors to harvest wireless energy while considering the energy cost for running security algorithms. Energy harvesting with capacitors has the characteristic that the energy harvesting rate varies over time, and it is getting slower and slower as the capacitor gets more and more wireless energy. Read More

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December 2018

Interdomain I/O Optimization in Virtualized Sensor Networks.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 12;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Key Laboratory of Complex Systems Modeling and Simulation, Ministry of Education, Hangzhou 310037, China.

In virtualized sensor networks, virtual machines (VMs) share the same hardware for sensing service consolidation and saving power. For those VMs that reside in the same hardware, frequent interdomain data transfers are invoked for data analytics, and sensor collaboration and actuation. Traditional ways of interdomain communications are based on virtual network interfaces of bilateral VMs for data sending and receiving. Read More

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December 2018

UISTD: A Trust-Aware Model for Diverse Item Personalization in Social Sensing with Lower Privacy Intrusion.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 11;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

School of Information Science and Engineering, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China.

Privacy intrusion has become a major bottleneck for current trust-aware social sensing, since online social media allows anybody to largely disclose their personal information due to the proliferation of the Internet of Things (IoT). State-of-the-art social sensing still suffers from severe privacy threats since it collects users' personal data and disclosure behaviors, which could raise user privacy concerns due to data integration for personalization. In this paper, we propose a trust-aware model, called the User and Item Similarity Model with Trust in Diverse Kinds (UISTD), to enhance the personalization of social sensing while reducing users' privacy concerns. Read More

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December 2018

Energy and Spectrally Efficient Modulation Scheme for IoT Applications.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 11;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Electrical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Assiut University, Assiut 71515, Egypt.

Due to the Internet of Things (IoT) requirements for a high-density network with low-cost and low-power physical (PHY) layer design, the low-power budget transceiver systems have drawn momentous attention lately owing to their superior performance enhancement in both energy efficiency and hardware complexity reduction. As the power budget of the classical transceivers is envisioned by using inefficient linear power amplifiers (PAs) at the transmitter (TX) side and by applying high-resolution analog to digital converters (ADCs) at the receiver (RX) side, the transceiver architectures with low-cost PHY layer design (i.e. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of Dietary Supplement Use in Wheelchair Rugby Athletes.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 11;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Health and Physical Education, Mount Royal University, Calgary, AB T3E 6K6, Canada.

Wheelchair rugby is a rapidly growing Paralympic sport; however, research remains predominantly in the realms of physiology and biomechanics. Currently, there is little investigation into nutrition and dietary supplement use among wheelchair rugby athletes (WRA). The aim of this study was to assess the types of dietary supplements (DS) used, the prevalence of usage, and the reasons for use among WRA. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

A Randomized Watermarking Technique for Detecting Malicious Data Injection Attacks in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks for Internet of Things Applications.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 9;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Computer Science Department, King Saud University, Riyadh 12371, Saudi Arabia.

Using Internet of Things (IoT) applications has been a growing trend in the last few years. They have been deployed in several areas of life, including secure and sensitive sectors, such as the military and health. In these sectors, sensory data is the main factor in any decision-making process. Read More

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December 2018

Measuring Relevant Information in Health Social Network Conversations and Clinical Diagnosis Cases.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 12 9;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Biomedical Informatics Group, Departamento de Lenguajes Sistemas Informáticos e Ingeniería de Software & Departamento de Inteligencia Artificial, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Informáticos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28660 Madrid, Spain.

The Internet and social media is an enormous source of information. Health social networks and online collaborative environments enable users to create shared content that afterwards can be discussed. The aim of this paper is to present a novel methodology designed for quantifying relevant information provided by different participants in clinical online discussions. Read More

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December 2018

Toward Security Enhanced Provisioning in Industrial IoT Systems.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 10;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Computer Engineering, Ajou University, 206, World cup-ro, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do 16499, Korea.

Through the active development of industrial internet of things (IIoT) technology, there has been a rapid increase in the number of different industrial wireless sensor networks (IWSNs). Accordingly, the security of IWSNs is also of importance, as many security problems related to IWSN protocols have been raised and various studies have been conducted to solve these problems. However, the provisioning process is the first step in introducing a new device into the IIoT network and a starting point for IIoT security. Read More

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December 2018

Securing Real-Time Internet-of-Things.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 10;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Computer Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61820, USA.

Modern embedded and cyber-physical systems are ubiquitous. Many critical cyber-physical systems have real-time requirements (e.g. Read More

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December 2018

The Comorbidity of Gambling Disorder among Macao Adult Residents and the Moderating Role of Resilience and Life Purpose.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 12 7;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Macau, Avenida da Universidade, Taipa, Macao, China.

Macao, China's only city with legalized casinos, has maintained a high prevalence of gambling participation and gambling disorder (GD) over the past decade. The mental health risks associated with such high levels have been overlooked. In order to estimate the comorbid prevalence of GD with depression, anxiety, and Internet gaming disorder (IGD) and to explore the potential buffering effect of psychological resilience and purpose in life, this study obtained a representative adult Chinese sample ( = 1000, 44% male, aged 18⁻97 years) from a telephone survey conducted between October and November of 2016. Read More

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December 2018