100,638 results match your criteria Internet Journal of Asthma Allergy and Immunology[Journal]


Gods associated with male fertility and virility.

Andrology 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Departamento de Cirurgia, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.

Background: Human fertility has always been a topic of curiosity and devotion. Many cultures consider fertility to be a necessity for the survival and perpetuation of mankind and since early times, myths were created to explain this fabulous process. Fertility gods were ubiquitous in numerous ancient human cultures and were used both to understand fertility and to cope with infertility by means of rituals and offerings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/andr.12599DOI Listing
February 2019

Politics and palliative care: Namibia.

Authors:
Dion Smyth

Int J Palliat Nurs 2019 Feb;25(2):102

Lecturer-practitioner in Cancer and Palliative Care, Birmingham City University, Birmingham, UK.

Dion Smyth's review of palliative nursing on the internet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/ijpn.2019.25.2.102DOI Listing
February 2019

Materials and Designs for Wearable Photodetectors.

Adv Mater 2019 Feb 20:e1808138. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Materials Science, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200433, P. R. China.

Photodetectors (PDs), as an indispensable component in electronics, are highly desired to be flexible to meet the trend of next-generation wearable electronics. Unfortunately, no in-depth reviews on the design strategies, material exploration, and potential applications of wearable photodetectors are found in literature to date. Thus, this progress report first summarizes the fundamental design principles of turning "hard" photodetectors "soft," including 2D (polymer and paper substrate-based devices) and 1D PDs (fiber shaped devices). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201808138DOI Listing
February 2019

Causal Relationships Among Pollen Counts, Tweet Numbers, and Patient Numbers for Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis Surveillance: Retrospective Analysis.

J Med Internet Res 2019 Feb 20;21(2):e10450. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Institute for Research Initiatives, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Ikoma, Japan.

Background: Health-related social media data are increasingly used in disease-surveillance studies, which have demonstrated moderately high correlations between the number of social media posts and the number of patients. However, there is a need to understand the causal relationship between the behavior of social media users and the actual number of patients in order to increase the credibility of disease surveillance based on social media data.

Objective: This study aimed to clarify the causal relationships among pollen count, the posting behavior of social media users, and the number of patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis in the real world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/10450DOI Listing
February 2019

How Do Adolescents Use Electronic Diaries? A Mixed-Methods Study Among Adolescents With Depressive Symptoms.

J Med Internet Res 2019 Feb 20;21(2):e11711. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

Background: Depression in adolescence is common. Less than half of the adolescents with depression receive mental health care; furthermore, treatment tends to be suspended, and its success rates are low. There is a need for these adolescents to have a safe place to share their thoughts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11711DOI Listing
February 2019

Tweet Classification Toward Twitter-Based Disease Surveillance: New Data, Methods, and Evaluations.

J Med Internet Res 2019 Feb 20;21(2):e12783. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Institute for Research Initiatives, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Ikoma, Japan.

Background: The amount of medical and clinical-related information on the Web is increasing. Among the different types of information available, social media-based data obtained directly from people are particularly valuable and are attracting significant attention. To encourage medical natural language processing (NLP) research exploiting social media data, the 13th NII Testbeds and Community for Information access Research (NTCIR-13) Medical natural language processing for Web document (MedWeb) provides pseudo-Twitter messages in a cross-language and multi-label corpus, covering 3 languages (Japanese, English, and Chinese) and annotated with 8 symptom labels (such as cold, fever, and flu). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/12783DOI Listing
February 2019

The Annual American Men's Internet Survey of Behaviors of Men Who Have Sex With Men in the United States: 2016 Key Indicators Report.

JMIR Public Health Surveill 2019 Feb 20;5(1):e11313. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States.

The American Men's Internet Survey (AMIS) is an annual Web-based behavioral survey of men who have sex with men (MSM) living in the United States. This Rapid Surveillance Report describes the fourth cycle of data collection (September 2016 through February 2017; AMIS 2016). The key indicators are the same as previously reported for AMIS (December 2013 through May 2014, AMIS 2013; November 2014 through April 2015, AMIS 2014; and September 2015 through April 2016, AMIS 2015). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11313DOI Listing
February 2019

Toward an Objective Assessment of Implementation Processes for Innovations in Health Care: Psychometric Evaluation of the Normalization Measure Development (NoMAD) Questionnaire Among Mental Health Care Professionals.

J Med Internet Res 2019 Feb 20;21(2):e12376. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit, Psychiatry, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Background: Successfully implementing eMental health (eMH) interventions in routine mental health care constitutes a major challenge. Reliable instruments to assess implementation progress are essential. The Normalization MeAsure Development (NoMAD) study developed a brief self-report questionnaire that could be helpful in measuring implementation progress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/12376DOI Listing
February 2019

Use of Mobile and Computer Devices to Support Recovery in People With Serious Mental Illness: Survey Study.

JMIR Ment Health 2019 Feb 20;6(2):e12255. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Westat, Inc, Lebanon, NH, United States.

Background: Mental health recovery refers to an individual's experience of gaining a sense of personal control, striving towards one's life goals, and meeting one's needs. Although people with serious mental illness own and use electronic devices for general purposes, knowledge of their current use and interest in future use for supporting mental health recovery remains limited.

Objective: This study aimed to identify smartphone, tablet, and computer apps that mental health service recipients use and want to use to support their recovery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/12255DOI Listing
February 2019

Ethics in humanitarian efforts: giving due credit to the local team.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb;29(2):195-199

William Novick Global Cardiac Alliance,Memphis,TN,USA.

Background: It has become increasingly apparent that only the truly effective humanitarian work emphasises empowering local practitioners. One problem, though, is that we are often seen as the "experts" who have come to "save" the children. This perception may adversely affect the confidence in the country's own providers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002081DOI Listing
February 2019

Is patient insurance type related to physician recommendation, administration and referral for adult vaccination? A survey of US physicians.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

b GSK , Philadelphia , PA , USA.

This study evaluated physician practices and perceived barriers for influenza, tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis (Tdap), and zoster vaccination of adults in the United States (US), with emphasis on patients with Medicare versus commercial insurance. A cross-sectional internet-based survey of board-certified general/family practitioners and internists (N = 1,000) recruited from a national US physician panel was conducted in May 2017. For influenza, rates of physician recommendation (84% of Medicare patients, 82% of commercially-insured patients), administration (80% Medicare, 78% commercial), and referral (11% Medicare, 11% commercial) were similar regardless of insurance type. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2019.1582402DOI Listing
February 2019

Matter, energy and information network of a graphene-peptide-based fluorescent sensing system for molecular logic computing, detection and imaging of cancer stem cell marker CD133 in cells and tumor tissues.

Analyst 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

State Key Laboratory of Developmental Biology of Freshwater Fish, Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Microbial Molecular Biology, College of Life Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, P. R. China.

Tumorigenesis, metastasis, and the recurrence of cancer, which may result from the abnormal presence or activation of cancer stem cells (CSCs), are involved in disorders of exchanged matter (biomarkers), energy and information in living organisms. Rapid and sensitive detection and imaging of CSC biomarkers (such as CD133) are helpful for early diagnosis and therapeutic evaluation of tumors. Recently, a preliminary exploration of a few affinity molecules (like peptide-based probes) has just begun for chemical measurements and imaging of CSC biomarker CD133. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8an02115eDOI Listing
February 2019

Mindfulness training for addictions: has neuroscience revealed a brain hack by which awareness subverts the addictive process?

Authors:
Judson Brewer

Curr Opin Psychol 2019 Jan 28;28:198-203. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Mindfulness Center, Brown University School of Public Health and Warren Alpern School of Medicine, 121 S Main St, Providence, RI 02903, United States. Electronic address:

Addiction is an age-old problem with desire pitted against self-control and will-power. In modern day substances (including food) and experiences (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2019.01.014DOI Listing
January 2019

The WATCH AF Trial: SmartWATCHes for Detection of Atrial Fibrillation.

JACC Clin Electrophysiol 2019 Feb 28;5(2):199-208. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Chief Medical Information Officer (CMIO) Office, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland; Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Objectives: The WATCH AF (SmartWATCHes for Detection of Atrial Fibrillation) trial compared the diagnostic accuracy to detect atrial fibrillation (AF) by a smartwatch-based algorithm using photoplethysmographic (PPG) signals with cardiologists' diagnosis by electrocardiography (ECG).

Background: Timely detection of AF is crucial for stroke prevention.

Methods: In this prospective, 2-center, case-control trial, a PPG pulse wave recording using a commercially available smartwatch was obtained along with Internet-enabled mobile ECG in 672 hospitalized subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacep.2018.10.006DOI Listing
February 2019

E-tools for hospital management: An overview of smartphone applications for health professionals.

Int J Med Inform 2019 Apr 19;124:58-67. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Turin, Italy.

Background: Commonly, management of the main hospital activities is organized by different software packages that run on desktop computers, which may not always allow fast and practical use by health operators. This problem could be alleviated by combining these software packages with mobile health. The aim of this study is to provide an overview of smartphone and tablet applications used for hospital management and administration in order to evaluate their features and analyze them according to their content, number of downloads and field of application. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2019.01.010DOI Listing

Analysis of the efficacy of an internet-based self-administered intervention ("Living Better") to promote healthy habits in a population with obesity and hypertension: An exploratory randomized controlled trial.

Int J Med Inform 2019 Apr 21;124:13-23. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Universitat de València, Facultad de Psicología, Valencia, Spain; CIBER Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (CB06/03), Instituto Carlos III, Spain. Electronic address:

Introduction: Changes in unhealthy lifestyles are key elements in the prevention and treatment of obesity and hypertension. Internet-based programs offer great potential for the implementation of evidence-based interventions focused on promoting healthy habits. We evaluate the efficacy of an Internet-based self-administered program ("Living Better") that addresses people diagnosed as being overweight or having type I obesity and hypertension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2018.12.007DOI Listing

Cognitive deficits in problematic internet use: meta-analysis of 40 studies.

Br J Psychiatry 2019 Feb 20:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Psychiatry,University of Cambridge; andPeterborough NHS Foundation Trust,Cambridge,UK.

Background: Excessive use of the internet is increasingly recognised as a global public health concern. Individual studies have reported cognitive impairment in problematic internet use (PIU), but have suffered from various methodological limitations. Confirmation of cognitive deficits in PIU would support the neurobiological plausibility of this disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.2019.3DOI Listing
February 2019

Correction to: No-Notice Mystery Patient Drills to Assess Emergency Preparedness for Infectious Diseases at Community Health Centers in New York City, 2015-2016.

J Community Health 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Bureau of Healthcare System Readiness, Office of Emergency Preparedness and Response, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Queens, NY, USA.

The article No-Notice Mystery Patient Drills to Assess Emergency Preparedness for Infectious Diseases at Community Health Centers in New York City, 2015-2016, written by Mohsin Ali and Marsha D. Williams, was originally published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on 02 January 2019 without open access. With the author(s)' decision to opt for Open Choice the copyright of the article changed on 13 January 2019 to © The Author(s) 2019 and the article is forthwith distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00621-0DOI Listing
February 2019

A randomized controlled trial comparing a telemedicine therapeutic intervention with routine care in adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus treated by insulin pumps.

Acta Diabetol 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Maccabi National Juvenile Diabetes Center, Raanana, Israel.

Aim: To examine the effectiveness and safety over a 12-month period of a telemedicine intervention in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) treated with insulin pumps.

Methods: 74 T1D patients on insulin pumps for at least 1 year (mean 19.5 [11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00592-019-01300-1DOI Listing
February 2019

Expressed Emotion Research in India: A Narrative Review.

Indian J Psychol Med 2019 Jan-Feb;41(1):18-26

Department of Social Work, Linneaus University, Vaxjo, Sweden.

Background: Expressed emotion (EE) is detrimental to patients with schizophrenia, mood disorders, eating disorders and many other psychiatric and neurological disorders. However, majority of the EE literature is generated from the west, and the results of those studies may have limited application in Indian setting. Hence, we conducted this review with the main aim of understanding EE research in India and its potential role in the course and outcome of psychiatric disorders and other chronic illnesses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/IJPSYM.IJPSYM_235_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6337921PMC
February 2019

Internet-Based Cognitive-Behavioural Intervention for Women with Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Psychother Psychosom 2019 Feb 19:1-14. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Division of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Department of Psychology, Philipps University Marburg, Marburg, Germany.

Background: Given the high prevalence of clinically relevant premenstrual symptoms and the associated impairment, there is a need for effective treatments. Initial evidence suggests cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) as an effective treatment for premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). The aim of the current randomized clinical trial was to evaluate an Internet-based CBT (iCBT) to reduce the burden of PMDD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496237DOI Listing
February 2019

Physiotherapy after anterior cervical spine surgery for cervical disc disease: study protocol of a prospective randomised study to compare internet-based neck-specific exercise with prescribed physical activity.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 19;9(2):e027387. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Neuro-Orthopedic Center, Ryhov Hospital, Jönköping, Sweden.

Introduction: Patients suffering from remaining disability after anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) surgery for cervical disc disease may be prescribed physical activity (PPA) or neck-specific exercises (NSEs). Currently, we lack data for the success of either approach. There is also a knowledge gap concerning the use of internet-based care for cervical disc disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-027387DOI Listing
February 2019

Maternity Log study: a longitudinal lifelog monitoring and multiomics analysis for the early prediction of complicated pregnancy.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 19;9(2):e025939. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.

Purpose: A prospective cohort study for pregnant women, the Maternity Log study, was designed to construct a time-course high-resolution reference catalogue of bioinformatic data in pregnancy and explore the associations between genomic and environmental factors and the onset of pregnancy complications, such as hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, gestational diabetes mellitus and preterm labour, using continuous lifestyle monitoring combined with multiomics data on the genome, transcriptome, proteome, metabolome and microbiome.

Participants: Pregnant women were recruited at the timing of first routine antenatal visits at Tohoku University Hospital, Sendai, Japan, between September 2015 and November 2016. Of the eligible women who were invited, 65. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025939DOI Listing
February 2019

Linking plasma formation in grapes to microwave resonances of aqueous dimers.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Physics and Astronomy, Trent University, Peterborough, ON, Canada K9L 0G2;

The sparking of cut grape hemispheres in a household microwave oven has been a poorly explained Internet parlor trick for over two decades. By expanding this phenomenon to whole spherical dimers of various grape-sized fruit and hydrogel water beads, we demonstrate that the formation of plasma is due to electromagnetic hotspots arising from the cooperative interaction of Mie resonances in the individual spheres. The large dielectric constant of water at the relevant gigahertz frequencies can be used to form systems that mimic surface plasmon resonances that are typically reserved for nanoscale metallic objects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1818350116DOI Listing
February 2019

Sharing Violent Thoughts on the Internet.

J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

At the time this article was written, Dr. Abukamil was a Forensic Psychiatry Fellow, University of Cincinnati. Dr. Abukamil is currently a Staff Psychiatrist at Stein Hospital, Las Vegas, Nevada. Dr. Piel is Staff Psychiatrist, VA Puget Sound, and Assistant Professor and Associate Psychiatry Residency Program Director, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

The anonymity of the Internet enables people to explore and share certain thoughts they may not feel comfortable sharing through traditional means. This is true for socially unacceptable thoughts, including violent and sexually sadistic fantasies. Despite one's relative freedom to explore virtually any subject anonymously, some Internet activities can attract unwanted attention from the media and law enforcement authorities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29158/JAAPL.003826-19DOI Listing
February 2019

Cost-utility of a guided Internet-based intervention in comparison with attention only for people with HIV and depressive symptoms: A randomized controlled trial.

J Psychosom Res 2019 Mar 18;118:34-40. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Biomedical Data Sciences, Section Medical Decision Making, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cost-utility of a guided Internet-based intervention for people living with HIV and depressive symptoms, compared to attention only (control condition). It was previously found that the intervention was effective in decreasing depressive symptoms, compared to the control group.

Methods: This economic evaluation was conducted alongside a randomized controlled trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2019.01.012DOI Listing

SWATted away: the challenging experience of setting up a programme of SWATs in paediatric trials.

Trials 2019 Feb 19;20(1):141. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Health Sciences and the Hull York Medical School, University of York, Heslington, York, YO10 5DD, UK.

Background: Randomised controlled trials are considered the best method for determining the effectiveness and safety of health interventions. Trials involving children are essential to ensure that treatments are safe and effective. However, many trials, in both adult and paediatric populations, do not achieve recruitment targets and/or maintain retention of participants, which can lead to a reduction in the internal and external validity of the results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-019-3236-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Clinicopathological and prognostic value of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α in patients with bone tumor: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Orthop Surg Res 2019 Feb 19;14(1):56. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Affiliated Southeast Hospital of Xiamen University, Orthopaedic Center of People's Liberation Army, Zhangzhou, 363000, Fujian Province, China.

Background: Recently, many studies have shown the role of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) expression in the outcome of bone tumor. However, the results remain inconclusive. It is necessary to carry out a meta-analysis of all the current available data to clarify the relationship between HIF-1α and survival or clinicopathological features of bone tumor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13018-019-1101-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Using information and communication technologies to involve patients and the public in health education in rural and remote areas: a scoping review.

BMC Health Serv Res 2019 Feb 19;19(1):128. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Family and Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University Laval, 1050 Avenue de la Médecine, Quebec City, G1V 0A6, Canada.

Background: Patient and public involvement (PPI) in health education is a practice whereby research and education are carried in collaboration 'with' patients and/or citizens, maintaining their role as a team member or expert. PPI in health education is of great interest for all stakeholders in the field, as it can make program development more relevant to the public and increase its utilization by the target population. However, little is known about how PPI should be implemented in different settings particularly in rural and remote areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-019-3906-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Internet Usage by Women with Eating Disorders during Illness and Recovery.

Health Commun 2019 Feb 19:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

a Faculty of Social Studies , Masaryk University.

Internet usage may have both positive and negative impacts on people with eating disorders. In research to date, most of the focus has been put on the harms connected with platforms that support people in continuing their disorder. Less studied have been the benefits of other technology platforms used by people with eating disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10410236.2019.1582135DOI Listing
February 2019

NAPPFAST: An Internet System for the Weather-Based Mapping of Plant Pathogens.

Plant Dis 2007 Apr;91(4):336-345

Department of Agriculture Food and Forestry, Canberra, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-91-4-0336DOI Listing

ID Insertion and Data Tracking with Frequency Offset for Physical Wireless Parameter Conversion Sensor Networks.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Feb 13;19(4). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Advanced Wireless and Communication Research Center (AWCC), The University of Electro-Communications, Tokyo 182-8585, Japan.

As the applications of the internet of things are becoming widely diversified, wireless sensor networks require real-time data reception, accommodation of access from several sensors, and low power consumption. In physical wireless parameter conversion sensor networks (PhyC-SN), all the sensors use frequency shift keying as the modulation scheme and then access the channel to the fusion center, simultaneously. As a result, the fusion center can recognize the statistical tendency of all the sensing results at a time from the frequency spectrum of the received signal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19040767DOI Listing
February 2019

PLUG-N-HARVEST Architecture for Secure and Intelligent Management of Near-Zero Energy Buildings.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Feb 18;19(4). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Research and Innovation, Odin Solutions, Alcantarilla, 30820 Murcia, Spain.

Building Automation (BA) is key to encourage the growth of more sustainable cities and smart homes. However, current BA systems are not able to manage new constructions based on Adaptable/Dynamic Building Envelopes (ADBE) achieving near-zero energy-efficiency. The ADBE buildings integrate Renewable Energy Sources (RES) and Envelope Retrofitting (ER) that must be managed by new BA systems based on Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Internet of Things (IoT) through secure protocols. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19040843DOI Listing
February 2019

Health Information Engagement Factors in Malaysia: A Content Analysis of Facebook Use by the Ministry of Health in 2016 and 2017.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 18;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Director General's Office, Ministry of Health, Putrajaya 62590, Malaysia.

Health organizations have widely adopted social media for health promotion, public health communication conveyance, and organizational promotion activities. However, little published data exists on the factors that facilitate health information diffusion in South East Asia, especially Malaysia compared with Western countries. This study aimed to investigate factors associated with good engagement rates among internet users on the Facebook (FB) page of Ministry of Health Malaysia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040591DOI Listing
February 2019

Slotted ALOHA on LoRaWAN-Design, Analysis, and Deployment.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Feb 18;19(4). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

DEI, University of Bologna, 40123 Bologna, Italy.

LoRaWAN is one of the most promising standards for long-range sensing applications. However, the high number of end devices expected in at-scale deployment, combined with the absence of an effective synchronization scheme, challenge the scalability of this standard. In this paper, we present an approach to increase network throughput through a Slotted-ALOHA overlay on LoRaWAN networks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19040838DOI Listing
February 2019

Review of Ethnomedicinal, Phytochemical and Pharmacological Properties of (Engl.) Engl.

Authors:
Alfred Maroyi

Molecules 2019 Feb 18;24(4). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Medicinal Plants and Economic Development (MPED) Research Centre, Department of Botany, University of Fort Hare, Private Bag X1314, Alice 5700, South Africa.

is a valuable medicinal plant species among different ethnic groups in tropical Africa. The aim of the current study was to review existing literature on the ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological properties of in an effort to evaluate the therapeutic potential of the species. The relevant information on the ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological properties of was generated from several sources including books, book chapters, theses, scientific reports and journal articles obtained from the library and internet sources such as SciFinder, Wiley, Web of Science, American Chemical Society publications, PubMed, BMC, Elsevier, Science Direct, Scielo and Scopus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24040732DOI Listing
February 2019

Offloading and Transmission Strategies for IoT Edge Devices and Networks.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Feb 18;19(4). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

School of Electrical Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea.

We present a machine and deep learning method to offload trained deep learning model and transmit packets efficiently on resource-constrained internet of things (IoT) edge devices and networks. Recently, the types of IoT devices have become diverse and the volume of data has been increasing, such as images, voice, and time-series sensory signals generated by various devices. However, transmitting large amounts of data to a server or cloud becomes expensive owing to limited bandwidth, and leads to latency for time-sensitive operations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19040835DOI Listing
February 2019

Special Issue on "Smart Homes": Editors' Notes.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Feb 18;19(4). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Information Engineering, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Via Brecce Bianche, 60131 Ancona, Italy.

In this editorial, we provide an overview of the content of the Special Issue on "Smart Homes". The aim of this Special Issue is to provide a comprehensive collection of some of the current state-of-the-art technologies in the context of smart homes, together with new advanced theoretical and technological solutions that enable smart technology diffusion into homes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19040836DOI Listing
February 2019

An Approach to Share Self-Taught Knowledge between Home IoT Devices at the Edge.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Feb 18;19(4). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

IoT Research Division, Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute, Daejeon 34129, Korea.

The traditional Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm has evolved towards intelligent IoT applications which exploit knowledge produced by IoT devices using artificial intelligence techniques. Knowledge sharing between IoT devices is a challenging issue in this trend. In this paper, we propose a Knowledge of Things (KoT) framework which enables sharing self-taught knowledge between IoT devices which require similar or identical knowledge without help from the cloud. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19040833DOI Listing
February 2019

Process Management in IoT Operating Systems: Cross-Influence between Processing and Communication Tasks in End-Devices.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Feb 16;19(4). Epub 2019 Feb 16.

B105 Electronic Systems Lab, ETSI Telecomunicación, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid Avenida Complutense 30, 28040 Madrid, Spain.

The emergence and spread of Internet of Things (IoT) technologies along with the edge computing paradigm has led to an increase in the computational load on sensor end-devices. These devices are now expected to provide high-level information instead of just raw sensor measurements. Therefore, the processing tasks must share the processor time with the communication tasks, and both of them may have strict timing constraints. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19040805DOI Listing
February 2019

Static and Dynamic Activity Detection with Ambient Sensors in Smart Spaces.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Feb 16;19(4). Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Electrical and Computer Engineering, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182, USA.

Convergence of Machine Learning, Internet of Things, and computationally powerful single-board computers has boosted research and implementation of smart spaces. Smart spaces make predictions based on historical data to enhance user experience. In this paper, we present a low-cost, low-energy smart space implementation to detect static and dynamic human activities that require simple motions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19040804DOI Listing
February 2019

Perception of Environmental Risks and Behavioral Changes during Pregnancy: A Cross-Sectional Study of French Postpartum Women.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 16;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Environmental Health Platform Dedicated to Reproduction, ARTEMIS Center, 33076 Bordeaux, France.

Limiting exposure to environmental hazards during preconception and pregnancy is essential for preventing adverse pregnancy outcomes or developmental defects in offspring. However, the perception of environmental risk and the behavioral changes of women planning or having a pregnancy have rarely been investigated, except for a few risk factors. We thus performed a cross-sectional study of French postpartum women hospitalized in the Bordeaux University Hospital in 2017 by proposing a self-administrated survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040565DOI Listing
February 2019

Cross-Device Computation Coordination for Mobile Collocated Interactions with Wearables.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Feb 15;19(4). Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Korea Electronics Technology Institute, Mapo-gu, Seoul 03924, Korea.

Mobile devices, wearables and Internet-of-Things are crammed into smaller form factors and batteries, yet they encounter demanding applications such as big data analysis, data mining, machine learning, augmented reality and virtual reality. To meet such high demands in the multi-device ecology, multiple devices should communicate collectively to share computation burdens and stay energy-efficient. In this paper, we present a cross-device computation coordination method for scenarios of mobile collocated interactions with wearables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19040796DOI Listing
February 2019

An In-Networking Double-Layered Data Reduction for Internet of Things (IoT).

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Feb 15;19(4). Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Faculty of Computer and IT, Sana'a University, Sana'a 31220, Yemen.

Due to the ever-increasing number and diversity of data sources, and the continuous flow of data that are inevitably redundant and unused to the cloud, the Internet of Things (IoT) brings several problems including network bandwidth, the consumption of network energy, cloud storage, especially for paid volume, and I/O throughput as well as handling huge amount of stored data in the cloud. These call for data pre-processing at the network edge before data transmission over the network takes place. Data reduction is a method for mitigating such problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19040795DOI Listing
February 2019

FUNDAMENTAL, QUANTITATIVE TRAITS OF THE "SOCIOTYPE".

Biosystems 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Bioinformation Group. Aragon Institute of Health Science (IACS)/Aragon Health Research Institute (IIS Aragón). 50009 Zaragoza, Spain. Electronic address:

In whatever domain of life, from cells to organisms to societies, communicative exchanges underlie the formation and maintenance, and decay, of the emerging collective structures. It can be clearly seen in the human social world. The different classes of social bonds in a complex society revolve around, and are intimately related with, the communicative relationships that every individual entertains-essentially via face-to-face conversation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2019.02.007DOI Listing
February 2019

A comparative analysis of the pharmacovigilance systems of Brazil, Spain, the European Union and the United States based on the information provided by their regulatory agency websites.

Daru 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Pharmaceutical Care Research Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Granada, 18071, Granada, Spain.

Background: Pharmacovigilance (PV) plays an essential role in monitoring and raising awareness of adverse drug reactions (ADRs). Increasingly, ADRs are reported and PV information and activities are circulated via the Internet. PV actions are carried out by the Regulatory Agencies (RAs) responsible for medicinal products in each country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40199-019-00249-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Recommendations for a Culturally Salient Web-based Physical Activity Program for African Americans.

Transl J Am Coll Sports Med 2019 Jan;4(2):8-15

University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.

Background: Barriers to physical activity (PA) among African Americans (AAs) have been extensively studied, yet there is limited research on innovative PA interventions designed to address them. In recent years, many studies have used the internet to promote PA, but very few have included AAs. In this study, we sought the input of AA focus groups to inform the development of a web-based Physical Activity for The Heart (PATH) program for inactive AAs. Read More

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January 2019

Web-Based Health Services in Forensic Psychiatry: A Review of the Use of the Internet in the Treatment of Child Sexual Abusers and Child Sexual Exploitation Material Offenders.

Front Psychiatry 2018 4;9:763. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Clinic for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy-Forensic Psychiatry, Human Medical Center Göttingen, Georg-August-University Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.

In recent years, web-based health services for a variety of mental disorders have been developed and evaluated. Evidence suggests that guided internet-based therapy can be as effective as conventional face-to-face therapy. In forensic psychiatric practice, few web-based treatments have been implemented up to now. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00763DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369176PMC
February 2019

Opportunistic Entanglement Distribution for the Quantum Internet.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 18;9(1):2219. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Networked Systems and Services, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, H-1117, Hungary.

Quantum entanglement is a building block of the entangled quantum networks of the quantum Internet. A fundamental problem of the quantum Internet is entanglement distribution. Since quantum entanglement will be fundamental to any future quantum networking scenarios, the distribution mechanism of quantum entanglement is a critical and emerging issue in quantum networks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-38495-wDOI Listing
February 2019